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Evanston, Wyoming
—  City  —
Looking north into Evanston
Motto: Fresh air, freedom and fun[1]
Location of Evanston, Wyoming
Coordinates: 41°15′48″N 110°57′53″W / 41.26333°N 110.96472°W / 41.26333; -110.96472
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Uinta
Area
 - Total 10.3 sq mi (26.6 km2)
 - Land 10.2 sq mi (26.5 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 6,749 ft (2,057 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 11,507
 - Density 1,123.2/sq mi (433.7/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 82930-82931
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-25620[2]
GNIS feature ID 1588345[3]
Website http://www.evanstonwy.org

Evanston is a city in Uinta County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 11,507 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Uinta County.[4]

Contents

Geography

Evanston is located at 41°15′48″N 110°57′53″W / 41.26333°N 110.96472°W / 41.26333; -110.96472 (41.263302, -110.964616).[5] The elevation is 6749 feet (2057 m) above sea level.[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.3 square miles (26.7 km²), of which, 10.2 square miles (26.5 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.39%) is water.

History

Evanston was named after James E. Evans, surveyor for the Union Pacific Railroad. The town was founded during the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad. The railroad arrived in the area in November 1868, and Harvey Booth opened a saloon/restaurant in a tent near what is now Front Street. By December the rails had reached Evanston and the first train arrived December 16. Later a machine shop and roundhouse were constructed, giving Evanston a longevity not shared with many other railroad towns[6].

Abundant timber and water along the Bear River made Evanston a refueling station for cross-country locomotives. Coal was mined a few miles north of Evanston in Almy. Similar to other railroad towns in Wyoming, early Evanston had a large population of Chinese railroad workers- in Evanston they lived on the north side of the railroad tracks in a small "China town." Over time, the Chinese population dwindled, disappearing completely in the 1930s [6].

Evanston was a major stop on the Lincoln Highway. The highway ran east to west from East Service Rd to Bear River Dr, on Front St to Harrison Dr, to Wasatch Rd southwest to Echo Canyon in Utah. It can still be seen along Interstate 80, which follows the railroad tracks in this area.

Evanston underwent massive growth and change during an oil boom in the 1980s. Recent drilling for natural gas has also vitalized the economy of the area. Union Tank Car works on railroad tank cars near the old roundhouse [7] and there are efforts to restore the roundhouse and the railroad historical buildings in the downtown area [8].

Education

Public education in the city of Evanston is provided by Uinta County School District #1. It's the host to two different high schools. Evanston High School has around 800 to 900 students. Horizon High School, has around 75 to 90 students from sixth to twelfth grades.

Evanston Middle School and Davis Middle School are both sixth through eighth grades.

There are four elementary schools- Aspen Elementary, Clark Elementary, North Elementary, and Uinta Meadows Elementary.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 77
1880 1,277 1,558.4%
1890 1,995 56.2%
1900 2,110 5.8%
1910 2,583 22.4%
1920 3,479 34.7%
1930 3,075 −11.6%
1940 3,605 17.2%
1950 3,863 7.2%
1960 4,901 26.9%
1970 4,462 −9.0%
1980 6,265 40.4%
1990 10,903 74.0%
2000 11,507 5.5%
[9]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 11,507 people, 4,058 households, and 2,937 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,123.2 people per square mile (433.9/km²). There were 4,665 housing units at an average density of 455.4/sq mi (175.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.29% White, 0.16% African American, 1.06% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 4.15% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.29% of the population.

There were 4,058 households out of which 44.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,019, and the median income for a family was $47,220. Males had a median income of $35,843 versus $21,710 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,725. About 9.1% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Evanston from Burnt Hill, south of town.
The State Hospital, located in Evanston.

References

External links

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