Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys: Wikis

  
  

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Olímpic Lluís Companys
Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys - Barcelona, Spain - Jan 2007.jpg UEFA Elite Stadium
Full name Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys
Former names Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc
Location Barcelona, Spain
Built 1927
Renovated 1989
Architect Pere Domènech i Roura
Capacity 55,926
Tenants
1992 Summer Olympics
RCD Espanyol (1997-2009)

Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys (formerly known as the Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc) is a stadium in Barcelona, Spain. Originally built in 1927 for the 1929 International Exposition in the city (and Barcelona's bid for the 1936 Summer Olympics, which were awarded to Berlin), it was renovated in 1989 to be the main stadium for the 1992 Summer Olympics.[1] The stadium has a capacity of 55,926 (70,000 during the 1992 Olympics), and is located in the Anella Olímpica, in Montjuïc, a large hill to the southwest of the city which overlooks the harbour.

In 2001 the stadium was renamed after the former president of the Generalitat de Catalunya Lluís Companys i Jover, who was executed at the nearby Montjuïc Castle in 1940 by the Franco regime.

Contents

History

The stadium, designed by architect Pere Domènech i Roura for the 1929 Expo, was meant to host the People's Olympiad in 1936, a protest event against the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, but the event had to be cancelled due the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.

In the fifties, the stadium was the centerpiece of the 1955 Mediterranean Games, and in 1957 it hosted the only national football cup final between FC Barcelona and RCD Espanyol, the two local clubs.

In the seventies the stadium was disused, and the stands deteriorated. When the Spanish Grand Prix and other races were held at the Montjuïc racing circuit, the stadium was used as a paddock for the teams. Due to safety concerns, the 1975 F1 race was nearly boycotted by drivers.

Due to the award of the 1992 Summer Olympics to Barcelona, the stadium was renovated with the involvement of Italian architect Vittorio Gregotti. The stadium was gutted, preserving only the original facades, and new grandstands were built. In 1989 the venue was reinaugurated for the World Cup in Athletics, and three years later it hosted the opening and closing ceremonies and the track and field competitions of the Olympic Games.

The stadium served as the home of football club RCD Espanyol from 1997 until 2009. The Estadi Olímpic made its final La Liga appearance during the 2008-2009 season, as Espanyol moved to the newly constructed Estadi Cornellà-El Prat. It also served as the home of the Barcelona Dragons American Football team until 2003. Because the size of the playing surface was slightly shorter than the regulation American Football length, the stadium only had 7-yard end zones, three yards shorter than regulation NFL size.

In 2010, the stadium will host the 20th European Athletics Championships.

Sport events

Pop and rock concerts

The Estadi Olímpic has also hosted many pop and rock concerts: among them, Jean Michel Jarre (1993), Bruce Springsteen (1993, 2003), Rolling Stones (1990, 1998, 2003, 2007), Tina Turner (1990,1991), U2 (1997), Metallica (2003), Madonna (1990, 2009), Prince (1990), David Bowie (1990), AC/DC (1991, 2009), Coldplay (2009), Pink Floyd (1994), Michael Jackson (1992), Guns n' Roses (1993), Bon Jovi (1995, 2008) and RBD. In July 2009, Madonna performed in front of a sold-out crowd of 45,000 fans as part of her Sticky & Sweet Tour.

References

  1. ^ "Official Report of the XXV Games of the Olympiad Barcelona 1992; Volume II; p.127". http://www.la84foundation.org/6oic/OfficialReports/1992/1992s2.pdf.  
  2. ^ a b Richards, Huw A Game for Hooligans: The History of Rugby Union (Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh, 2007, ISBN 9781845962555); Chapter 6, Gathering Storms, p129
Preceded by
Seoul Olympic Stadium
Seoul
Summer Olympics
Opening and Closing Ceremonies (Olympic Stadium)

1992
Succeeded by
Centennial Olympic Stadium
Atlanta
Preceded by
Seoul Olympic Stadium
Seoul
Olympic Athletics competitions
Main Venue

1992
Succeeded by
Centennial Olympic Stadium
Atlanta
Preceded by
Ullevi
Gothenburg
European Championships in Athletics
Main Venue

2010
Succeeded by
Olympiastadion
Helsinki

Coordinates: 41°21′53.14″N 2°9′20.37″E / 41.3647611°N 2.1556583°E / 41.3647611; 2.1556583








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