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Intercontinental Cup
European/South American
Copa Intercontinental (MAG).JPG
Founded 1960
Region Europe (UEFA)
South America (CONMEBOL)
Number of teams 2
Most successful club Argentina Boca Juniors
Uruguay Peñarol
Uruguay Nacional
Italy Milan
Spain Real Madrid
(Three cups each)
Rubén Suñé of Boca Juniors holds the trophy after their success in 1977.

The European/South American Cup, commonly referred to as the Intercontinental Cup or Toyota Cup, was a football competition endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL, contested between the winners of the European Cup and the South American Copa Libertadores. From its formation in 1960 to 1979, the competition was contested over a two legged tie; from 1980 until 2004 the competition was contested over a single match held in Japan. The last winner of the cup was Portuguese side Porto, defeating Colombian side Once Caldas in a penalty shootout in 2004.

From 2005 the Intercontinental Cup was replaced by the FIFA Club World Cup, which also includes North American, Asian, African and Oceanian winners.

Contents

History

The first team to claim a World Championship were Hibernian F.C., who as Scottish Cup winners challenged FA Cup winners Preston North End on 13 August 1887. The next season's winners, Renton F.C. challenged FA Cup holders West Bromwich Albion the following year, although the match was played without authorization from their respective associations. With the subsequent creation of the English and Scottish Football Leagues, the concept of a club as World Champion took on less importance as the clubs focused on winning their national leagues and the game spread further abroad. The World Club Championship forerunner to today's cup was created by Henri Delaunay as a way of determining the top club in the world (Europe and South America being the football world's top continents).

Europe already had its European Champions Club Cup, but South America did not have a similar competition. Thus, South American Confederación (CONMEBOL's predecessor) created a similar competition, and named it after the heroes of South American independence. The Copa Libertadores made the World Club Championship viable.

The first match-up was in 1960, between Spanish side Real Madrid and the Uruguayan club Peñarol.

Ever since the 1950s (and especially since the 1970s) many talented South Americans have crossed the Atlantic to play for European teams, who also tend to be richer. Perhaps as a consequence, South American fans always attached more importance to the Intercontinental Cup than their European counterparts.

Out of concern for the integrity of players, and also because of the lack of financial incentive, several European champions declined to participate; in all cases, their runners-up took their place. The 1975 and 1978 tournaments were not played at all.

The viability of the competition came under fire until Toyota assumed the role of sponsor for the 1980 tournament; for the remainder of the competition's history, no club declined playing in the Intercontinental Cup, and the competition always took the form of a single match held on neutral ground, in Toyota's home country Japan.

This cup was played for the last time in 2004, being replaced by the FIFA Club World Cup from 2005. However, as of December 2005 there are talks of restoring it soon but this time featuring the winners of the Recopa Sudamericana against the European Supercup champions.

Cup format

From 1960 to 1979, the Intercontinental Cup was played in two legs. Between 1960 and 1968, the cup was decided on points only, the same format used by CONMEBOL to determine the winner of the Copa Libertadores final through 1987. Because of this format, a third match was needed when both teams were equal on points. Commonly this match was host by the continent where the last game of the series was played. From 1969 through 1979, the competition adopted the European standard method of aggregate score, with away goals.

Starting in 1980, the final became a single match. Up until 2000, the matches were held at Tokyo's National Stadium. Finals since 2002 were held at the Yokohama International Stadium, also the venue of the 2002 FIFA World Cup final.

Intercontinental Cup finals

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Single match finals

Year Winner Score Runner-up Venue
2004
Details
Porto
Flag of Portugal.svg
(POR)
0–0
aet
Once Caldas
Flag of Colombia.svg
(COL)
International Stadium,
Yokohama
8–7 in penalty shootout
2003
Details
Boca Juniors
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
1–1
aet
Milan
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
International Stadium,
Yokohama
3–1 in penalty shootout
2002
Details
Real Madrid
Flag of Spain.svg
(ESP)
2–0 Olimpia Asunción
Flag of Paraguay.svg
(PAR)
International Stadium,
Yokohama
2001
Details
Bayern Munich
Flag of Germany.svg
(GER)
1–0

aet

Boca Juniors
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
2000
Details
Boca Juniors
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
2–1 Real Madrid
Flag of Spain.svg
(ESP)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1999
Details
Manchester United
Flag of England.svg
(ENG)
1–0 Palmeiras
Flag of Brazil.svg
(BRA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1998
Details
Real Madrid
Flag of Spain.svg
(ESP)
2–1 Vasco da Gama
Flag of Brazil.svg
(BRA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1997
Details
Borussia Dortmund
Flag of Germany.svg
(GER)
2–0 Cruzeiro
Flag of Brazil.svg
(BRA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1996
Details
Juventus
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
1–0 River Plate
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1995
Details
Ajax
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
(NED)
0–0
aet
Grêmio
Flag of Brazil.svg
(BRA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
4–3 in penalty shootout
1994
Details
Vélez Sarsfield
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
2–0 Milan
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1993
Details
São Paulo
Flag of Brazil.svg
(BRA)
3–2 Milan
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
European champions Marseille (FRA) were suspended
due to a match fixing and bribery scandal
1992
Details
São Paulo
Flag of Brazil.svg
(BRA)
2–1 Barcelona
Flag of Spain.svg
(ESP)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1991
Details
Red Star Belgrade
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg
(YUG)
3–0 Colo-Colo
Flag of Chile.svg
(CHI)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1990
Details
Milan
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
3–0 Olimpia Asunción
Flag of Paraguay.svg
(PAR)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1989
Details
Milan
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
1–0
aet
Atlético Nacional
Flag of Colombia.svg
(COL)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1988
Details
Nacional
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
2–2
aet
PSV Eindhoven
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
(NED)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
7–6 in penalty shootout
1987
Details
Porto
Flag of Portugal.svg
(POR)
2–1
aet
Peñarol
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1986
Details
River Plate
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
1–0 Steaua Bucureşti
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg
(ROM)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1985
Details
Juventus
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
2–2
aet
Argentinos Juniors
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
4–2 in penalty shootout
1984
Details
Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
1–0 Liverpool
Flag of England.svg
(ENG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1983
Details
Grêmio
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
(BRA)
2–1
aet
Hamburger SV
Flag of Germany.svg
(FRG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1982
Details
Peñarol
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
2–0 Aston Villa
Flag of England.svg
(ENG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1981
Details
Flamengo
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
(BRA)
3–0 Liverpool
Flag of England.svg
(ENG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo
1980
Details
Nacional
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
1–0 Nottingham Forest
Flag of England.svg
(ENG)
National Stadium,
Tokyo

Two-legged finals

Year Home team Score Away team Venue
1979
Details
Malmö FF
Flag of Sweden.svg
(SWE)
0 - 1 Olimpia Asunción
Flag of Paraguay.svg
(PAR)
Malmö Stadion,
Malmö
Olimpia Asunción
Flag of Paraguay.svg
(PAR)
2 - 1 Malmö FF
Flag of Sweden.svg
(SWE)
Defensores del Chaco,
Asunción
Olimpia Asunción won 3-1 on aggregate
Note: European champions Nottingham Forest (ENG) declined to play
1978 NOT HELD
Liverpool Boca Juniors
Flag of England.svg vs Flag of Argentina.svg
(ENG) (ARG)
Liverpool declined to play due to scheduling conflicts
1977 Boca Juniors
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
2 - 2 Borussia M'gladbach
Flag of Germany.svg
(FRG)
La Bombonera,
Buenos Aires
Borussia M'gladbach
Flag of Germany.svg
(FRG)
0 - 3 Boca Juniors
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
Wildparkstadion,
Karlsruhe
Boca Juniors won 5-2 on aggregate
Note: European champions Liverpool (ENG) declined to play
1976 Bayern Munich
Flag of Germany.svg
(FRG)
2 - 0 Cruzeiro
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
(BRA)
Olympiastadion,
Munich
Cruzeiro
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
(BRA)
0 - 0 Bayern Munich
Flag of Germany.svg
(FRG)
Mineirão,
Belo Horizonte
Bayern Munich won 2-0 on aggregate
1975 NOT HELD
Bayern Munich Independiente
Flag of Germany.svg vs Flag of Argentina.svg
(FRG) (ARG)
Both teams could not agree on dates to play
1974
Details
Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
1 - 0 Atlético Madrid
Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg
(ESP)
Estadio Almirante Cordero,
Avellaneda
Atlético Madrid
Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg
(ESP)
2 - 0 Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
Vicente Calderón,
Madrid
Atlético Madrid won 2-1 on aggregate
Note: European champions Bayern Munich (FRG) declined to play
1973
Details
Juventus
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
0 - 1 Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
Stadio Olimpico,
Rome
Single match played
Note: European champions Ajax (NED) declined to play
1972 Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
1 - 1 Ajax
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
(NED)
Estadio Almirante Cordero,
Avellaneda
Ajax
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
(NED)
3 - 0 Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
Olympic Stadium,
Amsterdam
Ajax won 4-1 on aggregate
1971
Details
Panathinaikos
Flag of Greece (1970-1975).svg
(GRE)
1 - 1 Nacional
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
Karaiskaki,
Athens
Nacional
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
2 - 1 Panathinaikos
Flag of Greece (1970-1975).svg
(GRE)
Estadio Centenario,
Montevideo
Nacional won 3-2 on aggregate
Note: European champions Ajax (NED) declined to play
1970 Estudiantes La Plata
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
2 - 2 Feyenoord
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
(NED)
La Bombonera,
Buenos Aires
Feyenoord
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
(NED)
1 - 0 Estudiantes La Plata
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
De Kuip,
Rotterdam
Feyenoord won 3-2 on aggregate
1969 Milan
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
3 - 0 Estudiantes La Plata
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
San Siro,
Milan
Estudiantes La Plata
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
2 - 1 Milan
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
La Bombonera,
Buenos Aires
Milan won 4-2 on aggregate
1968
Details
Estudiantes La Plata
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
1 - 0 Manchester United
Flag of England.svg
(ENG)
La Bombonera,
Buenos Aires
Manchester United
Flag of England.svg
(ENG)
1 - 1 Estudiantes La Plata
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
Old Trafford,
Manchester
Estudiantes La Plata won with 3 points
1967 Celtic
Flag of Scotland.svg
(SCO)
1 - 0 Racing Club
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
Hampden Park,
Glasgow
Racing Club
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
2 - 1 Celtic
Flag of Scotland.svg
(SCO)
El Cilindro,
Avellaneda
Racing Club
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
1 - 0 Celtic
Flag of Scotland.svg
(SCO)
Estadio Centenario,
Montevideo
Both teams tied with 2 points each
Racing Club won the decisive playoff match
1966
Details
Peñarol
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
2 - 0 Real Madrid
Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg
(ESP)
Estadio Centenario,
Montevideo
Real Madrid
Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg
(ESP)
0 - 2 Peñarol
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
Santiago Bernabéu,
Madrid
Peñarol won with 4 points
1965 Internazionale
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
3 - 0 Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
Giuseppe Meazza,
Milan
Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
0 - 0 Internazionale
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
Estadio Almirante Cordero,
Avellaneda
Internazionale won with 3 points
1964 Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
1 - 0 Internazionale
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
Estadio Almirante Cordero,
Avellaneda
Internazionale
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
2 - 0 Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
Giuseppe Meazza,
Milan
Internazionale
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
1 - 0
aet
Independiente
Flag of Argentina.svg
(ARG)
Santiago Bernabéu,
Madrid
Both teams tied with 2 points each
Internazionale won the decisive playoff match
1963 Milan
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
4 - 2 Santos
Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
(BRA)
San Siro,
Milan
Santos
Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
(BRA)
4 - 2 Milan
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
Maracanã,
Rio de Janeiro
Santos
Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
(BRA)
1 - 0 Milan
Flag of Italy.svg
(ITA)
Maracanã,
Rio de Janeiro
Both teams tied with 2 points each
Santos won the decisive playoff match
1962
Details
Santos
Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
(BRA)
3 - 2 Benfica
Flag of Portugal.svg
(POR)
Maracanã,
Rio de Janeiro
Benfica
Flag of Portugal.svg
(POR)
2 - 5 Santos
Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
(BRA)
Estádio da Luz,
Lisbon
Santos won with 4 points
1961
Details
Benfica
Flag of Portugal.svg
(POR)
1 - 0 Peñarol
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
Estádio da Luz,
Lisbon
Peñarol
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
5 - 0 Benfica
Flag of Portugal.svg
(POR)
Estadio Centenario,
Montevideo
Peñarol
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
2 - 1 Benfica
Flag of Portugal.svg
(POR)
Estadio Centenario,
Montevideo
Both teams tied with 2 points each
Peñarol won the decisive playoff match
1960
Details
Peñarol
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
0 - 0 Real Madrid
Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg
(ESP)
Estadio Centenario,
Montevideo
Real Madrid
Flag of Spain 1945 1977.svg
(ESP)
5 - 1 Peñarol
Flag of Uruguay.svg
(URU)
Santiago Bernabéu,
Madrid
Real Madrid won with 3 points

aet - after extra time

Statistics

By team

Team Cups Years
Spain Real Madrid 3 (1960, 1998, 2002)
Argentina Boca Juniors 3 (1977, 2000, 2003)
Uruguay Nacional 3 (1971, 1980, 1988)
Uruguay Peñarol 3 (1961, 1966, 1982)
Italy Milan 3 (1969, 1989,1990)
Brazil São Paulo 2 (1992, 1993)
Portugal Porto 2 (1987, 2004)
Brazil Santos 2 (1962, 1963)
Italy Internazionale 2 (1964, 1965)
Argentina Independiente 2 (1973, 1984)
Netherlands Ajax 2 (1972, 1995)
Italy Juventus 2 (1985, 1996)
Germany Bayern Munich 2 (1976, 2001)
England Manchester United 1 (1999)
Argentina Estudiantes La Plata 1 (1968)
Netherlands Feyenoord 1 (1970)
Argentina Racing Club 1 (1967)
Spain Atlético Madrid 1 (1974)
Paraguay Olimpia 1 (1979)
Brazil Flamengo 1 (1981)
Brazil Grêmio 1 (1983)
Argentina River Plate 1 (1986)
Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 1 (1991)
Argentina Vélez Sársfield 1 (1994)
Germany Borussia Dortmund 1 (1997)

By country

Country Teams Cups Years
Argentina Argentina 6 9 (1967, 1968, 1973, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1994, 2000, 2003)
Italy Italy 3 7 (1964, 1965, 1969, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1996)
Brazil Brazil 4 6 (1962, 1963, 1981, 1983, 1992, 1993)
Uruguay Uruguay 2 6 (1961, 1966, 1971, 1980, 1982, 1988)
Spain Spain 2 4 (1960, 1974, 1998, 2002)
Germany Germany 2 3 (1976, 1997, 2001)
Netherlands Netherlands 2 3 (1970, 1972, 1995)
Portugal Portugal 1 2 (1987, 2004)
England England 1 1 (1999)
Paraguay Paraguay 1 1 (1979)
Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 1 1 (1991)

By continent

Continent Teams Countries Cups
South America 13 4 22
Europe 12 7 21

Coaches

Carlos Bianchi won three editions as coach: one with Vélez Sársfield in 1994, and 2 with Boca Juniors in 2000 and 2003.

Luis Cubilla and Juan Mujica, 2 Uruguayans won cups both as a player and coaching:

Players

Man of the Match

Since 1980

Year Player Club
2004 Portugal Maniche Portugal Porto
2003 Argentina Matías Donnet Argentina Boca Juniors
2002 Brazil Ronaldo Spain Real Madrid
2001 Ghana Samuel Kuffour Germany Bayern Munich
2000 Argentina Martín Palermo Argentina Boca Juniors
1999 Wales Ryan Giggs England Manchester United
1998 Spain Raúl Spain Real Madrid
1997 Germany Andreas Möller Germany Borussia Dortmund
1996 Italy Alessandro Del Piero Italy Juventus
1995 Netherlands Danny Blind Netherlands Ajax
1994 Argentina Omar Asad Argentina Vélez Sársfield
1993 Brazil Cerezo Brazil São Paulo
1992 Brazil Raí Brazil São Paulo
1991 Yugoslavia Vladimir Jugović Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade
1990 Netherlands Frank Rijkaard Italy Milan
1989 Italy Alberigo Evani Italy Milan
1988 Uruguay Santiago Ostolaza Uruguay Nacional
1987 Algeria Rabah Madjer Portugal Porto
1986 Uruguay Antonio Alzamendi Argentina River Plate
1985 France Michel Platini Italy Juventus
1984 Argentina José Percudani Argentina Independiente
1983 Brazil Renato Gaúcho Brazil Grêmio
1982 Brazil Jair Uruguay Peñarol
1981 Brazil Zico Brazil Flamengo
1980 Uruguay Waldemar Victorino Uruguay Nacional

See also

External links


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