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Erythroderma
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 L26.
ICD-9 695.9
DiseasesDB 29735
eMedicine derm/142
MeSH D003873

Erythroderma (also known as "Exfoliative dermatitis," "Dermatitis exfoliativa," and "Red man syndrome") is an inflammatory skin disease with erythema and scaling that affects nearly the entire cutaneous surface.[1]:436[2]:215

Contents

Historical aspects

The classification of exfoliative dermatitis into Wilson-Brocq (chronic relapsing), Hebra or pityriasis rubra (progressive), and Savill (self-limited) types may have had historical value, but it currently lacks pathophysiologic or clinical utility.[1]:436

Causes

Erythroderma is generalized exfoliative dermatitis, which involves 90% or more of the patient's skin.[3] The most common cause of erythroderma is exacerbation of an underlying skin disease, such as psoriasis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, lichen planus, pityriasis rubra pilaris or a drug reaction. Primary erythroderma is less frequent and is usually seen in cases of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, in particular in Sézary's disease.[4]

Differential diagnosis in patients with erythroderma may be difficult.

Treatment

The treatment is dependent on the cause.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Freedberg, et al. (2003). Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0071380760.
  2. ^ James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. (10th ed.). Saunders. ISBN 0721629210.
  3. ^ [emedicine.medscape.com/article/1106906-overview Erythroderma (Generalized Exfoliative Dermatitis)]. August 24, 2009.
  4. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=WgkZH4Hse6gC&pg=PA40&dq=erythroderma
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