The Full Wiki

Erie County, New York: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Erie County, New York

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Erie County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Erie County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Seat Buffalo
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,227 sq mi (3,178 km²)
1,044 sq mi (2,704 km²)
183 sq mi (474 km²), 14.89%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

950,265
909/sq mi (351/km²)
Founded 1821
Website www.erie.gov

Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 950,265. The county seat is Buffalo. The county's name comes from Lake Erie, which in turn comes from the Erie tribe of Indians who lived south and east of the lake before 1654.

Erie County is part of the Buffalo–Niagara Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area. The southern part of the county is known as the Southtowns.[1]

Contents

History

Old Erie County Courthouse.

When counties were established in New York State in 1683[2] present-day Erie County was Indian territory and was not part of New York. Significant European settlement began ca. 1800 after the Holland Land Company extinguished Indian claims to the land, acquired the title to eight western-most counties of Western New York, surveyed their holdings, established towns, and began selling lots. At this time, all of Western New York was part of Ontario County. In 1802, Genesee County was created out of Ontario County. In 1808, Niagara County was created out of Genesee County. In 1821, Erie County was created out of Niagara County, encompassing all of the land between Tonawanda Creek and Cattaraugus Creek.[3]

The first towns formed in present-day Erie County were the Town of Clarence and the Town of Willink. Clarence comprised the northern portion of Erie county, and Willink the southern part. Clarence still exists as a town, but Willink was quickly subdivided completely into other towns. When Erie County was established in 1821, it consisted of the towns of Amherst, Aurora, Boston, Clarence, Collins, Concord, Eden, Evans, Hamburg, Holland, Sardinia, and Wales.

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Erie County, New York.[4]

Geography

Erie County is in the western portion of New York State, bordering on the lake of the same name. It is the most populous county in New York State outside of the New York City metropolitan area.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,227 square miles (3,178 km²), of which, 1,044 square miles (2,704 km²) of it is land and 183 square miles (473 km²) of it (14.89%) is water. The northern border of the county is Tonawanda Creek. Part of the southern border is Cattaraugus Creek. Other major streams include Buffalo Creek (Buffalo River), Cayuga Creek, Cazenovia Creek, Scajaquada Creek, Eighteen Mile Creek and Ellicott Creek.

The county's northern half, including Buffalo and its suburbs, is relatively flat and rises gently up from the lake. The southern half, known as the Southtowns,[1] is much hillier and is the northwesternmost foothills of the Appalachian Mountains.

The highest elevation in the county is a hill in the Town of Sardinia that tops out at around 1,940 feet (591 m) above sea level. The lowest ground is about 560 feet (171 m), on Grand Island at the Niagara River.

The Onondaga Escarpment runs through the northern part of Erie County.

Advertisements

Adjacent Counties

Major Highways

Erie County Routes

Erie County Route 1 NY.svg List of county routes in Erie County, New York

National protected area

Rivers, streams, and lakes

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1830 35,719
1840 62,465 74.9%
1850 100,993 61.7%
1860 141,971 40.6%
1870 178,699 25.9%
1880 219,884 23.0%
1890 322,981 46.9%
1900 433,686 34.3%
1910 528,985 22.0%
1920 634,688 20.0%
1930 762,408 20.1%
1940 798,377 4.7%
1950 899,238 12.6%
1960 1,064,688 18.4%
1970 1,113,491 4.6%
1980 1,015,472 −8.8%
1990 968,532 −4.6%
2000 950,265 −1.9%
Est. 2008 909,845 −4.3%
Source[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 950,265 people, 380,873 households, and 243,377 families residing in the county. The population density was 910 people per square mile (351/km²). There were 415,868 housing units at an average density of 398 per square mile (154/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.18% White, 13.00% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. 3.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% were of German, 17.2% Polish, 14.9% Italian, 11.7% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 91.1% spoke English, 3.0% Spanish and 1.6% Polish as their first language.

Erie County, NY Population [5]

There were 380,873 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.10% were non-families. 30.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,567, and the median income for a family was $49,490. Males had a median income of $38,703 versus $26,510 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,357. About 9.20% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, Towns, Villages, and other locations

Map showing the municipalities of Erie County
  • label in parentheses refers to legal municipal designation.

Indian reservations

State Parks and lands

Information about Erie County

Erie County is home to the Buffalo Bills football team, the Buffalo Sabres hockey team, the Buffalo Bandits lacrosse team, the Buffalo Bisons minor league baseball team, and the Buffalo Silverbacks, a basketball team in the American Basketball Association. The city also features a zoo, a botanical garden, a science museum, an historical museum, and the famous Albright-Knox Art Gallery.

The Erie County Fair, now called America's Fair, held every August in the Town of Hamburg, is the second largest fair in the country.

Plans to merge Erie County with the City of Buffalo have been suggested, which would eliminate much of the extensive bureaucracy and political and municipal subdivisions among the various towns, cities, and villages in the county. The result would be a consolidated city-county controlled by a single government, effectively making Buffalo's borders and population contiguous with Erie County's. These plans have proven very controversial; opposition has come from the rural villages on the borders of Erie County, which feel the plan would not benefit them, and the suburbs, which want to avoid the financial troubles of Buffalo and Erie County while simultaneously benefiting from the amenities of close proximity to a large population base. [7]

County Government

Erie County Executives

Name Party Term
Edward C. Rath Republican 1962 – 1969
B. John Tutuska Republican 1969 – 1971
Edward Regan Republican 1972 – 1978
Ed Rutkowski Republican 1979 – 1987
Dennis Gorski Democratic 1988 – 1999
Joel Giambra Republican 2000 – 2007
Chris Collins Republican 2008 – present

Executive Branch

Office Name Party Hometown
County Executive Chris Collins Republican Clarence
County Comptroller Mark Poloncarz Democrat Buffalo
District Attorney Frank Sedita III Democrat Buffalo
County Sheriff Tim Howard Republican Eden
County Clerk Kathy Hochul Democrat Hamburg

County Legislature

District Title Name Party Hometown
11 Chairwoman Lynn Marinelli Democrat Buffalo
6 Majority Leader Maria R. Whyte Democrat Buffalo
13 Minority Leader John J. Mills Republican Orchard Park
1 Daniel M. Kozub Democrat Lackawanna
2 Timothy M. Kennedy Democrat South Buffalo
3 Barbara Miller-Williams Democrat Buffalo
4 Raymond W. Walter Republican Amherst
5 Kathy Konst Democrat Lancaster
7 Betty Jean Grant Democrat Buffalo
8 Thomas J. Mazur Democrat Cheektowaga
9 Timothy M. Wroblewski Democrat West Seneca
10 Michele M. Iannello Democrat Kenmore
12 Robert B. Reynolds, Jr. Democrat Hamburg
14 Thomas A. Loughran Democrat Amherst
15 Edward Rath III Republican Williamsville

Educational institutions

Many educational institutions include: Bryant and Stratton, Buffalo State College, Canisius College, Daemen College, D'Youville College, Erie Community College, Hilbert College, Houghton College, Medaille College, Trocaire College, University at Buffalo, and Villa Maria College.

School Districts

  • Akron Central School District
  • Alden Central School District
  • Amherst Central School District
  • Buffalo City School District
  • Cheektowaga Central School District
  • Cheektowaga-Maryvale Union Free School District
  • Cheektowaga-Sloan Union Free School District (John F. Kennedy Middle/High School)
  • Clarence Central School District
  • Cleveland Hill Union Free School District
  • Depew Union Free School District
  • East Aurora Union Free School District
  • Eden Central School District
  • Evans-Brant Central School District (Lake Shore)
  • Frontier Central School District
  • Grand Island Central School District
  • Gowanda Central School District
  • Hamburg Central School District
  • Holland Central School District
  • Hopevale Union Free School District At Hamburg
  • Iroquois Central School District
  • Kenmore-Tonawanda Union Free School District
  • Lackawanna City School District
  • Lancaster Central School District
  • North Collins Central School District
  • Orchard Park Central School District
  • Springville-Griffith Institute Central School District
  • Sweet Home Central School District
  • Tonawanda City School District
  • West Seneca Central School District
  • Williamsville Central School District

Erie County Parks

Heritage Parks

Heritage Parks are the four original County Parks. These parks are superb examples of integrated sites with significant scenic, natural and historic significance. Each of the parks has unique, man-made structures of unmatched historical character and beauty, constructed as part of the WPA movement.[8]

Waterfront Parks

Waterfront Parks are key elements of the County Parks system, and include the significant sites along the County’s shoreline and linear parcels/recreational trail systems.

  • Bennett Beach Park
  • Isle View Park
  • Riverwalk Park
  • Wendt Beach Park

Conservation Parks

The primary purpose of these sites is for conservation of the natural environment, and nature-based outdoor recreation activities, and the lands are to generally remain in a natural state in perpetuity.

  • Beeman Creek Park
  • Boston Forest
  • Eighteen Mile Creek Park
  • Franklin Gulf Park
  • Hunters Creek Park
  • Scoby Dam Park

Special Purpose Parks

Special Purpose Parks are parks with unique characteristics, that fulfill a specific function within the recreation delivery system.

Forest Management Areas

Forest Management Areas are the former forest lots comprised primarily of plantation forests. Limited recreation potential in the form of trails or education on resource management is recognized for these lands, along with the potential for commercial resource management activities.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Smyczynski, Christine A. (2005). "Southern Erie County - "The Southtowns"". Western New York: From Niagara Falls and Southern Ontario to the Western Edge of the Finger Lakes. The Countryman Press. p. 136.  
  2. ^ New York County Formation Maps, accessed 7 December 2008.
  3. ^ The Burned-Over District: Evolution of County Boundaries. Oliver Cowdery Home Page, accessed 7 December 2008.
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. http://www.nr.nps.gov/.  
  5. ^ a b New York State Department of Economic Development
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  7. ^ Hansen, Robert (July 2005). "Research Brief:County Government Structure Update (vol. 3, no. 1)". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm?ContentID=17817. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  8. ^ Erie County Parks System Master Plan, 2004.

Coordinates: 42°45′N 78°47′W / 42.75°N 78.78°W / 42.75; -78.78


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
Erie County, New York
Map
File:Map of New York highlighting Erie County.png
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1821
Seat Buffalo
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 14.89%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

950265
Website: www.erie.gov

Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 950,265. The county seat is Buffalo. The county's name comes from Lake Erie, which in turn comes from the Erie tribe of Indians who lived south and east of the lake before 1654.

Contents

History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Erie County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. In turn, Genesee County was created from Ontario County in 1802, and Niagara County was created from Genesee County in 1808.

While Erie County was part of Ontario County, all of Erie County was in the Town of Montgomery of Ontario County. As part of Genesee County, all of Erie County was part of the Town of Batavia of Genesee County. Soon, for a time, Erie County was designated the now defunct Town of Erie.

Erie County was created from Niagara County in 1821. Prior to that time the area now within the county had been composed of the Town of Clarence and the Town of Willink, both of which had been created in Niagara County. Clarence comprised the northern lands of the current Erie county, and Willinck the southern part. Clarence still exists as a town, but Willink has been partitioned completely into other towns in the county. By 1821, both these towns had already begun subdividing to form the new towns of the county.

Geography

Erie County is in the western portion of New York State, bordering on the lake of the same name. It is the most populous county in New York State outside of the New York City metropolitan area.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,178 km² (1,227 sq mi). 2,704 km² (1,044 sq mi) of it is land and 473 km² (183 sq mi) of it (14.89%) is water. The northern border of the county is Tonawanda Creek. Part of the southern border is Cattaraugus Creek. Other major streams include Buffalo Creek (Buffalo River), Cayuga Creek, Cazenovia Creek, Scajaquada Creek, Eighteen Mile Creek and Ellicott Creek.

The county's northern half, including Buffalo and its suburbs, is relatively flat and rises gently up from the lake. The southern half is much hillier and is the northwesternmost foothills of the Appalachian Mountains.

The highest elevation in the county is a hill in the Town of Sardinia that tops out at around 1,940 feet (591 m) above sea level. The lowest ground is about 560 feet (171 m), on Grand Island at the Niagara River.

The Onondaga Escarpment runs through the northern part of Erie County.

Adjacent Counties

Major Highways



Rivers, streams, and lakes

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 950,265 people, 380,873 households, and 243,377 families residing in the county. The population density was 351/km² (910/sq mi). There were 415,868 housing units at an average density of 154/km² (398/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 82.18% White, 13.00% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. 3.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% were of German, 17.2% Polish, 14.9% Italian, 11.7% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 380,873 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.10% were non-families. 30.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,567, and the median income for a family was $49,490. Males had a median income of $38,703 versus $26,510 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,357. About 9.20% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities, Towns, Villages, and other locations

Map showing the municipalities of Erie County
  • label in parentheses refers to legal municipal designation.

Indian reservations

State Parks and lands

Information about Erie County

Erie County is home to the Buffalo Bills football team, the Sabres hockey team, the Buffalo Bandits lacrosse team, the Buffalo Bisons minor league baseball team, and the Buffalo Silverbacks, a basketball in the American Basketball League. The city also features a zoo, a botanical garden, a science museum, an historical museum, and the famous Albright-Knox Art Gallery.

The Erie County Fair, now called America's Fair, held every August in the Town of Hamburg, is the second largest fair in the country.

Plans to merge Erie County with the City of Buffalo have been suggested, which would eliminate much of the extensive bureaucracy and political and municipal subdivisions among the various towns, cities, and villages in the county. The result would be a consolidated city-county controlled by a single government, effectively making Buffalo's borders and population contiguous with Erie County's. These plans have proven very controversial; opposition has come from the rural villages on the borders of Erie County, which feel the plan would not benefit them, and the suburbs, which want to avoid the financial troubles of Buffalo and Erie County while simultaneously benefiting from the amenities of close proximity to a large population base. [1]

County Government

Executive Branch

County Legislature

  • Chairwoman Lynn Marinelli
  • Majority Leader Maria Whyte
  • Minority Leader John J. Mills
  • Legislator Daniel Kozub
  • Legislator Barbara Miller-Williams
  • Legislator Michael Ranzenhofer
  • Legislator Kathy Konst
  • Legislator Betty Jean Grant
  • Legislator Thomas Mazur
  • Legislator Cynthia Locklear
  • Legislator Michele Iannello
  • Legislator Robert Reynolds, Jr.
  • Legislator Barry A. Weinstein, MD
  • Legislator Thomas Loughran

Educational institutions

Many educational institutions include: Bryant and Stratton, Buffalo State College, Canisius College, Daemen College, D'Youville College, Erie Community College, Hilbert College, Houghton College, Medaille College, Trocaire College, University at Buffalo, and Villa Maria College.

School Districts

Main article: List of school districts in New York
  • Akron Central School District
  • Alden Central School District
  • Amherst Central School District
  • Buffalo City School District
  • Cheektowaga Central School District
  • Cheektowaga-Maryvale Union Free School District
  • Cheektowaga-Sloan Union Free School District (John F. Kennedy Middle/High School)
  • Clarence Central School District
  • Cleveland Hill Union Free School District
  • Depew Union Free School District
  • East Aurora Union Free School District
  • Eden Central School District
  • Evans-Brant Central School District (Lake Shore)
  • Frontier Central School District
  • Grand Island Central School District
  • Gowanda Central School District
  • Hamburg Central School District
  • Holland Central School District
  • Hopevale Union Free School District At Hamburg
  • Iroquois Central School District
  • Kenmore-Tonawanda Union Free School District
  • Lackawanna City School District
  • Lancaster Central School District
  • North Collins Central School District
  • Orchard Park Central School District
  • Springville-Griffith Institute Central School District
  • Sweet Home Central School District
  • Tonawanda City School District
  • West Seneca Central School District
  • Williamsville Central School District

External links

References

  1. ^ Hansen, Robert (July 2005). Research Brief:County Government Structure Update (vol. 3, no. 1). National Association of Counties. Retrieved on 2007-11-12.


Coordinates: 42°45′N 78°47′W / 42.75, -78.78


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Erie County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Erie County, New YorkRDF feed
County names Erie County, New York  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 New York  +
Short name Erie County  +

This article uses material from the "Erie County, New York" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message