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European Republicans Movement
Secretary Luciana Sbarbati
President Adriano Musi
Founded 6 March 2001
Headquarters via IV Novembre, 107-108
00187 Rome
Newspaper None
Membership  (2006) 2,600[1]
Ideology Social liberalism
International affiliation None
European affiliation European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
European Parliament Group Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Coalition Democratic Party
Politics of Italy
Political parties

The European Republicans Movement (Movimento Repubblicani Europei, MRE) is a small centre-left liberal political party in Italy, which is now an associate party of the Democratic Party. Its long-standing leader is Luciana Sbarbati.



In 2001 the Italian Republican Party (PRI), after five years within The Olive Tree, a centre-left coalition, decided to join the centre-right House of Freedoms. MRE was formed by those Republicans who refused such a decision and who wanted to remain in the centre-left.

The MRE took part to the consolidation of The Olive Tree as a joint electoral list both for the 2004 European Parliament election and the 2006 general election, along with the much larger Democrats of the Left and Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy. The list won 220 out of 630 deputies (including two Republicans, Luciana Sbarbati and Adriano Musi) as part of the wider coalition The Union.

The MRE became part of the Democratic Party since its foundation in October 2007, but continues to exist as associate party retaining almost entirely its autonomy. In the 2008 general election Sbarbati of and Musi were elected to the Italian Senate and often distinguish themselves from the other Democrats in key votes. Notably they opposed European Parliament electoral law reform in 2009.[2]

The common battle in Parliament against electoral reform favored a reconciliation between the MRE and the PRI. During the III congress of the MRE in late February the two parties signed a joint declaration which will probably lead to a united Republican list for the 2009 European Parliament election and eventually to a re-unification. Under the declaration, despite their different coalition allegiances, the two parties pledge to join forces in Parliament on some key issues, notably including civil liberties and freedom of research.[3][4]



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