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Erlangen-Höchstadt
Bavaria erh.png
Map of Bavaria highlighting the district of Erlangen-Höchstadt
State Bavaria
Adm. region Mittelfranken
Region Industrieregion Mittelfranken
District seat Erlangen
Area 565 km²
Population 128,900 (2000)
Pop. density 228 /km²
Licence plate code ERH
Web page erlangen-hoechstadt.de

Erlangen-Höchstadt is a district in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the south and clockwise) the districts of Fürth, Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim, Bamberg, Forchheim and Nürnberger Land, and by the cities of Nuremberg and Erlangen. The city of Erlangen is not part of the district, but nonetheless its administrative seat.

Contents

History

Waterwheel in the Regnitz near Möhrendorf.

The earliest extant documents are drawings from 1413 which show water wheels along the Regnitz. The first (1449–1450) and second (1552–1555) Margrave wars, Brandenburg versus Nuremberg, devastated the countryside.

In 1715 a lock was placed in the Regnitz river at Hemhofen. The highpoint of waterwheel usage was in the early 1800s when more than 190 were in use between Fuerth and Forchheim.

The district was established in 1972 by merging the former districts of Erlangen and Höchstadt.

Geography

The main river is the Regnitz, which runs through the city of Erlangen. Lands west of the river are covered with several hundred tiny lakes on both sides of the Aisch. The Aisch is an affluent of the Regnitz, running from southwest to east. East of the river the country is rising to the hills of the northern Frankish Alb.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms The coat of arms displays:
  • the lion of the clerical state of Bamberg, which ruled the district's western half until 1802
  • the red and white border of the right half is taken from the arms of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (see Bayreuth)
  • the blue and gold colours of the right half are identical to the heraldic colours of Nuremberg
  • the image in the right half symbolises a watermill on the river Regnitz

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Baiersdorf
  2. Herzogenaurach
  3. Höchstadt
  1. Adelsdorf
  2. Aurachtal
  3. Bubenreuth
  4. Buckenhof
  5. Eckental
  6. Gremsdorf
  7. Großenseebach
  8. Hemhofen
  9. Heroldsberg
  10. Heßdorf
  11. Kalchreuth
  1. Lonnerstadt
  2. Marloffstein
  3. Möhrendorf
  4. Mühlhausen
  5. Oberreichenbach
  6. Röttenbach
  7. Spardorf
  8. Uttenreuth
  9. Vestenbergsgreuth
  10. Wachenroth
  11. Weisendorf

External links

Coordinates: 49°40′N 10°50′E / 49.67°N 10.83°E / 49.67; 10.83

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