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Tank, Heavy Assault, A33 (Excelsior)
Type heavy tank
Place of origin United Kingdom
Production history
Manufacturer English Electric
Weight 40 tons
Length 22 ft 8 in (6.9 m)
Width 11 ft 2 in (3.4 m)
Height 7 ft 11 in (2.4 m)
Crew 5 (Commander, gunner, loader, driver, co-driver)

Armor 114 mm
Ordnance QF 75 mm
64 rounds
2 x 7.92 mm Besa machine gun
Engine Rolls-Royce Meteor V12 petrol
600 hp (447 kW)
Suspension Improved Christie
Speed 24 mph, (off-road 12 mph)

The Tank, Heavy Assault, A33 (Excelsior) was a British experimental tank based on the Cromwell (A27) design developed in the Second World War when there were concerns as to performance of the Churchill tank.



After the Dieppe raid in August 1942, there was concern that the Churchill was not as good as expected and a tank to combine the infantry and cruiser tank roles was planned.

English Electric built two prototypes on a Cromwell tank hull the first with the suspension of the US M6 Heavy Tank and the second with a widened Cromwell track. The design included extra armour and an Ordnance QF 75 mm gun. With the problems of the early Churchill models worked out, the project was dropped.[1 ]


See also


  1. ^ Fletcher, David (1993). The Universal Tank. HMSO, for REME Museum. p. 87. ISBN 0-11-290534-X.  
British armoured fighting vehicle production during World War II


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