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European Union Military Staff
European Union Military Staff
Location
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Seat Brussels, Belgium
Signed
Established
Director
Website Official website
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The European Union Military Staff (EUMS) is a department of the European Union (EU), responsible for supervising operations within the realm of the European Security and Defence Policy. It is directly attached to the private office of the High Representative of the Common Foreign and Security Policy, currently Catherine Ashton, and is formally part of the General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union.

Contents

Role

In addition to providing strategic advice to the High Representative, the EUMS reports to the European Union Military Committee (EUMC), an intergovernmental Council body made up of the Chiefs of Defence. Its main task is to perform "early warning, situation assessment and strategic planning for Petersberg tasks" and to implement CSDP missions (2001/80/CFSP, annex article 2) such as EUFOR Althea and the other European Union Force missions in Chad/CAR and the DR Congo. The EUMS current consists of 200+ military and civilian personnel.

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This article is part of the series:
Foreign relations of the European Union


  

The EUMS is located in the Kortenberg building, a short distance from the Berlaymont building, at Avenue de Kortenburg 150, B-1040 Brussels. Nearby is the Belgian Royal Military Academy building.

Polish EUFOR soldiers in Chad

EUMS is headed by Lieutenant General David Leakey, who was previously commander of EUFOR Althea. Its previous chief was UK Major General Graham Messervy-Whiting.[1]

The EUMS does not directly control the EU military missions. In conjunction with NATO, as required, an Operational Headquarters (OHQ) is nominated. The OHQ directs the Force Headquarters or FHQ, also provided by a member country, which carries out the operation on the ground. Five national operational headquarters have been made available for use by the Union to fulfil the OHQ role. The French CPCO - Centre de Planification et de Conduite des Opérations - is situated at the à l'État major des Armées, 231 boulevard St Germain, in Paris. Near Paris also is the French Mont Valérien command-and-control facility, where a French declared OHQ for EU operations is located. (It is not clear if the French Mont Valerien facility has a national designation). The others are the British PJHQ at the Northwood Headquarters northwest of London, Germany's Armed Forces Operational Command near Potsdam, Centocelle in Rome and Larissa. The selected OHQ runs the operation at the strategic level. For example, Operation Artemis used Mont Valérien as its OHQ and EUFOR's DR Congo operation used Potsdam.[2] The second option is to use NATO facilities, under 'Berlin plus' arrangements, as was the case for mounting EUFOR Althea, for which SHAPE was used.[3]

Insignia of the EU Operations Centre

From 1 January 2007, as a third option, the European Union Operations Centre also began work in Brussels. It can command a limited size force of about 2000 troops (e.g. a battlegroup).

Operations Supervised

The Military Staff has supervised a number of deployments since its establishment. The term 'EUFOR' or 'European Union Force' has been used to describe a number of military deployments, and has been used four times so far: in the Republic of Macedonia from March 2003 to December 2003 as EUFOR Concordia, in Bosnia from 2004 as EUFOR Althea, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2006, and in Chad and the Central Africa Republic since 2007. EUFOR is a temporary military deployment, not a permanent military force, and should not be confused with the Eurocorps or the Helsinki Headline Goal Force Catalogue, sometime misleadingly known as the 'European Rapid Reaction Force'. The name probably was patterned in imitation of NATO's IFOR, SFOR, and KFOR.

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EUFOR Althea

EUFOR Althea is a military deployment in Bosnia and Herzegovina to oversee the military implementation of the Dayton Agreement. It is the successor to SFOR and IFOR. The transition from SFOR to EUFOR was largely a change of name and commanders: 80% of the troops remained in place.[4] It replaced the NATO-led SFOR on 2 December 2004.

EUFOR Tchad/RCA

EUFOR also refers to the EU mission under the auspices and in the framework of MINURCAT in Chad and the Central African Republic, from late 2007 onwards.[5]

EUFOR DR Congo

The acronym EUFOR was also used for a short deployment in 2006 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. On 25 April 2006, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1671 (2006), authorising the temporary deployment of an EU force to support the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) during the period encompassing the elections in the DR Congo, which began on 30 July.

See also

References

External links


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