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European Union
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This article is part of the series:
Foreign relations of the European Union


  

The European Union (EU) is a member of the G8 (formerly the G7), dubbed its "9th member",[1] holding all the privileges and obligations of membership but without the right to host or chair a summit.[2] As the full name of the G8 is the "Group of Eight Nations", the EU has not been included in the number, hence there being nine members in the G8.[2]

The Commission President with the eight other leaders in 2008

The President of the European Commission has attended since he was first invited to the third G7 summit in 1977, Roy Jenkins was the then-President.[2] Since 1981 the President has attended all sessions of the G7.[3] The EU is currently represented by the Commission President and the President of the European Council[2] (the rotating chair of the council of EU state leaders - irregular attendance since 1982[4]). The Council Presidency sometimes coincides with one of the G8 members, in which case that leader attends with their national and European mandate.[2] As the EU is a member, what the Presidents endorse at the G8 is politically binding on them.[2]

The EU attends due to its role in the world economy, and its relevancy increased with the establishment of a single market, common currency and foreign policy. The Paris Summit of 1989 was a landmark year for the EU's participation in the G7, when the G7 asked the EU to assume responsibility for Phare.[2]

References

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