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Ertha Pascal-Trouillot

In office
March 13, 1990 – February 7, 1991
Preceded by Hérard Abraham
Succeeded by Jean-Bertrand Aristide

Born August 13, 1943 (1943-08-13) (age 66)
Pétionville, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Nationality Haiti
Spouse(s) Ernst Trouillot
Relations Thimocles Pascal and Louise (Dumornay) Pascal
Children Yantha
Occupation Lawyer
Website [1]

Ertha Pascal-Trouillot (born August 13, 1943) was the provisional President of Haiti from 1990 through 1991. She was the first woman in Haitian history to hold that office.

Her father, Thimocles, was an iron worker, and died when she was young. Her mother Louise (née Dumornay) was a seamstress and embroiderer. Pascal-Trouillot was the 9th of 10 children and when she was 10, she and one of her brothers went to the Lycée François Duvalier and was mentored by her future husband, Ernst Trouillot, who was 21 years her senior. In 1971, she received her law degree from the École de Droit des Gonaives in Port-au-Prince. From 1975 through 1988, she held various positions as a judge in the Haitian federal courts until she became the first woman justice of the Haitian Supreme Court.[1]

Pascal-Trouillot was chief justice when she temporarily became Haïti's first female president on March 13, 1990 following a military coup in which general Herard Abraham overthrew the government run by Prosper Avril and then immediately agreed to give up power. At her inauguration, she vowed to implement democracy. Nearly a year later, her government was nearly overthrown in a coup d'etat where she was allegedly kidnapped by Duvalier loyalist Roger Lafontant and forced to read a statement over Haïtian television announcing Lafontant as her successor. Lafontant was forced to flee soon after[2], after which Jean-Bertrand Aristide was elected and sworn in as president.

Aristide had Pascal-Trouillot arrested under charges of complicity in the coup d'état of January 7. She was released the next day after U.S. intervention in Port-au-Prince. The U.S. demanded a lift on the ban on departure. Pascal-Trouillot left the country shortly after, to return more than a year later. Since then, she lives away from the public eye and is currently working on drafting volumes of the Biographical Dictionary of Haïti. [3]

References

  1. ^ Johnson, Anne Janette. "Ertha Pascal-Trouillot." 'Answers.com.' March 1992. April 30, 2008. http://www.answers.com/topic/ertha-pascal-trouillot.
  2. ^ Ertha Pascal-Trouillot: Biography and Much More from Answers.com
  3. ^ "Profil d'Ertha Pascal-Trouillot." Haiti-Reference.com. 21 Feb 2008. 30 April 2008. http://www.haiti-reference.com/histoire/notables/pascal-trouillot.html.
Preceded by
Herard Abraham
President of Haïti
1990-1991
Succeeded by
Jean-Bertrand Aristide
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