The Full Wiki

Erinaceidae: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Erinaceomorpha[1]
Fossil range: Eocene–Recent
Erinaceus europaeus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Eutheria
Superorder: Laurasiatheria
Order: Erinaceomorpha
Gregory, 1910
Family: Erinaceidae
G. Fischer, 1814
Subfamilies & Genera

Erinaceidae is the only living family in the order of the Erinaceomorpha. It contains the well-known hedgehogs (subfamily Erinaceinae) of Eurasia and Africa and the gymnures or moonrats (subfamily Galericinae) of South-east Asia. This family was once considered part of the order Insectivora, but that polyphyletic order is now considered defunct.[1]

Contents

Characteristics

Erinaceids are generally shrew-like in form, with long snouts and short tails. They are, however, much larger than shrews, ranging from 10-15 cm in body length and 40-60 grams in weight, in the case of the Short-tailed Gymnure, up to 26-45 cm and 1-1.4 kilograms in the Greater Moonrat. All but one species have five toes in each foot, in some cases with strong claws for digging, and they have large eyes and ears. Hedgehogs possess hair modified into sharp spines to form a protective covering over the upper body and flanks, while gymnures have only normal hair. All species have anal scent glands, but these are far better developed in gymnures, which can have a powerful odor[2].

Erinaceids are omnivorous, with the major part of their diet consisting of insects, earthworms, and other small invertebrates. They also eat seeds and fruit, and occasionally bird's eggs, along with any carrion they come across. Their teeth are sharp and suited for impaling invertebrate prey. The dental formula for erinaceids is: Upper: 2-3.1.4.3, lower: 3.1.2-4.3

Hedgehogs are nocturnal, but gymnures are less so, and may be active during the day. Many species live in simple burrows, while others construct temporary nests on the surface from leaves and grass, or shelter in hollow logs or similar hiding places. Erinaceids are solitary animals outside the breeding season, and the father plays no role in raising the young[2].

Female erinaceids give birth after a gestation period of around six to seven weeks. The young are born blind and hairless, although hedgehogs begin to sprout their spines within 36 hours of birth.

Evolution

Erinaceids are a relatively primitive group of placental mammals, having changed little since their origin in the Eocene. The so-called 'giant hedgehog' (actually a gymnure) Deinogalerix, from the Miocene of Italy, was the size of a large rabbit, and may have eaten vertebrate prey or carrion, rather than insects[3].

Classification

There are 10 genera and 24 species of erinaceid.

References

  1. ^ a b Hutterer, Rainer (November 16, 2005). Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder. ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 212-219. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3. 
  2. ^ a b Wroot, Andrew (1984). Macdonald, D.. ed. The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. pp. 750–757. ISBN 0-87196-871-1. 
  3. ^ Savage, RJG, & Long, MR (1986). Mammal Evolution: an illustrated guide. New York: Facts on File. pp. 48–49. ISBN 0-8160-1194-X. 
Advertisements

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Erinaceidae

  1. (zoology) A taxonomic family, within order Insectivora - the hedgehogs etc.
Wikispecies-logo.svg
Wikispecies has information on:

Wikispecies

See also


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Erinaceomorpha
Familia: Erinaceidae
Subfamilia: Erinaceinae - Galericinae - †Incertae sedis

Name

Erinaceidae Fischer, 1817

References

  • Erinaceidae on Mammal species of the World.
    Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed).

Vernacular names

Česky: Ježkovití
Српски / Srpski: Јежеви, Ježevi
Deutsch: Igel
Esperanto: Erinaco
فارسی: جوجه‌تیغی
한국어: 고슴도치과
Hrvatski: Ježevi
Magyar: Sünfélék
日本語: ハリネズミ科
ไทย: เม่น
Türkçe: Kirpigiller
Українська: Їжакові
中文: 刺猬
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Erinaceidae on Wikimedia Commons.

Simple English

Erinaceomorpha
Fossil range: Eocene to Recent
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Eutheria
Superorder: Laurasiatheria
Order: Erinaceomorpha
Gregory, 1910
Family: Erinaceidae
G. Fischer, 1814
Subfamilies & Genera
  • Erinaceinae
    • Atelerix
    • Erinaceus
    • Hemiechinus
    • Mesechinus
    • Paraechinus
  • Galericinae
    • Echinosorex
    • Hylomys
    • Neohylomys
    • Neotetracus
    • Podogymnura

Erinaceidae is the only living family in the order of the Erinaceomorpha. It contains the well-known hedgehogs (subfamily Erinaceinae) of Eurasia and Africa and the gymnures or moonrats (subfamily Galericinae) of South-east Asia. This family was once in the order Insectivora, but that order is not used anymore.

Classification

There are 10 genera and 24 species of erinaceid.

  • ORDER ERINACEOMORPHA
    • Family Erinaceidae
      • Subfamily Erinaceinae (Hedgehogs)
        • Genus Atelerix
          • Four-toed Hedgehog, Atelerix albiventris
          • North African Hedgehog, Atelerix algirus
          • Southern African Hedgehog, Atelerix frontalis
          • Somali Hedgehog, Atelerix sclateri
        • Genus Erinaceus
          • Amur Hedgehog, Erinaceus amurensis
          • Southern White-breasted Hedgehog, Erinaceus concolor
          • West European Hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus
          • Northern White-breasted Hedgehog, Erinaceus roumanicus
        • Genus Hemiechinus
          • Long-eared Hedgehog, Hemiechinus auritus
          • Indian Long-eared Hedgehog, Hemiechinus collaris
        • Genus Mesechinus
          • Daurian Hedgehog, Mesechinus dauuricus
          • Hugh's Hedgehog, Mesechinus hughi
        • Genus Paraechinus
          • Desert Hedgehog, Paraechinus aethiopicus
          • Brandt's Hedgehog, Paraechinus hypomelas
          • Indian Hedgehog, Paraechinus micropus
          • Bare-bellied Hedgehog, Paraechinus nudiventris
      • Subfamily Galericinae (Gymnures, or Moonrats)
        • Genus Echinosorex
          • Greater Moonrat, Echinosorex gymnura
        • Genus Hylomys
          • Long-eared Gymnure, Hylomys megalotis
          • Dwarf Gymnure, Hylomys parvus
          • Short-tailed Gymnure or Lesser Moonrat, Hylomys suillus
        • Genus Neohylomys
          • Hainan Gymnure, Neonylomys hainanensis
        • Genus Neotetracus
          • Shrew Gymnure, Neotetracus sinensis
        • Genus Podogymnura
          • Dinagat Gymnure, Podogymnura aureospinula
          • Mindanao Gymnure, Podogymnura truei
Look up Erinaceidae in Wikispecies, a directory of species


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message