European Union statistics: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Statistics in the European Union are collected by Eurostat.

Contents

Institutional statistics

EU apportionment per capita January 1 2007
Member
state
Year
of
entry
Population Parliament
seats
Parliament seats
per million
inhabitants
Council
weights
Council weights
per million
inhabitants
 European Union n/a 495087452 785 1.6 345 0.7
 Austria 1995 8298923 18 2.2 10 1.2
 Belgium 1957 10584534 24 2.3 12 1.1
 Bulgaria 2007 7679290 18 2.3 10 1.3
 Cyprus 2004 778684 6 7.7 4 5.1
 Czech Republic 2004 10287189 24 2.3 12 1.2
 Denmark 1973 5444242 14 2.6 7 1.3
 Estonia 2004 1342409 6 4.5 4 3.0
 Finland 1995 5276955 14 2.7 7 1.3
 France 1957 63392140 78 1.2 29 0.5
 Germany 1957 82314906 99 1.2 29 0.4
 Greece 1981 11171740 24 2.1 12 1.1
 Hungary 2004 10066158 24 2.4 12 1.2
 Ireland 1973 4312526 13 3.0 7 1.6
 Italy 1957 59131287 78 1.3 29 0.5
 Latvia 2004 2281305 9 3.9 4 1.8
 Lithuania 2004 3384879 13 3.8 7 2.1
 Luxembourg 1957 476187 6 12.6 4 8.4
 Malta 2004 407810 5 12.3 3 7.4
 Netherlands 1957 16357992 27 1.7 13 0.8
 Poland 2004 38125479 54 1.4 27 0.7
 Portugal 1986 10599095 24 2.3 12 1.1
 Romania 2007 21565119 35 1.6 14 0.6
 Slovakia 2004 5393637 14 2.6 7 1.3
 Slovenia 2004 2010377 7 3.5 4 2.0
 Spain 1986 44474631 54 1.2 27 0.6
 Sweden 1995 9113257 19 2.1 10 1.1
 United Kingdom 1973 60816701 78 1.3 29 0.5
Source [1] [2] [3] Calculated [4] Calculated

Area and population

As of 1 January 2006, the population of the EU was about 493 million people[1]. Many countries are expected to experience a decline in population over the coming decades,[2], though this could be offset with new countries planning to join the EU within the next 20 years. The most populous member state is Germany, with an estimated 82 million people. France and Ireland have the highest birth-rates. [3] The most densely populated country is the island of Malta, which is also the smallest, while the largest in area is France. The least densely populated country is Finland.

Population figures in the table below are the latest available for each country (some are 2006 estimates, others are 2007 estimates). The highest and lowest figures in each column have been marked in bold.

EU population cartogram
Member State Population
in millions
Population
 % of EU
Area
km2
Area
% of EU
Pop. density
People/km2
 European Union 494.8 100% 4,422,773 100% 112
 Austria 8.3 1.7% 83,858 1.9% 99
 Belgium 10.5 2.1% 30,510 0.7% 344
 Bulgaria 7.7 1.6% 110,912 2.5% 70
 Cyprus 0.8 0.2% 9,250 0.2% 84
 Czech Republic 10.3 2.1% 78,866 1.8% 131
 Denmark 5.4 1.1% 43,094 1.0% 126
 Estonia 1.4 0.3% 45,226 1.0% 29
 Finland 5.3 1.1% 337,030 7.6% 16
 France[4] 65,03 13.% 643,548 14.6% 111
 Germany 82.3 16.6% 357,021 8.1% 231
 Greece 11.1 2.2% 131,940 3.0% 84
 Hungary 10.1 2.0% 93,030 2.1% 108
 Ireland 4.2 0.8% 70,280 1.6% 60
 Italy 58.8 11.9% 301,320 6.8% 195
 Latvia 2.3 0.5% 64,589 1.5% 35
 Lithuania 3.4 0.7% 65,200 1.5% 52
 Luxembourg 0.5 0.1% 2,586 0.1% 181
 Malta 0.4 0.1% 316 0.0% 1,261
 Netherlands 16.4 3.3% 41,526 0.9% 394
 Poland 38.1 7.7% 312,685 7.1% 122
 Portugal 10.6 2.1% 92,931 2.1% 114
 Romania 21.6 4.4% 238,391 5.4% 91
 Spain 44.7 9.0% 504,782 11.4% 87
 Slovakia 5.4 1.1% 48,845 1.1% 111
 Slovenia 2.0 0.4% 20,253 0.5% 99
 Sweden 9.1 1.8% 449,964 10.2% 20
 United Kingdom 60.7 12.3% 244,820 5.5% 246

Economy

For statistics relating to economy, please see Economy of the European Union.

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EU budget

The primary resource for funding the European Union is the contributions sought from member states. Each member state contributes to the EU budget, and receives funding back from the EU, depending on the relative wealth of the states, i.e. their ability to pay.

The table below shows the contributions as a percentage of the total budget. This takes into account the special considerations given to the United Kingdom to reduce its contribution through a rebate. Expenditure in Luxembourg, Belgium and France include items for the EU administrative centres in each of those countries.

Member State Total Contribution
in Euro
Total Contribution
as % of total EU budget
Total Expenditure
year 2006 in Euro
Total Expenditure
as % of total EU budget
 European Union 105 259 468 772 100.00% 106 575 500 000 100.00%
 Germany 22 218 438 941 21.11% 12 242 400 000 11.49%
 France 17 303 107 859 16.44% 13 496 200 000 12.66%
 Italy 14 359 479 157 13.64% 10 922 300 000 10.25%
 United Kingdom 13 739 900 046 13.05% 8 294 200 000 7.78%
 Spain 8 957 286 488 8.51% 12 883 000 000 12.09%
 Netherlands 5 552 933 781 5.28% 2 190 400 000 2.06%
 Belgium 4 035 286 807 3.83% 5 625 100 000 5.28%
 Sweden 2 832 862 800 2.69% 1 573 400 000 1.48%
 Austria 2 308 432 030 2.19% 1 830 100 000 1.72%
 Denmark 2 130 860 212 2.02% 1 501 900 000 1.41%
 Poland 2 099 087 114 1.99% 5 305 600 000 4.98%
 Greece 1 882 611 879 1.79% 6 833 700 000 6.41%
 Finland 1 544 832 284 1.47% 1 280 400 000 1.20%
 Portugal 1 443 049 602 1.37% 3 634 800 000 3.41%
 Ireland 1 341 281 313 1.27% 2 461 800 000 2.31%
 Hungary 1 003 119 411 0.95% 1 842 200 000 1.73%
 Czech Republic 932 392 859 0.89% 1 330 000 000 1.25%
 Slovakia 393 148 777 0.37% 696 200 000 0.65%
 Slovenia 299 993 572 0.29% 406 000 000 0.38%
 Luxembourg 241 439 011 0.23% 1 194 800 000 1.12%
 Lithuania 221 997 405 0.21% 799 800 000 0.75%
 Cyprus 144 556 416 0.14% 239 600 000 0.22%
 Latvia 115 205 431 0.11% 402 600 000 0.24%
 Estonia 100 756 308 0.10% 300 000 000 0.28%
 Malta 57 409 269 0.05% 157 000 000 0.14%
 Bulgaria 360 600 000 0.34%
 Romania 693 100 000 0.65%

Proportion of non-EU nationals

In most EU cities, there is a proportion of its inhabitants which are not nationals of the European Union.

Top 10 Cities
Rank City Proportion
%
1 Flag of Estonia.svg Tallinn, Estonia 27.8
2 Flag of France.svg Cayenne, French Guiana (France) 22.7
3 Flag of Greece.svg Athens, Greece 16.7
4 Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt, Germany 16.3
5 Flag of Germany.svg Munich, Germany 16.2
6 Flag of Austria.svg Vienna, Austria 14.4
7 Flag of Germany.svg Augsburg, Germany 14.3
8 Flag of Germany.svg Cologne, Germany 14.0
9 Flag of Germany.svg Wiesbaden, Germany 13.9
10 Flag of Germany.svg Bonn, Germany 13.5
Bottom 10 Cities
Rank City Proportion
%
1 Flag of Poland.svg Konin, Poland 0.0
= Flag of Poland.svg Suwałki, Poland 0.0
= Flag of Poland.svg Żory, Poland 0.0
2 Flag of Poland.svg Kielce, Poland 0.1
= Flag of Poland.svg Poznań, Poland 0.1
= Flag of Poland.svg Toruń, Poland 0.1
= Flag of Poland.svg Lublin, Poland 0.1
= Flag of Poland.svg Gorzów Wielkopolski, Poland 0.1
= Flag of Poland.svg Gdańsk, Poland 0.1
= Flag of Poland.svg Katowice, Poland 0.1

Freedom and governance-related rankings

There are many indices available on issues such as corruption, development, and freedom.

Freedom of the press

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  Denmark 1
=  Finland =
=  Ireland =
=  Sweden =
5  Estonia 6
6  Netherlands 7
7  Lithuania 10
8  Belgium 11
=  Malta =
10  Austria 13
=  Latvia =
12  Germany 18
13  Luxembourg 20
=  United Kingdom =
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
15  Czech Republic 24
16  Cyprus 25
=  Hungary =
18  Portugal 30
19  Greece 35
20  Poland 37
=  Slovenia =
22  France 43
23  Slovakia 44
=  Spain =
25  Italy 49
26  Romania 50
27  Bulgaria 68

Reporters sans frontières conducts an annual survey on the freedom of the press and produces scores (not shown here) for each country. In 2009, Denmark, Finland, Ireland and Sweden were jointly proclaimed as having the freest press in the European Union, and indeed the world, with a score of 0.00 (the highest possible score). Bulgaria was ranked as having the least free press, with a score of 15.61.

There is no data available for Malta, and hence it is not included in the statistics.

Economic freedom

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  Ireland 3
2  Denmark 8
3  United Kingdom 10
4  Netherlands 12
5  Estonia 13
6  Luxembourg 15
7  Finland 17
8  Belgium 20
9  Austria 23
10  Cyprus 24
11  Germany 25
12  Sweden 26
13  Spain 29
14  Lithuania 30
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
15  Slovakia 36
16  Czech Republic 37
17  Hungary 44
18  Latvia 45
19  Malta 47
20  Portugal 53
21  Bulgaria 56
22  France 64
23  Romania 65
24  Slovenia 68
25  Italy 76
26  Greece 81
27  Poland 82

An index of Economic Freedom is produced by the Wall Street Journal and the Heritage Foundation. It uses 50 different variables to compile the survey, in areas such as trade policy and government intervention. Ireland ranks highest amongst EU nations in terms of these variables.

A similar index produced by the World Economic Forum is its Global Competitiveness Index.

Source: 2009 Index of Economic Freedom.

Colour Codes
Free
Mostly Free
Moderately Free
Mostly Unfree

Perception of corruption

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  Denmark 2
2  Sweden =3
3  Finland =6
=  Netherlands =6
5  Luxembourg =12
6  Germany =14
=  Ireland =14
8  Austria =16
9  United Kingdom =17
10  Belgium 21
11  France 24
12  Cyprus =27
=  Estonia =27
=  Slovenia =27
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
15  Spain =32
16  Portugal =35
17  Malta 45
18  Hungary =46
19  Poland =49
20  Czech Republic =52
=  Lithuania =52
22  Latvia =56
=  Slovakia =56
24  Italy =63
25  Bulgaria =71
=  Greece =71
=  Romania =71

Transparency International is an international NGO publishing an annual Global Corruption Report indicating the perception of corruption around the world. The rankings of the table refer to the Corruption Perceptions Index 2009.

Human development

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  Ireland 5
2  Netherlands 6
3  Sweden 7
4  France 8
5  Luxembourg 11
6  Finland 12
7  Austria 14
8  Spain 15
9  Denmark 16
10  Belgium 17
11  Italy 18
12  United Kingdom 21
13  Germany 22
14  Greece 25
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
15  Slovenia 29
16  Cyprus 32
17  Portugal 34
18  Czech Republic 36
19  Malta 38
20  Estonia 40
21  Poland 41
22  Slovakia 42
23  Hungary 43
24  Lithuania 46
25  Latvia 48
26  Bulgaria 61
27  Romania 63

The Human Development Index is a measure produced by the United Nations which covers three aspects of human development:

The rankings of the table refer to the UNDP Human Development Report 2009 (2007 data). The UN lists all 27 EU member states as countries with high human development.

Income equality

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  Denmark 2
2  Sweden 4
3  Czech Republic 5
4  Slovakia 6
5  Hungary 10
=  Finland 10
7  Germany 14
8  Slovenia 15
9  Austria 18
10  Bulgaria 19
11  Netherlands 25
12  Romania 26
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
13  France 32
14  Belgium 33
15  Ireland 40
=  Greece 40
17  Poland 44
18  Spain 47
19  Estonia 50
20  Lithuania 51
=  Italy 51
=  United Kingdom 51
23  Latvia 57
24  Portugal 59

Income inequality, measured by the gini coefficient is how evenly incomes are distributed through the population. Denmark has the least income inequality with a gini coefficient score of 24.4, whilst Portugal has the most income inequality with a score of 38.5. Malta, Luxembourg, and Cyprus have no statistics available, and so are not included in this table. These statistics have been compiled by the United Nations (see [5])

Ease of doing business

EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
1  United Kingdom 5
2  Denmark 6
3  Ireland 7
4  Finland 16
5  Sweden 18
6  Belgium 22
7  Estonia 24
8  Germany 25
9  Lithuania 26
10  Latvia 27
11  Austria 28
12  Netherlands 30
13  France 31
EU
Rank
Member State Global
Rank
14  Cyprus 40
15  Slovakia 42
16  Bulgaria 44
17  Hungary 47
18  Portugal 48
19  Slovenia 53
20  Romania 55
21  Spain 62
22  Luxembourg 64
23  Poland 72
24  Czech Republic 74
25  Italy 78
26  Greece 109

The Ease of Doing Business Index is created by the World Bank and based on the study of laws and regulations, with the input and verification by more than 3,500 government officials, lawyers, business consultants, accountants and other professionals who routinely advise on or administer legal and regulatory requirements.

The data in the table are from the 2010 report.

See also

Sources

External links

References

  1. ^ "Total Population as of 01.01.06", EUROSTAT. Retrieved 12 November 2006.
  2. ^ "The EU's baby blues", BBC News, 27 March 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2006.
  3. ^ "France claims EU fertility crown ", BBC News, 16 January 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2007.
  4. ^ Figures for France include the four overseas departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Réunion) which are integral parts of the European Union, but do not include the overseas collectivities and territories, which are not part of the European Union. Figures for Metropolitan France proper are: population 63.6 million, area 551 695 km², and population density 113/km².

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