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Ernst Bauer
3 January 1914(1914-01-03) – 12 March 1988 (aged 74)
Nickname "Dwarf"
Place of birth Fürth
Place of death Westerland auf Sylt
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany (to 1945)
West Germany West Germany
Service/branch  Kriegsmarine
 German Federal Navy
Years of service 1933 – 1945, 1955 – 1972
Rank Korvettenkapitän (Kriegsmarine)
Kapitän zur See (Bundesmarine)
Commands held U-120
26. Unterseebootflottille
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Captain Ernst Bauer (3 January 1914 – 12 March 1988) was a German U-boat commander of the Second World War. Bauer was one of the U-boat commanders who picked up crew of the German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis, which had been sunk at sea.

Military career

Ernst Bauer joined the Kriegsmarine on 23 September 1933. Promoted to Leutnant zur See on 1 October 1936, he volunteered for service in the U-board arm in January 1938 after one year of training on the light cruiser SMS Königsberg. He became a watch officer on U-20 and U-37 before taking command of U-120. He turned over command in November 1940 and took over command of U-126 on 1 March 1941. He conducted five combat patrols into the Caribbean Sea and African waters.



  1. ^ a b c d Busch and Röll 2003, p. 200.
  2. ^ Busch and Röll 2003, p. 201.
  • Busch, Rainer & Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939-1945 - Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 3-8132-0515-0.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945 (in German). Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Schiffer Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-88740-748-X.
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine (in German). Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-87943-355-0.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
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