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.Evolutionary biology is a sub-field of biology concerned with the origin of species from a common descent and descent of species, as well as their change, multiplication and diversity over time.^ Evolutionary biology is a subfield of biology concerned with the origin and descent of species , as well as their change over time.
  • Theory of evolution - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ "The time has come for biology to go beyond the Doctrine of Common Descent."
  • New Theory of Cell Evolution Rejects Single-Ancestor Doctrine: Scientific American 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.scientificamerican.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was concrete evidence of common evolutionary origin.
  • Ann Coulter's "Flatulent Raccoon Theory" | Media Matters for America 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC mediamatters.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Someone who studies evolutionary biology is known as an evolutionary biologist.^ Consists of an interview with Stephen Jay Gould, paleontologist, zoologist, biologist, and popular writer on evolutionary biology.

^ The study of evolutionary biology began in the mid-nineteenth century, when studies of the fossil record and the diversity of living organisms convinced most scientists that species changed over time.
  • Evolution - Fossil Wiki, the paleontology wiki 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC fossil.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Evolutionary biologists have studied synchronous flashing for 200 years, she said, and it remains a mystery.

To philosopher Kim Sterelny, "the development of evolutionary biology since 1858 is one of the great intellectual achievements of science".[1]

Contents

Description

.Evolutionary biology is an interdisciplinary field because it includes scientists from a wide range of both field and lab oriented disciplines.^ Having taken over a dozen courses covering evolutionary biology at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, I’m a scientific skeptic of neo-Darwinism.
  • CSC - Is "Evolution" a "Theory" or "Fact" or Is This Just a Trivial Game of Semantics? 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.discovery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The "scientist" group would presumably include persons with professional degrees in fields such as computer science, chemical engineering, physics, etc.
  • The Emperor Has No Clothes - Naturalism and The Theory ofEvolution 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.detectingdesign.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is an interdisciplinary field including scientists from many traditional taxonomically -oriented disciplines, including scientists with specialist training in particular organisms, such as mammalogy , ornithology , or herpetology , but who use those organisms to answer general questions in evolution.
  • Evolution - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: Academic]

.For example, it generally includes scientists who may have a specialist training in particular organisms such as mammalogy, ornithology, or herpetology, but use those organisms as case studies to answer general questions in evolution.^ Question & Answer (Small Pets) Have a general pet question?
  • Discuss Pets @ PetLovers.Com 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.petlovers.com [Source type: General]

^ No reputable scientist questions evolution.
  • KGS--A Kansan's Guide to Science--Nature of Science, Evolution 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.kgs.ku.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A scientist who studies plants.
  • THEORY OF EVOLUTION 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.churches.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It also generally includes paleontologists and geologists who use fossils to answer questions about the tempo and mode of evolution, as well as theoreticians in areas such as population genetics and evolutionary psychology.^ Biological evolution is genetic change in a population from one generation to another.
  • Early Theories of Evolution: Evidence of Evolution 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC anthro.palomar.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He raises questions about evolution to which he seeks answers.
  • The Social Affairs Unit - Web Review: The Theory of Evolution: Just a Theory? 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.socialaffairsunit.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Question & Answer (Small Pets) Have a general pet question?
  • Discuss Pets @ PetLovers.Com 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.petlovers.com [Source type: General]

.Experimentalists have used selection in Drosophila to develop an understanding of the evolution of aging, and experimental evolution is a very active subdiscipline.^ Although these changes have little effect on our general understanding of evolution, they have a potentially large impact on aging theory.
  • The Evolution of Aging, Theodore C. Goldsmith, Book - Barnes & Noble 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC search.barnesandnoble.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The moment of passing over to the spiritual is not the object of an observation of this type, which can nevertheless reveal, on an experimental level, a series of very useful signs about the specificity of the human being.
  • Evolution and Religion 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC sci.waikato.ac.nz [Source type: Original source]

^ He may conceivably have been influenced by Robert Chambers's anonymous work of 1844 in which Chambers proposed a universal law of development not unlike the eventual theory of evolution by natural selection.
  • Crispin Tickell: The theory of evolution: 150 years afterwards (short version). 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.crispintickell.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the 1990s developmental biology made a re-entry into evolutionary biology, from its initial exclusion from the modern synthesis, through the study of evolutionary developmental biology.^ Evolutionary changes are initiated by developmental changes.
  • Evolution 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Misconceptions about modern evolutionary biology .
  • Theory of evolution - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Modern biology textbooks are a much better way to get into the theory, and you'll understand Origin of Species better if you start with a good grounding.
  • Which better explains Darwin's theory of evolution Origin of Species or Voyage of the Beagle? 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC askville.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.Findings from evolutionary biology feed strongly into new disciplines that study mankind's sociocultural evolution and evolutionary behavior.^ Evolution's instability highlighted by new study .
  • Darwin 'ripped off' theory of evolution 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.wnd.com [Source type: General]
  • Muzzled! Facts that contradict theory of evolution 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.wnd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Educators say evolution still 'theory' 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.wnd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Animal specimens preserved in jars look Victorian, but the images in Evidence of Evolution show there's still nothing better for studying new species .

^ Darwin’s theories on evolution lacked any knowledge of genetic change and it was not until Gregor Mendel’s work on the genetic heritability of pea plant characteristics were incorporated into evolutionary thinking that the new synthesis of evolutionary theory was born.
  • Evolution - Encyclopedia of Earth 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.eoearth.org [Source type: Academic]

.Evolutionary biology's frameworks of ideas and conceptual tools are now finding application in the study of a range of subjects from computing to nanotechnology.^ It addresses major themes—including the history of evolution, evolutionary processes, adaptation, and evolution as an explanatory framework—at levels of biological organization ranging from genomes to ecological communities.
  • Evolution, Second Edition - Sinauer Associates, Inc. 27 January 2010 23:51 UTC www.sinauer.com [Source type: Academic]

^ With the recognition of Mendelian genetics and the rise of the modern synthesis, however, evolution became both the fundamental conceptual framework for, and the object of study of, physical anthropologists.
  • Evolution - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Despite continuous misunderstandings and controversies over its use and application, heritability remains key to the response to selection in evolutionary biology and agriculture, and to the prediction of disease risk in medicine.
  • Evolution - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: Academic]

.It also contributes to the field of evolutionary medicine.^ This course will explore the emerging field of evolutionary medicine and its recent applications.

[2] [3]
.Artificial life is a sub-field of bioinformatics that attempts to model, or even recreate, the evolution of organisms as described by evolutionary biology.^ Stewart: Evolutionary transitions and artificial life.
  • A new theory of the evolution of cooperation 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC users.tpg.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The evolution of life from unicellular organisms to the current...
  • "Theory of Evolution - A collection of Knols", una recopilación de Spiros Kakos 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: General]

^ In this book, Darwin described how evolution by natural selection works — and presented a huge body of evidence, drawn from every field of biology then known, that evolution can account for the patterns we see in nature.

.Usually this is done through mathematics and computer models.^ Neither side has introduced accurate mathematical models or computer simulations to describe such an evolutionary transition.
  • Intelligent Design & Evolution 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC theory-of-evolution.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The idea is very similar to the computer modelling used by swimmers to examine how efficient their stroke is through the water.
  • Just A Theory » Evolution 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC justatheory.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is only a mathematical model consisting of equations and does not usually specify physical structure for elementary particles.
  • A challenge to Racer and ILL....... [Archive] - Beastie Boys Message Board 22 September 2009 16:016 UTC www.beastieboys.com [Source type: Original source]

History

.Evolutionary biology as an academic discipline in its own right emerged as a result of the modern evolutionary synthesis in the 1930s and 1940s.^ Evolutionary biology as an academic discipline in its own right emerged as a result of the modern evolutionary synthesis in the 1930s and 1940s .
  • Theory of evolution - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Misconceptions about modern evolutionary biology .
  • Theory of evolution - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Evolutionary biology as an academic discipline in its own right emerged as a result of the modern evolutionary synthesis in the 1930s and 1940s.
  • History Of Evolution Thought | Evolution, Phylogeny and Taxonomy 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC commonancestor.net [Source type: Academic]
  • Evolution - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC locke.citizendium.org [Source type: Academic]

[4] .It was not until the 1970s and 1980s, however, that a significant number of universities had departments that specifically included the term evolutionary biology in their titles.^ However, it was not until the 1970s and 1980s that significant numbers of universities had departments specifically geared toward and termed evolutionary biology .
  • A Short History of Evolutionary Theory: The Theory of Evolution is Rooted in Antiquity 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC evolution.suite101.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It was not until the 1970s and 1980s, however, that a significant number of universities had departments that specifically included the term evolutionary biology in their titles.
  • History Of Evolution Thought | Evolution, Phylogeny and Taxonomy 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC commonancestor.net [Source type: Academic]

^ It was not until the 1970s and 1980s , however, that a significant number of universities had departments that specifically included the term evolutionary biology in their titles.
  • Theory of evolution - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.In the United States, as a result of the rapid growth of molecular and cell biology, many universities have split (or aggregated) their biology departments into molecular and cell biology-style departments and ecology and evolutionary biology-style departments (which often have subsumed older departments in paleontology, zoology and the like).^ Molecular biology confirms evolutionary transitions.
  • Evidence of Evolutionary Transitions (ActionBioscience) 20 September 2009 9:47 UTC www.actionbioscience.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Molecular biology - History of evolutionary theory .
  • evolution (scientific theory) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Academic]
  • evolution (scientific theory) :: The science of evolution -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In the United States, as a result of the rapid growth of molecular and cell biology, many universities have split (or aggregated) their biology departments into molecular and cell biology-style departments and ecology and evolutionary biology-style departments (which often have subsumed older departments in paleontology, zoology and the like).
  • History Of Evolution Thought | Evolution, Phylogeny and Taxonomy 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC commonancestor.net [Source type: Academic]

.Microbiology has recently developed into an evolutionary discipline.^ Recent developments in evolutionary theory .
  • History Of Evolution Thought | Evolution, Phylogeny and Taxonomy 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC commonancestor.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Microbiology has recently developed into an evolutionary discipline.
  • History Of Evolution Thought | Evolution, Phylogeny and Taxonomy 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC commonancestor.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Altruism has been one of the last (and most deeply embedded) thorns in the side of evolutionary theory, but recent developments in game theory have suggested explanations with an evolutionary context.
  • History Of Evolution Thought | Evolution, Phylogeny and Taxonomy 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC commonancestor.net [Source type: Academic]

.It was originally ignored due to the paucity of morphological traits and the lack of a species concept in microbiology.^ The concept of species - - The origin of species .
  • evolution (scientific theory) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Academic]
  • evolution (scientific theory) :: The science of evolution -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It was originally ignored due to the paucity of morphological traits and the lack of a species concept in microbiology.
  • History Of Evolution Thought | Evolution, Phylogeny and Taxonomy 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC commonancestor.net [Source type: Academic]

^ In Origin of Species, Darwin describes how an animal species would slowly develop, through many generations, as the forces of nature allowed for certain survival traits.

.Now, evolutionary researchers are taking advantage of our extensive understanding of microbial physiology, the ease of microbial genomics, and the quick generation time of some microbes to answer evolutionary questions.^ Have some general pet answers?
  • Discuss Pets @ PetLovers.Com 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.petlovers.com [Source type: General]

^ Question & Answer (Small Pets) Have a general pet question?
  • Discuss Pets @ PetLovers.Com 2 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.petlovers.com [Source type: General]

^ This question is now closed for official answers.
  • Which better explains Darwin's theory of evolution Origin of Species or Voyage of the Beagle? 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC askville.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.Similar features have led to progress in viral evolution, particularly for bacteriophage.^ Similar features have led to progress in viral evolution, particularly for bacteriophage.
  • History Of Evolution Thought | Evolution, Phylogeny and Taxonomy 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC commonancestor.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Evolution explains why there are striking similarities in the embryonic development of frogs, sharks, and monkeys - these features were present in an early common ancestor.
  • The Essays 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.nmsr.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But even then, seeing a progression of whale evolution is fascinating, but its not particularly useful assuming you accept evolution and already assume this sort of stuff is happening.
  • Big hole knocked in theory of human evolution - Winds of Change.NET 3 February 2010 18:22 UTC www.windsofchange.net [Source type: Original source]

Notable evolutionary biologists

Notable contributors to evolutionary biology
Evolutionary biologists known primarily for their science popularization
Notable popularizers of evolution whose research isn't primarily concerned with evolutionary biology

Bibliography

Textbooks

  • Douglas J. Futuyma, Evolutionary Biology (3rd Edition), Sinauer Associates (1998) ISBN 0-87893-189-9
  • Douglas J. Futuyma, Evolution, Sinauer Associates (2005) ISBN 0-87893-187-2
  • Mark Ridley, Evolution (3rd edition), Blackwell (2003) ISBN 1-4051-0345-0
  • Scott R. Freeman and Jon C. Herron, Evolutionary Analysis, Prentice Hall (2003) ISBN 0-13-101859-0
  • Michael R. Rose and Laurence D. Mueller, Evolution and Ecology of the Organism, Prentice Hall (2005) ISBN 0-13-010404-3
  • Monroe W. Strickberger, Evolution (3rd Edition), Jones & Bartlett Publishers (2000) ISBN 0-7637-1066-0

Notable monographs and other works

Topics in evolutionary biology

See also

References

  1. ^ Sterelny, K. (2009). "Philosophy of Evolutionary Thought". in Michael Ruse & Joseph Travis. Evolution: The First Four Billion Years. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. p. 313. ISBN 978-0-674-03175-3. 
  2. ^ Nesse, R.M., & Williams, G.C. (1996). Evolution and Healing: The New Science of Darwinian Medicine. London: Phoenix. ISBN 1-85799-506-6. 
  3. ^ Antolin, M.F. (2009). "Evolutionary Biology of Disease and Darwinian Medicine". in Michael Ruse & Joseph Travis. Evolution: The First Four Billion Years. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. pp. 281-298. ISBN 978-0-674-03175-3. 
  4. ^ Sterelny (2009) p.314

Simple English

Evolutionary biology is a subfield of biology that wonders about how species start and change over time or in other words, how species evolve. Someone who studies evolutionary biology is known as an evolutionary biologist, or less often as an evolutionist.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 11, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Evolution, which are similar to those in the above article.








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