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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

On the study of political science the executive branch of government has sole authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state bureaucracy.[1] The division of power into separate branches of government is central to the republican idea of the separation of powers[2] .

In many countries the term "government" connotes only the executive branch. However, this branch fails to differentiate between despotic and democratic forms of government. In authoritarian systems, such as a dictatorship or absolute monarchy, where the different powers of government assumed by one person, the executive branch ceases to exist since there is no other branch with which to share separate but equal governmental powers.

The separation of powers system is designed to distribute authority away from the executive branch - an attempt to preserve individual liberty in response to tyrannical leadership throughout history.[3] The executive officer is not supposed to make laws (the role of the legislature), or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). The role of the executive is to enforce the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judicial system.


There are six roles which the top leadership of the executive branch fulfills are as follows:

The organizational structure of the executive branch will determine the relationship between the heads of state and government respectively. The Executive Branch also carries out the laws.

In a presidential system the executive is at once the head of State and Government that model their government after the United States of America have a Head of State compared to other systems. The President of the United States is best described as the head of state for his role as the government's chief ambassador. However there is no constitutional foundation for any head of government in the United States since the separation of powers divides governmental authority amongst the branches with checks and balances over one another. The President of the United States can have significant power over public opinion through personal abilities of persuasion, however this is the natural effect of the executive office.


  1. ^ Executive Branch,
  2. ^ ...central to the democratic idea of Separation of Powers,
  3. ^ attempt to preserve individual liberty, The Federalist Papers #51

Simple English

The "Executive Branch" is the legal partition of a nation or a state government. It is headed up by the executive sometimes referred to as the "Chief" executive, as the root word suggests it "executes" or acts to enforce the laws assigned to it by an applicable Constitution. In as much as it is a branch of a government the laws over which the executive resides are carried out by his subordinates either who themselves oversee various bureaucracies.


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