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"Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution": Logo from the Second International Eugenics Conference, 1921, depicting it as a tree which unites a variety of different fields.
^ "Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution" : Logo from the Second International Congress of Eugenics, 1921, depicting it as a tree which unites a variety of different fields.

^ Pondering the future of humanity: reflections on John Glad's 'Future human evolution: Eugenics in the twenty-first century.'

^ Mendelian eugenics came from the application of reductionist genetics to human problems with differences seen as primarily genetic, single gene effects.

[1]
.Eugenics is the study and practice of selective breeding applied to humans, with the aim of improving the species.^ Eugenics is simply the notion that the human species can be improved by selecting the right genes.

^ The major transhumanist organizations strongly condemn the coercion involved in such policies and reject the racialist and classist assumptions on which they were based, along with the pseudoscientific notions that eugenic improvements could be accomplished in a practically meaningful time frame through selective human breeding.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This idea constitutes the sound core of eugenics, the applied science of human betterment."
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

.In a historical and broader sense, eugenics can also be a study of "improving human genetic qualities."^ Friedman writes that advances in molecular biology have improved understanding in human genetics giving rise to an extensive genetic technology.

^ Weindling emphasizes the relationship of eugenics to human genetics and provides a glimpse at the activities of many German eugenicists after the war.

^ Mendelian eugenics came from the application of reductionist genetics to human problems with differences seen as primarily genetic, single gene effects.

.Advocates of eugenics sought to counter what they regarded as dysgenic dynamics within the human gene pool.^ Eugenics is simply the notion that the human species can be improved by selecting the right genes.

^ I've never heard any liberal advocate for a policy of pushing the gene pool in any particular direction: the most anyone has argued is for allowing parents to choose, and even that is within limits and is not immune from CRITICISM over their choices.

^ Mendelian eugenics came from the application of reductionist genetics to human problems with differences seen as primarily genetic, single gene effects.

Specifically, in regard to the continuation of congenital disorders and factors impacting overall societal intelligence relating to the heritability of IQ.
.Eugenics was widely popular in the early decades of the 20th century, but has largely fallen into disrepute after having become associated with Nazi Germany.^ ABSTRACT: Eugenic sterilization in Nazi Germany.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "Abortion and eugenics in Nazi Germany."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Transhumanists holding similar views nonetheless distance themselves from the term "eugenics" (preferring "reprogenetics") to avoid having their position confused with the discredited theories and practices of early-20th-century eugenic movements.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.Since the postwar period, both the public and the scientific communities have associated eugenics with Nazi abuses, such as enforced racial hygiene, human experimentation, and the extermination of "undesired" population groups.^ Racial Hygiene: Medicine under the Nazis .
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Since the postwar period, both the public and the scientific communities have associated eugenics with Nazi abuses, such as enforced racial hygiene, human experimentation, and the extermination of undesired population groups.

^ There is one brief attempt at practical Eugenics, the Oneida Community of Noyes, which, outrunning scientific knowledge and the ideas of the day, raised the bitter antagonism of a public not yet fitted to receive it.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, developments in genetic, genomic, and reproductive technologies at the end of the 20th century have raised many new questions and concerns about what exactly constitutes the meaning of eugenics and what its ethical and moral status is in the modern era.^ But this raises difficult ethical questions.

^ ACT claims that they have no interest in reproductive cloning, but critics are still concerned about the legal and ethical implications of the technology.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Harris tackles the question of whether we should use genetic technologies to enhance the human race, or to cure dysfunctions, and whether there is a relevant moral distinction between the two applications of gene therapy.

Contents

Overview

.As a social movement, eugenics reached its height of popularity in the early decades of the 20th century.^ Social Hygiene in 20th-Century Britain.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "Social eugenics and nationalist race hygiene in early 20th century Spain."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Transhumanists holding similar views nonetheless distance themselves from the term "eugenics" (preferring "reprogenetics") to avoid having their position confused with the discredited theories and practices of early-20th-century eugenic movements.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.By the end of World War II eugenics had been largely abandoned.^ By the end of World War II, the word "eugenics" had lost much of its glittering appeal.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since World War II, interest in the type of eugenics popular in the early half of the century has changed.

^ Sterilization of the mentally ill during the years of World War II in Finland: International Journal of Mental Health Vol 36(1) Spr 2007, 58-66.

[2] .Although current trends in genetics have raised questions amongst critical academics concerning parallels between pre-war attitudes about eugenics and current "utilitarian" and social theories allegedly related to Darwinism,[3] they are, in fact, only superficially related and somewhat contradictory to one another.^ (If they do, it raises very serious questions about them, not only as a parent, but as a human being.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The author, in the course of her graduate research, discovered the records of the Vermont Eugenics Survey which collected responses of Vermont government and medical authorities to questions about eugenical sterilization.

^ He examines genetic theories of the day, and how they were adopted by eugenicists, and finally, Ludmerer demonstrates how the political and social events of the time affected the activities of American geneticists.

[4] At its pre-war height, the movement often pursued pseudoscientific notions of racial supremacy and purity.[5]
.Eugenics was practiced around the world and was promoted by governments, and influential individuals and institutions.^ There are a number of works discussing eugenics in various countries around the world.

^ With the rise of new genetic technologies, and the technical ability to change an individual's genetic heritage, eugenics is once again a topic both discussed and written about throughout the world.

^ This is different, morally, I would argue, from the promotion of voluntary "eugenics," in which a from of eugenics is voluntarily practiced and promoted to the general populace, but not forced onto people.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.Its advocates regarded it as a social philosophy for the improvement of human hereditary traits through the promotion of higher reproduction of certain people and traits, and the reduction of reproduction of certain people and traits.^ Eugenics is a social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary traits through various forms of intervention.

^ Eugenics: "A social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary qualities through selective breeding."
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eugenics: "A social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary qualities through selective breeding.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

[6]
.Today it is widely regarded as a brutal movement which inflicted massive human rights violations on millions of people.^ So asking people today to comment on thinking that's three-quarters of a century old might yield embarrassing discoveries for people right across the political spectrum.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ July 10, 2009 - 09:30 ET by Wildcatter1980 That people will not admit that abortion is the taking of a human life and that people will not admit that a fetus should have rights and protections, too.
  • Whiff of Eugenics: Ginsburg Tells NYT Roe Was About 'Populations That We Don't Want .... Too Many Of' | NewsBusters.org 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, you are right that some people may completely alter themselves so much as to no longer be human.

[7] .The "interventions" advocated and practised by eugenicists involved prominently the identification and classification of individuals and their families, including the poor, mentally ill, blind, promiscuous women, homosexuals and entire racial groups——such as the Roma and Jews——as "degenerate" or "unfit"; the segregation or institutionalisation of such individuals and groups, their sterilization, euthanasia, and in the extreme case of Nazi Germany, their mass extermination.^ Such [unfit] individuals have no rights.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ABSTRACT: Eugenic sterilization in Nazi Germany.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Many of their concerns for eugenics and racial hygiene were also explicitly present in their systematic killing of millions of "undesirable" people including Jews , gypsies , Jehovah's Witnesses and homosexuals during the Holocaust (and much of the killing equipment and methods employed in the death camps were first developed in their euthanasia program).

[8]
.The practices engaged in by eugenicists involving violations of privacy, attacks on reputation, violations of the right to life, to found a family, to freedom from discrimination are all today classified as violations of human rights.^ PM Because other privacy rights do not involve the taking of a human life.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because other privacy rights do not involve the taking of a human life.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AM What rights should human life pre-birth have to protect it from harm?
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.The practice of negative racial aspects of eugenics, after World War II, fell within the definition of the new international crime of genocide, set out in the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.^ Out of the Negative aspect of Eugenics develops the Positive.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Noting that the term eugenics was in disrepute following the atrocities of World War II, Muller says "a set of hard truths and of genuine ethical values concerning human evolution...cannot be permanently ignored or denied without ultimate disaster."

^ Eugenics was championed all over the political spectrum, but became the property of the extreme Right, which racialized an already invidious set of ideas.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

[9]
.The modern field and term were first formulated by Sir Francis Galton in 1883,[10] drawing on the recent work of his half-cousin Charles Darwin.^ Galton was Darwin’s cousin, and he came up with the term ‘eugenics’ .
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The modern field and term were first formulated by Sir Francis Galton in 1883,[3] drawing on the recent work of his cousin Charles Darwin… .
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hell, Darwin's cousin (and Dawkins hero worships Darwin) was Francis Galton, the friggeing FATHER of eugenics.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.October 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] At its peak of popularity eugenics was supported by prominent people, including Margaret Sanger,[11][12] Marie Stopes, H. G. Wells, Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, Emile Zola, George Bernard Shaw, John Maynard Keynes, John Harvey Kellogg, Linus Pauling[13] and Sidney Webb.^ Now, it is humorous to note that Margaret Sanger *was* a proponent of eugenics (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Sanger), but thats just good comedy.

^ Margaret Sanger, a eugenic believer began Planned Parenthood...you tell me what Planned Parenthood stands for if not for eugenics.
  • Whiff of Eugenics: Ginsburg Tells NYT Roe Was About 'Populations That We Don't Want .... Too Many Of' | NewsBusters.org 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

^ George Bernard Shaw, quoted in Mark Haller.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14][15][16] .Its most infamous proponent and practitioner was however Adolf Hitler who praised and incorporated eugenic ideas in Mein Kampf, and emulated Eugenic legislation for the sterilization of "defectives" that had been pioneered in the United States.^ This model law, written by Harry H. Laughlin, a leading American eugenicist, was included in his 1922 book "Eugenical Sterilization in the United States", published by the Municipal Court of Chicago.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The preface to a history of Eugenics may be compiled from barbarism, for the first Eugenist was not the Spartan legislator, but the primitive savage who killed his sickly child.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I.) Where Eugenics is most necessary, Eugenics is denied; the man who performs a task which ruins his body or his mind is set beyond the pale as a mere living instrument.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

[17]
.G. K. Chesterton was an early critic of the philosophy of eugenics, expressing this opinion in his book, Eugenics and Other Evils.^ The theory and practice of eugenics covers the entire spectrum of the "slippery slope," from artificial contraception to abortion to euthanasia to genocide, and also encompasses many other evils as well.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He notes that virtually all psychiatrists of this era expressed "an opinion favorable toward eugenics."

^ Walker's argument was at the core of the fear of "race suicide" expressed by Madison Grant and others in the 1910s and 1920s and at the core of the eugenics movement.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

Eugenics became an academic discipline at many colleges and universities, and received funding from many sources.[18] .Three International Eugenics Conferences presented a global venue for eugenicists with meetings in 1912 in London, and in 1921 and 1932 in New York.^ As depression-maddened financiers schemed in Berlin and New York, Ruoaudin was now official leader of the world eugenics movement.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "In 1932 when the [International Congress of Eugenics] met in New York, it was the Hamburg-Amerika Shipping Line, controlled by Harriman associates George Walker and Prescott Bush, that brought prominent Germans to the meeting.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1921.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Eugenic policies were first implemented in the early 1900s in the United States.^ But the history of eugenical sterilization in the United States and in other democratic countries offers little warrant for the contention.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Proctor, Robert N. "Eugenics among the social sciences: Hereditarian thought in Germany and the United States."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A classic racist book that clearly and vividly demonstrates the kind of thinking that led to eugenics, the current-day racist abortion program in the United States, and the Nazi mentality.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .Later, in the 1920s and 30s, the eugenic policy of sterilizing certain mental patients was implemented in a variety of other countries, including Belgium,[20] Brazil,[21] Canada,[22] and Sweden,[23] among others.^ Components of his movement included groups with overlapping leadership, dedicated to: · sterilization of mental patients (“ mental hygiene societies ”); · execution of the insane, criminals and the terminally ill (“ euthanasia societies ”); and · eugenical race-purification by prevention of births to parents from “ inferior ” blood stocks (“ birth control societies ”).
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the history of eugenical sterilization in the United States and in other democratic countries offers little warrant for the contention.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When I hear "eugenics" I think of some deliberate and coercive public policy to improve the species: forced sterilizations or the awful stuff the Nazis did.

.The scientific reputation of eugenics started to decline in the 1930s, a time when Ernst Rüdin used eugenics as a justification for the racial policies of Nazi Germany, and when proponents of eugenics among scientists and thinkers prompted a backlash in the public.^ "Eugenics and the development of Nazi race policy."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "Abortion and eugenics in Nazi Germany."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ ABSTRACT: Eugenic sterilization in Nazi Germany.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

Nevertheless, the second largest known eugenics program, created by social democrats in Sweden, continued until 1975.[23]
.Since the postwar period, both the public and the scientific communities have associated eugenics with Nazi abuses, such as enforced racial hygiene, human experimentation, and the extermination of "undesired" population groups.^ Racial Hygiene: Medicine under the Nazis .
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Since the postwar period, both the public and the scientific communities have associated eugenics with Nazi abuses, such as enforced racial hygiene, human experimentation, and the extermination of undesired population groups.

^ There is one brief attempt at practical Eugenics, the Oneida Community of Noyes, which, outrunning scientific knowledge and the ideas of the day, raised the bitter antagonism of a public not yet fitted to receive it.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, developments in genetic, genomic, and reproductive technologies at the end of the 20th century have raised many new questions and concerns about what exactly constitutes the meaning of eugenics and what its ethical and moral status is in the modern era.^ But this raises difficult ethical questions.

^ ACT claims that they have no interest in reproductive cloning, but critics are still concerned about the legal and ethical implications of the technology.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Harris tackles the question of whether we should use genetic technologies to enhance the human race, or to cure dysfunctions, and whether there is a relevant moral distinction between the two applications of gene therapy.

Meanings and types

.The word eugenics derives from the Greek word eu (good or well) and the suffix -genēs (born), and was coined by Sir Francis Galton in 1883, who defined it as "the study of all agencies under human control which can improve or impair the racial quality of future generations".[24] Eugenics has, from the very beginning, meant many different things to many different people.^ Sir Francis Galton (1905) .
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In reality what people define as life generally has a well defined minimum level of quality.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Eugenics is the study of the agencies under social control that may improve or impair the racial qualities of future generations either physically or mentally."
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

Historically, the term has referred to everything from prenatal care for mothers to forced sterilization and euthanasia. .Much debate has taken place in the past, as it does today, as to what exactly counts as eugenics.^ Positive Eugenics, not only in the past, but also today, is based on the analogy of animal breeding.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Aristotle, Eugenics takes its place among the forgotten ideals of the past.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nevertheless, if Eugenics had ever taken a prominent place in Athenian thought, it would have furnished a richer mine of parody than the fantastic obscenity of the Ecclesiazusae.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

[25] .Some types of eugenics deal only with perceived beneficial and/or detrimental genetic traits.^ Bishop and Waldholz go on to describe how, in the future, only the rich will be able to select their offsprings' traits by an extensive program of genetic testing.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eugenics means a centrally coordinated effort to manipulate a population's genetic makeup in the direction of some defined set of characteristics.

.These are sometimes called “pseudo-eugenics’ by proponents of strict eugenics.^ But she thinks that problems in modern genetics are real whether or not one calls these issues eugenics, e.g., the desire for "perfect babies" .

.The term eugenics is often used to refer to movements and social policies influential during the early twentieth century.^ You used that term also, as an attribute of socialism.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ABSTRACT: Useful summary of the early literature or the eugenics movement.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Transhumanists holding similar views nonetheless distance themselves from the term "eugenics" (preferring "reprogenetics") to avoid having their position confused with the discredited theories and practices of early-20th-century eugenic movements.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.In a historical and broader sense, eugenics can also be a study of "improving human genetic qualities."^ Friedman writes that advances in molecular biology have improved understanding in human genetics giving rise to an extensive genetic technology.

^ Weindling emphasizes the relationship of eugenics to human genetics and provides a glimpse at the activities of many German eugenicists after the war.

^ Mendelian eugenics came from the application of reductionist genetics to human problems with differences seen as primarily genetic, single gene effects.

.It is sometimes broadly applied to describe any human action whose goal is to improve the gene pool.^ Describing genetic intervention which is morally acceptable as therapeutic, i.e., that which "aims to remedy defects not present in normal humans", Agar says eugenic engineering occurs when the goal is "to produce individuals whose capacities go beyond the normal."

^ But when you describe eugenics as "the notion that the human species can be improved by selecting the right genes," your definition depends on either someone organizing everyone or the entire group deciding together to pursue this goal.

^ Wanting the best for your children and trying to improve the human race are two DIFFERENT goals, even if some of the criteria of "goodness" and methods are similar.

.Some forms of infanticide in ancient societies, present-day reprogenetics, preemptive abortions and designer babies have been (sometimes controversially) referred to as eugenic.^ Some fear future "Eugenics Wars", a speculative form of genetic class warfare, as the worst-case scenario.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some form of Eugenics is still necessary, but in the altered conditions a new ideal is born.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Appendix B lists the names of more than 500 members of the Eugenics Society from 1907 to the present.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because of its normative goals and historical association with scientific racism, as well as the development of the science of genetics, the western scientific community has mostly disassociated itself from the term "eugenics", although one can find advocates of what is now known as liberal eugenics.^ Since the postwar period, both the public and the scientific communities have associated eugenics with Nazi abuses, such as enforced racial hygiene, human experimentation, and the extermination of undesired population groups.

^ He certainly isn't advocating eugenics; rather, he is asking whether it's possible to discuss the matter, now that Hitler has been dead for 61 years.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is one brief attempt at practical Eugenics, the Oneida Community of Noyes, which, outrunning scientific knowledge and the ideas of the day, raised the bitter antagonism of a public not yet fitted to receive it.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Despite its ongoing criticism in the United States, several regions globally practice different forms of eugenics.^ Despite its tarnished image, the theory and practice of eugenics lives on in the United States.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the history of eugenical sterilization in the United States and in other democratic countries offers little warrant for the contention.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But while infanticide forms the basis on which the ancient system was built, the abolition of that practice has been the starting-point for the New Eugenics.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Eugenicists advocate specific policies that (if successful) they believe will lead to a perceived improvement of the human gene pool.^ Of course, it does not really matter to the eugenicists if they can control the horrors they propose to unleash; they approve of coercion in any case, and, as long as they are not victims of the programs that they spawn, they are content to sit back and observe the "cleansing" of society's gene pool.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eugenics: "A social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary qualities through selective breeding."
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And yet, modern-day eugenicists are following Hines' lead as they insist that they can control the extent to which their "reforms" are applied in society.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since defining what improvements are desired or beneficial is perceived by many as a cultural choice rather than a matter that can be determined objectively (e.g., by empirical, scientific inquiry), eugenics has often been deemed a pseudoscience.^ Marriage, recognized as an affair of the state rather than of the individual, because the interests of future generations are involved, is only to be performed in the light of scientific knowledge.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For some people, maybe many, that choice will be motivated by something more than base desire and a search for power.

[26] .The most disputed aspect of eugenics has been the definition of "improvement" of the human gene pool, such as what is a beneficial characteristic and what is a defect.^ The most disputed aspect of eugenics has been the definition of "improvement" of the human gene pool, such as what is a beneficial characteristic and what is a defect.
  • visualcomplexity.com | Radial Eugenics Diagram 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.visualcomplexity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Eugenics - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 9:43 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Eugenics are about improving the gene pool.

^ For most people, eugenics was a progressive and humane aspect of modernisation.
  • The persistence of Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.hgalert.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This aspect of eugenics has historically been tainted with scientific racism.^ This aspect of eugenics has historically been tainted with scientific racism .

^ Because of its normative goals and historical association with scientific racism , the western scientific community has mostly disassociated itself from the term "eugenics", which has also been deemed a pseudoscience.
  • visualcomplexity.com | Radial Eugenics Diagram 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.visualcomplexity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This historical examination of the heritage of the tribe also brings to light the racism of the early eugenic studies, since the familys foundation was rooted in racial hybridity.
  • Eugenics in Indiana | Bibliography 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.kobescent.com [Source type: Academic]

.Early eugenicists were mostly concerned with perceived intelligence factors that often correlated strongly with social class.^ Early eugenicists were mostly concerned with perceived intelligence factors that often correlated strongly with social class .

^ To be sure, mainline eugenicists, when speaking with care, took pains to distinguish the working classes from the degenerate "social residuum," but these fine distinctions were often blurred, and they did not lessen the offense taken by their socialist opponents.
  • CHAPTER TWO: EUGENICS AND ITS SHADOW 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.nyu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ No statistical test that these men created can prove that people who begin in the lower class are naturally less intelligent because they don't take into account the social factors as discussed above.
  • Statistics and Eugenics - Dickinson College Wiki 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC wiki.dickinson.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many eugenicists took inspiration from the selective breeding of animals (where purebreds are often strived for) as their analogy for improving human society.^ Positive Eugenics, not only in the past, but also today, is based on the analogy of animal breeding.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Weindling emphasizes the relationship of eugenics to human genetics and provides a glimpse at the activities of many German eugenicists after the war.

^ A parent arranges a marriage of a daughter to a powerful and wealthy man, men attempt to attract and procreate with the most beautiful women, short men and women attempt the same with taller partners, and even the ban in most societies on marriage between siblings these are all improving human hereditary qualities through selective breeding.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.The mixing of races (or miscegenation) was usually considered as something to be avoided in the name of racial purity.^ They say it is best to race-mix, and that will solve all racial differences.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

.At the time this concept appeared to have some scientific support, and it remained a contentious issue until the advanced development of genetics led to a scientific consensus that the division of the human species into unequal races is unjustifiable.^ They remained active in promoting scientific investigation into eugenic topics, sponsoring five conferences at Princeton University between 1964 and 1969 on population genetics and demography, and drawing an international cast of scientists.
  • American Eugenics Society Papers :: American Philosophical Society 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.amphilsoc.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Friedman writes that advances in molecular biology have improved understanding in human genetics giving rise to an extensive genetic technology.

^ Since the medical profession has divided human gestation into trimesters, it is convenient to use that as a cut-off point with regard to giving "enough time".
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

Eugenics has also been concerned with the elimination of hereditary diseases such as hemophilia and Huntington's disease. .However, there are several problems with labeling certain factors as genetic defects.^ However severe and continuous the selection, there is a point beyond which advance cannot go.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since differentiation is an indispensable factor in human progress, there arises the further problem of a Eugenic ethnology.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is the recognition, also, that Eugenics is the sphere of the physician as well as of the philosopher; that quantity is a factor in the problem as well as quality; that selective Eugenics must regard the psychical as well as the physical.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.In many cases there is no scientific consensus on what a genetic defect is.^ There is no atavistic heritage of a special season for reproduction which the human race have originally shown analogous to what one finds to-day in many species of animals."
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A global warming treaty must be implemented even if there is no scientific evidence to back the [enhanced] greenhouse effect.” .
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Certainly there is no natural right to spawn defective children who must be supported by others through taxation or charity.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is often argued that this is more a matter of social or individual choice.^ [We have a choice of] a painless weeding out before birth or a more painful and wasteful elimination of individuals [with low IQ] after birth.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's a matter of individuals having the freedom to make choices whether or not we like their reasons.

.What appears to be a genetic defect in one context or environment may not be so in another.^ Duster describes an individual's choice concerning genetic screening and/or prenatal testing as one that necessarily takes place within a socioeconomic context that can be coercive, and suggests that "...

.This can be the case for genes with a heterozygote advantage, such as sickle cell anemia or Tay-Sachs disease, which in their heterozygote form may offer an advantage against, respectively, malaria and tuberculosis.^ Indeed, it may be the case that people further down society have more to gain (in terms of improved health, reduced genetic disease burden...
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is there any good reason why terrible genetic diseases such as Tay-Sachs should NOT be bred out of the human genome?

^ If I had known my child had Tay-Sachs, knowing it causes slow, painfull death, I may have opted for termination.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although some birth defects are uniformly lethal, disabled persons can succeed in life.^ I think it's inhuman to allow a child with birth defects to suffer a life not worth living.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of the conditions early eugenicists identified as inheritable (pellagra is one such example) are currently considered to be at least partially, if not wholly, attributed to environmental conditions.^ However consider this, "free from disease" is mainly an environmental condition, genetics plays a part, but modern medicice has removed many diseases from a common occurance.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This abounding vitality shows in many other ways, such as the negro's ability to survive harsh conditions of slavery under which other races have soon succumbed ...
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This doesn't rule out other reasons such as environmental or spiritual, but does indicate at least one part of vampirism is genetic."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

.Similar concerns have been raised when a prenatal diagnosis of a congenital disorder leads to abortion (see also preimplantation genetic diagnosis).^ 'Preimplantation diagnosis of genetic disease provides an alternative to the therapeutic abortion offered to couples at risk of producing children with severe inherited disorders,' Holding and Monk asserted.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One can make the case that a combination of genetic testing and abortion rights will lead to unintended "eugenic" consequences.

^ As I see it, the ENTIRE human family could easily be raised up to their full happy healthy human potential without all this transhuman- genetic – culling bulls---.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

.Eugenic policies have been conceptually divided into two categories.^ Marriage is thus divided into two periods, and this first period is to last for seventeen years, not ten as in the Laws.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Positive eugenics is aimed at encouraging reproduction among the genetically advantaged.^ "Positive eugenics" programs tried to encourage the population perceived as the "best and brightest" to have more offspring (V, Ludmerer, 1978, p.

^ Positive Eugenics the preferential breeding of so-called superior individuals in order to improve the genetic stock of the human race.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He defends positive eugenics saying these practices are designed to benefit those who have the least advantage, furthering "a system of basic equal liberties."

Possible approaches include financial and political stimuli, targeted demographic analyses, in vitro fertilization, egg transplants, and cloning.[27] .Negative eugenics is aimed at lowering fertility among the genetically disadvantaged.^ He claims these principles are "incompatible with negative eugenics which would further penalize those with genetic disadvantage."

.This includes abortions, sterilization, and other methods of family planning.^ The Federal government continues to fund 90 percent of the cost of sterilization of poor women under Medicaid and other family planning programs, but will not pay for infertility treatments.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This, then, is the Planned Parenthood mission: Target the poor and the handicapped and emphasize sterilization, abortion, and contraception instead of real help.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27] .Both positive and negative eugenics can be coercive.^ These objectives include not only the elimination of 'bad human stock' through negative eugenics, but also the 'bio-engineering' of an 'improved' human being through positive eugenics.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Noting the possibility for both positive and negative eugenics, he thinks that present day public policy will offset any return to eugenics since "the past has much to teach about how to avoid repeating its mistakes, not to mentions its sins".

^ In order to be able to understand and discuss the eugenics mentality and its goals, it is necessary to define the differences between positive and negative eugenics.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Abortion by "fit" women was illegal in Nazi Germany and in the Soviet Union during Stalin's reign.^ "Abortion and eugenics in Nazi Germany."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]
.During the 20th century, many countries enacted various eugenics policies and programs, including: genetic screening, birth control, promoting differential birth rates, marriage restrictions, segregation (both racial segregation as well as segregation of the mentally ill from the rest of the population), compulsory sterilization, forced abortions or forced pregnancies and genocide.^ That’s the whole point of genetic screening eugenics.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I am strongly against abortion, but birth control is not abortion.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Abortion is legal in many countries, including many countries with sexist, illiberal cultures.

.Most of these policies were later regarded as coercive and/or restrictive, and now few jurisdictions implement policies that are explicitly labeled as eugenic or unequivocally eugenic in substance.^ The most obvious of these is eugenics .
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So if these newly branded "progressives" are (as you argue) for pre-natal eugenics via abortion, then it's fair to say that conservatives are for post-natal eugenics via their economic and social policies.

^ ET might want to avoid binaries now that he's been alerted to them, but for most here, it seems that "socialism" is whatever they don't like in government policy.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, some private organizations assist people in genetic counseling, and reprogenetics may be considered as a form of non-state-enforced liberal eugenics.^ They push abortion, infanticide, contraceptive imperialism, eugenic euthanasia, genetic counseling and mapping, in-vitro fertilization, sterilization, sex education, and sex therapy, and a universe of other horrors that once were unthinkable to moral people .
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All these formulations of Eugenics are aristocratic and parochial; they are to benefit the people of a single state, and only a section within that state.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1923, when warning of "The Menace of Modern Immigration" at the Texas State Fair (on Klan Day), he conceded that Jews were a talented people who obeyed "eugenic" laws.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

Implementation methods

.There are three main ways by which the methods of eugenics can be applied.^ There is nothing wrong with eugenics except the way it's defined by its critics.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.May 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] One is mandatory eugenics or authoritarian eugenics, in which the government mandates a eugenics program.^ Big_Mike Says: September 5th, 2008 at 9:19 pm Uh, at the risk of sounding racist (which I’m not, it’s all about class in this country), this country has already had a eugenics program.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ever since the rise of the Nazi regime in Germany an objection that has frequently been raised against eugenical sterilization is that a voluntary sterilization program may turn into a compulsory one.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although I am opposed to Eugenics- when one views the genetic speciment now occupying the White House- one wonders if the country hasn’t lost it’s way- genetically.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Policies and/or legislation is often seen as being coercive and restrictive. .Another is promotional voluntary eugenics, in which eugenics is voluntarily practiced and promoted to the general population, but not officially mandated.^ This is different, morally, I would argue, from the promotion of voluntary "eugenics," in which a from of eugenics is voluntarily practiced and promoted to the general populace, but not forced onto people.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eugenics has been promoted not as a general philosophy of man, but inherently as a system of state control– where reproduction must be guided by "wisemen" of one brand or another.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yet another was the Voluntary Euthanasia Society, which aggressively promoted "mercy killing."
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is a form of non-state enforced eugenics, using a liberal or democratic approach, which can mostly be seen in the 1900s.^ But the history of eugenical sterilization in the United States and in other democratic countries offers little warrant for the contention.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is there a Liberal plan using eugenics to perfect some kind of Liberal race?
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most transhumanist thinkers instead advocate a form of egalitarian liberal eugenics.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

[28] .The third is private eugenics, which is practiced voluntarily by individuals and groups, but not promoted to the general population.^ Church Age : Many occult groups historically practiced vampirism and promoted blood rituals.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is different, morally, I would argue, from the promotion of voluntary "eugenics," in which a from of eugenics is voluntarily practiced and promoted to the general populace, but not forced onto people.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, it seems to me that this practice runs counter to the original philosophy of insurance which is to spread the risk (and associated cost) of individuals across a large population.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

Notable proponents

.Charles Davenport, a scientist from the United States stands out as history's leading eugenicist.^ This model law, written by Harry H. Laughlin, a leading American eugenicist, was included in his 1922 book "Eugenical Sterilization in the United States", published by the Municipal Court of Chicago.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ But the history of eugenical sterilization in the United States and in other democratic countries offers little warrant for the contention.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, it is safe to assume that even more influential eugenicists sit on the boards of anti-life organizations in the United States than do in Britain.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He took eugenics from a scientific idea to a worldwide movement implemented in many countries.^ "In 1932, the British-led 'Eugenics' movement designated the Rockefellers' Dr. Rudin as the president of the worldwide Eugenics Federation.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

[29] .Davenport obtained funding to establish the Biological Experiment Station at Cold Spring Harbor in 1904[30] and the Eugenics Records Office in 1910, which provided the scientific basis for later Eugenic policies.^ The Congress proceedings were dedicated to Averell Harriman’s mother; she had paid for the founding of the race-science movement in America back in 1910, building the Eugenics Record Office as a branch of the Galton National Laboratory in London.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31] .He became the first President of the International Federation of Eugenics Organizations (IFEO) in 1925, an organization he was instrumental in building.^ "In 1932, the British-led 'Eugenics' movement designated the Rockefellers' Dr. Rudin as the president of the worldwide Eugenics Federation.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ International Federation of Secular Humanist Jews ~ Cultural organization offers events on Judaism.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1963, the British Eugenics Society resolved that its "activities in crypto-eugenics should be pursued vigorously," and that it "should increase its monetary support of the International Planned Parenthood Federation."
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32]
.In 1932 Davenport welcomed Ernst Rüdin, a prominent Swiss eugenicist and race scientist, as his successor in the position of President of the IFEO.[33] Rüdin worked closely with Alfred Ploetz, his brother-in-law and co-founder with him of the German Society for the Racial Hygiene.^ Rudin was unanimously elected president of the International Federation of Eugenics Societies for his work in founding the German Society for Race Hygiene, a forerunner of Hitler's racial institutes."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "German-Soviet medical co-operation and the Institute for Racial Research, 1927-c.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Weindling, Paul J. "German-Soviet co-operation in science: The case of the Laboratory for Racial Research, 1931-1938."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

[34] .Other prominent figures in the Eugenics included Harry Laughlin (United States), Irving Fischer (United States), Eugen Fischer (Germany), Madison Grant (United States), Lucien Howe (United States), and Margaret Sanger (United States).^ These laws were patterned on the Model Eugenical Sterilization Law, promulgated by Harry H. Laughlin, director of the Eugenics Record Office.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two years later, The Eugenic Record Office was founded in the United States.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the United States, all other racial groups show high levels of solidarity but whites do not.
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

[35]

History

Pre-Galtonian philosophies

.The basic ideas of eugenics can be found from the beginnings of humanity.^ Several Christian denominations had already clearly perceived the threat of eugenics to humanity before the beginning of World War II, and they moved swiftly to condemn it.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One idea devours another; there is thesis and antithesis, and the final synthesis, if achieved at all, is found at the end and not at the beginning.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aunt Alice had founded the “ Human Betterment League, ” the North Carolina branch of the national eugenical sterilization movement.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Tribes such as the Fans, aboriginal tribes and ancient Prussian tribes all carried out policies reminiscent of eugenics.^ While it had a few good scenes (the real toilet recliner) all in all it seemed to support rather then ridicule the eugenics myths/philosophy regarding intelligence breeding out.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36] .A form of eugenics is even advocated in the Tanakh and Catholic Bible.^ Most transhumanist thinkers instead advocate a form of egalitarian liberal eugenics.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.Taking a wife from outside one's kinsmen was considered tantamount to sin.^ If your wife can take six months off every two years to squeeze another one out and breastfeed it, then fine.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Despite all the prohibitions concerning sex in Leviticus, marriage with one's first cousin is still permitted.[37]
.The philosophy was most famously expounded by Plato, who believed human reproduction should be monitored and controlled by the state.^ "Eugenics" means wanting to control human reproduction in order to improve the hereditary qualities of the human race.

^ I believe in reproductive rights; In the United States, the public debate surrounding reproduction rights is often about abortion rights.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The state education of the fourth century may have owed something to Plato and Aristotle, but there is no state control of marriage.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, Plato understood this form of government control would not be readily accepted, and proposed the truth be concealed from the public via a fixed lottery.^ However much such women might have bridled at Senator Reed's sarcasm, they would have accepted his verdict that the vote had not ushered in "the prophesied millennium."
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Totally putting abortion aside, it would seem that parents or perhaps the government would have a totalitarian control over their children that contradicts Western philosophy.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If it is proposed to inculcate some truth or to foster some feeling by the encouragement of a great example, they form a society.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Mates, in Plato’s Republic, would be chosen by a “marriage number” in which the quality of the individual would be quantitatively analyzed, and persons of high numbers would be allowed to procreate with other persons of high numbers.^ I love the fact that Reform Judaism allows personal autonomy, allowing the individual to determine the best way to live life as a modern jew.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Life expectancy, life quality, social status, mate selection -- these are environmental boons to be won or lost by individual humans.

^ Individuality is the state or quality of being an individual; a person separate from other persons and possessing his or her own needs, goals, and desires.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.In theory, this would lead to predictable results and the improvement of the human race.^ "Toward the improvement of the human race: The history of eugenics in France."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ It would be Farnsworth who would lead the successful campaign against William Robinson Pattangall in the 1924 Maine gubernatorial race.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ 'He would have sacrificed the happiness of the whole human race if ordered to do so by the mysterious Force whose commands he obeyed.'
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

However, Plato acknowledged the failure of the “marriage number” since “gold soul” persons could still produce “bronze soul” children.[citation needed]
.Plato's ideas may have been one of the earliest attempts to mathematically analyze genetic inheritance, which was not perfected until the development of Mendelian genetics and the mapping of the human genome.^ It may attempt to reject the social hierarchies but there always is one.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the advancement in the genome project I would assume that most people given the opportunity would choose to have their child genetically manipulated in order to create a perfect person.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The valetudinarian who would have been left to die in the Republic may one day be eliminated by the humaner methods of Aristotle.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Other ancient civilizations, such as Rome, Athens[38] and Sparta, practiced infanticide through exposure as a form of phenotypic selection.^ The systematized infanticide of Sparta, so far from being a recrudescence to atavism is an advance towards civilization.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is, however, one other ancient race, amongst whom we find traces of Eugenic practiceÑthe sturdy warriors of Germania Transrhenana, or Barbara.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At Rome, among the many excuses for exposure or infanticide recognized by custom, was the birth of a child after the will had been made.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

In Sparta, newborns were inspected by the city's elders, who decided the fate of the infant. If the child was deemed incapable of living, it was usually exposed[39] in the Apothetae near the Taygetus mountain. .It was more common for boys than girls to be killed this way in Sparta.^ We more often performed the operation on girls than with boys.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She was allowed to kill infants up until their naming day (I believe 7 days for girls and 8 days for boys), unless they had a charm over their sleeping place with the names of the angels on them.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Her girlish ways may make a stir, Her manners cause a scene, But there is no more harm in her Than in a submarine.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

[40] Trials for babies included bathing them in wine and exposing them to the elements. To Sparta, this would ensure only the strongest survived and procreated.[41] .Adolf Hitler considered Sparta to be the first "Völkisch State," and much like Ernst Haeckel before him, praised Sparta due to its primitive form of eugenics practice of selective infanticide policy which was applied on deformed children though the Nazis believed the children were killed outright and not exposed.^ The seers will come before Him and they will be seen before Him, And they will praise Jahshuwah for His love because HE IS NEAR and beholdeth.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So much importance did Aristotle attach to education that, like Sparta, he would make it entirely an affair of the state.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The preface to a history of Eugenics may be compiled from barbarism, for the first Eugenist was not the Spartan legislator, but the primitive savage who killed his sickly child.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

[42][43][44]
.The Twelve Tables of Roman Law, established early in the formation of the Roman Republic, stated in the fourth table that deformed children must be put to death.^ Among the Prussians the aged and infirm, the sick and deformed, were unhesitatingly put to death.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To limit the number of their children or to put to death any of the later born, they regarded as an act repugnant to human nature (flagitium).
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a state where the best children were foundlings and the rest were eliminated at birth, the infantile death-rate would have more than counterbalanced any rise in the birth-rate.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

In addition, patriarchs in Roman society were given the right to "discard" infants at their discretion. This was often done by drowning undesired newborns in the Tiber River. The practice of open infanticide in the Roman Empire did not subside until its Christianization.

Galton's theory

Sir Francis Galton initially developed the ideas of eugenics using social statistics.
.Sir Francis Galton systematized these ideas and practices according to new knowledge about the evolution of man and animals provided by the theory of his cousin Charles Darwin during the 1860s and 1870s.^ Charles Darwin, the "Father of Modern Eugenics," recommended handling human beings and animals identically in his work The Descent of Man ; .
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only some powerful and long-continued pressure could have brought about the reversal of sentiments which must have been innate in primitive man as much as in other animals.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hell, Darwin's cousin (and Dawkins hero worships Darwin) was Francis Galton, the friggeing FATHER of eugenics.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.After reading Darwin's Origin of Species, Galton built upon Darwin's ideas whereby the mechanisms of natural selection were potentially thwarted by human civilization.^ So the voluntary selection that Orac discusses, since it uses a test other natural human sexual arousal, is eugenics.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pro-eugenics "historians" were so sensitive to negative connotations that they even shortened the original title of Charles Darwin's famous book The Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection on the Preservation of Favored Species for Life to The Origin of the Species .
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eugenics is simply the notion that the human species can be improved by selecting the right genes.

He reasoned that, since many human societies sought to protect the underprivileged and weak, those societies were at odds with the natural selection responsible for extinction of the weakest; and only by changing these social policies could society be saved from a "reversion towards mediocrity," a phrase he first coined in statistics and which later changed to the now common "regression towards the mean."[45]
.Galton first sketched out his theory in the 1865 article "Hereditary Talent and Character," then elaborated further in his 1869 book Hereditary Genius.^ Although eugenicists of one stripe or another have always been with us, perhaps the beginning of the modern organized eugenics movement in the West can be benchmarked by Francis Galton's 1869 work Hereditary Genius , in which the author distinguished 'positive' and 'negative' eugenics.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46] .He began by studying the way in which human intellectual, moral, and personality traits tended to run in families.^ He began by studying the way in which human intellectual, moral, and personality traits tended to run in families.

^ Galton's theory, which he first sketched out in his 1865 article "Hereditary Talent and Character," and elaborated in his 1869 book Hereditary Genius, began by studying the way in which human intellectual, moral, and personality traits tended to run in families.

^ Previous all-encompassing and omnicompetent plans tended to end traumatically - especially when they contrasted a human elite with a dispensable underclass of persons.
  • Zinos.com - eZine directory, digest and database 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.zinos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Racing Down - Eugenics and the Future of the Human Species 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Eugenics - a knol by Sam Vaknin 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Galton's basic argument was "genius" and "talent" were hereditary traits in humans (although neither he nor Darwin yet had a working model of this type of heredity).^ Charles Darwin, the "Father of Modern Eugenics," recommended handling human beings and animals identically in his work The Descent of Man ; .
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although eugenicists of one stripe or another have always been with us, perhaps the beginning of the modern organized eugenics movement in the West can be benchmarked by Francis Galton's 1869 work Hereditary Genius , in which the author distinguished 'positive' and 'negative' eugenics.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He concluded since one could use artificial selection to exaggerate traits in other animals, one could expect similar results when applying such models to humans.^ (If I could choose one trait to breed humans for it'd be reduced gullibility.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the medical profession has divided human gestation into trimesters, it is convenient to use that as a cut-off point with regard to giving "enough time".
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The author addresses complicated issues that apply to the beginning of human life: In-vitro fertilization, artificial insemination, cloning, and genetic tinkering.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As he wrote in the introduction to Hereditary Genius:
I propose to show in this book that a man's natural abilities are derived by inheritance, under exactly the same limitations as are the form and physical features of the whole organic world. Consequently, as it is easy, notwithstanding those limitations, to obtain by careful selection a permanent breed of dogs or horses gifted with peculiar powers of running, or of doing anything else, so it would be quite practicable to produce a highly-gifted race of men by judicious marriages during several consecutive generations.[47]
.Galton claimed that the less intelligent were more fertile than the more intelligent of his time.^ As I recall, SSM had less than the majority of Canadians supporting it at the time.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The eugenics movement now has more than twice as many full-time employees than it did when it originally flowered in the 1920s and 1930s.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With increased knowledge to justify restrictions, the modern state may be purged of the pauper more slowly, but no less surely, than the Platonic state of the Laws.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Galton did not propose any selection methods; rather, he hoped a solution would be found if social mores changed in a way that encouraged people to see the importance of breeding.^ But if the above is what you mean by a "definition" of conservatism, I would submit that I have provided, in a number of posts, even more detail with respect to socialism.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Worse, the Nazis decided on who should live and who should die not based on what would be good for people or their offspring, but rather primarily on economic grounds.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He isn’t simply encouraging people to go out and breed in order to perpetuate their worldviews (which would be a plenty stupid assertion all by itself.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He first used the word eugenic in his 1883 Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development,[48] a book in which he meant "to touch on various topics more or less connected with that of the cultivation of race, or, as we might call it, with 'eugenic' questions." He included a footnote to the word "eugenic" which read:
That is, with questions bearing on what is termed in Greek, eugenes namely, good in stock, hereditary endowed with noble qualities. .This, and the allied words, eugeneia, etc., are equally applicable to men, brutes, and plants.^ The conclusion of the book is that men are not equal, and that the Declaration of Independence is badly worded.
  • Eugenics, Population Control, Racism, Birth Control 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.emmerich1.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This, and the allied words, eugeneia , etc., are equally applicable to men, brutes, and plants.
  • Eugenics - Biocrawler, the free encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.biocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Eugenics - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 9:43 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The book concludes that all men are not equal, and that the Declaration of Independence is badly worded.
  • American Bioethics Advisory Commission 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.all.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.We greatly want a brief word to express the science of improving stock, which is by no means confined to questions of judicious mating, but which, especially in the case of man, takes cognizance of all influences that tend in however remote a degree to give to the more suitable races or strains of blood a better chance of prevailing speedily over the less suitable than they otherwise would have had.^ They would have more and better products than dreamed of in earlier ages.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It would be better to encourage the breeding of more intelligent people rather than the less intelligent.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have no more qualms about killing a fetus than I would about killing any other parasite.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.The word eugenics would sufficiently express the idea; it is at least a neater word and a more generalized one than viticulture which I once ventured to use.^ Why would there be more than one social class?
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both are instances of one generation attempting to influence the next in a particular direction, the ethical dimensions of which process should probably be contemplated more widely than they are.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I think the word eugenics is being used here is a rather expansive way.

[49]
.In 1904 he clarified his definition of eugenics as "the science which deals with all influences that improve the inborn qualities of a race; also with those that develop them to the utmost advantage."^ "Eugenics and the development of Nazi race policy."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ In all the discussion, it seems like there hasn't been much emphasis put on what the product of eugenics would have to deal with.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These barbaric Eugenics, therefore, eliminating at birth those foredoomed to perish in the struggle for existence, were concerned with questions both of quantity and quality.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

[50]
.Galton's formulation of eugenics was based on a strong statistical approach, influenced heavily by Adolphe Quetelet's "social physics". Unlike Quetelet, however, Galton did not exalt the "average man" but decried him as mediocre.^ By the way, understanding factors of symmetry and asymmetry, within the realms of the physical, chemical and biological realms is not reductionism, and is a strong analytic base to use when understanding the social realm.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Modern Eugenics is based on Evolution- not a passive form, but one that concedes some latitude to the guiding action of the human will (Galton, " Essays in Eugenics," p.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two thousand years after Aristotle Galton formulated the first scientific scheme of Eugenics.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Galton and his statistical heir Karl Pearson developed what was called the biometrical approach to eugenics, which developed new and complex statistical models (later exported to wholly different fields) to describe the heredity of traits.^ Galton and his statistical heir Karl Pearson developed what was called the biometrical approach to eugenics, which developed new and complex statistical models (later exported to wholly different fields) to describe the heredity of traits.

^ Galton and his statistical heir, Karl Pearson , developed what was known as the biometrical approach to eugenics, which developed new and complex statistical models (later exported to wholly different fields) to describe the heredity of traits.
  • Eugenics - Biocrawler, the free encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.biocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Karl Pearson, Galton’s disciple, who wrote a four-volume biography published between 1914 and 1930, spoke benevolently of Galton’s character and personality: he describes him as “affectionate” and “modest”.
  • How Eugenics Began – Roger Sandall 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.rogersandall.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, with the rediscovery of Gregor Mendel's hereditary laws, two separate camps of eugenics advocates emerged.^ Eugenics: "A social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary qualities through selective breeding."
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hilts, Victor L. "Obeying the laws of hereditary descent: Phrenological views on inheritance and eugenics."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Eugenics: "A social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary qualities through selective breeding.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.One was made up of statisticians, the other of biologists.^ One was made up of statisticians, the other of biologists.

^ The brown shirts and other “tools” of civil unrest were the first ones lined up and shot once power was obtained.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We're talking about state coercion on the one hand, and decisions made by individuals and families on the other.

Statisticians thought the biologists had exceptionally crude mathematical models, while biologists thought the statisticians knew little about biology.[51]
.Eugenics eventually referred to human selective reproduction with an intent to create children with desirable traits, generally through the approach of influencing differential birth rates.^ Eugenics eventually referred to human selective reproduction with an intent to create children with desirable traits, generally through the approach of influencing differential birth rates .

^ Eugenic selection on traits, through to eugenic selection on groups.
  • The Talk.Origins Archive Post of the Month: November 2000 20 September 2009 9:43 UTC www.talkorigins.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eugenics is the attempt to improve the physical and mental characteristics of the human race by encouraging the reproduction of the ‘fit’ and by decreasing or preventing that of the ‘unfit’.
  • Hooray for eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC creation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These policies were mostly divided into two categories: positive eugenics, the increased reproduction of those seen to have advantageous hereditary traits; and negative eugenics, the discouragement of reproduction by those with hereditary traits perceived as poor.^ So if these newly branded "progressives" are (as you argue) for pre-natal eugenics via abortion, then it's fair to say that conservatives are for post-natal eugenics via their economic and social policies.

^ These barbaric Eugenics, therefore, eliminating at birth those foredoomed to perish in the struggle for existence, were concerned with questions both of quantity and quality.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Negative aspect, giving rise to the Positive, fades into the background, and is retained merely as a check on the imperfections of a constructive scheme.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Negative eugenic policies in the past have ranged from attempts at segregation to sterilization and even genocide.^ Eugenics and the Welfare State: Sterilization Policy in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Finland .
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Positive eugenic policies have typically taken the form of awards or bonuses for "fit" parents who have another child.^ "Positive" eugenic policies have been typically awards or bonuses for "fit" parents after having another child, though even relatively innocuous things like marriage counseling have had early links with eugenic ideology.
  • Eugenics - Biocrawler, the free encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.biocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Positive eugenic policies have typically taken the form of awards or bonuses for "fit" parents who have another child.

^ In terms of voluntary eugenics, I am hesitant to compare women and families who are in certain positions, to the main characters and players I talk about in this piece.
  • America's Unknown & Forgotten Eugenics Program by Edward Rhymes Christian Cultural Proficiency Institute 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC searchwarp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Relatively innocuous practices like marriage counseling had early links with eugenic ideology.^ Relatively innocuous practices like marriage counseling had early links with eugenic ideology.

^ "Positive" eugenic policies have been typically awards or bonuses for "fit" parents after having another child, though even relatively innocuous things like marriage counseling have had early links with eugenic ideology.
  • Eugenics - Biocrawler, the free encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.biocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the early 1930’s the Communists and Nazi’s in Germany clashed multiple times, not over ideology, but over recruitment of the same group of like minded people.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

.Eugenics is superficially related to what would later be known as Social Darwinism.^ (Indeed, the discrediting of eugenics and social Darwinism is one of the many goods that came about because the Allies beat the Nazis in the Second World War.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While some acknowledge the differences between coercive and elective forms of eugenics, they argue that the social stratification that may result from the latter would still be problematic.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This sort of eugenics stuff, along with a corresponding fixation on "ethnology" is part and parcel of that bastard child of Charles Darwin: Social Darwinism.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.While both claimed intelligence was hereditary, eugenics asserted new policies were needed to actively change the status quo towards a more "eugenic" state, while the Social Darwinists argued society itself would naturally "check" the problem of "dysgenics" if no welfare policies were in place (for example, the poor might reproduce more but would have higher mortality rates).^ So if these newly branded "progressives" are (as you argue) for pre-natal eugenics via abortion, then it's fair to say that conservatives are for post-natal eugenics via their economic and social policies.

^ Would you argue against vaccination on the moral grounds that it's an effort to make children "more perfect."

^ "Sir Charles Mackellar: Psychiatry, eugenics and child welfare in New South Wales, 1900-1914."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

[4]

Britain

Galton's view of the British class structure was the basis and emphasis of the eugenics movement in Britain.
.In Britain, eugenics never received significant state funding, but it was supported by many prominent figures of different political persuasions before World War I, including: Liberal economists William Beveridge and John Maynard Keynes; Fabian socialists such as Irish author George Bernard Shaw, H. G. Wells and Sidney Webb; the future Prime Minister Winston Churchill; and Conservatives such as Arthur Balfour.^ George Bernard Shaw, quoted in Mark Haller.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Comparisons of the first and second Klans yield a great many differences, as well.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ (Indeed, the discrediting of eugenics and social Darwinism is one of the many goods that came about because the Allies beat the Nazis in the Second World War.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

[16]
.Furthermore, its emphasis was more upon social class, rather than race.^ We have seen more than once that the public welfare may call upon the best citizens for their lives [in warfare].
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But, it's a basic and valid definition, for socialism effectively is focused around public or common rather than private ownership, with a centralist state administration.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because the concept of “our kind” includes a lot more than race – also intellectual capability, heterosexuality, and able-bodied-ness.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52] .Indeed, Galton expressed these views during a lecture in 1901 in which he placed the British society into groups.^ We can't fly, we can't survive without food or water, we are daily forced into competition in order to justify our place in society.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

These groupings are shown in the figure and indicate the proportion of society falling into each group and their perceived genetic worth. Galton suggested that negative eugenics (i.e. an attempt to prevent them from bearing offspring) should be applied only to those in the lowest social group (the "Undesirables"), while positive eugenics applied to the higher classes. However, he appreciated the worth of the higher working classes to society and industry.
.Sterilisation programmes were never legalised, although some were carried out in private upon the mentally ill by clinicians who were in favour of a more widespread eugenics plan.^ It is frightening indeed that their more conventional ideas (still laced with the poisonous eugenics theory) have gained widespread acceptance in our Western society.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before Germany's Sterilization Act was passed, California was the world's primary eugenics experimentation entity, with more than 15,000 involuntary sterilizations of psychiatric inmates.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the practice of enforced sterilization has largely been stamped out, it is interesting to note that Neofeminists commonly use it as a red herring by tying it to abortion 'rights.'
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52] .(Sterilization had, in fact, been carried out to prevent masturbation in mentally ill patients since the 1820s, long before the eugenics movement.^ Carrie Buck, the first victim of Virginia's compulsory sterilization law of 1924, and also the victim of a rape, may have been institutionalized in an effort to hide the shame of her pregnancy and the identity of her rapist, rather than as a result of mental illness [Keywords: eugenics ] .
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Greer examines chastity, attitudes towards fertility, sterility, and childbirth; abortion and euthanasia; and the histories of the birth-control and eugenics movements.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The eugenics "movement" flourished long before Hitler came to power, and it is certainly alive and well today.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.February 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]) Indeed, those in support of eugenics shifted their lobbying of Parliament from enforced to voluntary sterilization, in the hope of achieving more legal recognition.^ Ever since the rise of the Nazi regime in Germany an objection that has frequently been raised against eugenical sterilization is that a voluntary sterilization program may turn into a compulsory one.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is frightening indeed that their more conventional ideas (still laced with the poisonous eugenics theory) have gained widespread acceptance in our Western society.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before Germany's Sterilization Act was passed, California was the world's primary eugenics experimentation entity, with more than 15,000 involuntary sterilizations of psychiatric inmates.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52] .But leave for the Labour Party Member of Parliament Major A. G. Church, to propose a Private Member's Bill in 1931, which would legalise the operation for voluntary sterilization, was rejected by 167 votes to 89.[53] The limited popularity of eugenics in Britain was reflected by the fact that only two universities established courses in this field (University College London and Liverpool University).^ "Eugenics and the campaign for voluntary sterilization in Britain between the wars."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Clarence Gamble, heir to the Proctor and Gamble soap fortune, was the sterilizers’ national field operations chief.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ABSTRACT: Examines the intellectual, social, and political background to the 1928 bill legalizing eugenic sterilization [Keywords: eugenics ] .
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The Galton Institute, affiliated to UCL, was headed by Galton's protégé, Karl Pearson.^ ABSTRACT: On the history of the elimination of 'eugenics' from the names of institutions established by Galton and Pearson to advance the study of eugenics [Keywords: eugenics ] .
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

United States

.One of the earliest modern advocates of eugenics (before it was labeled as such) was Alexander Graham Bell.^ Of course, no one has yet to offer a single shred of evidence from any modern progressive that proves he/she favors eugenics (the real version, not Ross' weak interpretation of it).

^ To judge progressives as eugenics advocates is to make a normative judgment, one which progressives disagree with.

^ Of all the stances of the old progressives, eugenics has to be the one most unrelated to modern progressive policies.

In 1881 Bell investigated the rate of deafness on Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts. .From this he concluded that deafness was hereditary in nature and, through noting that congenitally deaf parents were more likely to produce deaf children, tentatively suggested that couples where both were deaf should not marry, in his lecture Memoir upon the formation of a deaf variety of the human race presented to the National Academy of Sciences on 13 November 1883.[54] However, it was his hobby of livestock breeding which led to his appointment to biologist David Starr Jordan's Committee on Eugenics, under the auspices of the American Breeders Association.^ The Congress proceedings were dedicated to Averell Harriman’s mother; she had paid for the founding of the race-science movement in America back in 1910, building the Eugenics Record Office as a branch of the Galton National Laboratory in London.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another 'bioethicist,' Dr. Robert C. Gesteland, an associate professor of biological sciences at Northwestern University in Illinois, has suggested (1) crossing humans with plants, so all we'd need for food would be water and sunlight; (2) developing a servant class of super-intelligent apes; and (3) best of all, breeding a race of humans only four inches tall, which would lessen pollution and conserve natural resources.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under the Empire we find Seneca asserting once more the Eugenic justification of infanticide.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

The committee unequivocally extended the principle to man.[55]
.During the 20th century, researchers interested in familial mental disorders conducted a number of studies to document the heritability of such illnesses as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression.^ A study of the formation of an early 20th-century pressure group."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Their findings were used by the eugenics movement as proof for its cause.^ ABSTRACT: Useful summary of the early literature or the eugenics movement.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

.State laws were written in the late 1800s and early 1900s to prohibit marriage and force sterilization of the mentally ill in order to prevent the "passing on" of mental illness to the next generation.^ Indiana was the first State to pass a compulsory sterilization law.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carrie Buck, the first victim of Virginia's compulsory sterilization law of 1924, and also the victim of a rape, may have been institutionalized in an effort to hide the shame of her pregnancy and the identity of her rapist, rather than as a result of mental illness [Keywords: eugenics ] .
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ This model law, written by Harry H. Laughlin, a leading American eugenicist, was included in his 1922 book "Eugenical Sterilization in the United States", published by the Municipal Court of Chicago.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

.These laws were upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1927 and were not abolished until the mid-20th century.^ Connecticut, the Supreme court overturned a state law prohibiting the use of contraceptives, which established a constitutional right to privacy and legalized contraception for married people.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1927, Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered the Court's Buck v.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

All in all, 60,000 Americans were sterilized.[56]
.In 1907 Indiana became the first of more than thirty states to adopt legislation aimed at compulsory sterilization of certain individuals.^ Indiana was the first State to pass a compulsory sterilization law.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carrie Buck, the first victim of Virginia's compulsory sterilization law of 1924, and also the victim of a rape, may have been institutionalized in an effort to hide the shame of her pregnancy and the identity of her rapist, rather than as a result of mental illness [Keywords: eugenics ] .
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ In a state where the best children were foundlings and the rest were eliminated at birth, the infantile death-rate would have more than counterbalanced any rise in the birth-rate.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

[57] Although the law was overturned by the Indiana Supreme Court in 1921,[58] the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a Virginia law allowing for the compulsory sterilization of patients of state mental institutions in 1927.[59]
.Beginning with Connecticut in 1896, many states enacted marriage laws with eugenic criteria, prohibiting anyone who was "epileptic, imbecile or feeble-minded" from marrying.^ In 1923, when warning of "The Menace of Modern Immigration" at the Texas State Fair (on Klan Day), he conceded that Jews were a talented people who obeyed "eugenic" laws.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Connecticut, the Supreme court overturned a state law prohibiting the use of contraceptives, which established a constitutional right to privacy and legalized contraception for married people.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Law of Return stating that For the purposes of this Law, Jew means a person who was born of a Jewish mother or has converted to Judaism...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1898 Charles B. Davenport, a prominent American biologist, began as director of a biological research station based in Cold Spring Harbor where he experimented with evolution in plants and animals.^ Allen, Garland E. "The Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor, 1910-1940: An essay in institution history."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Charles Davenport, another prominent American eugenicist, asserted that "Our ancestors drove Baptists from Massachusetts Bay into Rhode Island, but we have no place to drive the Jews to.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I first began serious research into the Klan and the politics of the 1920s when Charles W. Estus, Sr.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

In 1904 Davenport received funds from the Carnegie Institution to found the Station for Experimental Evolution. .The Eugenics Record Office (ERO) opened in 1910 while Davenport and Harry H. Laughlin began to promote eugenics.^ The Congress proceedings were dedicated to Averell Harriman’s mother; she had paid for the founding of the race-science movement in America back in 1910, building the Eugenics Record Office as a branch of the Galton National Laboratory in London.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These laws were patterned on the Model Eugenical Sterilization Law, promulgated by Harry H. Laughlin, director of the Eugenics Record Office.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two years later, The Eugenic Record Office was founded in the United States.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[60]
.The Immigration Restriction League (founded in 1894) was the first American entity associated officially with eugenics.^ Immigration restriction, Prohibition, the race riots, all reinforced the Wilson administration's attempts to settle once and for all the matter of who was entitled to claim to be a "real" American.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The modern-day eugenics movement counted as its first and greatest victory the popularization of artificial contraception in North American and Europe.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nor did restriction satisfactorily reduce the role of Catholics, Jews, and first- and second-generation immigrants in American public life.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The League sought to bar dysgenic members of certain races from entering America and diluting the superior American racial stock through procreation.^ "Americanism, to the Klansman, is a thing of the spirit, a purpose and a point of view, that can only come through instinctive racial understanding."
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In the final analysis, "they" proved to be anyone whose view of America did not correspond to the "racial instincts" of the Nordic American as expressed by the Klan.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Their "remarkable race character," passed on to their descendants, "made the inheritance of the old-stock Americans the richest ever given to a generation of men."
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

They lobbied for a literacy test for immigrants, based on the belief that literacy rates were low among inferior races. This bill was vetoed in 1897 by President Cleveland but was eventually passed in 1904[61]. Membership in the League by this time included: A. Lawrence Lowell, president of Harvard, William DeWitt Hyde, president of Bowdoin College, James T. Young, director of Wharton School and David Starr Jordan, president of Stanford University. .The League allied themselves with the American Breeder’s Association to gain influence and further its goals and in 1909 established a eugenics committee chaired by David Starr Jordan with members Charles Davenport, Alexander Graham Bell, Vernon Kellogg, Luther Burbank, William Earnest Castle, Adolf Meyer, H. J. Webber and Friedrich Woods[62].^ Harry Laughlin, another member of the American Birth Control League, received an honorary M.D. degree from the University of Heidelberg in acknowledgement of his contributions to the Third Reich.
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^ Other organizations that soon followed were the Brush Foundation for Racial Hygiene, and the premier eugenic organization in the world, the American Birth Control League (later Planned Parenthood).
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lothrop Stoddard was a member of the National Council of the American Birth Control League (ABCL) when Sanger headed it.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The immigration legislation committee, formed in 1911 and headed by League’s founder Prescott Hall, formalized the committee’s already strong relationship with the Immigration Restriction League.[63]
.In years to come, the ERO collected a mass of family pedigrees and concluded that those who were unfit came from economically and socially poor backgrounds.^ It must start out from the principle that the blessings of mankind never came from the masses but from the creative brains of individuals, who are therefore the real benefactors of humanity.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those are two different social, economic and political modes and don't work together.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.Eugenicists such as Davenport, the psychologist Henry H. Goddard and the conservationist Madison Grant (all well respected in their time) began to lobby for various solutions to the problem of the "unfit". (Davenport favored immigration restriction and sterilization as primary methods; Goddard favored segregation in his The Kallikak Family; Grant favored all of the above and more, even entertaining the idea of extermination.^ The other thing that's wrong is that all of these attacks are a load of quote-mining from a "letter to the editor" that was no such thing, as even Wesley Smith was forced to admit .
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even, on a more 'meta' level, inviting discussions on dangerous ideas in general.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But if the above is what you mean by a "definition" of conservatism, I would submit that I have provided, in a number of posts, even more detail with respect to socialism.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

)[64] .Though their methodology and research methods are now understood as highly flawed, at the time this was seen as legitimate scientific research.^ Though their methodology and research methods are now understood as highly flawed, at the time this was seen as legitimate scientific research.

^ Though we now see the methodology and research methods as being highly flawed, in their time they were seen as legitimate scientific research, though they did have their scientific detractors (notably Thomas Hunt Morgan ).
  • Eugenics - Biocrawler, the free encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.biocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In its time, eugenics was seen by many as scientific and progressive, the natural application of knowledge about breeding to the arena of human life.
  • Eugenics - Biocrawler, the free encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.biocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Eugenics - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 9:43 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

[65] .It did, however, have scientific detractors (notably, Thomas Hunt Morgan, one of the few Mendelians to explicitly criticize eugenics), though most of these focused more on what they considered the crude methodology of eugenicists, and the characterization of almost every human characteristic as being hereditary, rather than the idea of eugenics itself.^ The most obvious of these is eugenics .
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "Marxism represents the most striking phase to eliminate the dominant significance of personality in every sphere of human life and replace it by the numerical power of the masses.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both are instances of one generation attempting to influence the next in a particular direction, the ethical dimensions of which process should probably be contemplated more widely than they are.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

[66]
.Some states sterilized "imbeciles" for much of the 20th century.^ Some states also practiced sterilization of "imbeciles" for much of the 20th century .
  • Eugenics - Biocrawler, the free encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.biocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some states sterilized "imbeciles" for much of the 20th century.
  • Shunya's Notes: Eugenics Record Office 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC blog.shunya.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Eugenics - Psychology Wiki 20 September 2009 9:43 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But critics say labeling a group as predisposed to violence recalls the eugenics movement of the early 20th century, which led to the sterilisation of convicts and some mental patients in the hope of reducing crime among future generations.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the 1927 Buck v. .Bell case that the state of Virginia could sterilize those it thought unfit.^ It would be strange if it could not call upon those who already sap the strength of the State for these lesser sacrifices ...
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The issue in this case was the constitutionality of a Virginia statute mandating enforced sterilization ("Buck v.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Selective forced abortions 1907: Indiana becomes the first of 28 and the mass sterilization of those states to pass a mandatory sterilization with "serious hereditary diseases" law aimed at those considered "unfit."
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most significant era of eugenic sterilization was between 1907 and 1963, when over 64,000 individuals were forcibly sterilized under eugenic legislation in the United States.^ But the history of eugenical sterilization in the United States and in other democratic countries offers little warrant for the contention.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the objections to eugenical sterilization are based upon unfounded fears, insufficient knowledge, or faulty reasoning.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before Germany's Sterilization Act was passed, California was the world's primary eugenics experimentation entity, with more than 15,000 involuntary sterilizations of psychiatric inmates.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[67] .A favorable report on the results of sterilization in California, the state with the most sterilizations by far, was published in book form by the biologist Paul Popenoe and was widely cited by the Nazi government as evidence that wide-reaching sterilization programs were feasible and humane.^ It is amusing that the author tried bravely to debunk the "ultimate danger" (slippery slope) theory by stating that there was "little warrant" for the contention that Nazi Germany's voluntary sterilization program might turn into a campaign of compulsory sterilization.
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^ Ever since the rise of the Nazi regime in Germany an objection that has frequently been raised against eugenical sterilization is that a voluntary sterilization program may turn into a compulsory one.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unknown to him, a compulsory sterilization program had already begun in Nazi Germany.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Public acceptance in the U.S. was the reason eugenic legislation was passed. .Over 19 million people attended the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco, open for 10 months from February 20 to December 4, 1915[68].^ Cambodia - 30% of the entire population Germany - (National Socialist Party) 10 million USSR- 20 million.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

The PPIE was a fair devoted to extolling the virtues of a rapidly progressing nation, featuring new developments in science, agriculture, manufacturing and technology. .A subject that received a large amount of time and space was that of the developments concerning health and disease, particularly the areas of tropical medicine and race betterment (tropical medicine being the combined study of bacteriology, parasitology and entomology while racial betterment being the promotion of eugenic studies).^ Eugenics is being studied from the point of view of medical science.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But "American Intelligence" proved that a sensible swimsuit promoted both "better health and pure enjoyment."
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

Having these areas so closely intertwined, it seemed that they were both categorized in the main theme of the fair, the advancement of civilization. .Thus in the public eye, the seemingly contradictory areas of study were both represented under progressive banners of improvement and were made to seem like plausible courses of action to better American society.^ And of course we local African-Americans, Hispanics and what not can’t possibly hold progressive ideas, and aren’t doing enough to keep society going.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nurture is NOT separate from Nature, and the social realm, like the other realms, is a complex adaptive system, and requires actions functioning within both symmetry and asymmetry.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But "American Intelligence" proved that a sensible swimsuit promoted both "better health and pure enjoyment."
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

[69]
.The state of California was at the vanguard of the American eugenics movement, performing about 20,000 sterilizations or one third of the 60,000 nationwide from 1909 up until the 1960’s[70].^ This model law, written by Harry H. Laughlin, a leading American eugenicist, was included in his 1922 book "Eugenical Sterilization in the United States", published by the Municipal Court of Chicago.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "Eugenics, gender, and ethics in nazism Germany: The debate about involuntary sterilization, 1933-1936."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ "'Better living through heredity': Michael F. Guyer and the American eugenics movement."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

.By 1910, there was a large and dynamic network of scientists, reformers and professionals engaged in national eugenics projects and actively promoting eugenic legislation.^ Modern Eugenists have recognized that, if there is to be Eugenics by Act of Parliament, the Eugenic ideal must first be absorbed into the conscience of the nation.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Further, they explicitly barred the new national government from actively engaging in the process of building a sense of nationality.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism ~ The Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism (RAC) has been the hub of Jewish social justice and legislative activity in the nation's capital for...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The American Breeder’s Association was the first eugenic body in the U.S., established in 1906 under the direction of biologist Charles B. Davenport.^ The modern-day eugenics movement counted as its first and greatest victory the popularization of artificial contraception in North American and Europe.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ABA was formed specifically to “investigate and report on heredity in the human race, and emphasize the value of superior blood and the menace to society of inferior blood.” Membership included Alexander Graham Bell, Stanford president David Starr Jordan and Luther Burbank.^ Components of his movement included groups with overlapping leadership, dedicated to: · sterilization of mental patients (“ mental hygiene societies ”); · execution of the insane, criminals and the terminally ill (“ euthanasia societies ”); and · eugenical race-purification by prevention of births to parents from “ inferior ” blood stocks (“ birth control societies ”).
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Positive Eugenics the preferential breeding of so-called superior individuals in order to improve the genetic stock of the human race.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Antenatal influences explain many of the apparent anomalies of heredity, but, while recognizing the value of the Spartan aim, a nobler conception of humanity rejects their method.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

[71]
.When Nazi administrators went on trial for war crimes in Nuremberg after World War II, they justified the mass sterilizations (over 450,000 in less than a decade) by citing the United States as their inspiration.^ And so, after World War II, they went 'underground' in their activities, if not in their thinking.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the history of eugenical sterilization in the United States and in other democratic countries offers little warrant for the contention.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first American law mandating the sterilization of 'undesirables' was passed immediately after World War I ended.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[56] .The Nazis had claimed American eugenicists inspired and supported Hitler's racial purification laws, and failed to understand the connection between those policies and the eventual genocide of the Holocaust.^ The Nazis, of course, were corresponding with their American counterparts, and eventually created the 1933 Law for the Prevention of Progeny with Hereditary Disease.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Figure 105-2 shows many of the amazingly close parallels between the Nazi and American eugenics/euthanasia programs.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eventually, American eugenicists found the simplest and most effective way of preventing the "less desirable classes" from reproducing widespread involuntary surgical sterilization.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[72]
A pedigree chart from The Kallikak Family meant to show how one illicit tryst could lead to an entire generation of imbeciles.
.The idea of "genius" and "talent" is also considered by William Graham Sumner, a founder of the American Sociological Society (now called the American Sociological Association).^ And of course we local African-Americans, Hispanics and what not can’t possibly hold progressive ideas, and aren’t doing enough to keep society going.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The League had changed its name twice again, and was now called the “ Association for Voluntary Surgical Contraception.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He maintained that if the government did not meddle with the social policy of laissez-faire, a class of genius would rise to the top of the system of social stratification, followed by a class of talent.^ ET might want to avoid binaries now that he's been alerted to them, but for most here, it seems that "socialism" is whatever they don't like in government policy.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I did not say that socialism is simply the opposite of conservatism: I said that I would distinguish it from current arrangements.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There's no such thing as a 'laissez-faire' system (the two terms contradict each other), understanding it as pure individual actions.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most of the rest of society would fit into the class of mediocrity.^ Most of the rest of society would fit into the class of mediocrity.

^ We would be over- crowded with the class of cases who are unfit to bring children into the world.
  • Fort Lauderdale Snake Removal & Control 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.gottshall.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But if the gene pool of mankind were stirred into a puddle of mediocrity, there would be no return, until things got so very bad that a top reformed somewhere.
  • Royal Mail Honors Eugenicist & Nazi Sympathizer 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

.Those who were considered to be defective (mentally retarded, handicapped, etc.^ Those who were considered to be defective (mentally retarded, handicapped, etc.

^ Homosexuals would later feel the effects of this law as well as those born with mental retardation and Down's syndrome.
  • Obamacare is 21st century eugenics (Part 6) 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.renewamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Modern medicine and the welfare state collaborate in sustaining alive individuals - mainly the mentally retarded, the mentally ill, the sick, and the genetically defective - who would otherwise have been culled by natural selection to the betterment of the entire species.
  • Racing Down - Eugenics and the Future of the Human Species 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC samvak.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Eugenics - a knol by Sam Vaknin 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) had a negative effect on social progress by draining off necessary resources. .They should be left on their own to sink or swim.^ They should be left on their own to sink or swim.

^ Parents may soon be left to their own devices if they have children who require extra time and social spending.

^ Punnett's lecture was not intended to educate the lower classes but to explain to his own class that they should use fertility as a weapon against the lower classes.
  • The University of Cambridge Eugenics Society from 1911 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.galtoninstitute.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

But those in the class of delinquent (criminals, deviants, etc.) should be eliminated from society ("Folkways", 1907). (Compare to ideals in Plato's Republic.)
.However, methods of eugenics were applied to reformulate more restrictive definitions of white racial purity in existing state laws banning interracial marriage: the so-called anti-miscegenation laws.^ In 1923, when warning of "The Menace of Modern Immigration" at the Texas State Fair (on Klan Day), he conceded that Jews were a talented people who obeyed "eugenic" laws.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Selfish and parochial as the Spartan, the Platonic Eugenics is more an academic dream than a practical method of amelioration.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With increased knowledge to justify restrictions, the modern state may be purged of the pauper more slowly, but no less surely, than the Platonic state of the Laws.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.The most famous example of the influence of eugenics and its emphasis on strict racial segregation on such "anti-miscegenation" legislation was Virginia's Racial Integrity Act of 1924.^ Of eugenics, for example, Evans wrote: We are pleased that modern research is finding scientific backing for these convictions [about the importance of "racial instincts"].
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Republicans delivered on this with the Johnson-Reed Act of 1924 which targetted precisely those nationalities the Klan labelled most dangerous.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

The U.S. Supreme Court overturned this law in 1967 in Loving v. Virginia, and declared anti-miscegenation laws unconstitutional.
.With the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924, eugenicists for the first time played an important role in the Congressional debate as expert advisers on the threat of "inferior stock" from eastern and southern Europe.^ This Act assumed that "inferior peoples" included Poles, Blacks, Greeks, Irish, Orientals, and Eastern and Southern Europeans.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jews played highly visible and important roles both in Smith's gubernatorial administrations and in his campaign.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Steel Workers organized immigrants from southern and eastern Europe.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

[73] This reduced the number of immigrants from abroad to 15 percent from previous years, to control the number of "unfit"[citation needed] individuals entering the country. .While eugenicists did support the act, the most important backers were union leaders like Samuel Gompers[74] The new act, inspired by the eugenic belief in the racial superiority of "old stock" white Americans as members of the "Nordic race" (a form of white supremacy), strengthened the position of existing laws prohibiting race-mixing.^ "Old stock Americans .
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Why, we need to ask, was the taste of victory like that of ashes to so many "old stock" white Protestants?
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Immigration restriction, Prohibition, the race riots, all reinforced the Wilson administration's attempts to settle once and for all the matter of who was entitled to claim to be a "real" American.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

[75] .Eugenic considerations also lay behind the adoption of incest laws in much of the U.S. and were used to justify many anti-miscegenation laws.^ The use of analogy presents many pitfalls to be surmounted, and it is easy to see the absurdity of any conception of Eugenics as a sort of higher cattle-breeding.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

[76]
Anthropometry demonstrated in an exhibit from a 1921 eugenics conference.
.Stephen Jay Gould asserted that restrictions on immigration passed in the United States during the 1920s (and overhauled in 1965 with the Immigration and Nationality Act) were motivated by the goals of eugenics.^ So the United States floods developing nations with tons of abortifacients that are deemed too dangerous for American animals to use.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But the history of eugenical sterilization in the United States and in other democratic countries offers little warrant for the contention.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The eugenicists considered the Immigration Restriction Act of 1924 to be one of their greatest victories.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the early 20th century, the United States and Canada began to receive far higher numbers of Southern and Eastern European immigrants.^ By 1914 vast numbers of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe, along with continued migration from older sources, had made the United States the most diverse nation in human history.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Steel Workers organized immigrants from southern and eastern Europe.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There is another problem, also, which has assumed far larger proportions to-day owing to the growth of humanitarian sentiment and the enormous numbers of the modern state.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Influential eugenicists like Lothrop Stoddard and Harry Laughlin (who was appointed as an expert witness for the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization in 1920) presented arguments they would pollute the national gene pool if their numbers went unrestricted.^ Of course, it does not really matter to the eugenicists if they can control the horrors they propose to unleash; they approve of coercion in any case, and, as long as they are not victims of the programs that they spawn, they are content to sit back and observe the "cleansing" of society's gene pool.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lothrop Stoddard was a member of the National Council of the American Birth Control League (ABCL) when Sanger headed it.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even if they find the genes responsible for autism, I would not want my daughter unborn.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.January 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] It has been argued that this stirred both Canada and the United States into passing laws creating a hierarchy of nationalities, rating them from the most desirable Anglo-Saxon and Nordic peoples to the Chinese and Japanese immigrants, who were almost completely banned from entering the country.^ Chretien said that had it been put to democratic vote, bilingualism wouldn't have passed into law.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So the United States floods developing nations with tons of abortifacients that are deemed too dangerous for American animals to use.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yet, Creel's, and Wilson's, goal had been "no mere surface unity, but a passionate belief in the United States [welded] into one white-hot mass instinct with fraternity, devotion, courage, and deathless determination."
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

[77]
.However, several people, in particular Franz Samelson, Mark Snyderman and Richard Herrnstein, have argued, based on their examination of the records of the congressional debates over immigration policy, Congress gave virtually no consideration to these factors.^ These convictions are no more to be argued about than is our love for our children; we are merely willing to state them for the enlightenment and conversion of others.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

According to these authors, the restrictions were motivated primarily by a desire to maintain the country's cultural integrity against the heavy influx of foreigners.[78]
.In the USA, eugenic supporters included Theodore Roosevelt[citation needed] , pre-1960's Democratic Party[citation needed], the National Academy of Sciences[citation needed] and the National Research Council[citation needed].^ National Academy of Sciences, Dr. Gerhard Wagner, 1935.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Research was funded by distinguished philanthropies and carried out at prestigious universities.[citation needed] It was taught in college and high school classrooms..August 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Margaret Sanger founded Planned Parenthood of America to urge the legalization of contraception for the lower classes.^ Margaret Sanger, the founder of Planned Parenthood.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1949, eugenicists from all over the world met in Cheltenham, Britain, and founded the International Committee of Planned Parenthood.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was championed primarily by the political left (such as Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger) and opposed primarily by religious conservatives (such as the Catholic Chesterton).
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.May 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In its time eugenics was touted by some as scientific and progressive[citation needed], the natural application of knowledge about breeding to the arena of human life.^ The foreground of human life we can see with exactness, but the past is foreshortened by the atmosphere of time.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Of eugenics, for example, Evans wrote: We are pleased that modern research is finding scientific backing for these convictions [about the importance of "racial instincts"].
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Positive Eugenics the preferential breeding of so-called superior individuals in order to improve the genetic stock of the human race.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Before the realization of death camps in World War II, the idea that eugenics would lead to genocide was not taken seriously by the average American.^ "Eugenics, Christian-nationalism and anti-democratic politics in Africa, colonialism between the two World Wars."
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ But thinking people recognized that the Vernichtungslagern the death camps were not an aberration of eugenics theory but its most perfect product .
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And so, after World War II, they went 'underground' in their activities, if not in their thinking.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Negro Project conspiracy theory is an alleged eugenics program. .The project, according to proponents of the theory, was originated by Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger and supposedly aims to reduce or eliminate the black population through use of abortion.^ William H. Draper, Jr., the founder and chairman of the Population Crisis Committee, and vice chairman of the Planned Parenthood Federation.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was championed primarily by the political left (such as Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger) and opposed primarily by religious conservatives (such as the Catholic Chesterton).
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Republicans probably plan to argue that abortion is the technique Democrats use to execute their eugenics selections.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[79] Although the U.S. state of Oregon did not repeal its forced sterilization law until 1983, the last known forced sterilization there was performed in 1978.[80]

Australia

.The policy of removing half-caste Aboriginal children from their parents emerged from an opinion based on Eugenics theory in late nineteenth and early twentieth-century Australia that the 'full-blood' tribal Aborigine would be unable to sustain itself, and was doomed to inevitable extinction, as at the time huge numbers of aborigines were in fact dying out, from diseases caught from European settlers.^ The opinion that children resemble their parents is oftentimes proved true.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He isn’t simply encouraging people to go out and breed in order to perpetuate their worldviews (which would be a plenty stupid assertion all by itself.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was not till late in the nineteenth century that the crude human breeding of the Spartans, in altered form and in new conditions, became the scientific stirpiculture of Galton.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

[81] .An ideology at the time held that mankind could be divided into a civilizational hierarchy.^ Since the medical profession has divided human gestation into trimesters, it is convenient to use that as a cut-off point with regard to giving "enough time".
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

This notion supposed that Northern Europeans were superior in civilization and that Aborigines were inferior. .According to this view, the increasing numbers of mixed-descent children in Australia, labeled as 'half-castes' (or alternatively 'crossbreeds', 'quadroons' and 'octoroons') should develop within their respective communities, white or aboriginal, according to their dominant parentage.^ Today limitation of numbers among the upper classes of the community is being brought about naturally by the increase of foresight and self-control.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The question then becomes, should this networked economy and communication be governed within a socialist or conservative political infrastructure?
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is absurd to leave numbers to regulate themselves, according to the number of women who should happen to be childless, because this seems to occur in other cities.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

[82]
.In the first half of the twentieth century, this led to policies and legislation that resulted in the removal of children from their tribe.^ The first step after giving the mental tests to grade school children was to interpret and make public the results.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[83] The stated aim was to culturally assimilate mixed-descent people into contemporary Australian society. .In all states and territories legislation was passed in the early years of the twentieth century which gave Aboriginal protectors guardianship rights over Aborigines up to the age of sixteen or twenty-one.^ By the 10th century, the *Sefer Yezirah (1987)* had been composed, that mystic guide to all Jewish contemplatives for over the last thousand years.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So you say stuff like forced busing, states’ rights and all that stuff.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A History of the Abuyudaya Jews of Uganda ~ A history of organized religion in the 19th and early 20th centuries leading up to the organization of the Abuyudaya Jewish community from 1928 to 1986.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Policemen or other agents of the state (such as Aboriginal Protection Officers), were given the power to locate and transfer babies and children of mixed descent, from their communities into institutions.^ They permitted electrical workers to provide power to hospitals and other critical facilities; they granted similar "exemptions" to sanitation workers to protect the public health.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ These convictions are no more to be argued about than is our love for our children; we are merely willing to state them for the enlightenment and conversion of others.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In these Australian states and territories, half-caste institutions (both government or missionary) were established in the early decades of the twentieth-century for the reception of these separated children.^ These convictions are no more to be argued about than is our love for our children; we are merely willing to state them for the enlightenment and conversion of others.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

[84][85] The 2002 movie Rabbit-Proof Fence portrays this system and the harrowing consequences of attempting to overcome it.
In 1922 A.O. Neville was appointed the second Western Australia State Chief Protector of Aborigines. During the next quarter-century, he presided over the now notorious 'Assimilation' policy of removing mixed-race Aboriginal children from their parents. .This policy in turn created the Stolen Generations and set in motion a grieving process that has become known as the concept of trans-generational grief,[citation needed] and would affect many generations to come.^ "There are many vampires who believe we come from the Nephilim, Aliens, or various god-like figures such as Caine, Lilith, Set or Osiris.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The fashion is followed by hordes of unquestionably monogamous matrons, including many who join heartily in the general ululations as to what young people are coming to.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If many of the large dealers had been shut down, and the government had turned its attention to mopping up the small producers, the data would make sense.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

Albert Namatjira, Ernie Dingo, Lionel Rose, Cathy Freeman, Nova Peris-Kneebone, Michael Long, Gavin Wanganeen, and many other successful Australian Aboriginals, were all products of the "Stolen Generation".[citation needed] In 1936 Neville became the Commissioner for Native Affairs, a post he held until his retirement in 1940.
Neville believed that biological absorption was the key to 'uplifting the Native race.' .Speaking before the Moseley Royal Commission, which investigated the administration of Aboriginals in 1934, he defended the policies of forced settlement, removing children from parents, surveillance, discipline and punishment, arguing that "they have to be protected against themselves whether they like it or not.^ Jubelum 04-17-2008, 09:57 AM whether their parents, who may or may not be themselves properly educated, want that or not.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ET might want to avoid binaries now that he's been alerted to them, but for most here, it seems that "socialism" is whatever they don't like in government policy.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm sure some parents think what's best for their kids is to break an arm when they get poor grades to punish them and force them to work harder.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

They cannot remain as they are. The sore spot requires the application of the surgeon's knife for the good of the patient, and probably against the patients will." In his twilight years Neville continued to actively promote his policy. .Towards the end of his career, Neville published Australia's Coloured Minority, a text outlining his plan for the biological absorption of aboriginal people into white Australia.^ Yet nobody says that minorities can’t be Christian, that Christianity is just for white people, that minorities can’t absorb Jesus’s love for the needy.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One only has to look at the popularity of black and other "minority" entertainers and athletes amongst whites to figure out that the vast majority of white people don't care a fig about race.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

[86][87]

Canada

.In Canada, the eugenics movement gained support early in the 20th century as prominent physicians drew a direct link between heredity and public health.^ The movement called for the killing or sterilization of people whose heredity made them a public burden."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A History of the Abuyudaya Jews of Uganda ~ A history of organized religion in the 19th and early 20th centuries leading up to the organization of the Abuyudaya Jewish community from 1928 to 1986.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[88] Eugenics was enforced by law in two Canadian provinces. .In Alberta, the Sexual Sterilization Act was enacted in 1928, focusing the movement on the sterilization of mentally deficient individuals, as determined by the Alberta Eugenics Board.^ In 1928, the government of the province of Alberta passed the Sexual Sterilization Act, and proceeded to sterilize "defectives" at will.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Let me leave that part of it then, with a fact, not an opinion: forced sterilization was legislated in Alberta in 1928, and the Sexual Sterilization Act wasn't repealed intil 1972 .
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

[89] .The campaign to enforce this action was backed by groups such as the United Farm Women's Group, including key member Emily Murphy.^ There was a speaker who was talking about white supremicists groups including one who employed (and kept pregnant) young white women for the purpose of breeding white kids.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[90]
Individuals were assessed using IQ tests like the Stanford-Binet. .This posed a problem to new immigrants arriving in Canada, as many had not mastered the English language, and often their scores denoted them as having impaired intellectual functioning.^ Newcomers to the city came (in order of numerical strength) from New England, Ireland, Sweden, Quebec, English-speaking Canada, and Great Britain.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

.As a result, many of those sterilized under the Sexual Sterilization Act were immigrants who were unfairly categorized.^ Those children who scored below a certain arbitrary low mark were then cut open and surgically sterilized.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Let me leave that part of it then, with a fact, not an opinion: forced sterilization was legislated in Alberta in 1928, and the Sexual Sterilization Act wasn't repealed intil 1972 .
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I do not want to unfairly characterize those who are pro-choice as pro-abortion as I do not think this would be fair or accurate.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

[91] The province of British Columbia enacted its own Sexual Sterilization Act in 1933. As in Alberta, the British Columbia Eugenics Board could recommend the sterilization of those it considered to be suffering from "mental disease or mental deficiency."[92]
The popularity of the eugenics movement peaked during the Depression when sterilization was widely seen as a way of relieving society of the financial burdens imposed by defective individuals.[93] Although the eugenics excesses of Nazi Germany diminished the popularity of the eugenics movement, the Sexual Sterilization Acts of Alberta and British Columbia were not repealed until 1972.[94]

Germany

Nazi propaganda for their compulsory "euthanasia" program: "This person suffering from hereditary defects costs the community 60,000 Reichsmark during his lifetime. Fellow German, that is your money, too."
"We do not stand alone": Nazi poster from 1936 with flags of other countries with, or considering introducing, compulsory sterilization legislation.
.Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler was infamous for eugenics programs which attempted to maintain a "pure" German race through a series of programs that ran under the banner of racial hygiene.^ Rudin was unanimously elected president of the International Federation of Eugenics Societies for his work in founding the German Society for Race Hygiene, a forerunner of Hitler's racial institutes."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Rev.21.8 PROGRAM OF SATAN Eugenics, the systematic program of eliminating inferior races, will justify killing those who are deemed not suitable for the New World Order.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Draper helped select Ernst Ruoaudin as chief of the world eugenics movement, who used his office to promote what he called Adolf Hitler’s “ holy, national and international racial hygienic mission.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Among other activities, the Nazis performed extensive experimentation on live human beings to test their genetic theories, ranging from simple measurement of physical characteristics to the experiments carried out by Josef Mengele for Otmar von Verschuer on twins in the concentration camps.^ We carry an extensive collection of out of print rare, and technical titles as well as many other and used...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once we abandon your false and flawed dilemma, false and flawed logic, false and flawed reasoning, we are left with the basic issues of individual rights of all living human beings.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

During the 1930s and 1940s, the Nazi regime forcibly sterilized hundreds of thousands of people whom they viewed as mentally and physically unfit, an estimated 400,000 between 1934 and 1937. The scale of the Nazi program prompted one American eugenics advocate to seek an expansion of their program, with one complaining that "the Germans are beating us at our own game".[95]
.The Nazis went further, however, killing tens of thousands of the institutionalized disabled through compulsory "euthanasia" programs such as Aktion T4.^ My army went through Spain, shooting women and children down We tore up all their Bibles and killed all the Protestants we found.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

[96]
.They also implemented a number of positive eugenics policies, giving awards to Aryan women who had large numbers of children and encouraged a service in which "racially pure" single women could deliver illegitimate children.^ The agency dubbed the campaign "Modernizing Mother" and even numbered the "episodes," presumably so that consumers could make sure they did not miss any.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It was recognised that the lives of a large number of people would be lived in the pre-initiatory states of imperfection, but that they could be brought to the portals of initiation through the help and example of others who were on the path of initiation....
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The pure white population is going down, Jules is ussing Racial Code words that people in the know understand but they are designed to be ignored by regular people.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Allegations that such women were also impregnated by SS officers in the Lebensborn were not proven at the Nuremberg trials, but new evidence (and the testimony of Lebensborn children) has established more details about Lebensborn practices.^ I don't know in detail what such a system would look like, but I've mused about the issue here: .
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These convictions are no more to be argued about than is our love for our children; we are merely willing to state them for the enlightenment and conversion of others.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

[97] .Also, "racially valuable" children from occupied countries were forcibly removed from their parents and adopted by German people.^ It's an insult that people in the Black community have used against some of their own members who appear to have adopted values that they consider harmful to the community.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of their concerns for eugenics and racial hygiene were also explicitly present in their systematic killing of millions of "undesirable" people including Jews, Poles, Black People,[citation needed] Gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses and homosexuals during the Holocaust (much of the killing equipment and methods employed in the death camps were first developed in the euthanasia program).^ During the first half of the Tribulation, God's two witnesses will prophesy against and command judgments on the nations of the world.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "There are many Light workers on the Earth now to help people with the preparation that is needed to ascend.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Rudin was unanimously elected president of the International Federation of Eugenics Societies for his work in founding the German Society for Race Hygiene, a forerunner of Hitler's racial institutes."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

.The scope and coercion involved in the German eugenics programs along with a strong use of the rhetoric of eugenics and so-called "racial science" throughout the regime created an indelible cultural association between eugenics and the Third Reich in the post-war years.^ Rudin was unanimously elected president of the International Federation of Eugenics Societies for his work in founding the German Society for Race Hygiene, a forerunner of Hitler's racial institutes."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The New York Times praised eugenics in 1912, calling it a "wonderful new science."
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Draper helped select Ernst Ruoaudin as chief of the world eugenics movement, who used his office to promote what he called Adolf Hitler’s “ holy, national and international racial hygienic mission.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[98]
Two scholars, John Glad and Seymour W. Itzkoff of Smith College, have questioned the relation between eugenics and the Holocaust. .They argue that, contrary to popular beliefs Hitler did not regard the Jews as intellectually inferior and did not send them to the concentration camps on these grounds.^ It appears that Hitlers hate for the Jews did not include the Rothschild family."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In your twisted argument you openly admit that Hitler's followers were socialists; his followers are the ones that ran the concentration camps!
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They addressed themselves to Jews and to converts to Judaism who, because they did ...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They argue that Hitler had different reasons for his genocidal policies toward the Jews.[99] Seymour W. Itzkoff writes that the Holocaust was "a vast dysgenic program to rid Europe of highly intelligent challengers to the existing Christian domination by a numerically and politically minuscule minority". Therefore, according to Itzkoff, "the Holocaust was the very antithesis of eugenic practice."[100] However, this proposition is not supported by most researchers..February 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Hitler did regard Jews as being intelligent, but also considered them inferior in all other ways - morally, spiritually, artistically and physically.^ In 1928 he did capture the nomination and, in the process, created in the Democratic Party a home for ethnics, Catholics, Jews, Wets, and others the Johnson-Reed Act stigmatized as unworthy of being Americans.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It appears that Hitlers hate for the Jews did not include the Rothschild family."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Jewish Film Festival Review: `Jew in the Lotus' follows writer on his physical, spiritual journey (7-10-1998) ~ July 10, 1998.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In his view, their intelligence enabled them to thrive, but only by undermining and perverting the civilisation of other races.

Japan

.In the early part of the Shōwa era, Japanese governments executed a eugenic policy to limit the birth of children with "inferior" traits, as well as aiming to protect the life and health of mothers.^ Should the government protect life pre-birth at all?
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Should the government protect life pre-birth at all?"
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AM What rights should human life pre-birth have to protect it from harm?
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

[101] The Race Eugenic Protection Law was submitted from 1934 to 1938 to the Diet. After four amendments, this draft was promulgated as the National Eugenic Law in 1940 by the Konoe government.[102] According to the Eugenic Protection Law (1948), sterilization could be enforced on criminals "with genetic predisposition to commit crime", patients with genetic diseases such as total color-blindness, hemophilia, albinism and ichthyosis, and mental affections such as schizophrenia, manic-depressiveness and epilepsy.[103] Mental illnesses were added in 1952.
.The Leprosy Prevention laws of 1907, 1931 and 1953, the last one only repealed in 1996, permitted the segregation of patients in sanitariums where forced abortions and sterilization were common, even if the laws did not refer to it, and authorized punishment of patients "disturbing peace," as most Japanese leprologists believed that vulnerability to the disease was inheritable.^ A person born to non-Jewish parents who believes everything that Orthodox Jews believe and observes every law and custom of Judaism is still a non-Jew, even in ...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even if only one man were killed simply because he was a Jew, this would be a moral horror.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only the ones who scored really low [were targeted for sterilization], the real bottom of the barrel, like below 70.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[104] There were a few Japanese leprologists such as Noburo Ogasawara who argued against the "isolation-sterilization policy" but he was denounced as a traitor to the nation at the 15th conference of the Japanese Association of Leprology in 1941.[105]
Center staff also attempted to discourage marriage between Japanese women and Korean men who had been recruited from the peninsula as laborers following its annexation by Japan in 1910. In 1942, a survey report argued that "the Korean laborers brought to Japan, where they have established permanent residency, are of the lower classes and therefore of inferior constitution...By fathering children with Japanese women, these men could lower the caliber of the Yamato minzoku."[106]
One of the last eugenic measures of the Shōwa regime was taken by the Higashikuni government. On 19 August 1945, the Home Ministry ordered local government offices to establish a prostitution service for allied soldiers to preserve the "purity" of the "Japanese race". The official declaration stated that : "Through the sacrifice of thousands of "Okichis" of the Shōwa era, we shall construct a dike to hold back the mad frenzy of the occupation troops and cultivate and preserve the purity of our race long into the future..."[107]

China

.Eugenics was one of many ideas and programs debated in the 1920s and 1930s in Republican China, as a means of improving society and raising China's stature in the world.^ Background note The Second International Conference on Eugenics, held in New York in 1921, produced one concrete result: the American Eugenics Society.
  • American Eugenics Society Papers :: American Philosophical Society 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.amphilsoc.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Scope and content The Records of the American Eugenics Society document the varied promotional activities of the foremost organization for eugenic education and advocacy in the United States during the 1920s and 1930s.
  • American Eugenics Society Papers :: American Philosophical Society 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.amphilsoc.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This is a debatable idea, for the notion of an 'end state' is counter to the modern understanding of societies as 'complex adapative systems' which can never reach an ideal 'end state'.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.The principal Chinese proponent of eugenics was the prominent sociologist Pan Guangdan, and a significant number of intellectuals entered into the debate, including Gao Xisheng, biologist Zhou Jianren, sociologist Chen Da, and Chen Jianshan, and many others.^ I got suckered into the ensuing political definitions game just like many others.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

[108][109] .Chen Da is notable for the link he provides to the family planning policy and One Child Policy enacted in China after the establishment of the People's Republic of China.^ "One of the most basic plans after the New World Order is established is to reduce the world's population from its present 6 billion to 2 billion by the year 2,000...
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

Sweden

In Sweden, the "Sterilization Act of 1934" provided for the voluntary sterilization of some mental patients. .The law was passed while the Swedish Social Democratic Party was in power, though it was also supported by all other political parties in Parliament at the time, as well as the Lutheran Church and much of the medical profession.^ Chretien said that had it been put to democratic vote, bilingualism wouldn't have passed into law.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the medical profession has divided human gestation into trimesters, it is convenient to use that as a cut-off point with regard to giving "enough time".
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Did the Liberals produce Adscam because they were Liberals, or because they were a political party trying to stay in power?
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

[110] .From about 1934 to until 1975, Sweden sterilized more than 62,000 people, with Herman Lundborg in the lead of the project.^ I have no more qualms about killing a fetus than I would about killing any other parasite.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But as Firedoglake revealed on Friday, the Obama Administration has failed to disclose that it paid the same economist more than $780,000.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[111] .Sweden sterilized more people than any other European state except Nazi Germany.^ For Calhoun states rights were nothing more than a self serving attempt to keep slavery safe.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You don't want to debate the issue of why some people think life begins at some time other than when you do.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a 1981 interview, CFR member Maxwell Taylor blithely stated, 'I have already written off more than a billion people.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

[112] .More people were sterilized in 1948 than any other year.^ You don't want to debate the issue of why some people think life begins at some time other than when you do.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a 1981 interview, CFR member Maxwell Taylor blithely stated, 'I have already written off more than a billion people.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If it is welcomed, it will become so much more to the people involved, but on the other hand, if it is not welcomed then I have no problem with treating a fetus as it is.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

Sweden's large-scale eugenics program targeted the deviant and the mentally ill. .Most sterilizations were voluntary[citation needed] (though voluntary does not necessarily mean free from persuasion or exhortation), but nine percent of the sterilized were more or less forced to do so[citation needed].^ However, life itself is a marvel, and though I prefer my life (and the lives of those I love) above the life of a bacteria, I know I have no more or less right to live.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.As was the case in other programs, ethnicity and race were believed to be connected to mental and physical health.^ Had these acts been real, they would have violated basic ethical standards and raised serious mental and physical health concerns."
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The National Institute of Mental Health says about 'school-based, information only, suicide prevention programs...
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

Still, a comprehensive critical investigation appointed by the government showed there is no evidence the Swedish sterilization programme targeted ethnic minorities.[113]
There is proof that the program targeted women. The goal of the program was to decrease deviant offspring. .If one member of a family was considered deviant the whole family became the target of an investigation.^ The Temple in Louisville ~ A founding member of Reform Judaism's Union of American Hebrew Congregations, The Temple now serves nearly 1100 member families, making it one...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was perceived to be easier to persuade a woman to be sterilized than it was to persuade a man.^ Equally to be condemned, as the magisterium of the Church has affirmed on many occasions, is direct sterilization, whether of the man or of the woman, whether permanent or temporary.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.For this reason women were more often sterilized than men, despite the fact that the medical procedure involved in the sterilization was simpler to carry out on a man.^ The subject of abortion is made complex by the simple fact that more than one life is involved.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Messianic Judaism is important for more than one reason.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I read somewhere that gramps Bush also was involved in a plot (never carried out) to overthrow President Franklin Roosevelt and replace him.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[114]
.Even as far as 1996, social democrats rejected paying compensation to those who had been sterilized, which was criticized by some members of the party.^ Those children who scored below a certain arbitrary low mark were then cut open and surgically sterilized.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's an insult that people in the Black community have used against some of their own members who appear to have adopted values that they consider harmful to the community.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who’s supposed to pay for your social security and Medicaid?
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[112] .In 1999 the Swedish government began paying compensation to the sterilized and their families an equivalent to 21,000 USD to those who had "not consented" and who applied for the compensation.^ Those children who scored below a certain arbitrary low mark were then cut open and surgically sterilized.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rev.21.8 PROGRAM OF SATAN Eugenics, the systematic program of eliminating inferior races, will justify killing those who are deemed not suitable for the New World Order.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The U.S. government began paying the old fascist group to sterilize non-whites in foreign countries.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23]

Other countries

Almost all Western nations adopted some eugenic legislations. In July 1933 Germany passed a law allowing for the involuntary sterilization of "hereditary and incurable drunkards, sexual criminals, lunatics, and those suffering from an incurable disease which would be passed on to their offspring."[115] Two provinces in Canada carried out thousands of compulsory sterilizations, and these lasted into the 1970s. .Many First Nations (native Canadians) were targeted, as well as immigrants from Eastern Europe, as the program identified racial and ethnic minorities to be genetically inferior[citation needed].^ National Park Service - Eldridge Street Synagogue ~ Visit the first great house of worship built by Eastern European Jews in the United States.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Besides the large-scale program in the United States, other nations included Australia, Norway, France, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Iceland, and Switzerland with programs to sterilize people the government declared to be mentally deficient.^ It was recognised that the lives of a large number of people would be lived in the pre-initiatory states of imperfection, but that they could be brought to the portals of initiation through the help and example of others who were on the path of initiation....
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ National Park Service - Eldridge Street Synagogue ~ Visit the first great house of worship built by Eastern European Jews in the United States.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Singapore practiced a limited form of eugenics that involved discouraging marriage between university graduates and the rest through segregation in matchmaking agencies, in the hope that the former would produce better children, although this point is contestable.^ I thought the point of the post was to paint crittenden as a racist in favor of the sort of eugenics practiced by the nazi’s.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[116] Most notably its government introduced the "Graduate Mother Scheme" in the early 1980s to entice graduate women with incentives to get married, which was eventually scrapped due to public criticism and the implications it had on meritocracy.[117]

Marginalization after World War II

In the decades after World War II, eugenics became increasingly unpopular within academic science. Many organizations and journals that had their origins in the eugenics movement began to distance themselves from the philosophy, such as when Eugenics Quarterly became Social Biology in 1969.
.After the experience of Nazi Germany, many ideas about "racial hygiene" and "unfit" members of society were publicly renounced by politicians and members of the scientific community.^ There are Blacks who feel betrayed by members of their own community who support Bush, and they've been pretty vocal about that sometimes.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rudin was unanimously elected president of the International Federation of Eugenics Societies for his work in founding the German Society for Race Hygiene, a forerunner of Hitler's racial institutes."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Other community members may have something to say about that.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

The Nuremberg Trials against former Nazi leaders revealed to the world many of the regime's genocidal practices and resulted in formalized policies of medical ethics and the 1950 UNESCO statement on race. Many scientific societies released their own similar "race statements" over the years, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, developed in response to abuses during the Second World War, was adopted by the United Nations in 1948 and affirmed, "Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family."[118] In continuation, the 1978 UNESCO declaration on race and racial prejudice states that the fundamental equality of all human beings is the ideal toward which ethics and science should converge.[119]
.In reaction to Nazi abuses, eugenics became almost universally reviled in many of the nations where it had once been popular (however, some eugenics programs, including sterilization, continued quietly for decades).^ Aunt Alice had founded the “ Human Betterment League, ” the North Carolina branch of the national eugenical sterilization movement.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many pre-war eugenicists engaged in what they later labeled "crypto-eugenics", purposefully taking their eugenic beliefs "underground" and becoming respected anthropologists, biologists and geneticists in the postwar world (including Robert Yerkes in the U.S. and Otmar von Verschuer in Germany). Californian eugenicist Paul Popenoe founded marriage counseling during the 1950s, a career change which grew from his eugenic interests in promoting "healthy marriages" between "fit" couples.[120]
.The American Life League, an opponent of abortion, charges that eugenics was merely "re-packaged" after the war, and promoted anew in the guise of the population-control and environmentalism movements.^ Thus, birth control and abortion were early identified as necessary to begin reducing population."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Qualitative Aspects of Population Control: Eugenics and Euthenics .
  • American Eugenics Society Papers :: American Philosophical Society 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.amphilsoc.org [Source type: Academic]

^ American Birth Control League, Inc.
  • American Eugenics Society Papers :: American Philosophical Society 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.amphilsoc.org [Source type: Academic]

They claim, for example, that Planned Parenthood was funded and cultivated by the Eugenics Society for these reasons. Julian Huxley, the first Director-General of UNESCO and a founder of the World Wildlife Fund was also a Eugenics Society president and a strong supporter of eugenics[121]
[E]ven though it is quite true that any radical eugenic policy will be for many years politically and psychologically impossible, it will be important for UNESCO to see that the eugenic problem is examined with the greatest care, and that the public mind is informed of the issues at stake so that much that now is unthinkable may at least become thinkable. --Julian Huxley[122]
High school and college textbooks from the 1920s through the '40s often had chapters touting the scientific progress to be had from applying eugenic principles to the population. Many early scientific journals devoted to heredity in general were run by eugenicists and featured eugenics articles alongside studies of heredity in nonhuman organisms. .After eugenics fell out of scientific favor, most references to eugenics were removed from textbooks and subsequent editions of relevant journals.^ After eugenics fell out of scientific favor, most references to eugenics were removed from textbooks and subsequent editions of relevant journals.

^ Most relevant in this source is its representation of dissent during the height of popular eugenics, and its discussion of how proof of the inheritance of mental qualities in general was lacking at the time.
  • Eugenics in Indiana | Bibliography 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.kobescent.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Eugenics - It's a dirty eight letter word in most circles, and it's been out of circulation for quite a while, but better start getting use to it.
  • Eugenics - a planned evolution for life. 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.onelife.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Even the names of some journals changed to reflect new attitudes.^ Even the names of some journals changed to reflect new attitudes.

^ Even the names of some journals changed to reflect new attitudes: for example, "Eugenics Quarterly" became "Social Biology" in 1969, a journal which still exists today though looks little like its predecessor.
  • Eugenics - Biocrawler, the free encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.biocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some say we should be honest and call this new science by its real name.
  • Encounter - 18/11/01: Back-door Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: Original source]

.For example, Eugenics Quarterly became Social Biology in 1969 (the journal still exists today, though it looks little like its predecessor).^ It looks like it might be an interesting read but still someone else's interpretation of his observations.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

Notable members of the American Eugenics Society (1922–94) during the second half of the 20th century included Joseph Fletcher, originator of Situational ethics; Dr. Clarence Gamble of the Procter & Gamble fortune; and Garrett Hardin, a population control advocate and author of the essay The Tragedy of the Commons.
In the United States, the eugenics movement had largely lost most popular and political support by the end of the 1930s while forced sterilizations mostly ended in the 1960s with the last performed in 1981.[123] Many US states continued to prohibit biracial marriages with "anti-miscegenation laws" such as Virginia's The Racial Integrity Act of 1924, until they were over-ruled by the Supreme Court in 1967 in Loving v. Virginia.[124] The Immigration Restriction Act of 1924, which was designed to limit the immigration of "dysgenic" Italians, and eastern European Jews, was repealed and replaced by the Immigration and Nationality Act in 1965.[125]
However, some prominent academics continued to support eugenics after the war. In 1963 the Ciba Foundation convened a conference in London under the title “Man and His Future,” at which three distinguished biologists and Nobel laureates (Hermann Muller, Joshua Lederberg, and Francis Crick) all spoke strongly in favor of eugenics.[126] .A few nations, notably Sweden and the Canadian province of Alberta, maintained large-scale eugenics programs, including forced sterilization of mentally handicapped individuals, as well as other practices, until the 1970s.^ Let me leave that part of it then, with a fact, not an opinion: forced sterilization was legislated in Alberta in 1928, and the Sexual Sterilization Act wasn't repealed intil 1972 .
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You will agree, though, that the above does not comprise a definition--just a few wisps of vision that I wish a lot of other people had as well.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, until I did a few searches in response to above posts about a forced sterilization program in Alberta, turns out that British Columbia had one too, I was unaware that there had been any such programs in our history.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

[127]

Modern eugenics, genetic engineering, and ethical re-evaluation

.Beginning in the 1980s, the history and concept of eugenics were widely discussed as knowledge about genetics advanced significantly.^ I also don't agree with folks about human life beginning at conception...at least not from the perspective of the elimination of morning after pills.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.Endeavors such as the Human Genome Project made the effective modification of the human species seem possible again (as did Darwin's initial theory of evolution in the 1860s, along with the rediscovery of Mendel's laws in the early 20th century).^ Endeavors such as the Human Genome Project have again made the possibility of effective modification of the human species seem real, just as Darwin's initial theory of evolution did in the 1860s, and the rediscovery of Mendel's laws did in the earliest years of the 20th century.
  • Eugenics - Biocrawler, the free encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.biocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Endeavors such as the Human Genome Project made the effective modification of the human species seem possible again (as did Darwin's initial theory of evolution in the 1860s, along with the rediscovery of Mendel's laws in the early 20th century).

^ Human evolution, genetics, genomics and their interstices .
  • To breed a better human - we have the technology : Gene Expression 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The difference at the beginning of the 21st century was the guarded attitude towards eugenics, which had become a watchword to be feared rather than embraced.^ The difference this time around is, however, the guarded attitude towards "eugenics"—it has become a watchword to be feared rather than embraced.
  • Eugenics - Biocrawler, the free encyclopedia 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.biocrawler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I do not understand this negative attitude towards Eugenics.
  • Natural Selection and Eugenics | Way of the Mind 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.wayofthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The difference at the beginning of the 21st century was the guarded attitude towards eugenics, which had become a watchword to be feared rather than embraced.

[citation needed]
.A few scientific researchers such as psychologist Richard Lynn, psychologist Raymond Cattell, and scientist Gregory Stock have openly called for eugenic policies using modern technology, but they represent a minority opinion in current scientific and cultural circles.^ Some of the newest technologies, such as organ farming using totipotent stem cells of human embryos are aimed at immortality, at least for the few."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

[128] One attempted implementation of a form of eugenics was a "genius sperm bank" (1980–99) created by Robert Klark Graham, from which nearly 230 children were conceived (the best-known donors were Nobel Prize winners William Shockley and J.D.Watson). In the U.S. and Europe, though, these attempts have frequently been criticized as in the same spirit of classist and racist forms of eugenics of the 1930s. .Because of its association with compulsory sterilization and the racial ideals of the Nazi Party, the word eugenics is rarely used by the advocates of such programs.^ Eugenic sterilization, rare before Buck v.
  • Supremacist Science | Mother Jones 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

^ Because of its association with compulsory sterilization and the racial ideals of the Nazi Party, the word eugenics is rarely used by the advocates of such programs.

^ ABSTRACT: Eugenic sterilization in Nazi Germany.
  • RaceSci: History of Race in Science: Bibliographies: Eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC web.mit.edu [Source type: Academic]

Eugenicists have argued that immigration from countries with low national IQ is undesirable. According to Raymond Cattell "when a country is opening its doors to immigration from diverse countries, it is like a farmer who buys his seeds from different sources by the sack, with sacks of different average quality of contents."[129]

Cyprus

A similar screening policy (including prenatal screening and abortion) intended to reduce the incidence of thalassemia exists in both jurisdictions on the island of Cyprus. .Since the program's implementation in the 1970s, it has reduced the ratio of children born with the hereditary blood disease from 1 out of every 158 births to almost zero.^ The intention was to reduce the number of children born with genetic diseases and disorders.
  • EUGENICS AND THE LEFT 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC jonjayray.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]
  • John Ray -- Eugenics and the Left 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.orthodoxytoday.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the program's implementation in the 1970s, it has reduced the ratio of children born with the hereditary blood disease from 1 out of every 158 births to almost zero.

^ Despite the accelerating decline in births in the developing countries since the 1970s, from 6.1 to 3.9 children per mother, it is claimed that the black, brown, and yellow people there are still far too prolific.
  • Eugenics and Population Control -- The 1935 Nazi World Population Conference and the 1994UN Cairo Conference 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC members.tripod.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Tests for the gene are compulsory for both partners, prior to church wedding.[130][131]

United States

There are some states that require a blood test prior to marriage.[132] .While these tests are typically restricted to the detection of the sexually transmitted disease syphilis (which was the most common STD at the time these laws were enacted), some partners will voluntarily test for other diseases and genetic incompatibilities.^ (Of course, condoms -- or other technologies -- would still be used to aid in preventing the transmission of sexual diseases.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

Harris polls in 1986 and 1992 recorded majority public support for limited forms of germ-line intervention, especially to prevent "children inheriting usually fatal genetic disease".[133]
In 1971, lobbying by the US organization The International Association for Voluntary Sterilization (AVS), led politicians and officials at the Office for Equal Opportunity to pay for voluntary sterilization of low income Americans for birth-control purposes..January 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] AVS also focused on the International community, and its lobbying led to a US foreign policy and funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development to encourage Third World/Developing World countries to utilise abortion and sterilization in order to control their population growth.^ Thus, birth control and abortion were early identified as necessary to begin reducing population."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The 6,000,000 Jewish deaths from Hitler's Final Solution represented two-thirds of the total world-wide Jewish population."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But on a global scale, so-called "development" has continued at an accelerated pace to drain resources from the Third World to the First, and maintain Third World dependency, with the assistance of the IMF and the World Bank.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed] For further information see EngenderHealth.

Israel

.Dor Yeshorim, a program which seeks to reduce the incidence of Tay-Sachs disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Canavan disease, Fanconi anemia, Familial Dysautonomia, Glycogen storage disease, Bloom's Syndrome, Gaucher Disease, Niemann-Pick Disease, and Mucolipidosis IV among certain Jewish communities, is another screening program which has drawn comparisons with liberal eugenics.^ The medical school had a long history of interest in eugenics and had compiled extensive histories of families carrying inheritable disease.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[134] .In Israel, at the expense of the state, the general public is advised to carry out genetic tests to diagnose these diseases early in the pregnancy.^ The Christian Jew Foundation's Messianic Perspectives ~ Foundation generates publications and a radio show, leads tours to Israel, and undertakes Christian missionary work in a Jewish context.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Check out the calendar, chat, publications, founders and Israel tours.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If a fetus is diagnosed with one of these diseases, among which Tay-Sachs is the most commonly known, the pregnancy may be terminated, subject to consent.^ Tribulation/First 3.5 Years : God's two witnesses will prophesy for 3.5 years; one of these witnesses may be the apostle John.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

.Most other Ashkenazi Jewish communities also run screening programs because of the higher incidence of genetic diseases.^ Jews for Judaism Speakers Bureau ~ Jews for Judaism's preventative education programs are a most powerful means for innoculating the Jewish community against the threat of deceptive Christian missionary and destructive cult groups.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You guys, what are some other Jewish groups that might speak to the educational community besides the Jewish Defense League?
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United Jewish Federation of Pittsburgh ~ Charitable agency provides financial resources and central planning to the Jewish community of Pittsburgh and other areas around the world.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In some Jewish communities, the ancient custom of matchmaking (shidduch) is still practiced, and some matchmakers require blood tests so that they can avoid making matches between individuals who share the same recessive disease traits.^ Jewish community takes delight in welcoming those who choose to embrace Judaism as their ...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hindu Customs in the Jewish Community in India ~ Illuminated the commonalities between Hinduism and Judaism, and details the history of Jewish diaspora in India.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A person born to non-Jewish parents who believes everything that Jews believe and observes every law and custom of Judaism is still a non-Jew, even in the eyes ...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In order to attempt to prevent the tragedy of infant death which always results from being homozygous for Tay-Sachs, associations such as the strongly observant Dor Yeshorim (which was founded by Rabbi Joseph Ekstein, who lost four children to the disease) with the purpose of preventing others from suffering the same tragedy test young couples to check whether they carry a risk of passing on fatal conditions.^ "This knowledge was not completely lost, the high priests who left the temple when it was destroyed went out on the desert and organized the community known as Qumrun, they were the Essenes .
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ All four of my children are unbelievably kind and tolerant of others.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Seattle - Congregation Ezra Bessaroth ~ Access pages for the rabbi, hazzan, services, various committees and programs associated with this synagogue founded by immigrants from Rhodes.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

If both the young man and woman are Tay-Sachs carriers, it is common for the match to be broken off. .Judaism, like numerous other religions, discourages abortion unless there is a risk to the woman, in which case her needs take precedence.^ Jewish Studies Resources - Judaism - Academic Info ~ We Need Your Help Please take a minute to make a $10 tax-deductible donation.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Individuals and couples need to learn life skills to be more responsible members of society to the degree that they take risks.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Attitude towards other religions Judaism is not interested in active proselytism and does not ...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The effort is not aimed at eradicating the hereditary traits, but rather at the occurrence of homozygosity. The actual impact of this program on allele frequencies is unknown, but little impact would be expected because the program does not impose genetic selection. Instead, it encourages disassortative mating.

Ethical re-assessment

.Modern inquiries into the potential use of genetic engineering have led to an increased invocation of the history of eugenics in discussions of bioethics, most often as a cautionary tale.^ JEWS AND JUDAISM IN CHRISTIAN WRITINGS OF THE SECOND CENTURY CE. INTRODUCTION. Since the holocaust there has been an increased interest to delve into the history of the Christianity in...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some ethicists suggest that even non-coercive eugenics programs would be inherently unethical[citation needed], though this view has been challenged by such thinkers as Nicholas Agar.^ I would not have suspected that the man who was instrumental in initiating universal healthcare in Canada could have held such views.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was my thought that such a discussion would foster thought and understanding of where each of us comes from with our view.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

[135]
.In modern bioethics literature, the history of eugenics presents many moral and ethical questions.^ In modern bioethics literature, the history of eugenics presents many moral and ethical questions.

^ Genetic Diseases Modern Eugenics or Medical Breakthrough Technologically, the world is now capable of genetically modifying germinal cells to enhance or repress specific traits; however the question of whether it is ethical is still up in the air.
  • Eugenics - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 20 September 2009 9:43 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Unlike many areas of philosophy, which deal with generalities, ethics - particularly the effectiveness of ethical decision-making - is highly sensitive to the exact circumstances of the case in question.
  • POLITICALLY CORRECT EUGENICS 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ucl.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • POLITICALLY CORRECT EUGENICS 20 September 2009 9:43 UTC www.ucl.ac.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Commentators have suggested the new eugenics will come from reproductive technologies that will allow parents to create "designer babies" (what the biologist Lee M. Silver prominently called "reprogenetics").^ Taking the lifestories of each of these four and assembling them chronologically allows for the maintenance of the order of ascension that this new theory suggests."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

.It has been argued that this more subtly coercive form of biological improvement will be predominantly motivated by individual competitiveness and the desire to create the best opportunities for children, rather than an urge to improve the species as a whole, which characterized the early 20th-century forms of eugenics.^ There was another viewpoint, advocating that our species' behaviour was learned, rather than innate.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm in favour of it; it's a key factor in conservativism, with its focus on the individual rather than the group.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rather than a verse-by-verse commentary, particular issues associated with a more profound study of Shmuel are...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because of its less obviously coercive nature, lack of involvement by the state and a difference in goals, some commentators have questioned whether such activities are eugenics or something else altogether.^ It is not about some obscure mayor that no one has ever heard of and whether or not they supported eugenics.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

But critics note that Francis Galton did not advocate coercion when he defined the principles of eugenics.[136] .In other words, eugenics does not mean coercion.^ In other words, action determines ideology, instead of ideology determining action (as in "handsome is as handsome does."
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

It is, according to Galton who originated the term, the proper label for bioengineering of better human beings. .Critics counter that conformity and other pressures make legal eugenics programs coercive.^ And those who'd like to read a criticism of British eugenics can do no better than read G. K. Chesterton's 1922 classic, Eugenics and Other Evils.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

A growing example of support for designer babies comes in the form of arguments made in favor of parents being able to avoid raising homosexual children by using screening technologies.[137] The scientific consensus in America, which stems from the 1956 research of Dr. Evelyn Hooker, is that homosexuality is not a disorder. Therefore, it cannot be treated as a defective trait that is justifiably screened for as part of legitimate medical practice.[138]
Daniel Kevles argues that eugenics and the conservation of natural resources are similar propositions. Both can be practiced foolishly so as to abuse individual rights, but both can be practiced wisely. James D. Watson, the first director of the Human Genome Project, initiated the Ethical, Legal and Social Implications Program (ELSI) which has funded a number of studies into the implications of human genetic engineering (along with a prominent website on the history of eugenics), because:
In putting ethics so soon into the genome agenda, I was responding to my own personal fear that all too soon critics of the Genome Project would point out that I was a representative of the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory that once housed the controversial Eugenics Record Office. .My not forming a genome ethics program quickly might be falsely used as evidence that I was a closet eugenicist, having as my real long-term purpose the unambiguous identification of genes that lead to social and occupational stratification as well as genes justifying racial discrimination.^ I used the terms "Religion" and "Religious Studies" in my ...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Christianity, the "Messianic Jew", Racism and Racial Discrimination - well researched site ...
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[139]
.Distinguished geneticists including Nobel Prize-winners John Sulston ("I don't think one ought to bring a clearly disabled child into the world")[140] and Watson ("Once you have a way in which you can improve our children, no one can stop it")[141] support genetic screening.^ And then you support the point you didn't make by bringing Marx into it?
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't think that you should slide or sucker yourself out of such a requirement.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First, by the way, Hitler's axioms that you refer to, are in no way the same as 'the right holds dear', and it is incorrect of you to assert that they are.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.Which ideas should be described as "eugenic" are still controversial in both public and scholarly spheres.^ Which ideas should be described as "eugenic" are still controversial in both public and scholarly spheres.

^ They say you can still find the old Eugenics codes in the Public School System in Vermont unless they have finally been removed.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With support from citizens and medical professionals, the ideas of the eugenics movement quickly made their way into American public policy.
  • Human Testing, the Eugenics Movement, and IRBs | Learn Science at Scitable 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: Academic]

.Some observers such as Philip Kitcher have described the use of genetic screening by parents as making possible a form of "voluntary" eugenics.^ What Derbyshire and his Cornermates thereafter describe as “eugenics,” that is, mate selection and prenatal genetic manipulation, is simple genetics.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the newest technologies, such as organ farming using totipotent stem cells of human embryos are aimed at immortality, at least for the few."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

[142]

Criticism

Diseases vs. traits

.While the science of genetics has increasingly provided means by which certain characteristics and conditions can be identified and understood, given the complexity of human genetics, culture, and psychology there is at this point no agreed objective means of determining which traits might be ultimately desirable or undesirable.^ There is no choice but to fight fascism with more democracy and that means direct action in the streets, in the corridors of power and in every city in this country.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The entire context and frame of the article is based on race which I would like to point out is an entirely artificial concept with no basis in science.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And certainly, the arguments of the era about our species focused around whether behaviour was genetic or was culturally determined.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

Eugenic manipulations that reduce the propensity for criminality and violence, for example, might result in the population being enslaved by an outside aggressor it can no longer defend itself against. .Some diseases such as Sickle Cell Anemia and Cystic Fibrosis respectively confer immunity to malaria and resistance to Cholera when a single copy of the recessive allele is contained within the genotype of the individual.^ Some of the newest technologies, such as organ farming using totipotent stem cells of human embryos are aimed at immortality, at least for the few."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

Reducing the instance of Sickle Cell Anemia in Africa where malaria is a common and deadly disease could indeed be a net negative effect. On the other hand, genetic diseases like hemochromatosis can increase susceptibility to illness, cause physical deformities, and other dysfunctions.
.Eugenic measures against many of these diseases are already being undertaken in societies around the world, while measures against traits that affect more subtle, poorly understood traits, such as criminality, are relegated to the realm of speculation and science fiction.^ Right now these Light workers are helping by channeling Sananda (Jesus), the Archangels, the Ascended Masters, and many other higher dimensional beings.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These factors have less to do with conservatism and are based around the realities of a complex adaptive society, i.e., a society with a multimillion population.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.The effects of diseases are essentially wholly negative, and societies everywhere seek to reduce their impact by various means, some of which are eugenic in all but name.^ That the Society should pursue eugenic ends by less obvious means, that is by a policy of crypto-eugenics, which was apparently proving successful in the US Eugenics Society.

^ The other direction, negative eugenics, sought to eliminate the undesirable through sterilization, euthanasia, segregation or by any other means of stopping the degenerate from reproducing (Black 18-19).
  • Bound4LIFE - Abortion History 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC bound4life.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Modern society, through capitalist economics and 'transhumanist' ethics, seeks to do away with all three.

The other traits that are discussed have positive as well as negative effects and are not generally targeted at present anywhere.[citation needed]

Ethics

A common criticism of eugenics is that it inevitably leads to measures that are unethical (Lynn 2001[citation needed]). .A hypothetical scenario posits that if one racial minority group is on average less intelligent than the racial majority group, then it is more likely that the racial minority group will be submitted to a eugenics program rather than the least intelligent members of the whole population.^ Conservatives these days are just as likely to be more environmentally concerned and informed than socialists.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As I recall, SSM had less than the majority of Canadians supporting it at the time.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Voting should be the privilege of a small minority rather than universal democracy which Kirk saw as contributing to a degradation of society.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

H. L. Kaye wrote of "the obvious truth that eugenics has been discredited by Hitler's crimes," (Kaye 1989[citation needed]). R. L. Hayman argued "the eugenics movement is an anachronism, its political implications exposed by the Holocaust," (Hayman 1990[citation needed]).
Steven Pinker has stated that it is "a conventional wisdom among left-leaning academics that genes imply genocide." He has responded to this "conventional wisdom" by comparing the history of Marxism, which had the opposite position on genes to that of Nazism:
But the 20th century suffered "two" ideologies that led to genocides. .The other one, Marxism, had no use for race, didn't believe in genes and denied that human nature was a meaningful concept.^ The other one, Marxism, had no use for race, didn't believe in genes and denied that human nature was a meaningful concept.

^ No class of people or race of people is better than one or the other.
  • Royal Mail Honors Eugenicist & Nazi Sympathizer 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Being the head of huge company that manufactures space shuttles and other space exploration equipment, he uses his resources to build a huge space station to temporarily house the model humans of his master race.
  • Michelle Malkin » Margaret Sanger: old-skool eugenicist, Obama’s hero 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: General]

.Clearly, it's not an emphasis on genes or evolution that is dangerous.^ Clearly, it's not an emphasis on genes or evolution that is dangerous.

.It's the desire to remake humanity by coercive means (eugenics or social engineering) and the belief that humanity advances through a struggle in which superior groups (race or classes) triumph over inferior ones.^ CHURCH AGE Human sacrifice is currently accomplished through eugenics, genocide and abortion.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Rev.21.8 PROGRAM OF SATAN Eugenics, the systematic program of eliminating inferior races, will justify killing those who are deemed not suitable for the New World Order.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But the worst danger was that the triumph of the heretical principles meant the extinction of the human race.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

[143]
.Richard Lynn argues that any social philosophy is capable of ethical misuse.^ Richard Lynn argues that any social philosophy is capable of ethical misuse.

^ IQ was the subject of a joint presentation by Richard Lynn of the Ulster Institute for Social Research and J. Philippe Rushton of the University of Western Ontario.
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

Genetic diversity

.Eugenic policies could also lead to loss of genetic diversity, in which case a culturally accepted improvement of the gene pool could very likely, as evidenced in numerous instances in isolated island populations (e.g.^ In contrast, such meditation could lead to an 'ascent' (in imitation of Elijah) which could lead astray the unprepared, but could, as in the case of R. Akiva, lead to ascent and descent in 'perfect peace' (Scholem, 1991)."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We could start by draining the wingwer’s end of the Gene pool (they breed together too much anyway.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast, such meditation could lead to an 'ascent' (in imitation of Elijah) which could lead astray the unprepared, but could, as in the case of R. Akiva, lead to ascent and descent in 'perfect peace' (Scholem, 1991).
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

the .Dodo, Raphus cucullatus, of Mauritius) result in extinction due to increased vulnerability to disease, reduced ability to adapt to environmental change and other factors both known and unknown.^ You could even say that the utopias resemble each other - both would result in an individual and common weal.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.A long-term species-wide eugenics plan might lead to a scenario similar to this because the elimination of traits deemed undesirable would reduce genetic diversity by definition.^ Although I am opposed to Eugenics- when one views the genetic speciment now occupying the White House- one wonders if the country hasn’t lost it’s way- genetically.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rev.21.8 PROGRAM OF SATAN Eugenics, the systematic program of eliminating inferior races, will justify killing those who are deemed not suitable for the New World Order.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

(Galton 2001, 48[citation needed]).
.Proponents of eugenics argue that in any one generation any realistic program would make only minor changes in a fraction of the gene pool, giving plenty of time to reverse direction if unintended consequences emerge, reducing the likelihood of the elimination of desirable genes.^ Look at affirmative action -- I would have supported the idea for a limited amount of time but any "minority" today who thinks that they don't get a fair shake because of their sex or skin color is either paranoid or making excuses.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even if only one man were killed simply because he was a Jew, this would be a moral horror.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ed, having made just about every point it is possible to make on this – several times each – would you consider just letting this one go.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Proponents of eugenics argue that any appreciable reduction in diversity is so far in the future that little concern is needed for now.[144] The possible elimination of the autism genotype is a significant political issue in the autism rights movement, which claims autism is a form of neurodiversity. Many advocates of Down's Syndrome rights also consider Down's Syndrome (Trisomy-21) a form of neurodiversity.[citation needed]

Heterozygous recessive traits

In some instances efforts to eradicate certain single-gene mutations would be nearly impossible. .In the event the condition in question was a heterozygous recessive trait, the problem is that by eliminating the visible unwanted trait, there are still many carriers for the genes without, or with fewer, phenotypic effects due to that gene.^ Removing individuals from a population because they possess a certain trait does not remove the gene from the population because a large number of individuals in the population may carry it recessively.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With genetic testing it may be possible to detect all of the heterozygous recessive traits, but only at great cost with the current technology.^ Removing individuals from a population because they possess a certain trait does not remove the gene from the population because a large number of individuals in the population may carry it recessively.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Under normal circumstances it is only possible to eliminate a dominant allele from the gene pool. Recessive traits can be severely reduced, but never eliminated unless the complete genetic makeup of all members of the pool was known, as aforementioned. As only very few undesirable traits, such as Huntington's disease, are dominant, the practical value for "eliminating" traits is quite low.
.However, there are examples of eugenic acts that managed to lower the prevalence of recessive diseases, although not influencing the prevalence of heterozygote carriers of those diseases.^ The medical school had a long history of interest in eugenics and had compiled extensive histories of families carrying inheritable disease.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The elevated prevalence of certain genetically transmitted diseases among the Ashkenazi Jewish population (Tay-Sachs, Cystic Fibrosis, Canavan's disease and Gaucher's disease), has been decreased in current populations by the application of genetic screening.[145]

See also

Individuals:
Organisations:
Genetic factors:

References

  1. ^ Currell, Susan; Christina Cogdell (2006). Popular Eugenics: National Efficiency and American Mass Culture in The 1930s. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press. p. 203. ISBN 082141691X. 
  2. ^ See Black, cited below
  3. ^ Duster, Troy "Backdoor to Eugenics". Routledge, 1990
  4. ^ a b Donald MacKenzie, "Eugenics in Britain," Social Studies of Science 6(3) (1975): 503.
  5. ^ See generally Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race. In addition to being practiced in a number of countries it was internationally organized through the International Federation of Eugenic Organizations. (Black, p 240) Its scientific aspects were carried on through research bodies such as the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics (Black, p 286), the Cold Spring Harbour Carnegie Institution for Experimental Evolution (Black, p 40) and the Eugenics Record Office (Black, p 45). Its political aspects involved successful advocacy for changes of law to pursue eugenic objectives, for instance sterilization laws (e.g. U.S. sterilization laws, (Black, see Chapter 6 The United States of Sterilization)). Its moral aspects included rejection of the doctrine that all human beings are born equal and redefining morality purely in terms of genetic fitness(Black, p 237). Its racist elements included pursuit of a pure "Nordic race" or "Aryan" genetic pool and the eventual elimination of less fit races (see Black, Chapter 5 Legitimizing Raceology and Chapter 9 Mongrelization).
  6. ^ The exact definition of eugenics has been a matter of debate since the term was coined. In the definition of it as a "social philosophy"——that is, a philosophy with implications for social order——is not meant to be definitive, and is taken from "Development of a Eugenic Philosophy" by Frederick Osborn in American Sociological Review, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Jun., 1937) , pp. 389-397.
  7. ^ See for example EMBO Reports, European Molecular Biology Organization "In the name of science - the role of biologists in Nazi atrocities: lessons for today's scientists" EMBO Reports Vol 2 No 10 2001, pp 871 et seq which discusses eugenics and its culmination in Nazi atrocities. It concludes "It was scientists who interpreted racial differences as the justification to murder ... It is the responsibility of today's scientists to prevent this from happening again."
  8. ^ See for example, Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race
  9. ^ Article 2 of the Convention defines genocide as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
    (a) Killing members of the group;
    (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
    (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
    (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
    (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
    See Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
  10. ^ Galton, Francis (1883). Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development. London: Macmillan. p. 199. 
  11. ^ Margaret Sanger, quoted in Katz, Esther; Engelman, Peter (2002). The Selected Papers of Margaret Sanger. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press. p. 319. ISBN 9780252027376. "Our...campaign for Birth Control is not merely of eugenic value, but is practically identical in ideal with the final aims of Eugenics" 
  12. ^ Franks, Angela (2005). Margaret Sanger's eugenic legacy. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-7864-2011-7. "...her commitment to eugenics was constant...until her death" 
  13. ^ Everett Mendelsohn, Ph.D. Pauling's Eugenics, The Eugenic Temptation, Harvard Magazine, March-April 2000
  14. ^ Gordon, Linda (2002). The Moral Property of Women: A History of Birth Control Politics in America. University of Illinois Press. p. 196. ISBN 0252027647. 
  15. ^ Keynes, John Maynard (1946). "Opening remarks: The Galton Lecture, 1946. The Eugenics Review, vol 38, no. 1, pp. 39-40". The Eugenics Review 38 (1): 39–40. 
  16. ^ a b Okuefuna, David. "Racism: a history". British Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/documentaries/features/racism-history.shtml. Retrieved 2007-12-12. 
  17. ^ Black, pp 274-295
  18. ^ Allen, Garland E., Was Nazi eugenics created in the US?, Embo Reports, 2004
  19. ^ Deborah Barrett and Charles Kurzman. Oct., 2004. Globalizing Social Movement Theory: The Case of Eugenics. Theory and Society, Vol. 33, No. 5, pp. 505
  20. ^ Science, New Series, Vol. 57, No. 1463 (Jan. 12, 1923), p. 46
  21. ^ Sales Augusto dos Santos and Laurence Hallewell. Jan., 2002. Historical Roots of the "Whitening" of Brazil. Latin American Perspectives, Vol. 29, No. 1, Brazil: The Hegemonic Process in Political and Cultural Formation, pp. 81
  22. ^ McLaren, Angus. 1990. Our Own Master Race: Eugenics in Canada, 1885-1945. McClelland and Steward Inc. Toronto.
  23. ^ a b c Social Democrats implemented measures to forcibly sterilise 62,000 people, World Socialist Web Site
  24. ^ cited in Black, p 18.
  25. ^ A discussion of the shifting meanings of the term can be found in Diane Paul, Controlling human heredity: 1865 to the present (New Jersey: Humanities Press, 1995). ISBN 1-57392-343-5.
  26. ^ Black, Edwin (2004). War Against the Weak. Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 370. ISBN 1568583214, 9781568583211. 
  27. ^ a b Glad, 2008
  28. ^ Rose, Nikolas (2007). The Politics of Life Itself: Biomedicine, Power, and Subjectivity in the Twenty-First Century. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 372. ISBN 0691121915. 
  29. ^ Black, p 34, describes Davenport as eugenics crusader-in-chief
  30. ^ Black, p 40
  31. ^ Black, p 47
  32. ^ Black, p 240
  33. ^ Black, p 286
  34. ^ Black, p 285. Richard Weikart From Darwin to Hitler - Evolutionary Ethics, Eugenics, and Racism in Germany, describes this as the world's first Eugenic organization. (Weikart, p 15)
  35. ^ See generally Black and index entries
  36. ^ Allen G. Roper, Ancient Eugenics (Oxford: Cliveden Press, 1913), text at [1]
  37. ^ Leviticus, The Catholic Bible New York: Oxford University Press.
  38. ^ From Myth to Reason by Richard Buxton, ISBN 0753451107,1999, page 201, "But the exposure of deformed babies seems to have been a more widespread practice. For Athens, the most conclusive allusion is in Plato's Theaetetus"
  39. ^ Making Patriots by Walter Berns, 2001, page 12, "and whose infants, if they chanced to be puny or ill-formed, were exposed in a chasm (the Apothetae) and left to die;"
  40. ^ Channel 4 - History - The Spartans
  41. ^ Allen G. Roper, Ancient Eugenics (Oxford: Cliveden Press, 1913), text at Euvolution.com
  42. ^ Haeckel, Ernst (1876). "The History of Creation, vol. I". New York: D. Appleton. p. 170. http://www.worldfuturefund.org/wffmaster/Reading/Germany/Radical%20Ecology.htm#EUGENICS%20JUSTIFIED%20BY%20NATURE. "Among the Spartans all newly born children were subject to a careful examination or selection. All those that were weak, sickly, or affected with any bodily infirmity, were killed. Only the perfectly healthy and strong children were allowed to live, and they alone afterwards propagated the race." 
  43. ^ Hitler, Adolf (1961). Hitler's Secret Book. New York: Grove Press. pp. 8–9, 17–18. ISBN 0394620038. OCLC 9830111. "At one time the Spartans were capable of such a wise measure, but not our present, mendaciously sentimental, bourgeois patriotic nonsense. The rule of six thousand Spartans over three hundred and fifty thousand Helots was only thinkable in consequence of the high racial value of the Spartans. But this was the result of a systematic race preservation; thus Sparta must be regarded as the first Völkisch State. The exposure of the sick, weak, deformed children, in short, their destruction, was more decent and in truth a thousand times more humane than the wretched insanity of our day which preserves the most pathological subject, and indeed at any price, and yet takes the life of a hundred thousand healthy children in consequence of birth control or through abortions, in order subsequently to breed a race of degenerates burdened with illnesses." 
  44. ^ Hawkins, Mike (1997). Social Darwinism in European and American Thought, 1860-1945: nature as model and nature as threat. Cambridge University Press. p. 276. ISBN 052157434X. OCLC 34705047. http://books.google.com/books?id=SszNCxSKmgkC&pg=PA276&dq=Hitler%27s+Secret+Book+sparta&ie=ISO-8859-1&sig=q5g40V7M6bHFNX8pm4ZD65FxH6s#PPA276,M1. 
  45. ^ See Chapter 3 in Donald A. MacKenzie, Statistics in Britain, 1865-1930: The social construction of scientific knowledge (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1981).
  46. ^ Francis Galton, "Hereditary talent and character", Macmillan's Magazine 12 (1865): 157-166 and 318-327; Francis Galton, Hereditary genius: an inquiry into its laws and consequences (London: Macmillan, 1869).
  47. ^ Galton, Hereditary Genius: 1.
  48. ^ Larson 2004, p. 179 "Galton coined the word "eugenics" in his 1883 book, Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development.
  49. ^ Francis Galton, Inquiries into human faculty and its development (London, Macmillan, 1883): 17, fn1.
  50. ^ Francis Galton, "Eugenics: Its definition, scope, and aims," The American Journal of Sociology 10:1 (July 1904).
  51. ^ See Chapters 2 and 6 in MacKenzie, Statistics in Britain.
  52. ^ a b c Porter, Dorothy (1999). "Eugenics and the sterilization debate in Sweden and Britain before World War II". Scandinavian Journal of History 24: 145–62. doi:10.1080/03468759950115773. ISSN 03468755. 
  53. ^ King and Hansen, 1999. B.J.Pol.S. 29, 77–107
  54. ^ Bell, Alexander Graham (1883). "Memoir upon the formation of a deaf variety of the human race". Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf. http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/custom/portlets/recordDetails/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=ED033502&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno=ED033502. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  55. ^ Bruce, Robert V (1990). Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and the Conquest of Solitude. Cornell University Press. pp. 410; 417. ISBN 0801496918. 
  56. ^ a b The connections between U.S. and Nazi eugenicists is discussed in Edwin Black, "Eugenics and the Nazis -- the California connection", San Francisco Chronicle (9 November 2003), as well as Black's War Against the Weak (New York: Four Wars Eight Windows, 2003). Stefan Kühl's work, The Nazi connection: Eugenics, American racism, and German National Socialism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994), is considered the standard scholarly work on the subject.
  57. ^ Indiana Supreme Court Legal History Lecture Series, "Three Generations of Imbeciles are Enough:"Reflections on 100 Years of Eugenics in Indiana, at In.gov
  58. ^ Williams v. Smith, 131 NE 2 (Ind.), 1921, text at
  59. ^ Larson 2004, p. 194-195 Citing Buck v. Bell 274 U.S. 200, 205 (1927)
  60. ^ The history of eugenics in the United States is discussed at length in Mark Haller, Eugenics: Hereditarian attitudes in American thought (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1963) and Daniel Kevles, In the name of eugenics: Genetics and the uses of human heredity (New York: Knopf, 1985), the latter being the standard survey work on the subject.
  61. ^ Racism and Sexual Oppresion in Anglo-America, Ladelle McWhorter, Indiana University Press, 2009, pg 204
  62. ^ Racism and Sexual Oppresion in Anglo-America, Ladelle McWhorter, Indiana University Press, 2009, pg 204-205
  63. ^ Racism and Sexual Oppresion in Anglo-America, Ladelle McWhorter, Indiana University Press, 2009, pg 204-205
  64. ^ See Kevles, In the name of eugenics.
  65. ^ See Pg. 23 " 'Human Progress’ through Eugenics" from Psychology of Mental Fossils, toward an Archeo-psychology by Douglas Keith Candland at Douglascandland.com
  66. ^ Hamilton Cravens, The triumph of evolution: American scientists and the heredity-environment controversy, 1900-1941 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1978): 179.
  67. ^ Paul Lombardo, "Eugenic Sterilization Laws," essay in the Eugenics Archive, available online at Eugenicsarchive.org.
  68. ^ Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America, Alexandra Minna Stern, University of California Press, 2005
  69. ^ Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America, Alexandra Minna Stern, University of California Press, 2005, pg 27-31
  70. ^ Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America, Alexandra Minna Stern, University of California Press, 2005
  71. ^ Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America, Alexandra Minna Stern, University of California Press, 2005, pg 82-91
  72. ^ Kühl, Stefan (2002). The Nazi Connection. Oxford University Press. p. 192. ISBN 0195149785, 9780195149784. 
  73. ^ Watson, James D.; Andrew Berry (2003). DNA: The Secret of Life. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 29–31. ISBN 0375415467. http://www.scribd.com/doc/959616/Watson-James-The-Secret-of-Life. 
  74. ^ Steve Sailer, "Free To Choose? Insemination, Immigration, And Eugenics", Vdare.com
  75. ^ Paul Lombardo, "Eugenics Laws Restricting Immigration," essay in the Eugenics Archive, available online at Eugenicsarchive.org.
  76. ^ Paul Lombardo, "Eugenic Laws Against Race-Mixing," essay in the Eugenics Archive, available online at Eugenicsarchive.org.
  77. ^ See Lombardo, "Eugenics Laws Restricting Immigration"; and Stephen Jay Gould, The mismeasure of man (New York: Norton, 1981).
  78. ^ Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, The Bell Curve (Free Press, 1994): 5; and Mark Syderman Richard Herrnstein, "Intelligence tests and the Immigration Act of 1924," American Psychologist 38 (1983): 986-995.
  79. ^ "Minority Anti-Abortion Movement Gains Steam". NPR. September 24, 2007. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14650805. Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  80. ^ People1.org
  81. ^ Russell McGregor, Imagined Destinies. Aboriginal Australians and the Doomed Race Theory, 1880-1939, Melbourne: MUP, 1997
  82. ^ McGregor (1997: 151)
  83. ^ Aborigines Act of 1904
  84. ^ Stolen Generation by Tim Richardson
  85. ^ Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission - Bringing them Home - The Report
  86. ^ Jacobs, Pat (1990). Mister Neville, A Biography. Fremantle Arts Centre Press. ISBN 0-949206-72-5. 
  87. ^ Kinnane, Stephen (2003). Shadow Lines. Fremantle Arts Centre Press. ISBN 1-86368-237-6. 
  88. ^ McLaren, Angus. (1990) Our Own Master Race: Eugenics in Canada, 1885-1945. Toronto: Oxford University Press, p.28.
  89. ^ McLaren, p.100.
  90. ^ Sterlization Act has Much Backing, Edmonton Journal (9 March 1928) 7.
  91. ^ The Sterilization of Leilani Muir (film). Produced by the North West Center, National Film Board of Canada, 1996. Montreal, Canada.
  92. ^ McLaren, p.105.
  93. ^ McLaren, pp.117-118.
  94. ^ McLaren, p.169.
  95. ^ Quoted in Selgelid, Michael J. 2000. Neugenics? Monash Bioethics Review 19 (4):9-33
  96. ^ The Nazi eugenics policies are discussed in a number of sources. A few of the more definitive ones are Robert Proctor, Racial hygiene: Medicine under the Nazis (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988) and Dieter Kuntz, ed., Deadly medicine: creating the master race (Washington, DC: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2004) (online exhibit). On the development of the racial hygiene movement before National Socialism, see Paul Weindling, Health, race and German politics between national unification and Nazism, 1870-1945 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989).
  97. ^ 'Himmler was my godfather'
  98. ^ See Proctor, Racial hygiene, and Kuntz, ed., Deadly medicine.
  99. ^ TOQ-Richard Lynn-Black BR-Vol 4 No 1
  100. ^ Future Human Evolution: Eugenics in the Twenty-First Century. Hermitage Publishers. 2006. ISBN 1557791546. http://64.233.183.104/search?q=cache:9N0JmKW9S_4J:www.whatwemaybe.org/txt/Glad.John.2008.FHE.Meisenberg-abridgement.doc+itzkoff+antithesis+eugenic+practice&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=5&gl=se&client=firefox-a. "I would like to add a comment to Dr. Glad’s clear and decisive puncturing of the balloon of myths surrounding the Nazi perversion of eugenics. (For that matter, they also claimed to be a party of socialism!) If we define eugenics as encompassing programs of human betterment, physical as well as mental, practices that benefit community in the local sense as well as the species in general, we can say that the Holocaust was the antithesis of eugenic practice." 
  101. ^ "The National Eugenic Law" The 107th law that Japanese Government promulgated in 1940 (国民優生法) 第一条 本法ハ悪質ナル遺伝性疾患ノ素質ヲ有スル者ノ増加ヲ防遏スルト共ニ健全ナル素質ヲ有スル者ノ増加ヲ図リ以テ国民素質ノ向上ヲ期スルコトヲ目的トス, Kimura, Jurisprudence in Genetics, Bioethics.jp
  102. ^ "The Eugenic Protection Law" (国民優生法)The 107th law that Japanese Government promulgated in 1940 (国民優生法) 第二条 本法ニ於テ優生手術ト称スルハ生殖ヲ不能ナラシムル手術又ハ処置ニシテ命令ヲ以テ定ムルモノヲ謂フ, Otemon.ac.jp (Japanese)
  103. ^ SOSHIREN / 資料・法律−優生保護法
  104. ^ Michio Miyasaka, A Historical and Ethical Analysis of Leprosy Control Policy in Japan, clg.niigata-u.ac.jp
  105. ^ Michio Miyasaka
  106. ^ Jennifer Robertson, Blood Talks
  107. ^ Herbert Bix, Hirohito and the making of modern Japan, 2001, p. 538, citing Kinkabara Samon and Takemae Eiji, Showashi : kokumin non naka no haran to gekido no hanseiki-zohoban, 1989, p.244.
  108. ^ Dikotter, Frank (1998). Imperfect Conceptions: Medical Knowledge, Birth Defects, and Eugenics in China. New York: Columbia University Press. 
  109. ^ Dikotter, Frank (1992). The Disourse of race in modern China. London: C. Hurst, Stanford University Press, Hong Kong University Press. 
  110. ^ Lena Lennerhed, Lena. Sterilisation on Eugenic Grounds in Europe in the 1930s: News in 1997 but Why? Reproductive Health Matters, Vol. 5, No. 10, The International Women's Health Movement (Nov., 1997), pp. 156
  111. ^ Rastänkandet i Sverige
  112. ^ a b Even in Sweden By Allan Richard Pred
  113. ^ Steriliseringsfrågan i Sverige 1935 - 1975, SOU 2000:20, in Swedish with an English summary.
  114. ^ Broberg, Gunnar; Tydén, Mattias (2005). "Who became 'The Other'? Gender in the implementation of the sterilization laws". in Roll-Hansen, Nils. Eugenics and the welfare state. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press. pp. 119–124. ISBN 0870137581. 
  115. ^ "Sterilisation of the unfit - Nazi legislation," The Guardian (26 July 1933). Available online at Guardian.co.uk.
  116. ^ There are a number of works discussing eugenics in various countries around the world. For the history of eugenics in Scandinavia, see Gunnar Broberg and Nils Roll-Hansen, eds., Eugenics And the Welfare State: Sterilization Policy in Demark, Sweden, Norway, and Findland (Michigan State University Press, 2005). Another international approach is Mark B. Adams, ed., The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990).
  117. ^ See Diane K. Mauzy, Robert Stephen Milne, Singapore politics under the People's Action Party (Routledge, 2002).
  118. ^ "Universal Declaration of Human Rights". http://www.unhchr.ch/udhr/lang/eng.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-26. 
  119. ^ "Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice". http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/d_prejud.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-26. 
  120. ^ A discussion of the general changes in views towards genetics and race after World War II is: Elazar Barkan, The retreat of scientific racism: changing concepts of race in Britain and the United States between the world wars (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
  121. ^ American Bioethics Advisory Commission, "Eugenics," ABAC website
  122. ^ UNESCO: Its Purpose and its Philosophy (Washington D.C. 1947), cited in Liagin, Excessive Force: Power Politics and Population Control, at 85 (Washington, D.C.: Information Project for Africa 1996)
  123. ^ See Broberg and Nil-Hansen, ed., Eugenics And the Welfare State and Alexandra Stern, Eugenic nation: faults and frontiers of better breeding in modern America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005)
  124. ^ Essay 7: Marriage Laws
  125. ^ Essay 9: Immigration Restriction
  126. ^ John Glad: "Future Human Evolution: Eugenics in the Twenty-First Century", Hermitage Publishers
  127. ^ Jackson, Emily (October 2001). Regulating Reproduction. Oxford, England: Hart. p. 45. ISBN 1841130540. 
  128. ^ See, i.e., Richard Lynn, Eugenics: A Reassessment (Human Evolution, Behavior, and Intelligence) (Praeger Publishers, 2001).
  129. ^ Cattell, R. B. (1987). Beyondism: Religion from science. New York: Praeger, p. 187
  130. ^ Ioannou, Panayiotis (1999). Chadwick , Ruth F. ed. The ethics of genetic screening. Den Haag, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic. pp. 61–67. ISBN 978-0-7923-5614-1. 
  131. ^ Cowan, Ruth Schwartz (2008). Heredity and Hope. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. 208–216. ISBN 978-0-674-02424-3. 
  132. ^ Marriage Laws in the US - Blood Tests
  133. ^ The Eugenic Temptation (March-April 2000)
  134. ^ Shidduchim.info
  135. ^ For example, Nicholas Agar, Liberal Eugenics: In Defence of Human Enhancement (Blackwell, 2004).
  136. ^ Buchanan, Allen; Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels, Daniel Wikler (2001). "Violations of reproductive freedoms". From Chance to Choice. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-66977-4. 
  137. ^ Drexler, Peggy (2009-07-07). "When Gay Comes Home". The Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/peggy-drexler/when-gay-comes-home_b_227347.html. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  138. ^ Answers to Your Questions For a Better Understanding of Sexual Orientation & Homosexuality APA.org, 2008, American Psychological Association accessed 2009-08-01
  139. ^ James D. Watson, A passion for DNA: Genes, genomes, and society (Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2000): 202.
  140. ^ Quoted in Brendan Bourne, "Scientist warns disabled over having children" The Sunday Times (Britain) (13 October 2004). Available online at Times online
  141. ^ Quoted in Mark Henderson, "Let's cure stupidity, says DNA pioneer", The Times (28 February 2003). Available online at Times online.
  142. ^ Philip Kitcher, The Lives to Come (Penguin, 1997). Review available online at Wellcome.ac.uk
  143. ^ "United Press International: Q&A: Steven Pinker of 'Blank Slate". http://pinker.wjh.harvard.edu/books/tbs/media_articles/2002_10_30_upi.html. Retrieved 2006-08-26. 
  144. ^ Edward M. Miller: "Eugenics: Economics for the Long Run", 1997
  145. ^ Title: Fatal Gift: Jewish Intelligence and Western Civilization

Sources

Histories of eugenics (academic accounts)
.
  • Elof Axel Carlson, The Unfit: A History of a Bad Idea (Cold Spring Harbor, New York: Cold Spring Harbor Press, 2001).^ New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

    ^ In 1921, when the Second International Congress of Eugenics convened at the Museum of Natural History in New York, eugenics gained momentum.
    • Alliance for Human Research Protection - Screening for Mental Illness: The Merger of Eugenics and the Drug Industry 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ahrp.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ DeCapo Press, a division of Plenum Press, 227 West 17th Street, New York, New York 10011.
    • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 0-87969-587-0
  • Daniel Kevles, In the name of eugenics: Genetics and the uses of human heredity (New York: Knopf, 1985).
  • Dieter Kuntz, ed., Deadly medicine: creating the master race (Washington, DC: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2004).^ Angus McLaren has done a history of eugenics in Canada called "Our own master race : eugenics in Canada, 1885-1945" which is worth a read.
    • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As depression-maddened financiers schemed in Berlin and New York, Ruoaudin was now official leader of the world eugenics movement.
    • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Bristol named her son after Tripp NYC, a fashion company based in New York City's East Village which specializes in Goth/Vampire clothing.
    • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

    online exhibit
  • Ruth C. Engs, The Eugenics Movement: An Encyclopedia. (Westport CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005). ISBN 0-313-32791-2.
  • John Glad, Future Human Evolution: Eugenics in the Twenty-First Century. (Hermitage Publishers, 2008). ISBN 1-55779-154-6.Whatwemaybe.org
Histories of hereditarian thought
  • Elazar Barkan, The retreat of scientific racism: changing concepts of race in Britain and the United States between the world wars (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
  • Stephen Jay Gould, The mismeasure of man (New York: Norton, 1981).
  • Ewen & Ewen, Typecasting: On the Arts and Sciences of Human Inequality (New York, Seven Stories Press, 2006).
Criticisms of eugenics, historical and modern
.
  • Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race (Four Walls Eight Windows, 2003).^ Angus McLaren has done a history of eugenics in Canada called "Our own master race : eugenics in Canada, 1885-1945" which is worth a read.
    • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

    Waragainsttheweak.com ISBN 1-56858-258-7
  • Dinesh D'Souza, The End of Racism (Free Press, 1995) ISBN 0-02-908102-5
  • Galton, David, Eugenics: The Future of Human Life in the 21st Century (Abacus, 2002) ISBN 0-349-11377-7
  • Robert L. Hayman, Presumptions of justice: Law, politics, and the mentally retarded parent. .Harvard Law Review 1990, 103, 1202-71. (p. 1209)
  • Joseph, J. (2004).^ "Barackula is a short political horror rock musical about young Barack Obama having to stave off a secret society of vampires at Harvard when he was inducted into presidency at the Harvard Law Review in 1990.
    • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

    The Gene Illusion: Genetic Research in Psychiatry and Psychology Under the Microscope. New York: Algora. (2003 United Kingdom Edition by PCCS Books)
  • Joseph, J. (2005). The 1942 “Euthanasia” Debate in the American Journal of Psychiatry. History of Psychiatry, 16, 171-179.
  • Joseph, J. (2006). .The Missing Gene: Psychiatry, Heredity, and the Fruitless Search for Genes. New York: Algora.
  • H. L. Kaye, The social meaning of modern biology 1987, New Haven, CT Yale University Press.^ University Press of New England .
    • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    (p. 46)
  • Tom Shakespeare, "Back to the Future? .New Genetics and Disabled People", Critical Social Policy 46:22-35 (1995)
  • Wahlsten, D. (1997).^ New Genetics and Disabled People", Critical Social Policy 46:22-35 (1995) Wahlsten, D. (1997).

    ^ Social responsibility: Genetics and the developmentally disabled.

    ^ His policy proposals allowing for the killing of newborns with disabilities and people with significant cognitive disabilities are already well known.

    .Leilani Muir versus the Philosopher King: eugenics on trial in Alberta.^ Leilani Muir versus the Philosopher King: eugenics on trial in Alberta.

    ^ Yet it was an essential step towards progress when Eugenics, divorced from militarism, found a place for the intellect of the philosopher King beside the physique of the warrior.
    • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Genetica 99: 185-198.
  • Tom Shakespeare, Genetic Politics: from Eugenics to Genome, with Anne Kerr (New Clarion Press, 2002).
  • Nancy Ordover, American Eugenics: Race, Queer Anatomy, and the Science of Nationalism (Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press, 2003).^ The Congress proceedings were dedicated to Averell Harriman’s mother; she had paid for the founding of the race-science movement in America back in 1910, building the Eugenics Record Office as a branch of the Galton National Laboratory in London.
    • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Background note The Second International Conference on Eugenics, held in New York in 1921, produced one concrete result: the American Eugenics Society.
    • American Eugenics Society Papers :: American Philosophical Society 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.amphilsoc.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ University Press of New England .
    • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-8166-3559-5
  • Gina Maranto, "Quest for Perfection: The Drive to Breed Better Human Beings" Diane Publishing Co. (June 1996) ISBN 0-7881-9431-3
  • Andrea Smith, Conquest: Sexual Violence and the American Indian Genocide (Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 2005).

External links

Historical resources


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Francis Galton, an early advocate of eugenics
.Eugenics is a social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary traits through various forms of intervention.^ Eugenics is a social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary traits through various forms of intervention.

^ Eugenics: "A social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary qualities through selective breeding."
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eugenics: "A social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary qualities through selective breeding.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

Sourced

.
  • One of the effects of civilisation is to diminish the rigour of the application of the law of natural selection.^ The savage bred recklessly, compensating his recklessness by infanticide, but a natural law of civilization has superseded the artificial law of primitive man.
    • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I'm not a Catholic, but presumably one of the Catholic natural law theorists around here can give better explanation.

    ^ After reading Darwin’s Origin of Species, Galton built upon Darwin’s ideas whereby the mechanisms of natural selection were potentially thwarted by human civilization.
    • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

    It preserves weakly lives that would have perished in barbarous lands. .
    • Francis Galton, 1865. Hereditary talent and character.^ Francis Galton, "Hereditary talent and character" , Macmillan's Magazine 12 (1865): 157-166 and 318-327; Francis Galton , Hereditary genius: an inquiry into its laws and consequences (London: Macmillan, 1869).

      ^ Galton first sketched out his theory in the 1865 article "Hereditary Talent and Character," then elaborated it further in his 1869 book Hereditary Genius .

      ^ In 1863, Sir Francis Galton, a cousin of Charles Darwin, theorized that if talented people only married other talented people, the result would be measurably better offspring.
      • A LIBERAL ELITIST CANDIDLY REVEALS HIS TRUE EUGENICIST COLORS! 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC propagandamatrix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .MacMillan's Magazine, 12, 157-166; 318-327.
  • There is a steady check in an old civilisation upon the fertility of the abler classes: the improvident and unambitious are those who chiefly keep up the breed.^ Who’s going to keep civilized society going?
    • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There are the Indians who offer up children to Moloch or drown them in the Ganges; the Carthaginians sacrifice them to Kronos, the Mexicans to the rain god.
    • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It was Germany’s duty (according to these beliefs) to improve upon and defend their race and society against those who would in any way injure it.
    • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

    .So the race gradually deteriorates, becoming in each successive generation less fit for a high civilisation.^ Many of my close friends from my High School class were dead within a year or less after graduation.
    • Eugenics and Environmentalism: From quality control to quantity control 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Francis Galton, 1869 (p.414). Hereditary Genius. .London: MacMillan.
  • We civilised men do our utmost to check the process of elimination; we build asylums for the imbecile, the maimed, and the sick ....^ We civilized men, on the other hand, do our utmost to check the process of elimination; we build asylums for the imbeciles, the maimed, and the sick; we institute poorlaws; and our medical men exert their utmost skill to save the life of everyone to the last moment.
    • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ We civilized men, on the other hand, do our utmost to check the process of elimination; we build asylums for the imbecile, the maimed, and the sick; we institute poorlaws; and our medical men exert their utmost skill to save the life of everyone to the last moment.
    • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Ancients attempted to combat the wasteful processes of Nature by eliminating the non-viable at birth; our efforts, on the contrary, have been directed to the prolongation of their lives.
    • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

    .There is reason to believe that vaccination has preserved thousands...^ There is reason to believe that vaccination has preserved thousands, who from a weak constitution would formerly have succumbed to smallpox.
    • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And even with it, it can be viewed as equally false because there's no particular reason for believing it other than to justify the conclusion that life is something to be cherished beyond reason.
    • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If you believe that the "soul" is merely epiphenomenal to the brain (I am agnostic about this), then certainly there is no soul until there is a brain of reasonable complexity.

    .Thus the weak members of civilised societies propagate their kind.^ Thus the weak members of civilized society propagate their kind.
    • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Thus the weak members of civilized societies propagate their kind.
    • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

    .No one who has attended to the breeding of domestic animals will doubt that this must be highly injurious to the race of man.^ No one who has attended to the breeding of domestic animals will doubt that this must be highly injurious to the race of man.
    • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The other one, Marxism, had no use for race, didn't believe in genes and denied that human nature was a meaningful concept.

    ^ After all, we have no moral or ethical problems with breeding, aborting, and slaughtering animals.
    • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It is surprising how soon a want of care, or care wrongly directed, leads to the degeneration of a domestic race; but excepting in the case of man itself, hardly any one is so ignorant as to allow his worst animals to breed.^ It is surprising how soon a want of care, or care wrongly directed, leads to the degeneration of a domestic race; but excepting in the case of man himself, hardly any one is so ignorant as to allow his worst animals to breed.” In this desacralized picture of existence, to speak of life as possessing any kind of holiness is to introduce an alien note.
    • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In the same book, he compared the evolution of people to the breeding of animals and drew a chilling conclusion regarding what he saw as the undesirable consequences of allowing the unfit to breed: .
    • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I do have problems with what Dawkins said, but, even so, the quote above is hardly the ringing endorsement of eugenics that the headline and the hysterical story describing Dawkins' words would lead one to believe.
    • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Charles Darwin, 1871 (p. 501). The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. London: MacMillan.
  • To aid the bad in multiplying is, in effect, the same as maliciously providing for our descendants a multitude of enemies. .Institutions which 'foster good-for-nothings' commit an unquestionable injury because they put a stop to that natural process of elimination by which society continually purifies itself.^ Nonetheless, we are committed to the tax cuts because they do have a positive impact on the economy, even though not as big as the investment.
    • Numerous media figures equate Pelosi's defense of family planning provision in recovery package to China's "one-child policy," eugenics, Nazism | Media Matters for America 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Plato, aware of the ruthless waste of life which attends on Nature's process of elimination, was blind to the tendencies of his own short-sighted scheme.
    • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ So he thought that if you had tests that were achievement tests, or tests of mastery of the high school curriculum, it would be unfair to poor kids because they wouldn't have gone to good high schools.
    • frontline: secrets of the sat: interviews: nicholas lemann 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

  • In one of my last conversations with Darwin he expressed himself very gloomily on the future of humanity , on the ground that in our modern civilisation natural selection had no play and the fittest did not survive...^ After reading Darwin's Origin of Species , Galton noticed an interpretation of Darwin's work whereby the mechanisms of natural selection were potentially thwarted by human civilization .

    ^ He reasoned that, since many human societies sought to protect the underprivileged and weak, those societies were at odds with the natural selection responsible for extinction of the weakest.

    ^ The other one, Marxism, had no use for race, didn't believe in genes and denied that human nature was a meaningful concept.

    .It is notorious that our population is more largely renewed in each generation from the lower than from the middle and upper classes.^ Also recall that at the time, Medicaid was a program predominantly benefitting only the poor, and not the near middle-class entitlement into which more recent Congresses have morphed it.
    • Whiff of Eugenics: Ginsburg Tells NYT Roe Was About 'Populations That We Don't Want .... Too Many Of' | NewsBusters.org 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Because the concept of “our kind” includes a lot more than race – also intellectual capability, heterosexuality, and able-bodied-ness.
    • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ And I agree, it’s time to consider more than just calling our congresscritters unless we see some action when they get back to DC. .
    • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • While modern social conditions are removing the crude physical checks which the unrestrained struggle for existence places on the over-fertility of the unfit, they may at the same time be leading to a lessened relative fertility in those physically and mentally fitter stocks, from which the bulk of our leaders have hitherto been drawn.^ They are relative, dualistic terms that we assign meanings to based on our own interests and aspirations, spiritual and otherwise, and then we project those meanings onto the world.

    ^ In his anxiety to breed a race of Eugenes, Plato removed the conditions which made their existence possible.
    • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ However consider this, "free from disease" is mainly an environmental condition, genetics plays a part, but modern medicice has removed many diseases from a common occurance.
    • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Karl Pearson, 1901. National Life from the Standpoint of Science.^ The only healthy alternative is that he should go and completely drive out the inferior race.” – from the lecture “National Life from the Standpoint of Science,” 1900 .
      • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

      .London, Methuen.
  • The only remedy, if one be possible at all, is to alter the relative fertility of the good and the bad stocks in the community.^ According to one study, only 3.5 percent of all congregations include a second race that accounts for as much as 20 percent of members.
    • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (Of course, it's one of the oldest tricks in the book to attempt to conceal a bad motive beneath a facade of good intentions.

    ^ The public is urged to become literate about the new technologies and to consider the possible uses (good and bad) to which they can be put.

    .
    • Karl Pearson, 1903. On the inheritance of the mental and moral characters in man.^ (Eugenics Review, July, I9I2; Cyril Burt, "Inheritance of Mental Characters."
      • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

      .Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland.^ Newcomers to the city came (in order of numerical strength) from New England, Ireland, Sweden, Quebec, English-speaking Canada, and Great Britain.
      • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

      33, 179-237.

See also

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

 
Eugenics
by Franz Boas
The Scientific Monthly, Vol. 3, No. 5 (November, 1916), pp. 471-478.
[471]
EUGENICS
By FRANZ BOAS
PROFESSOR OF ANTHROPOLOGY, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY
. THE possibility of raising the standards of human physique and mentality by judicious means has been preached for years by the apostles of eugenics, and has taken hold of the public mind to such an extent that eugenic measures have even found a place on the statute books of a number of states, and that the public conscience disapproves of marriages that are thought bound to produce unhealthy offspring.^ Since the postwar period, both the public and the scientific communities have associated eugenics with Nazi abuses, such as enforced racial hygiene, human experimentation, and the extermination of undesired population groups.

^ Beginning with Connecticut in 1896 many states enacted marriage laws with eugenic criteria, prohibiting anyone who was "epileptic, imbecile or feeble-minded " from marrying.

^ The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics was founded in 1927; by 1933 a sterilization law which had been entitled "Eugenics in the service of public welfare" indicated compulsory sterilization "for the prevention of progeny with hereditary defects" in cases of "congenital mental defects, schizophrenia, manic-depressive psychosis, hereditary epilepsy...

.The thought that it may be possible by these means to eliminate suffering and to strive for higher ideals is a beautiful one, and makes a strong appeal to those who have at heart the advance of humanity.^ These are guys who thought big.
  • frontline: secrets of the sat: interviews: nicholas lemann 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was Germany’s duty (according to these beliefs) to improve upon and defend their race and society against those who would in any way injure it.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It would be strange if it could not call upon those who already sap the strength of the State for these lesser sacrifices ...
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Our experiences in stock and plant breeding have shown that it is feasible, by appropriate selection, to improve the breed in almost any direction that we may choose: in size, form, color; and even in physiological functions, as in the rapidity of development, in fertility or mentality.^ Positive Eugenics the preferential breeding of so-called superior individuals in order to improve the genetic stock of the human race.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We may choose not to live so long, but it’s not as if there is an inherent limit on our lifespans, If there were, it would be impossible to change in any case.

.It is, therefore, more than probable that similar results may be obtained in man by careful mating of appropriately selected individuals—provided that man allows himself to be selected in the same manner as we select animals.^ On May 20, S. 1099: Patients' Choice Act was introduced "to provide comprehensive solutions for the health care system of the United States, and for other purposes."
  • A LIBERAL ELITIST CANDIDLY REVEALS HIS TRUE EUGENICIST COLORS! 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC propagandamatrix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Her girlish ways may make a stir, Her manners cause a scene, But there is no more harm in her Than in a submarine.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We have seen more than once that the public welfare may call upon the best citizens for their lives [in warfare].
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.We have also the right to assume that, by preventing the propagation of mentally or physically inferior strains, the gross average standing of a population may be raised.^ "Eugenics is the study of the agencies under social control that may improve or impair the racial qualities of future generations either physically or mentally."
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wells devoted entire pamphlets to the need of “preventing the birth, preventing the procreation or preventing the existence” of the mentally and physically handicapped.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although these methods sound attractive, there are serious limitations to their applicability.^ But there is also the conception of the mean, of an enclosing limit or (greek ommitted), flowing naturally from the teleological method.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is obvious, from a purely biological point of view, that only those features that are hereditary can be affected by eugenic selection.^ The Platonic aim was justified biologically as well as from the economic point of view, but his methods were mistaken.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eugenics: "A social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary qualities through selective breeding."
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From a certain point of view, natural selection and/or something that could be called “social Darwinism” on a world scale was responsible for destroying the Nazis.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

.If an individual possesses a desirable quality the development of which is wholly due to environmental causes, and that will not be repeated in the descendants, its selection will have no influence upon the following generations.^ No scheme of economic Eugenics, inferring the aptitudes of individuals from social position or income, can solve the hopeless perplexities that wait upon constructive methods.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are lower desires which no good influence can ever spiritualize.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Life expectancy, life quality, social status, mate selection -- these are environmental boons to be won or lost by individual humans.

It is, therefore, of fundamental importance to know what is hereditary and what not. .We all know that features or color of hair and skin are hereditary; in other words, that in these respects children resemble organically their parents, no matter in what environment they may have been brought up.^ Only a few can achieve perfect happiness, and these are they who divine and temperate, and gifted with all other virtues by nature, have also received everything which good education could impart.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Down Syndrome children, and other hereditary conditions that place a tremendous burden on the parents, are a rather different matter.

^ But far more important, just as they show no racial solidarity in “the free world,” whites in prison do not band together to protect each other from predators.
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

In other cases, however, the determining influence of heredity is not so clear. .We know that stature depends upon hereditary causes, but that it is also greatly influenced by more or less favorable conditions during the period of growth.^ However, life itself is a marvel, and though I prefer my life (and the lives of those I love) above the life of a bacteria, I know I have no more or less right to live.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pearson has collected William Shockley's writings about his theories of hereditary human intelligence and his belief that the less intelligent were overproducing and the more intelligent, underproducing.

^ According to Galton, society already encouraged dysgenic conditions, claiming that the less intelligent were out-reproducing the more intelligent.

We know that rapidity of development is no less influenced by these two causes, and that, in general, the more subject [472]an anatomical or physiological trait is to the influence of environment, the less definitely can we speak of a controlling influence of heredity, and the less are we justified in claiming that nature, not nurture, is the deciding element. .It would seem, therefore, that the first duty of the eugenist should be to determine empirically and without bias what features are hereditary and what not.^ Therefore, like modern Eugenists, he would trust to the power of public opinion.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Socialist who contends that all men should and might be made equal would find no friend in Plato any more than in modern Eugenists.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Unfortunately this has not been the method pursued; but the battlecry of the eugenists, “Nature not nurture,” has been raised to the rank of a dogma, and the environmental conditions that make and unmake man, physically and mentally, have been relegated to the background.^ I propose to show in this book that a man's natural abilities are derived by inheritance, under exactly the same limitations as are the form and physical features of the whole organic world.

^ Regular workouts (environmental factors) of the mind and body are known to improve physical and mental prowess.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Had these acts been real, they would have violated basic ethical standards and raised serious mental and physical health concerns."
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is easy to see that in many cases environmental causes may convey the erroneous impression of hereditary phenomena.^ The use of analogy presents many pitfalls to be surmounted, and it is easy to see the absurdity of any conception of Eugenics as a sort of higher cattle-breeding.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many are likely to be black, and some may be just as happy as the rapists to see whites humiliated.
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Posted by: enough at May 22, 2006 3:35 PM ET: I see nothing wrong with proposing what socialism is not in order to build a case for what it might be.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

We know that poor people develop slowly and remain short of stature as compared to wealthy people. .We may find, therefore, in a poor area, apparently a low hereditary stature, that, however, would change if the economic life of the people were changed.^ Because free people, left to themselves to innovate and find better and more economical ways of producing food (or anything else for that matter) will do just that.
  • Whiff of Eugenics: Ginsburg Tells NYT Roe Was About 'Populations That We Don't Want .... Too Many Of' | NewsBusters.org 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Worse, the Nazis decided on who should live and who should die not based on what would be good for people or their offspring, but rather primarily on economic grounds.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, the rich would progressively become more and more advantaged over the poor in areas such as intelligence, beauty, and physical prowess.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.We may find proportions of the body determined by occupations, and apparently transmitted from father to son, provided both father and son follow the same occupation.^ For a Jewish woman, it may have the same meaning until she is pregnant, with the possibility of bearing a son.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "I begin with man's birth, showing how he may become best and strongest in body, if the father trains and undergoes hardship, and the future mother is strong and also trains."
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.It in obvious that the more far-reaching the environmental influences are that act upon successive generations, the more readily will a false impression of heredity be given.^ But geographic environment cannot produce a given type of mind any more than education: it can only foster or thwart heredity.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Here we reach a parting of the ways of the biological eugenist and the student of human society.^ But Aristotle recognized, as Eugenists recognize to-day, that any scheme of constructive Eugenics must be set aside as visionary and im-practicable (Bateson, "Biological Fact and Structure of Society," p.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most modern biologists are so entirely dominated by the notion that function depends upon form, that they seek for an anatomical basis for all differences of function.^ Modern society, through capitalist economics and 'transhumanist' ethics, seeks to do away with all three.

^ Of all the stances of the old progressives, eugenics has to be the one most unrelated to modern progressive policies.

^ So, your "logic" is, "well since they will burden society and burden families, let's just murder them in the most horrific form that humans know!"
  • Whiff of Eugenics: Ginsburg Tells NYT Roe Was About 'Populations That We Don't Want .... Too Many Of' | NewsBusters.org 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

.To give an instance: they are inclined to assume that higher civilization is due to a higher type; that better health depends upon a better hereditary stock; and so on.^ He challenges Fisher's argument that advanced civilizations destroy themselves when the ruling or "better" people have fewer children due to "relative genetic infertility" not by choice.

.The anthropologist, on the other hand, is convinced that many different anatomical forms can be adapted to the same social functions; and he ascribes, therefore, greater weight to the functions, and believes that in many cases differences of form may be adaptations to different functions.^ This can be the case for genes with a heterozygote advantage , such as sickle cell anemia or Tay-Sachs disease , which in their heterozygote form may offer an advantage against, respectively, malaria and tuberculosis.

^ On the other hand, there is universal agreement that many genetic diseases , such as Tay Sachs, spina bifida , Hemochromatosis , Down syndrome , Rh disease , etc.

^ He warns that eliminating one form of suffering may only produce other forms, more terrible.

.He believes that different types of man may reach the same civilization, that better health may be produced by better bringing up of any of the existing types of man.^ We gave up the world believing we could bring about a nobler and better humanity.’ .
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Someone earlier brought up the idea that once a person has reached consciousness, that person may be loathe to suggest they shouldn't have been born.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It may well be that a person who can afford to pay $50,000 for an egg donation can also afford to send the child to better schools and provide better health care.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.The anatomical differences to which the biologist reduces social phenomena are hereditary; the environmental causes which the anthropologist sees reflected in human form are individually acquired, and not transmitted by heredity.^ Some modern subcultures advocate different forms of eugenics assisted by human cloning and human genetic engineering , sometimes even as part of a new cult (see Raëlism , Cosmotheism , or Prometheism ).

^ There are even people within the environmental movement who quite decidedly see humans as just another overpopulated species that needs to be actively culled.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eugenics is a social philosophy which advocates the improvement of human hereditary traits through various forms of intervention.

.It would lead us too far to prove the correctness of the anthropologist’s view.^ The way I would respond to this is simply to say that it really boils down do how each of us views, deals with / manages life.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was my thought that such a discussion would foster thought and understanding of where each of us comes from with our view.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Let us never forget...that when a life form proves inadequate, or too diseased , or too crippled...it is from the point of view of the Hierarchy - no disaster when that form has to go."
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

.It must suffice to point out a very few examples.^ What it does damage in TD's image is, as Debris Trail points out, is that of his scholarliness in that it was very poorly researched.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

Sameness of language acquired under the same linguistic environment by members of the most diverse human types, sameness of food selected from among the products of nature by people belonging to the same cultural area, similarity of movements required in industrial pursuits, the habits of sedentary or nomadic life, all of which are distributed [473]without any reference to physical type, will illustrate that there is ample evidence showing the lack of relation between social habits and physical type.
.The serious demand must, therefore, be made that eugenists cease to look at the forms, functions, and activities of man from the dogmatic point of view according to which each feature is assumed to be hereditary, but that they begin to examine them from a more critical point of view, requiring that in each and every case the hereditary character of a trait must be established before it can be assumed to exist.^ Everything must be examined from this [utilitarian] point of view and used or rejected according to its utility.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is nothing inherent in atheism or Dawkins' views that demands that humans shouldn't be treated differently than animals, and there are philosophies that equate humans and animals far more than any atheist.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Every year, they discover more and more genetic traits for future illness, appearance and even potential criminality.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

The question at issue is well illustrated by the extended statistics of cacogenics, of the histories of defective families. .Setting aside for a moment cases of hereditary pathological conditions, we find that alcoholism and criminality are particularly ascribed to hereditary causes.^ Aside from this provision I find abortion in many cases to be nothing short of murder.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.When we study the family histories in question, we can see often, that, if the individuals had been protected by favorable home surroundings and by possession of adequate means of support against the abuse of alcohol or other drugs as well as against criminality, they would not have fallen victims to their alleged hereditary tendencies, any more than many a weakling who is brought up under favorable circumstances.^ Osborne also demanded mandatory sterilization of all those who carried hereditary disabilities (which would account for more than 20 percent of the population), and mandatory contraceptive use by all those whose family history indicated a predisposition towards serious hereditary defects (another twenty percent of the nation's population).
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have no more qualms about killing a fetus than I would about killing any other parasite.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As you can see, what Dawkins is saying is not an expression of support for eugenics, but rather a provocative question: Is eugenics inherently bad, and, if so, why?
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

Their resistance to the temptations of their environment would have entitled them to be classed as moral heroes. .The scales applied to the criminal family and to the well-to-do are clearly quite distinct; and, so far as heredity is concerned, no more follows from the collected data of delinquency than would follow from the fact that in an agricultural community the occupation of farming descends from father to son.^ I have no more qualms about killing a fetus than I would about killing any other parasite.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Plato's critics from the days of Aristotle have concerned themselves with the position of his third class, but in no long period of time this class would have suffered total extinction.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a state where the best children were foundlings and the rest were eliminated at birth, the infantile death-rate would have more than counterbalanced any rise in the birth-rate.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Whether or not constitutional debility based on hereditary causes may also be proved in these cases, is a question by itself that deserves attention; but neither can it be considered as proved, nor do we grant that the selection of delinquents would eliminate all those who possess equal constitutional debility.^ Those sickly persons who would be eliminated were identified by the Committee for Research on Hereditary Diseases and Constitutional Susceptibility to Severe Diseases.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was Germany’s duty (according to these beliefs) to improve upon and defend their race and society against those who would in any way injure it.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It would be strange if it could not call upon those who already sap the strength of the State for these lesser sacrifices ...
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Basing our views on the observed fact, that the most diverse types of man may adapt themselves to the same forms of life, I claim that, unless the contrary can be proved, we must assume that all complex activities are socially determined, and not hereditary; that a change in social conditions will change the whole character of social activities without influencing in the least the hereditary characteristics of the individuals concerned.^ It may change its form, but it never perishes.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The [unhealthy] must at all costs be eliminated, lest the whole fall to pieces.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A parent arranges a marriage of a daughter to a powerful and wealthy man, men attempt to attract and procreate with the most beautiful women, short men and women attempt the same with taller partners, and even the ban in most societies on marriage between siblings these are all improving human hereditary qualities through selective breeding.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.Therefore, when the attempt is made to prove that defects or points of excellence are hereditary, it is essential that all possibility of a purely environmentally or socially determined repetition of ancestral traits be excluded.^ No attempt was ever made to realize the ideals of the Republic "except by dreamers and somnambulists at second-hand in an age of mysticism and social degeneration."
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And all of these traits have developmental and environmental components.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With genetic testing , it may be possible to detect all of the heterozygous recessive traits, but only at great cost.

.If this rigidity of proof is insisted on, it will appear that many of the data on which the theory of eugenics is based are unsatisfactory, and that much greater care must be exerted than finds favor with the enthusiastic adherents of eugenic theories.^ The eugenics movement now has more than twice as many full-time employees than it did when it originally flowered in the 1920s and 1930s.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You will find that the site explains in detail many of guidelines that memebers of the HGDP must follow and the reasoning behind each one.
  • Human Genome Project LInks Page 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.spsu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The theory and practice of eugenics covers the entire spectrum of the "slippery slope," from artificial contraception to abortion to euthanasia to genocide, and also encompasses many other evils as well.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[474]All this does not contradict the fact that individual physical and mental characteristics are hereditary, and that, by proper selection from among the large series of varying individual forms that occur among all types of people, certain strains might be selected that have admirable qualities, while others might be suppressed that are not so favored.
.It is claimed that the practical application has become a necessity because among all civilized nations there is a marked tendency to general degeneration.^ There was not enough property for all of them, which mean a general trend of downward mobility.
  • Does IQ Determine the Wealth of Nations? - Mises Economics Blog 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC blog.mises.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There has never been a nation practicing socialism and/or communisim that has avoided the inevitable resulting disaster.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The stigmatization of eugenics because of its association, on the other hand, has not at all slowed the application of medical technologies that decrease the incidence of birth defects, or to slow the search for their causes.

I do not believe that this assertion has been adequately proved. In modem society the conditions of life have become markedly varied as compared with those of former periods. .While some groups live under most favorable conditions, that require active use of body and mind, others live in abject poverty, and their activities have more than ever before been degraded to those of machines.^ The word eugenics would sufficiently express the idea; it is at least a neater word and a more generalised one than viriculture which I once ventured to use.

^ Haller also concentrates on those scientists and social scientists who applied Darwinian analysis to various racial groups and decided some races were more advanced than others on the evolutionary scale.

^ We have seen more than once that the public welfare may call upon the best citizens for their lives [in warfare].
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the same time, the variety of human activities is much greater than it used to be.^ Indeed, the fundamental premise of eugenics holds that some human beings have greater value and worth than other human beings, based on their capacities or innate characteristics.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the medical profession has divided human gestation into trimesters, it is convenient to use that as a cut-off point with regard to giving "enough time".
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For the entire population, it would be much greater even though over-aged 65 people use more prescription drugs than any other age group.
  • A LIBERAL ELITIST CANDIDLY REVEALS HIS TRUE EUGENICIST COLORS! 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC propagandamatrix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is, therefore, quite intelligible that the functional activities of each nation must show an increased degree of differentiation, a higher degree of variability.^ Therefore everyone I've met is anti-abortion with varying degrees of acceptability.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.Even if the general average of the mental and physical types of the people has remained the same, there must be a larger number now than formerly who fall below a certain given low standard, while there must also be more than formerly who exceed a given high standard.^ There is the same type of sexism on the left.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And as I have said, there are two ways to move population sizes to more reasonable levels (someone tell me why we need seven billion people -- would not 700 million or even 70 million suffice?
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Her girlish ways may make a stir, Her manners cause a scene, But there is no more harm in her Than in a submarine.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The number of defectives can be counted by statistics of poor relief, delinquency and insanity, but there is no way of determining the increase of those individuals who are raised above the norm of a higher standard.^ By the way, did you know that there is a disproportionet number of abortion clinics in minority, low-income areas?
  • Whiff of Eugenics: Ginsburg Tells NYT Roe Was About 'Populations That We Don't Want .... Too Many Of' | NewsBusters.org 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Likewise, a world without cancer is not identical to a world without those individuals who happen to have cancer in our world.

^ Results indicated that while students had a significant increase in knowledge about mental retardation, there was no chane in their eugenics attitude scores.

Therefore they escape our notice. .It may, therefore, very well be that the number of defectives increases, without, however, influencing the value of a population as a whole, because it is merely an expression of an increased degree of variability.^ Soon the world may well be engulfed by indescribable horrors as these nations of the starving are crushed under the weight of their teeming populations.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tacitus, however, makes the same statement of the Jews, to whom, having before them the injunction to increase and multiply, the whole practice would naturally be abhorrent.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Without a corresponding fall in birth rates this produces an imbalance, and the countries in this stage experience a large increase in population.
  • A LIBERAL ELITIST CANDIDLY REVEALS HIS TRUE EUGENICIST COLORS! 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC propagandamatrix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Added to this is the fact that, arbitrarily selected, absolute standards do not retain their significance. .Even if no change in the absolute standard should be made, the degree of physical and mental energy required to keep one’s self under modem conditions above a certain minimum of achievement is greater than it used to be.^ The word eugenics would sufficiently express the idea; it is at least a neater word and a more generalised one than viriculture which I once ventured to use.

^ Who knows who Ginsburg was referring to when she made this comment...Was is the mentally or physically disabled, minorities, or just a child that a woman finds herself pregnant with and sees the whole situation as an inconvenience that should be done away with?
  • Whiff of Eugenics: Ginsburg Tells NYT Roe Was About 'Populations That We Don't Want .... Too Many Of' | NewsBusters.org 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Which means you should be talking about private efforts to change the culture rather than policy.

.This is due to the greater complexity of our life and to the increasing number of competing individuals.^ In stage two, that of a developing country, the death rates drop rapidly due to improvements in food supply and sanitation, which increase life spans and reduce disease.
  • A LIBERAL ELITIST CANDIDLY REVEALS HIS TRUE EUGENICIST COLORS! 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC propagandamatrix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We see our wills as temporary manifestations of a greater Will: our sense of time and causation has opened out to the infinite, and we are learning to subordinate the individual lot to the specific destiny.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Greater capacity is required to attain a high degree of prominence than was needed in other periods of our history.^ Unfortunately, our only authority is a writer concerned more with ethics than history, treating facts with a certain Procrustean freedom to fit a preconceived morality.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For the entire population, it would be much greater even though over-aged 65 people use more prescription drugs than any other age group.
  • A LIBERAL ELITIST CANDIDLY REVEALS HIS TRUE EUGENICIST COLORS! 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC propagandamatrix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the Spartan Eugenics had taken some account of those other tendencies of its earlier history, its influence on the world might have been of greater importance.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.The claim that we have to contend against national degeneracy must, therefore, be better substantiated than it is now.^ Who the f--- are YOU to say youre better than i am and so therefore DESERVE this or that???
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now before anyone jumps my case, I’m a white guy who discovered long ago I ain’t better than nobody.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

.This problem is further complicated by the advances of public hygiene, which have had the result of lowering infant mortality, and thus have brought about a change in the composition of the population, in so far as many who would have succumbed to deleterious conditions in early years enter into the adult population and must have an influence upon the general distribution of vitality.^ Among the intelligent classes of a civilized community it is effected by control of reproduction; among the lower classes the same equilibrium is brought about by a differential death-rate.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was Germany’s duty (according to these beliefs) to improve upon and defend their race and society against those who would in any way injure it.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It would be strange if it could not call upon those who already sap the strength of the State for these lesser sacrifices ...
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There is still another important aspect of eugenics that should [475]make us pause before we accept this new ambitious theory as a panacea for human ills. .The radical eugenist treats the problem of procreation from a purely rationalistic point of view, and assumes that the ideal of human development lies in the complete rationalization of human life.^ Modern Eugenists, concerned with classifying such defects into transmissible and non-transmissible, regard the question from a different view-point.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Spartans, Plato, Aristotle, all realized the problem, Plato returning to atavism for his remedy, Aristotle conceiving the humaner methods of Modern Eugenists.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm sorry that you've come to a place, through trial or education, that has so sterilized and calloused your view of the purpose and value of human life.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a matter of fact, the conclusions to be drawn from the study of the customs and habits of mankind show that such an ideal is unattainable, and more particularly that the emotions clustering about procreation belong to those that are most deeply seated in the human soul, and that are ineradicable.^ With most of the plain people this conclusion is simply based on the fact that the alien ideas do not work well for them.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ They rejected the Lockean formulation and instead tried to make Americanism a matter of customs, habits, religious belief, language, and common ancestry.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Most "aliens" do not "understand those principles, even when they use our words in talking about them."
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

Here again the anthropologist and the biologist are at odds. .The natural sciences do not recognize in their scheme a valuation of the phenomena of nature, nor do they count emotions as moving forces: they endeavor to reduce all happenings to the actions of physical causes.^ All of the rights we have give us the freedom to do immoral things; supporting those rights is not the same as endorsing every possible action they allow.

^ They must convince all of us that we are intrinsically worthless and that all of our value is conferred upon us by society.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This guy was painfully smart, articulate, a genius in the arts and physics, and had completely given up on any value in life at all.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

Reason alone reigns in their domain. .For this reason the scientist likes to look at mental life from the same rational standpoint, and sees as the goal of human development an era of reason, as opposed to the former periods of unhealthy fantastic emotion.^ It's like the recent study showing that malnutritian affects both physical and mental development.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ease with which a human life can be extinguished makes life either invaluable or worthless depending on how you look at it.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The foreground of human life we can see with exactness, but the past is foreshortened by the atmosphere of time.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.The anthropologist, on the other hand, can not acknowledge such a complete domination of emotion by reason.^ On the other hand, there is universal agreement that many genetic diseases , such as Tay Sachs, spina bifida , Hemochromatosis , Down syndrome , Rh disease , etc.

^ Second-generation Irish-American women, on the other hand, dominated the ranks of public school teachers.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ (If we don't have a soul, and our thoughts and emotions are completely physically determined, then any conclusions that our minds come to are also the product of physical causation, and therefore are not the products of reason, which means that we have no reason to believe them.

.He rather sees the steady advance of the rational knowledge of mankind, which is a source of satisfaction to him no less than to the biologist; but he sees also that mankind does not put this knowledge to purely reasonable use, but that its actions are swayed by emotions no less now than in former times, although the increase of knowledge limits the extreme forms of unreasonable emotional activities.^ The used that as the reason to have the Romans crucify him.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As I recall, SSM had less than the majority of Canadians supporting it at the time.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no fairer spectacle than that of a man who combines beauty of soul and beauty of form.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Religion and political life, and our everyday habits, present endless proofs of the fact that our actions are the results of emotional preferences, that conform in a general way to our rational knowledge, but which are not determined by reason; that we rather try to justify our choice of action by reason than have our actions dictated by reason.^ I’m not saying that trying to be a good father is as noble as the choices those men made, but it’s better than having kids and then leaving.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rational argument presupposes the existence of a realm of ideas, in which thought and ideas are the product of reason and not causally determined by physical processes.

^ And I agree, it’s time to consider more than just calling our congresscritters unless we see some action when they get back to DC. .
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is, therefore, exceedingly unlikely that a rational control of one of the strongest passions of man could ever succeed.^ Eugenics has been promoted not as a general philosophy of man, but inherently as a system of state control– where reproduction must be guided by "wisemen" of one brand or another.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From the age of seven to puberty there are state-controlled gymnastics, but these gymnastics, unlike the Spartan, are merely a means to a further end the training of reason from puberty to the age of twenty-one.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.If even in matters of minor importance evasion of the law is of common occurrence, this would be infinitely more common in questions that touch our inner life so deeply.^ Cathars...It was probably a more common practice for people who had received the Cathar sacrament, the Consolamentum, on their deathbeds, to abstain from taking nourishment in order not to prolong life unduly.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The implied intent of eugenics would be to breed a healthier more law abiding, productive population.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But if the above is what you mean by a "definition" of conservatism, I would submit that I have provided, in a number of posts, even more detail with respect to socialism.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.The instinctive repugnance against eugenic legislation is based on this feeling.^ Second, you might feel that while eugenics is a *legitimate* end, it trades off against other ends that may be *more valuable* in the final analysis.

.It can not be doubted that the enforcement of eugenic legislation would have a far-reaching effect upon social life, and that it would tend to raise the standard of certain selected hereditary strains.^ Evans quoted Madison Grant to the effect that "the mere force of breeding" of these "low standard peoples" would inevitably displace the Nordic.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ While some acknowledge the differences between coercive and elective forms of eugenics, they argue that the social stratification that may result from the latter would still be problematic.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was recognized that the occurrence of the non-viable child was inevitable, but remedial legislation, reaching a step further back, essayed by anticipation to reduce this waste of life to a minimum.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

It is, however, an open question what would happen to the selected strains owing to the changed social ideals; and it is inexcusable to refuse to consider those fundamental changes that would certainly be connected with eugenic practice, and to confine ourselves to the biological effect that may be wrought, for we know that in the great mass of a healthy [476]population the social stimulus is infinitely more potent than the biological mechanism.
.Although we are ignorant of the results of a rigid application of eugenics, a few of its results may be foretold with great certainty.^ While some acknowledge the differences between coercive and elective forms of eugenics, they argue that the social stratification that may result from the latter would still be problematic.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.The eugenist who tries more than to eliminate the unfit will first of all be called upon to answer the question what strains are the best to cultivate.^ The preface to a history of Eugenics may be compiled from barbarism, for the first Eugenist was not the Spartan legislator, but the primitive savage who killed his sickly child.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Best estimates put the annual number of prison rapes at about 140,000, which is 50,000 more than the 90,000 or so rapes of women reported to police.
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Positive eugenics' tried to encourage the population perceived as the "best and brightest" to have more offspring (V, Ludmerer, 1978, p.

.If it is a question of breeding Indian corn or chickens, we know what we want.^ The question you want to know is a variation on the original one Fellowship asked: When does it become human enough?
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

We desire a large yield of good corn, or many eggs of heavy weight. But what do we want in man? Is it physical excellence, mental ability, creative power, or artistic genius? We must select certain ideals that we want to raise. .Considering then the fundamental differences in ideals of distinct types of civilization, have we a right to give to our modern ideals the stamp of finality, and suppress what does not fit into our life?^ The sacredness of our Sabbath, of our homes, of chastity, and finally even of our right to teach our own children in our own schools fundamental facts and truths were torn away from us.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Modern Eugenists have recognized that, if there is to be Eugenics by Act of Parliament, the Eugenic ideal must first be absorbed into the conscience of the nation.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If a couple cannot give their child a suitable quality of life then the responsible thing to do is to not bring it into a state of suffering.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.There is little doubt that we, at the present time, give much less weight to beauty than to logic.^ There is little doubt that in no long period of time the Platonic guardians would have been faced with the grave problem of depopulation.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As I recall, SSM had less than the majority of Canadians supporting it at the time.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no fairer spectacle than that of a man who combines beauty of soul and beauty of form.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Shall we then try to raise a generation of logical thinkers, suppress those whose emotional life is vigorous, and try to bring it about that reason shall reign supreme, and that human activities shall be performed with clock-like precision?^ I wondered why leftists continually attack Alberta for ridiculous reasons, when they could bring up a legitimate issue like that one.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't think that human beings can nor should seek to enjoy such a world; there is something to be said for acceptance of one's limitations and for what fate brings us, rather than trying to exert total control over life.

^ We gave up the world believing we could bring about a nobler and better humanity.’ .
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

.The precise cultural forms that would develop can, of course, not be foretold, because they are culturally, not biologically, determined; but there is little doubt that within certain limits the intensity of emotional life—regardless of its form—and the vigor of logical thought—regardless of its contents—could be increased or decreased by organic selection.^ Given Ginsburg's stated "at the time" position, there's little doubt that she would have declared the Hyde Amendment, which "barred the use of federal Medicaid funds for abortions except where the life of the mother would be endangered or in cases of rape or incest," unconstitutional.
  • Whiff of Eugenics: Ginsburg Tells NYT Roe Was About 'Populations That We Don't Want .... Too Many Of' | NewsBusters.org 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then there are those cases of so many people who have kids long before they are emotionally and mentally ready, which might have an effect of the mental state of the child for the rest of his/her life....
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is little doubt that in no long period of time the Platonic guardians would have been faced with the grave problem of depopulation.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Such a deliberate selection of qualities which would modify the character of nations implies an overestimation of the standards that we have reached, which to my mind appears intolerable.^ The modern problem is the selection of qualities on a basis broad enough to represent the natural differentiation of individuals and nations, the problem of a Eugenic ethnology.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As to that second problem, the selection of qualities to breed in, Plato, like Sparta, chose physique, but chose it because he believed that soul depends on body, matter conditions mind.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.Personally the logical thinker may be most congenial to me, nevertheless I respect the sacred ideals of the dreamer who lives in a world of musical tones, and whose creative power is to me a marvel that surpasses understanding.^ Who are you to say that I am a bad person for making myself and my world better?
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That's someone who has lived a viable life and may continue to do so vs a fetus which has not and is not likely to.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nevertheless, a Jew may share in the beliefs of Judaism about God and yet not feel a strong tie to Jews who regularly attend synagogue.
  • Search Results for Judaism, Jew 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.preciousheart.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Without a selection of standards, eugenic practise is impossible; but if we read the history of mankind aright, we ought to hesitate before we try to set our standards for all time to come, for they are only one phase in the development of mankind.^ Paper read before Eugenics Congress.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Read before Eugenics Congress.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The seers will come before Him and they will be seen before Him, And they will praise Jahshuwah for His love because HE IS NEAR and beholdeth.
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

.This consideration applies only to our right to apply creative eugenic principles, not to the question whether practical results by eugenic selection can be attained.^ If you say that practicing selective abortion is a sort of eugenics, how about practicing selective birth timing?

^ Obviously, the question of whether and when to apply the term is contested, since nobody wants to be associated with the way early-twentieth century eugenics was practiced in the United States .

^ He concluded that, since one could use artificial selection to exaggerate traits in other animals, one could expect similar results when applying such models to humans.

.I have pointed out before how much in this respect is still hypothetical, or at least of doubtful value, because the social factors outweigh the biological ones.^ I still point out that you have not defined socialism as a political theory.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How’d the last one work out?
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a town where there is a lot of fornication and much promiscuity, there is still great embarrassment about AIDS, because it is sexually transmitted.
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

.At the present time the idea of creating the best human types by selective mating is hardly a practical one, because it dwells only as a desirable ideal in the minds of some enthusiasts.^ We do have examples of one type of 'selective breeding.'
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you say that practicing selective abortion is a sort of eugenics, how about practicing selective birth timing?

^ While there certainly *are* people who advocate removing some more of our current restrictions on mate selection, and I'm one of them, it is by no means a universally accepted position.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

The immediate application of eugenics is rather concerned with the elimination of strains that are a burden to the nation or to themselves, [477]and to raise the standard of humanity by the suppression of the progeny of the defective classes. .I am doubtful whether eugenics alone will have material results in this direction, for, in view of the fundamental influence of environmental causes, that I set forth before, it is perfectly safe to say that no amount of eugenic selection will overcome those social conditions by means of which we have raised a poverty and disease-stricken proletariat, which will be reborn from even the best stock, so long as the social conditions persist that remorselessly push human beings into helpless and hopeless misery.^ EUGENICS QUOTES (By no means exhaustive) .
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The direct influence of Spartan Eugenics was infinitesimal.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He reasoned that, since many human societies sought to protect the underprivileged and weak, those societies were at odds with the natural selection responsible for extinction of the weakest.

.The effect would probably be to push new groups of individuals into the deadly environment where they would take the place of the eliminated defectives.^ They take jobs that would otherwise have gone to whites.
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many white prisoners told Human Rights Watch that they were uncomfortable with blacks and would prefer to live in a racially segregated environment.
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (And that's assuming that they're inventing new genes rather than simply repairing known "defective" genes; inventing new genes that work better than the existing ones would be quite difficult if it is possible at all.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.Eugenics alone can not solve the problem.^ A gradual extension of aim has led to efforts to guard the child at birth, even before birth; and, finally, Eugenics has set itself to solve the problems of heredity.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

.It requires much more an amelioration of the social conditions of the poor which would also raise many of the apparently defective to higher levels.^ The immediate reaction of many of us freethinkers was to think at the individual level, and wonder what would happen if one of those kids who was raised *for the purpose* of being a Christian decided to become some other religion, or none.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But if the above is what you mean by a "definition" of conservatism, I would submit that I have provided, in a number of posts, even more detail with respect to socialism.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When you ascend you move beyond many of the limitations that you have on the 3D Earth and you regain a more complete conscious connection with your higher self and All That Is (God)...
  • Heeding Bible Prophecy: New Life 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC watch-unto-prayer.org [Source type: Original source]

.Another aspect of the problem is of much more vital importance to mankind.^ If it is welcomed, it will become so much more to the people involved, but on the other hand, if it is not welcomed then I have no problem with treating a fetus as it is.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don’t see the importance of AIDS.” Another man is somewhat more reflective: “Because we are Zulus, we don’t believe AIDS can affect us.
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And if they would be the ‘children’ of the smartest people the chance of survival of the mankind would be much more higher that today.bla-bla-bla..
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

.The object of eugenics is the raising of a better race and to do away with increasing suffering by eliminating those who are by heredity destined to suffer and to cause suffering.^ It will be swamped by the triumphant colored races, who will obliterate the white man by elimination or absorption.
  • Firedoglake » Reviving eugenics 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was Germany’s duty (according to these beliefs) to improve upon and defend their race and society against those who would in any way injure it.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those sickly persons who would be eliminated were identified by the Committee for Research on Hereditary Diseases and Constitutional Susceptibility to Severe Diseases.
  • CHAPTER 105 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The humanitarian idea of the conquest of suffering, and the ideal of raising human efficiency to heights never before reached, make eugenics particularly attractive.^ One of the earliest modern advocates of eugenic ideas (before they were labeled as such) was Alexander Graham Bell .

^ Before the death camps of World War II , the idea that eugenics could lead to genocide was not taken seriously.

^ Supporting the freedom of the individual to make choices for their own life with no regard for the rest of humanity BECAUSE that ideal is part of what makes us human?
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

.I believe that the human mind and body are so constituted that the attainment of these ends would lead to the destruction of society.^ It was Germany’s duty (according to these beliefs) to improve upon and defend their race and society against those who would in any way injure it.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Darwin pretty much admitted this in his writings, but said that our natural compassion and humanity would prevent us from following his theories to their logical end…he was wrong.
  • Michelle Malkin » The Radical, Intellectual Roots of the Eugenics Movement 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But given people's disparate conceptions of the ideal society, it seems to me that any further consensus on what exactly would constitute "improvement" is currently impossible to achieve.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

.The wish for the elimination of unnecessary suffering is divided by a narrow margin from the wish for the elimination of all suffering.^ There is no possible way to eliminate all suffering the world.
  • life pre-birth [Archive] - AppleInsider 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

While, humanely speaking, this may be a beautiful ideal, it is unattainable. The performance of the labors of mankind and the conflict of duties will always be accompanied by suffering that must be borne, and that men must be willing to bear. .Many of the works of sublime beauty are the precious fruit of mental agony; and we should be poor, indeed, if the willingness of man to suffer should disappear.^ She did nothing for him, and the man, who was homeless and suffered from mental problems, bled to death.
  • American Renaissance April 2002 12 September 2009 8:08 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, if we cultivate this ideal, then that which was discomfort yesterday will be suffering to-day, and the elimination of discomforts will lead to an effeminacy that must be disastrous to the race.^ "Birth control must lead ultimately to a cleaner race."
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Spartans were concerned with the same problem in a different aspect; this tendency, suffered to run its course unchecked, meant to them extermination by war; to-day it means elimination by disease.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "In order to stabilize world population, we must eliminate 350,000 people per day.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

This effect is further emphasized by the increasing demands for self-perfection. .The more complex our civilization and the more extended our technical skill and our knowledge, the more energy is demanded for reaching the highest efficiency, and the less is it admissible that the working capacity of the individual should be diminished by suffering.^ With increased knowledge to justify restrictions, the modern state may be purged of the pauper more slowly, but no less surely, than the Platonic state of the Laws.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no large body of theological work on the subject until modernity itself made knowledge of the reproductive process more concrete and less mystical.

.We are clearly drifting towards that danger-line where the individual will no longer bear discomfort or pain for the sake of the continuance of the race, and where our emotional life is so strongly repressed by the desire for self-perfection—or by self-indulgence—that the coming generation is sacrificed to the selfishness of the living.^ It is true that besides this tendency toward individual independence there was a logical development of Stoicism which recognized that man, to obtain his freedom, must live, not for himself, but for society.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Supporting the freedom of the individual to make choices for their own life with no regard for the rest of humanity BECAUSE that ideal is part of what makes us human?
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We also have to deal with the fact that there are other motivations other than altruism that come into play, as in parents not wanting to be bothered with having a child that is less than perfect, even though that child could potentially live a satisfying and worthwhile life.
  • Is Richard Dawkins endorsing eugenics? : Respectful Insolence 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: Original source]

The [478]phenomenon that characterized the end of antiquity, when no children were found to take the place of the passing generations, is being repeated; and the more vigorously the eugenic ideals of the elimination of suffering and of self-development are held up, the sooner shall we drift towards the destruction of the race.
.Eugenics should, therefore, not be allowed to deceive us into the belief that we should try to raise a race of supermen, nor that it should be our aim to eliminate all suffering and pain.^ But to eliminate all of the other races is folly.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead of decreasing and aiming to eliminate the stocks that are most detrimental to the future of the race and the world, it tends to render them to a menacing degree dominant … We are paying for, and even submitting to, the dictates of an ever-increasing, unceasingly spawning class of human beings who never should have been born at all."
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Angus McLaren has done a history of eugenics in Canada called "Our own master race : eugenics in Canada, 1885-1945" which is worth a read.
  • small dead animals: The Greatest Eugenicist 19 November 2009 19:29 UTC www.smalldeadanimals.com [Source type: Original source]

.The attempt to suppress those defective classes whose deficiencies can be proved by rigid methods to be due to hereditary causes, and to prevent unions that will unavoidably lead to the birth of disease-stricken progeny, is the proper field of eugenics.^ The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics was founded in 1927; by 1933 a sterilization law which had been entitled "Eugenics in the service of public welfare" indicated compulsory sterilization "for the prevention of progeny with hereditary defects" in cases of "congenital mental defects, schizophrenia, manic-depressive psychosis, hereditary epilepsy...

^ Since the program's implementation in the 1970s, it has reduced the ratio of children born with the hereditary blood disease from 1 out of every 158 births to almost zero.

^ In this matter, the example of the inferior classes, the fertility of the feeble-minded, the mentally defective, the poverty-stricken classes, should not be held up for emulation….
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

How much can be and should be attempted in this field depends upon the results of careful studies of the law of heredity. .Eugenics is not a panacea that will cure human ills, it is rather a dangerous sword that may turn its edge against those who rely on its strength.^ My dupes sneaked through their cities, killing both old and young, And those who escaped the sword, were taken out and hung.
  • The KKK in the 1920s 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.assumption.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The idea of killing off the poor and needy or those who are uneducated and live in trailer parks because they are a drain on humanity is totally evil.
  • Eugenics Quotes: From lofty ideals to centralized population control and mass death 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Agar warns that those who substitute the term "enhancement" for eugenics should heed philosopher George Santayana's call to learn from history so as not to repeat it.

PD-icon.svg This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.
.The author died in 1942, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 60 years or less.^ The first seven years of a child's life are to be spent at home, not in the creches of the Republic, nor in the public infant schools of Plato's Laws.
  • Ancient Eugenics | Transhuman Conscious Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC euvolution.com [Source type: Original source]

This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

1911 encyclopedia

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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

File:Eugenics congress
Eugenics is the self direction of human evolution, logo of the second International Eugenics Congress, 1921

Eugenics is a social and political philosophy. It tries to influence the way people choose to mate and raise children, with the aim of improving the human species.

Eugenics rests on some basic ideas. The first is that what is true of animals is true of man. The characteristics of animals are passed on from one generation to the next in heredity, including mental characteristics. For example, the behaviour and mental characteristics of different breeds of dog differ, and all modern breeds are greatly changed from wolves.[1] The breeding and genetics of farm animals show that if the parents of the next generation are chosen, then that affects what offspring are born.

Negative eugenics aims to cut out traits that lead to suffering, by limiting people with the traits from reproducing. Positive eugenics aims to produce more healthy and intelligent humans, by persuading people with those traits to have more children.[2]p85 In the past, many ways were proposed for doing this, and even today eugenics means different things to different people. The idea of eugenics is controversial, because in the past it was sometimes used to justify discrimination and injustice against people who were thought to be genetically unhealthy or inferior.

Contents

Francis Galton

Modern eugenics was first invented in the 1860s by Sir Francis Galton, a British scientist who was the cousin of Charles Darwin. Galton believed that intelligence and talent were hereditary and were passed from parent to their children. Based on this, he thought that people could be bred to be smarter, just like animals were bred to be larger or smaller. Galton thought the best way to do this in his day was to learn more about heredity, and also to tell people that they should only marry people who were smart and strong. Galton chose the name "Eugenics" because it was very similar to the Greek for "well born".

Galton developed the idea of eugenics throughout his life. He considered eugenics to be like a modern, scientific religion. He understood the two types of eugenics, positive and negative eugenics. One problem, which critics brought up, is the dificulty of agreeing on who is a healthy person, genetically speaking, and who is an inferior person. Obviously opinions might differ.

Eugenics in Britain and the United States

The rediscovery of the scientific work of Gregor Mendel in 1900 led to modern genetics, and an understanding of how heredity worked. Mendel himself experimented on peas, and found that many characteristics of the pea plants, such as their color or their height, could be turned on and off through heredity like a switch. For example, his peas could be either yellow or green, one or the other.

When applied to humans, people thought this meant that human characteristics, like being smart or not, could be influenced by heredity.

Another line of thought goes like this. During their evolution, humans were subject to natural selection like any other form of life. On average, healthy and intelligent people had a better chance of reproducing. In modern civilisation, however, it often seems that this process does not apply. Alfred Russel Wallace and Charles Darwin had discussed this very point, with concern.[2]p70 In countries where statistics were collected, those statistics showed that in many cases the poor had more children than the rich. Also, statistics showed that the total population of some great nations was declining.[2]p73 One startling piece of information was produced by research directed by Karl Pearson, the Galton Professor of Eugenics at University College London, and the founder of the Department of Applied Statistics. The finding was that half of each succeeding generation was produced by no more than a quarter of the previous generation, and that quarter was "disproportionately located amongst the dregs of society".[2]p74

The evolutionary biologist Julian Huxley was also a supporter of eugenics. He used this argument several times:

"No-one doubts the wisdom of managing the germ-plasm [heredity] of agricultural stocks, so why not apply the same concept to human stocks?"

The American historian of science Garland Allen commented : "The agricultural analogy appears over and over again as it did in the writings of many American eugenicists".[3]

Similarly, the American geneticist Charles Davenport was a lifelong promoter of eugenics, and wrote one of its first textbooks.[4][5][2]Chapter 3 There is no doubt of the support given to eugenics by professional scientists of undoubted repute.

In the United States, eugenics became a very popular idea in the early 20th century. People thought it would cure society of all of its problems at the time, like crime and poverty, because they thought that all aspects of human behavior were probably hereditary. Very important scientists and politicians supported eugenics, and most thought it was a very progressive and scientific philosophy.

But some of those who led the eugenics movement used it to justify racism and prejudice. They used eugenics as an excuse to pass laws which to restrict immigration from countries that they did not like, saying that the people in them were genetically "unfit". They also passed laws which said that people of different races could not get married to one another. Most importantly, they passed laws which said that people who were thought to have mental illness or mental disability could be sterilised against their will. Under these laws over 60,000 people were sterilised in the United States between 1907 and the 1970s.

Today we know that interpreting statistics of this type is a complex business, and that many of the studies published early in the 20th century have serious flaws. Nevertheless, what stopped the eugenics movement was not better science. It was the realization, after World War II, of the effects of Nazi policies on race in Germany and other countries occupied during the war.[6] Such war crimes were not, of course, advocated by any eugenicist. All the same, there was a common theme. This theme was the growing interest in the rights of individuals as against the rights of the state.

Eugenics after WWII

With the end of the Second World War, forced sterilisation ended in Germany. It was continued in the United States until 1974. The main targets were at first those that were ill or that had some physical or mental disabilities. Later on, the focus shifted towards convicted criminals, as well as black people.

Only in 1985 was a law of the Swiss canton of Vaud abolished. This law allowed for the forced sterilisation of a certain group of people. It was replaced by a law on the national level, that tells under which circumstances people who are unable to consent, may be sterilised.

Eugenics today

Though there are few people who openly advocate eugenics today, many people wonder what improvements in genetic technologies will mean in the future.

Genetic counselling exists, where parents can get information about their heredity and even prevent the birth of a child if it has a risk of heredity illness. Some people do not think the issue is so clear, though, and wonder if genetic screening, genetic counselling, and birth control, are all just another type of eugenics. Some people wonder whether eugenics is only bad if it is done coercively, like the Nazis, or if it is bad because it infringes upon human dignity. Some people oppose eugenics and genetic counselling for religious reasons. The idea of eugenics is controversial today for these reasons.

Much of this concern is misplaced. Genetic counselling is not going to change the genetic composition of the human population to any noticeable extent. More relevant is the developing power to identify, and then to change directly, elements of the human genome (genetic engineering). This does have the potential to change the genetic structure of human populations.

References

  1. Dogs are wolves modified by breeding.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Kevles D.J. 1985. In the name of eugenics: genetics and the uses of human heredity. Harvard.
  3. Allen, Garland E. 1992. Julian Huxley and the eugenical view of human evolution. In Waters C.K. & Van Helden A. (eds) Julian Huxley: biologist and statesman of science. Rice, Houston TX. p221
  4. Davenport, Charles B. 1910. Eugenics–the science of human improvement by better breeding. Holt N.Y.
  5. Davenport, Charles B. 1911. Heredity in relation to eugenics. Holt N.Y.
  6. Blacker C.P. 1952. Eugenics: Galton and after. London. p142–144


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Eugenics, which are similar to those in the above article.








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