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European Broadcasting Union
Union européenne de radio-télévision

Countries with one or more members are in green
Formation 12 February 1950
Type Union of broadcasting organisations
Headquarters Geneva, Switzerland
Membership 74 active members
Official languages English, French
President Jean-Paul Philippot[1]
Website http://www.ebu.ch/

The European Broadcasting Union (EBU; French: Union européenne de radio-télévision (UER)) is a confederation of 75 broadcasting organisations from 56 countries, and 43 associate broadcasters from a further 25. It is unrelated to the European Union. Members are radio and television companies, most of which are government-owned public service broadcasters or privately owned stations with public missions. Full active Members are based in countries from Algeria to the Vatican State, including almost all European countries. Associate members are not limited to those from European countries and the Mediterranean but include broadcasters from Canada, Japan, Mexico, India and Hong Kong, as well as many others. Associate Members from the United States include ABC, CBS, NBC, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Time Warner, and the only individual station, WFMT.

Active members are those whose states fall within the European Broadcasting Area, or otherwise those who are members of the Council of Europe.

The EBU's highest profile production is the Eurovision Song Contest, organised by its Eurovision Network. The Eurovision Network also organises the Eurovision Dance Contest, the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, the former Eurovision Young Dancers competition, and other competitions for young musicians and screenwriters, which are modelled along similar lines. The countries in the EBU have also often worked together to create documentaries and (animated) children's programming.

EBU provides several targeted training courses for broadcast professionals through its section EBU Training which was founded in 1999 and since then, has trained over 5,000 people from more than 30 countries. Most of the programmes are offered exclusively to EBU members. However, certain programmes are increasingly made available to non-members.

Most EBU broadcasters have a group deal to carry the Olympics[2] and FIFA World Cup (particularly, the games of their country and the Final). Another annually recurring event which is broadcast across Europe through the EBU is the Vienna New Year's Concert. The theme music played before EBU broadcasts is Marc-Antoine Charpentier's Prelude to Te Deum. It is well known to Europeans as it is played before and after the Eurovision Song Contest and other important events (click [1] to listen).

Contents

History

The classic opening ident that preceded all Eurovision network transmissions until the mid-90s. The logotypes of both the sending and receiving company were shown in the middle. The pattern around the middle is based on the Flag of Europe.

It was formed on 12 February 1950 by 23 broadcasting organisations from Europe and the Mediterranean at a conference in the coastal resort of Torquay in Devon, England. In 1993, the International Radio and Television Organisation (OIRT), an equivalent organisation of broadcasters from Central and Eastern Europe, was merged with the EBU.

The first co-production was the animated series The Animals of Farthing Wood from 1993 based on the books of the same title by Colin Dann. The second animated collaboration was Noah's Island from 1997 and more recently, Pitt and Kantrop. Another important EBU programme is Jeux Sans Frontières.

Technical activities

The objective of the EBU's technical activities is simply to assist EBU Members (see below) in this period of unprecedented technological changes. This includes provision of technical information to Members via conferences and workshops, as well as in written form (such as the EBU Technical Review).

The EBU also encourages active collaboration between its Members on the basis that they can freely share their knowledge and experience, thus achieving considerably more than individual Members could achieve by themselves. Much of this collaboration is achieved through Project Groups which study specific technical issues of common interest: for example, EBU Members have long been preparing for the revision of the 1961 Stockholm Plan.

The EBU places great emphasis on the use of open standards. Widespread use of open standards (such as MPEG-2, DAB, DVB, etc.) ensures interoperability between products from different vendors, as well as facilitating the exchange of programme material between EBU Members and promoting "horizontal markets" for the benefit of all consumers.

EBU Members and the EBU Technical Department have long played an important role in the development of many systems used in radio and television broadcasting, such as:

  • The AES/EBU digital audio interface;
  • Serial and parallel interfaces for digital video (ITU-R Recommendations 601 and 656);
  • RDS - the Radio Data System used on FM broadcasting.

The EBU has also actively encouraged the development and implementation of:

  • Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) through Eureka Project 147 and the WorldDAB Forum;
  • Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) through the DVB Project and DigiTAG;
  • Digital radio in the bands currently used for AM broadcasting through DRM (Digital Radio Mondiale);
  • Standardisation of PVR systems through the TV-Anytime Forum.
  • Development of other content distribution networks on the internet through P2PTV; EBU Project Group D/P2P, from November 2007 to April 2008, with a trial of selected member channels, thanks to Octoshape's distribution platform. [2]. The EBU is also part of the European P2P-Next project.

EBU Training

EBU TRAINING offers targeted training to media professionals. Its organization changed in 2010 since the department became business oriented. To implement the Solidarity Principle on which it is based and to keep a high level of quality, EBU TRAINING identified strategic challenges that EBU members will face during the next 3 years. Challenges are organized in 5 training portfolios. In each portfolio, courses will give EBU members' professionals the competences, savoir-faire and tools needed to face the challenges.

5 portfolios to address the media market challenges of the next 3 years:

  • Authoring & Programming:

Meet the expectations of an audience who increasingly interacts with content creation and distribution. Development of new practices in production processes as well as creative formats and concepts.

  • Digital Culture & Technologies:

Learn to work closer together: digital culture is reshaping the broadcast media industry in all sectors (management, production, technology, editorial) and in all its forms (Multimedia and Multiplatform).

  • Safety & Security:

Reporting live today: take security and safety very seriously with HEST and other specialized safety training courses (leadership, crisis management, kidnapping).)

  • News:

Innovate in your news-making supply chain: Storytelling, online news, investigative journalism. Address key issues: public health, terrorism, diversity and emigration.

  • Brand & Values:

Face the complexity of management in Public Service Media. Use marketing to give a strong position of public Broadcasters in a highly competitive market with the EBU Marketing Learning Academy.

Some figures about EBU TRAINING in 2009:

  • 1338 professional participants received training
  • 11 seminars
  • 7 master courses
  • 3 thematic visits
  • the workshops provided training for 521 people

Members

A map illustrating the entry dates of EBU member states. Some states have more than one channel so only the earliest is counted.


European members

Country Broadcasting organisation National script Abbr. Year
 Albania Albanian Public Radio and Television Radio Televizioni Shqiptar RTSH 1999
 Andorra Radio and Television of Andorra Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra RTVA 2002
 Armenia Public Radio of Armenia Հայաստանի Հանրային Ռադիո ARMR 2005
Public Television of Armenia Հայաստանի հանրային հեռուստաընկերություն ARMTV 2005
 Austria Austrian Broadcasting Österreichischer Rundfunk ORF 1953
 Azerbaijan Public Television and Radio Broadcasting Company İctimai Televiziya və Radio Yayımları Şirkəti İTV 2007
 Belarus National State Teleradiocompany Нацыянальная дзяржаўная тэлерадыёкампанія Рэспублікі Беларусь BTRC 1993
 Belgium Flemish Radio- and Television Network Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep VRT 1950
Belgian Radio and Television of the French Community Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté Française RTBF 1950
 Bosnia & Herzegovina Radiotelevision of Bosnia & Herzegovina Radio-televizija Bosne i Hercegovine BHRT 1993
 Bulgaria Bulgarian National Radio Българско национално радио BNR 1993
Bulgarian National Television Българска национална телевизия BNT 1993
 Croatia Croatian Radiotelevision Hrvatska radiotelevizija HRT 1993
 Cyprus Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation Ραδιοφωνικό Ίδρυμα Κύπρου \ (Turkish) Kıbrıs Yayın Kurumu CY/CBC 1968
 Czech Republic Czech Radio Český rozhlas ČR 1993
Czech Television Česká televize ČT 1993
 Denmark Denmark's Radio Danmarks Radio AS DR 1950
TV2 TV2 AS DK/TV2 1996
 Estonia Estonian Public Broadcasting Eesti Rahvusringhääling ERR 1993
 Finland - Finnish Broadcasting Corporation
- Swedish Broadcasting of Finland
Yleisradio OY / (Swedish) Rundradion AB YLE/FST5 1950
Commercial Channel 3 Mainostelevisio 3 MTV3 1957
 France - Télévision Française 1
- France Télévisions
- Canal+
- Radio France
- Radio France Internationale
Groupement des Radiodiffuseurs Français de l'UER GRF 1950
Europe 1 Europe 1 E1 1978
 Georgia Georgian Public Broadcasting საქართველოს საზოგადოებრივი მაუწყებელი GPB 2005
 Germany German National Broadcasting Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen
Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
ARD 1952
Second German Television Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen ZDF 1963
 Greece Hellenic Radio Television Ελληνική Ραδιοφωνία Τηλεόραση ERT 1950
 Hungary Hungarian Radio Magyar Rádió MR 1993
Hungarian Television Magyar Televízió HU/MTV 1993
 Iceland National Broadcasting Service Ríkisútvarpið RÚV 1956
 Ireland Irish Radio-Television Raidió Teilifís Éireann RTÉ 1950
Irish-Gaelic Television Teilifís na Gaeilge 4 TG4 2007
 Italy Italian Radio-Television Radiotelevisione Italiana RAI 1950
 Latvia Latvian Television Latvijas Televīzija LR 1993
Latvian Radio Latvijas Radio LTV 1993
 Lithuania Lithuanian National Radio and Television Lietuvos Radijas ir Televizija LRT 1993
 Luxembourg CLT Multi Media Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion RTL 1950
Radio 100,7 Radio 100,7 ERSL 1996
 Macedonia Macedonian Radio-Television Македонска радио телевизија MKRTV 1993
 Malta Public Broadcasting Services Public Broadcasting Services MT/PBS 1969
 Moldova Teleradio-Moldova Teleradio-Moldova TRM 1993
 Monaco Radio Monte-Carlo Groupement de Radiodiffuseurs Monégasques TMC 1950
 Montenegro Radio Television of Montenegro Radio televizija Crne Gore/ Радио телевизија Црне Горе RTCG 2001
 Netherlands Netherlands Public Broadcasting Nederlandse Publieke Omroep NPO 1950
 Norway Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation Norsk Rikskringkasting AS NRK 1950
TV2 TV2 AS NO/TV2 1992
 Poland Polish Television Telewizja Polska TVP 1993
Polish Radio Polskie Radio PR 1993
 Portugal Radio and Television of Portugal Rádio e Televisão de Portugal RTP 1950
 Romania Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune ROR 1993
Romanian Television Televiziunea Română TVR 1993
 Russia Channel One Russia Первый канал C1R 1993
Radio Dom Ostankino Радиодом Останкино RDO 1993
All-Russia State Television and Radio Company Всероссийская государственная телевизионная и радиовещательная компания RTR 1993
 San Marino Radio-Television of San Marino Radiotelevisione della Repubblica di San Marino SMRTV 1995
 Serbia Radio Television of Serbia Радио-телевизија Србије RTS 2001
 Slovakia Slovak Radio Slovenský rozhlas SK/SR 1993
Slovak Television Slovenská televízia SK/STV 1993
 Slovenia Radio-Television Slovenia Radiotelevizija Slovenije RTVSLO 1993
 Spain Spanish Radio-Television Corporación Radiotelevisión Española RTVE 1955
Spanish Society of Radio Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión SER 1982
People's Radiowaves of Spain Cadena de Ondas Populares de España COPE 1998
 Sweden - Swedish Television
- Swedish Radio
- Swedish Educational Broadcasting
- Swedish Factual Broadcasting
Sveriges Television AB SVT 1950
TV4 TV4 AB TV4 2004
 Switzerland Swiss Broadcasting Corporation
-Schweizer Fernsehen
-Schweizer Radio DRS
-Radio Télévision Suisse
-Radiotelevisione svizzera di lingua italiana
-Radio Television Rumantscha
SRG SSR idée suisse / Schweizerische Radio- und Fernsehgesellschaft (German) / Société suisse de radiodiffusion et télévision (French) / Società svizzera di radiotelevisione (Italian) / Societad svizra da radio e televisiun (Romansh) SSR SRG 1950
 Turkey Turkish Radio and Television Corporation Türkiye Radyo-Televizyon Kurumu TRT 1950
 Ukraine National Television Company of Ukraine Національна телекомпанія України NTU 1993
National Radio Company of Ukraine Національна радіокомпанія України NRU 1993
 United Kingdom - British Broadcasting Corporation British Broadcasting Corporation BBC 1950
- Independent Television
- Channel 4
- S4/C
United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting /
Darlledu Annibynnus Deyrnas Gyfunol (Welsh)
UKIB 1959
 Vatican City Vatican Radio Radio Vaticana RV 1950

Non-European members

Country Broadcasting organisation National script Abbr. Year
 Algeria National Television Company المـؤسـسـة العمومية للتـلـفزيـون ENTV 1969
National Sound-broadcasting Company الإذاعة الجزائري ENRS 1969
Television of Algeria التلفزيون في الجزائر TDA 1969
 Egypt Egyptian Radio and Television Union التلفزيون المصري ERTU 1950–1958, 1984
 Israel Israel Broadcasting Authority רָשׁוּת השׁידוּר IBA 1957
 Jordan Jordan Radio and Television Corporation الفضائية JRTV 1969
 Lebanon Télé Liban تلفزيون لبنان TL 1950
 Libya Libyan Jamahiriyah Broadcasting Corporation الجماهيرية اللّيبيّة LJBC 1974
 Morocco Société Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision الشركة الوطنبة للإذاعة والتلفرة SNRT 1950–1961, 1968
 Tunisia Êtablissement de la Radiodiffusion-Télévision Tunisienne - ERTT 1950

Associate Members

Any group or organisation member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), which provide a radio and/or television service outside of the European Broadcasting Area, are permitted to submit applications to the EBU for Associate Membership. Countries which have this status also pay an annual fee to maintain this status, if a fee is not paid, then their Associate Membership is revoked. It was also noted by the EBU that any country that is granted Associate Member status does not include any access into the Eurovision system.[3]

The following table, gives a list of Associate Members of the EBU.[3]

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr. Year
 Australia Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC Australia
SBS Australia SBS
 Bangladesh National Broadcasting Authority of Bangladesh
 Canada Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Societé Radio Canada) CBC/SRC
 Chile Canal 13 (Chile) UC13
 Cuba Cuban Television ICRT
 Gambia Gambia Radio & Television Service GRTS
 Georgia Teleimedi TEME
Rustavi 2 RB
 Greenland Kalaallit Nunaata Radioa KNR
 Hong Kong Asia Television Limited ATV
Radio Television Hong Kong RTHK
Television Broadcasts Limited TVB
 India All India Radio AIR
 Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting IRIB
 Japan Nippon Hoso Kyokai NHK
 Malaysia Radio Television Malaysia RTM
 Mauritania TV de Mauritanie MR/TVM
 Mauritius Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation MBC
 Nepal Nepal Television NTVC
 New Zealand Radio New Zealand RNZ
Television New Zealand Ltd TVNZ
 Oman Oman Directorate General of Radio and Television ODGRT
 Pakistan Pakistan Television Corporation PK/PTV
 Qatar Al Jazeera Children's Channel JCC
 South Africa South African Broadcasting Corporation SABC
 South Korea Korean Broadcasting System KBS
 Syria Organisme de la Radio-Télévision Arabe Syrienne ORTAS
 United States National Broadcasting Company[4] NBC
American Broadcasting Company[4] ABC
Columbia Broadcasting System[4] CBS
National Public Radio[4] NPR
American Public Media[4] APM
WFMT 98.7 FM, Chicago, Illinois[4] WFMT
 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation ZBC

[4]

Venezuela's contribution to the union was stopped with the closure of RCTV by Hugo Chavez.

Approved participant members

Any groups or organisations from a country with International Telecommunication Union (ITU) membership, which don't qualify for either of the EBU's Active or Associate memberships, but still provide a broadcasting activity for the EBU are granted a unique Approved Participants membership, which lasts approximately 5 years. An application for this status may be submitted to the EBU at any given time, providing an annual fee is paid.

The following table provides a list of European Broadcasting Union (EBU) 'Approved Participants'.[5]

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr.
 Belgium  Canada  France  Switzerland TV5 Europe FRI/TV5
 European Union Euronews Euronews
France Germany Franco-German ARTE GEIE ARTE
 Macedonia JP MRD (Macedonian Broadcasting) JPMRD
 Hungary Antenna Hungária RT AH
Duna Television Duna TV
 Palestine Palestine Radio and TV Corporation PRTV
Abertis Telecom S.A. -
 Russia Russian TV and Radio Broadcasting Network RTRN
 South Africa Sentech (Pty) Ltd SNTC
 United Arab Emirates MBC Limited - Middle East Broadcasting Centre MEBC

Past active members

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr. Years
 Serbia and Montenegro Alliance of Public Radio and Television UJRT 2002–2006
 Sweden Radio Service of Sweden SVR 1950–1958
 Yugoslavia Yugoslav Radio Television JRT 1950–1992

Pending EBU membership applications

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr. Notes
 Kosovo Radio Television of Kosovo RTK RTK has shown interest into obtaining active EBU membership. However, they have yet to fulfil all the criteria set by the EBU for admission.[6][7][8]
 Liechtenstein 1 Fürstentum Liechtenstein Television 1FLTV Liechtenstein's only television broadcaster which began broadcasting on 15 August 2008. In July 2009, Peter Kolbel, broadcaster's managing director officially announced its intent to apply to join the EBU by the end of July 2009.[9]
 Morocco 2 Morocco Television 2M TV The second commercial channel of Morocco has asked for membership to the EBU.[citation needed]
 Qatar Qatar Radio Qatar Radio Recently shown interest at Eurovision 2009, by sending delegates in the hope of applying for active membership.[10]

See also

Notes and references

Notes:

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo. The Assembly of Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence on 17 February 2008, a move that is recognised by 65 of the 192 UN member states and the Republic of China (Taiwan), but not by other UN member states. Serbia claims it as part of its own sovereign territory.

References:

External links

Coordinates: 46°13′54″N 6°07′35″E / 46.231665°N 6.126516°E / 46.231665; 6.126516


Simple English

European Broadcasting Union
Union européenne de radio-télévision

File:EBU
Countries with members are in green

Formation12 February 1950
TypeUnion of broadcasting organisations
Headquarters Geneva, Switzerland
Membership74 active members
Website

The European Broadcasting Union (EBU), known in French as L'Union Européenne de Radio-Télévision (UER), and unrelated to the European Union, was formed on 12 February 1950 by 23 broadcasting organizations from Europe and the Mediterranean at a conference in the coastal resort of Torquay in Devon, England. In 1993, the International Radio and Television Organisation (OIRT), an equivalent organisation of broadcasters from Central and Eastern Europe, was merged with the EBU.

Contents

Full EBU members

European members

  • Albania: RTSH (Radiotelevizioni Shqiptar).
  • Andorra: RTVA (Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra).
  • Austria: ORF (Österreichischer Rundfunk).
  • Belarus: BTRC (Belaruskaja Tele-Radio Campanija).
  • Belgium: VRT (Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep), RTBF (Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communaute francaise).
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: PBSBiH (Public Broadcasting Service of Bosnia and Herzegovina).
  • Bulgaria: BNR (Bâlgarsko Nationalno Radio), BNT (Bâlgarska Nationalna Televizija).
  • Croatia: HRT (Hrvatska Radiotelevizija).
  • Cyprus: CyBC (Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation).
  • Czech Republic: ČRo (Český rozhlas), ČT (Česká televize).
  • Denmark: DR (Danmarks Radio), DK/TV2 (TV2/Danmark).
  • Estonia: ER (Eesti Raadio), EE/ETV (Eesti Televisioon)
  • Finland: FI/MTV (MTV Oy), YLE (Oy Yleisradio Ab).
  • France: GRF (Groupement des radiodiffuseurs francais - comprising Télévision Française 1 (TF1), France Télévisions (FT), Canal+, Radio France Internationale (RFI) and Radio France), and Europe 1.
  • Georgia: GTVR (Georgian TV & Radio Broadcasting)
  • Germany: ARD (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland), ZDF (Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen).
  • Greece: ERT (Elliniki Radiophonia - Tileorassi SA).
  • Hungary: MR (Magyar Rádió), HU/MTV (Magyar Televízió).
  • Iceland: RUV (Ríkisútvarpið).
  • Ireland: RTÉ (Radio Telefís Éireann).
  • Italy: RAI (RAI - Radiotelevisione Italiana).
  • Latvia: LR (Latvijas Radio), LTV (Latvijas Televizija).
  • Lithuania: LRT (Lietuvos Radijas ir Televizija).
  • Luxembourg: CLT (CLT Multi Media), ERSL (Etablissement de Radiodiffusion Socioculturelle du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg), RTL (Radio Télé Lëtzebuerg)
  • Macedonia: MKRTV (MKRTV).
  • Malta: PBS (Public Broadcasting Services).
  • Moldova: TRM (Teleradio-Moldova).
  • Monaco: GRMC (Groupement de Radiodiffusion monégasque).
  • Montenegro: RTCG (Radio-televizija Crne Gore).
  • Netherlands: NOS (Nederlandse Omroep Stichting).
  • Netherlands-Flanders: BVN (Vlaanderen-Nederland TV)
  • Norway: NRK (Norsk Rikskringkasting AS), NO/TV2 (TV 2 AS).
  • Poland: Polskie Radio, TVP (Telewizja Polska).
  • Portugal: RDP (Radiodifusão Portuguesa SA), RTP (Radiotelevisão Portuguesa Serviço Público de Televisão SA).
  • Romania: ROR (Societatea Româna de Radiodifuziune), TVR (Societatea Româna de Televiziune).
  • Russia: C1R (Channel One Russia), RDO (Radio Dom Ostankino), RTR (RossijskoeTeleradio).
  • San Marino: SMRTV (San Marino RTV).
  • Serbia: RTS (Radio-televizija Srbije)
  • Slovakia: SK/SR (Slovensky Rozhlas), SK/STV (Slovenská Televizia).
  • Slovenia: RTVSLO (Radiotelevizija Slovenija).
  • Spain: RTVE (Radiotelevisión Española), SER (Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión), COPE (Radio Popular SA Cope).
  • Sweden: SVT (Sveriges Television, Sveriges Radio :Sveriges Television and Sveriges Radio),TV4 (The TV4 group)
  • Switzerland: SRG SSR idée suisse (SRG SSR idée suisse - Sociéte Suisse de Radiodiffusion et Télévision).
  • Turkey: TRT (Türkiye Radyo-Televizyon Kurumu).
  • Ukraine: NTU/NRU (Natsionalna Telekompanija Ukraïny/Natsionalna Radiokompanya Ukraïny).
  • United Kingdom: BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation), UKIB (United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting - representing ITV (Independent Television), Channel 4 and S4C (Sianel Pedwar Cymru - Channel Four Wales)).
  • Vatican City: RV (Radio Vatican).

Non-European members

  • Algeria: ENTV (Entreprise nationale de Télévision), ENRS (Entreprise nationale de Radiodiffusion sonore) and TDA (Télédiffusion d'Algérie).
  • Armenia: AMPTV (Public Television & Radio Company of Armenia)
  • Azerbaijan: AzTV has been accepted for active EBU membership and will accede to the Union in January 2007.
  • Egypt: ERTU (Egyptian Radio and Television Union).
  • Israel: IBA (Israel Broadcasting Authority).
  • Jordan: JRTV (Jordan Radio and Television Corporation).
  • Lebanon: RL/TL (Télé-Liban).
  • Libya: LJB (Libya Jamahiriya Broadcasting).
  • Morocco: SNRT (La Société Nationale de Radiodiffusion et Télévision marocaine).
  • Tunisia: ERTT (Etablissement de la Radiodiffusion-Télévision Tunisienne).

Future & Potential EBU Members

  • Liechtenstein: currently Liechtenstein has no national television or radio station, but if they get one it will be possible for them to join the EBU (this technicality had affected them once before when they were not allowed to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest 1969)
  • Kosovo: RTK - currently an associate member
  • Syria: ORTAS (Organisme de la Radio-Télévision Arabe Syrienne) - currently an associate member only
  • Morocco: The second commercial channel of Morocco 2M TV have asked for membership to the EBU. It is still unknown if Morocco will parcipate in the Eurovision Song Contest or the Junior Eurovision Song Contest.

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