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Esslingen
Esslingen am Neckar 2005.jpg
Coat of arms of Esslingen
Esslingen is located in Germany
Esslingen
Coordinates 48¬į44‚Ä≤0‚Ä≥N 9¬į19‚Ä≤0‚Ä≥EÔĽŅ / ÔĽŅ48.733333¬įN 9.316667¬įEÔĽŅ / 48.733333; 9.316667
Administration
Country Germany
State Baden-W√ľrttemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Esslingen
Mayor J√ľrgen Zieger (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 46.43 km2 (17.93 sq mi)
Elevation 241 m  (791 ft)
Population 92,299  (1 January 2004)
 - Density 1,988 /km2 (5,149 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate ES
Postal codes 73701‚Äď73734
Area code 0711
Website www.esslingen.de

Esslingen am Neckar is a city in the Stuttgart Region of Baden-W√ľrttemberg in southern Germany, capital of the District of Esslingen as well as the largest city in the district.

It is located on the Neckar River, about 14 km southeast of Stuttgart city centre. The surrounding regions are also mostly developed around the city of Esslingen.

Contents

History

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Prehistoric Times

Through archealogical findings there is evidence of premanent settlement in what is now the city of Esslingen since the Neolithic Stone Age. Traces of human settlement found at the site of the city church date back to 1000 B.C.

Roman times

In the 1st century AD the Esslingen region became a part of the Roman Empire. During this period there existed a Roman warehouse in the area of Oberesslingen. The next major Roman settlements and garrisons were Cannstatt and Köngen.

Middle Ages

Esslingen was first mentioned in 777 as Ezelinga in the last will of Abbot Fulrad from Saint-Denis (near Paris), the chaplain of Pippin and Charlemagne. He bequeathed the church sixth cell upon the river Neckar to his monastery Saint-Denis. He also brought the bones of Saint Vitalis to Esslingen, which made it a target for pilgrimage and led to its growth.

Around 800 Esslingen became a market town, its market rights being certified in 866. In 949‚Äď953 it was a possession of Liudolf, Duke of Swabia. Esslingen received city rights in 1229 under Emperor Frederick II. During the same period the still extant Neckar bridge was constructed, which made Esslingen a major centre for trade on the route between Italy, Switzerland, and Northern Germany. Taxes provided by the bridge and market led to further growth of the town as did the export of the highly regarded wines from the region.

The time between the 13th century and 16th century saw many conflicts between the Free Imperial City and the Counts of W√ľrttemberg (later Duchy of W√ľrttemberg). About half the population lost their lives in the Thirty Years War between 1618 and 1648 through famine or epidemics. Esslingen lost its independence as an Imperial city in 1803, becoming part of the Duchy of W√ľrttemberg.

19th Century to date

The beginning of 19th Century was characterised by industrialisation. Glove manufacturing, food proceesing, textiles, and metal working were early industries in Esslingen. On 20 November 1845 the first train ran from Cannstatt to Esslingen.

Esslingen was occupied by U.S. soldiers in April 1945, toward the end of World War II. During the war the city suffered very little damage thus most of the medivial appearance of its city centre has been preserved.

After the Second World War, about 47,000 people (mostly refugees and displaced persons from the Eastern Germany) moved to Esslingen. There were settlements in Oberesslingen and Zollberg, in order to overcome the shortage of housing.

In 1973 N√ľrtingen district was merged with Esslingen am Neckar making Esslingen the seat of a much enlarged district.

Hochschule Esslingen

Esslingen is home to a University of Applied Science. The Esslingen University of Applied Sciences (German: Hochschule Esslingen) is known for its mechanical engineering and automotive programmes. The university also offers some Masters programmes in English.

Twin cities

References

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

External links


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