European Parliament constituency: Wikis


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European Parliament election constituencies, 2009

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are elected by the population of the member states of the European Union (EU), divided into constituencies.

In six EU member states (Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy, Poland and the United Kingdom), the national territory is divided into a number of constituencies. In the remaining member states, the whole country forms a single constituency. In Germany, political parties are entitled to present lists of candidates either at Länder or national level.

Currently, all member states hold elections to the European Parliament (EP) using various forms of proportional representation.

The population of constituencies varies widely across the union. Currently, the German speaking community of Belgium are the most represented in the EU Parliament with one seat for their 71,000 population, while the people of Sardinia and Sicily are the least represented, with only one seat per 943,000 people.

The number of seats per constituency varies from 1 in the German speaking community of Belgium, to 23 in the north-west region of Italy. When counting countries without specific subdivisions as single constituencies for comparison, Germany has the most seats — 99 seats.



Constituency Community Seats Pop. per Seat
Dutch-speaking electoral college Flemish Community 14 6m 428k
French-speaking electoral college French Community of Belgium 9 4m 444k
German-speaking electoral college German-speaking community of Belgium 1 71k 71k
Total 24 10.1m 420k


European Parliament election, 2009 (France) - number of seats per constituency
Constituency Region(s) Seats Pop. per Seat
North-West France Basse-Normandie, Haute-Normandie, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Picardie 10 9.15m 762k
West France Bretagne, Pays-de-la-Loire, Poitou-Charentes 9 8m 804k
East France Alsace, Bourgogne, Champagne-Ardenne, Franche-Comté, Lorraine 9 8.2m 820k
South-West France Aquitaine, Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrénées 10 8.2m 819k
South-East France Corsica, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Rhône-Alpes 13 10.8m 833k
Loire, Massif Central Auvergne, Centre, Limousin 5 4.5m 753k
Île-de-France Île-de-France (including Paris) 13 11.3m 805k
Overseas Territories of France French overseas departments and territories 3 2.5m 820k
Total 72 62.7m 803k


Constituency Area Seats Pop. per Seat
Dublin Dublin 3 1.2m 400k
East Leinster less Dublin, Longford and Westmeath 3 1.1m 333k
South Munster less Clare 3 1.1m 333k
North–West Connacht plus Cavan, Donegal, Monaghan, Clare, Longford and Westmeath 3 880k 270k
Total 12 4.2m 300k


Constituency Regions Seats Pop. per Seat
North-West Aosta Valley, Liguria, Lombardy, Piedmont 23 15m 653k
North-East Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Veneto 15 10.7m 714k
Central Latium, Marche, Tuscany, Umbria 16 10.9m 681k
Southern Abruzzo, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Molise 17 13.8m 816k
Islands Sardinia, Sicily 7 6.6m 943k
Total 78 57m 731k


Constituency Area Seats
Pomeranian Pomeranian Voivodeship 2
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship 1
Podlaskie and Warmian-Masurian Podlaskie Voivodeship and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship 2
Warsaw City of Warsaw and part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: grodziski, legionowski, nowodworski, otwocki, piaseczynski, pruszkowski, warszawski zachodni and wolominski) 6
Masovian The remaining part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: ciechanowski, gostyninski, mlawski, plocki, plonski, przasnyski, sierpacki, sochaczewski, zurominski, zyrardowski, bialobrzeski, grójecki, kozienicki, lipski, przysuski, radomski, szydlowiecki, zwolenski, garwolinski, losicki, makowski, minski, ostrolecki, ostrowski, pultuski, siedlecki, sokolowski, wegrowski, wyszkowski and the cities of Plock, Radom, Ostroleka and Siedlce) 3
Łódź Łódź Voivodeship 4
Greater Poland Greater Poland Voivodeship 5
Lublin Lublin Voivodeship 4
Subcarpathian Subcarpathian Voivodeship 2
Lesser Poland and Świętokrzyskie Lesser Poland Voivodeship and Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship 8
Silesian Silesian Voivodeship 8
Lower Silesian and Opole Lower Silesian Voivodeship and Opole Voivodeship 7
Lubusz and West Pomeranian Lubusz Voivodeship and West Pomeranian Voivodeship 2
Total 54

United Kingdom

Constituency Region / Nation Seats Pop. per Seat
London Greater London 9 7.4m 822k
South East England South East 10 8m 800k
South West England South West, Gibraltar 7 4.9m 700k
West Midlands West Midlands 7 5.2m 740k
North West England North West 9 6.7m 745k
North East England North East 3 2.5m 833k
Yorkshire and the Humber Yorkshire and the Humber 6 5.1m 816k
East Midlands East Midlands 6 4.1m 683k
East of England Eastern 7 5.4m 770k
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland 3 1.7m 566k
Scotland Scotland 7 5m 714k
Wales Wales 4 3m 725k
Total 78 58.7m 753k

Comparison with national constituencies

European Parliament election, 2004 — bar graph of constituency sizes
Member State Seats Population per Seat
 Germany 99 82,000,000 828,000
 France 78 62,700,000 803,000
 United Kingdom 78 60,975,000 782,000
 Italy 78 57,000,000 731,000
 Spain 54 43,000,000 796,000
 Poland 54 38,000,000 700,000
 Netherlands 27 16,000,000 590,000
 Greece 24 11,000,000 458,000
 Portugal 24 10,500,000 437,000
 Czech Republic 24 10,200,000 425,000
 Belgium 24 10,100,000 420,000
 Hungary 24 10,000,000 416,000
 Sweden 19 9,000,000 473,000
 Austria 18 8,200,000 455,000
 Denmark 14 5,400,000 385,000
 Slovakia 14 5,300,000 378,000
 Finland 14 5,200,000 370,000
 Ireland 12 3,900,000 325,000
 Lithuania 13 3,600,000 277,000
 Latvia 9 2,300,000 255,000
 Slovenia 7 2,000,000 285,000
 Estonia 6 1,300,000 216,000
 Cyprus 6 780,000 130,000
 Luxembourg 6 440,000 73,000
 Malta 5 400,000 80,000
Total 732 459,295,000 627,000

Full list

See also

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