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Eurovision Song Contest 1994
ESC 1994 logo.png
Final 30 April 1994
Presenter(s) Cynthia Ní Mhurchú
Gerry Ryan
Conductor Noel Kelehan
Host broadcaster Republic of Ireland RTÉ
Venue Point Theatre
Dublin, Ireland
Winning song  Ireland
"Rock 'n' Roll Kids"
Voting system
Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs
Number of entries 25
Debuting countries  Estonia
 Hungary
 Lithuania
 Poland
 Romania
 Russia
 Slovakia
Returning countries None
Withdrawing countries  Belgium
 Denmark
 Israel
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Slovenia
 Turkey
Nul points  Lithuania
Interval act Riverdance
Eurovision Song Contest
◄1993    Wiki Eurovision Heart (Infobox).svg    1995►

The Eurovision Song Contest 1994 was the 39th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 30 April 1994 in the Point Theatre in Dublin, Ireland. The presenters were Cynthia Ní Mhurchú and Gerry Ryan. The pair hosted the evening in French, English and Irish. Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan from Ireland were the winners of this Eurovision with the song, Rock 'N' Roll Kids. This was a record sixth victory for Ireland, giving it the outright record number of victories at the Eurovision Song Contest.

The contest opened with a brief film of stars floating in water, fireworks and caricatures dancing around, drinking coffee and biking. The cameras then went live to the venue itself, where dancers dressed in white and wearing caricatured heads of well-known Irish figures, arrived on stage carrying European countries’ flags. The presenters entered the stage spectacularly from a bridge which descended from the roof of the theatre. This year’s video postcards had a literary theme, showing contestants reading, fishing and doing other activities around Ireland. The stage, by Paula Farrell, was four times larger than the Millstreet stage, and its design which included a city scene of skyscrapers and video screens plus a backdrop of an ever changing nightsky was based upon the concept of what a futuristic Dublin might look like with one remaining constant being the river Liffey. Indeed, the floor was painted with a dark blue reflective paint to give a watery effect.

To cope with the increasing number of countries wishing to participate in the contest, for 1994 the European Broadcasting Union ruled that the five lowest-placed countries from the preceding year's contest would not participate. This meant that Belgium, Denmark, Israel, Slovenia and Turkey did not participate this year opening spaces for the overwhelming amount of new countries. This contest also saw Luxembourg withdraw from Eurovision indefinitely. Because Italy and Luxembourg withdrew voluntarily, the bottom 6 of the 1993 Contest were actually relegated.

Poland took part for the first time and caused a scandal when Edyta Górniak broke the rules by singing her song in English during the dress rehearsal (which is shown to the juries who selected the winner until 1997). Only six countries demanded that Poland should be disqualified, though the rules required 13 countries to complain before Poland could be removed from the competition. The proposed removal did not occur and Poland went on to come 2nd in the contest.

When the voting started, Hungary took the lead from the first six juries and was well ahead of all the other countries. However, Ireland powered their way through the score board ending up the winners with a 60 point lead on second placed Poland.

The interval act was the first ever performance of the Irish dancing spectacular Riverdance, featuring Michael Flatley and Jean Butler. Although the costs of producing the 1994 contest was only half of what the previous year cost, the success of Riverdance ensured that is was by far the most commercially successful Eurovision ever.

Contents

Individual Entries

Results

Draw Country Language Artist Song English translation Place Points
01  Sweden Swedish Marie Bergman and Roger Pontare "Stjärnorna" The stars 13 48
02  Finland Finnish CatCat "Bye Bye Baby" 22 11
03  Ireland English Paul Harrington and
Charlie McGettigan
"Rock 'n' Roll Kids" 1 226
04  Cyprus Greek Evridiki "Eimai Anthropos Ki Ego"
(Είμαι άνθρωπος κι εγώ)
I'm a person too 11 51
05  Iceland Icelandic Sigga "Nætur" Nights 12 49
06  United Kingdom English Frances Ruffelle "We Will Be Free (Lonely Symphony)" 10 63
07  Croatia Croatian Tony Cetinski "Nek' ti bude ljubav sva" You may have all the love 16 27
08  Portugal Portuguese Sara Tavares "Chamar a música" Call the music 8 73
09  Switzerland Italian Duilio "Sto pregando" I'm praying 19 15
10  Estonia Estonian Silvi Vrait "Nagu merelaine" Like a seawave 24 2
11  Romania Romanian Dan Bittman "Dincolo de nori" Beyond the clouds 21 14
12  Malta English Chris and Moira "More than Love" 5 97
13  Netherlands Dutch Willeke Alberti "Waar is de zon?" Where is the sun? 23 4
14  Germany German MeKaDo "Wir geben 'ne Party" We're giving a party 3 128
15  Slovakia Slovak Tublatanka "Nekonečná pieseň" Neverending song 19 15
16  Lithuania Lithuanian Ovidijus Vyšniauskas "Lopšinė mylimai" Lullaby for my beloved 25 0
17  Norway Norwegian Elisabeth Andreassen and
Jan Werner Danielsen
"Duett" Duet 6 76
18  Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian Alma and Dejan "Ostani kraj mene" Stay beside me 15 39
19  Greece Greek Kostas Bigalis and
The Sea Lovers
"To Trehandiri" (Το tρεχαντήρι) The trehandiri 14 44
20  Austria German Petra Frey "Für den Frieden der Welt" For the peace of the world 17 19
21  Spain Spanish Alejandro Abad "Ella no es ella" She's not her 18 17
22  Hungary Hungarian Friderika Bayer "Kinek mondjam el vétkeimet?" Whom can I tell my sins? 4 122
23  Russia Russian Youddiph "Vyechniy stranik" (Вечный странник) Eternal wanderer 9 70
24  Poland Polish Edyta Górniak "To nie ja!" That's not me! 2 166
25  France French Nina Morato "Je suis un vrai garçon" I'm a real boy 7 74

Voting structure

Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points for their top ten songs.

With advances in technology, this was the first contest in which the spokesperson for each national jury appeared on-screen, live from their own countries.

In the early stages of the voting it looked as if Hungary was surging to victory in its first-ever Eurovision appearance, winning the maximum twelve points from the first three juries. However, this turned out to be completely deceptive, as from that point on it was virtually one-way traffic for Ireland, which became the first country to win the contest for a third year in succession.

Score sheet

Results
Total Score Sweden Finland Ireland Cyprus Iceland United Kingdom Croatia Portugal Switzerland Estonia Romania Malta Netherlands Germany Slovakia Lithuania Norway Bosnia and Herzegovina Greece Austria Spain Hungary Russia Poland France
Contestants Sweden 48 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 7 2 0 3 6 5 0 5 10 0 0 5 1 2 0 0 0
Finland 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ireland 226 10 7 8 12 10 12 12 12 10 8 5 12 12 6 10 12 10 0 10 10 10 12 8 8
Cyprus 51 0 10 0 3 0 0 5 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 12 0 4 0 2 5 3
Iceland 49 8 1 6 0 6 0 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 3 6 0 1 4 4
United Kingdom 63 0 0 1 5 0 6 8 8 5 0 0 2 4 3 0 2 4 0 1 3 3 5 3 0
Croatia 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 12 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
Portugal 73 5 5 8 0 8 8 0 5 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 7 4 1 6
Switzerland 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 5
Estonia 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Romania 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 2 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malta 97 4 6 10 2 0 1 7 4 6 7 10 1 3 10 7 0 12 7 0 0 0 0 0 0
Netherlands 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0
Germany 128 6 3 5 6 7 7 10 10 0 3 12 0 4 7 4 1 7 0 2 8 12 7 7 0
Slovakia 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuania 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norway 76 7 0 3 10 1 4 3 0 1 8 4 0 7 2 0 1 6 1 0 5 5 8 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 39 0 2 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 7 1 0 0 10
Greece 44 2 4 0 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 4 0 1 5 0 4 0 0 0 4 0 2 0
Austria 19 1 0 0 7 0 3 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0
Spain 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 0 2
Hungary 122 12 12 12 0 10 2 5 1 4 4 2 0 10 7 0 0 8 3 0 8 0 3 12 7
Russia 70 0 0 4 3 4 5 1 2 0 1 3 0 5 6 0 6 3 0 4 6 0 6 10 1
Poland 166 0 8 7 1 6 12 8 7 10 12 7 2 8 10 4 12 6 8 0 12 0 8 6 12
France 74 3 0 2 4 5 0 0 6 0 6 0 0 0 8 0 8 7 2 0 7 0 0 10 6

12 points

Below is a summary of all 12 point in the final:

N. Recipient nation Voting nation
8 Ireland Croatia, Germany, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Switzerland
5 Poland Austria, Estonia, France, Lithuania, United Kingdom
4 Hungary Ireland, Finland, Poland, Sweden
2 Germany Hungary, Romania
1 Croatia Slovakia
Cyprus Greece
Greece Cyprus
Malta Bosnia and Herzegovina
Portugal Spain
Slovakia Malta

Returning artists

Artist Country Previous Year(s)
Marie Bergman  Sweden 1971 & 1972 (part of Family Four)
Evridiki  Cyprus 1992
Sigga  Iceland 1990 (part of Stjórnin), 1992 (part of Heart 2 Heart)
Elisabeth Andreassen  Norway 1982 (for Sweden, part of Chips)
1985 (part of Bobbysocks!)

Commentators

  • Sweden - Pekka Heino
  • Finland - Erkki Pohjanheimo & Kirsi-Maria Niemi
  • Ireland - Pat Kenny
  • Cyprus - Evi Papamichail
  • Iceland - Jakob Frímann Magnússon
  • United Kingdom - Terry Wogan (BBC TV), Ken Bruce (BBC Radio 2)
  • Croatia - Aleksandar Kostadinov
  • Portugal - Eládio Climaco
  • Switzerland - TBC (SRG), Ivan Frésard (SSR), TBC (TSI)
  • Estonia - Guido Kangur
  • Romania - TBC
  • Malta - TBC
  • Netherlands - Willem van Beusekom
  • Germany - Jan Hofer
  • Slovakia - TBC
  • Lithuania - Darius Užkuraitis
  • Norway - Jostein Pedersen
  • Bosnia & Herzegovina - Ismeta Krvavac
  • Greece - Dafni Bokota
  • Austria - Ernst Grissemann
  • Spain - José Luis Uribarri
  • Hungary - Gábor Gundel Takács
  • Russia - Vadim Dolgachev
  • Poland - Artur Orzech
  • France - Patrice Laffont

Spokespersons

  • Sweden - Marianne Anderberg
  • Finland - Solveig Herlin
  • Ireland - Eileen Dunne
  • Cyprus - Aliki Fereou
  • Iceland - Sigríður Arnardóttir
  • United Kingdom - Colin Berry
  • Croatia - Helga Vlahović
  • Portugal - Isabel Bahia
  • Switzerland - Sandra Simó
  • Estonia - Urve Tiidus
  • Romania - Cristina Modreanu
  • Malta - John Demanuele
  • Netherlands - Joop van Os
  • Germany - Carmen Nebel
  • Slovakia - Juraj Čurný
  • Lithuania - Gitana Balsytė
  • Norway - Sverre Kristoffersen
  • Bosnia & Herzegovina - Diana Grković Foretić
  • Greece - Fotini Yiannoulatou
  • Austria - Tilia Herold
  • Spain - María Ángeles Balañac
  • Hungary - Iván Darvas
  • Russia - Arina Sharapova
  • Poland - Jan Chojnacki
  • France - Laurent Romejko

References

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