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Coordinates: 46°15′01″N 1°06′49″W / 46.250278°N 1.113611°W / 46.250278; -1.113611

Commune of Esnandes

Esnandes is located in France
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement La Rochelle
Canton La Rochelle-5
Intercommunality La Rochelle
Mayor Yann Juin
Elevation 0–19 m (0–62 ft)
Land area1 7.45 km2 (2.88 sq mi)
Population2 1,988  (2006)
 - Density 267 /km2 (690 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17153/ 17137
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Esnandes is a French commune, located in the department Charente-Maritime and the region Poitou-Charentes in south-western France. Its inhabitants are called Esnandais.



Small town north of La Rochelle facing the bay of Aiguillon (former Gulf Pictons). Cliffs overlooking the bay and Aiguillon Esnandes story is linked to the culture of mussels and oysters that are still living more of their families.


L'église Saint-Martin vue depuis le cimetière

The first written mention of Esnandes date 920. In 1987 excavations can be traced back in history to Esnandes several millennia. There is a gap and prehistoric sites including a salt behind the church. The Roman occupation leaving traces in the form of a Roman villa at the Saint-Clement.

Esnandes is famous for its fortified church. In 1622 the Council of the City of La Rochelle in the destruction as a Catholic stronghold.

The names of the trustees of the parish have come down to us:

1737 François Dugas, boucholeur Mathurin 1754 Michelon, innkeeper 1754-1759 François Maudet Jacques Blanchard 1759-1765, merchant, elected on 19 August 1759 1766 Jean-Baptiste Mesnard, merchant, elected on 24 January 1766 1781 Jacques Choyau Jean Maudet 1782-1787, died on 13 July 1787 at age 56 1787-1789 Charles Valton, "boucholeur" Its main activity is the mussel farms or livestock molds dating back, say, Patrice Walton, an Irish failed on its shore in the thirteenth century. This was the birth of the first "bouchots".


Local government

to follow ....

Twin cities

Esnandes is twinned with Glières-Thorens.


Carrelets à Esnandes

23 mussel producing molds Bouchot the "Charron" [1] 5 companies in the industry, 12 in construction, shops 6, 8 services. 8 farms a baker, a fishmonger, a grocery store, a masseur physiotherapist, a butcher / deli, a dentist and a banking terminal automatic place Thorens-Glières. two doctors, a pharmacist. A post office (for some time yet)

Sites and monuments

Religious heritage

The church of Saint-Martin cimetièreLe view from the Priory St. Martin or St. Martin Church, from 1029 depended on the Royal Abbey of Saint-Jean-d'Angély. The original building built in the eleventh and twelfth century was rebuilt, fortified fourteenth century, then redrafted several times. He was registered historic monument in 1840.The facade retains its basic Romanesque twelfth century which is topped by a aliasing and framed by two bartizans which form a complete set of battlements on consoles. The bell tower is a breakthrough narrow windows. A spiral staircase gives access and the walkway equipped with crenellations of battlements and bartizan. The east wall is pierced by three windows [2].

He added to this defense and a postern a ditch.

The nave is vaulted warheads based on columns and form three ships and five spans with flat bed. Sacristies both are behind the side altars, Gothic style. Religious wars have caused extensive damage. Ever since the fall of La Rochelle (28 October 1628) for repair work were considered. They began in 1629 and should continue until 1740. Repairs carried throughout the building and the vault of the nave and the choir. The church was restored again in the nineteenth century from 1864. Coverage is repeated in 1996 [3].

Cultural Heritage [edit] The House of mussel culture:

What mussel farms? It is the culture of mussels (from the Latin mytilus)! With approximately 10 000 tons of shellfish products per year in the Bay of Aiguillon (cradle of mussel activity since 1235), the House of mussel farms ESNANDES (Labellisée Musée de France) is a reflection of the strong local heritage and know-how. Surf, climb, fish, market ... These are the watchwords of the mussel! To better understand this activity and the environment around them, the House of mussel farms offers: the screening of films on the big screen, a dynamic and interactive museum (modules touch screens videos, ...) and exhibitions temporary (or on themes close to the region, environment, fisheries, cultural exhibits is conducted jointly with various associations of the township.)

Thus, young and old can follow Mollux, the mascot, throughout the visit (in the form of comics for children) to understand the biology of mold, its environment and its predators, and the production and marketing the black pearl of our coasts.


The coastal path called "customs" attract walkers.

Personalities linked to the commune

Guy lords and Amaury de Vivonne (crusades of 1129 and 1194) who became kings of Cyprus and Jerusalem. The family of Alcide d'Orbigny, French zoologist lived in a house in Esnandes. Georges Simenon's books which are often referred to Esnandes and its neighboring

Notes and references

↑ The mark is for Charron molds bouchots of the Bay of Aiguillon centers of mussel Marsilly, Esnandes, Charron and Aiguillon-sur-Mer. ↑ Gothic Architecture Saintonge and Aunis, Yves Blomme, Bordessoule editions, ISBN 2-903504-33-4 ↑ base Mérimée [archive]

External links


  • Publications de la Société d'Archéologie et d'histoire de L'Aunis.
  • Esnandes Village d'Aunis, Mme Lafon 1992.
  • L'Église Saint-Martin d'Esnandes, Mme Lafon 1987.
  • Essai pour une histoire de la cultures des moules en baie de l'Aiguillon, Jean Louis Mahé 1992.
  • Graffiti des XVII × 10{{{1}}} et XVIII × 10{{{1}}} siècles à Esnandes, Luc Bucherie 1980.

See also


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