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Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae: Wikis

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Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
Blood agar plate culture of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Firmicutes
Order: Erysipelotrichales
Family: Erysipelotrichidae
Genus: Erysipelothrix
Species: E. rhusiopathiae
Binomial name
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
Migula, 1900

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a gram-positive, catalase-negative, rod-shaped bacterium. It grows aerobically and anaerobically and does not contain endotoxin. Distributed worldwide, E. rhusiopathiae is primarily considered an animal pathogen, causing a disease known as erysipelas in animals (and erysipeloid in humans – see below). Turkeys and pigs are most commonly affected, but cases have been reported in other birds, sheep, fish, and reptiles.[1] The human disease called erysipelas is not caused by E. rhusiopathiae, but by various members of the genus Streptococcus.

In humans, E. rhusiopathiae infections most commonly present in a mild cutaneous form known as erysipeloid.[1] It is typically susceptible to penicillin.

References

  1. ^ a b Brooke C, Riley T (1999). "Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae: bacteriology, epidemiology and clinical manifestations of an occupational pathogen". J Med Microbiol 48 (9): 789–99. PMID 10482289. 
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