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Competitor emerging from the swim portion of a triathlon.
.Physical exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health.^ Exercise and physical activity, 9th grade .
  • Children's report card: Exercise and physical activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC server.admin.state.mn.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Exercise leads to physical fitness.
  • Physical Fitness - Exercise - Physical Activity - What is the Difference - eXtension 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.extension.org [Source type: General]

^ Exercise Facts Physical exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health .
  • Exercise and Fitness (Exercises, Health, Activity) @ Strenuous.org 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.strenuous.org [Source type: General]

It is performed for various reasons. .These include strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance and for enjoyment.^ The nutrient values reported in Your Nutrition Facts depend on whether you included a 1 to 2 pound weight loss or weight maintenance in your personal data.
  • Exercise & Fitness - Ask the Dietitian® 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.dietitian.com [Source type: General]

^ Whether you’ve suffered an injury or merely carrying some extra weight, strengthening this muscle group can add to your quality of life.

^ Body-weight exercises can build strength, muscle mass, endurance, cardio health, promote fat loss and increase freedom of movement within ones body.
  • Bodyweight Exercise Revolution Complete Program: Bodyweight Workouts That Deliver 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bodyweightexerciserevolution.com [Source type: General]

.Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system, and helps prevent the "diseases of affluence" such as heart disease, cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes and obesity.^ Exercise: 7 benefits of regular physical activity .
  • Physical Exercise | LIVESTRONG.COM 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Obesity increases the risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers.
  • The Power of Exercise | Harvard Magazine Mar-Apr 2004 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC harvardmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Starting an exercise routine will also help prevent disease.
  • Exercise | LIVESTRONG.COM 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

[1][2] .It also improves mental health, helps prevent depression, helps to promote or maintain positive self-esteem, and can even augment an individual's sex appeal or body image.^ However – my personal understanding of the benefits of exercise tell me that it’s likely to help prevent depression, and like the article suggests, every bit as helpful as antidepressants for treating it.
  • Fighting Depression with Exercise | The Art of Manliness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

^ Leg Press Body Position – Seat your self comfortably on the leg press machine.

^ Weight training reverses these changes and helps prevent injuries, improves balance, and improves how some very important enzymes work in your body.
  • CHFpatients.com - Heart Failure FAQ - Exercise and Heart Failure 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.chfpatients.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .Childhood obesity is a growing global concern[4] and physical exercise may help decrease the effects of childhood obesity in developed countries.^ Such testing helps determine the subject’s exercise capacity and identify associated adverse signs or symptoms that may affect the safety of an exercise program.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Exercise reduces visceral obesity, which decreases free fatty acids.
  • Therapeutic Exercise: eMedicine Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Cardiovascular exercise is heart-pumping, sweat-inducing physical fitness that gets your body moving, mobilizes your joints and helps im...
  • Physical Exercise | LIVESTRONG.COM 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Classification

Types of exercise

Exercises are generally grouped into three types depending on the overall effect they have on the human body:
.
  • Flexibility exercises, such as stretching, improve the range of motion of muscles and joints.^ Stretching exercises need to be included to maintain or improve joint range of motion.
    • Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.plu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The authors concluded that although aging can adversely influence antioxidant enzyme capacity in skeletal muscle, regular exercise can preserve such protective function.
    • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ A variety of techniques have been used to improve incontinence (loss of urinary control), such as pelvic-floor neuromuscular electrostimulation combined with exercises, pelvic floor muscle exercises alone (Kegel exercises), vaginal cones, and vaginal balls.
    • Susan G. Komen for the Cure | Understanding Breast Cancer | Complementary Therapies | Physical Therapy 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC ww5.komen.org [Source type: Academic]

    [5]
  • .
  • Aerobic exercises, such as cycling, swimming, walking,Skipping rope, rowing, running, hiking or playing tennis, focus on increasing cardiovascular endurance.^ So jogging, running, swimming, skipping rope or even walking distances will increase the stamina of these muscles.

    ^ Aerobic exercise is a rhythmic, repetitive activity such as walking, swimming and biking that continues for at least 30 minutes.
    • Physical activity and exercise when you have diabetes 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.allina.com [Source type: General]
    • Physical activity and exercise when you have diabetes 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.mercyunity.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Whether you run, jog, walk, swim, jump rope, take an aerobics class, ride a bike, etc., doing it first thing in the morning is the best time to do it for maximum fat loss.
    • When to exercise? Morning or evening? Before food or after... - Q&A 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

    [6]
  • .
  • Anaerobic exercises, such as weight training, functional training or sprinting, increase short-term muscle strength.^ He trained functionally for his body, meaning he did mostly body-weight exercise.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Enhanced muscle insulin receptor autophosphorylation with short-term aerobic exercise training.
    • Therapeutic Exercise: eMedicine Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ An allied technique for training of muscle strength .
    • Therapeutic Exercise: eMedicine Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

    [7]

Categories of physical exercise

Sometimes the terms 'dynamic' and 'static' are used. .'Dynamic' exercises such as steady running, tend to produce a lowering of the diastolic blood pressure during exercise, due to the improved blood flow.^ Exercise also helps lower blood pressure.
  • Physical Activity, Exercise, And Diabetes 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.articlesbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Exercise characteristics and the blood pressure response to dynamic physical training.
  • The 25 Most Significant Health Benefits of Physical Activity & Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ideafit.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Let's learn a few exercises to lower blood pressure.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.Conversely, static exercise (such as weight-lifting) can cause the systolic pressure to rise significantly (during the exercise).^ Your exercise program seems to be a good combination of aerobic and weight lifting.
  • Exercise & Fitness - Ask the Dietitian® 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.dietitian.com [Source type: General]

^ Ryan AS, Nicklas BJ, Dennis KE. Aerobic exercise maintains regional bone mineral density during weight loss in postmenopausal women.
  • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Weight Lifting Can Be Done 2 Ways Circuit Training - Do a series of different weight exercises all in a row - one set of each exercise.
  • CHFpatients.com - Heart Failure FAQ - Exercise and Heart Failure 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.chfpatients.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Benefits

US Marines exercising on the USS Bataan.
.Physical exercise is important for maintaining physical fitness and can contribute positively to maintaining a healthy weight, building and maintaining healthy bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility, promoting physiological well-being, reducing surgical risks, and strengthening the immune system.^ Chest Exercises Chest exercises are important to tone up and strengthen the chest muscles.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Exercise leads to physical fitness.
  • Physical Fitness - Exercise - Physical Activity - What is the Difference - eXtension 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.extension.org [Source type: General]

^ Anaerobic exercise for physical fitness .
  • Exercise and physical health - Weight Awareness - Health information, help, news, directory and community 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.weightawareness.com [Source type: Academic]

.Exercise also reduces levels of cortisol.^ By exercising continuously at a moderately intense level, you can reduce injury risk and extend exercise duration to 40 to 60 minutes per session.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.plu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cortisol is a stress hormone that builds fat in the abdominal region, making weight loss difficult.^ Make over your weight-loss resolutions .
  • Health News - Exercise Programs, Training and Information from CNN health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Reduce Body Fat Through Exercise Exercise plays a major role in both weight loss and body fat reduction.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Ryan AS, Nicklas BJ, Dennis KE. Aerobic exercise maintains regional bone mineral density during weight loss in postmenopausal women.
  • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Cortisol causes many health problems, both physical and mental.^ This, unfortunately, can impact both our mental and physical health.
  • The Cooper Institute Blog - All posts tagged 'physical activity' 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC blog.standupandeat.org [Source type: General]

^ Treatment for children with mental health problems .
  • 22 Physical Activity and Fitness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.healthypeople.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ It's a fact that exercising solves various health related problems and also empowers your brain and your mental abilities.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

[8]
.Frequent and regular aerobic exercise has been shown to help prevent or treat serious and life-threatening chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, obesity, heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, insomnia, and depression.^ Can exercise be a useful tool for preventing and treating diabetes?
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

^ Exercises to Lower Blood Pressure High blood pressure can be effectively controlled and treated with proper medication.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Exercise also helps fight depression.
  • Exercise & Fitness - Ask the Dietitian® 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.dietitian.com [Source type: General]

[9] .Endurance exercise before meals lowers blood glucose more than the same exercise after meals.^ It is best to eat more than 2 hours, but less than 4 hours before exercise.
  • Exercise & Fitness - Ask the Dietitian® 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.dietitian.com [Source type: General]

^ By grading activity intensity in MET units, it is possible to classify average intensities for a wide range of physical activities where a higher MET value is more intense than a lower value.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.plu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Avoid activities that cause increased joint pain lasting more than an hour or two after exercise.
  • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

[10]
.There is some evidence that vigorous exercise (90-95% of VO2 Max) is more beneficial than moderate exercise (40 to 70% of VO2 Max).^ For some of the sentences there is more than one passive to form.
  • English Exercises Online! (by Lilliam Hurst) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC wwwedu.ge.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, to get to the point, if you miss some days on your exercise program or you don't progress as fast as you think you should, just keep moving, you will get there, I promise!
  • EXERCISE BANDS - Total Body Exercise Resistance Band workout system 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.exercisebands.com [Source type: General]

^ Probart CK, Notelovitz M, Martin D, Khan FY, Fields C. The effect of moderate aerobic exercise on physical fitness among women 70 years and older.
  • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

[11] .Some studies have shown that vigorous exercise executed by healthy individuals can increase opioid peptides (a.k.a.^ Numerous studies have shown that even a little resistance (strength) training and exercise can reverse these negative effects.
  • EXERCISE BANDS - Total Body Exercise Resistance Band workout system 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.exercisebands.com [Source type: General]

^ Nevertheless, recent research studies have shown that aggressive rehabilitation beyond this time period, including treadmill exercise with or without body weight support, increases aerobic capacity and sensorimotor function.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Hambrecht's study showed that exercise training increases both the endurance of skeletal muscle and increases the size of muscle cells' mitochondria.
  • CHFpatients.com - Heart Failure FAQ - Exercise and Heart Failure 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.chfpatients.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.endorphins, naturally occurring opioids that in conjunction with other neurotransmitters are responsible for exercise-induced euphoria and have been shown to be addictive), increase testosterone and growth hormone,[12] effects that are not as fully realized with moderate exercise.^ Exercise helps increase the amount of this hormone.
  • Exercise & Fitness - Ask the Dietitian® 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.dietitian.com [Source type: General]

^ Students having problems with any of the exercises are advised to consult their teacher for further help -  neither this nor any other program can provide a substitute for a real, live human teacher !
  • English Exercises Online! (by Lilliam Hurst) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC wwwedu.ge.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Probart CK, Notelovitz M, Martin D, Khan FY, Fields C. The effect of moderate aerobic exercise on physical fitness among women 70 years and older.
  • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

More recent research[13][14] indicates that anandamide may play a greater role than endorphins in "runner's high".
.Both aerobic and anaerobic exercise also work to increase the mechanical efficiency of the heart by increasing cardiac volume (aerobic exercise), or myocardial thickness (strength training).^ Superslow strength training: Does it work?
  • Slide show: Core exercises - MayoClinic.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mayoclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ People exercise for aerobic training, to increase strength, and/or to improve flexibility.
  • Southeast Missouri Hospital - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.technologyofhope.com [Source type: General]
  • http://www.ecommunity.com/cancercare/index.aspx?pageid=P07311 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ecommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise | Piedmont Healthcare | Atlanta, GA 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.piedmont.org [Source type: General]
  • Main Line Health - Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.mainlinehealth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Bloomington Hospital - Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.bloomingtonhospital.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • OHSU Health Information: Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ohsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.memorialhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Exercise .
  • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

.Such changes are generally beneficial and healthy if they occur in response to exercise.^ Instead of exercising the next day or day after, they wait until the soreness leaves completely, generally just waiting until the next week.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

^ A favorable change of the glutathione redox cycle in response to exercise training has also been observed in the brain, particularly in the cortex and brain stem ( 44 ).
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Exercise may also be associated with injuries to bones and joints, and these do need to be tended to when they occur.
  • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

.Not everyone benefits equally from exercise.^ The psychological benefits of exercise are equally compelling.

^ Caveat : Not everyone benefits equally from exercise .
  • Physical exercise - effect on memory & cognition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.memory-key.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The psychological benefits of exercise are equally important to the weight conscious person.
  • The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - Council Publications 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fitness.gov [Source type: General]
  • The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - Publications 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fitness.gov [Source type: General]

.There is tremendous variation in individual response to training: where most people will see a moderate increase in endurance from aerobic exercise, some individuals will as much as double their oxygen uptake, while others can never augment endurance.^ The intensity for beginning an aerobic conditioning program should be at the low end of your MET-intensity range and you should gradually increase workout intensity only after assessing both exercise heart rate and RPE. The RPE range for most individuals is between 3 (moderate) and 5 (strong).
  • Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.plu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a human study, however, endurance training increased erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase activity ( 49 ).
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ However, these are some of the simplest and most effective exercises you can include in your routine.

[15][16] .Similarly, only a minority of people will show significant muscle growth after prolonged weight training, while a larger fraction experience improvements in strength.^ Then weight training is the only solution.
  • Weight Training & Weight Lifting Tips, Exercises,Workouts, Programs 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.exercisegoals.com [Source type: General]

^ Weight training, or strength training, builds strength and muscles.
  • The Exercise Habit -- familydoctor.org 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC familydoctor.org [Source type: General]

^ In fact, studies show that older people who maintain active lifestyles that include exercise experience fewer health problems as they age.
  • Exercise Index - Start Here to Learn Exercises to Keep Your Spine Healthy 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.spineuniverse.com [Source type: General]

[17] .This genetic variation in improvement from training is one of the key physiological differences between elite athletes and the larger population.^ Each group of athletes has different types of training and physical requirements, and evaluations should be made frequently at each stage of their progression.
  • Cardiopulmonary Exercise & Metabolic Testing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.siuh.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A key theme throughout the Spiritual Exercises is discernment--the need to discern between good desires and evil desires in one's life.
  • Book Information | Christian Classics Ethereal Library 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: General]

^ Our registered dietitians and nutritionists understand the difference between “real change” and “fad diets.” Our nutritional counseling is successful for elite athletes, fitness enthusiasts and weight-management.
  • Services: Pilates Exercises, Exotic Spas, Plyometric Exercises & Physical Therapy Exercises 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.synergyperformancehealth.com [Source type: General]

[18][19] .Studies have shown that exercising in middle age leads to better physical ability later in life.^ Testosterone levels in middle aged men are shown to elevate after exercise.
  • Thin for Life-Physical Movement-Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.caringonline.com [Source type: General]

^ In fact, studies have shown that physical exercise can help reverse brain decline as we age.

^ Most of the studies have shown that the more exercise you do, the better you are,” he says.
  • How much exercise is enough? - Smart Fitness- msnbc.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: News]

[20]

Effect on the cardiovascular system

.The effect of exercise on the cardiovascular system is well documented.^ Cardiovascular (cardio) exercise refers to exercise that strengthens the cardiovascular system.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

^ Previous studies have demonstrated the trainability of stroke survivors and documented beneficial physiological, psychological, sensorimotor, strength, endurance, and functional effects of various types of exercise.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ But changes in blood pressure and vascular relaxation are not the only effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system, Hu says.
  • The Power of Exercise | Harvard Magazine Mar-Apr 2004 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC harvardmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is a direct relation between physical inactivity and cardiovascular mortality, and physical inactivity is an independent risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease.^ American Heart Association, being Physical ly inactive is a primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
  • Physical Exercise | LIVESTRONG.COM 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Younger individuals (i.e., women under 55 years of age and men under 45 years of age) were classified as low risk if there was no more than one coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factor and there were no signs or symptoms of cardiovascular, pulmonary, or metabolic disease.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.plu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both coronary artery disease (CAD) and ischemic stroke share links to many of the same predisposing, potentially modifiable risk factors (hypertension, abnormal blood lipids and lipoproteins, cigarette smoking, physical inactivity, obesity, and diabetes mellitus), which highlights the prominent role lifestyle plays in the origin of stroke and cardiovascular disease.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.There is a dose-response relation between the amount of exercise performed from approximately 700 to 2000 kcal of energy expenditure per week and all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease mortality in middle-aged and elderly populations.^ In fact, there is a general consensus within the public health community that an energy expenditure within 700 to 2000 Calories or more per week within a 3-6 MET range can improve health and reduce death rate in middle-aged and older populations ( 6 , 17 ).
  • Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.plu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A new study shows that to lose weight and keep it off, you need to exercise about an hour a day, five days per week.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Some controversy remains about the optimal amount and intensity of exercise required to reap protective benefits against cardiovascular disease.
  • The Power of Exercise | Harvard Magazine Mar-Apr 2004 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC harvardmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The greatest potential for reduced mortality is in the sedentary who become moderately active. .Most beneficial effects of physical activity on cardiovascular disease mortality can be attained through moderate-intensity activity (40% to 60% of maximal oxygen uptake, depending on age).^ Physical activity and cardiovascular health.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Moreover, data from studies involving stroke and able-bodied subjects have documented the beneficial impact of regular physical activity on multiple cardiovascular disease risk factors and provided evidence that such benefits are likely to translate into a reduced risk for mortality from stroke and cardiac events.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Because increased levels of physical activity are associated with a reduced risk for stroke and cardiovascular disease and enhanced physical and psychosocial performance, such interventions performed in a stroke rehabilitation program may have a favorable effect on the prevention of recurrent stroke and cardiovascular events.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

... persons who modify their behavior after myocardial infarction to include regular exercise have improved rates of survival. ... .Persons who remain sedentary have the highest risk for all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality.^ Being sedentary is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD), notes Manson, even among people who do exercise.
  • The Power of Exercise | Harvard Magazine Mar-Apr 2004 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC harvardmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some controversy remains about the optimal amount and intensity of exercise required to reap protective benefits against cardiovascular disease.
  • The Power of Exercise | Harvard Magazine Mar-Apr 2004 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC harvardmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Obesity increases the risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers.
  • The Power of Exercise | Harvard Magazine Mar-Apr 2004 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC harvardmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]

Effect on the immune system

.Although there have been hundreds of studies on exercise and the immune system, there is little direct evidence on its connection to illness.^ Numerous studies have shown that even a little resistance (strength) training and exercise can reverse these negative effects.
  • EXERCISE BANDS - Total Body Exercise Resistance Band workout system 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.exercisebands.com [Source type: General]

^ Some studies link seasonal allergies to an out of balance immune system.
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

^ The Chi Exercise Machine relaxes your body and mind, relieving stress and strengthening your immune system.
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

.Epidemiological evidence suggests that moderate exercise has a beneficial effect on the human immune system while extreme exercise impairs it, an effect which is modeled in a J curve.^ Probart CK, Notelovitz M, Martin D, Khan FY, Fields C. The effect of moderate aerobic exercise on physical fitness among women 70 years and older.
  • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Moderate exercise that would produce this beneficial effect would be 60 minutes of exercise, three to five times per week.
  • Exercise & Fitness - Ask the Dietitian® 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.dietitian.com [Source type: General]

^ "A lot of the epidemiological effects [of exercise] that have been uncovered were unexpected," says HMS professor of cell biology Alfred Goldberg, who studies the atrophy of muscle and bone.
  • The Power of Exercise | Harvard Magazine Mar-Apr 2004 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC harvardmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Moderate exercise has been associated with a 29% decreased incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), but studies of marathon runners found that their prolonged high-intensity exercise was associated with an increased risk of an infection, although another study did not find the effect.^ The acute and chronic effect of the type, intensity and duration of exercise on physiological function.
  • Physical Education and Exercise Science (PEXS) 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.und.nodak.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Increased physical fitness, on the other hand, is associated with a decreased incidence of hypertension and coronary artery disease (CAD) and with improved long-term prognosis in patients with angina pectoris and in survivors of myocardial infarction (MI).
  • Therapeutic Exercise: eMedicine Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The bout of exercise decreased mitochondrial respiratory control and caused sarcoendoplasmic reticulum membrane damage.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

.Immune cell functions are impaired following acute sessions of prolonged, high-intensity exercise, and some studies have found that athletes are at a higher risk for infections.^ Long-term high-intensity weight-bearing exercise programs have also been used in rheumatoid arthritis patients with some success.
  • Susan G. Komen for the Cure | Understanding Breast Cancer | Complementary Therapies | Physical Therapy 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC ww5.komen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Some controversy remains about the optimal amount and intensity of exercise required to reap protective benefits against cardiovascular disease.
  • The Power of Exercise | Harvard Magazine Mar-Apr 2004 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC harvardmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chest physical therapy and physiotherapy breathing retraining have been studied in both children and adults to improve quality of life and improve lung function in severe and acute asthma.
  • Susan G. Komen for the Cure | Understanding Breast Cancer | Complementary Therapies | Physical Therapy 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC ww5.komen.org [Source type: Academic]

The immune systems of athletes and nonathletes are generally similar. .Athletes may have slightly elevated natural killer cell count and cytolytic action, but these are unlikely to be clinically significant.^ Much of these concentration differences may be explained by the mode of lipoate action.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ These values were slightly lower for women, but the differences were not significant.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Glutathione esters The cell GSH reserve may be directly elevated by administering GSH esters.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

[21]
Vitamin C supplementation has been associated with lower URTIs in marathon runners.[21]
.Biomarkers of inflammation such as C-reactive protein, which are associated with chronic diseases, are reduced in active individuals relative to sedentary individuals, and the positive effects of exercise may be due to its anti-inflammatory effects.^ The acute and chronic effect of the type, intensity and duration of exercise on physiological function.
  • Physical Education and Exercise Science (PEXS) 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.und.nodak.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Reactive oxygen species are known to contribute to a wide variety of human pathologies, and thus the question may be raised as to whether exercise-induced oxidative stress contributes to the development of these diseases.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Exercise Lowers Risk of Heart Event April 2, 2003 - C-reactive protein (CRP) is a sign of inflammation - high levels mean higher risk for blocked arteries ( CAD ).
  • CHFpatients.com - Heart Failure FAQ - Exercise and Heart Failure 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.chfpatients.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The depression in the immune system following acute bouts of exercise may be one of the mechanisms for this anti-inflammatory effect.^ The acute and chronic effect of the type, intensity and duration of exercise on physiological function.
  • Physical Education and Exercise Science (PEXS) 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.und.nodak.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Chi Exercise Machine relaxes your body and mind, relieving stress and strengthening your immune system.
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

^ Goodyear emphasizes that she is describing just one of the beneficial effects of exercise.
  • The Power of Exercise | Harvard Magazine Mar-Apr 2004 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC harvardmagazine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21]

Effects on brain function

A 2008 review of cognitive enrichment therapies (strategies to slow or reverse cognitive decline) concluded that "physical activity, and aerobic exercise in particular, enhances older adults’ cognitive function".[22]
.In rats, exercise improves cognitive functioning via improvement of hippocampus-dependent spatial learning, and enhancement of synaptic plasticity and neurogenesis.^ Exercise also improves ability to function and quality of life.
  • CHFpatients.com - Heart Failure FAQ - Exercise and Heart Failure 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.chfpatients.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Atalay et al ( 137 ) showed that changes in rat neutrophil function induced by exhaustive exercise may be regulated by whole-body GSH status.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ A properly selected exercise training regimen improves cardiovascular health and the gross functional capacity of the human body.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

[23] .In addition, physical activity has been shown to be neuroprotective in many neurodegenerative and neuromuscular diseases.^ Research has shown that physical activity can .
  • What I need to know about Physical Activity and Diabetes 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC diabetes.niddk.nih.gov [Source type: General]

^ Use the exercise calculator to search over 100 physical activities and discover how many calories you burn during exercise.
  • Exercise Calorie Calculator 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.prohealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Laurin and colleagues (2001) even suggested that moderate and high levels of physical activity were associated with lower risk for Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.
  • Physical Exercise and Brain Health | SharpBrains 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.sharpbrains.com [Source type: Academic]

[24] .For instance, it reduces the risk of developing dementia.^ Reduces the risk of developing colon cancer.
  • Health Benefits of Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nutristrategy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reduces the risk of developing diabetes.
  • Health benefits of exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mamashealth.com [Source type: General]
  • Health Benefits of Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.nutristrategy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This amount of exercise can reduce risks of developing coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, colon cancer, and diabetes.

[25] .Furthermore, anecdotal evidence suggests that frequent exercise may reverse alcohol-induced brain damage.^ Thanks to chemicals released in the brain during exercise, you may find feelings of anxiety , depression and mental stress melt away during a workout.
  • Health benefits of exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mamashealth.com [Source type: General]

^ Scientists at the University of Wisconsin found evidence that exercise can be as addictive as drugs or alcohol.
  • Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC kidshealth.org [Source type: General]

^ Exercise may increase the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the brain.
  • Physical exercise - effect on memory & cognition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.memory-key.com [Source type: Academic]

[26]
Why is exercise good for the brain? There are several possibilities:
.Physical activity is thought to have other beneficial effects related to cognition as it increases levels of nerve growth factors, which support the survival and growth of a number of neuronal cells.^ Then slowly increase the time and level of activity.
  • Exercise: How To Get Started -- familydoctor.org 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC familydoctor.org [Source type: General]

^ This supported that physical exercise activities had positive effect in exercise group.
  • The Effect of Physical Exercise on Anxiety | The Sport Journal 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.thesportjournal.org [Source type: Academic]

^ What are other benefits of physical activity?

[30]

Effects on depression

.A number of factors may contribute to depression including being overweight, low self-esteem, stress and anxiety.^ Various mechanisms that may contribute to exercise-induced oxidative stress were reviewed recently ( 35 ).
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ These transcription factors may be involved in the pathogenesis of several human diseases, including AIDS and cancer.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

[31] Endorphins act as a natural pain reliever and antidepressant in the body..January 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Endorphins have long been regarded as responsible for what is known as "runner's high", a euphoric feeling a person receives from intense physical exertion.^ About 50% of today's youth do not receive "appropriate physical activity, i.e., activity most likely to ensure cardiorespiratory fitness and to establish life-long exercise patterns."
  • Physical Fitness and Exercise: The Facts 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.healthguidance.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Although a short bout of physical exercise may stimulate the mobilization of leukocytes and result in their increased concentration in the circulation, long-lasting high-intensity exercise is known to cause leukopenia.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The risk posed by physical inactivity is almost as high as several well-known CHD risk factors, such as cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, and high blood cholesterol.
  • 22 Physical Activity and Fitness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.healthypeople.gov [Source type: Academic]

[32] .However, recent research[13][14] indicates that anandamide may possibly play a greater role than endorphins in "runner's high". When a person exercises, levels of both circulating serotonin and endorphins are increased.^ Think of ways you can increase your level of exercise.
  • Exercise & Fitness - Ask the Dietitian® 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.dietitian.com [Source type: General]

^ Your chi exercise Machine provides benefits such as rejuvenation, reduced stress, increased circulation and increased lymphatic drainage while Vitamineral Green increases your energy and vitality.
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

^ While playing sports or exercising our bodies hit a point when they cannot go anymore, and we may begin to feel light-headed or dizzy/sick.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

[33] .These levels are known to stay elevated even several days after exercise is discontinued, possibly contributing to improvement in mood, increased self-esteem, and weight management.^ I have always exercised , even when my weight was alot higher, and did not lose weight until my food consumption was under control.
  • Exercise | LIVESTRONG.COM 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ And for the every day person – when you say ‘fitness’ – the first thing that comes to mind is weight training and exercise machines.
  • Lower Body Makeover, Leg Butt Hip Thigh Exercises for Women 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.lowerbodymakeover.com [Source type: General]

^ "Every one MET increase in exercise capacity meant a 12% improvement in survival."
  • CHFpatients.com - Heart Failure FAQ - Exercise and Heart Failure 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.chfpatients.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .Exercise alone is a potential prevention method and/or treatment for mild forms of depression.^ Exercise and physical activity in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: a statement from the Council on Clinical Cardiology (Subcommittee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention) and the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Subcommittee on Physical Activity).
  • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Ivy JL. Role of exercise training in the prevention and treatment of insulin resistance and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
  • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

[34]
Exercise also affects the sleep that a person will receive at night. When the body is physically exhausted it will slip into Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep easier and for a longer period.[35][32]

Public health measures

.Signs that encourage the use of stairs, as well as community campaigns, have been shown to be effective in increasing exercise in a population.^ The fatigue and depression of the stroke patient is translated directly to caregivers and, thus, the effectiveness of a prescribed exercise program will depend on them as well.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Used daily, the chi exercise Machine can also increase your metabolism helping you to lose weight.
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

^ One customer writes, "after using the chi exercise Machine for 15 minutes I noticed increased vitality and better circulation.
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

[36] .The city of Bogotá, Colombia, for example, blocks off 113 kilometers (70 miles) of roads on Sundays and holidays to make it easier for its citizens to get exercise.^ Exercise makes it a lot easier, and increases the chances of success.
  • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, 10 is the exertion you feel when the exhaustion is beyond anything you have ever experienced and the exercise is so difficult that you almost can’t make it.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.plu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These pedestrian zones are part of an effort to combat chronic diseases, including obesity.^ These diseases, which include chronic bronchitis and emphysema, are the fourth leading cause of death in the United States.

^ For professionals and consumers, this report addresses the importance of physical activity and good nutrition to prevent the risks of chronic diseases and obesity.
  • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ These transcription factors may be involved in the pathogenesis of several human diseases, including AIDS and cancer.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

[37]

Common misconceptions

.Many myths have arisen surrounding exercise, some of which have a basis in reality, and some which are completely false.^ Exercises to Grow Taller There are some exercises that can really help you to grow taller.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ What happens to some is that they will not have exercised for a while and then go hit the gym and get really sore.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

^ Some people are not healthy enough to engage in many exercise routines while others can injure themselves if they engage in rigorous activity.
  • Physical Exercise | Pure Safe Diet Blog 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC puresafediet.com [Source type: General]

Myths include:
.
  • That excessive exercise can cause immediate death.^ Regardless of the reason behind the excessive exercise, whether or not it is caused by an eating disorder, the effects are harmful to the individuals on psychological, physiological, and psychosocial levels.
    • Compulsive Exercise Addiction 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.brainphysics.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A 1993 study concerning causes of death in the US: #1 Tobacco, #2 Lack of exercise/poor diet, #3 Alcohol.
    • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

    ^ Tags: Cause of Death , death , Exercise , prolonged sitting , sitting cause death , Workout .
    • Physical Exercise — Blogs, Pictures, and more on WordPress 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC en.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

    .Death by exercise has some small basis in fact.^ Recent neuroscience reports have shed new light on this basic question, revealing some intriguing facts about how exercise affects the brain.
    • Get Regular Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.aarp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ However it is normal, in fact good, to feel some achy soreness the day after exercise, especially if you're new to exercise.

    ^ The Importance Of Exercise In Fighting Type 2 Diabetes The incidence of type 2 diabetes is continuing to rise rapidly and this is due in no small part to the fact that we are getting less exercise.
    • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

    Water intoxication can result from prolific sweating (producing electrolyte losses) combined with consumption of large amounts of plain water and insufficient replenishment of electrolytes, especially salt and potassium (e.g. when running a marathon). .It is also possible to die from a heart attack or similar affliction if overly intense exercise is performed by someone who is not at an appropriate level of fitness for that particular activity or has an undiagnosed rare condition like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.^ The ROM exercises for the chest and arms are particularly important for the person who has undergone bypass or other open chest heart procedures to prevent problems in the recovery period.
    • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

    ^ People who are not fit, are older, or who have problems with their heart should check with their physician before beginning.
    • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

    ^ People with similar heart conditions are also enrolled, providing a great deal of emotional support.
    • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

    .A doctor should always be consulted before any radical changes are made to a person's current exercise routine.^ When should I consult my doctor?

    ^ Health professionals should also be consulted before any major change in diet or levels of exercise.
    • Managing Stress With Regular Exercise - Stress Management Techniques from Mind Tools 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mindtools.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Always consult your physician before beginning any exercise program.
    • Main Line Health - Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.mainlinehealth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Bloomington Hospital - Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.bloomingtonhospital.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • OHSU Health Information: Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ohsu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.memorialhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Rhabdomyolysis is also a risk. .Other common dangers may occur from extreme overheating or aggravation of a physical defect, such as a thrombosis or aneurysm.
  • That weightlifting makes you short or stops growth.^ Physical therapy techniques such as cold pack use, progressive strengthening, or stretching exercises may be helpful for reducing the recurrence of symptoms.
    • Susan G. Komen for the Cure | Understanding Breast Cancer | Complementary Therapies | Physical Therapy 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC ww5.komen.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ You are able to do more without the warning sensation of overheating, and in fact you may feel better.
    • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Do not Use a Job Board Until You Read This Discussion of some dangers you should be aware of with other job sites.
    • Physical Therapy Jobs, Physical Therapist Assistant Jobs, Travel Physical Therapy Jobs 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.physicaltherapycrossing.com [Source type: News]

    .One confirmed danger is that heavy weight training in adolescents (ages 11-16) can damage the epiphyseal plate of long bones and can stunt joints.^ Weight training is good, but start with light weights and one set.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Your weight training routine will benefit from adding at least one strength training exercise that uses a resistance band.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    ^ India was known for traditional physical training implements such as heavy Indian clubs, gadas (maces) and nals (stone weights).

    All adolescents should refrain from any kind of strenuous weight-lifting.[citation needed]

Targeted fat reduction

.Spot reduction is a myth that exercising and training a particular body part will preferentially shed the fat on that part.^ He trained functionally for his body, meaning he did mostly body-weight exercise.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

^ Isometric Exercises for a Toned Body Add isometric exercises to your overall strength training for a leaner and meaner body.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Reduce Body Fat Through Exercise Exercise plays a major role in both weight loss and body fat reduction.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.For example, doing sit-ups is not the best way to reduce subcutaneous abdominal obesity.^ Home Exercises Without Equipment Performing home exercises without equipment is the best way to maintain your body weight, tone up oneself and stay fit without hitting the gym.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Now, some core exercises do include doing pushups, crunches, sit ups, and squats.

^ What's even more annoying is that doing hundreds of side bends and sit ups might not help either.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.One cannot reduce fat from one area of the body to the exclusion of others.^ Toning Exercises Without Weights Toning exercises aim to reduce body fat and build muscle.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Moderate-intense daily physical activity can help reduce body fat if the added amount of large muscle group activity is consistently higher.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.plu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But, since a woman's body has a tendency of storing fats in the lower body, women need to perform exercises that target these areas.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.Most of the energy derived from fat gets to the muscle through the bloodstream and reduces stored fat in the entire body, from the last place where fat was deposited.^ Muscle also stores fat.
  • Promoting Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC xnet.kp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This energy will then come from your stored fat.
  • Fitness Programs Revealed - Weight Loss Fitness Programs - Exercise Programs for Physical Fitness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC fitnessprogramsrevealed.com [Source type: General]

^ Desirable body adaptations include a decrease in body fat while increasing lean muscle mass.
  • Exercise, Science of Exercise, Physical Comfort Zone, Exercise Benifits | Dating Tips, Fitness Tips, Daily Blog of the TheFitnessPersonals.com 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.thefitnesspersonals.com [Source type: General]

.Sit-ups may improve the size and shape of abdominal muscles but will not specifically target belly fat for loss.^ Partial sit-ups or crunches strengthen the abdominal muscles.
  • Back pain and sciatica - Exercise and Physical Therapy 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.umm.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Sit-ups - targets abs .

^ Avoid abdominal curls (sit-ups).

.Such exercise might help reduce overall body fat percentage and shrink the size of fat cells.^ Remember, you will not see abdominal definition unless you have a low percentage of body fat, but it's important to have strong abs anyway.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

^ Your chi exercise Machine provides benefits such as rejuvenation, reduced stress, increased circulation and increased lymphatic drainage while Vitamineral Green increases your energy and vitality.
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

^ Such testing helps determine the subject’s exercise capacity and identify associated adverse signs or symptoms that may affect the safety of an exercise program.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.Stored fat is generally liberated and metabolised by the body in a LIFO order.^ Muscle is important to the body, utilizing calories rather than storing them as fat.
  • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

^ But, since a woman's body has a tendency of storing fats in the lower body, women need to perform exercises that target these areas.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

Muscle and fat tissue

.One misconception is that muscle tissue will turn into fat tissue once a person stops exercising.^ One set of 8-12 repetitions of eight to ten exercises that condition the major muscle groups at least 2 days a week is the recommended minumum" ( 24 ).
  • Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.plu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can start fixing your lower body and seeing results very quickly when you combine the 3 types of muscle contractions into your exercises – here’s why… .
  • Lower Body Makeover, Leg Butt Hip Thigh Exercises for Women 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.lowerbodymakeover.com [Source type: General]

^ If the goal is fat reduction and a person is not accustomed to regular exercise, the total activity accumulation throughout the day (within the 3-6 MET range) should be longer.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.plu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is not literally true — fat tissue and muscle tissue are fundamentally different — but the common expression that "muscle will turn to fat" is truthful in the sense that catabolism of muscle fibers for energy can result in excess glucose being stored as fat.^ Muscle also stores fat.
  • Promoting Physical Activity and Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC xnet.kp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This energy will then come from your stored fat.
  • Fitness Programs Revealed - Weight Loss Fitness Programs - Exercise Programs for Physical Fitness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC fitnessprogramsrevealed.com [Source type: General]

^ Of course, people who have a more diversified routine with various exercises that focus on the various muscle groups are going to have a higher level of fitness (more common sense).

[38] .Moreover, the composition of a body part can change toward less muscle and more fat, so that a cross-section of the upper-arm for example, will have a greater area corresponding to fat and a smaller area corresponding to muscle.^ Examples of upper body plyometric exercises are detailed on the Arm Plyometric page.
  • Plyometrics - Exercises and Program Planning 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.brianmac.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Secondary body parts Arms   Shoulders   .
  • Chest Fly - Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fitlink.com [Source type: General]

^ Desirable body adaptations include a decrease in body fat while increasing lean muscle mass.
  • Exercise, Science of Exercise, Physical Comfort Zone, Exercise Benifits | Dating Tips, Fitness Tips, Daily Blog of the TheFitnessPersonals.com 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.thefitnesspersonals.com [Source type: General]

.This is not muscle "turning into fat" however — it is simply a combination of muscle atrophy and increased fat storage in different tissues of the same body part.^ Increases enzymes in the body which burn fat.
  • Exercise Benefits. Learn the 60 top benefits of exercise. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.busywomensfitness.com [Source type: General]

^ Decreases body fat and increases lean tissue/muscle mass.

^ Remember, fat does not "turn into" muscle, as is often believed.
  • The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - Council Publications 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fitness.gov [Source type: General]
  • The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - Publications 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fitness.gov [Source type: General]

The muscle is being replaced by fat. .Another element of increased fatty deposits is that of diet, as most trainees will not significantly reduce their diet in order to compensate for the lack of exercise/activity.^ A 1993 study concerning causes of death in the US: #1 Tobacco, #2 Lack of exercise/poor diet, #3 Alcohol.
  • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ However, in combination with a balanced reducing diet , an increase in physical activity seems to encourage the loss of weight which is due mainly to fat losses.
  • Fitness Exercise Workouts with Nutrition Diet is the Key for your Health Exercise and Health Fitness 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.bloggles.info [Source type: General]

^ Services differ from location to location; most offer a variety of exercise and physical activity programs for older adults.
  • CENTER FOR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND AGING - Wichita State University 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC webs.wichita.edu [Source type: Academic]

Excessive exercise

.Exercise is a stressor and the stresses of exercise have a catabolic effect on the body - contractile proteins within muscles are consumed for energy, carbohydrates and fats are similarly consumed and connective tissues are stressed and can form micro-tears.^ Your chi exercise Machine provides benefits such as rejuvenation, reduced stress, increased circulation and increased lymphatic drainage while Vitamineral Green increases your energy and vitality.
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

^ After using a Chi Exercise Machine energy surges throughout your body, warming your muscles and organs, stimulating the sympathetic and lymphatic systems and giving a sense of health and balance.
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

^ Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), an excellent technique for muscle-strength training, is similarly based on applying resistance to muscle contraction in order to facilitate enhancement of muscle contractile force.
  • Therapeutic Exercise: eMedicine Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.However, given adequate nutrition and sufficient rest to avoid overtraining, the body's reaction to this stimulus is to adapt and replete tissues at a higher level than that existing before exercising.^ Avoid activities that cause increased joint pain lasting more than an hour or two after exercise.
  • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

^ Exercising: 10 Proven Tips to Get Started and Stick with It Exercise is an important part of a healthy lifestyle but more than sixty percent of adult Americans are not sufficiently active.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Home Fitness Online provides advice about sagging tummy exercises and attaining higher levels of fitness from the comfort of your own home.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.The results are all the training effects of regular exercise: increased muscular strength, endurance, bone density, and connective tissue toughness.^ Strength Training improves muscular capacity and bone density.
  • Your Orthopaedic Connection: Seniors and Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC orthoinfo.aaos.org [Source type: General]

^ Increasing bone density and strength.
  • Type 2 Diabetes and Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC diabetes.webmd.com [Source type: General]

^ Muscular strength and endurance .
  • 22 Physical Activity and Fitness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.healthypeople.gov [Source type: Academic]

Too much exercise can be harmful. .Without proper rest, the chance of stroke or other circulation problems increases,[39] and muscle tissue may develop slowly.^ You will have a lower chance of being depressed or suffering other types of emotional problems.
  • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

^ Long term and fairly intense weight training can cause thickening of the heart muscle, which increases the need for blood flow through the coronary arteries which may be a problem in those with blockages in those vessels.
  • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

^ This article is being copublished in the April 27, 2004, issue of Circulation and the May 2004 issue of Stroke .
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

.Inappropriate exercise can do more harm than good, with the definition of "inappropriate" varying according to the individual.^ A program should progress gradually from lower intensity drills to more advanced plyometric exercises particularly in an individual with less strength training experience.

^ Exercise causes the release of various neurotransmitters such as dopamine, serotonin and endorphins which make you feel good.
  • aging-management.com - Optimising Health for Longevity 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC aging-management.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm always amazed at simple-minded researchers who can't seem to handle anything more than a single variable equation.
  • physical exercise news and articles 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.naturalnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For many activities, especially running, there are significant injuries that occur with poorly regimented exercise schedules.^ There are many exercise machines, which provide the necessary activity.

^ There are many enjoyable activities to participate in.
  • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

^ Injuries can occur if you start physical activity too quickly, with too much intensity, or for too long.
  • Physical Activity Health Information - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment - NY Times Health 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In extreme instances, over-exercising induces serious performance loss.^ Compound exercises are extremely important for growth and fat loss.
  • Weight Training / Lifting Exercises | Exercise Pictures | Workout Exercises 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.myfit.ca [Source type: General]

^ For instance, if the patient is taking an older tricyclic antidepressant, such side effects such as orthostatic hypertension and sedation may conflict with the patients ability to perform aerobic exercises.
  • Exercise And Depression 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.vanderbilt.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Unaccustomed overexertion of muscles leads to rhabdomyolysis (damage to muscle) most often seen in new army recruits.^ Ways To Fit Exercise into Your Busy Life Most of us lead such busy lives these days that it is often difficult to fit in any sort of regular exercise.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

[40] .Another danger is overtraining in which the intensity or volume of training exceeds the body's capacity to recover between bouts.^ A properly selected exercise training regimen improves cardiovascular health and the gross functional capacity of the human body.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Clayton strongly emphasized the difference between military-style workouts and actual military training, renown for its rigorous methods of focusing the mind and reshaping the body.

[41]
.Stopping excessive exercise suddenly can also create a change in mood.^ Exercise improves mood by producing positive biochemical changes in the body and brain.
  • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

^ By simply changing the position of your body and therefore the leverage, you can create exercises which even advanced trainers would struggle to do.

^ The effects of exercise on mood changes: The moderating effect of depressed mood.
  • The 25 Most Significant Health Benefits of Physical Activity & Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ideafit.com [Source type: Academic]

.Feelings of depression and agitation can occur when withdrawal from the natural endorphins produced by exercise occurs.^ Exercise causes the release of various neurotransmitters such as dopamine, serotonin and endorphins which make you feel good.
  • aging-management.com - Optimising Health for Longevity 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC aging-management.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It elevates your mood directly (during and just after a workout) by increasing circulation of naturally occurring body chemicals known as endorphins.
  • Self-Soothing Techniques: Physical Exercise - Online Self-Help Book for Mental Health, Mental Illness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.mentalhelp.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, if this occurs while someone is using exercise as a means through which to treat depression, it is most likely that the exercise will begin to work against the original goal.
  • Exercise And Depression 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.vanderbilt.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Exercise should be controlled by each body's inherent limitations.^ Because even though your body desperately needs exercise to improve, you will only get worse if you violate your current limitations.
  • Exercise to Improve Your Body and Your Brain 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mercola.com [Source type: General]

^ Along with monitoring your heart rate , you should also pay attention to how your body feels when you are exercising.
  • Fitness Exercise Workouts with Nutrition Diet is the Key for your Health Exercise and Health Fitness 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.bloggles.info [Source type: General]

^ If your asthma is well controlled, you should be able to do every kind of exercise and sport.
  • Exercise & asthma : Canadian Lung Association 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.lung.ca [Source type: General]

.While one set of joints and muscles may have the tolerance to withstand multiple marathons, another body may be damaged by 20 minutes of light jogging.^ Weight training is good, but start with light weights and one set.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

^ One set of 15 to failure, per body part, should be enough for maintenance during the season.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

^ While playing sports or exercising our bodies hit a point when they cannot go anymore, and we may begin to feel light-headed or dizzy/sick.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

This must be determined for each individual.
.Too much exercise can also cause a female to miss her period, a symptom known as amenorrhea.^ The youth are quite aware of stretching exercises, however, not much is known about stretching exercises for seniors.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Achilles Tendonitis Exercises Achilles tendonitis, also known as Achilles tendinitis is a heel injury caused very often due to overuse of the tendon or tendon rupture.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

[42]

Exercise trends

.Worldwide there has been a large shift towards less physically demanding work.^ There is a distinct difference between working towards mass, and generally exercising your body.

^ Based on one large study, there were no reported adverse events resulting from the physical therapists' diagnoses or management during a 40-month period.
  • Susan G. Komen for the Cure | Understanding Breast Cancer | Complementary Therapies | Physical Therapy 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC ww5.komen.org [Source type: Academic]

[43] .This has been accompanied by increasing use of mechanized transportation, a greater prevalence of labor saving technology in the home, and less active recreational pursuits.^ Using your Chi Exercise Machine before leaving home will help you increase the positive energy you bring with you on your trip.
  • Chi Exercise Machine - Chi Exercise Machines - Chi Vitalizer - Evergain 308DL Chi Exercise Machine 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC allaboutchi.com [Source type: General]

[43]

Nutrition and recovery

.Proper nutrition is as important to health as exercise.^ How to Make Exercising Fun for Your Child To maintain your children's health it is important that they get proper exercises.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Exercise After 50, More Important to Health Than Ever If you want to stay healthy after 50, then exercise is more important than ever, but your body has changed from when you were 20.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.When exercising, it becomes even more important to have a good diet to ensure that the body has the correct ratio of macronutrients whilst providing ample micronutrients, in order to aid the body with the recovery process following strenuous exercise.^ To know more about, why is exercise important, read on...
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Punching Bag Exercises Punching bag exercises, can help give one a good exercise to the entire body.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Through this article learn more about the different exercise bands workouts for the whole body.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

[44]
.Proper rest and recovery are also as important to health as exercise; otherwise the body exists in a permanently injured state and will not improve or adapt adequately to the exercise.^ Recovery from exercise is as important as the exercise stimulus.
  • Exercise: Exercise and Sports Injury: Merck Manual Professional 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Exercise is also used as therapy to restore the body to a state of health.
  • Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.montefiore.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Main Line Health - Alternative Therapy - Physical Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.mainlinehealth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because even though your body desperately needs exercise to improve, you will only get worse if you violate your current limitations.
  • Exercise to Improve Your Body and Your Brain 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mercola.com [Source type: General]

.Hence, it is important to remember to allow adequate recovery between exercise sessions.^ Recovery from exercise is as important as the exercise stimulus.
  • Exercise: Exercise and Sports Injury: Merck Manual Professional 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ROM exercises for the chest and arms are particularly important for the person who has undergone bypass or other open chest heart procedures to prevent problems in the recovery period.
  • HeartPoint: Exercise for Health 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.heartpoint.com [Source type: General]

^ The conditioning portion of the exercise session should be intense enough to elevate the heart rate between 60 - 80% of the maximal heart rate as estimated by a treadmill test.

.It is necessary to refill the glycogen stores in the skeletal muscles and liver.^ [Medline] Ji LL, Stratman FW, Lardy HA. Antioxidant enzyme systems in rat liver and skeletal muscle.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The treatment resulted in 1 ) an 50% decrease in the total glutathione pools of the liver, lung, blood, and plasma and 2 ) an 80–90% decrease in the total glutathione pools of the skeletal muscle and heart.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

^ GSH supplementation did not protect against exercise-associated changes in GSH status and lipid peroxidation in the liver, skeletal muscle, heart, and lung of rats.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

.After exercise, there is a 30 minute window critical to muscle recovery.^ The Surgeon General's report on exercise suggests 30 to 45 minutes a day of brisk walking, bicycling, or working around the house.

^ Acute and chronic muscle function, energy metabolism, and regulatory process of skeletal muscle and muscle cell function during rest, during exercise and during recovery will be the focus of this lecture/laboratory course.
  • Physical Education, Exercise Science & Wellness| The University of North Dakota 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.und.nodak.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Aerobic exercise, 30 to 60 minutes per day 3 days per week, has been shown to have an impact in a variety of experiments.
  • brain training - Combine Physical and Mental Exercise for Brain Health: Interview with Dr. Kramer 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ideamarketers.com [Source type: General]

.Before doing anything else, one should drink something for recovery.^ Is there anything I should do before and after I exercise?
  • Exercise: How To Get Started -- familydoctor.org 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC familydoctor.org [Source type: General]

^ Before you get all steamed up about the lack of truth in advertising for food, you should know that no one regulates calorie content advertising in restaurants.
  • The Cooper Institute Blog - All posts tagged 'physical activity' 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC blog.standupandeat.org [Source type: General]

^ Doing cardio first thing in the morning, on an empty stomach, before you eat anything, is by far, the most effective.
  • When to exercise? Morning or evening? Before food or after... - Q&A 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

.Liquids are ideal after exercise and there are several studies that show low-fat milk and chocolate milk as being effective recovery beverages because of its ideal 4:1 combination of carbohydrate and protein that fuels and replenishes our muscles the best.^ Squats This is an effective way to exercise several muscles at one time.

^ A new study shows that to lose weight and keep it off, you need to exercise about an hour a day, five days per week.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Goals of Prescribed Physical Activity/Exercise Traditionally, the physical rehabilitation of individuals typically ended within several months after stroke because it was believed that most if not all recovery of motor function occurred during this interval.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

[45][46] .Branched-chain amino acids are also recommended for exercise recovery.^ After the surgery, rest for first two weeks is advised and exercises for the later weeks are recommended by the doctor, for recovery after bunion surgery.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Four of these proteins are found in -ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes: the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, the branched-chain keto-acid dehydrogenase complex, and the -ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]
.The above two factors can be compromised by psychological compulsions (eating disorders such as exercise bulimia, anorexia, and other bulimias), misinformation, a lack of organization, or a lack of motivation.^ Compulsive Exercise- (anorexia athletica/exercise bulimia) .
  • Exercise | LIVESTRONG.COM 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ An introduction to such topics as career opportunities, exercise, nutrition, life-style changes, related professional organization and publications, physiological and psychological research, and other current information for wellness and fitness professionals.
  • Curriculum, Exercise Science, School of Physical Education 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.bsu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Consider taking a class or exercising with a buddy- it can be easier to stay motivated if there is a set time to exercise and you are able to socialize with others as well.
  • Senior Fitness and Exercise: Guidelines and Tips for Older Adults 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.helpguide.org [Source type: General]

.These all lead to a decreased state of health.^ These diseases, which include chronic bronchitis and emphysema, are the fourth leading cause of death in the United States.

^ A gradual decrease in T wave amplitude is observed in all leads during early exercise.

^ As we wrote in the Introduction, what we wanted to do first of all was to debunks these 10 myths on brain health and brain training: .
  • Physical-Exercise | SharpBrains 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.sharpbrains.com [Source type: General]

.Delayed onset muscle soreness can occur after any kind of exercise, particularly if the body is in an unconditioned state relative to that exercise.^ Toning Exercises for Men The secret of a lean and toned body lies in having good amount of muscle mass and optimum body fat.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ Toning Exercises Without Weights Toning exercises aim to reduce body fat and build muscle.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ There are exercises with the help of which you can tone the muscles in your body.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

[47]

History

The benefits of exercise have been known since antiquity. .Marcus Cicero, around 65 BC, stated: “It is exercise alone that supports the spirits, and keeps the mind in vigor.”[48] However, the link between physical health and exercise (or lack of it) was only discovered in 1949 and reported in 1953 by a team led by Jerry Morris.^ Mindless steady state cardio exercise while watching tv or reading creates a mind / body disconnect resulting in poor results from your exercise routine .

^ Studies have compared manual vs. However, studies are lacking that compare physical therapy to placebo or other interventions.
  • Susan G. Komen for the Cure | Understanding Breast Cancer | Complementary Therapies | Physical Therapy 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC ww5.komen.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In 1978 Dillard et al ( 27 ) examined the relation between physical exercise and oxidative tissue damage in humans.
  • Thiol homeostasis and supplements in physical exercise -- Sen and Packer 72 (2): 653S -- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ajcn.org [Source type: Academic]

[49][50] .Dr Morris noted that men of similar social class and occupation (bus conductors versus bus drivers) had markedly different rates of heart attacks, depending on the level of exercise they got: bus drivers had a sedentary occupation and a higher incidence of heart disease, while bus conductors were forced to move continually and had a lower incidence heart disease.^ A number of well designed and carefully analyzed observational studies have shown the incidence of coronary heart disease to be approximately 2-fold higher among sedentary men than among men who regularly participate in vigorous leisuretime or occupational physical activity.
  • Physical Fitness and Exercise: The Facts 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.healthguidance.org [Source type: Academic]

^ When family members are primary caregivers for the stroke survivor, they too may become socially isolated, which will further limit the potential venues for physical activity and exercise.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Check Your Physical Activity & Heart Disease I.Q. For consumers, a 2-page true-false quiz covers exercise myths and information on ways to improve heart health.
  • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

[50] This link had not previously been noted and was later confirmed by other researchers.

See also

References

  1. ^ Stampfer, M. J.; Hu, F. B.; Manson, J. E.; Rimm, E. B.; Willett, W. C. (2000). "Primary Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease in Women through Diet and Lifestyle". New England Journal of Medicine 343 (1): 16. doi:10.1056/NEJM200007063430103. PMID 10882764.  edit
  2. ^ Hu., F., Manson, J., Stampfer, M., Graham, C., et al. (2001). Diet, lifestyle, and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in women. The New England Journal of Medicine, 345(11), 790-797. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from ProQuest database.
  3. ^ Strengthening exercise: (...) "Strengthening exercise increases muscle strength and mass, bone strength, and the body's metabolism. It can help attain and maintain proper weight and improve body image and self-esteem" (...)
  4. ^ WHO: Obesity and overweight
  5. ^ O'Connor, D., Crowe, M., Spinks, W. 2005. Effects of static stretching on leg power during cycling. Turin, 46(1), 52-56. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from ProQuest database.
  6. ^ Wilmore, J., Knuttgen, H. 2003. Aerobic Exercise and Endurance Improving Fitness for Health Benefits. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 31(5). 45. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from ProQuest database.
  7. ^ de Vos, N., Singh, N., Ross, D., Stavrinos, T., et al. 2005. Optimal Load for Increasing Muscle Power During Explosive Resistance Training in Older Adults. The Journals of Gerontology, 60A(5), 638-647. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from ProQuest database.
  8. ^ Cohen, S., & Williamson, G. M. (1991). Stress and infectious disease in humans. Psychological Bulletin, 109, 5–24
  9. ^ Jason Menoutis, Ed.D. (2008). "Physical Activity and Health." (Abstract). Nasm Pro. http://www.nasm.org/nasmpro/library/showarticle.aspx?id=14220#one. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  10. ^ Borer, KT; Wuorineen EC, Lukos JR, Denver JW, Porges SW, Burant F (August 2009). "Two bouts of exercise before meals but not after meals, lower fasting blood glucose". Medicine in Science and Sports and Exercise 41 (8): 1606–14. doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e31819dfe14. PMID 19568199. 
  11. ^ Wislett, Ulrik; Ellingsen O, Kemi O. (July 2009). "High=Intensity Interval Training to Maximize Cardiac Benefit of Exercise Taining?". Exercise and Sports Sciences Reviews 37 (3): 139–146. doi:10.1097/JES.0b013e3181aa65fc. PMID 19550205. 
  12. ^ Hanc, J. 1987. Your Health Behind the Runner\'s Euphoria. \'\'Newsday, April 21, 1987,\'\' 11. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from ProQuest database
  13. ^ a b Sparling PB, Giuffrida A, Piomelli D, Rosskopf L, Dietrich A (December 2003). "Exercise activates the endocannabinoid system". Neuroreport 14 (17): 2209–11. doi:10.1097/01.wnr.0000097048.56589.47 (inactive 2010-03-18). PMID 14625449. 
  14. ^ a b Burfoot, Amby (June 2004). "Runner's High". Runner's World. http://www.runnersworld.com/article/0,7120,s6-243-297--1102-0,00.html. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  15. ^ Bouchard, Claude; Ping An, Treva Rice, James S. Skinner, Jack H. Wilmore, Jacques Gagnon, Louis Perusse, Arthus S. Leon, D. C. Rao (September 1, 1999). "Familial aggregation of VO(2max) response to exercise training: results from the HERITAGE Family Study.". Journal of Applied Physiology 87 (3): 1003–1008. PMID 10484570. http://jap.physiology.org/cgi/content/abstract/87/3/1003?ijkey=189eebcbc5a461258da582b4aef41ebcf7bec51f&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha. Retrieved 2007-07-17. 
  16. ^ Kolata, Gina (February 12, 2002). "Why Some People Won't Be Fit Despite Exercise". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9406EEDE113CF931A25751C0A9649C8B63&sec=health. Retrieved 2007-07-17. 
  17. ^ Hubal, MJ; Gordish-Dressman H, Thompson PD, Price TB, Hoffman EP, Angelopoulos TJ, Gordon PM, Moyna NM, Pescatello LS, Visich PS, Zoeller RF, Seip RL, Clarkson PM (June 2005). "Variability in muscle size and strength gain after unilateral resistance training.". Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 37 (6): 964–972. PMID 15947721. 
  18. ^ Brutsaert, Tom D.; Esteban J. Parra (2006). "What makes a champion? Explaining variation in human athletic performance." (PDF). Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology 151: 109–123. doi:10.1016/j.resp.2005.12.013. http://www.erin.utoronto.ca/~eparra/profile/PDF%20files/Brutsaert%20and%20Parra,%202006.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-17. 
  19. ^ Geddes, Linda (2007-07-28). "Superhuman". New Scientist. pp. 35–41. 
  20. ^ "Being active combats risk of functional problems". http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_58065.html. 
  21. ^ a b c Gleeson M (August 2007). "Immune function in sport and exercise". J. Appl. Physiol. 103 (2): 693–9. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00008.2007. PMID 17303714. http://jap.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/103/2/693. 
  22. ^ Hertzog C, Kramer AF, Wilson S, Lindenberger U. (2008). "Enrichment Effects on Adult Cognitive Development: Can the Functional Capacity of Older Adults Be" (PDF). Psychological Science in the Public Interest 9 (1): 1–65. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6053.2009.01034.x. http://www.psychologicalscience.org/journals/pspi/pdf/PSPI_9_1%20main_text.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-07. 
  23. ^ van Praag H, Kempermann G, Gage FH., H; Kempermann, G; Gage, FH (1999). "Ontogeny Running increases cell proliferation and neurogenesis in the adult mouse dentate gyrus." (Abstract). Nature Neuroscience. 2 (3): 266–70. doi:10.1038/6368. PMID 10195220. 
  24. ^ Clément Grondard et al., C; Biondi, O; Armand, AS; Lécolle, S; Della Gaspera, B; Pariset, C; Li, H; Gallien, CL et al. (2005). "Regular Exercise Prolongs Survival in a Type 2 Spinal Muscular Atrophy Model Mouse." (Abstract). The Journal of Neuroscience. 25 (33): 7615–7622. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1245-05.2005. PMID 16107648. 
  25. ^ West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources
  26. ^ Could Exercise Regenerate Alcohol-Damaged Neurons? - Levin 41 (23): 20 - Psychiatr News
  27. ^ van Praag H, Kempermann G, Gage FH (March 1999). "Running increases cell proliferation and neurogenesis in the adult mouse dentate gyrus". Nat. Neurosci. 2 (3): 266–70. doi:10.1038/6368. PMID 10195220. 
  28. ^ Hunsberger JG, Newton SS, Bennett AH, Duman CH, Russell DS, Salton SR, Duman RS (2007). "Antidepressant actions of the exercise-regulated gene VGF". Nat. Med. 13 (12): 1476–82. doi:10.1038/nm1669. PMID 18059283. 
  29. ^ Parker-Pope, T. (2001). For a Healthy Brain You Really Need to Use Your Head -- Physical and Mental Exercise Can Stave Off Mental Decline. The Wall Street Journal Europe, November 26, 2001, 8. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from ProQuest database.
  30. ^ Edward McAuley,* Arthur F. Kramer, and Stanley J. Colcombe, E (2004). "Cardiovascular fitness and neurocognitive function in older Adults: a brief review." (PDF). BRAIN, BEHAVIOR, and IMMUNITY. 18 (2004): 214–220. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2003.12.007. http://www.kch.uiuc.edu/labs/exercise-psychology/Library/pubs/McAuley_Brain_Behavior_Immunity_2004.pdf. Retrieved 2007-03-28. 
  31. ^ Keith W. Johnsgard (2004). books?id=A6oIAAAACAAJ Conquering Depression and Anxiety Through Exercise. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. ISBN 9781591021926. http://books.google.co.uk books?id=A6oIAAAACAAJ. 
  32. ^ a b c The influence of physical activity on mental well-being. Dr. Kenneth R. Fox, Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Priory House, Woodlands Rd., Bristol, UK
  33. ^ Andrea ByrdBiology 202, Serotonin and Its Uses.1999 First Web Reports On Serendip http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/neuro/neuro99/web1/Byrd.html
  34. ^ Public Health Nutrition (1999), 2:411-418 Cambridge University Pressdoi:10.1017/S1368980099000567 Research Article
  35. ^ Catherine Owen. How Exercise Helps Alleviate Depression: article.cfm/how_exercise_helps_alleviate_depression#ixzz0VCyzJkMB
  36. ^ Kahn, E. B., Ramsey, L. T., Brownson, R. C. et al. (May 2002). "The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity. A systematic review". Am J Prev Med 22 (4 Suppl): 73–107. doi:10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00434-8. PMID 11985936. 
  37. ^ "www.paho.org". Pan American Health Organization. http://www.paho.org/English/DD/PIN/ePersp001_article01.htm. Retrieved January 10, 2009. 
  38. ^ Austin, B. 2006. Don't Let Your Body Go Into Starvation Mode. Wisconsin State Journal, April 1, 2006, 46. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from ProQuest database.
  39. ^ Alexander, C. 1998. Cutting weight, losing life. News & Observer, February 8, 1998, A.1. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from ProQuest database.
  40. ^ Jimenez, C., Pacheco, E., Moreno, A., Carpenter, A. 1996. A Soldier's Neck and Shoulder Pain. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 24(6), 81-82. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from ProQuest database.
  41. ^ The Physicial and Sportsmedicine on Overtraining
  42. ^ Julia Berry; Anne Bradley; Hillery Magness. "Amenorrhea". The Female Athlete Triad. University of Oregon, Department of Human Physiology. http://www.uoregon.edu/~hphy/AT/FATriad/links/amenorrhea.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  43. ^ a b "WHO: Obesity and overweight". World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/facts/obesity/en/. Retrieved January 10, 2009. 
  44. ^ Kimber, N., Heigenhauser, G., Spriet, L., and Dyck, D. 2003. Skeletal muscle fat and carbohydrate metabolism during recovery from glycogen-depleting exercise in humans. The Journal of Phsyiology, 548(Pt. 3), 919-927.
  45. ^ http://www.winforum.org/PES-pdf/Spring-2008-web.pdf
  46. ^ http://www.betterbreakfast.org/Quotable.html
  47. ^ Mirkin, G. 2005. Exercise requires time for recovery. Washington Times, May 29, 2005, C.11. Retrieved October 5, 2006, from ProQuest database.
  48. ^ "Quotes About Exercise Top 10 List.". http://www.inspirational-quotes-and-quotations.com/quotes-about-exercise.html. 
  49. ^ Kuper, Simon (11 September 2009). "The man who invented exercise". Financial Times. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/e6ff90ea-9da2-11de-9f4a-00144feabdc0.html. Retrieved 12 September 2009. 
  50. ^ a b Morris JN, Heady JA, Raffle PA, Roberts CG, Parks JW (1953). "Coronary heart-disease and physical activity of work". Lancet 265 (6795): 1053–7. PMID 13110049. 

Sources

  • Donatelle, Rebecca J. (2005). Health, The Basics (6th ed.). San Francisco: Pearson Education. .ISBN 0-8053-2852-1. 
  • Hardman, A.; Stensel, D. 2009. Physical Activity and Health: The Evidence Explained.^ NIH Consensus Development Panel on Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health.
    • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Physical activity and public health: a recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine.
    • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Dilietro L. Physical activity in aging: changes in patterns and their relationship to health and function.
    • Physical Activity 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fiu.edu [Source type: Academic]

    London: Routledge ISBN 978-0-415-42198-0

Further reading

.
  • Guidance on the promotion and creation of physical environments that support increased levels of physical activity.^ Increase the proportion of worksites offering employer-sponsored physical activity and fitness programs.
    • 22 Physical Activity and Fitness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.healthypeople.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ CDC. Guidelines for school and community programs to promote lifelong physical activity among young people.
    • 22 Physical Activity and Fitness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.healthypeople.gov [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Increase the proportion of adults who engage regularly, preferably daily, in moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes per day.
    • 22 Physical Activity and Fitness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.healthypeople.gov [Source type: Academic]

    "Physical activity and the environment". http://www.nice.org.uk/Guidance/PH8. 

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Exercise is the performance of some activity in order to develop or maintain physical fitness.^ Exercise and physical activity for older adults.
  • Physical Activity and Exercise Recommendations for Stroke Survivors: An American Heart Association Scientific Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Subcommittee on Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation, and Prevention; the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism; and the Stroke Council -- Gordon et al. 109 (16): 2031 -- Circulation 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC circ.ahajournals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Differences between physical activity and exercise .
  • Physical activity and exercise when you have diabetes 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.allina.com [Source type: General]
  • Physical activity and exercise when you have diabetes 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.mercyunity.com [Source type: General]

^ Working Out, Going to the Gym, Exercise) Physical exercise is the performance of some activity in order to develop or maintain physical fitness and overall health.
  • Physical Exercise: 10648 user reviews - DailyStrength 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]

Sourced

.
  • If you would get exercise, go in search of the springs of life.^ Would it surprise you to know that it is EXERCISE?!
    • The Cooper Institute Blog - All posts tagged 'physical activity' 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC blog.standupandeat.org [Source type: General]

    ^ You are definitely not going to stay in the same condtion just because of  nature and the ageing process but you can stay alive and mobile a lot longer if you do exercise.

    ^ Putting your exercise off another day is not going to help you one bit.

    • Henry David Thoreau, “Walking” (1862), in The Writings of Henry David Thoreau, vol. 5, p. .209, Houghton Mifflin (1906)
  • Exercise and application produce order in our affairs, health of body, cheerfulness of mind, and these make us precious to our friends.^ When we drink sports drinks, we are actually able to function much better and exercise for longer because our bodies are getting the proper nutrients.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    ^ As a profession we need to combine our creative capabilities in exercise programming with our highly developed technologies and utilize these research applications to design new strategies for getting more people, of all ages, physically active and exercising.
    • The 25 Most Significant Health Benefits of Physical Activity & Exercise 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.ideafit.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Let us understand the importance of chest exercises, and the information about how to perform these exercises.
    • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

    • Thomas Jefferson, Letter to his daughter, Martha Jefferson. (March 28, 1787) The Family Letters of Thomas Jefferson, p. 34, eds. E.M. Betts and J.A. Bear, Jr. (1966)
  • I get my exercise running to the funerals of my friends who exercise. .
    • Barry Gray, New York magazine (May 19, 1980)
  • I feel about exercise the same way that I feel about a few other things: that there is nothing wrong with it if it is done in private by consenting adults.^ There is no other way.
    • Weight Training & Weight Lifting Tips, Exercises,Workouts, Programs 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.exercisegoals.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Learn new ways and new techniques for exercising.

    ^ Consider taking a class or exercising with a buddy- it can be easier to stay motivated if there is a set time to exercise and you are able to socialize with others as well.
    • Senior Fitness and Exercise: Guidelines and Tips for Older Adults 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.helpguide.org [Source type: General]

  • Walking is the natural recreation for a man who desires not absolutely to suppress his intellect but to turn it out to play for a season.^ I've always taken great pleasure in training the man or woman who walks into the gym for the first time.

    ^ If you are one of those people who face turns red while you are sweating it out, then read on for more information on red face when exercising and its solutions.
    • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

    ^ For people who don't like to exercise , walking can be an effective way to combine physical activity with recreation.
    • Exercise | LIVESTRONG.COM 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

    • Leslie Stephen, Studies of a Biographer: Second Series (London: Duckworth, 1902) vol. 3, p. 261

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:
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Look up exercise in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

.Biceps Curl Strengthens upper-arm muscles.^ Strengthening those arm muscles.

^ Hamstring Exercises & Workouts to build leg biceps - Strengthening Tips Best Hamstring exercises to develop Hamstring muscles including Leg curls, Straight-leg deadlifts, squats, lunges and Good mornings.
  • Weight Training & Weight Lifting Tips, Exercises,Workouts, Programs 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.exercisegoals.com [Source type: General]

^ Flaccid arm muscles can be transformed by adhering to these Bicep and Tricep exercises.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.
  1. Sit in armless chair with your back supported by back of chair and keep feet flat on the floor.
  2. Hold hand weights straight down at your sides, with palms facing inward.
  3. Slowly bend one elbow, lifting weight toward chest and hold for 1 second.^ Lie on the floor on your back and lift one leg at a time, hold for 5 seconds and lower it back.
    • Teen Health - Health Topics - Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Make sure you pull the weight towards you while keeping your shoulders back and down.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hold for a moment and lower back down.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    .(Rotate palm to face shoulder while lifting weight.^ He easily could have broken both wrists and had the weights fall on his face/shoulders/chest/abdomen and break something.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Rotate your body so that the weight rests on left shoulder.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In general, these muscles are not strengthened with a typical weight lifting routine and so they are often weaker than the primary movers of the shoulder.
    • Cyclone Sports Medicine, "A Physical Therapy Center" Injury Webpage 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.public.iastate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    )
  4. .
  5. Slowly lower arm to starting position.^ Slowly raise and lower alternating arms.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Lower your stomach to the starting position.

    ^ Begin to slowly lower your body maintaining the hollow position and keeping your arms straight throughout.
    • Explosive Strength Training with Plyometrics and Isometric Exercises 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.isometricexercisesite.com [Source type: General]

    Pause. .Repeat with other arm.
  6. Alternate arms until you have done 8 to 15 repetitions with each arm.^ Understand that the only difference between you and other who have great physiques you admire is your ability to get started and persist until you achieve your goal.
    • Weight Training & Weight Lifting Tips, Exercises,Workouts, Programs 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.exercisegoals.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Before birth you created neurons, the brain cells that communicate with each other, at the rate of 15 million per hour!
    • The Human Brain - Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fi.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ That means that you don't stop until you fail at doing the repetition.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    Rest; then do another set of 8 to 15 alternating repetitions.
.Knee Flexion Strengthens muscles in back of thigh.^ It is also incredible for strengthening the muscles in your back.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

^ Strong muscles also support and stabilise bone joints (such as ankles, knees, hips, shoulders and backs), reducing the risk of injury.
  • Young Adult Health - Health Topics - Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: General]

^ THE QUADRICEPS is a four-part powerful muscle that run along the front of the thigh and attach to the front of the shinbone, just below the knee.

.Use ankle weights, if you are ready.^ Luckily, you can use a math equation to keep your weight in check.
  • Physical Exercise | LIVESTRONG.COM 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Using Exercise As A Natural Insomnia Cure Exercise is great for your general health and for losing weight, but did you know that it is also an excellent natural insomnia cure?
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ The sum total of calories used over time will help regulate your weight as well as keep you physically fit.
  • The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - Council Publications 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fitness.gov [Source type: General]
  • The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - Publications 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fitness.gov [Source type: General]

.
  1. Stand straight holding onto a table or chair for balance and slowly bend knee as far as possible.^ Stand, holding onto the back of a chair for support.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Slowly lower your foot, bending your knee.

    ^ Hold onto back of chair or counter top for support.

    .Don’t move your upper leg at all; bend your knee only.
  2. Hold position for 1 second.^ Hold each position for 30 seconds.

    ^ Once your knees have been moved to the left, hold them for five seconds.

    ^ Straighten your legs a little when you are able to hold the position for 10 to 15 seconds.
    • Explosive Strength Training with Plyometrics and Isometric Exercises 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.isometricexercisesite.com [Source type: General]

    .Slowly lower foot all the way back down.^ Hold for a moment and lower back down.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Sitting up all the way is hard on your lower back.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Slowly lower down to the floor while inhaling.

    .Pause.
  3. Repeat with other leg.^ Repeat with the other leg .
    • Fitness Exercise Workouts with Nutrition Diet is the Key for your Health Exercise and Health Fitness 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.bloggles.info [Source type: General]

    ^ Repeat on other leg.

    .Alternate legs until you have done 8 to 15 repetitions with each leg.^ Grab leg and pull up further until you feel a gentle pull in the hamstring Hold for 10 - 20 seconds.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If necessary, start by lifting one leg at a time until you are able to lift both.
    • Physical Exercise: Part of Your Pain Care Plan 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.painfoundation.org [Source type: General]

    ^ If you can handle five repetitions without post exercise pain, then slowly add a couple of repetitions each week until you reach 15 repetitions).
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    Rest; then do another set of 8 to 15 alternating repetitions.
Hip Flexion
.
  1. Stand straight to the side or behind a chair or table, holding on for balance.
  2. Slowly bend one knee toward chest, without bending waist or hips.
  3. Hold position for 1 second.
  4. Slowly lower leg all the way down.^ Hold this position for 5 seconds and then slowly move back to the starting position.

    ^ Hold this position for 3 seconds.

    ^ Stand tall with your feet about 10-12 inches apart.  Raise your arms as straight up into the air as high as you can and hold it.  Then stretch just a little more..  Hold for 10 seconds then lower arms to floor (or as close as you can).    Keep legs relaxed yet straight and feet flat on floor during this.  Repeat 12 times.

    Pause. .Repeat with other leg.^ Repeat with the other leg .
    • Fitness Exercise Workouts with Nutrition Diet is the Key for your Health Exercise and Health Fitness 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.bloggles.info [Source type: General]

    .Alternate legs until you have done 8 to 15 repetitions with each leg.^ Grab leg and pull up further until you feel a gentle pull in the hamstring Hold for 10 - 20 seconds.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If necessary, start by lifting one leg at a time until you are able to lift both.
    • Physical Exercise: Part of Your Pain Care Plan 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.painfoundation.org [Source type: General]

    ^ If you can handle five repetitions without post exercise pain, then slowly add a couple of repetitions each week until you reach 15 repetitions).
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    Rest; then do another set of 8 to 15 alternating repetitions.
.Side Leg Raise Strengthens muscles at sides of hips and thighs.^ Leg and arm raises : Strengthening exercise for back and hip muscles.
  • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

^ From ‘too fat, heavy and flabby’ to ‘very lumpy, unshapely and covered with cellulite’ – the female leg, butt, hip, thigh and tummy areas can be the toughest problem areas to fix.
  • Lower Body Makeover, Leg Butt Hip Thigh Exercises for Women 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.lowerbodymakeover.com [Source type: General]

^ Leg Strengthening Exercises There are many simple leg strengthening exercises that you can carry out from the comfort of your home, in order to strengthen the muscle groups in your leg.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.Use ankle weights, if you are ready.^ Using Exercise As A Natural Insomnia Cure Exercise is great for your general health and for losing weight, but did you know that it is also an excellent natural insomnia cure?
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ The sum total of calories used over time will help regulate your weight as well as keep you physically fit.
  • The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - Council Publications 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fitness.gov [Source type: General]
  • The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports - Publications 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.fitness.gov [Source type: General]

^ To increase your mass, you need to use heavy weights, and only do three sets containing eight repetitions each.

.
  1. Stand straight, directly behind table or chair, feet slightly apart.
  2. Hold onto a table or chair for balance.
  3. Slowly lift one leg 6-12 inches out to side.^ Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and raise your arms out to your sides.

    ^ Lift one leg up and balance on the other leg.

    ^ Stand, holding onto the back of a chair for support.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    .Keep your back and both legs straight.^ Keep back straight.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Keep your back straight and legs straight.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Remember to keep your back straight as you do this exercise.
    • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

    .Don’t point your toes outward; keep them facing forward.
  4. Hold position for 1 second.^ Hold this position for 3 seconds.

    ^ Lie on the floor on your back and lift one leg at a time, hold for 5 seconds and lower it back.
    • Teen Health - Health Topics - Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: General]

    ^ But it would all be worthless without the ability to capture your imagination and to keep you looking forward to each training session.
    • Bodyweight Exercise Revolution Complete Program: Bodyweight Workouts That Deliver 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bodyweightexerciserevolution.com [Source type: General]

    .Slowly lower leg.^ Slowly lower leg to floor.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    Pause. .Repeat with other leg.
  5. Alternate legs until you have done 8 to 15 repetitions with each leg.^ Repeat with the other leg .
    • Fitness Exercise Workouts with Nutrition Diet is the Key for your Health Exercise and Health Fitness 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.bloggles.info [Source type: General]

    ^ Repeat on other leg.

    ^ If necessary, start by lifting one leg at a time until you are able to lift both.
    • Physical Exercise: Part of Your Pain Care Plan 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.painfoundation.org [Source type: General]

    Rest; then do another set of 8 to 15 alternating repetitions.
Stretching Exercises
.Alternative Hamstrings Stretch Stretches muscles in the back of the thigh.^ Hamstring (back of thigh) Stretch: Lying flat on back.
  • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

^ This stretches the muscles in the backs of your legs.
  • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, to stretch your hamstrings from the common inside hurdler’s stretch, sit on the floor with your right leg extended and the sole of your left foot against your right inner thigh.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

.
  1. Stand behind chair, holding the back of it with both hands.
  2. Bend forward from the hips (not waist), keeping back and shoulders straight at all times.
  3. When upper body is parallel to floor, hold position for 10 to 30 seconds.^ Hold each position for 30 seconds.

    ^ Hold for 10 - 30 seconds.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hold 10 - 20 seconds.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    You should feel a stretch in the backs of your thighs.
  4. Repeat 3 to 5 times.
.Ankles Stretches front ankle muscles.^ Hip flexors (front of hips) Stretch: Tightness in these muscles can affect the alignment of the knee bones.

  1. Remove your shoes. .Sit toward the front edge of a chair and lean back, using pillows to support your back.
  2. Stretch legs out in front of you.
  3. With your heels still on the floor, bend ankles to point feet toward you.^ Sit on the floor with your knees slightly bent and your back straight.
    • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This begins with you lying on the floor on your back, bending the knees and relaxing the back.

    ^ It brings you back to your roots.
    • Fighting Depression with Exercise | The Art of Manliness 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC artofmanliness.com [Source type: General]

    .Bend ankles to point feet away from you.
  4. If you don’t feel the stretch, repeat with your feet slightly off the floor.^ Bend your knees slightly and keep your feet flat on the floor.
    • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You should feel a stretch in your sides.
    • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You'll feel a nice stretch on the inside of your thigh.
    • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

    .Hold the position for 1 second.^ Hold position for 10 seconds.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hold this position for 3 seconds.

    ^ Return the knees to the center position, slowly moving them to the right, again holding for five seconds before returning to the center.

    Repeat 3 to 5 times.
.Triceps Stretch Stretches muscles in back of upper arm.^ This stretches the muscles in the backs of your legs.
  • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Lie on back, arms stretched out to the sides.
  • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

^ Stretching exercises lengthen shortened muscles and relieve back pain.
  • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

.
  1. Hold one end of a towel in right hand.
  2. Raise and bend right arm to drape towel down back.^ Hold for a moment and lower back down.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ By forcing yourself to use your left hand to brush your teeth (if you normally use your right), guess where the signal comes from for your left arm to do that?
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Lie on the floor on your back and lift one leg at a time, hold for 5 seconds and lower it back.
    • Teen Health - Health Topics - Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: General]

    .Keep your right arm in this position, and continue holding onto the towel.
  3. Reach behind your lower back and grasp bottom end of towel with left hand.
  4. Climb left hand progressively higher up towel, which also pulls your right arm down.^ Your arms will naturally find the right position this way.

    ^ When you step forward with your left foot, your right foot is now back behind you.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Place your left hand on your hip and raise your right arm up.
    • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

    .Continue until your hands touch, or as close to that as you can comfortably go.^ Are you afraid of what’s going to happen to your body as you continue to get older?
    • Lower Body Makeover, Leg Butt Hip Thigh Exercises for Women 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.lowerbodymakeover.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Place your hands comfortably on the bar.

    ^ Which hand do you brush your teeth with?
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    Reverse positions. Repeat each position 3 to 5 times.
.Shoulder Rotation Stretches shoulder muscles.^ Finally, the rotator cuff can only function appropriately if these muscles have a firm base to pull from- once again highlighting the importance of the scapular muscles to stabilize the shoulder blade.
  • Cyclone Sports Medicine, "A Physical Therapy Center" Injury Webpage 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.public.iastate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because the rotator cuff muscles originate on the shoulder blade, it should be apparent that shoulder stability is largely dependent upon the scapular muscles (trapezius, rhomboids, serratus anterior).
  • Cyclone Sports Medicine, "A Physical Therapy Center" Injury Webpage 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.public.iastate.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  1. Lie flat on floor, pillow under head, legs straight.^ Place hands under buttocks for support and make sure your lower back remains flat on the floor.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Keep the lower back flat on the floor and neck straight.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Lie on the floor on your back and lift one leg at a time, hold for 5 seconds and lower it back.
    • Teen Health - Health Topics - Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: General]

    If your
back bothers you, place a rolled towel under your knees.
.
  1. Stretch arms straight out to side.^ Bring your arms in together straight out in front of you, palms out, and extend back out.
    • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and raise your arms out to your sides.

    ^ Extend your arms out to the sides, bend them at the elbows, and make fists.
    • Stress Management, exercise, tension relief, Aerobic Exercise, Anaerobic Exercise, Low Impact Exercise, neck exercises, holisticonline.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holisticonline.com [Source type: General]

    .Your shoulders and upper arms will remain flat on the floor throughout this exercise.
  2. Bend elbows so that your hands are pointing toward the ceiling.^ Place hands flat on floor.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Stand in same position, body straight, feet flat.  Lift shoulders straight up toward ceiling, hold for 3 seconds, then roll shoulders backward and hold 3 seconds.  Lower shoulders to normal position.  Repeat 12 times.  On last one connect fingers of each hand behind your back.  Straighten elbows as much as possible and hold for 10 seconds, creating arched back and good stretch.

    ^ By forcing yourself to use your left hand to brush your teeth (if you normally use your right), guess where the signal comes from for your left arm to do that?
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    .Let your arms slowly roll backwards from the elbow.^ Completion – Move the bar back to the starting position by extending your arms and locking your elbows.

    ^ Create circular motions with your arms, doing first forward circles, then backward circles.

    ^ Let's learn how to do this properly: Lay flat on your stomach with arms extended above your head.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    .Stop when you feel a stretch or slight discomfort, and stop immediately if you feel a pinching sensation or a sharp pain.
  3. Hold position for 10 to 30 seconds.
  4. Slowly raise your arms, still bent at the elbow, to point toward the ceiling again.^ Hold for 30 seconds.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Slowly raise and lower alternating arms.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Stop right away if you feel new pain or discomfort.
    • Physical activity and exercise when you have diabetes 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.allina.com [Source type: General]
    • Physical activity and exercise when you have diabetes 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.mercyunity.com [Source type: General]

    .Then let your arms slowly roll forward, remaining bent at the elbow, to point toward your hips.^ Movement – Keep your focus forward, and use your front knee to lower the trailing knee towards the ground.

    ^ Begin to slowly lower your body maintaining the hollow position and keeping your arms straight throughout.
    • Explosive Strength Training with Plyometrics and Isometric Exercises 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.isometricexercisesite.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Let's learn how to do this properly: Lay flat on your stomach with arms extended above your head.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    .Stop when you feel a stretch or slight discomfort.^ If you feel pain, stop.
    • Exercise, Stretching, Physical Fitness, Yoga, Weight Training, Pilates at Peacefulmind.com - alternative therapies for healing mind, body, spirit 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.peacefulmind.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Stop right away if you feel new pain or discomfort.
    • Physical activity and exercise when you have diabetes 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.allina.com [Source type: General]
    • Physical activity and exercise when you have diabetes 24 January 2010 23:11 UTC www.mercyunity.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Lean forward (keeping back straight), reaching for foot until you feel a slight pull on you hamstring.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    .Hold position for 10 to 30 seconds.
  5. Alternate pointing above head, then toward ceiling, then toward hips.^ Hold for 10 - 30 seconds.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hold 10 - 20 seconds.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hold for 10 - 20 seconds.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    .Begin and end with pointing-above-head position.^ While playing sports or exercising our bodies hit a point when they cannot go anymore, and we may begin to feel light-headed or dizzy/sick.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    Repeat 3 to 5 times.
.Single Hip Rotation Stretches muscles of pelvis and inner thigh.^ For example, to stretch your hamstrings from the common inside hurdler’s stretch, sit on the floor with your right leg extended and the sole of your left foot against your right inner thigh.
  • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

^ You have several hundred muscles in your leg, butt, hip, thigh and lower stomach area… .
  • Lower Body Makeover, Leg Butt Hip Thigh Exercises for Women 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.lowerbodymakeover.com [Source type: General]

^ Hip Flexor Stretches Hip flexor stretches help you in increasing the flexibility and the strength of muscles that are present in the hip region.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

.Don’t do this exercise if you have had a hip replacement, unless your surgeon approves.^ What you will quickly discover is that once you incorporate core exercises into your daily regimen, doing everyday things will become so much easier.

^ Home exercises you can do to aid healthy weight loss A short overview of simple exercises you can do in your own home which can aid healthy weight loss.
  • Physical Exercises, Exercise and Fitness Activities 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.buzzle.com [Source type: General]

^ For example when you begin an exercise like Biceps curl and your arm is straight, the yellow elastic produces 5 lbs of tension.
  • EXERCISE BANDS - Total Body Exercise Resistance Band workout system 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.exercisebands.com [Source type: General]

.
  1. Lie on your back on floor, knees bent and feet flat on the floor.
  2. Keep shoulders on floor throughout exercise.
  3. Lower one knee slowly to side, keeping the other leg and your pelvis in place.
  4. Hold position for 10 to 30 seconds.^ Lie on the floor on your back and lift one leg at a time, hold for 5 seconds and lower it back.
    • Teen Health - Health Topics - Exercise 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Basic Crunches: upper abdominal exercise Lie on back, knees bent.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Hold for 10 - 30 seconds.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    .Bring knee back up slowly.^ Slowly bring the hovering leg back to anatomical neutral, making sure not to rest it back on the floor.
    • Exercise Tips - Exercise Ideas - Exercise Plans - Fitness Tips 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exercise.lifetips.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Exhale as you bring your tummy back up, rounding your back as you tuck your chin in and tuck your tailbone in.
    • Back Pain Exercises - Core Strengthening, Lower Back Stretching 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bigbackpain.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Completion – Rise back up to your starting position using your knees and hips.

    Repeat with other knee. Repeat 3 to 5 times on each side.

Simple English

The word exercise means:

  • Things to do to get some practical experience and skill in some activity.
  • Repeatedly moving the human body to make it stronger or better at doing something. This is called physical exercise. cricket player Makhaya Ntini doing a flexibility exercise.]]

Contents

Basic modes of physical exercises

People do physical exercises as a part of their healthy lifestyle to get stronger and healthier or stay strong and healthy or to improve their body image. There are three basic modes of physical exercises:

  • Flexibility exercises help the human body in general or its part in particular to be able to reach farther and bend better.
  • Aerobic exercises help the body work hard for a long time.
  • Anaerobic exercises, like lifting weights, make the arms and legs stronger.

Exercises can be an important part of physical therapy, weight loss, or sports performance.

Exercise can be fun, but it is important for the exercisor to do what he likes and eat enough calories, so when he exercises he is building up muscles, not just breaking them down for fuel. Carbohydrates are muscle-sparing; and if one does not get enough calories overall, there is the risk of burning muscles up with the fat to make up the deficit.
File:UPSTREAM
Gym exercise by a senior, Hollywood.

Exercise benefits

Benefits of exercise for all ages have been known since antiquity. Marcus Cicero, around 65 BC, stated: “It is exercise alone that supports the spirits, and keeps the mind in vigor.” [1]

Regular exercise has been shown to help high blood pressure, obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and depression, among others.

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Types of physical exercises

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 28, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Physical exercise, which are similar to those in the above article.








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