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The European Union Customs Union is a customs union which consists of all the Member States of the European Union (EU) and a number of surrounding countries.

The customs union is a principle task of the European Economic Community, established in 1958. No customs are levied on goods travelling within the customs union and — unlike a free trade area — members of the customs union impose a common external tariff on all goods entering the union. One of the consequences of the customs union is that the European Union has to negotiate as a single entity in international trade deals such as the World Trade Organisation.

The non-EU countries that are in customs union with the EU are: Turkey (excluding agricultural products), see EU-Turkey Customs Union; Andorra (excluding agricultural products); San Marino; and Monaco which entered along with France on basis of the France-Monaco agreement[1]

While all EU members are part of the customs union not all of their respective territories form part of the customs union. This may be because a territory isn't part of the EU, because the territories have opt-outs, or are excluded from the customs union because of their economic or geographic circumstances; see Special Member State territories and the European Union.

Notes

  1. ^ Article 3(1) of Council Regulation 2913/92/EEC of 12 October 1992 establishing the Community Customs Code (as amended) (OJ L 302, 19.10.1992, p. 1-50) [1].
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