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Erode(ஈரோடு)
Loom-City
Textile City, Turmeric City, Loom-City
Erode(ஈரோடு)
Location of Erode(ஈரோடு)
in Tamil Nadu and India
Coordinates 11°21′00″N 77°44′00″E / 11.35°N 77.7333333°E / 11.35; 77.7333333
Country  India
Region Western Tamil Nadu (Kongu Nadu)
State Tamil Nadu
District(s) Erode District
Subdistrict Erode(Urban), Bhavani, Perundurai
Founded as Municipality 1871
Mayor K. Kumar Murugesh
City Commissioner K.R.Selvaraj
Commissioner of Police Sonal V. Misra
Parliamentary constituency Erode
Assembly constituency Erode(West), Erode(East)
Planning Agency EMC
Population
Density
Metro
644,782 (2007)
583 /km2 (1,510 /sq mi)
1,025,707 (2007)
Literacy 76%
Official languages Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Metro
Elevation
70.8 km2 (27 sq mi)
270.14 km2 (104 sq mi)
183 m (600 ft)
Climate
Precipitation
Temperature
• Summer
• Winter
Tropical climate (Köppen)
     1,050 mm (41.3 in)
     28 °C (82 °F)
     34.3 °C (94 °F)
     24 °C (75 °F)
Website http://erodecorp.tn.gov.in/

Erode (Tamil: ஈரோடு) (pronounced as Eerodu) is a City urban agglomeration, a Municipal Corporation and head quarters of the Erode District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

It is situated at the Center of South Indian Peninsula, on the banks of the River Cauvery and Bhavani, between 11 ° 19.5" and 11 ° 81.05" North latitude and 77 ° 42.5" and 77 ° 44.5" East latitude. It is Located on the Western Banks of the River Cauvery, while its Twin City, Pallipalayam is on the Eastern Banks of the River.

According to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Erode is the fastest growing urban region in South India[1]. Erode is well known for handloom, powerloom textile products and readymade garments and hence it is called Loom City Of India. Products such as cotton sarees, bed spreads, carpets, lungies, printed fabrics, towels, dhotis are marketed here in bulk. It has also been nicknamed as 'Manjal Maanagaram (Turmeric city) and Javuli Thalainagaram. (Textile city)

The Erode Municipality which was first constituted in 1871, was upgraded from selection grade Municipality to special grade Municipality with effect from 1 March 1980 and later to City Municipal Corporation on 1 January 1980.

Contents

Demographics

As of 2001, the Indian census[2] indicates that Erode had a population of 151,184. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Erode has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 72%. In Erode, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Etymology

Mordern historians contend that Erode has its origin in Tamil Eru Odai meaning two streams[citation needed]. This claim is based on the existence of two water courses, Perumpallam in Surampatti and Kalingarayan in Brahmana Periya Agraharam and Kasipalayam, themselves different neighboring villages (municipalities now) distinct outside the border of the old Erode village's boundaries.[citation needed]. There are no streams in the original township.

But according to the legends, Dakshaprajapathi, father-in-law of Shiva, conducted a yaga for which Shiva was not invited. However, his wife, Dakshayini came against the wishes of her husband. However, Dakshayini was heart-broken as she was not welcomed by her parents. She threw herself to the fire in the Yaga kundam and burnt to ashes. On hearing this, Shiva got enraged and severed the fifth head of Brahma. Due to the Brahmahatyadosham, the skull remained stuck to Siva's palm. He roamed throughout India and only when he arrived at Erode, the skull crashed and formed the Kapala Tirtham. The holy water of Kapala Tirtham can be found today at Arudra Kapaleeswarar Koil temple (to the left of the presiding deity in the form of a well) in Erode. This is also attested by the Bhairava Puranam. This is ratified by the presence of the place names where the other bits of skull shattered around, Vellodu (lit. white skull), Perodu (lit. big skull) and Chittodu (lit. small skull) which are located around Erode.

Vaishnavite theory states it is related to the shell of the Kurma Vishnu which fell at the spot.

Kaveri river near the City

History

Erode was under the regime of local Gangakulam kings forming indegenous Chera kings and Western Ganga Dynasty. After a short rule of Cholas with Dharapuram as their Headquarters, Muslims (Modeen Sulthans) took over the rule after which Nayaks of Madurai ruled.

Hyder Ali's Regime Then Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan, with occasionally rebelling polygar Dheeran Chinnamalai had their sway. In 1799, when Tippu Sultan lost to the British, the East India Company took over the administration after hanging Dheeran Chinnamalai.

During Hyder Ali's regime, Erode flourished with 300 houses and a population of 1500[citation needed]. A mud fort, with a garrison of 4000 soldiers surrounded by coconut groves and fertile lands formed the boundary with river Kaveri on the north and Kalingarayanpalayam channel as the eastward boundary (by Bucchanan 7th and 8 November 1800).

Owing to the successive wars of Marathas, Mysore and British invasions, Erode almost was deserted and ruined. However, as peace was restored by the British, people returned and settled here. Within a year it began to show growth.

The garrison withdrew in 1807, and the ruined fort at the centre of the city was leveled as a relief work during the famine of 1877. The place enclosed within the rampart was occupied by houses.

Erode District was a part of Coimbatore and has its history intervened with Coimbatore district. Together with Coimbatore district, Erode formed part of the ancient Kongu country known as Kongu Nadu, whose history dates back to the Sangam era. It is found that in the early days, this area was occupied by tribes, most prominent among them being the "Kosars" reportedly having their headquarters at 'Kosamputhur' which is believed to have in due course become Coimbatore. These tribes were overpowered by the Rashtrakutas from whom the region fell into the hands of the Cholas who ruled supreme during the time of Raja Raja Chola. On the decline of Cholas, the Kongunadu came to be occupied by the Chalukyas and later by the Pandyas and Hoysalas.

Projected Population

Year Population Type Source
1991 345,772 census official
2001 444,662 census official
2009 491,603 census [3]
no. Domain Population Rank Rank in UA Source
1 World n/a n/a n/a
2 Asia 420 390 [4][5]
3 India 81 70 [6][7]
4 Tamil Nadu 6 5 [8][9]

Administration

Erode city is administrated by Erode Municipal Corporation, with Six Zones and 99 Wards[citation needed]. It also serves as the headquarters of the district with the same name (Erode District). The city has one Member of Parliament constituency. The city is headed by a Mayor, the Deputy Mayor and several councillors representing the administrative wards; as well as a corporation Commissioner of the rank of IAS to administer the city. The district is headed by the District Collector of the rank of IAS. The District court is the highest court of appeal in Erode.

Typical streetlife in the business center - Town Hall Clock Tower near PS Park

Erode Municipal Corporation is surrounded by,

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Police Force

The city's police force is headed by a Superintendent of police (SP). This post will soon be replaced by a City Police Commissioner in the rank of Inspector General (IG) of Police.[citation needed] The initiatives of the district police include a portal for accident prone places through google maps, the mobile phone number of the Highway patrol, Streaming videos of important Signals in Erode city, Police Stations in Erode City, Accident Charts.

Type Zone Station
Revenue North City Central, PS Park, Karungalpalayam, Veerappan Chatram, Pallipalayam, SPB colony
Revenue South Surampatti, Solar, Taluk, Railway Junction, Thindal, Sampath Nagar
Revenue Bhavani Bhavani, Chithode, BP Agraharam, Komarapalayam, Kalingarayanpalayam
Revenue Perundurai Perundurai, SIPCOT(SEZ), Nasiyanur, Vellode, Kanjikoil
Traffic North Central Bus Terminus, Veerappan Chatram
Traffic South Junction Railway Station, Surampatti
Traffic Bhavani Bhavani, Lakshmi Nagar, Komarapalayam
Traffic Perundurai Perundurai, Medical College, SIPCOT
Highway Patrol NH-47 Bhavani, Chithode, Nasiyanur, Perundurai

Direction Compass

Tourism

Places of Interest

Spot Speciality Location Central (km) Junction (km) Solar (km) Thindal (km) Bhavani (km)
Thanthai Periyar Memorial House Sociological Museum E.V.R. Road, Town 4 2 4 9 15
V.O.Chidambaram Park Entertainment, Zoological Park, Exhibition Grounds, Sports Stadium Veerappan Chathram 1 4 8 9 12
Thindal Malai Murugan Temple - a model of Birla Mandir Thindal 7 8 12 1 12
Kongu Tirupati Perumal Temple - a model of Tirumala-Tirupathi SPB Colony 6 9 5 12 17
Perumal Malai Perumal Temple - atop the hill BP Agraharam 7 10 14 8 4
Sangameswarar Temple Temple on island between River Cauvery and Bhavani, where both merges together with Lokabavani Bhavani 12 15 20 15 1
Sivagiri - Velayudhaswami Temple Having 3rd largest Temple Car in India Sivagiri 28 25 20 30 40
Chennimalai - Murugan Temple atop the Hill Chennimalai 28 23 25 28 36
Tiruchengode Arthanareeswar Temple - Siva/Sakthi Better-halves Tiruchengode 18 20 16 25 34
Gobi Shooting Spots - Cool N Green Gobichettipalayam 34 36 40 32 28
Magudeswarar Temple Shiva-Vishnu in single Temple on banks of River Cauvery Kodumudi 38 34 27 42 50
Birds Sanctury Cool N Green Lake View of Foreign Birds V.Vellode 12 8 15 15 26
Pariyur Amman Temple Marble Temple Gobichettipalayam 34 36 40 32 26
Ooratchi Kottai Perumal temple atop the hill Bhavani 16 19 22 20 2
Natradeeswarar Temple The hillock temple is situated in the middle of the river - middle not only breadthwise but also at the center between Kudagu, where the river originates and Bay of Bengal at Kaveripoompattinam. Kangayampalayam, N.Uttukuli 14 11 7 16 25
Bhairava Temple Jain Architecture Aval Poondurai 14 11 7 18 25
Pachai malai & Pavizha malai Hills having Murugan Temples atop - Shooting Spots Gobichettipalayam 33 35 40 33 27
Pushpagiri Marble Birla Architecture on a small hill Muthur - Vellakoil 42 39 33 43 50
Sankagiri Fort Rock Fort on Sankari Hill - Armoury Ware House of Tipu Sultan for ancient Erode Sankagiri 32 35 33 37 19
SIPCOT & SEZ & Industrial Estate Special Economic Zone, Educational Hub Perundurai 17 18 23 9 22
Nava Brindavan Jain Mutt & Mysore model Temple Pallipalayam 5 8 4 12 18
Bhavani Sagar Dam - Reservoir Dam Park, Zoo, Boating, Fisheries Bhavani Sagar 69 72 76 66 60
Kodivery Natural Dam, Picnic-Shooting Spot Gobi 35 39 42 30 25
Shivan malai Hills of Shiva Sidhars - Herbal Hills Kangayam 42 38 39 40 48
Bannari Amman Temple Located at the Karnataka Border - just before starting of hill road towards Mysore Bannari 74 77 80 69 64
Dark Sathyamangalam Forests Located in Tamil Nadu - Karnataka border at the Foot-hills of Nilgiris Sathy 60 63 68 57 52
Mettur Dam Located at junction of 3 Districts (Erode, Salem & Dharmapuri) Mettur 50 53 56 52 33

Cuisine of the City

Erode cuisine is predominantly South Indian with Rice as its base. Erode flavours are generally fairly mild to spicy. One can get to taste the authentic Kongu cuisine in Erode. Most locals still retain their rural flavour, with many restaurants serving food on a banana leaf. The Pallipalayam variety of dishes is very special and popular throughout South India. Pallipalayam Chicken is known for its spicy curry. North Indian, Chinese and continental cuisines are also available in the city restaurants. The Keda Virunthu (Mutton treat) is also famous also available in most of the Restaurants and Hotels.

Famous Personalities

Infrastructure

Infrastructure is recognised as the most important factor for the promotion of industrial activities in the economy.

Availability of Power, Water, Transportation, Industrial Estate, Finance and Technical Education are the important infrastructure for industrial development.

Erode and its surrounding areas are having very good infrastructural base.

Industries

Small Scale Industries are providing large-scale employment next to Agriculture in this area. It have played a very important role in the area's economy by providing large scale employment opportunities at fairly low capital cost, a wide industrial base, easy scattering of industries in rural areas and concentration of certain industrial groups at specific areas.

Fabrics, like rugs, made in Erode are famous throughout India & are being exported
The ERODE City Stands Industries / Sectors / Areas
First
  • Turmeric production & Marketing
  • Beverages
  • Jute, Hemp & Mesta Textile Products
Second
  • Cotton Textiles Manufacturing & Export
  • Leather Manufacturing
  • Food Products
Third Agriculture
Fourth * Basic Metal Products

Erode’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for year 2008 stood at 15.5 per cent was the top in the State and ahead of the State’s [GDP] by 4 per cent.[10]

In the city, the industries users are found along the Nethaji road. Most of the industries are located outside the municipal limits. The industrially developed Perundurai road is near the fringe of Erode city road.

Some industrial development is also found along Sathy road. The industries that are located within Erode city belong to mainly oil and rice mills and allied trades, such as engineering works, automobiles and power looms. The industries such as dyeing and powerloom textiles are predominant in LPA. Industries belonging to Dhal mill, Cotton textiles, Vanaspathy manufacturing, wax and screen printing, powerloom, sizing, wrapping and printing press are also found in and around Erode city.

Within the city, the industrial units occupy 6 .69% of the city area whereas the industrial belt as a whole covers 136 hectares and accounts for 1.80% of the Erode LPA.

Land Use The extent of the Erode local planning area (LPA) is 76.21 km². Developed land within the local planning area constitutes 13.44% of the total area. The developed area in the municipal area alone constitutes 83.25% of the total municipal area.

The commercial area has been developed along the roadsides in all major roads, in municipal area along Kongan road near the southern boundary of the local planning area. The commercial area in Erode city is concentrated near the junction of Brough road and Cutchery road and Bazaar area.

Erode is one among the industrially developing Cities. Industry and Trade occupy a place of prominence in the economy of the City. Industries that flourished in early days in and around Erode area were handloom weaving and carpet manufacturing. The advent of modern era has changed these industries to some extent and the powerloom weaving is slowly replacing it. There are 24189 registered SSI units as on 31.12.2000 in the district besides 59 Large Scale Units.

Loom-World

This area has a high concentration of powerloom and handloom weaving, Rice milling, Edible oil expelling units. The other industries are Tanneries, Chemical & Plastic Products, Paper Products, Basic Metal Products industries etc.

Transportation

Erode is well connected with bus and train transport which contributes to the economic development of the city. The people of Erode are known to travel more compared to people from other parts of Tamil Nadu.

Roadways

The city is well connected to all the parts of Tamil Nadu by private and public bus services. The City has both local (City) and mofussil (city-to-city) bus services with connections to nearby towns and villages. Bus services are frequent, once every two to five minutes. The roadway connects all the parts of the state and nearbyy states such as Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh with the city. Plenty of Town buses are ply to connect all parts of the city. One can get buses from Erode to almost any part of the state.

Intra-city transportation
  • Ring Route Service
  • Slip Route Service
  • LSS
  • Deluxe Service
  • A/C Coaches
  • Bus Station to Bus Station
  • Railway Junction Campus Services
  • Night Services
List of Major bus stations of the City
Bus Station Type City Services Mofussil Services Distance from Junction RS
Central Terminus Mofussil, City and Mini Bus Services Bhavani, Anthiyur, Chithode Bangalore, Mettur, Anthiyur, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Hosur 04
Junction Campus City and Mini Bus Services Central, Solar, Thindal, Surampatti, SPB Pallipalayam, Bhavani ------- 00
Solar Mofussil, City and Mini Bus Services Sivagiri, Arachalur, Tiruchengode, Modakurichi Karur, Trichy, Dindigul, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari 06
Thindal Mofussil, City and Mini Bus Services Perundurai, Chennimalai, Kanjikoil Coimbatore, Tirupur, Pollachi, Ooty, Gobi, Sathy, Mysore 09
Surampatti City and Mini Bus Services Central, Solar, Thindal, Junction, SPB Pallipalayam, Bhavani -------- 04
SPB Pallipalayam Mofussil, City and Mini Bus Services Central, Solar, Junction, Surampatti, Tiruchengode, Kumarapalayam Salem, Vellore, Namakkal, Vridhachalam, Athur, Kallakurichi 08
Bhavani Mofussil, City and Mini Bus Services Central, Junction, Kumarapalayam, Chithode, Perundurai Anthiyur, Bangalore, Mettur, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Hosur 13
Kumarapalayam Mofussil, City and Mini Bus Services Central, Junction, SPB Pallipalayam, Bhavani, Sankagiri, Idapadi Mettur, Dharmapuri, Salem, Namakkal, Coimbatore, Sankari 15
Inter-state Transportation 
TNSTC - ERODE

The Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC) has a divisional headquarters at Erode. Originally called as Jeeva Transport Corporation (JTC), it came into being by bifurcation of the Cheran Transport Corporation (headquartered at Coimbatore).It started functioning from 1 April 1983, with the principal area of operation in the Erode District, parts of Tirupur, Namakkal, Salem and Karur Districts. It was renamed as Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation, Erode Limited (Coimbatore Division-II) on 1 July 1997. The fleet strength as on 31 March 2005 was 1218. During the year 2003-2005, 114 buses were purchased for replacement.

Distances from other major cities
Sl no City Distance (in km)
1 Chennai 390
2 Bangalore 230
3 Coimbatore 99
4 Salem 59
5 Trichy 120
6 Tirupur 50
7 Mysore 165
8 Tirunelveli 315
9 Madurai 200
10 Ooty 125
11 Vellore 220
12 Mangalore 245
Highways

NH-47 connecting SalemCoimbatore - Cochin - Kanyakumari passes through Erode and Bye-pass via Bhavani, Chittode, Perundurai SIPCOT, which is the major National Highway connectivity for the City.

Railways

Erode Junction Railway Station (code: ED) is the major hub of the Southern Railway's operations connecting Tamil Nadu to various parts of India, notably regions in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Bengal, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Delhi, and Madhya Pradesh.

The city is well connected with New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Pune, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra and Nagpur with daily and weekly express trains.

Currently, there are five platforms (being extension to 7 now). Three routes have been proposed for Mysore (Chamaraj Nagar), Palani and linking Cauvery station to Chitode station in the Erode - Mysore plan and an additional - Erode E-LOCO train to the SPB paper mills.

Platform view in Erode Junction Railway Station
Line No. Towards Passing through Station Type / Track
1 Salem Junction Sankari Durg Broad, Electrified - Double Track
2 Coimbatore Junction Tiruppur Broad, Electrified - Double Track
3 Trichy Junction Karur Broad, Single Track (Double Track, Electrifying***)
4*** Mysore Junction Sathy, Chamraj Nagar Broad, Electrified - Double Track
5*** Dindigul Junction Kangayam, Palani Broad, Electrified - Double Track
6 SPB Paper Factory Electric Locomotive Shed Broad - for Goods
7 SIPCOT - SEZ(Perundurai) Diesel Locomotive Shed Broad - for Goods

It has state of the art technology in electrification and was the first electrified link from Chennai with broad gauge conversion.

It also serves as the hub for water filling facilities, food provision and toilet cleaning to all long distance trains that run along the length and breadth of the country via Erode. The station is well connected by buses round the clock.

And there is one Local Town Bus Terminus in the Railway Junction Campus for City Buses all round the entire city.

There are Six local railway stations in the city.

Sl No. Station Name Station Code
1 Erode Junction ED
2 Erode Town EDT
3 Cauvery CAV
4 SPB Colony SPB
5 Thottipalayam TPM
6 Solar SLR
7 Pasur PAS
8 Perundurai PRI
9 Ingur ING
10 Aanangoor ANG
11 Perundurai SIPCOT Requested[11][12]

Erode Junction has the distinction of being the third cleanest railway junction in India, after Bhopal Habibganj Railway Station (Bhopal) and Secunderabad Railway Station (Hyderabad) in India.

Trains starting from Erode Junction[13]

Train No. Name Type Availability Origin Destination Via
6669/70 Yercaud Express Express Daily Erode Junction Chennai Central Salem Junction, Katpadi Junction
6607/08 Erode - Egmore Express Express Daily Erode Junction Chennai Egmore Trichy Junction, Tindivanam
66 Local Passenger Daily Erode Junction Coimbatore Junction Tirupur
6611 Fast Passenger Daily Erode Junction Palakkad Junction Tirupur, Coimbatore
668 Fast Passenger Daily Erode Junction Tiruchirapalli Junction Karur
6608 Local Passenger Daily Erode Junction Jolarpet Junction Salem Junction, Tirupattur
6678 Local Passenger Daily Erode Junction Tirunelveli Junction Madurai Junction
66718 Local Passenger Daily Erode Junction Shencottah Junction Madurai Junction

Electric LOCO Shed

It is proud to achieve the status of ISO certification for its best service by the Electric loco shed and the WAP model electric locomotives (which can been seen on almost all state running electric engines marked as WAP-ERODE both in English and Hindi).

Diesel LOCO Shed

The Diesel Loco Shed at Erode houses over 120 Diesel-Electric locomotives. It was set up in 1962 and is one of the premier locomotive maintenance sheds in the country. The ISO 9001 certified shed maintains locomotives which haul important trains up to Kanniyakumari, Trivandrum, Madurai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Mysore, Mumbai, Rajkot, Pune, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Jaipur etc. The Erode Railway Junction has three branches leading to Karur, Coimbatore and Salem.

Airways

Nearest airports to the city are;

Health-Care

A huge number of Health care organizations are available in the city. Several Ambulance service providers are also available to help the people in an emergency.

Media and entertainment

Print and electronic media

Media Type Publishers
Newspapers Daily
  • Daily Thanthi,
  • Dina Malar,
  • Dinakaran,
  • Kalai Kadir,
  • Dina Boomi,
  • Malai Malar(E),
  • Tamil Murasu(E)
  • The Hindu,
  • Deccan Chronicle,
  • The New Indian Express
TV Channels Satellite & Cabel - Local
  • King TV - 1,
  • King TV - 2,
  • Polimer channel,
  • Karan TV,
  • MCN TV
Radio Channels AM & FM
  • Suriyan FM (93.5 MHz),
  • Kodai FM (AIR-100.5 MHz (Kodaikanal)),
  • Yercaud FM (103.7 MHz),
  • Radio Mirchi,
  • Hello FM,
  • Kongu Engg College FM (90.4) (EDU)
  • Sengunthar Engg College FM (EDU)

Cinema theatres

The following list gives the Cinema halls in Erode city. There are local, defunct and non-operating theatres which are not included in this list.

Cinema Theatres Location Features
Abirami Multiplex Central Bus Stand A/C, Qube Digital, 70MM
Devi Abirami Cine-plex Central Bus Station Centralised A/C, DTS,
Aanoor Opp. Central Fire Station A/C, DTS
Sree Chandika Opp. Junction Railway station, Bull-Fight circle DTS
Srinivasa Surampatti Town Hall DTS
V.S.P Five Roads, M.G.R Signal Junction A/C, Qube Digital Dolby Sound
Central P.S. Park, Opp. HPO DTS, 35MM
Sree Lakshmi Veerappan Chatram Bus stand DTS
Royal Swastik circle, Central Bus station Air Cooled, DTS
Ravi Perundurai Road, Opp. Kalingarayan 35MM
Star Park Road, KKNK Junction DTS
Bharathi Sathy Road, DTS
Annapoorani MA Road, DTS
Natarajah Wooden Bridge, DTS
K.A.S Karur Bye-pass Road, DTS
Kavitha Krishnampalayam, DTS
Manickam P.S.Park Town Hall DTS
Anna Salai Road DTS
Sampoornam Sathy Road
Sree Krishna R.K.V Road, Opp. Alukkas, P.S.Park Town Hall DTS
Vijaya Main Road DTS
Vikram Pallipalayam Bridge 70MM
Shanthi Cauvery Road 70MM
Prabha E.K.Valasu 70MM
Sangeetha Surampatti Terminal 70MM ,DTS
Vishnu E.B. Road 70MM
E.R. Theatre Pallipalayam 70MM
Karumalayan Lotus circle, Kollampalayam 70MM

Geology

The soils are mostly red sand and gravel with moderate amounts of red-loam and occasional black loam tracts. Vast stretches of the upland regions are mostly gravel. Red-loam occurs mostly in the land under the Kalingarayan channel and in beds of tanks in Erode city and to some lesser extent in the valleys in Perundurai and Dharapuram. It also occurs in the hilly tracts of Bhavani.

Soils of Bhavani, Erode, Dharapuram and Perundurai are chiefly gravelly, stony and sandy of the red variety. Soils of Gobichettipalayam and Sathyamangalam taluks are mostly of the red sandy variety. Red loam is prevalent mostly in Gobichettipalayam and Perundurai taluks.

Climate

Erode
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
14
 
30
18
 
 
12
 
32
19
 
 
19
 
35
21
 
 
53
 
35
23
 
 
76
 
34
23
 
 
38
 
31
22
 
 
57
 
30
22
 
 
42
 
31
22
 
 
56
 
32
22
 
 
153
 
31
22
 
 
123
 
29
21
 
 
50
 
29
19
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: Erode district collectorate

Erode in general is characterised with scanty rainfall and a dry climate. The maximum rainfall is recorded in Gobichettipalayam and Bhavani. The Palghat gap in the Western Ghats, which has a soothing effect in the climate of Coimbatore District, does not render much help in bringing down the dryness of the climate in this area. The cool-wind that gushes out of the west coast through Palghat gap loses its coolness and becomes dry by the time it crosses Coimbatore district and reaches the Erode region.

Erode District has dry weather throughout except during the monsoon season. Generally the first two months of the year are pleasant, but in March, the mercury gains an upward trend which persists till the end of May. The highest temperature is normally recorded during May. The scanty showers during this period do not provide any relief from the oppressive heat. There is a light improvement in the climate during June-August period. During this pre-monsoon period, the mercury reverses its trend and by September, the sky gets overcast heavily but the rains are meagre. the north-east monsoon sets in vigorously only during October-November and by December, the rains disappear rendering the climate clear but pleasant.

Agriculture

Turmeric powder, used extensively in Indian cuisine, finds the Asia's largest & important market center in Erode District

Erode is a very important market centre for coconut, in Avalpoondurai, and for turmeric. The coconut and turmeric is received from Erode, other parts of Tamil Nadu, and adjoining districts like Mysore in Karnataka State.

Erode is well known for marketing of handloom, power-loom and ready-made garments and textiles. Loomed products are marketed here in bulk.

Kangeyam is famous for bulls, rice mills and oil mills. Kangeyam cows are not noted for their yield but their availability in large numbers has helped the district to make a mark in the field of dairy development. It is also one of the largest coconut oil producers in south-India.

Politics

Erode has become a separate parliamentary constituency Erode Parliamentary Constituency in effect with the revised demarcation of constituencies.

Parliamentary Constituency State Assembly Constituencies Districts Covered
Erode Erode East, Erode West, Modakurichi & Komarapalayam Erode, Namakkal - Erode City
Tirupur Bhavani, Perundurai Erode - City

[14]

See also

References

[2].

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Erode is a city in Tamil Nadu in India.

Get in

There are lot of Trains and buses available from Coimbatore.

Buy

Known for its name "Textile City" - you get lot of textile products (Bedspreads, shirting and suiting....) for very low price.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also erode

Italian

Proper noun

Erode

  1. Herod

Related terms


Simple English

Erode is a city in Tamil Nadu, India. It is the capital of the Erode district. About 500,000 people live in the city. Erode District in Tamil Nadu State is very important market centre for Turmeric. Turmeric is received, not only from Erode district, but also from the other parts of Tamil Nadu and adjoining district like Mysore in Karnataka State.

Erode is well known for marketing of textile products of Handloom, Powerloom and Readymade Garments. The Handloom and Powerloom products such as Cotton Sarees, Bed Spreads, Carpets, Lungies, Printed Fabrics, Towels, Dhotis are marketed here in bulk.

Kangeyam is famous for Bulls and Oil Mills. Kangeyam cows are not noted for their yield but their availability in large numbers has helped the district to make a mark in the field of dairy development



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