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European Champion Clubs' Cup
Awarded for Team that wins of the UEFA Champions League
Presented by UEFA
First awarded 1956
Currently held by FC Barcelona
Official Website uefa.com

The European Champion Clubs' Cup, or simply the European Cup, is a trophy awarded annually by UEFA to the football club that wins the UEFA Champions League. Prior to 1992, the competition in its older format shared its name with the trophy, being also known as the European Cup.

Several different physical trophies have had the name, as a club is entitled to keep the cup after five wins or three consecutive wins[1], with a new cup having to be forged for the following season. The multiple-winner badge[2] is a badge awarded by UEFA to such clubs[3].

Contents

The trophy

Champions League winners do not keep the real trophy, which remains in UEFA's keeping at all times. A full size replica trophy, the Champions League winners trophy, is awarded to the winning club. [4] It used to be that a club that won the competition five times, or three times consecutively, got to keep an original. From 2009, every winner will receive a replica with their name engraved on it. [5] Winning clubs are also permitted to make replicas of their own, however they must be clearly marked as such and can be a maximum of eighty percent the size of the actual trophy.

The original European Cup trophy was donated by L'Équipe, a French sports newspaper[6]. This trophy was awarded permanently to Real Madrid in March 1967[6]. At the time, they were the reigning champions, and had won six titles altogether, including the first five competitions from 1956 to 1960.Celtic thus became the first club to win the cup in its current design in 1967 when they also became to first non-Latin team to win the tournament.

The replacement trophy, with a somewhat different design from the original, was commissioned by UEFA from Jörg Stadelmann, a jeweller from Berne in Switzerland[6]. At a cost of 10,000 Swiss Francs, it was silver, 74 cm high, weighing 8 kg. The trophy bears the title "coupe des clubs champions européens". Subsequent replacement trophies have replicated this design[6]. In Spanish, it is nicknamed La Orejona ("big-ears") because of the shape of the handles and for this reason, Luis Omar Tapia, a long-time ESPN UCL announcer made the name "la Orejona" popular on the American continents.[7][8]

The trophy that was awarded at the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final is the sixth, and has been in use since 2006, after Liverpool won their fifth European Cup in 2005.[9]

The previous rule to allow a club to keep the trophy after five wins or three consecutive wins was introduced before the 1968–69 season[6]. At that point, Real Madrid were the only club meeting either qualification, and indeed met both. Once a club had been awarded the trophy, the count was reset to zero.[1] For example, a club with no prior titles which won six titles in a row would have been permanently awarded trophies after the third and sixth wins (each for three-in-a-row) but not after their fifth win.

The new regulations however state that the trophy remains in UEFA's keeping at all times and that a full-size replica trophy is awarded to every winner of the competition. Also a club that gets 3 consecutive or 5 overall wins will get a special mark of recognition instead of the original trophy.[10]

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Clubs awarded the trophy permanently

Five clubs have kept the actual trophy:

Multiple-winner badge

The multiple-winner badge

The multiple-winner badge[2] was introduced for the start of the 2000–01 competition[11] for clubs who have been awarded the trophy permanently. The badge itself adorns the left sleeve of the team's shirt during Champions League and UEFA Cup matches. (A.C. Milan & Liverpool are the only club who wear the badge for all competitions, including friendlies.) It is a navy blue oval on which is an outline of the current trophy in white, overlaid with part of the Champions League starball logo. Above the trophy is the total number of titles held by the club. The badge will still be awarded to clubs winning five overall, or three consecutive, titles.

The Title-holder badge used between 2004 and 2009

A separate "title-holder logo" is worn by the reigning Champions League champions in the following season's competition[3]. The logo was introduced in 2004–05, with Porto as the defending champions.[12][13] The distinction between the title-holder logo and the badge of honour can be compared to the distinction between the scudetto (shield) worn by the reigning Serie A champions in Italy, and the stella (star) worn by teams with over 10 Serie A titles in total. However, whereas Juventus sport 2 stars as they have won over 20 titles, there is no provision for multiple UEFA badges of honour, as the count within the badge can be incremented indefinitely. In addition to the logo, the title holders play their home games in the competition with the match ball used in the final.

The design for the title-holder badge changed for the 2009 competition. Instead of the star ball background, it features a design of the trophy which was used to promote the previous season's final.

UEFA Cup

The rules for the UEFA Cup also state that a club gets to keep the existing trophy upon their third consecutive win or fifth overall[14]. There is also a title-holder logo[15], but no badge of honour. However, as of 2009, no club has won the UEFA Cup more than three times in total (see UEFA Cup: top teams). Two have won it twice in a row: Real Madrid in 1986, and Sevilla in 2007. Real Madrid did not have the chance to win a third successive UEFA Cup, as they qualified for the 1986–87 European Cup. Similarly, Sevilla had reached the last 16 of the Champions League 2007–08, so could not defend their UEFA Cup title.

Victories in the discontinued UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, held 1960–99, and Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, held 1955–71 outside the auspices of UEFA, are not counted for any current UEFA award. FC Barcelona won the Fairs Cup trophy permanently in a playoff match against Leeds United after the last tournament as well as being awarded the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup for having won it the most times (4).

References

  1. ^ a b Regulations of the UEFA Champions League (PDF) from UEFA website; Page 4, §2.01 "Cup"
  2. ^ a b "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2008/09, Chapter XI, Article 19 - "UEFA Kit Resolutions", paragraph 14, page 29". uefa.com. Union of European Football Associations. August 2009. http://www.uefa.com/MultimediaFiles/Download/Regulations/competitions/UCL/84/52/77/845277_DOWNLOAD.pdf. Retrieved 30 August 2009.  
  3. ^ a b Regulations of the UEFA Champions League Page 26, §16.10 "Title-holder logo"
  4. ^ "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2008/09, Article 4 - "Trophy" page 5". uefa.com. Union of European Football Associations. March 2008. http://www.uefa.com/multimediafiles/download/regulations/uefa/others/70/22/60/702260_download.pdf. Retrieved 24 May 2009.  
  5. ^ European Union of Football Associations (May 2009). UEFA Champions League Final 2008/09 Official Programme.  
  6. ^ a b c d e uefadirect, Issue 42: October 2005, Page 8 "A brand new trophy"
  7. ^ Baier, Nicolás (2007-05-21). "La gloria al alcance de la mano" (in Spanish). ESPN Deportes. http://espndeportes.espn.go.com/news/story?id=560433&s=uef&type=column. "La Orejona, el codiciado trofeo del fútbol europeo"  
  8. ^ González, Mark (2007-05-23). "AC Milan se tomó una dulce revancha y dejó a Liverpool sin la Champions" (in Spanish). Radio Cooperativa. http://www.cooperativa.cl/p4_noticias/site/artic/20070523/pags/20070523164901.html. Retrieved 2007-12-01. "la popular "Orejona", como se le denomina al trofeo"  
  9. ^ "The UEFA Champions League trophy". uefa.com. Union of European Football Associations. 20 March 2009. http://www.uefa.com/competitions/ucl/finals/newsid=23694.html. Retrieved 8 May 2009.  
  10. ^ "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2009/10, page 7, III Trophies and medals, Article 5, Trophy". UEFA. http://www.uefa.com/MultimediaFiles/Download/Regulations/competitions/UCL/84/52/77/845277_DOWNLOAD.pdf. Retrieved 16 August 2009.  
  11. ^ Ajax rewarded with 'UEFA Badge of Honour' news article from 23 October 2000
  12. ^ Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2003–04
  13. ^ Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2004–05
  14. ^ Regulations of the UEFA Cup (PDF) from UEFA website; Page 4, §2.01 "Cup"
  15. ^ Regulations of the UEFA Cup Page 26, §16.10 "Title-holder logo"

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