European Institute of Innovation and Technology: Wikis

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The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)- regulation[1] came into force on 29 April 2008. The EIT intends to be a new flagship research university for excellence in higher education, research and innovation. The initial concept for a European Institute of Technology was based on the example of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)[2] and its combination of world class education, research, and deep engagement in effective innovation processes.

In its proposal for an EIT the European Commission put forward a two-level structure which combines both a bottom-up and a top-down approach: a governance structure which is based on a Governing Board (GB) and Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs). As of 21 January 2008, it appears that the project will mainly operate by building networks of pre-existent universities and research institutions [3], without building any new education or research institution and without granting EU diplomas.

On 18 June 2008, Budapest, Hungary was chosen by the EU nations to host the headquarters of the institute. [2] [4]

The first three Knowledge and Innovation Communities were nominated by the EIT Governing Board on 16 December 2009.

There is already an institution of this name headquartered in Rimini, Italy and San Marino. However in July 2007, the European Parliament approved the plan under a new name of "European Institute of Innovation and Technology", to emphasise its innovation aspect [1].

Contents

History

The headquarters of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) will be hosted by Budapest. A decision taken by the science ministers of all EU Member States on 18 June selected the Hungarian capital over four other bids. The Hungarian government welcomed the agreement and said it was a great success for the country.

Budapest, capital of Hungary

The Slovenian Minister for Higher Education, Mojca Kucler Dolinar, in her current function as President of the Competitiveness Council also expressed her satisfaction: 'In fact, I am delighted to see the efforts and commitment on the part of the Member States for the common good,' she said. 'Both the Slovenian Presidency and I personally have dedicated huge efforts towards driving forward the selection procedure, and now they have paid off. The EIT will become a symbol of the combination of European research and innovative capabilities and the beginning of its operation will, accordingly, mark an important milestone in the history of European research policy.

'We took on great responsibility but at the same time we had available to us a unique opportunity, which we used to the full in order to set up a framework for joining up European research, business and educational potential,' Ms Kucler Dolinar added. 'Now that we have decided on the headquarters of the institute, and with the forthcoming appointment of its governing board, all the conditions will finally be in place to bring the EIT project to life and enable it to fulfil its purpose.'

File:Infoparkd-budapest.JPG
The EIT building in Budapest

The President of the European Commission, José Manuel Barroso, congratulated Hungary on its achievement: 'This is also the result of Hungary's long tradition in excellence in education, research and innovation. Setting the EIT in Budapest represents a flagship for excellence in the knowledge triangle.'

Five bidders had entered the race for the EIT seat, including Budapest, Wroclaw in Poland, Sant Cugat del Vallès near Barcelona in Spain, Jena in Germany, and a joint bid from Bratislava (Slovakia) and Vienna (Austria). According to Mr Barroso, this 'reflects the strategic and economic interest attached by our Member States to this ambitious project. I want to congratulate the city of Budapest and the Hungarian authorities for this designation, which will surely enhance the European profile of the country and its capital.'

When the EU research ministers came together at the end of May, the decision had to be postponed because Poland vetoed the otherwise unanimously backed city of Budapest as the EIT seat. Yet, the ministers had agreed on the selection criteria, namely that the seat should be in one of the new Member States and it should be in a Member State that does not currently have a European agency or institute. Among the five bidders, only Budapest met those requirements.

Knowledge and Innovation Communities.

The Governing Board of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) met on 16 December 2009 in Budapest to designate the first three Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs).

Sustainable energy - Co-location centres :[5] Karlsruhe, Krakow, Grenoble, Eindhoven/Leuven, Barcelona, Stockholm.

Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation - Co-location centres[6] : London, Zurich, Berlin metropolitan area, Paris metropolitan area, Randstad metropolitan area.

Future information and communication society - Co-location centres:[7] Berlin, Eindhoven, Helsinki, Paris and Stockholm.


File:Infoparkd-budapest2.JPG
The building, in the Infopark (Budapest)

The European Commissioner for Education, Training, Culture and Youth, Ján Figel' commented: 'The unique feature of the EIT is that it brings excellence in enterprise, research and higher education together, to maximise potential synergies and cross-fertilisation of ideas from all parts of the 'knowledge triangle'. This is vital if we are to successfully face the challenges of the 21st century.'

See also

References

External links

Media reports

Further reading (choice of seat)

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