European Grand Prix: Wikis

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Flag of Europe.svg European Grand Prix
Valencia Street Circuit
Circuit Valensia street.png
Race information
Laps 57
Circuit length 5.419 km (3.367 mi)
Race length 308.883 km (191.931 mi)
Number of times held 19
First held 1983
Most wins (drivers) Germany Michael Schumacher (6)
Most wins (constructors) Italy Ferrari (6)
Last race (2009):
Pole position United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
McLaren-Mercedes
1:39.489
Podium 1. Brazil Rubens Barrichello
Brawn-Mercedes
1h 35m 51.289s
2. United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
McLaren-Mercedes
+2.538s
3. Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Ferrari
+15.994s
Fastest lap Germany Timo Glock
Toyota
1:38.683

The European Grand Prix (sometimes referred to as the Grand Prix of Europe) is a Formula One event that was reintroduced during the mid-1980s and has been held regularly since 1999. From 2008 it will take place for at least another 7 years. In earlier years, one of the national Grands Prix was also designated as the European Grand Prix. Since its reintroduction, the European Grand Prix is usually held in a country that also holds a national Grand Prix in that same year. The first race to be so named was the 1923 Italian Grand Prix, held at Monza and won by Carlo Salamano in a Fiat.

Contents

Historical

The European Grand Prix was created as an honorific title by the AIACR, the FIA's predecessor in the organisation of motor racing events. The first race to receive the title was the Italian Grand Prix, in 1923, and it was followed by the French Grand Prix and Belgian Grand Prix. After a hiatus in 1929, Spa received the last honorific title of the pre-WWII years, in 1930.

The title was revived by the FIA after World War II, and was first given to the Belgian Grand Prix in 1947, and was distributed across several countries until the 1977 British Grand Prix, the last race to receive the honorific title. All post-war honorific European Grands Prix were F1 races.

First modern incarnation

The event was initially created as a stopgap. In 1983, the Formula One schedule originally featured a race near Flushing Meadows Park in New York. When the race was cancelled three months before the event, track organizers at Brands Hatch were able to create a European Grand Prix at the track in its place. The success of the event, buoyed by a spirited battle for the World Championship, led to the event returning on the schedule the following year.

Brands Hatch was unable to host the European Grand Prix in 1984, as it was hosting the British Grand Prix in even numbered years (alternating with Silverstone) so the European GP went to a redesigned and shorter Nürburgring circuit in 1984. It was a far cry from the 14 mile Nürburgring that most were used to seeing, and was initially unpopular during Formula One's return. Brands Hatch returned to host the European Grand Prix in 1985, but the race was replaced in 1986 by the Hungarian Grand Prix.

Second modern incarnation

In 1990, a wealthy Japanese businessman, Tomonori Tsurumaki, built an extravagant (and remote) race track called Nippon Autopolis with the idea of hosting a Formula One race. In 1992, plans were made to have an Asian Grand Prix in 1993 to replace the Mexican Grand Prix on the schedule. However, these plans failed to materialize. Instead, Bernie Ecclestone added a race at Donington Park to the schedule, which brought back the European Grand Prix moniker. The race was the brainchild of Tom Wheatcroft, who had been trying to bring F1 to the track since an abortive attempt to host the British Grand Prix in 1988. The first (and so far only) race at Donington Park resulted in Ayrton Senna's victory in wet/dry conditions.

The European race would go to Jerez the following season, and then returned to Nürburgring, which was now popular again with drivers. Because of this it hosted the race again in 1996, but after complaints that no other countries were to get the race, the Nürburgring race was renamed the Luxembourg Grand Prix. Jerez got the race back in 1997 as a replacement for the Portuguese Grand Prix. Jerez hosted the season finale that year, and it was the site of the famous incident between Michael Schumacher and Jacques Villeneuve which saw Schumacher get disqualified from the championship. It was also the scene of Mika Häkkinen's first Formula One victory.

In 1998, the European Grand Prix was dropped from the schedule, but returned in 1999 when the race at Nürburgring re-adopted the European Grand Prix name.

The 1999 race was notable for the torrential rain conditions which saw many experienced drivers slide off the circuit, presenting Johnny Herbert with the opportunity to take Stewart Grand Prix's first (and only) victory in its final season before being sold to Ford.

The race continued to be held at the Nürburgring until 2007. On August 29, 2006 it was announced that it had been removed from the F1 calendar for the 2007 season. From then there would only be one GP hosted in Germany each year, alternating between Hockenheimring and Nürburgring. However, what the name of this Grand Prix would be was uncertain for a time; while originally intended to be the German Grand Prix from 2007[1], the Nürburgring race of 2007 was renamed "Großer Preis von Europa" (European Grand Prix)[2] due to a dispute over the ownership of the title German Grand Prix.[3]

In 2008 the European Grand Prix took place in Valencia, Spain, and will do so again in 2009. During the 2009 event, Valencia signed a deal for a further 5 races, which puts Valencia on the calendar until 2014.

Sponsors

John Player Grand Prix of Europe 1983
AvD Grand Prix of Europe 1984
Shell Oils Grand Prix of Europe 1985
Sega European Grand Prix 1993
Warsteiner Grand Prix of Europe 1999-2001
Allianz Grand Prix of Europe 2002-2005,2007
Vodafone Grand Prix of Europe 2006
Telefónica Grand Prix of Europe 2008-

Winners of the European Grands Prix

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Repeat winners

Only includes standalone events

Number of wins Driver Achieved
6 Germany Michael Schumacher 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006
2 Spain Fernando Alonso 2005, 2007
Brazil Rubens Barrichello 2002, 2009

The European Grand Prix as a standalone event

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
2009 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Brawn-Mercedes Spain Valencia Report
2008 Brazil Felipe Massa Ferrari Spain Valencia Report
2007 Spain Fernando Alonso McLaren-Mercedes Germany Nürburgring Report
2006 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Germany Nürburgring Report
2005 Spain Fernando Alonso Renault Germany Nürburgring Report
2004 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Germany Nürburgring Report
2003 Germany Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW Germany Nürburgring Report
2002 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Ferrari Germany Nürburgring Report
2001 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Germany Nürburgring Report
2000 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Germany Nürburgring Report
1999 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert Stewart-Ford Germany Nürburgring Report
1998 Not held
1997 Finland Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Spain Jerez Report
1996 Canada Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault Germany Nürburgring Report
1995 Germany Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Germany Nürburgring Report
1994 Germany Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford Spain Jerez Report
1993 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Ford United Kingdom Donington Report
1986
-92
Not held
1985 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda United Kingdom Brands Hatch Report
1984 France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Germany Nürburgring Report
1983 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW United Kingdom Brands Hatch Report

The European Grand Prix as an honorary designation

Year Driver Constructor Designated Grand Prix Location Report
1977 United Kingdom James Hunt McLaren-Ford United Kingdom British Grand Prix Silverstone Report
1976 United Kingdom James Hunt McLaren-Ford Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort Report
1975 Italy Vittorio Brambilla March-Ford Austria Austrian Grand Prix Österreichring Report
1974 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Ferrari Germany German Grand Prix Nürburgring Report
1973 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Zolder Report
1972 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford United Kingdom British Grand Prix Brands Hatch Report
1969
-71
Not held
1968 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Germany German Grand Prix Nürburgring Report
1967 United Kingdom John Surtees Honda Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1966 Australia Jack Brabham Brabham-Repco France French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux Report
1965 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1964 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax United Kingdom British Grand Prix Brands Hatch Report
1963 United Kingdom Graham Hill BRM Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Report
1962 United Kingdom Graham Hill BRM Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort Report
1961 United Kingdom Stirling Moss Lotus-Climax Germany German Grand Prix Nürburgring Report
1960 United States Phil Hill Ferrari Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1959 United Kingdom Tony Brooks Ferrari France French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux Report
1958 United Kingdom Tony Brooks Vanwall Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1957 United Kingdom Tony Brooks
United Kingdom Stirling Moss
Vanwall United Kingdom British Grand Prix Aintree Report
1956 United Kingdom Stirling Moss Maserati Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1955 France Maurice Trintignant Ferrari Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Report
1954 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes-Benz Germany German Grand Prix Nürburgring Report
1953 Not held
1952 Italy Alberto Ascari Ferrari Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1951 Italy Luigi Fagioli
Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
Alfa Romeo France French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux Report
1950 Italy Giuseppe Farina Alfa Romeo United Kingdom British Grand Prix Silverstone Report
1949 Italy Alberto Ascari Ferrari Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1948 Italy Carlo Felice Trossi Alfa Romeo Switzerland Swiss Grand Prix Bremgarten Report
1947 France Jean-Pierre Wimille Alfa Romeo Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1931
-46
Not held
1930 Monaco Louis Chiron Bugatti Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1929 Not held
1928 Monaco Louis Chiron Bugatti Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1927 France Robert Benoist Delage Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza Report
1926 France Jules Goux Bugatti Spain San Sebastián Grand Prix Lasarte Report
1925 Italy Antonio Ascari Alfa Romeo Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Report
1924 Italy Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo France French Grand Prix Lyon Report
1923 Italy Carlo Salamano Fiat Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza Report

References

  1. ^ "2007 FIA Formula One championship circuit and lap information, published on February 14, 2007". Official FIA press release. http://www.fia.com/mediacentre/Press_Releases/FIA_Sport/2007/February/140207-02.html. Retrieved 2007-04-22.  
  2. ^ "Nürburgring". Official Homepage of the Nürburgring. http://www.nuerburgring.de. Retrieved 2007-04-14.  
  3. ^ The race held at Nürburgring in 2007 was originally going to be called the German Grand Prix but the title was changed to European Grand Prix due to the dispute over the ownership of the German Grand Prix name. See Autosport: Name row leads to return of European GP

External links

Coordinates: 50°19′52″N 6°56′35″E / 50.331°N 6.943°E / 50.331; 6.943


Simple English

File:Flag of European Grand Prix
Valencia Street Circuit
File:Circuit Valensia
Race information
Laps 57
Circuit length 5.419 km (3.367 mi)
Race length 308.883 km (191.931 mi)
Number of times held 19
First held 1983
Most wins (drivers) Michael Schumacher (6)
Most wins (constructors) Ferrari (6)
Last race (2010):
Pole position Sebastian Vettel
Red Bull-Renault
1:37.587
Podium 1. Sebastian Vettel
Red Bull-Renault
1h 40m 29.571s
(184.421 km/h)
2. Lewis Hamilton
McLaren-Mercedes
+5.042s
3. Jenson Button
McLaren-Mercedes
+12.658s
Fastest lap Jenson Button
McLaren-Mercedes
1:38.766

Formula One season (sometimes referred to as the Grand Prix of Europe) is a Formula One event that was reintroduced during the mid-1980s and has been held regularly since 1999. From 2008 it will take place for at least another 7 years. In earlier years, one of the national Grands Prix was also designated as the European Grand Prix. Since its reintroduction, the Formula One season is usually held in a country that also holds a national Grand Prix in that same year. The first race to be so named was the 1923 Italian Grand Prix, held at Monza and won by Carlo Salamano in a Fiat.

Contents

Winners of the European Grands Prix

Repeat winners (drivers)

Only includes standalone events

Number of wins Driver Years Won
6 Michael Schumacher 1994, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006
2 Fernando Alonso 2005, 2007
Rubens Barrichello 2002, 2009

Active drivers are in bold.

Repeat winners (constructors)

Only includes standalone events.

# of wins Constructor Years Won
6 Ferrari 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008
4 McLaren 1984, 1993, 1997, 2007
3 Williams 1985, 1996, 2003
2 Benetton 1994, 1995

Active constructors are in bold.

The Formula One season as a standalone event

Year Driver Constructor Location
2010 Sebastian Vettel Red Bull-Renault Valencia
2009 Rubens Barrichello Brawn-Mercedes Valencia
2008 Felipe Massa Ferrari Valencia
2007 Fernando Alonso McLaren-Mercedes Nürburgring
2006 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Nürburgring
2005 Fernando Alonso Renault Nürburgring
2004 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Nürburgring
2003 Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW Nürburgring
2002 Rubens Barrichello Ferrari Nürburgring
2001 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Nürburgring
2000 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Nürburgring
1999 Johnny Herbert Stewart-Ford Nürburgring
1998 Not held
1997 Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Jerez
1996 Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault Nürburgring
1995 Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Nürburgring
1994 Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford Jerez
1993 Ayrton Senna McLaren-Ford Donington
1986
-92
Not held
1985 Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Brands Hatch
1984 Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Nürburgring
1983 Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW Brands Hatch

The Formula One season as an honorary designation

Year Driver Constructor Designated Grand Prix Location
1977 James Hunt McLaren-Ford British Grand Prix Silverstone
1976 James Hunt McLaren-Ford Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort
1975 Vittorio Brambilla March-Ford Austrian Grand Prix Österreichring
1974 Clay Regazzoni Ferrari German Grand Prix Nürburgring
1973 Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix Zolder
1972 Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford British Grand Prix Brands Hatch
1969
-71
Not held
1968 Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford German Grand Prix Nürburgring
1967 John Surtees Honda Italian Grand Prix Monza
1966 Jack Brabham Brabham-Repco French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux
1965 Jim Clark Lotus-Climax File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps
1964 Jim Clark Lotus-Climax British Grand Prix Brands Hatch
1963 Graham Hill BRM Monaco Grand Prix Monaco
1962 Graham Hill BRM Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort
1961 Stirling Moss Lotus-Climax German Grand Prix Nürburgring
1960 Phil Hill Ferrari Italian Grand Prix Monza
1959 Tony Brooks Ferrari French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux
1958 Tony Brooks Vanwall File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps
1957 Tony Brooks
Stirling Moss
Vanwall British Grand Prix Aintree
1956 Stirling Moss Maserati Italian Grand Prix Monza
1955 Maurice Trintignant Ferrari Monaco Grand Prix Monaco
1954 Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes-Benz German Grand Prix Nürburgring
1953 Not held
1952 Alberto Ascari Ferrari File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps
1951 Luigi Fagioli
Juan Manuel Fangio
Alfa Romeo French Grand Prix Reims-Gueux
1950 Giuseppe Farina Alfa Romeo British Grand Prix Silverstone
1949 Alberto Ascari Ferrari Italian Grand Prix Monza
1948 Carlo Felice Trossi Alfa Romeo Swiss Grand Prix Bremgarten
1947 Jean-Pierre Wimille Alfa Romeo File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps
1931
-46
Not held
1930 Louis Chiron Bugatti File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps
1929 Not held
1928 Louis Chiron Bugatti File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italian Grand Prix Monza
1927 Robert Benoist Delage File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italian Grand Prix Monza
1926 Jules Goux Bugatti File:Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg San Sebastián Grand Prix Lasarte
1925 File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Antonio Ascari Alfa Romeo File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps
1924 File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo French Grand Prix Lyon
1923 File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Carlo Salamano Fiat File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italian Grand Prix Monza
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