European Capital of Culture: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on European Capital of Culture

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Istanbul, Turkey's largest city, is one of the European Capitals of Culture in 2010
Pécs, Hungary, is one of the European Capitals of Culture in 2010

The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one calendar year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. A number of European cities have used the City of Culture year to transform their cultural base and, in doing so, the way in which they are viewed internationally. During the first two decades, cities were chosen primarily based on cultural history, scheduled events and the ability to provide infrastructural and financial support. A 2004 study by the European Commission by Robert Palmer (Palmer Study) demonstrated that the choice of European Capital of Culture served as a catalyst for the cultural development and the transformation of the city.[1] Consequently, the beneficial socio-economic development and impact for the chosen city are now also considered in determining the chosen cities.

Contents

History

The European Capital of Culture programme was initially called the European City of Culture and was conceived in 1983 by Melina Mercouri, then serving as Greek Minister of Culture. Mercouri believed that at the time, culture was not given the same attention as politics and economics and a project for promoting European cultures within the member states should be pursued. The European City of Culture programme was launched in the summer of 1985 with Athens being the first title-holder. During the German Presidency of 1999, the European City of Culture programme was renamed the European Capital of Culture.

List of European Cities/Capitals of Culture

GreeceAthens (1985)
GermanyWest Berlin (1988)
United KingdomGlasgow (1990)
SpainMadrid (1992)
GreeceThesaloniki (1997)
ItalyGenoa (2004)
Advertisements

Past years

Present year

Future years

According to the official EU website[2].

The countries from 2015-2025 are not sure by now.

See also

References

  1. ^ Palmer, Robert. "Study on the European Cities and Capitals of Culture and the European Cultural Months (1995-2004)". European Commission. http://ec.europa.eu/culture/key-documents/doc926_en.htm. Retrieved 24 January 2010. 
  2. ^ Official EU website
  • García, B. (2005) “De-constructing the City of Culture: The long term cultural legacies of Glasgow 1990” in: Review Issue of Urban Studies (vol 42, n5/6) (pp. 1-28)
  • García, B. (2004) “Cultural Policy in European Cities: Lessons from Experience, Prospects for the Future” in: Special edition on Cultural Policy and Regeneration, Local Economy (vol 19, n4) (pp. 312-326)
  • García, B. (2004) “Urban Regeneration, Arts Programming and Major events: Glasgow 1990, Sydney 2000 and Barcelona 2004” in: Gibson, L. & Stevenson, D. (Eds) Special Issue of the International Journal of Cultural Policy: Urban Space and the Uses of Culture (vol 10, n 1) (pp. 103-118)

External links

Current

Past

Future

Past candidate cities

Future Candidates

Czech Republic

Poland

The majority of cities begin preparations before their year as Capital of Culture begins.

Spain

Denmark

Netherlands

Italy

Serbia

  • Belgrade 2020 [4] [5] - candidate city

General


Simple English

The European Capital of Culture is a city chosen by the European Union for a period of one calendar year. The city is given a chance to show its cultural life and cultural development. Most of the cities are very popular and are known internationally (by people around the world).

Contents

List of European Cities/Capitals of Culture

Past years

Current year

Future years

According to the official EU website[1]. From 2014 to 2019, these are only the countries have been chosen, based on the rotation system.

Other pages

  • American Capital of Culture – a similar program among American countries
  • Arab Capital of Culture – a similar program among Arab countries
  • Europalia

References

  1. Official EU website
  • García, B. (2005) “De-constructing the City of Culture: The long term cultural legacies of Glasgow 1990” in: Review Issue of Urban Studies (vol 42, n5/6) (pp. 1-28)
  • García, B. (2004) “Cultural Policy in European Cities: Lessons from Experience, Prospects for the Future” in: Special edition on Cultural Policy and Regeneration, Local Economy (vol 19, n4) (pp. 312-326)
  • García, B. (2004) “Urban Regeneration, Arts Programming and Major events: Glasgow 1990, Sydney 2000 and Barcelona 2004” in: Gibson, L. & Stevenson, D. (Eds) Special Issue of the International Journal of Cultural Policy: Urban Space and the Uses of Culture (vol 10, n 1) (pp. 103-118)

Other websites

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Poland

Spain


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message