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European United Left–Nordic Green Left
European Parliament group
Logo gue-ngl.png
EUL/NGL logo
Name European United Left–Nordic Green Left
English abbr. EUL/NGL[1]
French abbr. GUE/NGL[2][3]
Formal name Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left[2][4][5]
Ideology Socialism, Eco-socialism, Communism
European parties Party of the European Left
Associated organisations Nordic Green Left Alliance
From 6 January 1995[6]
To n/a
Preceded by European United Left (1994–1995)
Succeeded by n/a
Chaired by Alonso José Puerta (1999-2004),[5]

Francis Wurtz (2004-2009)

Lothar Bisky (2009-)
MEP(s) 42 (July 20, 1999),
41 (July 20, 2004)
35 (July 20, 2009)
Website http://www.guengl.eu

European United Left–Nordic Green Left (EUL-NGL) is a left-wing political group with seats in the European Parliament since 1995.

Contents

Position

According its 1994 constituent declaration, the group is opposed to the present European political structure, but committed to integration.[7] That declaration sets out three aims for the construction of another Europe: the total change of institutions to make them "fully democratic"; and breaking with "neo-liberal monetarist policies"; and a policy of co-development and equitable cooperation. The group wants to disband NATO and "strengthen the OSCE".

The group is ambiguous between reformism and revolution, leaving it up to each party to decide on the manner they deem best suited to achieve these aims. As such, it has simultaneously positioned itself as "insiders" within the European institutions, enabling it to influence the decisions made by co-decision, and as "outsiders" by its willingness to seek "another Union" which would abolish the Maastricht Treaty.

Organisation

The GUE-NGL is a confederal group: it is composed of MEPs from national parties. Those national parties must share common political objectives with the group, as specified in the group's constituent declaration. Nevertheless, those national parties, not the group, retain control of their MEPs. Thus, the Group may be divided on certain issues.

Members of the group meet regularly to prepare for meetings, debate on policies and vote on resolutions. The group also publishes reports on various topics.[citation needed]

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Membership

MEPs may be full or associate members.

  • Full members must accept the constitutional declaration of the Group.
  • Associate members need not fully do so but may sit with the full members.

National parties may be full or associate members.

  • Full member parties must accept the constitutional declaration of the Group.
  • Associate member parties may include parties that do not have MEPs (e.g. French Trotskyist parties which did not get elected in the 2004 European elections), are from states that are not part of the European Union, or do not wish to be full members.

Subgroups

It combines the European United Left subgroup (which consists of a core of parties that are in the Party of the European Left and a periphery of unaffiliated leftist parties) and the Nordic Green Left subgroup consisting of MEPs from the Nordic Green Left Alliance parties of Sweden and Finland.

Member parties

Country Electoral Group National Party MEPs MEPs
 Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People² 2 Takis Hadjigeorgiou
Kyriacos Triantaphyllides
 Czech Republic Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia² 4 Jaromír Kohlíček
Jiří Maštálka
Miloslav Ransdorf
Vladimír Remek
 Denmark People's Movement against the EU Red-Green Alliance² 1 Søren Søndergaard
 France Left Front French Communist Party1 2 Jacky Hénin
Patrick Le Hyaric
Left Party1 1 Jean-Luc Mélenchon
Communist Party of Réunion 1 Élie Hoarau
Independent 1 Marie-Christine Vergiat
 Germany The Left1 8 Lothar Bisky
Cornelia Ernst
Thomas Händel
Jürgen Klute
Sabine Lösing
Helmut Scholz
Sabine Wils
Gabriele Zimmer
 Greece Communist Party of Greece 2 Charalampos Angourakis
Giorgos Toussas
Coalition of the Radical Left Synaspismós1 1 Nikolaos Chountis
 Ireland Socialist Party 1 Joe Higgins
 Latvia Harmony Centre Socialist Party of Latvia 1 Alfrēds Rubiks
 Netherlands Socialist Party 2 Dennis de Jong
Kartika Liotard
 Portugal Left Bloc1 3 Marisa Matias
Miguel Portas
Rui Tavares
Democratic Unity Coalition Portuguese Communist Party 2 João Ferreira
Ilda Figueiredo
 Spain United Left1 Communist Party of Spain1 1 Willy Meyer Pleite
 Sweden Left Party³ 1 Eva-Britt Svensson
 United Kingdom Sinn Féin 1 Bairbre de Brún

Notes

History

In 1995, the enlargement of the European Union led to the creation of the Nordic Green Left group of parties. The Nordic Green Left merged with the Confederal Group of the European United Left on 6 January 1995,[6] forming the Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left.[2][4][5] It consisted of MEPs from the Finnish Left Alliance, Swedish Left Party, the Danish Socialist People's Party, United Left of Spain (including the Spanish Communist Party), the Greek Synaspismos, the French Communist Party, Portuguese Communist Party, the Communist Party of Greece, and the Communist Refoundation Party of Italy.

In 1999, the German Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) and the Greek Democratic Social Movement (DIKKI) joined as full members, while the five MEPs elected from the list of the French Trotskyist alliance LO-LCR joined as associate members.

In 2002, four MEPs from the French Citizen and Republican Movement‎ also joined the group.

In 2004, no MEPs were elected from LO-LCR and DIKKI was dissolved. MEPs from the Portuguese Left Bloc, the Irish Sinn Féin, the Cypriot Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL) and the Czech Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia joined the group.

Sources

References


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