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.Euthanasia (from the Greek ευθανασία meaning "good death": ευ-, eu- (well or good) + θάνατος, thanatos (death)) refers to the practice of ending a life in a painless manner.^ The word actually refers to two greek words, eu and thanatos, which means good death.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Euthanasia literally means good death.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The word euthanasia comes from the Greek, eu , which means good or well, and the Greek word for death, thanatos .

According to the House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics, the precise definition of euthanasia is "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering".[1]

Contents

Classification of euthanasia

Voluntary euthanasia

.Euthanasia conducted with consent is termed voluntary euthanasia.^ In ancient times, voluntary euthanasia connoted a concern for the human state of mind, and genuine concern to end a patient's suffering, thus the term good death.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The important terms that help to subdivide and classify euthanasia by type are voluntary/involuntary and active/passive.
  • The Ethics of Euthanasia 19 November 2009 19:31 UTC www.quantonics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Voluntary euthanasia is a death performed by another with the consent of the person being killed.
  • The Ethics of Euthanasia 19 November 2009 19:31 UTC www.quantonics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Involuntary euthanasia

.Euthanasia conducted without consent is termed involuntary euthanasia.^ Voluntary euthanasia occurs when the individual chooses to die; nonvoluntary euthanasia occurs when the individuals death is brought about (either actively or passively) without the individuals choosing to die; involuntary euthanasia occurs when the individuals death is brought about against the individuals wishes.

^ Active involuntary euthanasia, on the other hand, is clearly undesirabletantamount to murder, we might say without much exaggeration.

^ The term euthanasia is derived from the greek terms eu meaning "good" and thanatos meaning "death."2 A "good death" would be one that occurs without pain and distress.
  • 1993 Report of the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Involuntary euthanasia is conducted where an individual makes a decision for another person incapable of doing so.^ This is a personal decision for the patient to make.
  • Physician Assisted Suicide:Supreme Court Decision 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In Oregon the patient must self-administer the medication(s), which is another protection against involuntary euthanasia.

^ Voluntary euthanasia occurs when the individual chooses to die; nonvoluntary euthanasia occurs when the individuals death is brought about (either actively or passively) without the individuals choosing to die; involuntary euthanasia occurs when the individuals death is brought about against the individuals wishes.

Active or passive

.Both voluntary and involuntary euthanasia can be conducted passively or actively.^ Active vs Passive Euthanasia .
  • Euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC mindprod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both voluntary and involuntary active euthanasia remain illegal.
  • The Ethics of Euthanasia 19 November 2009 19:31 UTC www.quantonics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Voluntary euthanasia occurs when the individual chooses to die; nonvoluntary euthanasia occurs when the individuals death is brought about (either actively or passively) without the individuals choosing to die; involuntary euthanasia occurs when the individuals death is brought about against the individuals wishes.

.A number of authors consider these terms to be misleading and unhelpful.^ The correct interpretation of these studies requires particular attention to a number of issues that may be confusing or misleading and are outlined here.
  • Euthanasia and Physcian-Assisted Suicide 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hospicecare.com [Source type: Academic]

[1]
Passive euthanasia
.Passive euthanasia entails the withholding of common treatments, such as antibiotics, necessary for the continuance of life.^ "Passive euthanasia involves allowing a patient to die by removing her from artificial life support systems such as respirators and feeding tubes or simply discontinuing medical treatments necessary to sustain life.
  • The Ethics of Euthanasia 19 November 2009 19:31 UTC www.quantonics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gifford); third, because we already risk the practice of abuse by allowing passive euthanasia, and such abuse has not occurred (Newman, p.
  • The Ethics of Euthanasia 19 November 2009 19:31 UTC www.quantonics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The organizations consistently distinguish assisted suicide and euthanasia from the withdrawing or withholding of treatment, and from the provision of palliative treatments or other medical care that risk fatal side effects.
  • When Death is Sought
    Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia in the Medical Context
    3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.health.state.ny.us [Source type: Academic]

.Whether the administration of increasingly necessary, albeit toxic doses of opioid analgesia is regarded as active or passive euthanasia is a matter of moral interpretation, but in order to pacify doctors' consciences, it is usually regarded as a passive measure.^ Active vs Passive Euthanasia .
  • Euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC mindprod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With regard to active euthanasia.

^ In that statement, active euthanasia is condemned not merely as illegal but as contrary to that for which the medical profession stands, whereas passive euthanasia is approved.

[1]
Active euthanasia
.Active euthanasia entails the use of lethal substances or forces to kill and is the most controversial means.^ Lethal medications most commonly used .
  • Euthanasia, assisted suicide, and physician-assisted suicide 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC home.earthlink.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As for active euthanasia, this is the most difficult topic.
  • Physician Assisted Suicide:Supreme Court Decision 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ While the current controversy centers on providing medicines or other means that patients can use to end their lives ( physician-assisted suicide ) I also make a case for physician-administered death ( voluntary active euthanasia ) in which the doctor gives a lethal injection or other medicines that cause death.
  • Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.frontiernet.net [Source type: Original source]

.An individual may use a euthanasia machine to perform active voluntary euthanasia on himself / herself.^ In field circumstances, wildlife biologists generally do not use the term euthanasia, but use terms such as killing, collecting, or harvesting, recognizing that a distress-free death may not be possible.
  • 1993 Report of the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Voluntary euthanasia occurs when the individual chooses to die; nonvoluntary euthanasia occurs when the individuals death is brought about (either actively or passively) without the individuals choosing to die; involuntary euthanasia occurs when the individuals death is brought about against the individuals wishes.

^ On the other hand, on May 20, 1997, Colombia's Constitutional Court legalized voluntary euthanasia for terminally ill people.
  • Washington v. Glucksberg, 117 S.Ct. 2258, 138 L.Ed.2d 772 (1997). 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC supct.law.cornell.edu [Source type: Original source]

References

  1. ^ a b c Harris, NM. (Oct 2001). "The euthanasia debate.". J R Army Med Corps 147 (3): 367–70. PMID 11766225.  

See also


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Euthanasia (literally "good death" in Ancient Greek) refers to the practice of ending a life in a painless manner.^ Euthanasia literally means good death.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A good life is the best preparation for a good death.

^ In human terms, is not euthanasia a preferred and valid alternate to the artificial and selfish attitude of "life at all costs" now generally practiced?...

Sourced

.
  • If the healthy are granted the right to die, gray areas will inevitably arise.^ The New Jersey court relied on the right to privacy because the "right to die" is not expressly granted.
    • Physician Assisted Suicide, Long 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC academic.udayton.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is a very dangerous area to grant the right to terminate life.
    • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One of the most prominent areas of conflict centers around the relationship between the sanctity of life and the right to die.

    .That does not mean that all areas are gray.^ The Church does not expect that excessive and heroic means must be used at all .
    • Suicide & Euthanasia - a Biblical Perspective 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.acu-cell.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our rejection of the objections to legalizing these practices does not mean that the objections cease to function at all.
    • The case for assissted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Many advocates for a "right to die" would also like to see such opportunities expanded to include fully-competent patients with locked-in syndromes, quadriplegias, and other forms of extreme disability, specifically in cases where these victims express an ongoing and rational desire to die, but are physically incapable of ending their own lives.^ People who are suicidal end their lives because they see no value in them.
    • Suicide and the Bible: Euthanasia, Mercy-Killing, Assisted Suicide 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.gospelway.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Many people want to die with dignity.
    • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Assisted suicide is for people in pain who can’t bear to live.
    • Euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC mindprod.com [Source type: Original source]

    .To deny such patients assistance is, to my own thinking, a form of torture by inaction.^ In such cases the right is exercised on the patients behalf by others, who seek either to interpret what the patients own wishes might have been or to serve his or her best interests.

    ^ If I were such a patient, I would rather die with dignity than live, against my wishes, in shame, pain, or sorrow; especially when the end is imminent.
    • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The patient's right to die would be violated and I think it's not right for a doctor to deny a patient's wishes.
    • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.
  • If the healthy are granted the right to die, gray areas will inevitably arise.^ The New Jersey court relied on the right to privacy because the "right to die" is not expressly granted.
    • Physician Assisted Suicide, Long 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC academic.udayton.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is a very dangerous area to grant the right to terminate life.
    • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One of the most prominent areas of conflict centers around the relationship between the sanctity of life and the right to die.

    .That does not mean that all areas are gray.^ The Church does not expect that excessive and heroic means must be used at all .
    • Suicide & Euthanasia - a Biblical Perspective 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.acu-cell.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our rejection of the objections to legalizing these practices does not mean that the objections cease to function at all.
    • The case for assissted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Mercy killing is not a problem.^ July 29, 2009 at 11:16 AM .
    • Euthanasia? - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 19 November 2009 19:31 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Humanists and other people who defend abortion and mercy killing often defend suicide.
    • Suicide and the Bible: Euthanasia, Mercy-Killing, Assisted Suicide 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.gospelway.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ An Oregon man has killed his disabled wife in a test of the one-of-a-kind state law that allows assisted suicide there.
    • Jill Stanek - Euthanasia archives 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.jillstanek.com [Source type: General]

    It is a symptom. .
  • I believe often that death is good medical treatment because it can achieve what all the medical advances and technology cannot achieve today, and that is stop the suffering of the patient.^ Throughout all of modern history, laws have prohibited mercy killing.

    ^ Doctors who perform "mercy killings" are only trying to stop the patients suffering.
    • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The history of the law's treatment of assisted suicide in this country has been and continues to be one of the rejection of nearly all efforts to permit it.
    • Washington v. Glucksberg, 117 S.Ct. 2258, 138 L.Ed.2d 772 (1997). 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC supct.law.cornell.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Assisted Suicide: Washington et al v. Glucksberg et al (1997) 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.nationalcenter.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • All our knowledge merely helps us to die a more painful death than the animals that know nothing.^ I personally think we have always been more humane to our animals than our humans.
    • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Death is more dignified than life!
    • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The worry that a patient might die sooner than technologically necessary would be actively balanced by anxiety that a patient might die later than was compatible with a peaceful death.

    .A day will come when science will turn upon its error and no longer hesitate to shorten our woes.^ Second, our society tends to value work, and the elderly are often retired and no longer able to be productive.

    ^ Now, when I can no longer participate in decisions about my medical care, I am content to continue to be dependent upon his (her) love and care.
    • Let's Get Together, Inc. - Assisted Suicide/Euthanasia 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.lgtinc.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In everywhere except Oregon and the Netherlands, a patient’s right to die comes only after they are no longer capable of making their own decisions.

    .A day will come when it will dare and act with certainty; when life, grown wiser, will depart silently at its hour, knowing that it has reached its term.^ Or read about the dangerous campaign by assisted suicide proponents for so-called " End-of-Life-Care / Patients Right to Know Acts ."
    • DREDF | Assisted Suicide 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.dredf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Nazis destroyed “life unworthy of life” (lebensunwertes Leben) as they termed it, not as an act of mercy, but as part of a strategy to murder that part of the population least able to defend itself.

    ^ The day I left Jennifer Cowart at the hospital and was driving back to Pensacola I thought it was unconscionable that the medical community cavalierly acted to attempt to prolong Jennifer’s life.
    • PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE:   LEGALITY AND MORALITY | Florida Personal Injury Lawyers | Pensacola Product Liability Attorneys - Levin Papantonio Law Firm 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.levinlaw.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Maurice Maeterlinck, Our Eternity; reported in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th ed.^ Bartlett, John, Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations pg.
      • PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE:   LEGALITY AND MORALITY | Florida Personal Injury Lawyers | Pensacola Product Liability Attorneys - Levin Papantonio Law Firm 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.levinlaw.com [Source type: Original source]

      .(1919)
  • Death is a punishment to some, to others a gift, and to many a favor.^ Many people want, and badly want, to be rid of others, and the deaths of those persons could be brought about under the cover of voluntary euthanasia.
    • The case for assissted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As with many other procedures involving animals, some methods of euthanasia require physical handling of the animal.
    • 1993 Report of the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ WHEN DEATH IS SOUGHT Many who favor legalizing physician-assisted suicide see little distinction between assisted suicide and euthanasia.
    • When Death is Sought
      Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia in the Medical Context
      3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.health.state.ny.us [Source type: Academic]

    .
    • Seneca[citation needed]
  • A perfect world: Forbid voluntary euthanasia to people in the final stage of incurable illness because life is sacred and untouchable, but touch and desecrate the life of thousands and millions of healthy, capable people by sending them to war, where they will be killed or maimed, to then subject the on purpose produced disabled to the prohibition of applying voluntary euthanasia.^ Life is sacred and killing is wrong .
    • The case for assissted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Life is sacred and killing is wrong.
    • The case for assissted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The states that stand to benefit the most are ALL red states, because they have the MOST uninsured (Texas led the pack with nearly 26% of the population having absolutely no insurance), and because their people are the least healthy.
    • Euthanasia? - Ben Smith - POLITICO.com 19 November 2009 19:31 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

    • Manfred F. Schieder [1]

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

.NYT Katrina Memorial Medical Center--JohnOrlando 18:30, 4 September 2009 (UTC) As the floodwaters were rising in New Orleans, a doctor and some nurses at a medical center in New Orleans killed 17 patients.^ Patients have a "duty to die" and doctors have a "duty to kill".
  • Euthanasia, assisted suicide, and physician-assisted suicide 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC home.earthlink.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A patient can't force their doctor to kill them.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, what if you euthanize a patient and the very next day, a cure or even a new medicine which could alleviate some of the suffering is discovered?
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Can the AMA justify calling them "heroes" for participating in non-voluntary euthanasia while at the same time condemning voluntary euthanasia?^ Non-voluntary euthanasia .
  • Euthanasia and Physcian-Assisted Suicide 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hospicecare.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Decriminalisation of voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide has led to non-voluntary euthanasia, euthanasia for those not terminally ill, and euthanasia for patients without physical illness.
  • Euthanasia and Physcian-Assisted Suicide 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hospicecare.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But if we are not, our task is find some version of the sanctity of life principle which will allow instances of killing we want to allow, while at the same time excluding assisted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia.  However, this is not easy to do.
  • The case for assissted suicide and active voluntary euthanasia 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.near-death.com [Source type: Original source]

.Take a look at the article about the incident in the New York Times.^ AM PST · by abb · 22 replies · 693+ views The New York Times ^ .
  • Keyword: euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "'Mercy Death' Law Ready for Albany," New York Times , February 14, 1939.
  • InternationalTaskForce.org - Assisted Suicide: Not for Adults Only 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.internationaltaskforce.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Sanction is Sought for 'Mercy Deaths,'" New York Times , January 17, 1938.
  • InternationalTaskForce.org - Assisted Suicide: Not for Adults Only 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.internationaltaskforce.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Washington State Death with Dignity Law Update--JohnOrlando 12:13, 9 September 2009 (UTC) Initiative 1000 went into effect in March, 2009. As of August, 2009, the state reports that 16 people were issued drugs for death who eventually died.^ Death, Dying and the Law (1996) 83.
  • InternationalTaskForce.org - Assisted Suicide: Not for Adults Only 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.internationaltaskforce.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ethical Issues in Death and Dying , ed.

^ August 12, 2009 3:52 AM .
  • Debunking The GOP's Phony Euthanasia Myth -- Since Politico Won't | TPMMuckraker 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One organization said that 5 of those people died of natural causes, meaning that 11 people used the law in six months.^ Perhaps she died of natural causes after all.

^ Only one in six people is accepted.
  • Euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC mindprod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He dies his own death from causes that it is no longer merciful or reasonable to fight by means of possible medical interventions."
  • When Death is Sought
    Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia in the Medical Context
    3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.health.state.ny.us [Source type: Academic]

.Suicide Death Sean Paz sent me this very interesting article from England about a group of doctors that allowed a woman to die at her request.^ There are about 4,400 suicides a year in Holland, broadly the same as in England and Wales, even though it has barely a quarter of the population.
  • Euthanasia – Assisted Suicide – Right-to-Die « Windsor Humanist Society 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC humanists.wordpress.com [Source type: News]

^ The woman had recently suffered a bitter divorce and the deaths of her two children, one from cancer, the other from suicide{32}.
  • The Movie "One True Thing" and Euthanasia 19 November 2009 19:31 UTC www.leaderu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus it would be assisted suicide if a person swallows an overdose of drugs that has been provided by a doctor for the purpose of causing death.

.This in itself is not interesting; it's widely accepted that a competent patient should be allowed to refuse even life-saving medical treatment.^ The right to refuse medical treatment, even if that refusal would result in death.
  • Euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC mindprod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Quality of life should be as high a priority to the medical practioners as it is to a patient.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I also have no objection to patients refusing life sustaining or saving treatment if the reason is sufficient.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.What makes this case interesting is the reason for her death; the woman drank an overdose in order to kill herself, and left a note asking doctors not to save her.^ But that is not a reason for doctors to hasten death.

^ Thus it would be assisted suicide if a person swallows an overdose of drugs that has been provided by a doctor for the purpose of causing death.

^ In unreported cases, the reason for euthanasia was often 'unnecessary suffering' as judged by the doctor himself (van der Wal et al, 1992a; Twycross, 1996).
  • Euthanasia and Physcian-Assisted Suicide 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.hospicecare.com [Source type: Academic]

.This is the first time I know of where an otherwise heathly patient has been allowed to die from suicide.^ But when everybody knows that the patient will inevitably die, it's not good to make the agony longer.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When you recieve assisted suicide, you know when that time will come.
  • Physician Assisted Suicide:Supreme Court Decision 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If the person knows they are going to have a chance of going into a coma then they should sign a policy saying they would like to die after a period of time.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The question is: Is this situation akin to a DNR order on an elderly patient, which we think is morally permissibe?^ If they think euthanasia is morally wrong then they shouldn't do it but they should suggest a doctor who could do it because it is the patients right or the patients family's right to decide to do it or not.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, refusing to accept the reliability of patient reports as trustworthy, in order to further this claim, represents a blatant disregard for the moral agency of terminally ill patients.
  • Maggie Airncliffe Quality of Mercy 25 September 2009 6:14 UTC www.carleton.ca [Source type: Original source]

^ Our congress has become against this subject, thinking about the legal subject of the matter, and failing to feel for the patient, ignoring the ethical and moral part all together.
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In other words, is there a morally relevent difference between this case and morally permissibe cases of allowing a patient to die?^ In any case, big difference between that and euthanasia.
  • Debunking The GOP's Phony Euthanasia Myth -- Since Politico Won't | TPMMuckraker 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no reason why a patient can't find another doctor or pharmacist on their own if their own provider objects on moral grounds.
  • Euthanasia, assisted suicide, and physician-assisted suicide 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC home.earthlink.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the other hand, there would be the duty to relieve the patient's suffering.

Terminal Sedation Interesting article on the ethics of terminal sedation
.End of Life Comfort A NYT article on Palliative Care.^ Weighing Medical Costs of End-of-Life Care (Money, Death Panels and The Duty to Die) .
  • Keyword: euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The goal of palliative care is the achievement of the best quality of life for patients and families.
  • Assisted Suicide and the Quality of Life of Persons with Disabilities 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.ncccusa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These consultations include "an explanation by the practitioner of the continuum of end-of-life services and supports available, including palliative care and hospice, and benefits for such services and supports that are available under this title."
  • Debunking The GOP's Phony Euthanasia Myth -- Since Politico Won't | TPMMuckraker 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

 
Euthanasia
by John Cowper Powys
Published in Mandragora (1917)
[ 118 ]
. OUT of a world of pain,
  In a trance that may well be death,
I drift on a barge thro' the fields again
   Wherein I first drew breath.
^ In field circumstances, wildlife biologists generally do not use the term euthanasia, but use terms such as killing, collecting, or harvesting, recognizing that a distress-free death may not be possible.
  • 1993 Report of the AVMA Panel on Euthanasia 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nal.usda.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ It further states that pain, suffering and death may be the consequence of human oppression and human evil which God asks us to resist.
  • Assisted Suicide and the Quality of Life of Persons with Disabilities 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.ncccusa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most people who consider suicide are not near death, are not in immediate physical pain, and may not even have a terminal illness.
  • Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.frontiernet.net [Source type: Original source]


.And the river cools my face
   And the river-scented flowers,
Water-mint and tall loose-strife
   Bring me memories deep as life
From all my vanished hours,
   And a white wraith-figure of you —
White arms, white hands, white breast —
   Drifts by my side, and alone we two
Drink of the river of rest.
^ Having seen more suffering than I am willing to bear (yes, I am a coward and you are superman, but I am discussing my life) I have made my wishes clear in a living will.
  • Assisted suicide: The worm has turned – Telegraph Blogs 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ I normally love being alone, but here I've not felt so keenly lonely before in my life.

^ Economists can tell you that all the programs that produce "the good life" are dependent on an ever increasing young workforce.


   And the wind sighs in the reeds —
Gently — a little wind —
   And lightly and sadly the gossamer-seeds
Float away o'er the river-meads,
   Blown by that little wind,
And cool airs touch our faces
   And your wraith-like hollow eyes
Grow soft with the leafy places,
   And the low-breathed reedy sighs;
And on and on we drift,
   Where the cattle stand in ranks,
And the swallows flit and skim
   Over green and mossy banks;
Till the willows droop like ghosts
   And the twilight fills the plain
[ 119 ]
And the rooks in solemn hosts
   Gather and drift like rain.
.Then at last I feel and know
   That all my memories
As they wavered and flickered in endless flow
   Were premonitions sent long ago
Of nothing else than this!
^ Do we know how they feel?
  • EUTHANASIA 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ They want the last memories of them to be fond memories.
  • PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE:   LEGALITY AND MORALITY | Florida Personal Injury Lawyers | Pensacola Product Liability Attorneys - Levin Papantonio Law Firm 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www.levinlaw.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hans Zimmer, for those in the know, wrote Paperhouse , one of my all-time favorite movie soundtracks.


   Than that .I with you by my side,
Wraith-like but lovely still,
   Should follow the river and drift and glide,
Past forest and forest — past hill and hill;
   Till the river we follow grows one with the sea.
^ More likely, it will be up to me to protect my loved ones.

^ Not only will it be almost impossible to say something like that to someone you love, it will carry with it a heavy load of guilt.

^ A duty to die is more likely when the part of you that is loved will soon be gone or seriously compromised.


Ah, the pain again — it will never be!
PD-icon.svg This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923.
.The author died in 1963, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 30 years or less.^ I had a friend that died of AIDS, more than eight years ago, and if he had decided to end his life I would not have stood in the way of his right to choose.
  • Physician Assisted Suicide:Supreme Court Decision 3 February 2010 14:26 UTC www-hsc.usc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I didn’t assume 30 years ago that Roe VS Wade would erode the “sanctity of life,” I realized it would - and it has.

^ Death"—has for years declined public interviews about his life and the events that led him to be a vehement advocate of doctor-assisted suicide for terminally ill patients.
  • Euthanasia - Lulu.com 8 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 17, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Euthanasia, which are similar to those in the above article.








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