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City of Eugene
—  City  —
Downtown Eugene from Skinner Butte

Seal
Nickname(s): The Emerald City
Motto: The World's Greatest City of the Arts and Outdoors
Coordinates: 44°03′07″N 123°05′12″W / 44.05194°N 123.08667°W / 44.05194; -123.08667Coordinates: 44°03′07″N 123°05′12″W / 44.05194°N 123.08667°W / 44.05194; -123.08667
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lane
Founded 1846
Incorporated 1862
Government
 - Type Council-manager
 - Mayor Kitty Piercy
 - City manager Jon Ruiz
Area [1]
 - City 40.54 sq mi (105.0 km2)
 - Land 40.50 sq mi (104.9 km2)
 - Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 430 ft (131.1 m)
Population (2008)[2]
 - City 154,620
 Density 3,813.9/sq mi (1,472.6/km2)
 Metro 343,140
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 97401-97408, 97440
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-23850[3]
GNIS feature ID 1120527[4]
Website www.eugene-or.gov

Eugene (pronounced /juːˈdʒiːn/) is the second-largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the county seat of Lane County. It is located at the south end of the Willamette Valley, at the confluence of the McKenzie and Willamette rivers, about 50 miles (86 km) east of the Oregon Coast.

As of 2008, Eugene had a population of 154,620,[2] and the greater Eugene-Springfield metropolitan statistical area (MSA) had a population of 346,560. While Eugene has long been the second-largest city in Oregon, it was briefly surpassed by Salem between 2005 and 2007.[5][6][7] The Eugene-Springfield, Oregon MSA is the 145th-largest metropolitan statistical area of the U.S.

Eugene is home to the University of Oregon. The city is also noted for its natural beauty, activist political leanings, alternative lifestyles, recreational opportunities (especially bicycling, rafting, and kayaking), and focus on the arts. Eugene's motto is "The World's Greatest City of the Arts and Outdoors." It is also referred to as the "Emerald City", and "Track Town, USA." The Nike corporation had its beginnings in Eugene.

Contents

History

Eugene is named after its founder, Eugene Franklin Skinner. In 1846, Skinner erected the first cabin in the area. It was used as a trading post and was registered as an official post office on January 8, 1850. At this time the location was known as Skinner's Mudhole.[8] Skinner founded Eugene in 1862 and later ran a ferry service across the Willamette River where the Ferry Street Bridge now stands.

The first major educational institution in the area was Columbia College, founded a few years earlier than the University of Oregon. It fell victim to two major fires in four years, and after the second fire the college decided not to rebuild again. The part of south Eugene known as College Hill was the former location of Columbia College. There is no college there today.

The town raised the initial funding to start a public university, which later became the University of Oregon, with the hope of turning the small town into a cultural center of learning. In 1872, the Legislative Assembly passed a bill creating the University of Oregon as a state institution. Eugene bested the nearby town of Albany in the competition for the state university. In 1873, community member J. H. D. Henderson donated the hilltop land for the campus, overlooking the city.

The University first opened in 1876 with the regents electing the first faculty and naming John Wesley Johnson as president. The first students registered on October 16, 1876. The first building was completed in 1877; it was named Deady Hall in honor of the first Board of Regents President and community leader Judge Matthew P. Deady.

Willamette Street circa 1920

Geography and climate

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 40.54 square miles (105.0 km²).[1] 40.50 square miles (104.9 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km² or 0.10%) of it is water. Eugene is located at an elevation of 426 feet.

To the north of downtown is Skinner Butte. Northeast of the city are the Coburg Hills. Spencer Butte is a prominent landmark south of the city. Mount Pisgah is southeast of Eugene and includes Mount Pisgah Arboretum and Howard Buford Recreation Area, a Lane County Park.

The Willamette and McKenzie rivers run through Eugene and neighboring city, Springfield. Another important stream is Amazon Creek, whose headwaters are near Spencer Butte. The creek discharges into Fern Ridge Reservoir west of the city.

Eugene
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
7.9
 
46
33
 
 
5.5
 
51
35
 
 
5.3
 
56
37
 
 
3.1
 
61
39
 
 
2.3
 
67
43
 
 
1.4
 
74
48
 
 
0.5
 
82
51
 
 
0.9
 
82
51
 
 
1.4
 
77
48
 
 
3.6
 
64
42
 
 
7.5
 
53
38
 
 
8.3
 
47
35
average max. and min. temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: Weatherbase

Neighborhoods

Eugene has 21[9] neighborhood associations:

  • Amazon
  • Bethel
  • Cal Young
  • Churchill
  • Crest Drive
  • Downtown
  • Fairmount
  • Far West
  • Friendly
  • Harlow
  • Industrial Corridor
  • Jefferson Westside
  • Laurel Hill Valley
  • River Road
  • Santa Clara
    • Irving is part of Santa Clara

Climate

Like the rest of the Willamette Valley, Eugene lies in the Marine west coast climate zone, with some characteristics of the Mediterranean climate. Temperatures are mild year round, with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Spring and fall are also moist seasons, with light rain falling for long periods of time. Winter snowfall does occur, but it is sporadic and rarely accumulates in large amounts. The hottest months are July and August, with average highs of around 82° F (28 °C), and an average of five or six days of temperatures above 90° F (32°C). The coldest month is January, with an average high of 46° F (8 °C), and an average of fourteen days below freezing.

Eugene's average annual temperature is 52.1 °F (11.2 °C);[10] its annual rainfall is 50.9 inches (1293 mm). Eugene is actually slightly colder on average than Portland, despite being located about 100 miles (approx. 160 km) south and having only a marginally higher elevation. Eugene's average July nighttime low temperature is 52.7 °F (11.5 °C),[11] while Portland's average July low is 56.5 °F (13.6 °C).[12] Average winter temperatures (and summer high temperatures) are similar for the two cities. This disparity may be largely caused by Portland's urban heat island, where the combination of black pavement and urban energy use can actually raise the temperature. A lesser heat island may also exist in the immediate downtown of Eugene.

Environmental issues

The combination of being in the downwind end of the Willamette Valley, the undisputed "grass-seed capital of the world"[13] and the confining shape of the hills has led to Eugene being the “the area of the highest grass pollen counts in the USA (> 1,500 pollen grains/m 3 of air).”[14] These high pollen counts have led to difficulties for some of the track athletes who compete in Eugene. In the Olympic trials in 1972, “Jim Ryun won the 1,500 after being flown in by helicopter because he was allergic to Eugene's grass seed pollen.”[15] Further, six-time Olympian Maria Mutola abandoned Eugene as a training area “in part to avoid allergies”[16]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 1,183
1870 861 −27.2%
1880 1,117 29.7%
1890 2,958 164.8%
1900 3,236 9.4%
1910 9,009 178.4%
1920 10,593 17.6%
1930 18,901 78.4%
1940 20,838 10.2%
1950 35,879 72.2%
1960 50,997 42.1%
1970 76,346 49.7%
1980 105,624 38.3%
1990 112,669 6.7%
2000 137,893 22.4%
Est. 2008 154,620 12.1%
source:[17][18]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 137,893 people, 58,110 households, and 31,321 families residing in the city of Eugene. The population density was 3,404.8 people per square mile (1,314.5/km²). There were 61,444 housing units at an average density of 1,516.4/sq mi (585.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.15% White, 3.57% Asian, 1.25% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, and 3.72% from two or more races. 4.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 58,110 households, of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.1% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city, the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 17.3% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,850, and the median income for a family was $48,527. Males had a median income of $35,549 versus $26,721 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,315. About 8.7% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

As of July 1, 2008, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated Eugene's population to be 154,620.[2] The city's population is expected to grow to 228,400 by 2017.[citation needed]

Religion

The Reconstructionist Temple Beth Israel is Eugene's largest Jewish congregation.[19] It was also, for many decades, Eugene's only synagogue,[20][21] until Orthodox members broke away in 1992 and formed "Congregation Ahavas Torah".[22][23]

Eugene has a community of some 140 Sikhs, who have established a Sikh temple.[24]

Religious institutions of higher learning in Eugene include Northwest Christian University and Eugene Bible College. Northwest Christian University (formerly Northwest Christian College), founded in 1895, has ties with the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Eugene Bible College originated with the Bible Standard Conference in 1919, which joined with Open Bible Evangelistic Association to create Open Bible Standard Churches in 1932. Eugene Bible College was started from this movement by Fred Hornshuh in 1925.[25]

Economy

The largest employers are the University of Oregon, local government, and Sacred Heart Medical Center. Eugene's largest industries are wood products manufacturing and recreational vehicle manufacturing.

Corporate headquarters for the employee-owned Bi-Mart corporation and family-owned Market of Choice are located in Eugene. The Monaco Coach Corporation and Marathon Coach have their headquarters in nearby Coburg.

Emporium Department Stores, which was founded in North Bend, Oregon, had its headquarters in Eugene, but closed all stores in 2002. Organically Grown Company, the largest distributor of organic fruits and vegetables in the northwest, started in Eugene in 1978 as a non-profit co-op for organic farmers. Several local food processors, many of whom manufacture certified organic products, are nationally successful.[citation needed] These companies include Golden Temple (Yogi Tea), Mountain Rose Herbs, The Merry Hempsters, Surata Tofu, Organichap Lip Balm, Toby's Tofu, Emerald Valley Kitchen, GloryBee Foods, Turtle Mountain Foods (Soy Delicious Ice Cream) and Springfield Creamery (Nancy's Yogurt). The last is owned by family members of Ken Kesey.

Until July, 2008, Hynix Semiconductor America had operated a large semiconductor plant in west Eugene. In late September, 2009, Uni-Chem of South Korea announced its intention to purchase the Hynix site for solar cell manufacturing.[26]

Several locally-developed small businesses have formed a coalition called Unique Eugene,[27] which coordinates advertising and promotion, and shares its pool of customers.[28]

Many multinational businesses were launched in Eugene. Some of the most famous include Nike, Taco Time, and Brøderbund Software.[citation needed]

Arts and culture

Eugene has a significant population of people in pursuit of alternative ideas, and a large, though aging, hippie population.[29]

Beginning in the 1960s, the countercultural ideas and viewpoints espoused by Ken Kesey became established as the seminal elements of the vibrant social tapestry that continue to define Eugene.[30] The Merry Prankster, as Kesey was known, has arguably left the most indelible imprint of any cultural icon in his hometown. He is best known as the author of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and as the male protagonist in Tom Wolfe's The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test.[30]

In 2005, the city council unanimously approved a new slogan for the city, "World's Greatest City for the Arts & Outdoors." While Eugene has a vibrant arts community for a city its size, and is well situated near many outdoor opportunities, this slogan has been frequently criticized by locals as embarrassing and ludicrous.[31]

Community

Eugene is perhaps most noted for its "community inventiveness." Many U.S. trends in community development originated here. The University of Oregon's participatory planning process, known as The Oregon Experiment, was the result of student protests in the early 1970s. The book of the same name is a major document in modern enlightenment thinking in planning and architectural circles. The process, still used by the University in modified form, was created by Christopher Alexander, whose works also directly inspired the creation of the Wiki. Some of the research for the book A Pattern Language, which inspired the Design Patterns movement and Extreme Programming, was done by Alexander in Eugene. Not coincidentally, those engineering movements also had origins here. A Pattern Language is the best-selling book on architecture and planning of all time.

In the 1970s, Eugene was packed with cooperative and community projects. It still has small natural food stores in many neighborhoods, some of the oldest student cooperatives in the country, and alternative schools have been part of the school district since 1971. The old Grower's Market, downtown near the Amtrak depot, is the only food cooperative in the U.S. with no employees. It is possible to see Eugene's trend-setting non-profit tendencies in much newer projects, such as the Tango Center and the Center for Appropriate Transport. In 2006, an initiative began to create a tenant-run development process for Downtown Eugene.

In the fall of 2003, neighbors noticed that "an unassuming two-acre remnant orchard tucked into the Friendly Area Neighborhood"[32] had been put up for sale by its owner, a resident of New York City.[33] Learning that a prospective buyer had plans to build several houses on the property, they formed a non-profit organization called Madison Meadow[34][35] in June 2004 in order to buy the property and "preserve it as undeveloped space in perpetuity."[34] In 2007 their effort was named Third Best Community Effort by the Eugene Weekly,[36] and by the end of 2008 they had raised enough money to purchase the property.[32]

Anarchism

During the late 1990s and early 2000s Eugene contained a community of anarchists situated in the Whiteaker neighborhood of west Eugene. This community gained international notoriety in 1999, due to its perceived role in the protests at the WTO Conference in Seattle that year.[37] Following those protests, then-mayor Jim Torrey described the city as "the anarchist capital of the United States."[37]

The Eugene anarchist movement grew out of the treesits and forest defense camps of the 1990s and soon began staging demonstrations and riots in Eugene[citation needed], notably during a Reclaim the Streets event on June 18, 1999, when protesters blocked downtown streets and smashed the windows of three stores. Some rioters threw stones and bottles at police.[38]

Some of the anarchist activity could be said to have had its start in a "mud people's" protest.[39] On that day, the participants noticed two blocks of trees, in a parking lot near the downtown area, were slated for removal the following Sunday. The ensuing tree sitting protest on June 1, 1997 was reported widely, as it lasted several hours before the crowd became violent[citation needed] and the police responded with pepper spray. A lawsuit by protesters against police response was settled five years later.[40]

Anarchist activity in Eugene has declined in the public sphere since September 11, 2001, but the ongoing trials of accused "eco-terrorists" continue to keep Eugene in the same spotlight.[41]

Within Anarchism, Eugene is particularly a reference for the anarcho-primitivist movement. John Zerzan, philosopher and editor of the Green Anarchy magazine, is a prominent modern anarchist author who lives there, as well as where the magazine is based. This author has been associated with the growth of the green anarchist movement and associated with the philosophy behind black bloc tactics that were later found in the Seattle riots; link which he himself denies.[42][43]

Annual cultural events

  • The annual non-profit Oregon Country Fair, which takes place in nearby Veneta, is one of the largest volunteer events in the U.S.[citation needed]
  • The annual Eugene Celebration is a three-day block party that takes place in the downtown area. The SLUG (Society for the Legitimization of the Ubiquitous Gastropod) Queen coronation happens the month prior to the celebration at the coronation contest and ceremony. The SLUG Queen is the reigning monarch of the celebration festivities and the unofficial ambassador of Eugene. The annual coronation process takes place in August and is a little like a formal pageant but with a campy spin. The new SLUG Queen presides over the parade at the Eugene Celebration in September.[44]
  • Art & the Vineyard festival held around the Fourth of July at Alton Baker Park attracts 25,000 annually, and is the principal fundraiser for the Maude Kerns Art Center[45]
  • The Lane County Fair and Asian Celebration are two annual events taking place at the Lane County Fairgrounds.
  • Eugene's Saturday Market, founded in 1970 and open every Saturday from April through November,[46] was the first "Saturday Market" in the United States.[47] All vendors must create or grow all of their own products.
  • The KLCC Microbrew Festival is held annually at the Lane County Fairgrounds. It provides participants with an introduction to a large range of microbrewery and craft beers which play an important role in Pacific Northwest culture and the economy.[50][51]

Museums

Conger Street Clock museum

Eugene museums include the University of Oregon's Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art and Museum of Natural and Cultural History, the Oregon Air and Space Museum, Conger Street Clock Museum, Lane County Historical Museum, Maude Kerns Art Center, Shelton McMurphey House, and the Science Factory Children's Museum & Planetarium.

The Eugene Public Library

Libraries

The largest library in Oregon is the University of Oregon's Knight Library, with collections totaling more than 3 million volumes and over 100,000 audio and video items.[52] The Eugene Public Library[53] moved into a new, larger building downtown in 2002. The four-story library is an increase from 38,000 square feet (3,500 m2) to 130,000 square feet (12,000 m2).[54]

Performing arts

Eugene is home to numerous cultural organizations, including the Eugene Symphony, the Eugene Ballet, the Eugene Opera, the Eugene Concert Choir, the Northwest Christian University Community Choir, the Oregon Mozart Players, the Oregon Bach Festival, the Oregon Children's Choir, the Eugene Youth Symphony, Ballet Fantastique and Oregon Festival of American Music. Principal performing arts venues include the Hult Center for the Performing Arts, The John G. Shedd Institute for the Arts ("The Shedd"), Beall Concert Hall and the Erb Memorial Union ballroom on the University of Oregon campus, the McDonald Theatre, and W.O.W. Hall.

A number of live theater groups are based in Eugene, including Free Shakespeare in the Park, Lord Leebrick Theatre, The Very Little Theatre, Actors Cabaret, LCC Theatre, and University Theatre.[55] Each has its own performance venue.

Music

Because of its status as a college town, Eugene has been home to many musicians and bands, ranging from mainstream garage rock, to hip hop, folk and heavy metal. Eugene also has a growing reggae and street-performing bluegrass and jug band scene. Multi-genre act the Cherry Poppin' Daddies became a prominent figure in Eugene's music scene and became the house band at Eugene's W.O.W. Hall. In the late 1990s, their contributions to the swing revival movement propelled them to national stardom. Rock band Floater originated in Eugene.

Dick Hyman, noted jazz pianist and musical director for many of Woody Allen's films, designs and hosts the annual Now Hear This! jazz festival at the Oregon Festival of American Music (OFAM). OFAM and the Hult Center routinely draw major jazz talent for concerts.[56][57]

Eugene is also home to a large Zimbabwean music community. Kutsinhira Cultural Arts Center, which is "dedicated to the music and people of Zimbabwe," is based in Eugene.

Visual arts

Eugene's visual arts community is supported by over 20 private art galleries and several organizations, including Maude Kerns Art Center,[58] Lane Arts Council,[59] DIVA (the Downtown Initiative for the Visual Arts), the Hult Center's Jacobs Gallery,[60] and the Eugene Glass School.

Annual visual arts events include the Mayor's Art Show and Art and the Vineyard.[61]

Film

The Eugene area has been used as a filming location for several Hollywood films, most famously for 1978's National Lampoon's Animal House, which was also filmed in nearby Cottage Grove. John Belushi had the idea for the film The Blues Brothers during filming of Animal House when he happened to meet Curtis Salgado at what was then the Eugene Hotel.[62]

Getting Straight, starring Elliott Gould and Candice Bergen, was filmed at Lane Community College in 1969. As the campus was still under construction at the time, the "occupation scenes" were easier to shoot.[63]

The "Chicken Salad on Toast" scene in the 1970 Jack Nicholson movie Five Easy Pieces was filmed at the Denny's restaurant at the southern I-5 freeway interchange near Glenwood. Nicholson directed the 1971 film Drive, He Said in Eugene.

How to Beat the High Co$t of Living, starring Jane Curtin, Jessica Lange and Susan St. James, was filmed in Eugene in the fall of 1979. Locations included Valley River Center, Skinner Butte, the Willamette River and River Road Hardware.

Several track and field movies have used Eugene as a setting and/or a filming location. Personal Best, starring Mariel Hemingway, was filmed in Eugene in 1982. The film centered on a group of women who are trying to qualify for the Olympic track and field team. Two track and field movies about the life of Steve Prefontaine, Prefontaine and Without Limits were released within a year of each other in 1997-1998.[64] Kenny Moore, Eugene-trained Olympic runner and co-star in Prefontaine, co-wrote the screenplay for Without Limits. Prefontaine was filmed in Washington because the Without Limits production bought out Hayward Field for the summer to prevent its competition from shooting there.[citation needed] Kenny Moore also wrote a biography of Bill Bowerman, played in Without Limits by Donald Sutherland.

Stealing Time, a 2003 independent film, was partially filmed in Eugene. When the film premiered in June 2001 at the Seattle International Film Festival, it was titled Rennie's Landing after a popular bar near the University of Oregon campus. The title was changed for its DVD release. Zerophilia was filmed in Eugene in 2006.

Sports

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Oregon Ducks Football, Basketball, Track and Field, Softball, Volleyball, Golf, Tennis, Baseball, Ultimate, Lacrosse, Hockey, Soccer 1876 National Collegiate Athletic Association: Pacific-10 Conference Autzen Stadium, McArthur Court, PK Park, Hayward Field
Northwest Christian University Beacons Basketball, Cross Country, Distance Track, Golf, Soccer, Volleyball 1895 National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, Cascade Collegiate Conference Morse Event Center
Eugene Bible College Deacons Basketball, Soccer, Volleyball 1925 Rexius Event Center
Eugene Emeralds Baseball 1955 Northwest League PK Park
Lane Community College Titans Basketball, Cross Country, Track and Field, Soccer, Baseball 1965 Northwest Athletic Association of Community Colleges Lane Community College
Eugene Gentlemen Rugby 1973 Pacific Northwest Rugby Football Union
Eugene Chargers Basketball 2006 International Basketball League Morse Event Center
Eugene Generals Ice hockey 2005 Junior A Tier III-League Hockey: Northern Pacific Hockey League Lane County Ice Center

Most of Eugene's interest in sports surrounds the Oregon Ducks,[citation needed] part of the Pacific-10 Conference (Pac 10). American football is especially popular, with intense rivalries between the Ducks and both the Oregon State University Beavers and the University of Washington Huskies. Autzen Stadium is home to Duck football, with a seating capacity of 59,000. It is considered one of the toughest places to play in all of college football.[65]

The basketball arena, McArthur Court was built in 1926. It is famed for the close "in your face" seating of fans to the court, and is renowned for its high noise levels, and difficulty for visiting teams. The arena is scheduled to be replaced by the Matthew Knight Arena in 2010.

For nearly 40 years, Eugene has been the "Track Capital of the World." After the Mexico City Olympics, the benefits of high altitude training helped propel Boulder, CO (a very similar city to Eugene) to prominence in the track world. By 2005, however, Eugene was well on its way to reclaiming its former glory. Oregon's most famous track icon is the late world-class distance runner Steve Prefontaine, who was killed in a car crash in 1975. "Pre" has become a legendary figure among Eugene runners for his guts and lack of fear in races.

Eugene's excellent jogging trails include Pre's Trail in Alton Baker Park, Rexius Trail, the Adidas Oregon Trail, and the Ridgeline Trail. Jogging was introduced to the U.S. through Eugene, brought from New Zealand by Bill Bowerman, who wrote the best-selling book "Jogging", and coached the champion University of Oregon track and cross country teams. During Bowerman's tenure, his "Men of Oregon" won 24 individual NCAA titles, including titles in 15 out of the 19 events contested. During Bowerman's 24 years at Oregon, his track teams finished in the top ten at the NCAA championships 16 times, including four team titles (1962,'64,'65,'70), and two second-place trophies. His teams also posted a dual meet record of 114-20.

Bowerman also invented the waffle sole for running shoes in Eugene, and with Oregon alumnus Phil Knight founded shoe giant Nike, Inc. Eugene's miles of running trails, through its unusually large park system, are the most extensive in the US. The city has dozens of running clubs. The climate is cool and temperate, good both for jogging and record-setting. Eugene is home to the University of Oregon's Hayward Field track, which hosts numerous collegiate and amateur track and field meets throughout the year, most notably the Prefontaine Classic. Hayward Field was host to the 2004 AAU Junior Olympic Games, the 2006 Pacific-10 track and field championships, and the 1972, 1976, 1980, and 2008 US Olympic track and field trials, and will host the latter again in 2012.

Eugene is also home to the Eugene Emeralds, a short-season Class A minor-league baseball team. The "Ems" play their home games in 71-year-old Civic Stadium, once the home of Eugene high-school football.

The Eugene Generals are a tier III Junior A amateur hockey club, playing its home games at Lane County Ice on the Fairgrounds.

The Nationwide Tour's golfing event Oregon Classic takes place at Shadow Hills Country Club, just north of Eugene. The event has been played every year since 1998, except in 2001 when it was slated to begin the day after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Oregon Classic alumni have well over 100 wins on the PGA Tour.[citation needed] The $450,000 dollar purse and attendance make it the second largest-sporting event in Eugene behind Duck football.[citation needed] The top 20 players from the Nationwide Tour are promoted to the PGA Tour for the following year.

Parks and recreation

Hendricks Park, situated upon a knoll to the east of downtown, is known for its rhododendron garden and nearby memorial to Steve Prefontaine, known as Pre's Rock, where the legendary University of Oregon runner was killed in an auto accident. Alton Baker Park, next to the Willamette River, contains Pre's Trail. Also located next to the Willamette is the Owen Memorial Rose Garden, which is home to more than 4,500 roses of over 400 varieties,[66] and the 150-year-old Black Tartarian Cherry tree,[67] an Oregon Heritage Tree.

The city of Eugene maintains an urban forest. The University of Oregon campus is an arboretum, with over 500 species of trees. The city operates and maintains scenic hiking trails that pass through and across the ridges of a cluster of hills in the southern portion of the city, on the fringe of residential neighborhoods. Some trails allow biking and others are for hikers and runners only.

The nearest ski resort, Willamette Pass, is one hour from Eugene by car. On the way, along Oregon Route 58, are several reservoirs and lakes, the Oakridge mountain bike trails, hot springs, and waterfalls within Willamette National Forest. Eugene residents also frequent Hoodoo and Mount Bachelor ski resorts. The Three Sisters Wilderness, the Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area and Smith Rock are just a short drive away.

Government

In 1944, Eugene adopted a council-manager form of government, replacing the day-to-day management of city affairs by the part-time mayor and volunteer city council with a full-time professional city manager. The subsequent history of Eugene city government has largely been one of the dynamics—often contentious—between the city manager, the mayor and city council.

Ten people have held the city manager position. These include Deane Seeger (1945-49), Oren King (1949-53), Robert Finlayson (1953-59), Hugh McKinley (1959-75), Charles Henry (1975-80), Mike Gleason (1981-96), Vicki Elmer (1996-98), Jim Johnson (1998-2002), Dennis Taylor (2002-2007), Angel Jones (2007-2008) and Jon Ruiz (2008-present).

Recent mayors include Edwin Cone (1958-69), Les Anderson (1969-77) Gus Keller (1977-84), Brian Obie (1985-88), Jeff Miller (1989-92), Ruth Bascom (1993-96), Jim Torrey (1997-2004) and Kitty Piercy (2005-present).

Eugene City Council

Mayor: Kitty Piercy

  • Ward 1 - George Brown
  • Ward 2 - Betty Taylor
  • Ward 3 - Alan Zelenka
  • Ward 4 - George Poling
  • Ward 5 - Mike Clark
  • Ward 6 - Jennifer Solomon
  • Ward 7 - Andrea Ortiz
  • Ward 8 - Chris Pryor

City Manager: Jon Ruiz (April 14, 2008)[68][69]

Education

Johnson Hall, University of Oregon

Eugene is home to the University of Oregon. Other institutions of higher learning include Northwest Christian University, Lane Community College, Eugene Bible College, Gutenberg College, and Pacific University's Eugene Campus.

The Eugene School District includes four full-service high schools (Churchill, North Eugene, Sheldon, and South Eugene) and many alternative education programs, such as international schools and charter schools. Foreign language immersion programs in the district are available in Spanish, French, and Japanese.

Bethel School District serves children in the Bethel neighborhood on the northwest edge of Eugene. The district is home to the traditional Willamette High School and the alternative Kalapuya High School.

Eugene also has several private schools, including the Eugene Waldorf School,[70] an anthroposophical kindergarten through eighth grade school, two private Montessori schools[71]: Eugene Montessori and Far Horizon Montessori, Wellsprings Friends School, a grades 9-12 school founded by members of the Eugene Friends Meeting,[72] Oak Hill School, the only independent nonsectarian K-12 school in Eugene where Mandarin Chinese and other languages are taught to K-6 children,[73] [74] and The Little French School,[75] which is a pre-kindergarten through kindergarten French immersion program.

Parochial schools in Eugene include Marist Catholic High School, O'Hara Catholic Elementary School, and St. Paul Parish School.[76]

Media

The largest newspaper serving the area is The Register-Guard, a daily newspaper with a circulation of about 70,000, published independently by the Baker family of Eugene.[77] Other newspapers serving the area include the Eugene Weekly, the Oregon Daily Emerald, the student-run independent newspaper at the University of Oregon;The Torch, the student-run newspaper at Lane Community College, and The Mishpat, the student-run newspaper at Northwest Christian University. Eugene Magazine, Lane County's Lifestyle Quarterly and Eugene Living, Sustainable Home and Garden magazine also serves the area. Local television stations include KMTR (NBC), KVAL (CBS), KLSR-TV (Fox), KEVU, KEZI (ABC), KEPB (PBS), and KTVC (independent).

The local NPR affiliates are KOPB, and KLCC. Radio station KRVM-AM also carries some NPR programming and is an affiliate of Jefferson Public Radio, based at Southern Oregon University. The Pacifica Radio affiliate (airing Democracy Now! and FreeSpeech Radio News) is the University of Oregon student-run radio station, KWVA. Additionally, the community supports two other radio stations: KWAX (classical) and KRVM (alternative). Eugene has the distinction of having the most radio stations per capita of any other metropolitan area in the country,[citation needed] with 28 FM and AM stations serving approximately 300,000 people.

Infrastructure

Transportation

LTD's Eugene Station.

Lane Transit District (LTD), a public transportation agency formed in 1970, covers 240 square miles (620 km²) of Lane County, including Creswell, Cottage Grove, Junction City, Veneta, and Blue River. Operating more than 90 buses during peak hours, LTD carries riders on 3.7 million trips every year. LTD also operates a bus rapid transit line that runs between Eugene and Springfield—Emerald Express (EmX)—much of which runs in its own lane. LTD's main terminus in Eugene is at the Eugene Station.

Fox Hollow Road is a popular track for cyclists wanting to leave the city.

Cycling is popular in Eugene and many people commute via bicycle. Summertime events and festivals frequently have bike parking "corrals" that many times are filled to capacity by three hundred or more bikes. Many people commute to work by bicycle every month of the year. Numerous bike shops provide the finest rain gear products, running lights and everything a biker needs to ride and stay comfortable in heavy rain. Bike trails take commuting and recreational bikers along the Willamette River past a scenic rose garden, along Amazon Creek, through the downtown, and through the University of Oregon campus. In 2009, the League of American Bicyclists cited Eugene as 1 of 10 "Gold-level" cities because of its "remarkable commitments to bicycling."[78][79]

The 1908 Amtrak depot downtown was restored in 2004; it is the southern terminus for two daily runs of the Amtrak Cascades, and a stop along the route in each direction for the daily Coast Starlight. Air traffic is served by the Eugene Airport, also known as Mahlon Sweet Field, which is the fifth largest airport in the Northwest.[80]

Highways traveling within and through Eugene include:

  • Interstate 5: Interstate 5 forms much of the eastern city limit, acting as an effective, though unofficial boundary between Eugene and Springfield. To the north, I-5 leads to the Willamette Valley and Portland. To the south, I-5 leads to Roseburg, Medford, and the southwestern portion of the state. In full, Interstate 5 continues north to the Canadian Border at Blaine, Washington and Vancouver, British Columbia and extends south to the Mexican border at Tijuana and San Diego.
  • Interstate 105/Oregon Route 126: Oregon Route 126 is routed along the Eugene-Springfield Highway, a limited-access freeway. The Eugene portion of this highway begins at an interchange with Interstate 5 and ends two miles (3 km) west at a freeway terminus. This portion of Oregon Route 126 is also signed Interstate 105, a spur route of Interstate 5. Oregon Route 126 continues west, a portion shared with Oregon Route 99, and continues west to Florence. Eastward, Oregon Route 126 crosses the Cascades and leads to central and eastern Oregon.
  • Belt Line Highway: Beltline Road is a limited-access freeway which runs along the northern and western edges of incorporated Eugene.
  • Delta Highway: The Delta Highway forms a connector of less than 2 miles (3 km) between Interstate 105 and Beltline Highway.
  • Oregon Route 99: Oregon Route 99 forks off Interstate 5 south of Eugene, and forms a major surface artery in Eugene. It continues north into the Willamette valley, parallel to I-5. It is sometimes called the "scenic route" since it has a great view of the Coast Range and also stretches through many scenic farmlands of the Willamette Valley.

Utilities

Eugene is the home of Oregon's largest publicly owned water and power utility, the Eugene Water & Electric Board (EWEB). EWEB got its start in the first decade of the 20th century, after a typhoid epidemic was traced to the groundwater supply. The City of Eugene condemned Eugene's private water utility and began treating river water (first the Willamette; later the McKenzie) for domestic use. EWEB got into the electric business when power was needed for the water pumps. Excess electricity generated by the EWEB's hydropower plants was used for street lighting.

Natural gas service is provided by NW Natural.

Healthcare

The Eugene area is home to three hospitals: McKenzie-Willamette Medical Center and Sacred Heart Medical Center at RiverBend in Springfield, and Sacred Heart Medical Center University District, in Eugene. The two Sacred Heart facilities are owned by PeaceHealth.

Notable people from Eugene

Athletes

Others

Ken Kesey statue in downtown Eugene
Astronaut Stanley G. Love

Sister cities

Eugene has four sister cities:[84]

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b c "2008 Oregon Population Report" (PDF). Population Research Center. Portland State University. March 2009. http://www.pdx.edu/sites/www.pdx.edu.prc/files/media_assets/PopRpt08c.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Loh, Stephanie (July 13, 2006). "Eugene no longer #2 city in Oregon". Oregon Daily Emerald. http://www.dailyemerald.com/media/storage/paper859/news/2006/07/13/News/Eugene.No.Longer.2.City.In.Oregon-2131556.shtml?norewrite200608021649&sourcedomain=www.dailyemerald.com. Retrieved 2006-11-13. 
  6. ^ "Eugene reclaims second in city size". Eugene Register Guard. http://www.registerguard.com/csp/cms/sites/dt.cms.support.viewStory.cls?cid=41279&sid=1&fid=1. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  7. ^ "Eugene overtakes Salem as 2nd-largest Oregon city". KGW Portland. http://www.kgw.com/lifestyle/stories/kgw_122807_lifestyle_eugene_population.5dcd37b7.html. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  8. ^ "Fodor's Pacific Northwest". Fodor's travel publications. http://www.fodors.com/shop/buy/?isbn=1-4000-1652-5. Retrieved 2007-06-30. 
  9. ^ "Neighborhood Associations". City of Eugene. http://www.eugene-or.gov/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=230&PageID=368&cached=true&mode=2&userID=2. Retrieved December 17, 2008. 
  10. ^ "The National Climatic Data Center". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/online/ccd/nrmavg.txt. 
  11. ^ "Eugene Mahlon Sweet, Lane County, Oregon, USA". WorldClimate.com. http://www.worldclimate.com/cgi-bin/data.pl?ref=N44W123+1304+352709C. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  12. ^ "Portland International Airport, Multnomah County, Oregon, USA". WorldClimate.com. http://www.worldclimate.com/cgi-bin/data.pl?ref=N45W122+1304+356751C. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  13. ^ Where Grass Seed is King. Terra, a world of research and creativity at Oregon State University. [1] accessed October 22, 2009.
  14. ^ Taylor, Phillip E.; Jacobson, Kraig W.; House, James M.; Glovsky, M. Michael. (2007). “Links between Pollen, Atopy and the Asthma Epidemic” International Archives of Allergy and Immunology ;144:162–170
  15. ^ Borzilleri, Meri-Jo . “Hayward Field is as storied as Prefontaine himself” ESPN.com http://sports.espn.go.com/oly/trackandfield/news/story?id=2898193 accessed October 22, 2009.
  16. ^ Bellamy, Ron (20 June 2003.). “Eugene’s Contingent Shrinking” Eugene Register-Guard.
  17. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 209.
  18. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-41.csv. Retrieved 2009-04-29. 
  19. ^ Synagogue website.
  20. ^ Zuckerman (2003), p. 87.
  21. ^ Reichman (2007).
  22. ^ Zuckerman (2003), pp. 91-93.
  23. ^ About Us, Congregation Ahavas Torah website.
  24. ^ http://www.eugeneweekly.com/2006/01/05/feature.html
  25. ^ Open Bible Churches. "Discover Open Bible Churches". http://www.openbible.org/discoveropenbiblenew.html. Retrieved on 2009-06-04.
  26. ^ "Quick Hynix Deal Planned". The Register-Guard. September 29, 2009. http://www.registerguard.com/csp/cms/sites/web/news/cityregion/20844835-41/story.csp. 
  27. ^ Unique Eugene
  28. ^ "Paul Nicholson Pools Resources Of Specialty Retailers". AllBusiness.com. http://www.allbusiness.com/retail-trade/miscellaneous-retail-miscellaneous/4152887-1.html. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  29. ^ Ossie Bladine, Philip (April 20, 2006). "Hippie Cultures Still Alive, Man". Oregon Daily Emerald. http://media.www.elvaq.com/media/storage/paper925/news/2006/04/20/CollegiateNewsfeatures/Hippie.Cultures.Still.Alive.Man-2535057.shtml. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  30. ^ a b Pumper, Molly (December 15, 2001). "Remembering Ken Kesey - Eugene, Oregon, USA". BootsnAll. http://www.bootsnall.com/articles/01-12/remembering-ken-kesey-eugene-oregon-usa.html. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  31. ^ Dietz, Diane (December 21, 2006). "Not the World's Greatest Slogan? Eugene Wonders". The Register-Guard (greenwasheugene.com). http://www.greenwasheugene.com/greatest.html. 
  32. ^ a b Hirst, Jessica (December 18). "Madison Meadow Saved". Eugene Weekly. http://www.eugeneweekly.com/2008/12/18/news.html. 
  33. ^ Russo, Edward (April 5, 2007). "Clock ticking on Madison Meadow". The Register-Guard. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Clock+ticking+on+Madison+Meadow.-a0161681687. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  34. ^ a b http://www.madisonmeadow.org Madison Meadow
  35. ^ http://www.taxexemptworld.com/organizations/eugene_or_97405.asp
  36. ^ "BEST OF EUGENE 2007: Tightrope Walkers and Trapeze Artists". Eugene Weekly. October 25, 2007. http://www.eugeneweekly.com/2007/10/25/coverstory1.html. Retrieved 2009-09-14. 
  37. ^ a b Abraham, Kera (November 22, 2006). "Flames of Dissent". Eugene Weekly. http://www.eugeneweekly.com/2006/11/22/coverstory.html. Retrieved 2007-06-10. 
  38. ^ Denson, Bryan (2000-06-18). "Anarchist In Prison on Eugene Riot Anniversary". The Oregonian: p. A21. "This escalated into a free-form parade in which protesters blocked downtown streets. Others smashed the windows of a furniture store, a bank and a hotel before the protest petered out. When police began to make arrests, knots of angry protesters reformed. Police fired tear gas canisters, and a few activists hurled back rocks and bottles." 
  39. ^ Huneeous, Alex (May 29, 1997). "Symantec Bears Topless Protest". Wired. http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/1997/05/4144. 
  40. ^ Pittman, Alan. "Treesit suit settles". Eugene Weekly: News June 20, 2002. http://www2.eugeneweekly.com/2002/06_20_02/news.html. 
  41. ^ Bishop, Bill (July 1, 2007). "Local unrest followed cycle of social movements". The Register-Guard. http://www.registerguard.com/news/2007/07/01/a1.arsonbookclub.0701.p1.php?section=cityregion. Retrieved September 6, 2007. 
  42. ^ "Part. III: Eco-Anarchy Imploding". Eugene Weekly. http://www.eugeneweekly.com/2006/11/22/coverstory.html. Retrieved 2010-09-01. 
  43. ^ "Prominent Anarchist Finds Unsought Ally in Serial Bomber". The New York Times. 1995-07-05. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/05/07/us/prominent-anarchist-finds-unsought-ally-in-serial-bomber.html?pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2010-09-01. 
  44. ^ New queen gets a slug of r-e-s-p-e-c-t
  45. ^ http://www.artandthevineyard.org/about.html. Referenced 2009-07-03
  46. ^ http://www.eugenesaturdaymarket.org/
  47. ^ The History of the Original Saturday Market
  48. ^ How Eugene turned into Bach Mecca
  49. ^ http://bachfest.uoregon.edu
  50. ^ "KLCC hosts annual Microbrew Festival, music sale". The Torch. http://media.www.lcctorch.com/media/storage/paper1259/news/2009/02/05/News/Klcc-Hosts.Annual.Microbrew.Festival.Music.Sale-3617748.shtml. 
  51. ^ "KLCC MICROBREW FESTIVAL". www.klcc.org. http://www.klcc.org/News.asp?NewsID=31. 
  52. ^ "UO Libraries quick facts". University of Oregon. March 12, 2009. http://libweb.uoregon.edu/bmis/library_facts.html. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  53. ^ City of Eugene Public Library home page
  54. ^ Miyazaki, Noriko (January 12, 2004). "New Eugene public library celebrates its first birthday". The Daily Emerald. http://media.www.dailyemerald.com/media/storage/paper859/news/2004/01/12/News/New-Eugene.Public.Library.Celebrates.Its.First.Birthday-1982916.shtml. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  55. ^ University Theatre
  56. ^ "The Shedd Institute: Now Hear This 2003-2004 Series". http://www.theshedd.org/series.aspx?series=634&event=311. 
  57. ^ Markstrom, Serena (2007-07-03). "Pursuit of 'magic' keeps Krall going as an artist". Eugene Register-Guard. http://rgweb.registerguard.com/news/2007/08/03/11.tk.krall.0803.p1.php?section=entertainment. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 
  58. ^ Maude Kerns Art Center
  59. ^ Lane Arts Council
  60. ^ Jacobs Gallery
  61. ^ Art and the Vineyard
  62. ^ http://www.csse.monash.edu.au/~pringle/bluesbros/article.html
  63. ^ "Trivia for Getting Straight (1970)". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0065775/trivia. 
  64. ^ Movie Smackdown: "Without Limits -vs- Prefontaine
  65. ^ Hayes, Matt (August 7, 2006). "No venue more intimidating than Autzen Stadium". The Sporting News. http://www.sportingnews.com/yourturn/viewtopic.php?t=115554. Retrieved 2007-10-29. 
  66. ^ "Owen Memorial Rose Garden". City of Eugene. http://www.eugene-or.gov/portal/server.pt?space=CommunityPage&control=SetCommunity&CommunityID=675&PageID=1570. 
  67. ^ "Black Tartarian Cherry at Owen Memorial Rose Garden". Waymark.com. http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM4KCG. 
  68. ^ "City of Eugene City Manager's Office". http://www.eugene-or.gov/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=620&PageID=0&cached=true&mode=2&userID=2. 
  69. ^ Russo, Edward (April 16, 2008). "Ruiz starts work as city manager". The Register-Guard. http://www.registerguard.com/csp/cms/sites/dt.cms.support.viewStory.cls?cid=94000&sid=4&fid=2. 
  70. ^ Eugene Waldorf School
  71. ^ "Montessori schools in Oregon". North American Montessori Teacher's Association. http://www.montessori-namta.org/NAMTA/dirlistings/Oregon.html. 
  72. ^ Wellsprings Friends School
  73. ^ [http://www.eugeneweekly.com/2009/06/11/coverstory.html The China Connection
  74. ^ Oak Hill School
  75. ^ The Little French School
  76. ^ "Parochial Schools of Oregon". Parochial School Directory. http://www.parochial.com/oregon/list.html. 
  77. ^ "The Register-Guard". Oregon Newspaper Publishers Association. http://www.orenews.com/cgi-bin/internal/database/directory/showGMpage.cgi?MemberID=25. 
  78. ^ "Eugene one of top cities in nation for bicycling". KVAL.com. October 20, 2009. http://www.kval.com/news/65085087.html. 
  79. ^ "Bicycle Friendly Community Master List: October 2009" (PDF). League of American Bicyclists. October 20, 2009. http://www.bikeleague.org/programs/bicyclefriendlyamerica/pdfs/bfc_master_list_web.pdf. 
  80. ^ "Airport Manager Recruitment Brochure" (PDF). City of Eugene. http://www.eugene-or.gov/portal/server.pt/gateway/PTARGS_0_2_191084_0_0_18/airportmanagerbrochure.pdf. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  81. ^ Fake Epidemic Saves a Village from Nazis
  82. ^ Chicago's 'Schindler' who saved 8,000 Jews from Nazis dies
  83. ^ "NASA Astronaut Bio: Stanley G. Love". http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/love.html. 
  84. ^ "Eugene Sister City Program". City of Eugene, City Manager's Office. http://www.eugene-or.gov/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=620&PageID=1215&cached=true&mode=2&userID=2. 

External links


Eugene may refer to:

Contents

People

Places

Business

  • Eugene Green Energy Standard, an international standard to which electricity labelling schemes can be accredited to confirm that they provide genuine environmental benefits
  • Eugene Group, a Korean chaebol
  • Eugen Systems, a gaming company located in France, makers of Act of War: Direct Action

Media

Ships

See also


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Eugene article)

From Wikitravel

Eugene [1] (pop. ~140,000) is a city in Oregon at the southern end of the Willamette Valley that is best known for being the home of the University of Oregon.

Understand

Citizens of Eugene are environmentally aware people who love their coffee as well as their microbrew. Residents range from arch-conservative republicans to militant anarchists who were responsible for the WTO riots in Seattle. However, overall the population is typical Pacific Northwest, i.e., leaning toward a greater degree of social responsibility, respect for nature, and diminished consumerism. Eugene is home to the University of Oregon, aka "The Fighting Ducks." Eugene was the second home to the rock'n'roll band The Grateful Dead, thus the reason some people see this place as a "hippie Mecca." Saturday Market [2] has been continuously in operation since 1970, rain or shine and claims to be the oldest open-air market of its type in the US.

Get in

By air

Eugene Airport (EUG), also known as Mahlon Sweet Field, handles flights from Seattle, Portland, San Francisco, Salt Lake City, Denver, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, and Phoenix. Major carriers include United Express, America West Express, Horizon Air and Skywest. It's a few miles out of town, and the public bus does not service it, so you'll have to hire a cab, shuttle, or rent a car.

By train

Amtrak serves Eugene with the Cascade service and operate daily between Eugene, Portland, Seattle and Vancouver B.C. These Euro-style cars are unique to the pacific northwest rail corridor. The Coast Startlight services Eugene and other West Coast cities on its route from Southern California to Seattle. Both trains accommodate wheelchairs and bicycles. Trains originating from California are notoriously unreliable, commonly several hours late. There is a northbound train that originates in Eugene, the "Cascades" train that is typically much more reliable.

By car

Eugene is a bit over 1 hour from Florence, the closest point on the Pacific Coast. It is a two-hour drive south from Portland, and approximately a 5-hour drive south from Seattle. Traveling north from the California Bay Area takes about nine hours.

By Bus

Greyhound has a fully staffed bus station downtown, close to the Train station and to the LTD (Lane Transit District) local buses. Buses run north/south along I-5, and east. Local companies working in association with Greyhound and Amtrak run buses to coastal towns including Newport, Florence and Coos Bay.

  • Bike - Eugene has an excellent system of bike routes [3], bike rentals are available only a few blocks from both the Greyhound and the Amtrak. Eugene is known nationwide for its bike friendly streets, and its bike paths that allow you to ride along rivers, mountain trails and through covered bridges.
  • Take the Lane Transit District [4] (LTD) bus, $1.50 one-way or $3.00 for an all-day pass. Buses tend to run every half-hour. Extended LTD bus routes run east and west into more rural sections of Lane County.
  • Walk along 13th Street to the University.
  • Go to the 5th Street Public Market.
  • Go to the Saturday Market [5] and Farmers Market: 8th and Oak every Saturday April 2 through Nov. 12, rain or shine, 10 am - 5 pm
  • Go on the First [6] or Last Friday Artwalk [7].
  • See a show at the WOW Hall, ask about work trade opportunities between 3:00 and 6:00 PM Monday through Friday--maybe you'll get to see the show for free!
  • Go to the Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art [8] at the University of Oregon.
  • Go to the Museum of Natural and Cultural History [9].
  • Climb Spencer's Butte (the long way).
  • Climb or drive up Skinner's Butte. If the weather is nice go rock climbing at the basalt columns on the butte (or at the climbing gym nearby).
  • Rent bikes and bike the entire river trail. Swim and picnic down by the Autzen foot bridge.
  • Oregon Country Fair [10] (always the second weekend in July) is the biggest "hippie" gathering. Tons of great food, great hand made products to buy, "great" music and a lot of "fun".
  • The Eugene Celebration (2nd weekend in September)
  • Eugene offers many events for the sports fan, including University of Oregon sports and Eugene emeralds baseball.
  • Visit local area wineries and tasting rooms.
  • See the Oregon Bach Festival [11], held late June through mid-July.
  • Eugene Area Parks [12] Guide to Eugene and Springfield Area parks features all the best parks in the area with descriptions, interactive maps, lots of images and 360 degree panoramas.
  • Check out a show at the Hult Center for the Performing Arts [13]
  • Listen to the oldest public radio station on the West Coast. KRVM 91.9 Real Variety in Music.
  • Hayward Field. Located on the University of Oregon campus it is one of the best-known historic track and field stadiums in the United States. Hayward Field has hosted three Olympic Trials, and a variety of National, NCAA, and Masters championships.  edit
University of Oregon
University of Oregon
  • University of Oregon, [14]
  • Lane Community College, [15]
  • Eugene Glass School, [16]
  • Lost Valley Educational Center, [17]
  • Wellsprings Friends School
  • At Center for Appropriate Transport learn about sustainable transport, cargo bikes, frame building, and bicycle repair. [18]
  • Northwest Christian University
  • Valley River Center, 293 Valley River Center, [19]. It is the biggest shopping center in the Eugene area with 2 main department stores, Macy's and JC Penney. The mall also has a Regal Cinemas and many smaller stores with apparel, sporting goods, books, electronics, food and accessories.
  • Gateway Mall, 3000 Gateway Street, Springfield, [20]. Although Gateway Mall is located in Springfield, it is very close to a lot of Eugene's student housing. This mall has not only a Sears, a Target, Kohl's, and two movie theaters. The Cinemark 17 theater shows newer movies at regular price and the Movies 12 theater shows a little older movies for only $1.50. This is a great/inexpensive date idea if you live in the area. There are also a few smaller stores and beauty salons located within the mall.
  • Bruno's Chef's Kitchen, 3443 Hilyard St. (Hidden behind the Dairy Mart), 541-687-2433, [21]. A small, personal restaurant; Bruno changes the menu weekly, featuring local & seasonal ingredients. This is considered by many to be the best restaurant in Eugene, despite it's obscure location and quaint size. $25-$30 main course.  edit
  • Papa's Soul Food Kitchen BBQ, 400 Blair Blvd, 541-342-7500, [22]. Eugene's soul food restaurant, sometimes offering live music.  edit
  • The Sustainable Table, Inc, 30 East Broadway, 541-344-6948. offers a tasty menu with a strong emphasis on sustainable and organic ingredients and procedures, in an attractive downtown location.  edit
  • Cafe Maroc, 30 East Broadway, 541-344-6948. a North African restaurant next door to the Sustainable Table and sharing the same management.  edit
  • World-class desserts, including vegan options, at Sweet Life 755 Monroe St (541-683-5696)
  • Real NY Style Pizza at Mezza Luna Pizzeria 933 Pearl Street (541-684-8900) & Now Open at the new Crescent Village off of Crescent and Shadow. Near Costco off of Coburg RD
  • Innovative gourmet vegetarian/vegan pizza available at the Pizza Research Institute At 5th and Blair(541-343-1307)
  • Fresh and local breakfast, lunch and dinner at Eugene landmark Cornucopia 295 W 17th Ave (541 485-2300)
  • Lunch or dinner at Marche Restaurant in the 5th Street Public Market (296 E 5th, 541-342-3612)
  • Have breakfast at the Keystone Cafe (395 W 5th Ave, 342-2075), Brail's (1689 Willamette St, 541-343-1542), or Morning Glory (450 Willamette St, 541-687-0709)
  • Have lunch at one of seven Burrito Amigos locations. Inexpensive, locally owned, the best burrito and taco chain in the city. [23].
  • Mazzi's, located in South Eugene off of East Amazon Rd, is the best Italian food in town. Prices are reasonable considering the foods quality, a typical dish is $12-18. Outstanding wine selection as well.
  • Drink beer at the High Street Brewery & Cafe, 1243 High St, 345-4905.
  • Drink coffee at Allann Brothers The one by Humble Bagel or by The Jail.
  • Drink martinis or single-malt Scotch at Adam’s Place (30 E Broadway, 541-344-6948)
  • Eugene City Brewery, 844 Olive St, (541) 345-4155, [24]. 12PM-10PM. Rogue Brewery Outpost for Eugene serving both good food and Locally brewed beer. (46.193869,-123.798473) edit

Wineries

The wineries of the Willamette Valley pride themselves in offering a relaxing and inviting experience for guests from downtown Eugene tasting rooms to vast countryside vineyards.

  • Iris Vineyard: Specializes in producing small quantities of quality, hand-crafted Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, and Chardonnay. Iris Hill has been dedicated to growing high quality fruit through sustainable viticultural practices.
  • King Estate: The 1,033 acre certified organic Estate includes 250 acres of certified vineyards, grapevine grafting and propogation, nursery, orchards and garden. A visitor center and market place are open to the public.
  • The Oregon Wine Warehouse: Tour Oregon's wine country in Downtown Eugene. Offering wine from over 150 Oregon wineries, wine tasting flights, food and more. Shipping is available nationwide.
  • Oregon Wine Tours by Sunshine Limo Service and Wine Tours: http://www.sunshinelimoservice.com/winetours.html Local tour operator specializing in Willamette Valley wine tours. A safe way to enjoy wine tasting in comfort and style.

For more information, check out the area's Winery and Vineyard Guide, [25].  edit

  • Courtesy Inn Eugene, 345 West 6th Ave, +1 888 259-8481, Fax: +1 541 342-6507, [26].
  • Downtown Motel, 361 West 7th Avenue, [27]. inexpensive, clean motel in the middle of downtown.  edit
  • The Eugene Hotel, whose large sign is a prominent feature of Eugene's skyline, is actually a retirement community. If you try to get a room there they will just laugh at you.
  • Eugene International Hostel, 2352 Willamette Street, +1 541 349-0589, [28]. Vegetarian kitchen, seasonal organic garden, dormitory style rooms, free Internet and guest phone.(no longer open!)
  • Eugene Whiteaker Hostel, 970 West Third Avenue, +1 541 343-3335, [29].
  • Phoenix Inn Suites, 850 Franklin Blvd, Tel: +1 541 344-0001. [30]. All suite accommodations with complimentary breakfast buffet, high speed internet, and 24 hr. business center
  • University Inn & Suites - Eugene, OR, 1857 Franklin Blvd, (541) 342-4804, [31]. Located near the University of Oregon.  edit
  • Valley River Inn, 1000 Valley River Way, Reservations: +1 800 543-8266, Phone" +1 541 743-1000, [32]. A resort-style hotel and conference center, located along the quiet banks of the Willamette River. Open since 1973.
  • Walnut Street Co-Op, 1680 Walnut Street, +1 541 484-1156, [www.icetree.com/walnut] Walnut St Co-Op is a social change oriented cooperative household. The house is a century-old duplex in the "Craftsmen" style. In addition to the nine bedrooms, there are two kitchens, two living rooms, 4+ bathrooms, and a sunny shared office space. One garage is for bicycles and garden storage; the other is a workshop and foosball arena.

Get out

Eugene is two hours from the Cascade Mountains (good skiing at Mt. Bachelor), and a little over an hour from some of the most beautiful coastline on the Pacific shore.

  • Day trip to the coast. Eat at Mo's in Florence, take a hike en route at Kentucky Falls and hit the Hobbit trail just north of Florence.
  • The McKenzie River corridor (fly fishing, rafting)
  • Hendricks Park Rhododendron Garden
  • Mt. Pisgah Arboretum
  • Bike paths along the Willamette River [33].
  • Cape Perpetua Interpretive Nature Center (on coast north of Yachats)
  • McCredie Hot Springs on the right just past mile-marker 45 on highway 58.
  • Blair Lake and Meditation Pool (Wall Creek), take highway 58 to Oakridge, left on Union St, right on 1st, ten miles or so to a left turn on Forest Service Road 1934. Meditation Pool is on your left after about 3/4 mile (trailhead, about 1/3 mile walk to the pool), Blair lake is all the way at the top. Be sure to detour near the top when you see a road going off to the left marked by a trail marker (picture of two people hiking) for a spectacular view. Blair lake has campsites and hiking, Meditation Pool is a warm spring.
Routes through Eugene
PortlandAlbany  N noframe S  CreswellMedford
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Simple English

Eugene, Oregon
—  City  —
Nickname(s): The Emerald City, Track Town USA
Motto: The World's Greatest City of the Arts and Outdoors
Coordinates: 44°03′07″N 123°05′12″W / 44.05194°N 123.08667°W / 44.05194; -123.08667
Country United States
State Oregon
County Lane
Founded 1846
Incorporated 1862
Government
 - Mayor Kitty Piercy
Area
 - City 40.6 sq mi (105.0 km2)
 - Land 40.02 sq mi (104.9 km2)
 - Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 430 ft (131.1 m)
Population (2008)
 - City 154,620
 Density 3,502.1/sq mi (1,354.9/km2)
 Metro 343,140
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 97401-97408, 97440
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-23850[1]
GNIS feature ID 1120527[2]
Website http://www.eugene-or.gov

Eugene is a city of Oregon in the United States. It is the county seat of Lane County. About 154,620 people were living in Eugene as of the year 2008. The city is where the University of Oregon is found.

References








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