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Ermita
Location of Ermita in Manila's 5th legislative district
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
City Manila
Congressional districts Part of the 5th district of Manila
Barangays 13
Area
 - Total 1.59 km2 (0.61 sq mi)
Population (2007[1])
 - Total 6,205
 - Density 3,902.5/km2 (10,107.5/sq mi)
This page is about a place in the Philippines, for the novel, see Ermita (novel).

Ermita is a district of Manila, Philippines located halfway between Intramuros (the old walled city) and Malate.

Contents

History

Ermita was founded in the late 16th century. The name was taken from the Spanish word for "hermitage", after the fact that on this site was built a hermitage housing an image of the Virgin Mary known as the Nuestra Señora de Guia (Our Lady of Guidance). The hermitage has since evolved into Ermita Church, which has been rebuilt several times since the early 17th century. [2]

Ermita gained renewed prominence during the American colonial period. It became known as the university district, containing the campuses of the University of the Philippines, the Ateneo de Manila, the Assumption College and the St. Paul College for girls. Dormitories for students also flourished in the area. The residential portion of Ermita was populated by American residents, who set up such establishments as the Army and Navy Club, and the University Club. [3]

During the 1945 Battle of Manila, Ermita was the scene of some of the most horrific massacres that occurred during the month of February, 1945. The wife and four children of future President Elpidio Quirino were murdered in Ermita, as was Supreme Court Associate Justice Anacleto Diaz. Between 68% to 85% of Ermita was destroyed during the Battle of Manila, with an estimated total of 100,000 Filipino civilians killed in the city itself. [4]

Ermita was rebuilt after the devastation of the war. University life remained vibrant therein. However, as decades passed, Ermita started earning a reputation as the red-light district of Manila. During the term of Mayor Alfredo Lim, an effort was made to "clean up" Ermita, helping improve its reputation since then. However, a local city ordinance prohibiting the establishment, on grounds of public morality, of motels, lodging houses and other similar establishments, was later declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.[5] As a result of the clean-up efforts, nightlife in the area dwindled though it has picked up of late with the help of the emergence of the nearby Malate district and the Roxas Blvd. Baywalk area in the nightlife scene. Since 2001 there has been a resurgence of prostitution in Ermita, led by the infamous freelancer bar LA Cafe. So-called Karaoke bars (KTV) operated by Korean and Japanese nationals, have lured thousands of women into prostitution and it remains the Philippines second largest center for prostitution after the infamous Angeles City to the north of the capital.

Ermiteño was a Spanish-creole that was spoken in Ermita, and lingua franca in the neighbourhood until the end of WWII. It is believed to be extinct today.

Sites of interest

Façade of the Department of Tourism

Several government institutions are housed in Ermita, including the

and other offices found along the old government circle designed during the American era by architect and urban planner Daniel Burnham, such as the

Other sites of interest in Ermita include the

A number of educational institutions are also found in Ermita, including the

Ermita also hosts a number of coin shops and antique shops.

Prostitution is centralized around the 'Karaoke bars' and 'Cafes' of M.H.Del Pilar street. Despite efforts of the government to litigate the perpetrators, sex tourism is still a huge source of revenue in the local area.

Barangays

Zone 71: 659, 659-A, 660, 660-A, 661, 663, 663-A, 664
Zone 72: 666, 667, 668, 669, 670

Barangays of Ermita
Name Population[1]
Barangay 659 &0000000000000499.000000499
Barangay 659-A &0000000000000369.000000369
Barangay 660 &0000000000000682.000000682
Barangay 660-A &0000000000000691.000000691
Barangay 661 &0000000000000220.000000220
Barangay 663 &0000000000000477.000000477
Barangay 663-A &0000000000000377.000000377
Barangay 664 &0000000000000292.000000292
Barangay 666 &0000000000000191.000000191
Barangay 667 &0000000000001160.0000001,160
Barangay 668 &0000000000000702.000000702
Barangay 669 &0000000000000290.000000290
Barangay 670 &0000000000000255.000000255

References

  • Aluit, Alfonso (1994). "The Christian City". By Sword and Fire: The Destruction of Manila in World War II 3 February - 3 March 1945. Philippines: National Commission for Culture and the Arts. pp. 85–89. ISBN 971-8521-10-0.  
  1. ^ a b Final Results - 2007 Census of Population
  2. ^ By Sword and Fire: The Destruction of Manila in World War II 3 February - 3 March 1945, p. 85-86
  3. ^ By Sword and Fire: The Destruction of Manila in World War II 3 February - 3 March 1945, p. 89
  4. ^ By Sword and Fire: The Destruction of Manila in World War II 3 February - 3 March 1945, p. 405
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Branch Offices Southeast Asia." China Airlines. Retrieved on June 18, 2009.

Coordinates: 14°34′59″N 120°58′59″E / 14.583°N 120.983°E / 14.583; 120.983








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