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Ernst Schröder
Born 27 January 1915(1915-01-27)
Herne, Germany
Died 26 July 1994 (aged 79)
Berlin, Germany
Years active 1934–1992

Ernst Schröder (27 January 1915–26 July 1994) was a popular German theatre, film and TV actor.

Contents

Life

Born in Herne, Schroeder began his acting career at the nearby Bochum Theatre in 1934, under the legendary director Saladin Schmitt. He worked there until 1936, also working as Assistant Director and Stage Designer. After working at Bielefeld and Wuppertal, he moved to the Schiller Theatre in Berlin in 1938, which became his artistic home and the location of his greatest triumphs, particularly after World War II.

During the war he served briefly in the army, was wounded, and returned to the Schiller Theatre in 1942. When in 1944 the theatre was closed, he returned to serve in the army, and ended the war in Italy as a prisoner. He returned to the theatre in 1946 and rapidly re-established his reputation.

He was a member of the jury at the 7th Berlin International Film Festival in 1957.[1]

He was considered one of the greatest character actors of the German theatre, enjoying larger than life roles. He was frequently compared with the pre-war star Heinrich George. In addition, he frequently acted in Zurich and Munich. Although he concentrated on stage work, both as actor and director, he occasionally appeared in film roles, most notably as German General Hans von Salmuth in the 1962 film The Longest Day.

He achieved broader popularity in the 1970s, appearing more frequently on television, particularly in crime shows like Derrick and Der Alte.

In 1980, his daughter, the actress Christiane Schroeder (18 January 1942–17 September 1980), committed suicide by jumping off the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco.

In 1981 he staged a production of Shakespeare's King Lear at the Bad Hersfeld Festival. At the end of the 1980s he returned to television in the role of 'Lauritz Lorentz' in the series of Lorentz und Söhne (Lorentz and Sons).

In 1991-92 he appeared as the narrator in a dramatised radio version of The Lord of the Rings.

Throughout his career Schroeder also dubbed the voices of popular English-speaking actors into German. Amongst others, he provided the voices for Charles Boyer, James Cagney, William Conrad, Rex Harrison, Herbert Lom, Spencer Tracy, and Peter Ustinov.

At the age of 79 Schroeder was diagnosed with cancer at a Berlin hospital. He committed suicide on 26 July 1994 by jumping out of a window.

Theatre

Year Role Title Author Director Notes
1937/38 Clavigo Clavigo Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
1938/39 Prinz Heinrich Konig Heinrich IV William Shakespeare Ernst Legal
1946 Karl Moor Die Räuber Friedrich Schiller Walter Felsenstein
1946 - Fraulein Julie August Strindberg Ernst Schröder
1946 - Boubouroche Georges Courteline Ernst Schröder
1948 Title role Caligula Albert Camus
1950 Domingo Don Carlos Friedrich Schiller Fritz Kortner
1952 Mephisto Urfaust Goethe Willi Schmidt
1953 Karl Moor Die Räuber Friedrich Schiller Hans Lietzau
1953 Title role Tartuffe Molière O.F. Schuh
1954 Dorfrichter Adam Der zerbrochene Krug Heinrich von Kleist O.F. Schuh
1954 Wladimir Warten auf Godot Samuel Beckett. Fritz Kortner with Heinz Rühmann
1958 Title role Richard III Shakespeare Leopold Lindtberg
1958 Schmitzi Biedermann und die Brandstifter Max Frisch Oskar Wälterlin
1961 Der alte Sedemund Die Echten Sedemunds Ernst Barlach Hans Lietzau
1961 Lehrer Andorra Max Frisch Kurt Hirschfeld World premiere
1962 Staatsanwalt Graf Öderland Max Frisch Hans Lietzau
1963 Herkules und der Stall des Augias Friedrich Dürrenmatt World premiere
1964 Christian Maske, 1913 Carl Sternheim
1964 Marquis de Sade Marat/Sade Peter Weiss Konrad Swinarski World premiere
1965 Prisipkin Die Wanze Wladimir Majakowski Konrad Swinarski
1966 Mephisto Faust II Goethe Ernst Schröder
1967 Hamm Endspiel Samuel Beckett Samuel Beckett
1967 Bockelson Die Wiedertaufer Friedrich Dürrenmatt Werner Düggelin World premiere
1968 Vater Die Trauung Witold Gombrowicz Ernst Schröder
1973 Title role Lear Edward Bond Hans Lietzau
1983 Moritz Meister Über Allen Gipfeln Ist Ruh Thomas Bernhard Kurt Hübner Volksbühne production

Filmography

Year Role Title Director Also Starring
1941 Adrian Krüger Ohm Krüger Hans Steinhoff Emil Jannings
1949 The Last Illusion
1952 Unter den tausend Laternen
1953 Olaf Kastner The Man Between Carol Reed James Mason and Hildegard Knef
1955 Jellinek Liebe Ohne Illusion Erich Engel Sonja Ziemann and Curd Jürgens
1956 - Anastasia : Die letzte Zarentochter Falk Harnack Lilli Palmer and Ivan Desny
1957 Dr. Gustav Stresemann Stresemann Alfred Braun Anouk Aimée and Wolfgang Preiss
1958 Friedrich Karl Möbius Der Eiserne Gustav George Hurdalek Heinz Rühmann and Lucie Mannheim
1960 Hauptmann Kühn Mein Schulfreund Robert Siodmak Heinz Rühmann and Loni von Friedl
1964 Gen. Hans von Salmuth The Longest Day Ken Annakin, Andrew Martin, Bernhard Wicki and Darryl F. Zanuck John Wayne and Robert Mitchum
1964 Chefarzt Die Todesstrahlen des Dr. Mabuse Hugo Fregonese
1965 Herr Sesemann Heidi Werner Jacobs Gustav Knuth as Großvater
1974 Werner Deilman The Odessa File Ronald Neame Jon Voight, Maximilian Schell and Maria Schell

Television

Year Role Title Author Director Also Starring
1960 Maximilian Friedrich Korbes Abendstunde im Spatherbst Rudolf Noelte
1962 Galileo Galilei Leben Des Galilei Bertolt Brecht Egon Monk
1962 Von Wehrhahn Der Biberpelz Gerhart Hauptmann John Olden Inge Meysel
1978 - Die Eingesschlossenen Jean-Paul Sartre Pinkas Braun Judy Winter and Uwe Friedrichsen
1984 Sir Wilmot Mrs. Harris - Freund mit Rolls Royce Georg Tressler Inge Meysel, Edith Volkmann and Eberhard Feik
1988 Lauritz Lorentz Lorentz & Söhne Claus Peter Witt Heli Finkenzeller, Hans Korte and Gerd Baltus
1991 Melkovic Rochade Peter Patzak Michael York and Iris Berben

References

External links

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