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Erlangen
Erlangen Castle is home to a large part of the university administration
Erlangen Castle is home to a large part of the university administration
Coat of arms of Erlangen
Erlangen is located in Germany
Erlangen
Coordinates 49°35′28″N 11°01′28″E / 49.59111°N 11.02444°E / 49.59111; 11.02444
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Middle Franconia
District Urban district
City subdivisions 20 Ortsteile
Lord Mayor Siegfried Balleis (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 76.90 km2 (29.69 sq mi)
Elevation 280 m  (919 ft)
Population 104,650  (31 December 2007)
 - Density 1,361 /km2 (3,525 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate ER
Postal codes 91001–91058
Area codes 09131,
0911 (OT Hüttendorf),
09132 (OT Neuses),
09135 (OT Dechsendorf)
Website www.erlangen.de
Erlangen around 1915

Erlangen is a Middle Franconian city in Bavaria, Germany. It is located at the confluence of the river Regnitz and its large tributary, the Untere Schwabach. Erlangen has more than 100,000 inhabitants.

Erlangen is today dominated by the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg and the numerous branch offices of Siemens AG, as well as a large Institute of the Fraunhofer Society. An event that still influences the city was the settlement of Huguenots after the withdrawal of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.

Contents

History

Erlangen was first mentioned officially in 1002 under the name of Villa Erlangon. In 1361, the village was sold to Emperor Karl IV. Three years later, a city was built close to the village, which in 1374 got its own coining station (mint). In 1398, the municipal rights were confirmed. In 1402, the city was vested to the House of Hohenzollern as part of the principality of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (from 1603 on Brandenburg-Bayreuth), staying under their rule until 1806. During the four year Napoleonic occupation, Erlangen was the capital of the so-called "Low County" (Unterland) of the principality, encompassing the area until Neustadt an der Aisch and separated from the "High County" (Oberland) by a land corridor. In 1810 it became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria, together with the rest of former Brandenburg-Bayreuth.

While being part of the Brandenburg-Bayreuth, the first French Huguenot refugees arrived in Erlangen in 1686. Christian Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, built a "new town" (Neustadt) for them. In 1706, the old town (just below the site of the annual Bergkirchweih) was almost completely destroyed by a fire, but soon rebuilt. In 1812, the old and new towns were merged into one.

In 1742, Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, founded a university for the residency town Bayreuth, but due to the rebelliousness of the local students, the university was transferred to Erlangen. Only later did it obtain the name of "Friedrich-Alexander-University" and become a Prussian state university. Famous students of these times were Johann Ludwig Tieck and Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder.

Already during the Bavarian municipal reform of 1818, the city was endowed with its own administration. In 1862, the canton administration Erlangen was founded, from which later arose the administrative district of Erlangen. In 1972, this district was merged with the administrative district of Höchstadt. Erlangen became the capital of this newly founded district Erlangen-Höchstadt. During this municipal reform, Erlangen was effectively enlarged considerably, so that by 1974, it had more than 100,000 inhabitants.

Points of interest

Bergkirchweih

The Bergkirchweih is an annual beer festival, similar to the Oktoberfest in Munich but smaller in scope, and therefore more intimate. It takes place during the twelve days before and after Pentecost, under the spring trees of the "Berg" a small craggy, wooded hill, with old caves(cellars) owned by local breweries. Around the door of the keller, the faithful of each brewery has its faithful drinkers, liter sized clay "krugs" in hand, at the reserved tables of wood, seating perhaps 10 or 20 friends.

The Bier Fest draws more than one million visitors each year. There are carnival rides of high tech quality, food stalls of every imaginable Franken dish, from bratwurst to roast-suckling pig, from cinnamon "burnt almonds" to giant chewy pretzels.

It is commonly known by local residents as the "Berchkärwa" (pronounced "bairch'-care-va") or simply the "Berch", as in "Gehma auf'm Berch?" ("Let's go to the mountain?").

This is outdoor event, packed with Franconians in various states of enjoyment and practically unknown by tourists.

Districts

  • Am Anger
  • Alterlangen
  • Bruck, pop. 20,000
  • [Büchenbach]
  • Burgberg
  • Dechsendorf
  • Eltersdorf, pop. around 3,200
  • Frauenaurach
  • Häusling
  • Hüttendorf
  • Innenstadt
  • Kosbach
  • Kriegenbrunn
  • Neusses
  • Röthelheim
  • Schallershof
  • Siedlung Sonnenblick
  • Sieglitzhof/Buckenhofer Siedlung
  • Steudach
  • Tennenlohe [2]

Historical population

Year Population
1495 292
1630 550
1752 7,939
1830 9,800
December 1, 1871¹ 12,500
December 1, 1890¹ 17,559
December 1, 1900¹ 22,953
December 1, 1910¹ 24,877
June 16, 1925¹ 29,597
June 16, 1933¹ 32,348
May 17, 1939¹ 35,964
September 13, 1950¹ 50,690
June 16, 1961¹ 69,552
May 27, 1970¹ 84,110
June 20, 1975 100,700
June 30, 1980 100,900
June 30, 1985 100,000
May 27, 1987¹ 99,808
June 30, 1997 100,700
December 31, 1997 100,330
December 31, 1998 100,775
December 31, 1999 100,750
December 31, 2000 100,778
December 31, 2001 101,912
December 31, 2002 102,198
December 31, 2003 102,449
December 31, 2004 102,627
December 31, 2005 103,426

Historical mayors of Erlangen

  • 1818–1827: Johann Sigmund Lindner
  • 1828–1855: Johann Wolfgang Ferdinand Lammers
  • 1855–1865: Carl Wolfgang Knoch
  • 1866–1872: Heinrich August Papellier
  • 1872–1877: Johann Edmund Reichold
  • 1878–1880: Friedrich Scharf
  • 1881–1892: Georg Ritter von Schuh
  • 1892–1929: Theodor Klippel
  • 1929–1934: Hans Flierl
  • 1934–1944: Alfred Groß (NSDAP)
  • 1944–1945: Herbert Ohly (NSDAP)
  • 1945–1946: Anton Hammerbacher (SPD)
  • 1946–1959: Michael Poeschke (SPD)
  • 1959–1972: Heinrich Lades (CSU)
  • 1972–1996: Dietmar Hahlweg (SPD)
  • 1996–present: Siegfried Balleis (CSU)

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Erlangen is twinned with several cities:

Further partnerships

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Erlangen [1] is a city in Bavaria, Germany. Home to the Friedrich-Alexander University and the Siemens company.

Understand

One third of the residents are involved with the university (students, reseachers etc.), and another third work for Siemens.

Medicine is one of the specialities of the University, so you are in luck if you fall ill with over six clinics located within the city.

Get in

By train

Trains runs regularly from Nuremberg and take about 20 min. Bamberg is about 30 min away in the other direction. Most ICE trains between Munich and Berlin stop in Erlangen.

Tourist information

The tourist office is located in the center of the city, just next to the City Hall (Rathaus). They also have a Twitter account [2]. You can find almost everything regarding Erlangen in this [3] portal.

Overview map of Erlangen
Overview map of Erlangen

By public transport

The local buses [4] have a frequent and punctual schedule connecting all areas in and around Erlangen.

By taxi

There are a lot of taxi companies available throughout the city that are available 24/7.

By bycicle

Bycicle is most probably the first choice of people, due to the very well organised bicycle roads and the small distances that have to be covered, to get around the city. Even if you cannot have your own bicycle in Erlangen, you can rent one at various local bicycle shops or at the main train station.

On foot

In the heart of the city, everything is in a walking distance and there are a lot of pedestrian-only areas.

See

For a full list of museums, exhibitions and events in Erlangen check here [5] and select Mittelfranken.

  • Schlossgarten, large green area surrounded by University buildings.
  • Hugenotten church [6]
  • City Museum.
  • Martin Luther Church [7], just next to the City Museum
  • Städtische Galerie [8]
  • Botanischer Garten [9], worth visiting with plants and trees from all over the world. Tip: Every first Sunday of the month you can visit a cave located in the Garden [10]
  • Fine Art Ceramics [11]
  • Photo Atelier [12]
  • House of Art [13]
  • Siemens AG Medical Solutions Museum [14]

Do

Events

You can find a lot of cultural events running through out the year in the Stadtverband der Erlanger Kulturvereine e.V. [15]

  • Bergkirchweih [16]: Held every Pentecost (Whitsuntide) for twelve days every year. Similar to Oktoberfest, but more German owing to the absence of tourists. In the year 2005 it marked its 250th anniversary.
  • International Comic Salon Erlangen [17]: Held every two years. The paradise of comics fans.
  • International Figure Theater Festival [18]: Held every year.
  • International Film Festival for Horror, Thriller, Science Fiction and Obscure Films [19]: Held every May in the Manhattan[20] cinema.
  • Poetry Festival [21]: Held every year.
  • Summer Nights Film Festival [22]
  • Arena Festival [23]
  • International Jazz Workshop Erlangen [24]
  • Jazzband-Ball [25]
  • Classical music by the lake [26]: Held every summer.
  • Stummfilm-Musiktage [27]: Germany's most beautiful silent film festival with live music.
  • Gemeinnütziger Theater- und Konzertverein Erlangen e.V. (gVe) [28]. Local non-profit Union that organizes theater shows and classical concerts all year round.
  • Stadttheater Erlangen [29]. 3 different stages, among them the Markgrafentheater, which is the oldest Baroque theater in Southern Germany - built in 1719. It is worth visiting, even if you don't understand German at all.
  • Theaterverein Fifty-Fifty e.V. [30]. Cabaret, theater and music stage.
  • There are a couple of swimming pools in the city open for the public. You can find opening times and prices (in German) here [31].
  • There is a golf place 15kms away to the east [32].
  • Nürnberger Straße, south of the main post office, is lined with a selection of shopping opportunities.
  • Musica [33], music records and books.
  • 9 [34], comics shop.
  • Mitbringsel [35], you can get a lot of gift ideas. In the same style also Der feine Laden [36] and Galerie am Eck [37]
  • Prachtstück [38], jewellery, pearls, workshops.
  • Leonidas pralines [39], chocolates and more.
  • Wassermann Floristik [40], flowers.
  • Prahse Antik [41], antique furniture.
  • Messer Massari [42], japanese knives.

Eat

The region is famous for the number and charm of its beer gardens, where in summer you can enjoy a cool drink and a bite to eat (Brotzeit = German equivalent of a picnic) whilst enjoying traditional music.

  • Döner shops all along the Hauptstraße.
  • TiO [43]. Just across Arcaden, only 5 minutes walk from the main train station.
  • Steinbach Bräu [44], it is hidden in the alleys of the city in the northern part, so tourists cannot easily find it. Traditional German food with fresh beer along.
  • BräuSchänke [45], located near the center of the city. Traditional German food and beer from the local brewery Kitzmann [46].
  • Unicum [47], located at the Rothelheimpark to the east of the city. During summers, the beatiful Biergarten is open.
  • Elements [48]. Restaurant, lounge, stage, living room.
  • Goldene Harfe [49].
  • Lennox steak + seafood [50]. Just next to the Martin Luther square (and church).
  • Mein lieber Schwan [51].
  • Zen [52]. Bar and Thai restaurant. Impressive building and interior. Located at the Theaterplatz.

Drink

Murphy's Law [53] - Irish pub in Lorlebergplatz - has great chicken and mushroom pie.

You can play darts and eat fish and chips at the Dartmoor Inn [54].

Havana [55]. Bar serving mainly cocktails.

Lorleberg Café [56]. Coffee place at the homonym Square.

Sax [57]. Meeting point of many locals for coffee and small dishes. Located directly at the Erlanger Schloss, nowadays the administration building of the Erlangen University.

Wheelers [58]. Another Irish pub.

  • E-Werk [59] often has stuff happening.
  • Strohalm [60]
  • Hörsaal [61]. Hörsaal in German means lecture hall, so you can imagine that students visit it often.
  • Paisley [62]. House music, frequent events.
  • Zirkel [63]. The one and only (student) Disco in Erlangen.
  • AB Hotel [64] very close to the Theaterplatz in the center of the city. Quiet and clean, with free WLAN.
  • Youth hostel Südliche Stadtmauerstraße 35, +49 9131 862555, Fax:+49 9131 862119. DJH hostel. Preference given to under 26-year-olds. In the Freizeitzentrum, where you will also find a pool etc.
  • Gasthof Schwarzer Bär [65] Innere Brucker Straße 19 (one block south of the train station), +49 9131 22872, Fax:+49 9131 206494. Single room with shower/shared €30/26; double with shower/shared €47/36; three-bed room with shower €62.
  • Hotelchen Garni am Theater [66] as the name says, it is located in the Theater area of the city.
  • Altmanns Stube [67]. Elegant hotel in Theaterplatz with a restaurant also.
  • Hotel grauer Wolf [68]. Cannot get any closer to the center of the city. It incorporates a gourmet restaurant also.
  • Rokokohaus [69]. Exquisite hotel.

Get out

There are many interesting and charming destinations for sightseeing and day trips (or longer) in the Erlangen region. The surrounding countryside is beautiful (Franconian Switzerland, Franconian lake district) and there are many towns and villages of historical and architectural interest.

Routes through Erlangen
FrankfurtWürzburg  NW noframe SE  NurembergRegensburg
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ERLANGEN, a town of Germany, in the kingdom of Bavaria, on a fertile plain, at the confluence of the Schwabach and the Regnitz, 11 m. N.W. of Nuremberg, on the railway from Munich to Bamberg. Pop. (1905) 23,7 20. It is divided into an old and a new town, the latter consisting of wide, straight and well-built streets. The market place is a fine square. Upon it stand the town-hall and the former palace of the margraves of Bayreuth, now the main building of the university. The latter was founded by the margrave Frederick (d. 1763), who, in 1742, established a university at Bayreuth, but in 1743 removed it to Erlangen. A statue of the founder, erected in 1843 by King Louis I. of Bavaria, stands in the centre of the square and faces the university buildings. The university has faculties of philosophy, law, medicine and Protestant theology. Connected with it are a library of over 200,000 volumes, geological, anatomical and mineralogical institutions, a hospital, several clinical establishments, laboratories and a botanical garden. Among the churches of the town (six Protestant and one Roman Catholic), only the new town church, with a spire 220 ft. high, is remarkable. The chief industries of Erlangen are spinning and weaving, and the manufacture of glass, paper, brushes and gloves. The brewing industry is also important, the beer of Erlangen being famous throughout Germany and large quantities being exported.

Erlangen owes the foundation of its prosperity chiefly to the French Protestant refugees who settled here on the revocation of the edict of Nantes and introduced various manufactures. In 1017 the place was transferred from the bishopric of Wiirzburg to that of Bamberg; in 1361 it was sold to the king of Bohemia. It became a town in 1398 and passed into the hands of the Hohenzollerns, burgraves of Nuremberg, in 1416. There for nearly three centuries it was the property of the margraves of Bayreuth, being ceded with the rest of Bayreuth to Prussia in 1791. In 18ro it came into the possession of Bavaria. Erlangen was for many years the residence of the poet Friedrich Ruckert, and of the philosophers Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Wilhelm von Schnelling.

See Stein and Muller, Die Geschichte von Erlangen (1898).


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

German

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Wikipedia

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Erlangen

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Proper noun

Erlangen

  1. Erlangen (independent city in Bavaria, Germany)

Simple English

Erlangen

Erlangen
Coordinates 49°35′28″N 11°01′28″E / 49.59111°N 11.02444°E / 49.59111; 11.02444
Administration
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Middle Franconia
District Urban district
City subdivisions 20 Ortsteile
Lord Mayor Siegfried Balleis (CSU)
Basic statistics
Area 76.90 km2 (29.69 sq mi)
Elevation 280 m  (919 ft)
Population 103,869  (30 June 2006)
 - Density 1,351 /km2 (3,498 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate ER
Postal codes 91001 – 91058
Area codes 09131,
0911 (OT Hüttendorf),
09132 (OT Neuses),
09135 (OT Dechsendorf)
Website www.erlangen.de

Erlangen is a German city in the state of Bavaria. It has about 103,000 inhabitants. Erlangen is near to Nuremberg (Nürnberg). Both cities share the University Erlangen-Nürnberg.

frr:Erlangen








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