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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eure
Coat of Arms of Eure
Location
Location of Eure in France
Administration
Department number: 27
Region: Haute-Normandie
Prefecture: Évreux
Subprefectures: Les Andelys
Bernay
Arrondissements: 3
Cantons: 43
Communes: 675
President of the General Council: Jean-Louis Destans
PS
Statistics
Population Ranked 44th
 -1999 541,054
Population density: 90/km2
Land area¹: 6040 km2
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Eure is a department in the north of France named after the river Eure.

Contents

History

Eure is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Normandy.

Geography

Eure is part of the current region of Haute-Normandie and is surrounded by the departments of Seine-Maritime, Oise, Val-d'Oise, Yvelines, Eure-et-Loir, Orne, and Calvados.

The department is a largely wooded plateau intersected by the valleys of the Seine River and its tributaries.

The altitude varies from sea level to 248 metres in the south.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Jean-Louis Destans of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 12
Union for a Popular Movement 11
Miscellaneous Left 7
French Communist Party 4
Miscellaneous Right 4
New Centre 3
Left Radical Party 2

Tourism

The main tourist attraction is Giverny (4 km from Vernon) where Claude Monet's house and garden can be seen, as well as other places of interest (see Websites, below).

The Abbey of Bec and the Château-Gaillard near Les Andelys are other important tourist attractions.

See also

External links

Coordinates: 49°05′N 01°0′E / 49.083°N 1°E / 49.083; 1

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Eure is a department of Haute-Normandie.

  • Evreux - The prefecture (capital)
  • Giverny - site of the house of the Impressionist painter Claude Monet.
  • Les Andelys - an historic medieval town, the site of a remarkable castle and churches.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

EURE, a department of north-western France, formed in 1790 from a portion of the old province of Normandy, together with the countship of Evreux and part of Perche. Pop. (1906) 330,140. Area, 2330 sq. m. It is bounded N. by the department of Seine Inferieure, W. by Calvados, S.W. by Orne, S. by Eure-et Loir, and E. by Seine-et-Oise and Oise. The territory of Eure, which nowhere exceeds Boo ft. in altitude, is broken up by its rivers into well-wooded plateaus with a general inclination from south to north. Forests cover about one-fifth of the department. The Seine flows from S.E. to N.W. through the E. of the department, and after touching the frontier at two or three points forms near its mouth part of the northern boundary. All the rivers of the department flow into the Seine, - on the right bank the Andelle and the Epte, and on the left the Eure with its tributaries the Avre and the Iton, and the Risle with its tributary the Charentonne. The Eure, from which the department takes its name, rises in Orne, and flowing through Eure-etLoir, falls into the Seine above Pont de l'Arche, after a course of 44 m. in the department. The Risle likewise rises in Orne, and flows generally northward to its mouth in the estuary of the Seine. The climate is mild, but moist and variable. The soil is for the most part clayey, resting on a bed of chalk, and is, in general, fertile and well tilled. The chief cereal cultivated is wheat; oats, colza, flax and beetroot are also grown. There is a wide extent of pasturage, on which are reared a considerable number of cattle and sheep, and especially those horses of pure Norman breed for which the department has long been celebrated. Fruit is very abundant, especially apples and pears, from which much cider and perry are made. The mineral products of Eure include freestone, marl, lime and brick-clay. The chief industries are the spinning of cotton and wool, and the weaving, dyeing and printing of fabrics of different kinds. Brewing, flour-milling, distilling, turnery, cotton-bleaching, cidermaking, metal-founding, tanning, and the manufacture of glass, paper, iron ware, nails, pins, wind-instruments, bricks and sugar are also carried on. Coal and raw materials for its industries are the chief imports of Eure; its exports include cattle, poultry, eggs, butter, grain and manufactured goods. The department is served chiefly by the Western railway; the Seine, Eure and Risle provide 87 m. of navigable waterway. Eure is divided into the following arrondissements (containing 36 cantons, 700 communes): - Evreux, Louviers, Les Andelys, Bernay, and PontAudemer. Its capital is Evreux, which is the seat of a bishopric of the ecclesiastical province of Rouen. The department belongs to the III. Army Corps and to the academie (educational division) of Caen. Its court of appeal is at Rouen.

Evreux, Les Andelys, Bernay, Louviers, Pont-Audemer, Verneuil, Vernon and Gisors are the principal towns of the department. At Gaillon there are remains of a celebrated château of the archbishops of Rouen (see LouvIEBs). Pont de l'Arche has a fine Gothic church, with stained-glass windows of the 16th and 17th centuries; the church of Tillieres-sur-Arvre is a graceful specimen of the Renaissance style. The churches of Conches (15th or 16th century) and of Rugles (13th, 15th and 16th centuries), and the château of Beaumesnil (16th century) are also of architectural interest.


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