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European Commission diplomatic missions: Wikis


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Map of European Union diplomatic missions
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This article is part of the series:
Foreign relations of the European Union


This is a list of diplomatic missions of the European Union. The European Union (EU) conducts a Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) which covers many areas of foreign policy issues. The EU speaks therefore often with one voice in foreign affairs, but unanimity between member states is always needed. EU is the world's largest trading block and donor of humanitarian and development assistance, and thus has an extensive network of delegations around the world mainly operating in the framework of External Relations, for which the European Commission is the main decision body. The EU also represents shared political and security viewpoints held by its member states, as articulated in the Common Foreign and Security Policy.

The EU's predecessor, the European Coal and Steel Community, opened its first mission in London in 1955, three years after non-EU countries began to accredit their missions in Brussels to the Community. The US had been a fervent supporter of the ECSC's efforts from the beginning, and Secretary of State Dean Acheson sent Jean Monnet a dispatch in the name of President Truman confirming full US diplomatic recognition of the ECSC. A US ambassador to the ECSC was accredited soon thereafter, and he headed the second overseas mission to establish diplomatic relations with the Community institutions [1].

The number of delegates began to rise in the 1960s following the merging of the executive institutions of the three European Communities into a single Commission. Until recently some states had reservations accepting that EU delegations held the full status of a diplomatic mission. Article 20 of the Maastrict Treaty requires the Delegations and the Member States’ diplomatic missions to "co-operate in ensuring that the common positions and joint actions adopted by the Council are complied with and implemented".

Management of the EU External Relations is conducted by the European Commission's Directorate-General for External Relations. The European Commission sends its delegates generally only to the capitals of states outside the European Union and cities hosting multilateral bodies.

The EU missions work separately from the work of the missions of its member states, however in some circumstances it may share resources and facilities. In Abuja is shares its premises with a number of member states [2].



North America

European Union embassy in Washington, D.C.

South America


Middle East



European Commission Delegation in Canberra

Multilateral Organisation

  • Geneva (Delegation to international organisations)
  • New York (Delegation to the United Nations)
  • Paris (Delegation to UNESCO and the OECD)
  • Rome (Delegation to the FAO and UN organisations)
  • Vienna (Delegation of the European Union to the international organisations in Vienna)[1]


Embassies of EU member states around the World

Map of countries coloured according to the number of EU members embassies

No EU member state has Embassy in the countries of Bahamas, Bhutan, Dominica, Grenada, Kiribati, Liechtenstein, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Samoa, Somalia, Swaziland, Tonga, Tuvalu, the sovereign entity Sovereign Military Order of Malta and the partially recognised countries Sahrawi Republic and Taiwan. The European Commission also has no delegations there.

The following countries host only a single Embassy of EU member state: Antigua and Barbuda (UK), Barbados (UK), Belize (UK), Central African Republic (France), Comoros (France), Djibouti (France), Gambia (UK), Guyana (UK), Lesotho (Ireland), Liberia (Germany), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (UK), San Marino (Italy), São Tomé and Príncipe (Portugal), Solomon Islands (UK), Timor-Leste (Portugal), Vanuatu (France).

See also




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