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Erwin Clausen
5 August 1911(1911-08-05) – 4 October 1943 (aged 32)
Clausen.jpg
Place of birth Berlin-Steglitz, Germany
Place of death North Sea
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz.svg Luftwaffe
Years of service 1935–1943
Rank Major
Unit LG 2, JG 77, EJGr Süd, JG 11
Commands held 6./JG 77, I./JG 11
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves

Erwin Clausen (5 August 1911 – 4 October 1943) was a former German Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves during World War II.

Contents

Military career

Clausen joined the Reichsmarine in 1931 but then transferred to the Luftwaffe in 1935 to receive flying training. He was promoted to Feldwebel before World War ΙΙ began. He participate in the invasion of Poland and claimed his first victory when he shot down a PWS-26 biplane trainer on 9 September 1939. He scored more victories with some uncorfirmed victories during the French campaign. On 1 February 1941, Oberleutnant Clausen was appointed Staffelkapitän of 1(J)/Lehrgeschwader 2 (LG 2) to support of the invasion of the Balkans. After claiming 3 victories his unit withdrew to the Eastern front. In Russia where he was particularly successful. He was awarded the Knight's Cross on 22 May after 52 victories. On 27 June, he was appointed Staffelkapitän of 6./JG 77.

Clausen reached his 100th victory by shooting down an Il-2 on 22 July 1942. He was awarded the Oak Leaves the next day. Clausen was transferred to the Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe Süd on 1 February 1943. Hauptmann Clausen became a Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 11 on 20 June 1943 and appointed to Reichsverteidigung (Defense of the Reich) duties. On 4 October 1943 he shot down B-24 Liberator but then he was killed in aerial combat over the North Sea in his Fw 190 A-5.

Erwin Clausen is credited with 132 aerial victories with some unconfirmed victories in 561 combat missions. He recorded 1 victory over Poland, 3 over Yugoslavia (correctly - Hawker Fury fighters of the 36th Fighter Group over Režanovačka Kosa airfield near Kumanovo on April the 6th 1941.) , 14 victories over the Western front and rest of the victories over the Eastern front.[1] He was posthumously promoted to Major. Three of his brothers were killed in action during World War II.[2]

Awards

References

Citations
  1. ^ Spick 1996, p. 230.
  2. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 51.
  3. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 260.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 - 1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 3-87341-065-6.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. Ivy Books. ISBN 0-8041-1696-2.

External links

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