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Sign at entrance to town.

Eureka is an unincorporated community in and the county seat of Eureka County, Nevada, United States.[1] Eureka is by far the largest community in Eureka County. Attractions include the Eureka Opera House (built in 1880 and restored in 1993), Raine's Market and Wildlife Museum (built 1887), the Jackson House Hotel (built 1877), and the Eureka Sentinel Museum (housed in the 1879 Eureka Sentinel Newspaper Building).

Eureka is part of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

Location of Eureka, Nevada

Eureka is located at 39°30′42″N 115°57′42″W / 39.51159°N 115.961723°W / 39.51159; -115.961723Coordinates: 39°30′42″N 115°57′42″W / 39.51159°N 115.961723°W / 39.51159; -115.961723,[2] in the southern part of Eureka County, at 6,481 feet (1,900 m) in the Diamond Mountain Range, in a draw on the southern end of Diamond Valley, between Antelope and Newark valleys. The total population of Eureka and the surrounding area

(census tract 1 — Eureka CCD) is 1,103. [1] [2]

The town is located along U.S. Highway 50, nicknamed "The Loneliest Road in America": aptly named, as the nearest towns along the highway are Austin (71 miles (114 km) west) and Ely (77 miles east). The nearest town is Duckwater, Nevada, 59 miles (94 km) south.

The climate is typical of the Great Basin: hot and dry in the summer with occasional monsoonal thunderstorms from late July through August; cold and relatively dry. Snow accumulations vary from virtually none in mild winters to in excess of 3 feet (0.91 m) in more severe years. Temperatures routinely drop to −20 °F (−28.9 °C) or lower in the winter.

History

Miners in Eureka working beside an ore chute in 1871.

The town was first settled in 1864 by a group of silver prospectors from nearby Austin, who discovered rock containing a silver-lead ore on nearby Prospect Peak. The town became the county seat in 1873, when Eureka County was carved out of adjacent Lander, Elko, and White Pine.

Mining, especially for lead, was the town's economic mainstay, as the nearby hillsides ranked as Nevada's second-richest mineral producer, behind western Nevada's Comstock Lode. Two of the largest concerns in Eureka were the Richmond Mining Company and the Eureka Mining Company. These two companies often collided, and in one instance, their litigation reached the U.S Supreme Court. [3] The population boomed, reaching a high of 10,000 by 1878, but shrank as decreasing mine production and changing market conditions led to the closing of mines.

The External Link below to the Eureka Self-Guided Tour contains many modern and historical photographs of existing buildings, and historical tales of the area.

Public Services

Eureka is served by an all Volunteer Fire Department, which provides fire protection, rescue, and vehicle rescue services for Eureka township and the surrounding areas. In 2009 a new brick and steel fire house was built on Main Street in Eureka, at the time of it's building it was the second largest fire house in the State of Nevada.

Eureka boasts 3 fine parks, a modern enclosed swimming facility, 2 baseball fields, a new (in 2009) track, and football field.

The 1880's Eureka Opera House was re-modeled in recent times and regularly schedules excellent performers.

The 1876 Eureka Court House is both historic, and modern. It stands as the functioning governmental and legal center of Eureka County.

Celebrations

July 4, Independence Day, is a huge celebration in Eureka. Every year the Eureka Volunteer Fire Department puts on a large parade followed by street events, which close off the heart of Eureka to all but foot traffic from 9am to 2pm. At 9pm the Eureka Volunteer Fire Department puts on a large fireworks display.

Sports

The Eureka County High School houses students in grades 7 - 12, and underwent an $8,000,000 renovation in 2006. The Eureka Elementary School houses students in grades Pre-school - 6th and is a modern facility built in 1996 at a cost of $17,500,000. The high school mascot is the Vandals, and school colors are green and gold. The school offers academic olympics, basketball, wrestling, football, softball, volleyball, baseball, and track.

Transportation

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

The historic Jackson House Hotel, Eureka, NV, built 1877
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