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Map of the dominant self-identified ethnic origins of ancestors per census division. Actual physical origins of ancestors may be different

This is a list of Canadian residents (citizens, landed immigrants, and non-citizen temporary residents) by the ethnic origin(s) they chose to list on their 2001 census form. The relevant census question asked for either the ethnicity or nationality of the respondent's ancestors and not the respondents themselves.

The labels do not necessarily describe the respondent themself (as they may identify themselves slightly differently than their ancestor). Also, many respondents acknowledged multiple ancestries (origins). These people were counted one extra time for each origin listed (but are counted only once within a single origin's count). As well, some respondents interpreted the question differently, so two people with similar ethnic origin, may answer differently. This is especially true, when using "Canadian" as an ethnic origin. The data may also reflect an equating of the terms "English" with British or anglophone and therefore, along with the large number of single responses for "Canadian", these data may not give the most accurate data on ethnicity/ethnic origin for several groups. This is particularly the case for those of British and French origins.

Larger ethnic origins are made up of 30 ethnic groups above 150,000 persons, and smaller ethnic origins consisted of 180 other ethnic groups, thus bring the total of ethnic groups classified by the Canada 2006 Census to 210. The largest three are Canadian, English or British-Canadian and French-Canadian who may be French-speaking, English-speaking or both.[citation needed]

Contents

Larger ethnic origins

COB data Canada.PNG
Ethnicity Combined
responses
As single
response
One of multiple
responses
per respondent
Canadian 11,682,680 6,748,135 4,934,545
English 5,978,875 1,479,525 4,499,355
French 4,668,410 1,060,760 3,607,655
Scottish 4,157,210 607,235 3,549,975
Irish 3,822,660 496,865 3,325,795
German 2,742,765 705,600 2,037,170
Italian 1,270,370 726,275 544,090
Chinese 1,094,700 936,210 158,490
Ukrainian 1,071,060 326,195 744,860
North American Indian 1,000,890 455,805 545,085
Dutch (Netherlands) 923,310 316,220 607,090
Polish 817,085 260,415 556,665
East Indian 713,330 581,665 131,665
Norwegian 363,760 47,230 316,530
Portuguese 357,690 252,835 104,855
Welsh 350,365 28,445 321,920
Jewish 348,605 186,475 162,130
Russian 337,960 70,895 267,070
Filipino 327,550 266,140 61,405
Métis 307,845 72,210 235,635
Swedish 282,760 30,440 252,325
Lebanese 270,000 60,874 178,967
Hungarian (Magyar) 267,255 91,800 175,455
American (USA) 250,005 25,205 224,805
Spanish 213,105 66,545 146,555
Jamaican 211,720 138,180 73,545
Danish 170,780 33,795 136,985
Vietnamese 151,410 119,120 32,290

Smaller ethnic origins

Ethnicity Combined
responses
As single
response
One of multiple
responses
per respondent
Austrian (related article: Austrians) 147,585 25,320 122,265
Romanian 131,830 53,320 78,505
Dutch (Belgium) 129,780 30,195 99,585
Finnish 114,690 31,985 82,705
Swiss (related article: Swiss people) 110,795 24,595 86,200
Serbian 105,517 62,205 36,330
South Korean 101,715 95,200 6,510
Québécois 98,670 65,480 33,190
Trinidad and Tobago 70,590 65,440 50,150
Black African, n.i.e.(*) 97,185 37,380 59,810
Croatian 97,050 58,170 38,880
Iranian 88,220 73,450 14,770
Japanese 85,230 53,175 32,050
Haitian 82,405 70,755 11,650
Czech 79,910 24,945 54,965
Icelandic 75,090 10,850 64,240
Pakistani 74,015 54,565 19,450
Arab, n.i.e. 71,705 47,600 24,100
Acadian 71,590 21,945 49,645
Yugoslav, n.i.e. 65,505 26,880 38,625
Sri Lankan 61,315 45,485 15,825
West Indian 59,705 33,295 26,410
Inuit 56,330 37,030 19,300
Guyanese 51,570 26,290 25,280
Slovak 50,860 19,865 30,990
South Asian, n.i.e. 49,205 41,950 7,255
Oceania origins 48,595 10,760 37,835
Maghrebi origins 48,165 32,175 15,990
Punjabi 47,155 28,980 18,180
Latin/Central/South
American, n.i.e.
41,620 30,380 11,240
Egyptian 41,310 26,150 15,160
Armenian 40,505 27,175 13,330
Tamil 39,075 26,935 12,135
Mexican 36,575 15,815 20,755
Lithuanian 36,485 11,320 25,165
Chilean 34,115 21,820 12,290
Somali 33,725 30,830 2,895
Czechoslovakian 33,540 7,205 26,340
Maltese 33,000 14,115 18,880
Scandinavian, n.i.e. 32,730 6,690 26,040
Macedonian 31,265 16,790 14,475
Slovenian 28,910 15,285 13,635
Bulgarian 27,260 16,480 10,775
Salvadoran 26,735 20,795 5,940
Australian 25,415 3,805 21,615
Afghan 25,230 22,320 2,910
Turkish 24,910 15,065 9,845
Barbadian 23,725 10,600 13,125
Latvian 22,615 8,885 13,730
Estonian 22,085 9,645 12,435
Syrian 22,065 10,425 11,640
Moroccan 21,355 13,035 8,315
European, n.i.e. 20,450 9,715 10,735
Cambodian 20,430 14,840 5,595
Iraqi 19,245 14,105 5,140
South African 18,925 4,980 13,945
Taiwanese 18,080 13,335 4,745
Peruvian 17,945 10,935 7,010
Laotian 16,950 12,345 4,605
Ghanaian 16,935 14,170 2,765
Colombian 15,865 10,445 5,415
Ethiopian 15,725 13,100 2,625
Bosnian 15,720 12,185 3,540
Algerian 15,500 11,235 4,260
Albanian 14,935 12,310 2,625
Palestinian 14,675 9,215 5,465
Newfoundlander 13,715 4,155 9,555
Bangladeshi 13,080 11,295 1,790
Flemish 11,665 2,325 9,345
Caribbean, n.i.e. 10,990 4,295 6,695
Fijian 10,035 5,115 4,920
Khmer 10,000 710 295
Brazilian 9,710 3,185 6,525
Indonesian 9,700 2,080 7,620
Guatemalan 9,550 6,435 3,120
Nigerian 9,530 6,570 2,960
Argentinian 9,095 2,970 6,125
Central/South
American Indian
8,965 1,865 7,100
West Asian, n.i.e. 8,805 7,245 1,565
East/Southeast
Asian, n.i.e.
8,795 8,465 330
Ecuadorian 8,785 5,960 2,830
New Zealander 8,600 1,160 7,435
Grenadian 7,995 4,315 3,680
Hispanic 7,850 5,460 2,390
Yakuts 7,513 3,875 3,575
Vincentian/Grenadinian 7,450 3,875 3,575
Eritrean 7,165 6,265 900
Bengali 7,020 5,465 1,560
Assyrian 6,980 4,570 2,410
Thai 6,965 2,810 4,160
Dominican, n.o.s. 6,865 3,255 3,610
Slav (European) 6,810 2,790 4,020
Sudanese 6,525 4,495 2,030
Congolese, n.o.s. 6,235 5,005 1,230
Cuban 6,200 2,195 4,005
Nicaraguan 6,190 4,340 1,850
Malaysian 6,095 1,570 4,520
Israeli 6,060 1,395 4,665
Venezuelan 5,925 2,320 3,600
Berber 5,570 3,350 2,220
Tunisian 5,325 3,425 1,890
Byelorussian 5,115 1,490 3,620
Tibetan 5,000 1,000 4,000
Goan 3,865 1,630 2,235
Uruguayan 3,800 1,695 2,105
Jordanian 3,760 2,320 1,435
Sinhalese 3,560 2,195 1,370
Frisian 3,175 670 2,500
Rwandan 3,060 2,430 630
Honduran 3,025 1,955 1,070
Kenyan 2,990 1,540 1,455
Maya 2,875 685 2,190
Burmese 2,840 1,070 1,770
Gujarati 2,805 1,180 1,620
St. Lucian 2,765 1,420 1,345
Mauritian 2,720 1,145 1,575
Basque 2,715 395 2,320
Gypsy (Roma) 2,590 390 2,205
Sicilian 2,465 420 2,045
Antiguan 2,435 1,025 1,405
Luxembourger 2,390 450 1,945
East African 2,270 1,000 1,270
Maghrebi, n.i.e. 2,270 1,125 1,145
Ugandan 2,125 1,115 1,005
Panamanian 2,075 1,055 1,020
Cameroonian 2,070 1,615 455
Cypriot 2,060 590 1,470
Asian, n.o.s. 2,010 960 1,045
Hawaiian 1,955 110 1,840
Burundian 1,900 1,535 360
Zairian 1,885 1,390 495
Yoruba 1,875 1,340 535
Tanzanian 1,865 830 1,030
Ashanti 1,860 1,325 540
Bermudan 1,845 205 1,640
Bolivian 1,795 865 935
Polynesian 1,745 310 1,435
Kittitian/Nevisian 1,730 730 1,000
Mongolian 1,675 545 1,130
Senegalese 1,675 1,045 630
Costa Rican 1,615 770 845
Bahamian 1,585 360 1,225
Azerbaijani 1,445 470 975
Yemeni 1,445 685 760
Carib 1,330 70 1,255
Maori 1,305 135 1,170
Afrikaner 1,250 310 935
Zimbabwean 1,250 585 660
Ibo 1,200 850 355
Kosovar 1,200 960 245
Libyan 1,180 795 390
Nepali 1,170 770 405
Ivoirean 1,120 655 465
Guinean, n.o.s. 1,120 710 415
Angolan 1,110 615 490
Saudi Arabian 1,080 660 420
Montenegrin 1,055 230 820
Puerto Rican 1,045 130 915
Pashtun 1,040 540 500
Oromo 1,030 710 320
"Texan" 1,000 700 300
Seychellois 980 605 370
Georgian 970 385 580
Tartar 875 370 505
Kuwaiti 855 585 275
Malian 815 480 340
Malagasy 780 415 365
Paraguayan 760 125 640
Togolese 755 480 275
Akan 750 505 240
Belizean 725 225 500
Martinique 605 140 460
Hmong 595 455 140
Sierra Leonean 565 350 220
Kashmiri 480 210 275
Pacific Islander, n.i.e. 390 125 265
Cornish (see Cornish people) 365 N/A 1,550
Manx (see Manx people) 350 N/A N/A

See also

References

  • *) n.i.e. = not included elsewhere

Source Statistics Canada, Canada 2001 Census. [1] [2]

The following question was asked on the 2001 census long-form, given to 1 in 5 persons (or their parents) known to legally reside in Canada:

While most people in Canada view themselves as Canadians, information on their ancestral origins has been collected since the 1901 Census to capture the changing composition of Canada’s diverse population. Therefore, this question refers to the origins of the person’s ancestors.
To which ethnic or cultural group(s) did this person’s ancestors belong?
For example, Canadian, French, English, Chinese, Italian, German, Scottish, Irish, Cree, Micmac, Métis, Inuit (Eskimo), East Indian, Ukrainian, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Filipino, Jewish, Greek, Jamaican, Vietnamese, Lebanese, Chilean, Somali, etc.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2001 Census Handbook (Reference), Catalogue No. 92-379-XIE, February 20003, ISBN 0-662-31156-6, page 47.
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