Euclid, Ohio: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Euclid, Ohio
—  City  —
Location of Euclid in Ohio
Location of Euclid in Cuyahoga County
Coordinates: 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917Coordinates: 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Township incorporated 1809[1]
Village incorporation 1877[1]
City 1930[1]
Government
 - Type Mayor-council
 - Mayor Bill Cervenik
Area
 - Total 11.6 sq mi (30 km2)
 - Land 10.7 sq mi (27.7 km2)
 - Water 0.9 sq mi (2.2 km2)
Elevation 617 ft (188 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 52,717
 Density 4,923.2/sq mi (1,900.5/km2)
  census
Time zone EST (UTC-4)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip Codes 44117, 44123, 44132, 44143, 44119
Area code(s) 216
FIPS code 39-25704[2]
GNIS feature ID 1072210[3]
Website http://www.ci.euclid.oh.us

Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is part of the Greater Cleveland Metropolitan Area, and borders Cleveland. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 52,717. In 2006 Euclid's population was estimated at 48,717.[4] In 2009, Euclid is celebrating its Bicentennial through a partnership between the mayor's office, the Euclid Public Library, and a citizens' committee of over 24 volunteers.

Contents

Geography

Euclid is located at 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917 (41.595563, -81.519176).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, total area of 11.6 square miles (30.0 km²). 10.7 square miles (27.7 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.2 km²) of it (7.43%) is water. It is directly on Lake Erie, so it contains an area of beach front and beach front property along the North.

Euclid borders Cleveland on the west, South Euclid and Richmond Heights on the south, Willowick, Wickliffe, and Willoughby Hills on the east, and Lake Erie on the north.

It is part of the Lake Erie Snowbelt region, prone to heavy wind-whipped snowsqualls blowing off Lake Erie, particularly before the lake freezes over in winter.

City facts

Charter: Mayor and Council - 8 council people / 1 Council President

Settled: 1796 Township: 1809 Village 1903 City: 1930

Assessed Valuation: $825,325,160

Industry: 150 companies

Housing: 26,276 units

Newspapers: 2 daily

Infrastructure

143.065 mi of Streets;

3.06 mi of Interstate 90

1.65 mi south spur

262.38 mi sewer

139.65 mi water main

2 railroads; CSX and Norfolk Southern Railway

1 bus line; Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority

Buildings

Churches: 22

Banks: 9

Hospital: 1; 371 beds

Libraries: 1; ~299,340 total volumes

Parks: Memorial Park; Briardale Golf Course; Sims Park; Euclid Metropark; Wiiard Park; Hillandale Park

Pools: 1 outdoor deep pool; 4 shallow; 1 children's

Police: 1 station; 2 mini stations; 96 officers; 62 vehicles; 11 school guards; 37 auxiliary

Senior Center: 1

Fire Dept.: 3 stations; 76 firefighters; 19 pieces of equipment

Motels: 1

Schools: 10 public schools (1 high school, 2 junior high schools, 6 elementary schools, 1 Special Needs Education Center); 3 parochial schools, 1 charter school

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 1,953
1920 3,363 72.2%
1930 12,751 279.2%
1940 17,866 40.1%
1950 41,396 131.7%
1960 62,998 52.2%
1970 71,552 13.6%
1980 59,999 −16.1%
1990 54,875 −8.5%
2000 52,717 −3.9%
Est. 2008 47,415 −10.1%

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 52,717 people, 24,353 households,the 13,491 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,923.2 people per square mile (1,900.5/km²). There were 26,123 housing units at an average density of 2,439.6/sq mi (941.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.36% White, 30.57% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 24,353 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,151, and the median income for a family was $45,278. Males had a median income of $35,914 versus $28,528 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,664. About 7.1% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable attractions/history

Euclid is the site of the 1926 case Euclid v. Ambler. The case opened the doors for municipalities across the United States to establish zoning ordinances.

  • Euclid is home to the National Cleveland-Style Polka Hall of Fame.
  • Euclid is the home of Euclid High School, one of 5 schools in Ohio to split its school up via the Knowledgeworks Foundation grant. However, the program will be canceled as of the 2009-2010 school year due to low test score improvement and rising costs.
  • Euclid is home to the Euclid Pony Baseball League, founded in 1951. http://www.euclidpony.org
  • Euclid is the city where the Thompson submachine gun was invented.
  • Euclid is the city where Charles F. Brush created the Arc Lamp in 1876[6]
  • Euclid houses the corporate headquarters of the Lincoln Electric Company
  • Euclid is home to the annual CABA High School World Series baseball tournament. Past notable tournament players include Alex Rodriguez and Jeffrey Hammonds.
  • Euclid is home of the Softball Hall of Fame.
  • Euclid is home to sports personality and former National Football League player Mike Adamle. He is best known as the co-host of the cult-favorite American Gladiators series for seven years.
  • Euclid Beach Park was originally part of Euclid, until the boundaries were redrawn in the early 1900s.
  • Walk Two Moons by Sharon Creech was partly set in Euclid .
  • Euclid was home to two government owned housing projects, East 200th Street and Briardale. Both were torn down due to the federal government's failure to maintain the properties. Briardale now serves as the Municipal Golf Course, called Briardale Greens.
  • Euclid was the home town of new wave science fiction author Roger Zelazny.
  • The cordless telephone was invented in Euclid by George Sweigert in 1969.[citation needed]
  • Euclid houses the Euclid Public Library, ranked 3rd in the nation in the 50,000 population category in 2007, and has been recognized in the Top Ten of the HAPLER Public library Ratings.
  • The 1987 Michael J. Fox movie Light of Day was partially filmed here. The opening scene pans the area from a helicopter.
  • Euclid was the home to northern Ohio's first commercial UHF television station in 1968, WKBF Channel 61, then a Kaiser owned station located on St.Clair Avenue.
  • Euclid was the original location to the corporate headquarters of Reliance Electric, Thompson Products (TRW), and Addressograph-Mulitgraph.
  • Euclid is the home to both the main plant and corporate headquarters of Lincoln Electric, Located on St. Clair Avenue.

Transportation

  • Euclid is situated near the junction of Interstate 90, Interstate 271 and Ohio Route 2, giving easy access by car to downtown Cleveland, Lake County, and most of the East suburbs.
  • Major east-west thoroughfares include Lake Shore Blvd. (SR 283), Lakeland Freeway (I-90/SR2), St. Clair Avenue, Euclid Avenue (US 20), and Chardon Road (US 6). North-south routes include East 185th Street (aka "Old World Plaza"), East 200, East 222, Babbitt Road, East 260th/Richmond Road (SR 175), and Lloyd Road.
  • GCRTA bus routes serving Euclid include the #39 (Lakeshore), #239 (Euclid Park & Ride), #1 (St. Clair), #28 (Euclid Avenue), #37 (E. 185 / Taylor), #34 (E. 200 / Green), #94 (E. 260/Richmond), and #806 (Euclid Community Circulator). Several of these routes were originally operated by the now-defunct Euclid Transit System, whose operations merged with the GCRTA during the late 1970s.

Ethnic groups

  • Euclid is home to a variety of ethnic groups, most notably Slovenian. There are a number of streets in Euclid that bear witness to the Slovenian influence on Euclid, including Recher, Mavec, Drenik, Grdina, Trebec, Mozina, Kapel, and Ljubljana.
  • Euclid also contains sizeable African-American and Croatian communities.
  • Euclid city schools are about 70.6% African-American. (2007)
  • Euclid contains citizens of Irish descent and houses an Irish-American Club.

Surrounding Communities

See also

References

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message