Evgeny Pavlovich Velikhov (born on February 2, 1935; in Russian: Евгений Велихов) is a physicist and scientific leader in the Russian Federation. His scientific interests include plasma physics, lasers, controlled nuclear fusion, power engineering and magnetohydrodynamics (high-power pulsed MHD generators). He is the author of over 1500 scientific publications and a number of inventions and discoveries.
He currently holds the post of president of the Kurchatov Institute (named for Igor Kurchatov) and first Secretary (head) of the Public Chamber of Russia. He is a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and has been the vice-president of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.
Evgeny Velikhov graduates from the faculty of physics at M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) in 1958, and specializes in theoretical physics. From 1958 till 1961 he studies in graduate school. He then starts to work as a junior researcher at the Institute of Atomic Energy, that will later become the Russian Research Centre (RRC) "Kurchatov Institute". He will make all his scientific career rising through the grades in this famous federal government scientific agency.
From 1971 to 1978, he is director of the Magnetic Laboratory (later known as the TRINITY State Scientific Center), a branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1956, and subdivision of Kurchatov Institute since 1961, at Troitsk, Moscow Oblast.
In 1972 he founds an energy and space plasma research department at Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT, more known as "Phystech"), with a base in this branch of the Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy (KIAE).
In 1975, he organizes another new department at Phystech about the problems of physics and energy, and gets a chair of plasma energy. The next year he is appointed as the first dean of the Faculty of Physics For Energy (FPFE), a R&D department of fusion energy specialized in plasma and high pressure physics, quantum optics, laser and space technologies. Ten years later, in 1986, he is promoted as the scientific director of FPFE.
From 1988 he is named director of Kurchatov Institute and chairman of the international programme (Russia, USA, European Union and Japan) for the creation of the thermonuclear experimental tokamak ITER, and is president of Kurchatov Institute since 1992 until now. In 2009 he was elected Chair of the ITER Council, the governing body of ITER.
He is also president of the joint stock company Rosshelf (Russian offshore development company to develop seafloor-based oil and gas production complex), Gazprom's subsidiary; and co-chairman of Relcom board of directors.
Evgeny Velikhov currently resides in Moscow.
Evgeny Velikhov is well-known in the world scientific and engineering community for his diverse activities, for which he was honored with such titles and ranks as: