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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

On the study of political science the executive branch of government has sole authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state bureaucracy.[1] The division of power into separate branches of government is central to the republican idea of the separation of powers[2] .

In many countries the term "government" connotes only the executive branch. However, this branch fails to differentiate between despotic and democratic forms of government. In authoritarian systems, such as a dictatorship or absolute monarchy, where the different powers of government assumed by one person, the executive branch ceases to exist since there is no other branch with which to share separate but equal governmental powers.

The separation of powers system is designed to distribute authority away from the executive branch - an attempt to preserve individual liberty in response to tyrannical leadership throughout history.[3] The executive officer is not supposed to make laws (the role of the legislature), or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). The role of the executive is to enforce the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judicial system.

Responsibility

There are six roles which the top leadership of the executive branch fulfills are as follows:

The organizational structure of the executive branch will determine the relationship between the heads of state and government respectively. The Executive Branch also carries out the laws.

In a presidential system the executive is at once the head of State and Government that model their government after the United States of America have a Head of State compared to other systems. The President of the United States is best described as the head of state for his role as the government's chief ambassador. However there is no constitutional foundation for any head of government in the United States since the separation of powers divides governmental authority amongst the branches with checks and balances over one another. The President of the United States can have significant power over public opinion through personal abilities of persuasion, however this is the natural effect of the executive office.

References

  1. ^ Executive Branch, www.dictionary.reference.com
  2. ^ ...central to the democratic idea of Separation of Powers, www.reference.com
  3. ^ ...an attempt to preserve individual liberty, The Federalist Papers #51
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Executive Power  
Author Vince Flynn
Country United States
Language English
Genre(s) Political Thriller
Publication date May, 2003
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages 384 pp (hardcover) 512 pp (paperback)
Preceded by Separation of Power
Followed by Memorial Day

Executive Power is Vince Flynn's fifth novel, and the fourth to feature Mitch Rapp, an American agent that works for the CIA as an operative for a covert counter terrorism unit called the "Orion Team."

Plot summary

Mitch Rapp's cover has been blown following his last assignment, preventing Saddam Hussein from obtaining nuclear weapons, CIA field agent Mitch Rapp receives public acknowledgment by the president in response to the latest Congressional leak to the media. Though the praise is of the highest quality, singled out as the most important person in the fight to counter terrorism, the President might as well have placed a bulls-eye on Rapp's chest and that of his loved ones. The spotlight makes the former covert operator an ideal international target for eradication by terrorists as the symbol he has become.

Rapp moving from CIA operative duties to that of a counter-terrorism bureaucrat.As special advisor on counterterrorism to CIA director Dr. Irene Kennedy, Rapp uncomfortably sits in an office. However, everything changes when radical Islamic terrorists ambush Navy SEALS on a top-secret rescue mission in the Philippines. The leak had to be in either the State Department or the Philippine diplomatic corps, but nobody knows for sure. However, worse yet is that someone is trying to cause a Jihad on a scale never before seen and that unknown invisible individual is close to achieving the goal with only a too visible Rapp in the way.Rapp leads a team to avenge that loss by defeating the Philippine terrorist network that killed two SEAL team members and rescuing the American hostages. In order to successfully accomplish this mission he must keep its existence from the turncoats who once betrayed those who went before him. The coincidental plotline has forces plotting to upset the tenuous balance in the Middle East's geopolitical situation. A flamboyant Saudi Prince, who is banished from the Kingdom, elicits the help of a Palestinian assassin to murder the leaders of Islamic terrorist cells and Saudi and Palestinian Ambassadors in the hopes of dissolving US support for Israel and the eventual establishment of an official Palestinian state.


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