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UEFA Euro 96
England '96

UEFA Euro 1996 official logo
Tournament details
Host country  England
Dates 8 June – 30 June
Teams 16
Venue(s) (in 8 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Germany (3rd title)
Runner-up  Czech Republic
Tournament statistics
Matches played 31
Goals scored 64 (2.06 per match)
Attendance 1,276,137 (41,166 per match)
Top scorer(s) England Alan Shearer (5 goals)
Best player Germany Matthias Sammer[1]
1992
2000

The 1996 UEFA European Football Championship (Euro 96) was hosted by England. It was the tenth European Football Championship, which is held every four years and endorsed by UEFA, and the first to use the "Euro" name. The tournament's final stages took place between 8 June and 30 June 1996. The slogan of the tournament was "Football Comes Home", as it was the first time the tournament had taken place in England, where the rules of the game were first standardised. English football and popular culture has since referenced the competition fondly even though the home team did not reach the final.

Since the Taylor Report, England now boasted enough all-seater stadia of sufficient capacity to hold an expanded tournament. Although not all the games were sold out, the tournament had the highest aggregate attendance in championship history (1,276,000) and the highest average per game of 41,158 for the revised 16 team format with 31 games. Only Germany had had a higher average attendance in championship history with an average of 56,656 in 1988 but only staged 15 games in an 8 team championship.

Contents

Qualification

UEFA Euro 1996 finalists.

Fifteen teams had to go through a qualifying round to reach the final stage. England qualified automatically as hosts of the event. This was the first European Championship to introduce the current format of 16 countries competing in the final tournament. UEFA had made the decision to expand the tournament as in the late 1980s and early 1990s it was far easier for European nations to qualify for the World Cup than their own continental championship; 14 of the 24 teams at the 1982, 1986 and 1990 World Cups had been European, whereas the European Championship finals still involved only eight teams.

The qualifying round was played throughout 1994 and 1995. There were eight qualifying groups of six teams each, with the exception of group 3, which only had five. The matches were played in a home-and-away basis.

The winner and the runner-up of each group qualified automatically, with the exception of the two worst runners-up. These two teams had to play an additional playoff between them (single match in neutral ground), to determine the 16th team to join all others in the final tournament. This was between Republic of Ireland and the Netherlands at Anfield Stadium, Liverpool which the Dutch won 2-0.

The following teams participated in the final tournament:

* Since the break-up of Czechoslovakia. ** Since the break-up of the USSR.

Venues

London Manchester Liverpool Birmingham
Wembley Stadium
Capacity: 76,567
Old Trafford
Capacity: 55,000
Anfield
Capacity: 42,730
Villa Park
Capacity: 39,399
Wem.jpg Old Trafford inside 20060726 1.jpg 76693565 b44605f726 2.jpg Villaparkfromtopofholte.jpg
Leeds Sheffield Newcastle Nottingham
Elland Road
Capacity: 40,204
Hillsborough Stadium
Capacity: 39,814
St James' Park
Capacity: 36,610
City Ground
Capacity: 30,576
Elland Road 4.jpg Hillsborough South Stand.JPG East Stand.JPG The City Ground, Nottingham.jpg

Match officials

Austria Austria
Belgium Belgium
Belarus Belarus
Bulgaria Bulgaria
  • Atanas Uzunov
Czech Republic Czech Republic
Denmark Denmark
England England
France France
Germany Germany
Hungary Hungary
Italy Italy
Netherlands Netherlands
Russia Russia
Scotland Scotland
Spain Spain
Sweden Sweden
Switzerland Switzerland
Turkey Turkey

Squads

For a list of all squads that played in the final tournament, see 1996 UEFA European Football Championship squads.

Summary

First round

Scotland's group game against Netherlands at Villa Park

The hosts, England, got off to a slightly disappointing start in their opening match, drawing 1-1 with the Swiss when Alan Shearer’s 23rd minute goal was equalled by a late penalty kick. However, England defeated rival Scotland 2-0 in their next game and then produced one of their finest performances ever with a 4-1 win over the Netherlands. Patrick Kluivert’s late goal for the Netherlands secured his team second-place in the group and ensured that Scotland would exit another major competition on goal difference.

Groups C and D saw some surprising results as the Czech Republic and Croatia, whose national teams had only come into existence within the past several years, qualified for the knockout stages. The Czechs lost to Germany, the eventual group winners, in their opener but then defeated Italy and drew with Russia. Italy’s defeat meant they had to beat Germany in their final game to progress but the World Cup finalists could only manage a 0-0 draw and were eliminated. In Group D, Croatia qualified for the quarter-finals with wins over Turkey (1-0) and Denmark (3-0). The loss to the Croats ultimately sent the Danes, the surprise champions of 1992, home earlier than expected.

The other three quarter-finalist were Portugal (whose Golden Generation was competing at its first major tournament), Spain, and a France team featuring a young Zinedine Zidane.

Quarter-finals and the Semi-finals

The knockout stages were characterised by negative, defensive play and as result only 9 goals were scored in the seven games and four of the matches were decided on penalties. The first quarter-final between the hosts and Spain ended goalless, although England had several major calls go their way as the Spanish had two goals disallowed and two valid claims for a penalty denied [2]. The English progressed 4-2 on spot kicks. The shootout is still remembered for the emphatic reaction of Stuart Pearce after he scored England’s third penalty, erasing the memory of his miss in the 1990 World Cup semi-final. France and the Netherlands also played out a drab 0-0 draw with France winning the penalty shootout 5-4. Jürgen Klinsmann opened the scoring for Germany in their match against Croatia. A great goal from Davor Šuker evened the score after 51 minutes before Matthias Sammer of Germany scored eight minutes later and the game ended 2-1 to Germany. The Czech Republic progressed after beating Portugal 1-0.

The first semi-final, featuring France and the Czech Republic, resulted in yet another 0-0 draw and penalties were required again. Reynald Pedros was the lone player to miss in the shootout as the Czech Republic won 6-5. The other semi-final was a repeat of the 1990 World Cup semi-final between Germany and England. Alan Shearer headed in after 3 minutes to give his side the lead but Stefan Kuntz evened the score less than 15 minutes later and the score remained 1-1 after 90 minutes. In extra-time, Paul Gascoigne came very close to scoring a Golden Goal but missed a cross from Shearer by mere inches, Darren Anderton hit the crossbar and Kuntz had a goal disallowed for pushing. Neither team was able to find a second goal and another knockout game in this competition required penalties. Both sides scored their first five kicks but in the sixth round, Gareth Southgate had his penalty saved, allowing Andreas Möller to score the winning goal.

Final

The final saw the upstart Czech Republic hoping to repeat the dramatics of Euro 76 when Czechoslovakia defeated West Germany; the Germans were aiming to secure their third European Championship. A repeat of 1976 looked possible when Patrick Berger scored from a penalty in 59th minute to put the Czech ahead. However, German substitute Oliver Bierhoff scored to make it 1-1, sending the game to extra-time. Five minutes into the extra frame, Bierhoff’s shot was mishandled by Czech goalkeeper Kouba and the ball ended up in the back of the net for the first Golden Goal in the history of the competition. Germany were European champions once again.

Results

First round

Note: All times local (BST/UTC+1).

Group A

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 England 3 2 1 0 7 2 +5 7
 Netherlands 3 1 1 1 3 4 -1 4
 Scotland 3 1 1 1 1 2 -1 4
 Switzerland 3 0 1 2 1 4 -3 1
8 June 1996
15:00
England  1 – 1  Switzerland Wembley Stadium, London
Attendance: 76,567
Referee: Manuel Díaz Vega (Spain)
Shearer Goal 23' (Report) Türkyilmaz Goal 84' (pen.)

10 June 1996
16:30
Netherlands  0 – 0  Scotland Villa Park, Birmingham
Attendance: 34,363
Referee: Leif Sundell (Sweden)
(Report)

13 June 1996
19:30
Switzerland  0 – 2  Netherlands Villa Park, Birmingham
Attendance: 36,800
Referee: Atanas Uzunov (Bulgaria)
(Report) Cruyff Goal 66'
Bergkamp Goal 79'

15 June 1996
15:00
Scotland  0 – 2  England Wembley Stadium, London
Attendance: 76,864
Referee: Pierluigi Pairetto (Italy)
(Report) Shearer Goal 53'
Gascoigne Goal 79'

18 June 1996
19:30
Scotland  1 – 0  Switzerland Villa Park, Birmingham
Attendance: 34,946
Referee: Václav Krondl (Czech Republic)
McCoist Goal 36' (Report)

18 June 1996
19:30
Netherlands  1 – 4  England Wembley Stadium, London
Attendance: 76,798
Referee: Gerd Grabher (Austria)
Kluivert Goal 78' (Report) Shearer Goal 23' (pen.) Goal 57'
Sheringham Goal 51' Goal 62'

Group B

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 France 3 2 1 0 5 2 +3 7
 Spain 3 1 2 0 4 3 +1 5
 Bulgaria 3 1 1 1 3 4 -1 4
 Romania 3 0 0 3 1 4 -3 0
9 June 1996
14:30
Spain  1 – 1  Bulgaria Elland Road, Leeds
Attendance: 24,006
Referee: Piero Ceccarini (Italy)
Alfonso Goal 74' (Report) Stoichkov Goal 65' (pen.)

10 June 1996
19:30
Romania  0 – 1  France St James' Park, Newcastle
Attendance: 26,323
Referee: Hellmut Krug (Germany)
(Report) Dugarry Goal 25'

13 June 1996
16:30
Bulgaria  1 – 0  Romania St James' Park, Newcastle
Attendance: 19,107
Referee: Peter Mikkelsen (Denmark)
Stoichkov Goal 3' (Report)

15 June 1996
18:00
France  1 – 1  Spain Elland Road, Leeds
Attendance: 35,626
Referee: Vadim Zhuk (Belarus)
Djorkaeff Goal 49' (Report) Caminero Goal 86'

18 June 1996
16:30
France  3 – 1  Bulgaria St James' Park, Newcastle
Attendance: 26,976
Referee: Dermot Gallagher (England)
Blanc Goal 21'
Penev Goal 63' (o.g.)
Loko Goal 90'
(Report) Stoichkov Goal 69'

18 June 1996
16:30
Romania  1 – 2  Spain Elland Road, Leeds
Attendance: 32,719
Referee: Ahmet Çakar (Turkey)
Răducioiu Goal 29' (Report) Manjarín Goal 11'
Amor Goal 84'

Group C

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Germany 3 2 1 0 5 0 +5 7
 Czech Republic 3 1 1 1 5 6 -1 4
 Italy 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
 Russia 3 0 1 2 4 8 -4 1
9 June 1996
17:00
Germany  2 – 0  Czech Republic Old Trafford, Manchester
Attendance: 37,300
Referee: David Elleray (England)
Ziege Goal 26'
Möller Goal 32'
(Report)

11 June 1996
16:30
Italy  2 – 1  Russia Anfield, Liverpool
Attendance: 35,120
Referee: Leslie Mottram (Scotland)
Casiraghi Goal 5' Goal 52' (Report) Tsymbalar Goal 21'

14 June 1996
19:30
Czech Republic  2 – 1  Italy Anfield, Liverpool
Attendance: 37,320
Referee: Antonio López Nieto (Spain)
Nedvěd Goal 4'
Bejbl Goal 35'
(Report) Chiesa Goal 18'

16 June 1996
15:00
Russia  0 – 3  Germany Old Trafford, Manchester
Attendance: 50,760
Referee: Kim Milton Nielsen (Denmark)
(Report) Sammer Goal 56'
Klinsmann Goal 77' Goal 90'

19 June 1996
19:30
Russia  3 – 3  Czech Republic Anfield, Liverpool
Attendance: 21,128
Referee: Anders Frisk (Sweden)
Mostovoi Goal 49'
Tetradze Goal 54'
Beschastnykh Goal 85'
(Report) Suchopárek Goal 5'
Kuka Goal 19'
Šmicer Goal 88'

19 June 1996
19:30
Italy  0 – 0  Germany Old Trafford, Manchester
Attendance: 53,740
Referee: Guy Goethals (Belgium)
(Report)

Group D

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Portugal 3 2 1 0 5 1 +4 7
 Croatia 3 2 0 1 4 3 +1 6
 Denmark 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 4
 Turkey 3 0 0 3 0 5 -5 0
9 June 1996
19:30
Denmark  1 – 1  Portugal Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield
Attendance: 34,993
Referee: Mario van der Ende (Netherlands)
B. Laudrup Goal 22' (Report) Sá Pinto Goal 53'

11 June 1996
19:30
Turkey  0 – 1  Croatia City Ground, Nottingham
Attendance: 22,406
Referee: Serge Muhmenthaler (Switzerland)
(Report) Vlaović Goal 86'

14 June 1996
16:30
Portugal  1 – 0  Turkey City Ground, Nottingham
Attendance: 22,670
Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)
Couto Goal 66' (Report)

16 June 1996
18:00
Croatia  3 – 0  Denmark Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield
Attendance: 33,671
Referee: Marc Batta (France)
Šuker Goal 53' (pen.) Goal 90'
Boban Goal 81'
(Report)

19 June 1996
16:30
Croatia  0 – 3  Portugal City Ground, Nottingham
Attendance: 20,484
Referee: Bernd Heynemann (Germany)
(Report) Figo Goal 4'
Pinto Goal 33'
Domingos Goal 82'

19 June 1996
16:30
Turkey  0 – 3  Denmark Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield
Attendance: 28,951
Referee: Nikolai Levnikov (Russia)
(Report) B. Laudrup Goal 50' Goal 84'
Nielsen Goal 69'

Knockout stages

Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                   
23 June – Manchester        
  Germany  2
26 June – London
  Croatia  1  
  Germany (pen.)  1 (6)
22 June – London
    England  1 (5)  
  Spain  0 (2)
30 June – London
  England (pen.)  0 (4)  
  Germany (a.e.t.)  2
23 June – Birmingham
    Czech Republic  1
  Czech Republic  1
26 June – Manchester
  Portugal  0  
  Czech Republic (pen.)  0 (6)
22 June – Liverpool
    France  0 (5)  
  France (pen.)  0 (5)
  Netherlands  0 (4)  

Quarter-finals

22 June 1996
15:00
Spain  0 – 0 (a.e.t.)  England Wembley Stadium, London
Attendance: 75,440
Referee: Marc Batta (France)
(Report)
    Penalties  
Hierro Missed (hit crossbar)
Amor Scored
Belsúe Scored
Nadal Missed (saved)
2 – 4 Scored Shearer
Scored Platt
Scored Pearce
Scored Gascoigne
 

22 June 1996
18:30
France  0 – 0 (a.e.t.)  Netherlands Anfield, Liverpool
Attendance: 37,465
Referee: Antonio López Nieto (Spain)
(Report)
    Penalties  
Zidane Scored
Djorkaeff Scored
Lizarazu Scored
Guérin Scored
Blanc Scored
5 – 4 Scored de Kock
Scored R. de Boer
Scored Kluivert
Missed (saved) Seedorf
Scored Blind
 

23 June 1996
15:00
Germany  2 – 1  Croatia Old Trafford, Manchester
Attendance: 43,412
Referee: Leif Sundell (Sweden)
Klinsmann Goal 20' (pen.)
Sammer Goal 59'
(Report) Šuker Goal 51'

23 June 1996
18:30
Czech Republic  1 – 0  Portugal Villa Park, Birmingham
Attendance: 26,832
Referee: Hellmut Krug (Germany)
Poborský Goal 53' (Report)

Semi-finals

26 June 1996
16:00
France  0 – 0 (a.e.t.)  Czech Republic Old Trafford, Manchester
Attendance: 43,877
Referee: Leslie Mottram (Scotland)
(Report)
    Penalties  
Zidane Scored
Djorkaeff Scored
Lizarazu Scored
Guérin Scored
Blanc Scored
Pedros Missed (saved)
5 – 6 Scored Kubík
Scored Nedvěd
Scored Berger
Scored Poborský
Scored Rada
Scored Kadlec
 

26 June 1996
19:30
Germany  1 – 1 (a.e.t.)  England Wembley Stadium, London
Attendance: 75,862
Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)
Kuntz Goal 16' (Report) Shearer Goal 3'
    Penalties  
Häßler Scored
Strunz Scored
Reuter Scored
Ziege Scored
Kuntz Scored
Möller Scored
6 – 5 Scored Shearer
Scored Platt
Scored Pearce
Scored Gascoigne
Scored Sheringham
Missed (saved) Southgate
 

Final

30 June 1996
19:00
Germany  2 – 1 (a.e.t.)  Czech Republic Wembley Stadium, London
Attendance: 73,611
Referee: Pierluigi Pairetto (Italy)
Bierhoff Goal 73' Golden goal scored in the 95th minute 95' (Report) Berger Goal 59' (pen.)
 Euro 1996 Champions 

Germany
Third title

Statistics

Goalscorers

5 goals

3 goals

2 goals

UEFA Team of the Tournament

Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards

England David Seaman
Germany Andreas Köpke

Czech Republic Radoslav Látal
France Laurent Blanc
France Marcel Desailly
Germany Matthias Sammer
Italy Paolo Maldini

France Didier Deschamps
England Steve McManaman
England Paul Gascoigne
Portugal Rui Costa
Czech Republic Karel Poborský
Germany Dieter Eilts

England Alan Shearer
Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov
Croatia Davor Šuker
France Youri Djorkaeff
Czech Republic Pavel Kuka

UEFA Tournament Golden Boot Award

UEFA Player of the Tournament

Fastest goal

3 minutes : Alan Shearer (England vs Germany); Hristo Stoichkov (Bulgaria vs Romania)

Average goals

2.06 goals per game

Cultural Significance

The tournament took place towards the end of a cultural and artistic movement in the United Kingdom known as Cool Britannia and the musical movement known as Britpop, both of which were highly patriotic and focused almost entirely on British and English references and influences. One commentator said that Britpop ended when Gareth Southgate missed his penalty in the semi-final of Euro '96.

References

  1. ^ a b c "UEFA EURO 2008 Information" (PDF). UEFA. p. 88. http://www.uefa.com/newsfiles/491990.pdf. Retrieved 30 June 2008.  
  2. ^ Euro '96, ESPNSoccernet, 1 May 2008 Retrieved on 15 October 2008







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