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European Community Humanitarian aid Office (ECHO) is the European Commission's department for humanitarian aid. In 2007 it provided €768 million (approx. USD 1,100 million) for emergency relief[1].

Contents

Background

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ECHO was established in 1992 by the Second Delors Commission. It comes under the responsibility of the European Commissioner for Development & Humanitarian Aid, formerly Louis Michel. Funding from the office affects 18 million people every year in 60 countries. It spends €700 million a year on humanitarian projects through its over 200 partners (such as the Red Cross, Relief NGOs and UN agencies). It claims a key focus is to make EU aid more effective and humanitarian.[2]

Budget

In 2006, ECHO's aid budget amounted to 671 million euro, 48% of which went to the ACP countries.[3] Together with the aid given by member states individually, the Union is the largest aid donor in the world.[4]

Reform

The former commissioner for aid, Louis Michel, had called for aid to be delivered more rapidly, to greater effect and on humanitarian principles.[4]

Some charities have claimed European governments have inflated the amount they have spent on aid by incorrectly including money spent on debt relief, foreign students and refugees. Under the de-inflated figures, the Union did not reach its internal aid target in 2006.[5]

See also

References

External links

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