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Maracanã
Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro.jpg
Full name Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho
Location Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Coordinates 22°54′43.80″S 43°13′48.59″W / 22.912167°S 43.2301639°W / -22.912167; -43.2301639Coordinates: 22°54′43.80″S 43°13′48.59″W / 22.912167°S 43.2301639°W / -22.912167; -43.2301639
Broke ground August 2, 1948
Opened June 16, 1950
Renovated 2007
Owner Rio de Janeiro State Government
Surface Grass
Architect Waldir Ramos
Raphael Galvão
Miguel Feldman
Oscar Valdetaro
Pedro Paulo B. Bastos
Orlando Azevedo
Antônio Dias Carneiro
Capacity 82,238[1]
Field dimensions 110 x 75 m
Tenants
Flamengo, Fluminense
and also
Botafogo and Vasco da Gama for derbies
2016 Summer Olympics

The Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho, commonly called Estádio do Maracanã ("Maracanã Stadium"), is an open-air stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Owned by the Rio de Janeiro State Government, it is named after the Maracanã neighbourhood in Rio de Janeiro. It was opened in 1950 to host the FIFA World Cup. Since then, it has mainly been used for football matches between the major football clubs in Rio de Janeiro, including Botafogo, Flamengo, Fluminense and Vasco da Gama. It has also hosted a number of concerts and other sporting events. Although the paid attendance at the final game of the 1950 FIFA World Cup was 199,854, the stadium currently seats 82,238 spectators.[2] It is the largest stadium in South America.

It is due to host the World Cup Final in the 2014 World Cup, becoming the second stadium to host football's most important match twice after the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City.

The stadium will also be the centrepiece of the 2016 Summer Olympics and 2016 Summer Paralympics as the site of ceremonies and the football finals, besides the FIFA World Cup in 2014.

Contents

History

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Construction

After winning the right to host the 1950 FIFA World Cup, the Brazilian government sought to build a new stadium for the tournament. The plans for the stadium were drawn up by seven Brazilian architects, Miguel Feldman, Waldir Ramos, Raphael Galvão, Oscar Valdetaro, Orlando Azevedo, Antônio Dias Carneiro and Pedro Paulo Bernardes Bastos.[3] The first stone was laid at the site of the stadium on August 2, 1948.[4] With the first World Cup game scheduled to be played on June 24, 1950, this left little under two years to finish building. However, work quickly fell behind schedule, prompting FIFA to send Dr. Ottorino Barassi, the head of the Italian FA, who had organized the 1934 World Cup to help in Rio de Janeiro.

The stadium in between events.

Opening

The opening match of the stadium took place on June 16, 1950. Rio de Janeiro All-Stars beat São Paulo All-Stars 3-1; Didi became the player to score the first ever goal at the stadium.[5] Despite hosting a match, the stadium was still unfinished. It lacked toilet facilities and a press stand, and still looked like a building site. It was said that the stadium could house 200,000 standing spectators, making it one of the largest stadiums in the world at the time.[citation needed] Despite the stadium's unfinished state, FIFA allowed matches to be played at the venue, and on June 24, 1950, the first World Cup match took place. Brazil beat Mexico with a final score 4-0, with Ademir becoming the first scorer of a competitive goal at the stadium with his 30th minute strike. 81,000 spectators attended the game. Eventually, Brazil progressed to the final round, facing Uruguay in the final match of the tournament on July 16, 1950. Brazil only needed a draw to finish top of the group, but Uruguay won the game 2-1, shocking the thousands who attended the game. This match has since been known as the "Maracanazo". The official attendance of the game was 199,854, with the actual attendance estimated to be about 210,000.[6][7]

Post World Cup years

On March 21, 1954 a new official attendance record was set in the game between Brazil and Paraguay, after 183,513 spectators entered the stadium with a ticket and 177.656 in Fla-Flu (1963). In 1963, stadium authorities replaced the square goal posts with round ones, but it was still two years before the stadium would be fully completed. In 1965, 17 years after construction began, the stadium was finally finished.

Since the World Cup left Brazil in 1950, the Maracanã Stadium has mainly been used for club games involving four major football clubs in RioVasco, Botafogo, Flamengo and Fluminense. The stadium has also hosted numerous domestic football cup finals, most notably the Copa do Brasil and the Campeonato Carioca.

In September 1966, Mário Filho, a Brazilian journalist, columnist and sports figure, died, leading to the administrators of the stadium renaming the stadium after him to Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho. However, the nickname of Maracanã continued to be used. Mario Filho was a prominent campaigner who was largely responsible for the stadium originally being built. In 1969, Pelé scored the 1,000th goal of his career at the Maracanã against Vasco in front of 125,000 spectators. In 1989, Zico scored his final goal for Flamengo at the Maracanã, taking his goal tally at the stadium to 333, a record that still stands as of 2007.

Modern day

The entrance of Estádio do Maracanã.

On July 19, 1992, an upper stand in the stadium collapsed, leading to the death of three supporters and 50 more being injured.[8] Following the disaster, the stadium's capacity was greatly reduced as it was converted to an all-seater stadium in the late 1990s. Despite this, the ground was classified as national landmark in 1998, meaning that it could not be demolished. The stadium hosted the first ever FIFA Club World Cup final match between Vasco da Gama and Corinthians, which Corinthians won on penalties.

Following its 50th anniversary in 2000, the stadium underwent renovations which would increase its full capacity to around 103,000. After years of planning and nine months of closure between 2005 and 2006, the stadium was reopened in January 2007 with an all-seated capacity of 88,992.

The stadium is part of a complex that includes an arena known by the name of Maracanãzinho, which stands for "the little Maracanã".

Non-footballing events

Sting opened his ...Nothing Like the Sun world tour at the stadium on November 20, 1987 and performed to a crowd of 200.000 people! the true guiness Record "Largest Paying Crowd to See a Single Performer" for concerts at the stadium. Approximately 20 years later, on December 8, 2007, he performed there again with The Police. Madonna played the venue on November 6, 1993, with the Girlie Show spectacle, and then again on December 14 and 15, 2008, as part of the Sticky & Sweet Tour.

Preceded by
Stade Olympique de Colombes
Paris
FIFA World Cup
Final Venue

1950
Succeeded by
Wankdorf Stadium
Bern
Preceded by
FNB Stadium
Johannesburg
FIFA World Cup
Final Venue

2014
Succeeded by
2018 Final Venue
Preceded by
Estadio Monumental
Buenos Aires
Copa América
Final Round Matches

1989
Succeeded by
Estadio Nacional de Chile
Santiago de Chile
Preceded by
None
FIFA Club World Cup
Final Venue

2000
Succeeded by
International Stadium Yokohama
Yokohama
Preceded by
Estadio Olímpico Juan Pablo Duarte
Santo Domingo
Pan American Games
Opening and Closing Ceremonies

2007
Succeeded by
Estadio Jalisco
Guadalajara
Preceded by
Olympic Stadium
London
Summer Olympic Games
Opening and Closing Ceremonies

2016
Succeeded by
TBD
Preceded by
Wembley Stadium
London
Olympic Football tournament
Final Venue

2016
Succeeded by
TBD

References

External links


Simple English

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