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Eric XII of Sweden: Wikis


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The seal of king Erik Magnusson.

Eric XII Magnusson (1339 – June 21, 1359) was rival king of Sweden to his father Magnus IV from 1356 to his death in 1359. Married to Beatrix of Bavaria, daughter of Louis IV of Bavaria.

Referring to Eric Magnusson as Eric XII is a later invention. The Swedish kings Erik XIV (1560–68) and Charles IX (1604–1611) took their numbers after studying a highly fictitious History of Sweden. He was actually Erik VII.[1]

In 1343 Eric and his brother Haakon were elected heirs of Sweden respectively Norway. That Haakon got the Norwegian throne in 1355 (causing the union between Norway and Sweden to split) while Eric didn't get any position in the Swedish council might have affected his choice to lead a rebellion against his father in 1355. In 1357 the rebellion had forced Magnus to share Sweden with his son Eric who got to rule most of Southern Sweden and Finland. Sweden was reunited again in 1359 when father and son became reconciled, and co-ruled Sweden until Eric's death a few months later. While dying Eric accused his mother Blanche of Namur for poisoning him. Quite soon after the death his wife Beatrix died too. It is generally believed that they died of the plague.


Born: 1339 Died: 1359
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Magnus Eriksson
King of Sweden
with Magnus Eriksson
Succeeded by
Magnus Eriksson


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