The Full Wiki

Existence of God: Wikis

  
  

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Part of a series on
God

General conceptions
Atheism · Deism · Henotheism · Monolatrism
Monotheism · Panentheism · Pantheism



Experience and practices
Faith · Prayer · Belief · Revelation
Fideism · Gnosis · Metaphysics
Mysticism · Hermeticism · Esotericism

Related topics

.Arguments for and against the existence of God have been proposed by philosophers, theologians, scientists, and others.^ Arguments against God's existence have been given by philosophers, atheists, and agnostics.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Arguments about the Existence of God .

^ It seems to me that arguments for the existence of god are of this nature.
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

.In philosophical terminology, "existence-of-God" arguments concern schools of thought on the epistemology of the ontology of God.^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Arguments against God's existence have been given by philosophers, atheists, and agnostics.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was an empirical argument for the existence of god.
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

.The debate concerning the existence of God raises many philosophical issues.^ Anslem, the medieval philosopher, was the first to propound the ontological argument to prove the existence of God.

^ There are many scientists who affirm evidence for God’s existence through science.

^ This in turn raises serious doubts as to the adequacy of rationality's scope for answering the question of God's existence.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.A basic problem is that there is no universally accepted definition of God or existence.^ When there is a change in the creature there is no change in God.
  • The Nature of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ovrlnd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Olympus and there were no gods there.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It’s still not proof there is no God.
  • There He Goes Again at Steven Landsburg | The Big Questions: Tackling the Problems of Philosophy with Ideas from Mathematics, Economics, and Physics 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thebigquestions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some definitions of God's existence are so non-specific that it is certain that something exists that meets the definition; in stark contrast, there are suggestions that other definitions are self-contradictory.^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But it is plain that Dragons do not exist is not self-contradictory.
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is there good evidence for Gods existence?
  • http://www.easycart.net/AlwaysBeReady/1_DVDs.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.easycart.net [Source type: General]

.A wide variety of arguments exist which can be categorized as metaphysical, logical, empirical, or subjective.^ ARGUMENT FROM HIDDEN LOGIC (II) (1) Atheists say that God doesn't exist.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Briefly, of the empirical argument it can be said that it proves nothing either in favor of or against the existence of God, that it does no more than suggest the possibility of a God existing.

^ That question is: why do design arguments remain so durable if empirical evidence is inferentially ambiguous, the arguments logically controversial, and the conclusions vociferously disputed?
  • Teleological Arguments for God's Existence (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Although rarely studied scientifically the question of the existence of God is subject to lively debate both in philosophy[1] — the philosophy of religion being almost entirely devoted to the question — and in popular culture.^ Certainly the question of God's existence is the most important question of human philosophy.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Providing scientific evidence for the existence of God.
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Philosophical issues

Definition of God's existence

.Today in the West, the term "God" typically refers to a monotheistic concept of a supreme being that is unlike any other being.^ Its nonsense to say that and is just making a huge assumption because of this idea that being supremely perfect must mean God exists.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore things could not have been brought into being by God in any other manner, etc.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Dictionary.com, the term God is “The one supreme being, the creator and ruler of the universe.” Further, god is defined as one of several deities, esp.

.Classical theism asserts that God possesses every possible perfection, including such qualities as omniscience, omnipotence, and perfect benevolence.^ Also, this universe cannot be perfect, if the god is omnipotent.
  • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He is possessed of perfect and eternal qualities such as truth, knowledge and happiness.

^ But what are we to make of God's perfection and omniscience?
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

.Other philosophical approaches take a logically simple definition of God such as "the prime mover" or "the uncaused cause",[2] or "the ultimate creator"[3] or "a being than which nothing greater can be conceived"[4] from which the classical properties may be deduced.^ God is by definition that than which nothing greater can be conceived.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ TRANSCENDENTAL ARGUMENT (III) (1) God is, by definition, a being greater than which nothing can be conceived or imagined.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Anselm's words, "a being than which nothing greater can be conceived".
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

[5] .By contrast, Pantheists do not believe in a personal god.^ If you do not believe in a God with a personality, you do not believe in God.
  • The Problem with the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God - Debate and Discourse - Penny Arcade Forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forums.penny-arcade.com [Source type: Original source]
  • The Problem with the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God - Debate and Discourse - Penny Arcade Forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forums.penny-arcade.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Like many scholastic philosophers, Aquinas believed that God is perfectly simple and that created beings, in contrast, have a composite character that accounts for their finitude and imperfection.
  • Descartes' Ontological Argument (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In my experience each person who believes in “God” believes in something unique that they are completely incapable of defining in any satisfactory manner.
  • There He Goes Again at Steven Landsburg | The Big Questions: Tackling the Problems of Philosophy with Ideas from Mathematics, Economics, and Physics 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thebigquestions.com [Source type: Original source]

.For example, Spinoza and his philosophical followers use the term 'God' in a particular philosophical sense, to mean (roughly) the essential substance/principles of nature.^ Can man comprehend the essential nature of God?
  • The Spirits' Book by Allan kardec - Book I 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.spiritwritings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If such a reason or cause should be given, it must either be drawn from the very nature of God, or be external to him--that is, drawn from another substance of another nature.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But here the term theism is used to indicate not the faith in God but a particular theory concerning the relation between God and the world.

[6]
.In monotheisms outside the Abrahamic traditions, the existence of God is discussed in similar terms.^ God stands outside existence.
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ In first part he discusses the existence of God.
  • Of Hell and Eternal Damination: A look into the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.soc.hawaii.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Although, as discussed above, he sometimes presents formal versions of the ontological arguments as heuristic devices, Descartes thought that God's existence is ultimately known through intuition.
  • Descartes' Ontological Argument (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In the Advaita Vedanta school of Hinduism, reality is ultimately seen as a single, qualityless, changeless being called nirguna Brahman.^ Eternity is an essential, changeless state of being that transcends moment-by-successive-moment reality.
  • The Nature of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ovrlnd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The argument above is formulated in what is no longer ‘ultimate reality’ but ‘fallen reality’ and the ‘reasoning’ being used is fallen reasoning.
  • An argument for the non-existence of God that’s giving me persistent trouble these days. - 22 Words 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC twentytwowords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ God generally refers to one supreme, holy, personal Being, the divine unity of ultimate reality and of ultimate goodness.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.Advaitin philosophy introduces the concept of saguna Brahman or Ishvara as a way of talking about Brahman to people.^ Any other type of deity, well then we're just talking about Spinozean concepts of nature and monism.
  • The Problem with the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God - Debate and Discourse - Penny Arcade Forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forums.penny-arcade.com [Source type: Original source]
  • The Problem with the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God - Debate and Discourse - Penny Arcade Forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forums.penny-arcade.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When we talk about Heisenberg though these concepts turn rather fuzzy!
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lots of the detractors here pretend that I'm only talking about God as idea , even though I've tirelessly reiterated my larger conception.
  • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

.Ishvara, in turn, is ascribed such qualities as omniscience, omnipotence, and benevolence.^ Since an omniscient god must be aware of evil, an omnipotent god could prevent evil, and a benevolent god would not tolerate evil, it should follow that there is no evil.
  • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The opacity of sin is not a quality of the light which it receives, but rather the quality of its own existence, such that it is turned away from the light and has reference only to itself.

^ Yet there is evil, from which I can conclude that there is no omniscient, omnipotent, and benevolent god.
  • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

[7]

Epistemology

Epistemology is the branch of philosophy which studies the nature, origin, and scope of knowledge. .One cannot say that one "knows" something — or that the something is true — just because one believes it.^ One is to say that since we don't know, we can just decide for ourselves which interpretation to believe.
  • Julian Baggini: Hume's targets are those who argue rationally for the existence of God or the reality of miracles | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Nor do people have to believe something for it to be true :) .
  • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

^ According to this distinction, one can say what something is (i.e.
  • Descartes' Ontological Argument (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

Knowledge is, from an epistemological standpoint, distinguished from belief by justification.
.Knowledge in the sense of "understanding of a fact or truth" can be divided into a posteriori knowledge, based on experience or deduction (see methodology), and a priori knowledge from introspection, axioms or self-evidence.^ The facts we may not be able to see or understand with our curent knowledge.
  • The existence of God and Jesus is a proven fact – as is Jersey being a Christian island » Comment » This Is Jersey 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thisisjersey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Based on this rather massive evidence of all history and all experience, I am tempted to think that the Universe appears to be consistent and logical.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We can and do come to a knowledge of universal truths, like "all humans are mortal," not by sense experience alone (for we can never sense all humans) but through abstracting the common universal essence or nature of humanity from the few specimens we do experience by our senses.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Knowledge can also be described as a psychological state, since in a strict sense there can never be a posteriori knowledge proper (see relativism).^ But this can occur only because the language of the real numbers is inadequate even to describe the natural numbers: There is no way, using real-number language, to state what it means to be an integer.
  • There He Goes Again at Steven Landsburg | The Big Questions: Tackling the Problems of Philosophy with Ideas from Mathematics, Economics, and Physics 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thebigquestions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hell is a prison in the proper sense of a word because it is a prison in its effects, and those confined there are prisoners, even though there are no, doors, no bolts, no locks.
  • The Existence of God3 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But since it escapes me in all the divisions of the bodies of nature, it clearly follows that I never came by the knowledge of it, through the canal of my senses and imagination.
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Much of the disagreement about "proofs" of God's existence is due to different conceptions not only of the term "God" but also the terms "proof", "truth", and "knowledge". Religious belief from revelation or enlightenment (satori) can fall into either the first category, a posteriori knowledge, if rooted in deduction or personal revelation, or the second, a priori class of knowledge, if based on introspection.^ In first part he discusses the existence of God.
  • Of Hell and Eternal Damination: A look into the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.soc.hawaii.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So why not about the existence of God?
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY The difference in religions disproves God's existence.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

Different conclusions as to the existence of God often rest on different criteria for deciding what methods are appropriate for deciding if something is true or not; some examples include
  • whether logic counts as evidence concerning the quality of existence
  • whether subjective experience counts as evidence for objective reality
  • whether either logic or evidence can rule in or out the supernatural
  • whether an object of the mind is accepted for existence
  • whether a truthbearer can justify.

The problem of the supernatural

.One problem posed by the question of the existence of God is that traditional beliefs usually ascribe to God various supernatural powers.^ One without a belief in god is an atheist.
  • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

^ We do have belief in the non-existence of the "god" offered up by the various religions.
  • Julian Baggini: Hume's targets are those who argue rationally for the existence of God or the reality of miracles | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The existence of God and his essence are one and the same.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Supernatural beings may be able to conceal and reveal themselves for their own purposes, as for example in the tale of Baucis and Philemon.^ Another human being may be thought to be the one who imposes morality on me—my parents, for example.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The true power of love experienced by your friend is not implanted in or imposed on her by an external, supernatural being for its own reasons; it is natural, and is found within her.
  • Human Love As Proof Of God's Existence? Bayard Stringer (Forum) (7-00) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.positiveatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In our own country, for example, the rain is the least dependable, for it rains by fits and starts, years of drought being followed by seasons of floods.

.In addition, according to concepts of God, God is not part of the natural order, but the ultimate creator of nature and of the scientific laws.^ As far as God is concerned it is His nature to create.

^ Creation is God's nature.

^ If God is believed to be the first cause of creation it must also be accepted that He is distinct from His effect which He creates at some time according to His convenience.

.Thus, in Aristotelian philosophy, God is viewed as part of the explanatory structure needed to support scientific conclusions, and any powers God possesses are, strictly speaking, of the natural order — that is, derived from God's place as originator of nature.^ What is scientifically accepted is the conclusion - no God needed -not the method.
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Belief in God is thus natural.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, we find that we are like God, but we do not possess His nature.
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

.Some religious apologists offer the supernatural nature of God as the explanation for the inability of empirical methods to decide the question of God's existence.^ This was an empirical argument for the existence of god.
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ On the nature and existence of God.
  • History of the Ontological Argument for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.formalontology.it [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems to me that arguments for the existence of god are of this nature.
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Karl Popper's philosophy of science, belief in a supernatural God is outside the natural domain of scientific investigation because all scientific hypotheses must be falsifiable in the natural world.^ But God, by His nature, must exist.
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ God is all-powerful because He is unique.
  • The Spirits' Book by Allan kardec - Book I 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.spiritwritings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Again: Science is limited to the NATURAL world.
  • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Non-overlapping Magisteria view proposed by Stephen Jay Gould also holds that the existence (or otherwise) of God is irrelevant to and beyond the domain of science.^ Or experiences of God's non-existence?
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Can science be used to prove the existence of God?
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

.Logical positivists, such as Rudolf Carnap and A. J. Ayer viewed any talk of gods as literal nonsense.^ That is logical nonsense, as a god with potentiality cannot be a god.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We've talked about this already, G. If we can't use logic when it comes to God, then we can't believe in the Trinity.
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus talk about God literally has no content at all.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

.For the logical positivists and adherents of similar schools of thought, statements about religious or other transcendent experiences could not have a truth value, and were deemed to be without meaning, because metaphysical naturalism, the philosophical basis for logical positivism, automatically excludes the possibility of the supernatural.^ Very briefly, we tend to recognize phenomena such as self-consciousness, free will, objective morality and intrinsic value, purpose and meaning to live, real evils, religious experience, and a host of other phenomena to be basic to our everyday experience."
  • Recent Debate I had on God's Existence - FRDB 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.freeratio.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If therefore Thou wert but a lumpish, frail, and inanimate being, a mass without any virtue or power, a shadow of a being, Thy vain fantastic nature would busy their vanity, and be a proper object to entertain their mean and brutish thoughts.
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You say about transcendence “Transcendent standards mean they come from an external entity and not from the circumstances in which they are applied.” This statement implies that if something is transcendent it does not arise from circumstance.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

Nature of relevant proofs/arguments

.Since God (of the kind to which the proofs/arguments relate) is neither an entity in the universe nor a mathematical object, it is not obvious what kinds of arguments/proofs are relevant to God's existence.^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was an empirical argument for the existence of god.
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ ARGUMENT FROM MULTIPLICITY (IV) (1) There are hundreds of proofs of God's existence.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Even if the concept of scientific proof were not problematic, the fact that there is no conclusive scientific proof of the existence, or non-existence, of God[8] mainly demonstrates that the existence of God is not a normal scientific question.^ There is no evidence for God, as there is with Unicorns.
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Olympus and there were no gods there.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

.John Polkinghorne suggests that the nearest analogy to the existence of God in physics are the ideas of quantum mechanics which are seemingly paradoxical but make sense of a great deal of disparate data.^ The idea makes a lot of sense to me.
  • Of Hell and Eternal Damination: A look into the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.soc.hawaii.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The idea of God does not prove his existence.

^ For the sake of offering evidence for God’s existence and choosing the resurrection for this proposal we must agree on some events as historical and a minimal foundation upon which to make a determination.
  • Proof of a god @ terrbear.org 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC terrbear.org [Source type: Original source]

[9]
.Alvin Plantinga compares the question of the existence of God to the question of the existence of other minds, claiming both are notoriously impossible to "prove" against a determined skeptic.^ So we are both using math, not science to prove the existence of God.
  • Scientific Evidence of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Does the existence of love "prove" God?
  • Human Love As Proof Of God's Existence? Bayard Stringer (Forum) (7-00) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.positiveatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So does this prove the existence of God?
  • Scientific Evidence of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

[10]
.One approach, suggested by writers such as Stephen D. Unwin, is to treat (particular versions of) theism and naturalism as though they were two hypotheses in the Bayesian sense, to list certain data (or alleged data), about the world, and to suggest that the likelihoods of these data are significantly higher under one hypothesis than the other[11] Most of the arguments for, or against, the existence of God can be seen as pointing to particular aspects of the universe in this way.^ But there is in fact an argument for God's existence constructed from the data of such experiences.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When one is in such a relationship with God, doubt of His existence is absurd.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.In almost all cases it is not seriously suggested by proponents of the arguments that they are irrefutable, merely that they make one worldview seem significantly more likely than the other.^ It is more a concession than an argument.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He merely must be able to refute any argument that they do.
  • There He Goes Again at Steven Landsburg | The Big Questions: Tackling the Problems of Philosophy with Ideas from Mathematics, Economics, and Physics 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thebigquestions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Neither is more objective than the other.
  • There is a website that successfully argues for the existence of God.Here is the URL.Therefore, God exists. | MetaFilter 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, since an assessment of the weight of evidence depends on the prior probability that is assigned to each worldview, arguments that a theist finds convincing may seem thin to an atheist and vice-versa.^ Evidence and argument lead to probabilities.
  • An argument for the non-existence of God that’s giving me persistent trouble these days. - 22 Words 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC twentytwowords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An atheist may refute the arguments of a theist.
  • There He Goes Again at Steven Landsburg | The Big Questions: Tackling the Problems of Philosophy with Ideas from Mathematics, Economics, and Physics 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thebigquestions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Science began as an outgrowth of theology, and all scientists, whether atheists or theists … accept an essentially theological worldview.
  • Teleological Arguments for God's Existence (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

[12]

Outside of western thought

.Existence in absolute truth is central to Vedanta epistemology.^ Human inability to know for certain does not undermine the existence of absolute truth.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Note.Grasp the significance of the truth that we are absolutely dependent on God for our existence.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Traditionally sense perception based approach was put into question as possibly misleading due to preconceived or superimposed ideas.^ Possibly the greatest problem with this argument is the question of whether a person can choose to believe something is true based on such a proposition.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.But though all object-cognition can be doubted, the existence of the doubter remains a fact even in nastika traditions of mayavada schools following Adi Shankara.^ For inasmuch as his essence excludes all imperfection, and involves absolute perfection, all cause for doubt concerning his existence is done away, and the utmost certainty on the question is given.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For this would require that facts about the existence of things and the occurrence of events at certain dates should be necessary consequences of facts which are all without any temporal reference whatever.
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jesus ended that era of miracles doing himself many miracles, and proving one more time the existence of God and the fact that we all are more than we think we are.
  • New Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cosmicfingerprints.com [Source type: Original source]

[13] .The five eternal principles to be discussed under ontology, beginning with God or Isvara, the Ultimate Reality, cannot be established by the means of logic alone, and often require superior proof.^ I’m assuming “ultimate reality” means God.
  • An argument for the non-existence of God that’s giving me persistent trouble these days. - 22 Words 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC twentytwowords.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ontological arguments seek to establish the existence of God based on pure logic: the principles of reasoning require that God be part of ones ontology."
  • History of the Ontological Argument for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.formalontology.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Of the five having the Principle (as Anselm did) clearly and centrally in mind, four accept the Proof, and the fifth takes no stand.
  • History of the Ontological Argument for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.formalontology.it [Source type: Original source]

[14] .In Vaisnavism Vishnu, or his intimate ontological form of Krishna, is equated to personal absolute God of the Western traditions.^ I am sure that the science will validate the existence of God using the physics and the math equations in such a form that everybody will agree.
  • New Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cosmicfingerprints.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Western philosophic tradition pantheism is to be found in the thought of Spinoza who believed that God is infinite, ever existent, independent, self-conscious and without personality.

^ Since disbelief is a form of belief, the degree of faith a person has that God does not exist is what determines how strong an atheist he or she is, or is not.
  • Some of the evidences of the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC lofi.forum.physorg.com [Source type: Original source]

.Aspects of Krishna as svayam bhagavan in original Absolute Truth, sat chit ananda, are understood originating from three essential attributes of Krishna's form, i.e., "eternal existence" or sat, related to the brahman aspect; "knowledge" or chit, to the paramatman; and "bliss" or ananda in Sanskrit, to bhagavan.^ It must, then, necessarily be admitted that the existence of substance as its essence is an eternal truth.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When people say that B 'originated from' A, they are liable to confuse at least three different kinds of connexion between A and B. It might be that A is a necessary but insufficient condition of the existence of B. It might be that A is a necessary and sufficient condition of the existence of B. Or it might be that B simply is A in a more complex and disguised form.
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Human inability to know for certain does not undermine the existence of absolute truth.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

[15]

Arguments for the existence of God

.
  • The cosmological argument argues that there was a "first cause", or "prime mover" who is identified as God.^ Admittedly this argument allows for there to be many uncreated first movers.
    • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ FIRST CAUSE ARGUMENT (VI) (1) If there was no God, there was no beginning to time.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is to this unique first mover that the argument concludes.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

    .It starts with a claim about the world, like its containing entities or motion.
  • The teleological argument argues that the universe's order and complexity are best explained by reference to a creator God.^ TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (1) Check out the world/universe/giraffe.
    • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Universe about-turns and starts contracting.
    • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ TELEOLOGICAL ARGUMENT Check out the world/universe/giraffe.
    • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

    It starts with a rather more complicated claim about the world, i.e. that it exhibits order and design. This argument has two versions: One based on the analogy of design and designer, the other arguing that goals can only occur in minds.
  • Arguments that a non-physical quality observed in the universe is of fundamental importance and not an epiphenomenon, such as Morality (Argument from morality), Beauty (Argument from beauty), Love (Argument from love), or religious experience (Argument from religious experience), are arguments for theism as against materialism.
  • The anthropic argument suggests that basic facts, such as our existence, are best explained by the existence of God.
  • The moral argument argues that the existence of objective morality depends on the existence of God.
  • The transcendental argument suggests that logic, science, ethics, and other things we take seriously do not make sense in the absence of God, and that atheistic arguments must ultimately refute themselves if pressed with rigorous consistency.
  • The will to believe doctrine was pragmatist philosopher William James' attempt to prove God by showing that the adoption of theism as a hypothesis "works" in a believer's life.^ This is because logical argument depends on being able to trace a series of causes and reactions to their conclusion.
    • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ ARGUMENT FROM SERIOUS ASSERTION God doesnt exist.
    • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This proves to me that Muhammad must have been a messenger of God."
    • Scientific Evidence of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

    .This doctrine depended heavily on James' pragmatic theory of truth where beliefs are proven by how they work when adopted rather than by proofs before they are believed (a form of the hypothetico-deductive method).
  • The Argument from Reason holds that if, as thoroughgoing naturalism entails, all of our thoughts are the effect of a physical cause, then we have no reason for assuming that they are also the consequent of a reasonable ground.^ Naturalism is the belief that all phenomena can be explained in terms of natural causes and laws.

    ^ The universe and all that is in it, due to its contingent (dependent) nature, is an effect.
    • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Here's how that argument works.
    • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

    Knowledge, however, is apprehended by reasoning from ground to consequent. Therefore, if naturalism were true, there would be no way of knowing it — or anything else not the direct result of a physical cause — and we could not even suppose it, except by a fluke.
  • Frank J. Tipler's Omega Point Theory holds that the universe is bound to ultimately end in a Big Crunch, which will create a gravitational singularity that can be exploited to obtain practically infinite computational capacity; Tipler equates this final singularity and its state of infinite information capacity to God.

Argument from fulfilled Bible prophecy

.Isaiah argues that only the God of the Bible can foretell specific future entities and events without fail when he accredits God saying, "Present your case," says the LORD. "Set forth your arguments, … tell us what the former things were, so that we may consider them and know their final outcome.^ What does the bible say about God?
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The conclusion of the argument is not that everything the Bible tells us about God and life with God is really so.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "God only knows.
  • The Spirits' Book by Allan kardec - Book I 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.spiritwritings.com [Source type: Original source]

.Or declare to us the things to come, tell us what the future holds, so we may know that you are gods.”[17] "The LORD says … I am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God.^ Ah, says, Dawkins, but there’s no role for God there either: .
  • There He Goes Again at Steven Landsburg | The Big Questions: Tackling the Problems of Philosophy with Ideas from Mathematics, Economics, and Physics 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thebigquestions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For you it is not a thing, because it is not palpable; but for us it is a thing."
  • The Spirits' Book by Allan kardec - Book I 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.spiritwritings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no evidence for God, as there is with Unicorns.
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

Who then is like me? … Let him declare and lay out before me what has happened since I established my ancient people, and what is yet to come — yes, let him foretell what will come.”[18]
.The Bible declares that “all scripture is inspired by God”[19] and He “does nothing without revealing his plan to his servants the prophets.” [20] The prophecies of Daniel (chapters 2, 7, 8, 9, and 11) and Revelation purport to tell a select history of the world and God’s plan for it from the 6th Century BC to the establishment of the “kingdom of God” after the end of the world.^ What does the bible say about God?
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Whatsoever is, is in God, and without God nothing can be, or be conceived.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Nothing has its being without God.
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If subsequent history fulfills every point of the prophecies up to the present then, as Isaiah states, "we may know that you are God," else not.^ Therefore, YOU know that God exists.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I could have you locked up, you know.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ You cannot know the nature of God.

.This does not say what kind of God could do this, but only that there would be a God.^ What does the bible say about God?
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only God could have made them so complex.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Only God could do that.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

.So the argument asks, "Have the prophecies been fulfilled?"^ BIBLICAL PROPHECIES ARGUMENT (1) Jesus clearly fulfilled all the prophecies of the Jews.
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ BIBLICAL PROPHECIES ARGUMENT Jesus clearly did not fulfill all the prophecies of the Jews.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

Arguments from historical events or personages

.
  • Judaism asserts that God intervened in key specific moments in history, especially at the Exodus and the giving of the Ten Commandments in front of all the tribes of Israel, positing an argument from empirical evidence stemming from sheer number of witnesses, thus demonstrating His existence.
  • The argument from the Resurrection of Jesus.^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
    • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ PEACOCK ARGUMENT FROM ORIGINALITY (1) I have written the following to demonstrate the existence of God.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    .This asserts that there is sufficient historical evidence for Jesus's resurrection to support his claim to be the son of God and indicates, a fortiori, God's existence.^ What does it matter if Jesus is the son of God?
    • The existence of God and Jesus is a proven fact – as is Jersey being a Christian island » Comment » This Is Jersey 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thisisjersey.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is no evidence for God, as there is with Unicorns.
    • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You don't claim there is a god.
    • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

    [21] This is one of several arguments known as the Christological argument.
  • Islam asserts that the revelation of the miraculous Quran vindicates its divine authorship, and thus the existence of a God.
  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as Mormonism, similarly asserts that the miraculous appearance of God, Jesus Christ and angels to Joseph Smith and others and subsequent finding and translation of the Book of Mormon establishes the existence of God.

Hindu arguments for the existence of God

.Hindus argue that one of the proofs of the existence of God is the law of karma.^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For me, I have proof of the existence of God as well, in the bible.
  • Scientific Evidence of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The existence of God and his essence are one and the same.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In a commentary to Brahma Sutras (III, 2, 38, and 41)), a Vedantic text, Adi Sankara, an Indian philosopher who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta, a sub-school of Vedanta, argues that the original karmic actions themselves cannot bring about the proper results at some future time; neither can super sensuous, non-intelligent qualities like adrsta — an unseen force being the metaphysical link between work and its result — by themselves mediate the appropriate, justly deserved pleasure and pain.^ For even those philosophers who are sceptical of the merits of the Argument itself must allow that it has inspired and stimulated some considerable work in philosophical logic, and that it still offers a pointed introduction to a number of peculiarly recalcitrant problems.
  • History of the Ontological Argument for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.formalontology.it [Source type: Original source]

^ The first argument involved questioning "the weakness and remoteness of the analogy between the products of human design and the works of nature, and the resulting vagueness of any conclusions that can be drawn from that analogy" (ref: 1).
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ He is outside of our understanding, outside of time and space, so we cannot bring ourselves to try and contain him within a text or doctrine successfully.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

.The fruits, according to him, then, must be administered through the action of a conscious agent, namely, a supreme being (Ishvara).^ He must be the Supreme Being who holds within Himself the source of His own existence.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore my good-will which I had not yesterday and which I have to-day is not a thing I bestow upon myself, but must come from Him who gave me both the will and the being.
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its nonsense to say that and is just making a huge assumption because of this idea that being supremely perfect must mean God exists.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

[22]
.A human's karmic acts result in merits and demerits.^ Without the jiva there can be no award of actions in the form of merit or demerit and without there being the result of actions there is no reason why the soul should assume the form of jiva.

.Since unconscious things generally do not move except when caused by an agent (for example, the ax moves only when swung by an agent), and since the law of karma is an unintelligent and unconscious law, Sankara argues there must be a conscious supreme Being who knows the merits and demerits which persons have earned by their actions, and who functions as an instrumental cause in helping individuals reap their appropriate fruits.^ "Who caused the uncausable being?"
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since there are moral laws, then there must be a moral law giver who transcends space and time.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There can be self-consciousness only if there is consciousness of the non-self.

[23] .Thus, God affects the person's environment, even to its atoms, and for those souls who reincarnate, produces the appropriate rebirth body, all in order that the person might have the karmically appropriate experiences.^ Who is it that has regulated the outward form by which all those bodies are to be stinted?
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Religion certainly seems to be in direct opposition to intellectualism, but not all those who believe in a God are irrational and closed-minded."
  • I had an intellectual conversation about the existence of god with a bunch of 8 year olds... whilst playing Modern Warfare 2. : AskReddit 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reddit.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So its the background of a person or his values of bad or good shaped by his society or physical environment and not a god thing.
  • Human Love As Proof Of God's Existence? Bayard Stringer (Forum) (7-00) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.positiveatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

.[24] Thus, there must be a theistic administrator or supervisor for karma, i.e., God.^ We know that there is motion in the world; whatever is in motion is moved by another thing; this other thing also must be moved by something; to avoid an infinite regression, we must posit a "first mover," which is God.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore there must exist a God: an Uncaused Being who does not have to receive existence like us—and like every other link in the chain of receivers.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM DESIGN If there is a designer, then God must exist.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Nyaya school, one of six orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy, states that one of the proofs of the existence of God is karma; [25] It is seen that some people in this world are happy, some are in misery.^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The existence of God and his essence are one and the same.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Such are the proofs for the existence of God.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

Some are rich and some poor. The Naiyanikas explain this by the concept of karma and reincarnation. .The fruit of an individual's actions does not always lie within the reach of the individual who is the agent; there ought to be, therefore, a dispenser of the fruits of actions, and this supreme dispenser is God.^ Therefore there must be a God.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, there is a God.
  • There is a website that successfully argues for the existence of God.Here is the URL.Therefore, God exists. | MetaFilter 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the time when the latter is available to ALL souls as The Supreme Soul has been coming to earth to talk (by borrowing a corporeal form) since 1936, and always does every 1936.
  • Scientific Proof of the Existence of God : Amit Goswami, Ph.D. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.amitgoswami.org [Source type: Original source]

[26] This belief of Nyaya, accordingly, is the same as that of Vedanta.[27]

Inductive arguments

.Inductive arguments argue their conclusions through inductive reasoning.^ Swinburne, van Inwagen and others argue convincingly that one can find a conclusive argument for the coherence of any concept of any kind whatsoever.
  • History of the Ontological Argument for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.formalontology.it [Source type: Original source]

^ An argument may fail to prove its conclusion either through its premisses being doubtful or through its structure being logically defective.
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Chapter 13 deals with the argument from religious experience and here Swinburne argues toward a somewhat different conclusion which will be used in an unexpected manner in chapter 14.
  • An Analysis of The Existence of God (2004) by Richard Swinburne 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC home.cogeco.ca [Source type: Original source]

.
  • Another class of philosophers asserts that the proofs for the existence of God present a fairly large probability though not absolute certainty.^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
    • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For me, I have proof of the existence of God as well, in the bible.
    • Scientific Evidence of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Such are the proofs for the existence of God.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

    .A number of obscure points, they say, always remain; an act of faith is required to dismiss these difficulties.^ I'd like to point out that I was in no way telling these children that they should or shouldn't believe in god.
    • I had an intellectual conversation about the existence of god with a bunch of 8 year olds... whilst playing Modern Warfare 2. : AskReddit 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reddit.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Many times of course, physicists will take the following point of view: they will say, “Well, yeah sure, experiments.
    • Scientific Proof of the Existence of God : Amit Goswami, Ph.D. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.amitgoswami.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These sects might only share nominal differences at best, but they are nonetheless different enough to easily distinguish between, say, Presbyterians and Baptists.
    • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

    .This view is maintained, among others, by the Scottish statesman Arthur Balfour in his book The Foundations of Belief (1895).^ Pattison's book The idea of God contains a fine exposition of the theistic position as well as balanced criticism of the view of other thinkers.

    The opinions set forth in this work were adopted in France by Ferdinand Brunetière, the editor of the Revue des deux Mondes. Many orthodox Protestants express themselves in the same manner, as, for instance, Dr. E. Dennert, President of the Kepler Society, in his work Ist Gott tot?.[28]

Arguments from testimony

.Arguments from testimony rely on the testimony or experience of certain witnesses, possibly embodying the propositions of a specific revealed religion.^ However, I will assume, for the purposes of this discussion, that certain objective evidence exists (my existence, the veracity of the five senses, the legitimacy of logic, the reliability of experience).
  • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then the details of the belief are fixed for a certain place and period by the special peculiarities of the experiences had by the founder of a certain religion.
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or possibly it's bastardising the moral argument, or misrepresenting sonme argument from religious experience.
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Swinburne argues that it is a principle of rationality that one should accept testimony unless there are strong reasons for not doing so.^ Is there any reason to accept it?
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And we can hence conclude by another process of reasoning--that there is but one such substance.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The practical postulate which we go upon everywhere else is to treat cognitive claims as veridical unless there be some positive reason to think them delusive.
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

[29]
  • The witness argument gives credibility to personal witnesses, contemporary and throughout the ages. A variation of this is the argument from miracles which relies on testimony of supernatural events to establish the existence of God.
  • The majority argument argues that the theism of people throughout most of recorded history and in many different places provides prima facie demonstration of God's existence.

Arguments grounded in personal experience

.
  • The Scottish School of Common Sense led by Thomas Reid taught that the fact of the existence of God is accepted by us without knowledge of reasons but simply by a natural impulse.^ Experience assures us emphatically that we do not have a direct sense knowledge of God's existence.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It seems to me that arguments for the existence of god are of this nature.
    • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The existence of God is, in fact, deeply consequential.
    • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

    .That God exists, this school said, is one of the chief metaphysical principles that we accept not because they are evident in themselves or because they can be proved, but because common sense obliges us to accept them.
  • The Argument from a Proper Basis argues that belief in God is "properly basic"; that it is similar to statements like "I see a chair" or "I feel pain". Such beliefs are non-falsifiable and, thus, neither provable nor disprovable; they concern perceptual beliefs or indisputable mental states.
  • In Germany, the School of Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi taught that our reason is able to perceive the suprasensible.^ Which raises the possibility that God is one such belief.
    • Some of the evidences of the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC lofi.forum.physorg.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MODAL ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT (1) God exists.
    • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One without a belief in god is an atheist.
    • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

    Jacobi distinguished three faculties: sense, reason, and understanding. .Just as sense has immediate perception of the material so has reason immediate perception of the immaterial, while the understanding brings these perceptions to our consciousness and unites them to one another.^ And we can hence conclude by another process of reasoning--that there is but one such substance.
    • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Let us suppose that several of these arguments, e.g., the Cosmological Argument, the Argument from Design, and the Argument from Religious Experience, turned out to be valid, in the sense that each of them established the existence of something which, in one sense or another of the word 'God', could be called 'God'.
    • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He is outside of our understanding, outside of time and space, so we cannot bring ourselves to try and contain him within a text or doctrine successfully.
    • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

    [30] .God's existence, then, cannot be proven (Jacobi, like Immanuel Kant, rejected the absolute value of the principle of causality), it must be felt by the mind.
  • In Emile, Jean-Jacques Rousseau asserted that when our understanding ponders over the existence of God it encounters nothing but contradictions; the impulses of our hearts, however, are of more value than the understanding, and these proclaim clearly to us the truths of natural religion, namely, the existence of God and the immortality of the soul.
  • The same theory was advocated in Germany by Friedrich Schleiermacher, who assumed an inner religious sense by means of which we feel religious truths.^ The computer had more sense than atheists who made it.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Anyone who has had a living encounter with the living God cannot but believe in him.
    • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

    According to Schleiermacher, religion consists solely in this inner perception, and dogmatic doctrines are inessential.[31]
  • .
  • Many modern Protestant theologians follow in Schleiermacher's footsteps, and teach that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated; certainty as to this truth is only furnished us by inner experience, feeling, and perception.
  • Modernist Christianity also denies the demonstrability of the existence of God.^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ PEACOCK ARGUMENT FROM ORIGINALITY (1) I have written the following to demonstrate the existence of God.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Therefore we cannot demonstrate that God exists.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

    .According to them we can only know something of God by means of the vital immanence, that is, under favorable circumstances the need of the divine dormant in our subconsciousness becomes conscious and arouses that religious feeling or experience in which God reveals himself to us.^ And then strengthened by our intrinsic need to be worth something, to know what this struggle is "for".
    • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Reply: Our minds are the only means by which we can know reality.
    • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ God with man, since it is natural for man to make something only if' he has need of it.

    In condemnation of this view the oath against modernism formulated by Pius X says: "Deum ... naturali rationis lumine per ea quae facta sunt, hoc est per visibilia creationis opera, tanquam causam per effectus certo cognosci adeoque demostrari etiam posse, profiteor." ("I declare that by the natural light of reason, God can be certainly known and therefore his existence demonstrated through the things that are made, i.e., through the visible works of creation, as the cause is known through its effects.")
  • Pascal's Wager (or Pascal's Gambit) is a suggestion posed by the French philosopher Blaise Pascal that even though the existence of God cannot be determined through reason, a person should "wager" as though God exists, because so living has everything to gain, and nothing to lose.

Arguments against the existence of God

.Each of the following arguments aims at showing either that a particular subset of gods do not exist (by showing them as inherently meaningless, contradictory, or at odds with known scientific or historical facts) or that there is insufficient reason to believe in them.^ But I believe there are gods.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As for me, I choose to believe in God and begin reasoning from there.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are plenty of reasons to believe the infinite personal God of the Bible exists.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

Empirical arguments

.Empirical arguments depend on empirical data in order to prove their conclusions.^ This is because logical argument depends on being able to trace a series of causes and reactions to their conclusion.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Briefly, of the empirical argument it can be said that it proves nothing either in favor of or against the existence of God, that it does no more than suggest the possibility of a God existing.

^ That question is: why do design arguments remain so durable if empirical evidence is inferentially ambiguous, the arguments logically controversial, and the conclusions vociferously disputed?
  • Teleological Arguments for God's Existence (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.
  • The argument from inconsistent revelations contests the existence of the deity called God as described in scriptures — such as the Jewish Tanakh, the Christian Bible, or the Muslim Qur'an — by identifying apparent contradictions between different scriptures, within a single scripture, or between scripture and known facts.^ But there is in fact an argument for God's existence constructed from the data of such experiences.
    • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
    • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ ARGUMENT FROM REVELATION (1) God told me that he exists.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    .To be effective this argument requires the other side to hold that its scriptural record is inerrant, or at least to assert that a proper understanding of scripture gives rise to knowledge of God's existence.
  • The problem of evil contests the existence of a god who is both omnipotent and omnibenevolent by arguing that such a god should not permit the existence of evil or suffering.^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
    • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For it seems as if both God's knowledge and His will may be something other than what it is.
    • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We understand from scripture that God HATES sin..
    • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

    The theist responses are called theodicies.
  • The destiny of the unevangelized, by which persons who have never even heard of a particular revelation might be harshly punished for not following its dictates.
  • The argument from poor design contests the idea that God created life on the basis that life-forms, including humans, seem to exhibit poor design.
  • The argument from nonbelief contests the existence of an omnipotent God who wants humans to believe in him by arguing that such a god would do a better job of gathering believers.
  • The argument from parsimony (using Occam's Razor) contends that since natural (non-supernatural) theories adequately explain the development of religion and belief in gods,[32] the actual existence of such supernatural agents is superfluous and may be dismissed unless otherwise proven to be required to explain the phenomenon.
  • The analogy of Russell's teapot argues that the burden of proof for the existence of God lies with the theist rather than the atheist.

Deductive arguments

.Deductive arguments attempt to prove their conclusions by deductive reasoning from true premises.^ A deductive argument is an argument where if the premises are factually true then the conclusion is guaranteed (or certain).
  • Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

^ An argument is said to be invalid when the structure of the deductive argument yields true premises and a false conclusion.
  • Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the contents of the argument are uncompromisingly important, we need to see how the relationship between the premise(s) and the conclusion operate.
  • Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

.
  • The Ultimate Boeing 747 gambit is a counter-argument to the argument from design.^ The argument from design The special argument based on the existence of order or design in the universe (also called the teleological argument) proves immediately the existence of a supramundane mind of vast intelligence, and ultimately the existence of God.
    • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ On the other hand, whether or not some of Hume's own remarks are to the point depends upon whether or not design arguments really are ultimately analogical.
    • Teleological Arguments for God's Existence (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The argument from design claims that a complex or ordered structure must be designed.^ ARGUMENT FROM DESIGN If there is a designer, then God must exist.
    • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Atoms must be able to assemble in the molecules in order to gain sufficient complexity for life chemistry to proceed.

    ^ ARGUMENT FROM UNINTELLIGENT WEB DESIGN (1) The AIG website is too complex to have arisen by chance.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    .However, a god that is responsible for the creation of a universe would be at least as complicated as the universe that it creates.^ If it did, then God would not have had the option not to create it.
    • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But then, God would not be its Creator, and thus, God would not be the Creator.
    • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ God deliberately created the universe.
    • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Therefore, it too must require a designer.^ Therefore, cuteness must have been designed.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Related to that, taking design to be the best explanation for something requires prior identification of the appropriate properties as design-relevant, and that recognition must have a different basis.
    • Teleological Arguments for God's Existence (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .And its designer would require a designer also, ad infinitum.^ Design built into nature from the very beginning would require no further interventions within the historical flow of nature, no gaps in nature.
    • Teleological Arguments for God's Existence (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The designing agent would itself demand explanation, requiring ultimately a sequence of prior analogous intelligences producing intelligences.
    • Teleological Arguments for God's Existence (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sometimes they flow gently and regularly, sometimes they move with impetuosity, as occasion requires; and they vary ad infinitum the postures, gestures, and other actions of the body.
    • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The argument for the existence of god is then a logical fallacy with or without the use of special pleading.^ ARGUMENT FROM MEANING (1) Nothing has meaning without God.
    • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This was an empirical argument for the existence of god.
    • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ This being so, is proof of God's existence without rational argument unobtainable?
    • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    .The Ultimate 747 gambit points out that God does not provide an origin of complexity, it simply assumes that complexity always existed.^ How does a Christian ultimately know that God exists?
    • Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Since evil does exist, God exists.
    • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Does god exist ?
    • The existence of God and Jesus is a proven fact – as is Jersey being a Christian island » Comment » This Is Jersey 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thisisjersey.com [Source type: Original source]

    It also states that design fails to account for complexity, which natural selection can explain.
  • The omnipotence paradox suggests that the concept of an omnipotent entity is logically contradictory, from considering a question like: "Can God create a rock so big that he cannot lift it?" or "If God is all powerful, could God create a being more powerful than itself?".
  • Another argument suggests that there is a contradiction between God being omniscient and omnipotent, basically asking "how can an all-knowing being change its mind?" .See the article on omniscience for details.
  • The problem of hell is the idea that eternal damnation for actions committed in a finite existence contradicts God's omnibenevolence or omnipresence.
  • The argument from free will contests the existence of an omniscient god who has free will — or has allotted the same freedom to his creations — by arguing that the two properties are contradictory.^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
    • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Science just studies what God created and so the two do not contradict each other.
    • Scientific Evidence of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This was an empirical argument for the existence of god.
    • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

    .According to the argument, if God already knows the future, then humanity is destined to corroborate with his knowledge of the future and not have true free will to deviate from it.^ ARGUMENT FROM UNKNOWN QUALITIES (1) God has qualities we mere humans can't possibly know.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Helio, you already know one of my answers to your question (what if there was no God), but you didn't get round to answering the reverse when I asked you.
    • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ ARGUMENT FROM PERSONAL INCREDULITY (I) (1) If evolution is false, then creationism is true, and therefore God exists.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Therefore our free will contradicts an omniscient god.^ Free will - therefore God exists .
    • SpoonBlog » Blog Archive » Proofs for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC spoonbot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Therefore, God exists, and our prayer healers deserve to be paid like regular doctors.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Therefore, God exists and Jesus died for our sins.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Another argument attacks the existence of an omniscient god who has free will directly in arguing that the will of God himself would be bound to follow whatever God foreknows himself doing in eternity future.
  • The Transcendental argument for the non-existence of God contests the existence of an intelligent creator by suggesting that such a being would make logic and morality contingent, which is incompatible with the presuppositionalist assertion that they are necessary, and contradicts the efficacy of science.^ Ranger, I would disagree that the “who designed God” argument is silly.
    • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is assumed that God is a necessary being so therefore had no creator.
    • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But if God’s existence is possible – if we can conceive of a necessary being – he must exist.
    • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

    .A more general line of argument based on this argument seeks to generalize this argument to all necessary features of the universe and all god-concepts.^ God is therefore necessary for all being.
    • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Among them may be mentioned, in particular, the Aesthetic Argument, based on the perception of beauty in the universe, the Ethical Argument, based on the voice of conscience, and the Moral Argument or the Argument from the universal belief of mankind.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To be more accurate about matters, we can say that religion exists as a universal sociological phenomenon, but we cannot say the same for any God(s).
    • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

    [33]
  • .
  • The counter-argument against the Cosmological argument ("chicken or the egg") takes its assumption that things cannot exist without creators and applies it to God, setting up an infinite regress.^ ARGUMENT FROM ASSUMPTION Therefore, God doesnt exist.
    • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ ARGUMENT FROM ASSHOLE (1) God exists, asshole.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ God exists - Very compelling argument.
    • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

    This attacks the premise that the universe is the second cause (after God, who is claimed to be the first cause).
  • Theological noncognitivism, as used in literature, usually seeks to disprove the god-concept by showing that it is unverifiable by scientific tests.

Inductive arguments

.Inductive arguments argue their conclusions through inductive reasoning.^ Swinburne, van Inwagen and others argue convincingly that one can find a conclusive argument for the coherence of any concept of any kind whatsoever.
  • History of the Ontological Argument for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.formalontology.it [Source type: Original source]

^ An argument may fail to prove its conclusion either through its premisses being doubtful or through its structure being logically defective.
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Chapter 13 deals with the argument from religious experience and here Swinburne argues toward a somewhat different conclusion which will be used in an unexpected manner in chapter 14.
  • An Analysis of The Existence of God (2004) by Richard Swinburne 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC home.cogeco.ca [Source type: Original source]

.
  • The atheist-existentialist argument for the non-existence of a perfect sentient being states that if existence precedes essence, it follows from the meaning of the term sentient that a sentient being cannot be complete or perfect.^ ARGUMENT FROM PLAGERISM I have written the following to demonstrate the non-existence of God.
    • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The argument from universal consent The confirmatory argument based on the consent of mankind may be stated briefly as follows: mankind as a whole has at all times and everywhere believed and continues to believe in the existence of some superior being or beings on whom the material world and man himself are dependent, and this fact cannot be accounted for except by admitting that this belief is true or at least contains a germ of truth.
    • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As for the problems of atheistic morality, while being totally off point in terms of the argument above as a theistic argument – I don’t see this in straight forward terms.
    • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    .It is touched upon by Jean-Paul Sartre in Being and Nothingness.^ As Sartre (Being and Nothingness, NY: Washington Square, 1966.
    • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Even the atheist Jean-Paul Sartre admitted that "there comes a time when one asks, even of Shakespeare, even of Beethoven, 'Is that all there is?'"
    • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Sartre's phrasing is that God would be a pour-soi [a being-for-itself; a consciousness] who is also an en-soi [a being-in-itself; a thing]: which is a contradiction in terms.^ Ranger, I would disagree that the “who designed God” argument is silly.
    • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Being who possesses these perfections we call God.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thus, we know that God is the creator of all things in the universe, and of the universe itself.
    • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The argument is echoed thus in Salman Rushdie's novel Grimus: "That which is complete is also dead."
  • The "no reason" argument tries to show that an omnipotent and omniscient being would not have any reason to act in any way, specifically by creating the universe, because it would have no needs, wants, or desires since these very concepts are subjectively human.^ States that the Universe is the way it is because there is no other choice.
    • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ ARGUMENT FROM MATHEMATICIANS (1) We humans are living beings, and thus biological.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Since he is not human he is not subject to desire.

    .As the universe exists, there is a contradiction, and therefore, an omnipotent god cannot exist.^ Therefore, Comrade God exists.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Therefore, God exists .
    • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ ARGUMENT FROM CONTRADICTING YOURSELF Theres proof that God doesnt exist.
    • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

    .This argument is espoused by Scott Adams in the book God's Debris.
  • The "historical induction" argument concludes that since most theistic religions throughout history (e.g.^ (Good book on Einstein's extensive discussions of religion and theology: Einstein and Religion: Physics and Theology by Max Jammer -Ed ) God created the universe and God is intelligent.

    ^ Much atheist literature focuses on the concept that it is not possible to define God, or identify God, or predicate upon God, despite all efforts by theists throughout history.
    • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I believe that if a God does exist, this god cannot be anything like what the religions of the world claim to think since all of them seem to have a different idea of what their god is and wants.
    • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

    .ancient Egyptian religion, ancient Greek religion) and their gods ultimately come to be regarded as untrue or incorrect, all theistic religions, including contemporary ones, are therefore most likely untrue/incorrect by induction.^ Therefore God, like, exists and stuff.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ With so many religions come so many gods, they can’t have all created the world.
    • The existence of God and Jesus is a proven fact – as is Jersey being a Christian island » Comment » This Is Jersey 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thisisjersey.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Therefore, God is real, and likes beer.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    It is implied as part of Stephen F. Roberts' popular quotation:
    “I contend that we are both atheists. .I just believe in one fewer god than you do.^ Albert Einstein believed in God, are you smarter than him?
    • New Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cosmicfingerprints.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You must believe in God.
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Are you higher than God?
    • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

    When you understand why you dismiss all the other possible gods, you will understand why I dismiss yours.”

Subjective arguments

.Similar to the subjective arguments for the existence of God, subjective arguments against the supernatural mainly rely on the testimony or experience of witnesses, or the propositions of a revealed religion in general.^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ I am against god, and against religion.
  • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY The difference in religions disproves God's existence.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

  • The witness argument gives credibility to personal witnesses, contemporary and from the past, who disbelieve or strongly doubt the existence of God.
  • The conflicted religions argument notes that many religions give differing accounts as to what God is and what God wants; since all the contradictory accounts cannot be correct, many if not all religions must be incorrect.

Conclusions

.Conclusions on the existence of God can be divided along numerous axes, producing a variety of orthogonal classifications.^ For my part, I most certainly *could* be convinced of the existence of god--if only I was shown conclusive empirical evidence that is reproducible by others.
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The point of an argument for the existence of God is to show how someone could reach that conclusion.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If a proof of Gods non-existence would be discovered it would probably have been provided by God to test the faith of his people or something along those lines.
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

.Theism and atheism relate to belief about the existence of gods, while gnosticism and agnosticism relates to belief about whether the existence of gods is (or can be) known.^ It's not about atheism or theism.
  • I had an intellectual conversation about the existence of god with a bunch of 8 year olds... whilst playing Modern Warfare 2. : AskReddit 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reddit.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So why not about the existence of God?
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Arguments about the Existence of God .

.Ignosticism concerns belief regarding God's conceptual coherence.^ For those who regard God as something beyond a more current and vastly more complicated unicorn, there are many avenues of belief available.
  • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

Theism

.The theistic conclusion is that the arguments indicate there is sufficient reason to believe that at least one god exists.^ But I believe there are gods.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As for me, I choose to believe in God and begin reasoning from there.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM PERFECTION (1) If there are absolute moral standards, then God exists.
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

God exists and this can be demonstrated

.The Catechism of the Catholic Church, following the Thomist tradition and the dogmatic definition of the First Vatican Council, affirms that it is a doctrine of the Catholic Church that God's existence has been rationally demonstrated.^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PEACOCK ARGUMENT FROM ORIGINALITY (1) I have written the following to demonstrate the existence of God.
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM PLAGERISM I have written the following to demonstrate the non-existence of God.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

.For the proofs of God's existence by Saint Thomas Aquinas see Quinquae viae.^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For me, I have proof of the existence of God as well, in the bible.
  • Scientific Evidence of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such are the proofs for the existence of God.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many other Christian denominations share the view that God's existence can be demonstrated without recourse to claims of revelation.^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Our Fenelon, claimed in brotherhood by Christians of every denomination, was born nearly eighty years after that time, at the chateau of Fenelon in Perigord, on the 6th of August, 1651.
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So, in fact, many Christians are being killed just for their faith, possibly more than the people of other religions killed by the ‘claim to be Christians’ that Bambi mentions.
  • The existence of God and Jesus is a proven fact – as is Jersey being a Christian island » Comment » This Is Jersey 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thisisjersey.com [Source type: Original source]

On beliefs of Christian faith, theologians and philosophers make a distinction between
  1. doctrines arising from special revelation that arise essentially from faith in divinely inspired revelations, including the life of Christ, but cannot be proved or even anticipated by reason alone, such as the doctrines of the Trinity or the Incarnation, and
  2. doctrines arising from general revelation, that is from reason alone drawing conclusions based on relatively obvious observations of the world and self.
.The argument that the existence of God can be known to all, even prior to exposure to any divine revelation, predates Christianity.^ The argument also assumes that God is the Christian God.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM REVELATION (1) God told me that he exists.
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

St. Paul made this argument when he insisted that pagans were without excuse because "since the creation of the world [God's] invisible nature, namely, his eternal power and deity, has been clearly perceived in the things that have been made".[34] In this Paul alludes to the proofs for a creator, later enunciated by St. Thomas[35] and others, but that had also been explored by the Greek philosophers.
Another apologetical school of thought, a sort of synthesis of various existing Dutch and American Reformed thinkers (such as, Abraham Kuyper, Benjamin Warfield, Herman Dooyeweerd), emerged in the late 1920s. .This school was instituted by Cornelius Van Til, and came to be popularly called Presuppositional apologetics (though Van Til himself felt "transcendental" would be a more accurate title).^ Perhaps a more accurate example would be that of flow of electrical current or fluid pressure and flow through a pipe.
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I would like this kind of discussion to take place more often and in schools and even churches.
  • The existence of God and Jesus is a proven fact – as is Jersey being a Christian island » Comment » This Is Jersey 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thisisjersey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now why would I give you something called “New Scientific Evidence” if it’s more than 15 years old?
  • New Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cosmicfingerprints.com [Source type: Original source]

.The main distinction between this approach and the more classical evidentialist approach mentioned above is that the presuppositionalist denies any common ground between the believer and the non-believer, except that which the non-believer denies, namely, the assumption of the truth of the theistic worldview.^ In other words the distinction between the finite and the infinite must be abolished and the principle of contradiction denied.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Secondly, there is biblical precedent set before us of those who have reasoned with non-believers about the truth of Christianity.
  • Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

^ For nominalists do not believe in the existence of any universals—except one (that all universals are only names).
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

.In other words, presuppositionalists don't believe that the existence of God can be proven by appeal to raw, uninterpreted (or, "brute") facts, which have the same (theoretical) meaning to people with fundamentally different worldviews, because they deny that such a condition is even possible.^ I'm 38 and don't believe in God or any religion.
  • I had an intellectual conversation about the existence of god with a bunch of 8 year olds... whilst playing Modern Warfare 2. : AskReddit 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reddit.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And, they didn't believe in the same god as me.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Today, we don't deny that God is personal.

.They claim that the only possible proof for the existence of God is that the very same belief is the necessary condition to the intelligibility of all other human experience and action.^ But if God’s existence is possible – if we can conceive of a necessary being – he must exist.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Surprisingly it is possible to prove the existence of God.
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

.In other words, they attempt to prove the existence of God by means of appeal to the alleged transcendental necessity of the belief — indirectly (by appeal to the allegedly unavowed presuppositions of the non-believer's worldview) rather than directly (by appeal to some form of common factuality).^ Surprisingly it is possible to prove the existence of God.
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ As Leuba, the psychologist, has put it, God is used rather than believed in.

^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

.In practice this school utilizes what have come to be known as transcendental arguments.^ I mean, we get all het up over these arguments, but whether we come down on one side or the other, what practical difference does it make?
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.In these arguments they claim to demonstrate that all human experience and action (even the condition of unbelief, itself) is a proof for the existence of God, because God's existence is the necessary condition of their intelligibility.^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

God exists, but this cannot be demonstrated nor refuted

.Others have suggested that the several logical and philosophical arguments for and against the existence of God miss the point.^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Teleology points to God’s existence, moral argument shows we miss God’s expectation.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Arguments against God's existence have been given by philosophers, atheists, and agnostics.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.The word God has a meaning in human culture and history that does not correspond to the beings whose existence is supported by such arguments, assuming they are valid.^ Next » 36 Arguments for the Existence of God .
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ What does it mean to observe God?
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not a God, not an animal, not another human being.
  • The existence of God and Jesus is a proven fact – as is Jersey being a Christian island » Comment » This Is Jersey 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thisisjersey.com [Source type: Original source]

.The real question is not whether a "most perfect being" or an "uncaused first cause" exist; the real question is whether Yahweh or Vishnu or Zeus, or some other deity of attested human religion, exists, and if so, which deity.^ I can also understand the concept that this most perfect island could exist in reality.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, that being must exist in reality also.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Question 1: Why do we need an uncaused cause?
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most of these arguments do not resolve the issue of which of these figures is more likely to exist.^ Briefly, of the empirical argument it can be said that it proves nothing either in favor of or against the existence of God, that it does no more than suggest the possibility of a God existing.

^ These axioms are of all times, or to speak more properly, they exist before all time, and will ever remain after any comprehensible duration.
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, do these images, more like their original than the masterpieces of the art of painting, imprint themselves in my head without any art?
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Blaise Pascal suggested this objection in his Pensées when he wrote "The God of Abraham, God of Isaac, and God of Jacob — not the god of the philosophers!". Philosophical debate has also included Pascal's Wager, the idea of belief without evidence, based on possible rewards in the afterlife.^ One without a belief in god is an atheist.
  • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Without atheists, all Gods are possible.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the difference is our belief is based on evidence.
  • Julian Baggini: Hume's targets are those who argue rationally for the existence of God or the reality of miracles | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Some Christians note that the Christian faith teaches "salvation is by faith",[36] and that faith is reliance upon the faithfulness of God, which has little to do with the believer's ability to comprehend that in which he trusts.^ The God of the Christian faith has nothing to do with the God of the Muslim faith.
  • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Note that not all idiots believe in God.
  • There is a website that successfully argues for the existence of God.Here is the URL.Therefore, God exists. | MetaFilter 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If God is believed to be the first cause of creation it must also be accepted that He is distinct from His effect which He creates at some time according to His convenience.

.The most extreme example of this position is called fideism, which holds that faith is simply the will to believe, and argues that if God's existence were rationally demonstrable, faith in its existence would become superfluous.^ Hence it is rational to believe that god exists.
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not that we would have to believe in God after witnessing this event.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Søren Kierkegaard argued that objective knowledge, such as 1+1=2, is unimportant to existence.^ There is little objective reasoning in the pursuit of arguing for the existence of God using evidence from the natural world.
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Knowledge such as this is sufficient for the starting point of this fifth proof for the existence of God.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He argued that some concept of God is essential at the start of any proof for the existence of God and such a concept includes the notion of God's existence.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

.If God could rationally be proven, his existence would be unimportant to humans.^ If existence could be proven, God would not be transcendent but simply a feature of the universe.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If existence could be proven, God would not be transcendent but simply a feature of the universe.” .
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If the existence of God is proven, then God exists.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

.It is because God cannot rationally be proven that his existence is important to us.^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the existence of God is proven, then God exists.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ How can he prove God's existence if rational argument is ruled out?
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

.In The Justification of Knowledge, the Calvinist theologian Robert L. Reymond argues that believers should not attempt to prove the existence of God.^ It will be evident that I do not believe science or theology can prove God’s existence.
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So does this prove the existence of God?
  • Scientific Evidence of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The idea of God does not prove his existence.

.Since he believes all such proofs are fundamentally unsound, believers should not place their confidence in them, much less resort to them in discussions with non-believers; rather, they should accept the content of revelation by faith.^ A sort of fowl that swim, such as swans, keep their wings and most of their feathers above water, both lest they should wet them and that they may serve them, as it were, for sails.
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Considering the first, some believe that God does not change and God is not perfected or fulfilled by others, since they receive all of their perfection from Him, yet despite this perfection, God is different in His being than He somehow could have been.
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The only solution deism can suggest to all such problems is to accept the world as being without cause since otherwise it must inevitably be faced with the problem of answering all the questions.

.Reymond's position is similar to that of his mentor, Gordon Clark, which holds that all worldviews are based on certain unprovable first premises (or, axioms), and therefore are ultimately unprovable.^ Isn't Anselm's first premise "i can conceive of God, which is a perfect being" or something similar?
  • There is a website that successfully argues for the existence of God.Here is the URL.Therefore, God exists. | MetaFilter 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, in Euclid, the axioms are the first principles from which all the proposition A may ultimately be deduced.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The atheist must ultimately accept that the genocidal or 'depraved' atheist (there is no God therefore I do what I will) is no "worse" than the 'gentle' atheist (there is no God therefore let's all be friends) if his creed is true.
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

The Christian theist therefore must simply choose to start with Christianity rather than anything else, by a "leap of faith." This position is also sometimes called presuppositional apologetics, but should not be confused with the Van Tillian variety discussed above.
.An intermediate position is that of Alvin Plantinga who holds that a specific form of modal logic and an appeal to world-indexed properties render belief in the existence of God rational and justified, even though the existence of God cannot be proven in a mathematical sense.^ That is logical nonsense, as a god with potentiality cannot be a god.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, believing in God requires faith and cannot be logically proven.
  • Generation Terrorists Forum - Arguement for the un-existence of god 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.generationterrorists.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Plantinga equates knowledge of God's existence with kinds of knowledge that are rational but do not proceed through proof, such as sensory knowledge.^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For me, I have proof of the existence of God as well, in the bible.
  • Scientific Evidence of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Knowledge such as this is sufficient for the starting point of this fifth proof for the existence of God.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

[37]

Atheism

.The atheistic conclusion is that the arguments indicate there is insufficient reason to believe that any gods exist.^ But I believe there are gods.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As for me, I choose to believe in God and begin reasoning from there.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM PERFECTION (1) If there are absolute moral standards, then God exists.
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

Strong atheism

.Strong atheism (or positive atheism) is the position that no gods exist.^ If God exists, then there is no evil.
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To say, then, that God is outside of time is to say that He is immutable, for if He exists wholly from one moment to the next, then there is no past or future for Him.
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM LACK OF EVIDENCE II (MODIFIED SIMPSON’S ARGUMENT) (1) God, if you exist, please give me absolutely no sign.
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

.The strong atheist explicitly asserts the non-existence of gods.^ Or experiences of God's non-existence?
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Quoting the main article: "This incontrovertible existence of God, this easily observed sociological phenomenon, has nothing to do with the sort of material or physical God that immature atheists are so eager to debunk."
  • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And therefore can never prove the non-existence of God.
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38] .Some strong atheists further assert that the existence of some or all gods is logically impossible, for example claiming that the combination of attributes which God may be asserted to have (for example: omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence, transcendence, omnibenevolence) is logically contradictory, incomprehensible, or absurd, and therefore that the existence of such a god is a priori false.^ When one is in such a relationship with God, doubt of His existence is absurd.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ His omnipotence is a necessary attribute, as are all of God's attributes and do not require any contributing factors.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, all gods are false.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

Metaphysical naturalism is a common worldview associated with strong atheism.

Weak atheism

.The term weak atheism (or negative atheism) is used in two main senses, describing those who (a) do not assert strong atheism ("no gods exist") but rather the more minimal statement that for a variety of reasons (principally the lack of credible scientific evidence) there are no good reasons and no credible grounds for believing that gods exist ("I do not believe that any gods exist"); or (b) neither believe that gods exist, nor believe that no gods exist.^ To those who believe in the divinity of the bible there is no question as to it's correctness.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To those who attribute a lack of logic, indeed logical incomprehension, to those who believe in God: neither is it provable that there is no God, or that we are not creatures of God's mind (Bishop Barclay) .
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ As for me, I choose to believe in God and begin reasoning from there.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

.This is orthogonal to agnosticism which states that whether gods exist is either unknown or unknowable.^ Whether God exists?
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God exists whether you like it or not.
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]
  • There is a website that successfully argues for the existence of God.Here is the URL.Therefore, God exists. | MetaFilter 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What it has not stated is that, if God exists , then he exists necessarily.
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It should be noted that there is some controversy about this use of the term.^ Here again it must be noted that the term "cause" is used, not identically, but proportionally, of the first and secondary causes.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And THERE NEVER WILL BE! He is a construct of the human mind, I should say SOME human minds.
  • Some of the evidences of the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC lofi.forum.physorg.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The greatest of these Theologians was Thomas Aquinas and I think that you should find out about some of the stuff which he wrote before casting an opinion.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

Agnosticism

.Agnosticism is the view that the truth value of certain claims — especially claims about the existence of any deity, but also other religious and metaphysical claims — is unknown or unknowable.^ The only thing that science can address about the existence of a deity is the processes occurring in the brains of those who are undergoing an experience they, themselves, characterise as "religious".
  • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But to allow one theory to be taught and the other to be criticized as religious fanaticism doesn't serve the scientific community very well in the search for the truth.
  • Generation Terrorists Forum - Arguement for the un-existence of god 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.generationterrorists.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The existence of God and other like truths about God, which can be known by natural reason, are not articles of faith, but are preambles to the articles, for faith presupposes natural knowledge, even as grace presupposes nature, and perfection supposes something that can be perfected.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

[39] .Agnosticism as a broad umbrella term does not define one's belief or disbelief in gods, agnostics may still identify themselves as theists or atheists.^ Perhaps one may object: "Travelers have reported tribes without any belief or religion."
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Psalm 14:1 NIV The fool [a] says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, their deeds are vile; there is no one who does good.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » NYT recap: Hitchens versus Sharpton on the existence of God; Update: Hitch versus Douglas Wilson at Christianity Today 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hotair.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If I am an atheist or a theist, I may reason clearly why I am so.
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40]

Strong agnosticism

.Strong agnosticism is the belief that it is impossible for humans to know whether or not any deities exist.^ Though computers are significantly inferior to humans in all these capacities, it is nevertheless impossible to know to what extent this differs from the awareness found in human beings (ignoring complexity).
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Since disbelief is a form of belief, the degree of faith a person has that God does not exist is what determines how strong an atheist he or she is, or is not.
  • Some of the evidences of the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC lofi.forum.physorg.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But this would not be unless the existence of God could be demonstrated through the things that are made; for the first thing we must know of anything is, whether it exists.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

Weak agnosticism

Weak agnosticism is the belief that the existence or nonexistence of deities is unknown but not necessarily unknowable.

Agnostic theism

.Agnostic theism is the view of those who do not claim to know the existence of any deity but believes that at least one deity exists.^ Although…..at least I know it does exist!
  • The existence of God and Jesus is a proven fact – as is Jersey being a Christian island » Comment » This Is Jersey 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thisisjersey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By that authority, the man who cannot follow the intricacies of proof, either by reason of inability or lack of leisured time, knows beyond question that the reason of man, by its own power, can certainly know the existence of God and that God, the supreme Being, certainly exists.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you have some theist who believes that their deity(ies) are entirely natural, then I'll talk to their existence or lack thereof.
  • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

Agnostic atheism

.Agnostic atheism is the view of those who do not claim to know the existence of any deity but do not believe in any.^ If you have some theist who believes that their deity(ies) are entirely natural, then I'll talk to their existence or lack thereof.
  • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "Arguing against a position which you create specifically to be easy to argue against, rather than the position actually held by those who oppose your point of view.".
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The only thing that science can address about the existence of a deity is the processes occurring in the brains of those who are undergoing an experience they, themselves, characterise as "religious".
  • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

[40]
.The theologian Robert Flint explains: "If a man have failed to find any good reason for believing that there is a God, it is perfectly natural and rational that he should not believe that there is a God; and if so, he is an atheist, although he assume no superhuman knowledge, but merely the ordinary human power of judging of evidence.^ But I believe there are gods.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As for me, I choose to believe in God and begin reasoning from there.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No, I'm not going to explain why God should be rational.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

.If he go farther, and, after an investigation into the nature and reach of human knowledge, ending in the conclusion that the existence of God is incapable of proof, cease to believe in it on the ground that he cannot know it to be true, he is an agnostic and also an atheist, an agnostic-atheist — an atheist because an agnostic."^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God’s existence is possible by the ordinary processes of human knowledge."
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[41]

Apatheism

.The apatheist considers the question of God's existence or nonexistence to be of little or no practical importance.^ There is no evidence for the existence of God.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Helio, you already know one of my answers to your question (what if there was no God), but you didn't get round to answering the reverse when I asked you.
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ This in turn raises serious doubts as to the adequacy of rationality's scope for answering the question of God's existence.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

Psychological aspects

.Several authors have offered psychological or sociological explanations for belief in the existence of God.^ We do have belief in the non-existence of the "god" offered up by the various religions.
  • Julian Baggini: Hume's targets are those who argue rationally for the existence of God or the reality of miracles | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, if we acknowledge the sociological existence of God, then we can predict, for example, that a new abortion clinic will meet with greater protest in a community where God's existence is more strongly expressed.
  • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Atheist offers several possible, natural explanations.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of these views have been sought to give a naturalistic explanation of religion, though this does not necessarily mean such views are exclusive to naturalism.^ Having potentiality does not necessarily mean that God will die.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I've seen too many people take words from the bible and invent a meaning to suit their goals to just believe this, even though I would like to.
  • I had an intellectual conversation about the existence of god with a bunch of 8 year olds... whilst playing Modern Warfare 2. : AskReddit 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reddit.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Let us allow the truth of all these wonderful instances of rationality; for all nature is full of such prodigies.
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Psychologists observe that the majority of humans often ask existential questions such as "why we are here" and whether life has purpose.^ This is the existential hades of human life.

^ Look it up :-)" To which I asked you to clarify whether you thought that I was guilty of a logical fallacy: “I don't tend to major on fallacies, and wasn't aware I was committing one.
  • BBC - Will & Testament: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ If any one asks me the further question, Why are we naturally so prone to divide quantity?
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Some psychologists have posited that religious beliefs may recruit cognitive mechanisms in order to satisfy these questions.^ And then of course there are the psychologists studying the interface between personality and religious belief.
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ If it is applied to God, it becomes necessary to discover some cause of God in order to satisfy the requirements of this law.

^ It may be this man will try to satisfy his mind, and his heart, by the absurdities of order explained by chance, by the blindness of necessity that has no source, or the deceit of substituting a process for an explanation.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

William James emphasized the inner religious struggle between melancholy and happiness, and pointed to trance as a cognitive mechanism. Sigmund Freud stressed fear and pain, the need for a powerful parenteral figure, the obsessional nature of ritual, and the hypnotic state a community can induce as contributing factors to the psychology of religion.
.Pascal Boyer's "Religion Explained," (2002) based in part on his anthropological field work, treats belief in God as the result of the brain's tendency towards agency detection.^ To his dying day, Einstein held to his belief that as the result of the verification of his theory of General Relativity, God exists.

^ Almost every religion in the end develops a belief system in which God is described as "Nothing" which should be read as "Nothing we can know" .
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Just as all roads led to Rome in the ancient world, a popular belief today is that all religions connect people to God.
  • http://www.easycart.net/AlwaysBeReady/1_DVDs.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.easycart.net [Source type: General]

.Boyer suggest that because of evolutionary pressures, we err on the side of attributing agency where there isn't any.^ And if there isn't, thats OK too, because yet again, my life doesn't change much.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

In Boyer's view, belief in supernatural entities spreads and becomes culturally fixed because of their memorability. .The concept of 'minimally-counterintuitive' beings that differ from the ordinary in a small number of ways (such as being invisible, able to fly, or having access to strategic and otherwise secret information) leave a lasting impression that spreads through word-of-mouth.^ We know that all humans are mortal because humanity, as such, involves mortality, it is the nature of a human being to be mortal; mortality follows necessarily from its having an animal body.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no perfect way to knowledge and therefore there is no imperfect way (the concept of "imperfect" being contingent of the (transcendental) concept "perfect".
  • Julian Baggini: Hume's targets are those who argue rationally for the existence of God or the reality of miracles | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ For each must exist in itself, and be conceived through itself; in other words, the conception of one does not imply the conception of the other.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Scott Atran's "In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion" (2002) makes a similar argument and adds examination of the socially coordinating aspects of shared belief.^ ARGUMENT FROM MEANNESS If God did exist, it would be mean of him to make me believe he didnt!
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM FUTURE EVIDENCE It doesn't seem to make sense that there would logically be a God.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM PHOTO-OP (ARGUMENT FROM THE PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE II) A couple of federal judges ruled in 2002 that the Pledge was unconstitutional because it states "one nation, under God.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

.In "Minds and Gods: The Cognitive Foundations of Religion," Todd Tremlin follows Boyer in arguing that universal human cognitive process naturally produces the concept of the supernatural.^ Foundations of the deductive tract on the nature of God.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We know that all humans are mortal because humanity, as such, involves mortality, it is the nature of a human being to be mortal; mortality follows necessarily from its having an animal body.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Good book on Einstein's extensive discussions of religion and theology: Einstein and Religion: Physics and Theology by Max Jammer -Ed ) God created the universe and God is intelligent.

.Tremlin contends that an agency detection device (ADD) and a theory of mind module (ToMM) lead humans to suspect an agent behind every event.^ Instead, we would have to attribute every human action to the mysterious goblins behind the intellects.
  • Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

.Natural events for which there is no obvious agent thus may be attributed to God.^ There is no evidence for God, as there is with Unicorns.
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Olympus and there were no gods there.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

^ You believe that there is no god!
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

See also

References

  1. ^ see eg The Rationality of Theism quoting Quentin Smith "God is not 'dead' in academia; he returned to life in the late 1960s". They cite "the shift from hostility towards theism in Paul Edwards's Encyclopedia of Philosophy (1967) to sympathy towards theism in the more recent Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  2. ^ Both following Aquinas, see Quinquae viae.
  3. ^ A modern re-statement, see
  4. ^ Following Anselm's Ontological argument
  5. ^ See Richard Swinburne's Does God Exist? or Polkinghorne
  6. ^ See the articles on them, and especially Einstein's 1940 paper in Nature
  7. ^ Hebbar, Neria Harish. "The Principal Upanishads". http://www.boloji.com/hinduism/037.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-12. 
  8. ^ Those holding this range from Dawkins to Ward to Plantinga.
  9. ^ Polkinghorne, John (1998). Belief in God in an Age of Science. Yale University Press. ISBN 0300072945. 
  10. ^ see his God and Other Minds: A Study of the Rational Justification of Belief in God Cornell (1990) ISBN 0801497353 and Warranted Christian Belief OUP (2000) ISBN 0195131932
  11. ^ See e.g. the Beale/Howson debate published Prospect May, 1998
  12. ^ see eg The Probability of God by Stephen D. Unwin its criticism in The God Delusion, and the critical comment in that article.
  13. ^ Klostermaier, Klaus K. (2007). A survey of Hinduism. Albany: Sate University of New York Press. pp. 357. ISBN 0-7914-7081-4. 
  14. ^ Sudesh Narang (1984)The Vaisnava Philosophy According to Baladeva Vidyābhūṣaṇa, p. 30
  15. ^ Maria Ekstrand; Bryant, Edwin H. (2004). The Hare Krishna movement: the postcharismatic fate of a religious transplant. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 7. ISBN 0-231-12256-X. 
  16. ^ PLANTINGA, ALVIN (1998). God, arguments for the existence of. In E. Craig (Ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. London: Routledge. Retrieved March 3, 2007, from [1] he attributes this to Charles Hartshorne
  17. ^ Isa. 41:21-24
  18. ^ Isa. 44:6-7
  19. ^ 2 Timothy 3:16
  20. ^ Amos 3:7
  21. ^ Polkinghorne, John. Science and Christian Belief. pp. 108–122. 
  22. ^ Reichenbach, Bruce R. (April 1989). "Karma, causation, and divine intervention". Philosophy East and West (Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press) 39 (2): pp. 135–149. http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-PHIL/reiche2.htm. Retrieved 29/12/2009. 
  23. ^ see,Theistic Explanations of Karma, pg. 146 of Causation and Divine Intervention by BR Reichenbach at http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-PHIL/reiche2.htm citing Sankara's commentary on Brahma Sutras,III, 2, 38, and 41.
  24. ^ See, Theistic Explanations of Karma, Causation and Divine Intervention by BR Reichenbach at http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-PHIL/reiche2.htm citing Sankara's commentary on Brahma Sutras,III, 2, 38, and 41.
  25. ^ See Theistic Explanations of Karma, pg. 146 of Causation and Divine Intervention by BR Reichenbach, citing Uddyotakara, Nyaayavaarttika, IV, 1, 21, at http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-PHIL/reiche2.htm
  26. ^ See Theistic Explanations of Karma, pg. 146 of Causation and Divine Intervention by BR Reichenbach, citing Uddyotakara, Nyaayavaarttika, IV, 1, 21, at http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-PHIL/reiche2.htm
  27. ^ See Theistic Explanations of Karma, pg. 146 of Causation and Divine Intervention by BR Reichenbach, citing Uddyotakara, Nyaayavaarttika, IV, 1, 21, at http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/FULLTEXT/JR-PHIL/reiche2.htm
  28. ^ (Stuttgart, 1908)
  29. ^ Swinburne, Richard (1997). Is there a God?. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198235453. 
  30. ^ (A. Stöckl, Geschichte der neueren Philosophie, II, 82 sqq.)
  31. ^ (Stöckl, loc. cit., 199 sqq.)
  32. ^ Religion Explained: The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought, Pascal Boyer, Basic Books (2001)
  33. ^ Introduction To Materialist Apologetics
  34. ^ Romans 1:20
  35. ^ .For the proofs of God's existence by Saint Thomas Aquinas see Quinquae viae.^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
    • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For me, I have proof of the existence of God as well, in the bible.
    • Scientific Evidence of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Such are the proofs for the existence of God.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

  36. ^ 2 Timothy 3:14-15 NIV "But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have become convinced of, because you know those from whom you learned it, and how from infancy you have known the holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus." (Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.)
  37. ^ Plantinga, Alvin (1974). The Nature of Necessity. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 63. "An object has all its world-indexed properties in every world in which it exists. So if we take an object x and a property P and worlds W and W* such that x has the properties of having-P-in-W and having-non-P-in-W*, we will find that x also has the properties of having-P-in-W-in-W* and having-non-P-in-W*-in-W" 
  38. ^ Richard Dawkins is the most famous contemporary example, in a line stretching back through Russell and Marx to the 18th Century
  39. ^ Carroll, Robert (2009-02-22). "agnosticism". The Skeptic's Dictionary. skepdic.com. http://skepdic.com/agnosticism.html. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  40. ^ a b Cline, Austin. "What is Agnosticism?". About.com. http://atheism.about.com/od/aboutagnosticism/p/overview.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-08. 
  41. ^ Flint, Robert (1903). "Erroneous VIews of Agnosticism". Agnosticism. C. Scribner sons. pp. 50. http://books.google.com/books?id=DWMtAAAAYAAJ&dq=%22agnostic+atheism%22&output=text&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 

External links


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

Contents

AS KNOWN THROUGH NATURAL REASON ("THE GOD OF THE PHILOSOPHERS")

THE PROBLEM STATED

Formal Anti-Theism

.Had the Theist merely to face a blank Atheistic denial of God's existence, his task would he comparatively a light one.^ No one denied existence of God.

^ I just deny the NEED for an existence of God.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The few that deny Gods existence are insignificant.
  • Chapter 1 - The Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

.Formal dogmatic Atheism is self-refuting, and has never de facto won the reasoned assent of any considerable number of men.^ Formal dogmatic Atheism is self-refuting, and has never de facto won the reasoned assent of any considerable number of men .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From the time of Plato at latest learned men in Europe have excogitated a considerable number of arguments which have the following feature in common, viz.
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nor can Polytheism, however easily it may take hold of the popular imagination, ever satisfy the mind of a philosopher.^ Nor can Polytheism , however easily it may take hold of the popular imagination , ever satisfy the mind of a philosopher .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nor can Polytheism, however easily it may take hold of the popular imagination, ever satisfy the mind of a philosopher.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some philosophers of mind hold that the soul is spatially present in the body.
  • bethinking.org - Who are you God? - The coherence of theism - part 1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bethinking.org [Source type: Original source]

.But there are several varieties of what may be described as virtual Atheism which cannot be dismissed so summarily.^ But there are several varieties of what may be described as virtual Atheism which cannot be dismissed so summarily.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are several varieties of the concept of Infinity.
  • The Christian Worldview Forum • View topic - Osito Attempts to Analytically Prove the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.americanvision.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Later (in a question not included in Hyman and Walsh) he rules out the possibility that there may be several individuals of this nature: there is only one God.
  • Week 2: Scotus's proof of the existence of an infinite being 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.humanities.mq.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

.There is the Agnosticism, for instance, of Herbert Spencer, which, while admitting the rational necessity of postulating the Absolute or Unconditioned behind the relative and conditioned objects of our knowledge declares that Absolute to be altogether unknowable, to be in fact the Unknowable, about which without being guilty of contradiction we can predicate nothing at all, except perhaps that It exists; and there are other types of Agnosticism.^ On the contrary, the absolute necessity of a judgement is only a conditioned necessity of a thing, or of the predicate in a judgement.
  • SECTION IV. Of the Impossibility of an Ontological Proof of the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.rbjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is the source of all being, the source of all that exists.

^ So there exists a self-existent being.
  • Philosophical Proofs on the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.saintaquinas.com [Source type: Original source]

Then again there is Pantheism in an almost endless variety of forms, all of which, however, may be logically reduced to the three following types:
  • the purely materialistic, which, making matter the only reality, would explain life by mechanics and chemistry, reduce abstract thought to the level of an organic process deny any higher ultimate moral value to the Ten Commandments than to Newton's law of gravitation, and, finally, identify God Himself with the universe thus interpreted (see MATERIALISM; MONISM);
  • the purely idealistic, which, choosing the contrary alternative, would make mind the only reality, convert the material universe into an idea, and identify God with this all-embracing mind or idea, conceived as eternally evolving itself into passing phases or expressions of being and attaining self-consciousness in the souls of men; and
  • the combined materialistic-idealistic, which tries to steer a middle course and without sacrificing mind to matter or matter to mind, would conceive the existing universe, with which God is identified, as some sort of "double-faced" single entity.
.Thus to accomplish even the beginning of his task the Theist has to show, against Agnostics, that the knowledge of God attainable by rational inference -- however inadequate and imperfect it may be -- is as true and valid, as far as it goes, as any other piece of knowledge we possess; and against Pantheists that the God of reason is a supra-mundane personal God distinct both from matter and from the finite human mind -- that neither we ourselves nor the earth we tread upon enter into the constitution of His being.^ God is rational, and what he does is rational, and we ourselves are blessed with reason.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Anselm: On the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ As a personal being, God is therefore of the order of unembodied Mind.
  • bethinking.org - Who are you God? - The coherence of theism - part 1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bethinking.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Consequently, the knowledge of God is ultimately a personal knowledge.
  • Preface - A Case for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.deanoverman.com [Source type: Original source]

Types of Theism

.But passing from views that are formally anti-theistic, it is found that among Theists themselves certain differences exist which tend to complicate the problem, and increase the difficulty of stating it briefly and clearly.^ Types of Theism But passing from views that are formally anti-theistic, it is found that among Theists themselves certain differences exist which tend to complicate the problem, and increase the difficulty of stating it briefly and clearly.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But passing from views that are formally anti-theistic, it is found that among Theists themselves certain differences exist which tend to complicate the problem, and increase the difficulty of stating it briefly and clearly.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The debate will explore the age-old question of whether a personal God exists, with the two speakers presenting widely differing points of view.
  • OSU club to hear debate about existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.gazettetimes.com [Source type: General]

.Some of these differences are brief and clear.^ Some of these differences are brief and clear.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this reading, there are different kinds of clear and distinct perceptions, some of which are totally immune from doubt and some of which need God to confirm them.
  • SparkNotes: Meditations on First Philosophy: Third Meditation, part 3: the existence of God and the Cartesian Circle 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.sparknotes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some of these differences are merely formal and accidental and do not affect the substance of the theistic thesis, but others are of substantial importance, as, for instance, whether we can validly establish the truth of God's existence by the same kind of rational inference (e.^ Some arguments for the existence of God are: 1.
  • God - A Christian Life Study Chart - Bible Study Charts.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.biblestudycharts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whether God is the same as His essence or nature?
  • Summa Theologica 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why then do some men accept the existence of God while others do not?
  • "God's Existence" by Pastor Mark Downey 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.kinsmanredeemer.com [Source type: Original source]

g. from effect to cause) as we employ in other departments of knowledge, or whether, in order to justify our belief in this truth, we must not rather rely on some transcendental principle or axiom, superior and antecedent to dialectical reasoning; or on immediate intuition; or on some moral, sentimental, emotional, or aesthetic instinct or perception, which is voluntary rather than intellectual.
.Kant denied in the name of "pure reason" the inferential validity of the classical theistic proofs, while in the name of "practical reason" he postulated God's existence as an implicate of the moral law, and Kant's method has been followed or imitated by many Theists -- by some who fully agree with him in rejecting the classical arguments; by others, who, without going so far, believe in the apologetical expediency of trying to persuade rather than convince men to be Theists.^ A popular argument among many atheists is that people believe in the existence of God for psychological reasons.
  • Christian Responses to Arguments Against God's Existence-4Truth.net 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.4truth.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Arguments for the existence of god .
  • Philosophy of religion - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC reid.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Theists have a lot more to prove than merely the existence of a god...
  • Comments on - A lot of atheists' claims to prove the irrationality of "God existence" are so weak and extremely irrational. Comments by maria, Ashoka, Ahmed, Asok, Tariq, Larry: Minekey Opinions 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC minekey.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A moderate reaction against the too rigidly mathematical intellectualism of Descartes was to be welcomed, but the Kantian reaction by its excesses has injured the cause of Theism and helped forward the cause of anti-theistic philosophy.^ A moderate reaction against the too rigidly mathematical intellectualism of Descartes was to be welcomed, but the Kantian reaction by its excesses has injured the cause of Theism and helped forward the cause of anti-theistic philosophy.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That would stop the fine-tuning argument from convincing anyone of theism by itself, though not from increasing G’s probability significantly and thereby helping other theistic arguments.
  • How convincing is the ‘fine-tuning’ argument for God’s existence? | PhilosoFiles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.philosofiles.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Theists thus found that anti-theistic critiques of certain conceptions of God could actually be quite helpful in framing a more adequate conception.
  • bethinking.org - Who are you God? - The coherence of theism - part 1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bethinking.org [Source type: Original source]

.Herbert Spencer, as is well known, borrowed most of his arguments for Agnosticism from Hamilton and Mansel, who had popularized Kantian criticism in England, while in trying to improve on Kant's reconstructive transcendentalism, his German disciples (Fichte, Schelling, Hegel) drifted into Pantheism.^ Herbert Spencer, as is well known, borrowed most of his arguments for Agnosticism from Hamilton and Mansel, who had popularized Kantian criticism in England , while in trying to improve on Kant's reconstructive transcendentalism, his German disciples (Fichte, Schelling, Hegel ) drifted into Pantheism .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Herbert Spencer, as is well known, borrowed most of his arguments for Agnosticism from Hamilton and Mansel, who had popularized Kantian criticism in England, while in trying to improve on Kant's reconstructive transcendentalism, his German disciples (Fichte, Schelling, Hegel) drifted into Pantheism.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why is the design argument the most popular?
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Kant also helped to prepare the way for the total disparagement of human reason in relation to religious truth, which constitutes the negative side of Traditionalism, while the appeal of that system on the positive side to the common consent and tradition of mankind as the chief or sole criterion of truth and more especially of religious truth -- its authority as a criterion being traced ultimately to a positive Divine revelation -- is, like Kant's refuge in practical reason, merely an illogical attempt to escape from Agnosticism.^ Kant also helped to prepare the way for the total disparagement of human reason in relation to religious truth , which constitutes the negative side of Traditionalism , while the appeal of that system on the positive side to the common consent and tradition of mankind as the chief or sole criterion of truth and more especially of religious truth — its authority as a criterion being traced ultimately to a positive Divine revelation — is, like Kant's refuge in practical reason, merely an illogical attempt to escape from Agnosticism .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then atheists and agnostics are on the side of TRUTH 2.

^ He appeals to my reason, and my reason cries out within me that he has truth on his side.
  • The Existence of God3 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Again, though Ontologism -- like that of Malebranche (d.^ The latter is published here - though not for the first time; like Scott's version, it was published as an appendix to John Howard Sobel 'Gödel's ontological proof' in: J. J. Thomson cit.
  • History of the Ontological Argument for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.formalontology.it [Source type: Original source]

^ Again, though Ontologism -- like that of Malebranche (d.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Again, though Ontologism — like that of Malebranche (d.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.1715) -- is older than Kant, its revival in the nineteenth century (by Gioberti, Rosmini, and others) has been inspired to some extent by Kantian influences.^ Kant , its revival in the nineteenth century (by Gioberti , Rosmini , and others) has been inspired to some extent by Kantian influences.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Kant, its revival in the nineteenth century (by Gioberti, Rosmini, and others) has been inspired to some extent by Kantian influences.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lewis—a converted atheist—is considered one of the top Christian thinkers of the 20th century and this book has probably influenced more people than any other.
  • Is there rational evidence for the existence of God? - Faith Facts 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.faithfacts.org [Source type: Original source]

.This system maintains that we have naturally some immediate consciousness, however dim at first, or some intuitive knowledge of God -- not indeed that we see Him in His essence face to face but that we know Him in His relation to creatures by the same act of cognition -- according to Rosmini, as we become conscious of being in general -- and therefore that the truth of His existence is as much a datum of philosophy as is the abstract idea of being.^ How was I able to know beings that have by nature no relation with my thinking being?
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ C. The argument for the existence of God from the fact that I have an idea of Him.
  • An Outline of Descartes's Meditations on First Philosophy 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.anselm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ God’s existence is the precondition to knowledge itself.
  • God as the Source of Knowledge | Reasons To Believe 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reasons.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Finally, the philosophy of Modernism -- about which there has recently been such a stir -- is a somewhat complex medley of these various systems and tendencies; its main features as a system are:
  • negatively, a thoroughgoing intellectual Agnosticism, and
  • positively, the assertion of an immediate sense or experience of God as immanent in the life of the soul -- an experience which is at first only subconscious, but which, when the requsite moral dispositions are present, becomes an object of conscious certainty.
Now all these varying types of Theism, in so far as they are opposed to the classical and traditional type, may be reduced to one or other of the two following propositions:
.
  • that we have naturally an immediate consciousness or intuition of God's existence and may therefore dispense with any attempt to prove this truth inferentially;
  • that, though we do not know this truth intuitively and cannot prove it inferentially in such a way as to satisfy the speculative reason, we can, nevertheless, and must conscientiously believe it on other than strictly intellectual grounds.^ The second is that I cannot conceive of more than one such God.
    • Descartes - The Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC willisdomingo.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ How do we prove the existence of God?
    • Nature of Death - The Foundation of Religion 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC ebtx.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I would like some good reasons to believe in Gods existence.

    .But an appeal to experience, not to mention other objections, is sufficient to negative the first proposition -- and the second, which, as history has already made clear, is an illogical compromise with Agnosticism, is best refuted by a simple statement of the theistic Proofs.^ But an appeal to experience, not to mention other objections, is sufficient to negative the first proposition -- and the second, which, as history has already made clear, is an illogical compromise with Agnosticism, is best refuted by a simple statement of the theistic Proofs.
    • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But an appeal to experience, not to mention other objections, is sufficient to negative the first proposition — and the second, which, as history has already made clear, is an illogical compromise with Agnosticism , is best refuted by a simple statement of the theistic Proofs.
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The simple statement of Genesis 1:1 refutes: .
    • MCC Hawaii What the Bible Teaches - Lesson 2, Part 1: God: The Existence of God and the Nature of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mcchawaii.org [Source type: Original source]

    .It is not the proofs that are found to be fallacious but the criticism which rejects them.^ It is not the proofs that are found to be fallacious but the criticism which rejects them.
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
    • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thus even where the Proof was taken at its weakest, still six found it convincing and but two rejected it; and where it was taken at its strongest, four out of five accepted and none rejected i t.
    • History of the Ontological Argument for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.formalontology.it [Source type: Original source]

    .It is true of course -- and no Theist denies it -- that for the proper intellectual appreciation of theistic proofs moral dispositions are required, and that moral consciousness, the aesthetic faculty, and whatever other powers or capacities belong to man's spiritual nature, constitute or supply so many data on which to base inferential proofs.^ It is true of course — and no Theist denies it — that for the proper intellectual appreciation of theistic proofs moral dispositions are required, and that moral consciousness, the æsthetic faculty, and whatever other powers or capacities belong to man's spiritual nature, constitute or supply so many data on which to base inferential proofs .
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Man is both physical and spiritual in nature.
    • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It does not satisfy man's moral conscience.

    .But this is very different from holding that we possess any faculty or power which assures us of God's existence and which is independent of, and superior to, the intellectual laws that regulate our assent to truth in general -- that in the religious sphere we can transcend those laws without confessing our belief in God to be irrational.^ Belief in God unaccompanied by evidence is irrational.
    • bethinking.org - Who are you God? - The Resurrection of Theism 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bethinking.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One without a belief in god is an atheist.
    • 4-1 odds on the existence of God - Boing Boing 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.boingboing.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His existence is not the existence of a religious God but the Pythagorean God .
    • Does God exist? Proof of the existence and nature of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.artmusicdance.com [Source type: Original source]

    .It is also true that a mere barren intellectual assent to the truth of God's existence -- and such an assent is conceivable -- falls very far short of what religious assent ought to be; that what is taught in revealed religion about the worthlessness of faith uninformed by charity has its counterpart in natural religion; and that practical Theism, if it pretends to be adequate, must appeal not merely to the intellect but to the heart and conscience of mankind and be capable of winning the total allegiance of rational creatures.^ These proofs reveal many truths about the divine God.

    ^ What distinguishes God from creatures is his grade of existence.
    • Descartes' Ontological Argument (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It frequently reveals something of God's nature or highlights something about the person's nature.
    • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

    .But here again we meet with exaggeration and confusion on the part of those Theists who would substitute for intellectual assent something that does not exclude but presupposes it and is only required to complement it.^ But here again we meet with exaggeration and confusion on the part of those Theists who would substitute for intellectual assent something that does not exclude but presupposes it and is only required to complement it.
    • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
    • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ On the other hand, those who were not attracted to such a theory would be told that all such ideas about God and his power were mental creations, which only obscured the real experience of God, which is inherent in everyone.

    ^ To those who continue to deny God's existence and doubt His Word, the Bible contains these verses: "The man who thinks he knows something does not yet know as he ought to know."
    • Does God Exist? 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC txtmania.com [Source type: Original source]

    The truth and pertinency of these observations will be made clear by the following summary of the classical arguments for God's existence.

THEISTIC PROOFS

.The arguments for God's existence are variously classified and entitled by different writers, but all agree in recognizing the distinction between a priori, or deductive, and a posteriori, or inductive reasoning in this connection.^ This means that the distinction between a substance and its existence is confined to thought or reason.
  • Descartes' Ontological Argument (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Arguments for the existence of god .
  • Philosophy of religion - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC reid.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Is there an argument for the existence of God?
  • Does God exist? Is there evidence for the existence of God? 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.gotquestions.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Is there an argument for the existence of God? 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.gotquestions.org [Source type: Original source]

.And while all admit the validity and sufficiency of the latter method, opinion is divided in regard to the former.^ And while all admit the validity and sufficiency of the latter method, opinion is divided in regard to the former.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It says that in latter days, you have all these kinds of things coming up, trying to disrupt the validity of Christianity," Johnson said.
  • Atheist Billboards To Debut During Holidays - Denver News Story - KMGH Denver 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thedenverchannel.com [Source type: News]

^ As the former regards Him as the Creator (Col 1:15, 16) and the Sustainer (Col 1:17) of the natural world; so the latter, as the source and stay of the new moral creation.
  • Colossians 1:15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bible.cc [Source type: Original source]

.Some maintain that a valid a priori proof (usually called the ontological) is available; others deny this completely; while some others maintain an attitude of compromise or neutrality.^ Some maintain that a valid a priori proof (usually called the ontological) is available; others deny this completely; while some others maintain an attitude of compromise or neutrality.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Does your proof of the existence of God give you some unique perspective regarding the will of God such that you feel compelled to tell others what they can and cannot do?

^ The proof of the first cause is usually used in pointing out that there must be some unmoved mover at the source of all change in this universe.
  • SparkNotes: Meditations on First Philosophy: Third Meditation, part 3: the existence of God and the Cartesian Circle 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.sparknotes.com [Source type: Original source]

.This difference, it should be observed, applies only to the question of proving God's actual existence; for, His self-existence being admitted, it is necessary to employ a priori or deductive inference in order to arrive at a knowledge of His nature and attributes, and as it is impossible to develop the arguments for His existence without some working notion of His nature, it is necessary to some extent to anticipate the deductive stage and combine the a priori with the a posteriori method.^ It is philosophically impossible to prove or disprove the existence of God.
  • Comments on - It is impossible to falsify the existence of an invisible God. Comments by Scotty, Mark, Bernard, : Minekey Opinions 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC minekey.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Question with boldness even the existence of a God; .
  • Question with boldness even the existence of a God; : Greg Laden's Blog 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ As written, the argument neither disproves the existence of evil, nor proves the existence of God.
  • Einstein Proves God Exists - Urban Legends 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC urbanlegends.about.com [Source type: General]

.But no strictly a priori conclusion need be more than hypothetically assumed at this stage.^ The conclusion can be no broader than the premises.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ But no strictly a priori conclusion need be more than hypothetically assumed at this stage.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is no more than a personal opinion.
  • Meaning of God's Unity 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.islamanswers.net [Source type: Original source]

A Posteriori Argument

St. Thomas (Summa Theologica I:2:3; Cont. Gent., I, xiii) and after him many scholastic writers advance the five following arguments to prove the existence of God:
  • Motion, i. e. the passing from power to act, as it takes place in the universe implies a first unmoved Mover (primum movens immobile), who is God; else we should postulate an infinite series of movers, which is inconceivable.
  • For the same reason efficient causes, as we see them operating in this world, imply the existence of a First Cause that is uncaused, i.e. that possesses in itself the sufficient reason for its existence; and this is God.
  • The fact that contingent beings exist, i.e. beings whose non-existence is recognized as possible, implies the existence of a necessary being, who is God.
  • The graduated perfections of being actually existing in the universe can be understood only by comparison with an absolute standard that is also actual, i.e., an infinitely perfect Being such as God.
  • The wonderful order or evidence of intelligent design which the universe exhibits implies the existence of a supramundane Designer, who is no other than God Himself.
To these many Theists add other arguments:
  • the common consent of mankind (usually described by Catholic writers as the moral argument),
  • from the internal witness of conscience to the supremacy of the moral law, and, therefore, to the existence of a supreme Lawgiver (this may be called the ethical argument, or
  • from the existence and perception of beauty in the universe (the aesthetical argument).
.One might go on, indeed, almost indefinitely multiplying and distinguishing arguments; but to do so would only lead to confusion.^ One might go on, indeed, almost indefinitely multiplying and distinguishing arguments; but to do so would only lead to confusion.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is indeed one way to go.
  • Julian Baggini: Hume's targets are those who argue rationally for the existence of God or the reality of miracles | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Similarly, cinematographic films would not present a continuous picture to us were it not that the eye fails to distinguish the innumerable separate frames from each other, but sees them as one continuous picture in movement.
  • Acceptance of Unseen Existence Involves Other Realities Besides God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.al-islam.org [Source type: Original source]

.The various arguments mentioned -- and the same is true of others that might be added -- are not in reality distinct and independent arguments, but only so many partial statements of one and the same general argument, which is perhaps best described as the cosmological.^ Atheism is the simple statement that reality is ones only master.
  • The Incontrovertible Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.adequacy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Him, it means the only one generated.
  • A Mormon's pre-existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.letusreason.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So perhaps his argument might convince - a fool.
  • Why the Ontological Proof of God's Existence is Bullshit 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.phy.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This argument assumes the validity of the principle of causality or sufficient reason and, stated in its most comprehensive form, amounts to this: that it is impossible according to the laws of human thought to give any ultimate rational explanation of the phenomena of external experience and of internal consciousness -- in other words to synthesize the data which the actual universe as a whole supplies (and this is the recognized aim of philosophy) -- unless by admitting the existence of a self-sufficient and self-explanatory cause or ground of being and activity, to which all these phenomena may be ultimately referred.^ In other words, the universe began to exist.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One word does not cause the other.
  • There is a website that successfully argues for the existence of God.Here is the URL.Therefore, God exists. | MetaFilter 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The fascination with pi may be a universal phenomena.
  • Does God exist? Proof of the existence and nature of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.artmusicdance.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is, therefore, mainly a question of method and expediency what particular points one may select from the multitude available to illustrate and enforce the general a posteriori argument.^ It is, therefore, mainly a question of method and expediency what particular points one may select from the multitude available to illustrate and enforce the general a posteriori argument.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After developing his argument, Pollock does not address any substantial objection, except briefly addressing the point that some theists may not equal necessity with logical necessity, but some other form of necessity.
  • Ontological Argument for the Non-Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.strongatheism.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Among them may be mentioned, in particular, the Aesthetic Argument, based on the perception of beauty in the universe, the Ethical Argument, based on the voice of conscience, and the Moral Argument or the Argument from the universal belief of mankind.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

For our purpose it will suffice to state as briefly as possible
  • the general argument proving the self-existence of a First Cause,
  • the special arguments proving the existence of an intelligent Designer and
  • of a Supreme Moral Ruler, and
  • the confirmatory argument from the general Consent of mankind.
The general causality argument
.We must start by assuming the objective certainty and validity of the principle of causality or sufficient reason -- an assumption upon which the value of the physical sciences and of human knowledge generally is based.^ A validation of human knowledge.
  • Truth, Justice, and the American Way » Blog Archive » The Case Against God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.rationalmind.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The general causality argument We must start by assuming the objective certainty and validity of the principle of causality or sufficient reason — an assumption upon which the value of the physical sciences and of human knowledge generally is based.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This sufficient reason must be the activity of God.

.To question its objective certainty, as did Kant, and represent it as a mere mental a priori, or possessing only subjective validity, would open the door to subjectivism and universal scepticism.^ To question its objective certainty, as did Kant, and represent it as a mere mental a priori, or possessing only subjective validity, would open the door to subjectivism and universal scepticism.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To question its objective certainty , as did Kant , and represent it as a mere mental a priori, or possessing only subjective validity, would open the door to subjectivism and universal scepticism.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The question is where is the limit between subjective and objective?
  • What would it take to prove the existence of a God? - Science Forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC hypography.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is impossible to prove the principle of causality, just as it is impossible to prove the principle of contradiction; but it is not difficult to see that if the former is denied the latter may also be denied and the whole process of human reasoning declared fallacious.^ It is impossible to prove the principle of causality , just as it is impossible to prove the principle of contradiction; but it is not difficult to see that if the former is denied the latter may also be denied and the whole process of human reasoning declared fallacious.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus to deny the principle of sufficient reason would be to implicitly deny the principle of contradiction.
  • God's Existence and Nature by Seth Brotherton 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bringyou.to [Source type: Original source]

^ The former is just a negative statement of the latter.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

.The principle states that whatever exists or happens must have a sufficient reason for its existence or occurrence either in itself or in something else ; in other words that whatever does not exist of absolute necessity - whatever is not self-existent -- cannot exist without a proportionate cause external to itself; and if this principle is valid when employed by the scientist to explain the phenomena of physics it must be equally valid when employed by the philosopher for the ultimate explanation of the universe as a whole.^ In other words, the universe began to exist.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If something is identical with its own existence then it necessarily exist, and it is its own sufficient reason.
  • God's Existence and Nature by Seth Brotherton 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bringyou.to [Source type: Original source]

^ What has no potential for non-existence must exist in and of itself (=self-existent or aseity) .
  • Aseity- Self Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mercydrops.com [Source type: Original source]

In the universe we observe that certain things are effects, i.e. they depend for their existence on other things, and these again on others; but, however far back we may extend this series of effects and dependent causes, we must, if human reason is to be satisfied, come ultimately to a cause that is not itself an effect, in other words to an uncaused cause or self-existent being which is the ground and cause of all being. And this conclusion, as thus stated, is virtually admitted by agnostics and Pantheists, all of whom are obliged to speak of an eternal something underlying the phenomenal universe, whether this something be the "Unknown", or the "Absolute", or the "Unconscious", or "Matter" itself, or the "Ego", or the "Idea" of being, or the "Will"; these are so many substitutes for the uncaused cause or self-existent being of Theism. .What anti-Theists refuse to admit is not the existence of a First Cause in an indeterminate sense, but the existence of an intelligent and free First Cause, a personal God, distinct from the material universe and the human mind.^ The cosmological, or “first cause” argument, is a metaphysical argument for the existence of God.

^ "God is the Supreme Intelligence--First Cause of all things."
  • The Spirits' Book by Allan kardec - Book I 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.spiritwritings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The existence of the universe is sufficient proof of the existence of God.
  • The Nature of God / Torah 101 / Mechon Mamre 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mechon-mamre.org [Source type: Original source]

.But the very same reason that compels us to postulate a First Cause at all requires that this cause should be a free and intelligent being.^ "God is the Supreme Intelligence--First Cause of all things."
  • The Spirits' Book by Allan kardec - Book I 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.spiritwritings.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All things require causes.
  • Why Descartes Proof of God's Existence is Bullshit 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.phy.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • Why Descartes Proof of God's Existence is Bullshit 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.phy.duke.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ That First Being is the cause of all the modifications of His creatures.
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

The spiritual world of intellect and free will must be recognized by the sane philosopher to be as real as the world of matter; man knows that he has a spiritual nature and performs spiritual acts as clearly and as certainly as he knows that he has eyes to see with and ears to hear with; and the phenomena of man's spiritual nature can only be explained in one way -- by attributing spirituality, i.e. intelligence and free will, to the First Cause, in other words by recognizing a personal God. For the cause in all cases must be proportionate to the effect, i.e. must contain somehow in itself every perfection of being that is realized in the effect.
.The cogency of this argument becomes more apparent if account be taken of the fact that the human species had its origin at a comparatively late period in the history of the actual universe.^ The cogency of this argument becomes more apparent if account be taken of the fact that the human species had its origin at a comparatively late period in the history of the actual universe .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, the above argument is presented for the origin of the universe not for species.
  • Arugment for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.uark.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The cogency of this argument becomes more apparent if account be taken of the fact that the human species had its origin at a comparatively late period in the history of the actual universe.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.There was a time when neither man nor any other living thing inhabited this globe of ours; and without pressing the point regarding the origin of life itself from inanimate matter or the evolution of man's body from lower organic types, it may be maintained with absolute confidence that no explanation of the origin of man's soul can be made out on evolutionary lines, and that recourse must be had to the creative power of a spiritual or personal First Cause.^ There is no pre-existence of man.

^ Therefore, there must be a first cause.

^ Therefore, there must be a first cause; or, there must be something which is not an effect.
  • What is the cosmological argument for the existence of god? - Yahoo! Answers 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.It might also be urged, as an inference from the physical theories commonly accepted by present-day scientists, that the actual organization of the material universe had a definite beginning in time.^ Therefore the physical universe had to have a beginning.
  • THE PROOF that God exists and the Bible is true, conclusive scientific proof of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC conclusiveproofofgod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God is outside the universe and by definition, outside time.
  • the Adjunct: Bruce Pennington / Existence Of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC grault.net [Source type: Original source]

^ For the umpteenth time, yes, the universe had a beginning.

.If it be true that the goal towards which physical evolution is tending is the uniform distribution of heat and other forms of energy, it would follow clearly that the existing process has not been going on from eternity; else the goal would have been reached long ago.^ If it be true that the goal towards which physical evolution is tending is the uniform distribution of heat and other forms of energy, it would follow clearly that the existing process has not been going on from eternity ; else the goal would have been reached long ago.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If it be true that the goal towards which physical evolution is tending is the uniform distribution of heat and other forms of energy, it would follow clearly that the existing process has not been going on from eternity; else the goal would have been reached long ago.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But they existed long ago.

.And if the process had a beginning, how did it originate?^ When and how did the universe begin?
  • Truths.ca - Evidence Of God, God Is Not Real, Does God Exist? 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC truths.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If from matter, how did matter originate?
  • Existence—the eternal now | Journal Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.christianscience.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And if the process had a beginning, how did it originate?
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.If the primal mass was inert and uniform, it is impossible to conceive how motion and differentiation were introduced except from without, while if these are held to be coeval with matter, the cosmic process, which is ex hypothesi is temporal, would be eternal, unless it be granted that matter itself had a definite beginning in time.^ Without a definite starting point in time, this is simply impossible.

^ The Cosmic process itself is eternal.
  • MCC Hawaii What the Bible Teaches - Lesson 2, Part 1: God: The Existence of God and the Nature of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mcchawaii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How can anything new suddenly begin for the first time in a process that itself had no beginning?
  • Digital Survivors • View topic - Deducing Alternatives to the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.digitalsurvivors.com [Source type: General]

.But the argument, strictly speaking, is conclusive even if it be granted that the world may have existed from eternity, in the sense, that is, that, no matter how far back one may go, no point of time can be reached at which created being was not already in existence.^ Therefore, God exists as the creator of the world.
  • God, Existence of: Debatabase - Debate Topics and Debate Motions 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.idebate.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such a being has no potential not to exist.
  • The Nature of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ovrlnd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There was a time, then, when there was no knowing being, and when knowledge began to be; or else there has been also a knowing being from eternity.
  • Of Our Knowledge Of The Existence Of A God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.meta-religion.com [Source type: Original source]

In this sense Aristotle held matter to be eternal and St. Thomas, while denying the fact, admitted the possibility of its being so. .But such relative eternity is nothing more in reality than infinite or indefinite temporal duration and is altogether different from the eternity we attribute to God.^ The second is that I cannot conceive of more than one such God.
  • Descartes - The Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC willisdomingo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is more reality in an infinite than in a finite substance.
  • Descartes' Proof for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC oregonstate.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Nothing is more false than this maxim.
  • The Existence Of a God and Morality : Superstition In All Ages 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.enotalone.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hence to admit that the world might possibly be eternal in this sense implies no denial of the essentially finite and contingent character of its existence.^ Hence, to deny an essential attribute of God is to deny His very existence, which is Atheism.
  • Recommended Books (God's Attributes) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC members.toast.net [Source type: Original source]

^ No one denied existence of God.

^ Hence to admit that the world might possibly be eternal in this sense implies no denial of the essentially finite and contingent character of its existence.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.On the contrary it helps to emphasize this truth, for the same relation of dependence upon a self-existing cause which is implied in the contingency of any single being is implied a fortiori in the existence of an infinite series of such beings, supposing such a series to be possible.^ The fact that contingent beings exist, i.e.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Everything that begins to exist has a cause for its existence.
  • Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Their existence implies the existence of other beings upon whom they depend for their existence.
  • The Resurrection of Thomism 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reformed.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nor can it be maintained with Pantheists that the world, whether of matter or of mind or of both, contains within itself the sufficient reason of its own existence.^ Nor can it be maintained with Pantheists that the world, whether of matter or of mind or of both, contains within itself the sufficient reason of its own existence.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If something is identical with its own existence then it necessarily exist, and it is its own sufficient reason.
  • God's Existence and Nature by Seth Brotherton 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bringyou.to [Source type: Original source]

^ The only way to avoid this infinite regress problem is to state — as Christian theology has always done — that God is the first cause and is entirely self existent, meaning the reason for God’s existence is contained within the very definition of God.
  • If God created the universe, what created God? | The BioLogos Foundation 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC biologos.org [Source type: Original source]

.A self-existing world would exist of absolute necessity and would be infinite in every kind of perfection; but of nothing are we more certain than that the world as we know it, in its totality as well as in its parts, realizes only finite degrees of perfection.^ A self-existing world would exist of absolute necessity and would be infinite in every kind of perfection; but of nothing are we more certain than that the world as we know it, in its totality as well as in its parts, realizes only finite degrees of perfection.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the parts did not exist then the composite would not exist.
  • God's Existence and Nature by Seth Brotherton 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bringyou.to [Source type: Original source]

^ But a thing which exists is more perfect than a thing which doesn’t exist.
  • God, Existence of: Debatabase - Debate Topics and Debate Motions 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.idebate.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is a mere contradiction in terms, however much one may try to cover up and conceal the contradiction by an ambiguous and confusing use of language, to predicate infinity of matter or of the human mind, and one or the other or both must be held by the Pantheist to be infinite.^ Scott: In terms of the human mind..
  • The Existence of God: Why Do bad Things Happen? The Asian Tsunami and Other Questions 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.s8int.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is a mere contradiction in terms, however much one may try to cover up and conceal the contradiction by an ambiguous and confusing use of language, to predicate infinity of matter or of the human mind , and one or the other or both must be held by the Pantheist to be infinite .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is a mere contradiction in terms, however much one may try to cover up and conceal the contradiction by an ambiguous and confusing use of language, to predicate infinity of matter or of the human mind, and one or the other or both must be held by the Pantheist to be infinite.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.In other words the distinction between the finite and the infinite must be abolished and the principle of contradiction denied.^ In other words the distinction between the finite and the infinite must be abolished and the principle of contradiction denied.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In other words, non-contradiction.
  • Truth, Justice, and the American Way » Blog Archive » Three Proofs Against the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.rationalmind.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, it must be distinct from any other entity.
  • A Proof of the Existence of God (This Rock: May-June 2006) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.This criticism applies to every variety of Pantheism strictly so called, while crude, materialistic Pantheism involves so many additional and more obvious absurdities that hardly any philosopher deserving of the name will be found to maintain it in our day.^ This criticism applies to every variety of Pantheism strictly so called, while crude, materialistic Pantheism involves so many additional and more obvious absurdities that hardly any philosopher deserving of the name will be found to maintain it in our day.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The atheistic philosopher Karl Marx, an evolutionist and a contemporary of Charles Darwin, once called religion the “opium of the people.” In our day, however, Darwin’s theories and their successors have become the “opium of the people”—dulling the mindset of the educated and uneducated alike.
  • Evolution: Improbable or Impossible?, Is God's Existence Logical 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It charts the resurgence in our day of Philosophy of Religions and interacts briefly with the thought of such important theistic philosophers as Plantinga, Swinburne, and Leslie.
  • Reasonable Faith: Scholarly Articles - Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reasonablefaith.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the other hand, as regards idealistic Pantheism, which enjoys a considerable vogue in our day, it is to be observed in the first place that in many cases this is a tendency rather than a formal doctrine, that it is in fact nothing more than a confused and perverted form of Theism, based especially upon an exaggerated and one-sided view of Divine immanence (see below, iii).^ Fails to see that atheist has more than one copy of proof.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Can we have more than one “another half”?
  • Doubting God’s existence « Paulo Coelho’s Blog 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC paulocoelhoblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the other hand, as regards idealistic Pantheism, which enjoys a considerable vogue in our day, it is to be observed in the first place that in many cases this is a tendency rather than a formal doctrine, that it is in fact nothing more than a confused and perverted form of Theism, based especially upon an exaggerated and one-sided view of Divine immanence (see below, iii).
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.And this confusion works to the advantage of Pantheism by enabling it to make a specious appeal to the very arguments which justify Theism.^ Perhaps that is what makes cosmological arguments so appealing.
  • Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

^ And this confusion works to the advantage of Pantheism by enabling it to make a specious appeal to the very arguments which justify Theism.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Moment Magazine "36 Arguments for the Existence of God is an intriguingly structured work, tricky but also very traditional; a book that tries to make a serious argument but also tells a captivating story…This is a charming story, deftly told, crackling with intelligence.
  • 36 Arguments for the Existence of God: A Work of Fiction | Kepler's Books 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.keplers.com [Source type: General]
  • 36 Arguments for the Existence of God: A Work of Fiction | Kepler's Books 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.keplers.com [Source type: General]

.Indeed the whole strength of the pantheistic position as against Atheism lies in what it holds in common with Theism; while, on the other hand, its weakness as a world theory becomes evident as soon as it diverges from or contradicts Theism.^ Indeed the whole strength of the pantheistic position as against Atheism lies in what it holds in common with Theism; while, on the other hand, its weakness as a world theory becomes evident as soon as it diverges from or contradicts Theism.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The only real ground of blame against Kant is, that in laying down this position he supposed it to be something remarkable, whereas it is self-evident.
  • Essence of Christianity 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.marxists.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That may be the case with the new PBS show "The Question of God" which presents the debate with two of the worst representatives of their respective positions: Freud for atheism and C.S. Lewis for theism.
  • Does God Exist? Examining the Question of God's Existence & Nature, Theism, And Faith 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC atheism.about.com [Source type: Original source]

.Whereas Theism, for example, safeguards such primary truths as the reality of human personality, freedom, and moral responsibility, Pantheism is obliged to sacrifice all these, to deny the existence of evil, whether physical or moral, to destroy the rational basis of religion, and, under pretence of making man his own God, to rob him of nearly all his plain, common sense convictions and of all his highest incentives to good conduct.^ In any case, whether of value or not, these are MY personal "Arguments for the Existence of God"!
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A more benign personality does not make God's existence any more probable, does it?
  • Proof of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bandoli.no [Source type: Original source]

^ For centuries, many have tried to dismiss the existence of God on the basis of the existence of evil.
  • Assessing the Problem of Evil and the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

.The philosophy which leads to such results cannot but be radically unsound.^ The philosophy which leads to such results cannot but be radically unsound.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the cogito , awareness of myself, of thinking, and of existence are somehow combined in such a way as to result in an intuitive grasp of a truth that cannot be doubted.

The argument from design
.The special argument based on the existence of order or design in the universe (also called the teleological argument) proves immediately the existence of a supramundane mind of vast intelligence, and ultimately the existence of God.^ Arguments for the existence of god .
  • Philosophy of religion - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC reid.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The teleological, or the argument from design.
  • God Definition | Definition of God at Dictionary.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Arguments for the existence of God based on morality .
  • Arguments for the existence of God (Part 3): Morality and Religion | That Religious Studies Website 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thatreligiousstudieswebsite.com [Source type: Original source]

.This argument is capable of being developed at great length, but it must be stated here very briefly.^ This argument is capable of being developed at great length, but it must be stated here very briefly.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The argument presupposes that nature must be, in principle, capable of satisfying the intellect in the way in which it can be satisfied in pure mathematics.
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is the amalgamation of these inquiries that then leads us to ask---what does this mean, what does this say about the state of reality, about our state of being in Being (to briefly utilize Heidegger).
  • New Statesman - Descartes and God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newstatesman.com [Source type: Original source]

.It has always been a favourite argument both with philosophers and with popular apologists of Theism; and though, during the earlier excesses of enthusiasm for or against Darwinianism, it was often asserted or admitted that the evolutionary hypothesis had overthrown the teleological argument, it is now recognized that the very opposite is true, and that the evidences of design which the universe exhibits are not less but more impressive when viewed from the evolutionary standpoint.^ The teleological, or the argument from design.
  • God Definition | Definition of God at Dictionary.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This Fifth way is more commonly known as the teleological or design argument.
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has always been a favourite argument both with philosophers and with popular apologists of Theism; and though, during the earlier excesses of enthusiasm for or against Darwinianism, it was often asserted or admitted that the evolutionary hypothesis had overthrown the teleological argument, it is now recognized that the very opposite is true, and that the evidences of design which the universe exhibits are not less but more impressive when viewed from the evolutionary standpoint.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.To begin with particular examples of adaptation which may be appealed to in countless number -- the eye, for instance, as an organ of sight is a conspicuous embodiment of intelligent purpose -- and not less but more so when viewed as the product of an evolutionary process rather than the immediate handiwork of the Creator.^ It was created by intelligent design for a purpose.
  • From the Front Lines: The Moral Argument for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.arcapologetics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To begin with particular examples of adaptation which may be appealed to in countless number -- the eye, for instance, as an organ of sight is a conspicuous embodiment of intelligent purpose -- and not less but more so when viewed as the product of an evolutionary process rather than the immediate handiwork of the Creator.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To begin with particular examples of adaptation which may be appealed to in countless number — the eye, for instance, as an organ of sight is a conspicuous embodiment of intelligent purpose — and not less but more so when viewed as the product of an evolutionary process rather than the immediate handiwork of the Creator.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.There is no option in such cases between the hypothesis of a directing intelligence and that of blind chance, and the absurdity of supposing that the eye originated suddenly by a single blind chance is augmented a thousand-fold by suggesting that it may be the product of a progressive series of such chances.^ But suppose that such a series could exist.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no middle ground between chance and order.
  • God's Existence and Nature by Seth Brotherton 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bringyou.to [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no option in such cases between the hypothesis of a directing intelligence and that of blind chance, and the absurdity of supposing that the eye originated suddenly by a single blind chance is augmented a thousand-fold by suggesting that it may be the product of a progressive series of such chances.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

."Natural selection", "survival of the fittest", and similar terms merely describe certain phases in the supposed process of evolution without helping the least to explain it; and as opposed to teleology they mean nothing more than blind chance.^ More than naturalism 10.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But nothing can be more perfect than God.
  • God, Existence of: Debatabase - Debate Topics and Debate Motions 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.idebate.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM MEANING (1) Nothing has meaning without God.
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

.The eye is only one of the countless examples of adaptation to particular ends discernible in every part of the universe, inorganic as well as organic; for the atom as well as the cell contributes to the evidence available.^ The eye is only one of the countless examples of adaptation to particular ends discernible in every part of the universe , inorganic as well as organic; for the atom as well as the cell contributes to the evidence available.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The eye is only one of the countless examples of adaptation to particular ends discernible in every part of the universe, inorganic as well as organic; for the atom as well as the cell contributes to the evidence available.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To begin with particular examples of adaptation which may be appealed to in countless number -- the eye, for instance, as an organ of sight is a conspicuous embodiment of intelligent purpose -- and not less but more so when viewed as the product of an evolutionary process rather than the immediate handiwork of the Creator.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nor is the argument weakened by our inability in many cases to explain the particular purpose of certain structures or organisms.^ Nor is the argument weakened by our inability in many cases to explain the particular purpose of certain structures or organisms.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This argument has had many illustrious defenders and equally illustrious attackers from Anselm's time to ours; the twentieth century has seen the development of a new (modal) version of the argument.

^ We ought to act in many cases altogether independently of results, and look at our actions in themselves."
  • The Existence of God3 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Our knowledge of nature is too limited to be made the measure of nature's entire design, while as against our ignorance of some particular purposes we are entitled to maintain the presumption that if intelligence is anywhere apparent it is dominant everywhere.^ Its apparent design is evidence of an intelligent Architect.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ It was made for our benefit not to limit our potential.

^ Our knowledge of nature is too limited to be made the measure of nature's entire design, while as against our ignorance of some particular purposes we are entitled to maintain the presumption that if intelligence is anywhere apparent it is dominant everywhere.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Moreover, in our search for particular instances of design we must not overlook the evidence supplied by the harmonious unity of nature as a whole.^ Moreover, in our search for particular instances of design we must not overlook the evidence supplied by the harmonious unity of nature as a whole.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally, by way of direct reply to the problem suggested by the objection, it is to be observed that, to appreciate fully the evidence for design, we must, in addition to particular instances of adaptation and to the cosmic unity observable in the world of today, consider the historical continuity of nature throughout indefinite ages in the past and indefinite ages to come.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The chances of all these constants being so finely in balance across the whole of the universe must be evidence of purpose in the universe.
  • Evan Cockshaw : Arguing for the Existence of God in the Age of Quantum Indeterminacy - Quodlibet Journal 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.quodlibet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The universe as we know it is a cosmos, a vastly complex system of correlated and interdependent parts, each subject to particular laws, and all together subject to a common law or a combination of laws, as the result of which the pursuit of particular ends is made to contribute in a marvellous way to the attainment of a common purpose; and it is simply inconceivable that this cosmic unity should be the product of chance or accident.^ The universe as we know it is a cosmos, a vastly complex system of correlated and interdependent parts, each subject to particular laws and all together subject to a common law or a combination of laws as the result of which the pursuit of particular ends is made to contribute in a marvellous way to the attainment of a common purpose; and it is simply inconceivable that this cosmic unity should be the product of chance or accident.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don’t know if the universe is all that exists.

^ We know the way things in the universe have behaved and are behaving.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

.If it be objected that there is another side to the picture, that the universe abounds in imperfections -- maladjustments, failures, seemingly purposeless waste -- the reply is not far to seek.^ If it be objected that there is another side to the picture, that the universe abounds in imperfections -- maladjustments, failures, seemingly purposeless waste -- the reply is not far to seek.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If it be objected that there is another side to the picture, that the universe abounds in imperfections — maladjustments, failures, seemingly purposeless waste — the reply is not far to seek.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For all the changes in the identity of objects, there is an underlying reality , the substratum of change, which carries over from one thing to another.
  • God after Kant 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.For it is not maintained that the existing world is the best possible, and it is only on the supposition of its being so that the imperfections referred to would be excluded.^ For if He exists in any possible world, then by definition He exists in all.
  • bethinking.org - Who are you God? - The Resurrection of Theism 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bethinking.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If God did not exist, God would be imperfect.
  • How to Disprove the Existence of “God” « State of Protest 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.stateofprotest.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For it is not maintained that the existing world is the best possible, and it is only on the supposition of its being so that the imperfections referred to would be excluded.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Admitting without exaggerating their reality -- admitting, that is, the existence of physical evil -- there still remains a large balance on the side of order and harmony, and to account for this there is required not only an intelligent mind but one that is good and benevolent, though so far as this special argument goes this mind might conceivably be finite.^ How can there be design without the previsioning of an intelligent mind?
  • bethinking.org - Who are you God? - The Resurrection of Theism 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bethinking.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The cosmological argument is good, too, though, and might be particularly poignant today.
  • There is a website that successfully argues for the existence of God.Here is the URL.Therefore, God exists. | MetaFilter 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are still other arguments for the existence of God.
  • Is there rational evidence for the existence of God? - Faith Facts 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.faithfacts.org [Source type: Original source]

.To prove the infinity of the world's Designer it is necessary to fall back on the general argument already explained and on the deductive argument to be explained below by which infinity is inferred from self-existence.^ Self-existence is necessary existence.
  • Skeleton of Theology: Lecture 9 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.gospeltruth.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The order and design of the world suggest the existence of a designer.
  • ALM 135 "The Existence of God" 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.maninthemirror.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To prove the infinity of the world's Designer it is necessary to fall back on the general argument already explained and on the deductive argument to be explained below by which infinity is inferred from self-existence.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.Finally, by way of direct reply to the problem suggested by the objection, it is to be observed that, to appreciate fully the evidence for design, we must, in addition to particular instances of adaptation and to the cosmic unity observable in the world of today, consider the historical continuity of nature throughout indefinite ages in the past and indefinite ages to come.^ Reason and extrinsic evidence must also be considered.

^ This leads us to the final objection to the inferential problem of evil we have to consider.
  • Assessing the Problem of Evil and the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally, by way of direct reply to the problem suggested by the objection, it is to be observed that, to appreciate fully the evidence for design, we must, in addition to particular instances of adaptation and to the cosmic unity observable in the world of today, consider the historical continuity of nature throughout indefinite ages in the past and indefinite ages to come.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.We do not and cannot comprehend the full scope of nature's design, for it is not a static universe we have to study but a universe that is progressively unfolding itself and moving towards the fulfilment of an ultimate purpose under the guidance of a master mind.^ We do not and cannot comprehend the full scope of nature's design, for it is not a static universe we have to study but a universe that is progressively unfolding itself and moving towards the fulfilment of an ultimate purpose under the guidance of a master mind.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We can only assume nature and its properties as being capable of partial explanation, or even cognition; and, although we cannot fully account for them, we do but multiply impossibilities of thought by attempts to explain their ultimate nature, origin, and purpose.
  • The Existence Of God or Questions For Theists by Charles Watts 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC englishatheist.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In summary, we can see that human design consists in specification of conditions under which the laws of nature operate to produce a purposeful outcome.
  • Is There Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God? How the Recent Discoveries Support a Designed Universe 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.leaderu.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.And towards that purpose the imperfect as well as the perfect -- apparent evil and discord as well as obvious good order -- may contribute in ways which we can but dimly discern.^ And towards that purpose the imperfect as well as the perfect -- apparent evil and discord as well as obvious good order -- may contribute in ways which we can but dimly discern.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The presence of evil may actually contribute to the goodness of the whole of creation .
  • Assessing the Problem of Evil and the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

^ And towards that purpose the imperfect as well as the perfect — apparent evil and discord as well as obvious good order — may contribute in ways which we can but dimly discern.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.The well-balanced philosopher, who realizes his own limitations in the presence of nature's Designer, so far from claiming that every detail of that Designer's purpose should at present be plain to his inferior intelligence, will be content to await the final solution of enigmas which the hereafter promises to furnish.^ It was created by intelligent design for a purpose.
  • From the Front Lines: The Moral Argument for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.arcapologetics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That purpose can only be intelligent design.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The well-balanced philosopher, who realizes his own limitations in the presence of nature's Designer, so far from claiming that every detail of that Designer's purpose should at present be plain to his inferior intelligence, will be content to await the final solution of enigmas which the hereafter promises to furnish.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

The argument from conscience
.To Newman and others the argument from conscience, or the sense of moral responsibility, has seemed the most intimately persuasive of all the arguments for God's existence, while to it alone Kant allowed an absolute value.^ Arguments for the existence of god .
  • Philosophy of religion - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC reid.citizendium.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The moral argument seeks to show that objective moral values depend for their existence upon the existence of God.
  • From the Front Lines: The Moral Argument for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.arcapologetics.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are still other arguments for the existence of God.
  • Is there rational evidence for the existence of God? - Faith Facts 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.faithfacts.org [Source type: Original source]

.But this is not an independent argument, although, properly understood, it serves to emphasize a point in the general a posteriori proof which is calculated to appeal with particular force to many minds.^ But this is not an independent argument, although, properly understood, it serves to emphasize a point in the general a posteriori proof which is calculated to appeal with particular force to many minds.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But this is not an independent argument, although, properly understood, it serves to emphasize a point in the general a posteriori proof which is calculated to appeal with particular force to many minds .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although I make no pretence at giving full answers to such big questions, I do develop the analogy to tapestry arguments in science to argue that the validity of a particular world-view can only be properly assessed by taking it as a whole.
  • Free - Resources - Has physics disproved the existence of God? 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC free-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is not that conscience, as such, contains a direct revelation or intuition of God as the author of the moral law, but that, taking man's sense of moral responsibility as a phenomenon to be explained, no ultimate explanation can be given except by supposing the existence of a Superior and Lawgiver whom man is bound to obey.^ It is not that conscience , as such, contains a direct revelation or intuition of God as the author of the moral law, but that, taking man's sense of moral responsibility as a phenomenon to be explained, no ultimate explanation can be given except by supposing the existence of a Superior and Lawgiver whom man is bound to obey.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such an explanation is no explanation at all; it is a contradiction.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And so God can hardly be invoked as an explanation for morality and the moral sense.
  • C. S. Lewis: The Moral Argument for God's Existence. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC brindedcow.umd.edu [Source type: Original source]

.And just as the argument from design brings out prominently the attribute of intelligence, so the argument from science brings out the attribute of holiness in the First Cause and self-existent Personal Being with whom we must ultimately identify the Designer and the Lawgiver.^ Therefore, there must be a first cause.

^ This self-existent being is God.
  • The Resurrection of Thomism 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reformed.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Intelligent Design dressed in science .
  • THE EXISTENCE OF GOD--PROF BEARDSLEY 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC skeptically.org [Source type: Original source]

The argument from universal consent
.The confirmatory argument based on the consent of mankind may be stated briefly as follows: mankind as a whole has at all times and everywhere believed and continues to believe in the existence of some superior being or beings on whom the material world and man himself are dependent, and this fact cannot be accounted for except by admitting that this belief is true or at least contains a germ of truth.^ May we infer from this that every statement that is true for all time must be a necessary truth?
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The argument from universal consent The confirmatory argument based on the consent of mankind may be stated briefly as follows: mankind as a whole has at all times and everywhere believed and continues to believe in the existence of some superior being or beings on whom the material world and man himself are dependent, and this fact cannot be accounted for except by admitting that this belief is true or at least contains a germ of truth.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The argument from universal consent The confirmatory argument based on the consent of mankind may be stated briefly as follows: mankind as a whole has at all times and everywhere believed and continues to believe in the existence of some superior being or beings on whom the material world and man himself are dependent, and this fact cannot be accounted for except by admitting that this belief is true or at least contains a germ of truth .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is admitted of course that Polytheism, Dualism, Pantheism, and other forms of error and superstition have mingled with and disfigured this universal belief of mankind, but this does not destroy the force of the argument we are considering.^ It is admitted of course that Polytheism, Dualism, Pantheism, and other forms of error and superstition have mingled with and disfigured this universal belief of mankind, but this does not destroy the force of the argument we are considering.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is admitted of course that Polytheism , Dualism , Pantheism , and other forms of error and superstition have mingled with and disfigured this universal belief of mankind , but this does not destroy the force of the argument we are considering.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is either decomposition, which is continually destroying the form of bodies of matter, or recomposition, which renews that matter in the same or another form, as the decomposition of animal or vegetable substances enter into the composition of other bodies.
  • The Existence Of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]
  • The Existence of God. Society of Theophilanthropists 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.holysmoke.org [Source type: Original source]

.For at least the germinal truth which consists in the recognition of some kind of deity is common to every form of religion and can therefore claim in its support the universal consent of mankind.^ For at least the germinal truth which consists in the recognition of some kind of deity is common to every form of religion and can therefore claim in its support the universal consent of mankind .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For at least the germinal truth which consists in the recognition of some kind of deity is common to every form of religion and can therefore claim in its support the universal consent of mankind.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most religions have it in some form or other.
  • Argument for the Existence of God | AskStudent 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.askstudent.com [Source type: Original source]

.And how can this consent be explained except as a result of the perception by the minds of men of the evidence for the existence of deity?^ And how can this consent be explained except as a result of the perception by the minds of men of the evidence for the existence of deity?
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ September 11, 2009, 11:15 am Verifying the existence of the Heavenly Father; Producing evidence of one all powerful deity; Identifying a one true religion?

^ That we cannot explain the existence of the universe, or of our conscious minds, defines our ignorance, but proves nothing about God.
  • Suffering, Evil and the Existence of God - Opinionator Blog - NYTimes.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC fish.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is too large a subject to be entered upon here -- the discussion of the various theories that have been advanced to account in some other way for the origin and universality of religion; but it may safely be said that, abstracting from revelation, which need not be discussed at this stage, no other theory will stand the test of criticism.^ It is too large a subject to be entered upon here -- the discussion of the various theories that have been advanced to account in some other way for the origin and universality of religion; but it may safely be said that, abstracting from revelation, which need not be discussed at this stage, no other theory will stand the test of criticism.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ States that the Universe is the way it is because there is no other choice.
  • is the existence of god real? [Archive] - weebls-stuff forums 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC forum.weebls-stuff.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It could be no other way.
  • The 3 main Absolutes of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.albatrus.org [Source type: Original source]

.And, assuming that this is the best explanation philosophy has to offer, it may further be maintained that this consent of mankind tells ultimately in favour of Theism.^ And, assuming that this is the best explanation philosophy has to offer, it may further be maintained that this consent of mankind tells ultimately in favour of Theism.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Valid" means that using the best available evidence and the best available reasoning and analysis, there may still be mutually incompatible explanations that fit the data equally well.
  • Why Science Cannot Address the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.uwgb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Smolin’s hypothesis has only weak support from physics, and may be less ‘simple’ than M. But it is no worse an ultimate explanation of fine-tuning than theism, absent reasons to think theism especially theoretically virtuous.
  • How convincing is the ‘fine-tuning’ argument for God’s existence? | PhilosoFiles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.philosofiles.com [Source type: Original source]

.For it is clear from history that religion is liable to degenerate, and has in many instances degenerated instead of progressing; and even if it be impossible to prove conclusively that Monotheism was the primitive historical religion, there is nevertheless a good deal of positive evidence adducible in support of this contention.^ There are and have been many religions and many gods.
  • The existence of God and Jesus is a proven fact – as is Jersey being a Christian island » Comment » This Is Jersey 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thisisjersey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And there is a good deal to be said for this.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is there good evidence for God’s existence?

.And if this be the true reading of history, it is permissible to interpret the universality of religion as witnessing implicitly to the original truth which, however much obscured it may have become, in many cases could never be entirely obliterated.^ And if this be the true reading of history, it is permissible to interpret the universality of religion as witnessing implicitly to the original truth which, however much obscured it may have become, in many cases could never be entirely obliterated.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Imagine for a moment the entire history of the universe.
  • Scientific Proof of the Existence of God : Amit Goswami, Ph.D. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.amitgoswami.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It's true that science is not yet able to prove how the universe originated (the Big Bang theory is pretty much being scrapped because too many findings contradict it), so I'm still open in that respect.
  • The Existence Of A God - Nano See, Nano Do 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC nanobox.chipx86.com [Source type: Original source]

.But even if the history of religion is to read as a record of progressive development one ought in all fairness, in accordance with a well-recognized principle, to seek its true meaning and significance not at the lowest but at the highest point of development; and it cannot be denied that Theism in the strict sense is the ultimate form which religion naturally tends to assume.^ If there were a “true” religion it would be apparent to all, and it would be the only one.
  • Suffering, Evil and the Existence of God - Opinionator Blog - NYTimes.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC fish.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One cannot deny ones own existence.
  • A Proof of the Existence of God (This Rock: May-June 2006) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But even if the history of religion is to read as a record of progressive development one ought in all fairness, in accordance with a well-recognized principle, to seek its true meaning and significance not at the lowest but at the highest point of development; and it cannot be denied that Theism in the strict sense is the ultimate form which religion naturally tends to assume.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.If there have been and are today atheistic philosophers who oppose the common belief of mankind, these are comparatively few and their dissent only serves to emhasize more strongly the consent of normal humanity.^ If there have been and are today atheistic philosophers who oppose the common belief of mankind , these are comparatively few and their dissent only serves to emphasize more strongly the consent of normal humanity.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If there have been and are today atheistic philosophers who oppose the common belief of mankind, these are comparatively few and their dissent only serves to emphasize more strongly the consent of normal humanity.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Like the Sufis, who believed that God could be apprehended directly, these Traditionalist sought the ground of their belief in God in a non-rational sphere: that of revelation or authority.
  • Classical Islamic Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.muslimphilosophy.com [Source type: Original source]

.Their existence is an abnormality to be accounted for as such things usually are.^ There is such a thing as existence.
  • A Proof of the Existence of God (This Rock: May-June 2006) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Their existence is an abnormality to be accounted for as such things usually are.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Besides its formal reality, which accounts for its mere existence as an idea, every idea also has objective reality according to the reality of the thing which it represents, or its object.
  • An Outline of Descartes's Meditations on First Philosophy 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.anselm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Could it be claimed on their behalf, individually or collectively, that in ability, education, character, or life they excel the infinitely larger number of cultured men who adhere on conviction to what the race at large has believed, then indeed it might be admitted that their opposition would be somewhat formidable.^ Could it be claimed on their behalf, individually or collectively, that in ability, education , character, or life they excel the infinitely larger number of cultured men who adhere on conviction to what the race at large has believed, then indeed it might be admitted that their opposition would be somewhat formidable.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For Russell, it is the individual who possesses an infinite number of days.
  • Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Could it be claimed on their behalf, individually or collectively, that in ability, education, character, or life they excel the infinitely larger number of cultured men who adhere on conviction to what the race at large has believed, then indeed it might be admitted that their opposition would be somewhat formidable.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.But no such claim can be made; on the contrary, if a comparison were called for it would be easy to make out an overwhelming case for the other side.^ But no such claim can be made; on the contrary, if a comparison were called for it would be easy to make out an overwhelming case for the other side.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A counter-claim can be made, but such a claim would also fail the falsifiability test.
  • Debate on the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.bede.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ "If I employed Harris's recommendation for dealing with irrationality in such cases, by lambasting the conflicting parties with how preposterous are their core beliefs, I would probably be kicked out or killed."

.Or again, if it were true that the progress of knowledge had brought to light any new and serious difficulties against religion, there would, especially in view of the modern vogue of Agnosticism, be some reason for alarm as to the soundness of the traditional belief.^ There is no one true religion.
  • Proof of a god @ terrbear.org 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC terrbear.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If there were a “true” religion it would be apparent to all, and it would be the only one.
  • Suffering, Evil and the Existence of God - Opinionator Blog - NYTimes.com 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC fish.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or again, if it were true that the progress of knowledge had brought to light any new and serious difficulties against religion, there would, especially in view of the modern vogue of Agnosticism, be some reason for alarm as to the soundness of the traditional belief.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.But so far is this from being the case that in the words of Professor Huxley -- an unsuspected witness -- "not a solitary problem presents itself to the philosophical Theist at the present day which has not existed from the time that philosophers began to think out the logical grounds and the logical consequences of Theism" (Life and Letters of Ch.^ In other words, the universe began to exist.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But so far is this from being the case that in the words of Professor Huxley -- an unsuspected witness -- "not a solitary problem presents itself to the philosophical Theist at the present day which has not existed from the time that philosophers began to think out the logical grounds and the logical consequences of Theism" (Life and Letters of Ch.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But so far is this from being the case that in the words of Professor Huxley — an unsuspected witness — "not a solitary problem presents itself to the philosophical Theist at the present day which has not existed from the time that philosophers began to think out the logical grounds and the logical consequences of Theism" (Life and Letters of Ch.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

Darwin by F. Darwin, II, p. 203). .Substantially the same arguments as are used today were employed by old-time sceptical Atheists in the effort to overthrow man's belief in the existence of the Divine, and the fact that this belief has withstood repeated assaults during so many ages in the past is the best guarantee of its permanency in the future.^ The same sort of argument is used regarding the concept of existence.

^ Belief in the Existence of God: facts and figures?
  • Whispy.com Cultural Creative Community - Existence of God: Facts and Figures, Does God exist? 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.whispy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Substantially the same arguments as are used today were employed by old-time sceptical Atheists in the effort to overthrow man's belief in the existence of the Divine, and the fact that this belief has withstood repeated assaults during so many ages in the past is the best guarantee of its permanency in the future.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is too firmly implanted in the depths of man's soul for little surface storms to uproot it.^ It is too firmly implanted in the depths of man's soul for little surface storms to uproot it.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

A Priori, or Ontological, Argument

.This argument undertakes to deduce the existence of God from the idea of Him as the Infinite which is present to the human mind; but as already stated, theistic philosophers are not agreed as to the logical validity of this deduction.^ Arguments against God's existence have been given by philosophers, atheists, and agnostics.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There can be no logical/rational argument for the existence or non-existence of God--We Are!
  • New Statesman - Descartes and God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newstatesman.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God, arguments for the existence of God, arguments for the existence of .

As stated by St. Anselm, the argument runs thus: The idea of God as the Infinite means the greatest Being that can be thought of, but unless actual existence outside the mind is included in this idea, God would not be the greatest conceivable Being since a Being that exists both in the mind as an object of thought, and outside the mind or objectively, would be greater than a Being that exists in the mind only; therefore God exists not only in the mind but outside of it.
.Descartes states the argument in a slightly different way as follows: Whatever is contained in a clear and distinct idea of a thing must be predicated of that thing; but a clear and distinct idea of an absolutely perfect Being contains the notion of actual existence; therefore since we have the idea of an absolutely perfect Being such a Being must really exist.^ I have a distinct idea of body as an extended thing.
  • An Outline of Descartes's Meditations on First Philosophy 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.anselm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I am also clear that if the effect exists, the cause required for its existence must exist.
  • ADLER ARCHIVE: The Great Idea of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact that a strawman argument exists proves that whatever it is a strawman of must be correct.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

.To mention a third form of statement, Leibniz would put the argument thus: God is at least possible since the concept of Him as the Infinite implies no contradiction; but if He is possible He must exist because the concept of Him involves existence.^ Theism erroneously posits that God exists because the existence of God can not be disproved.
  • There He Goes Again at Steven Landsburg | The Big Questions: Tackling the Problems of Philosophy with Ideas from Mathematics, Economics, and Physics 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.thebigquestions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God must be perfect if he exists.
  • God, Existence of: Debatabase - Debate Topics and Debate Motions 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.idebate.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGUMENT FROM UNIQUE EXISTENCE God may exist, but not in a way that anything else that exists exists.
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]

In St. Anselm's own day this argument was objected to by Gaunilo, who maintained as a reductio ad absurdum that were it valid one could prove by means of it the actual existence somewhere of an ideal island far surpassing in riches and delights the fabled Isles of the Blessed. .But this criticism however smart it may seem is clearly unsound, for it overlooks the fact that the argument is not intended to apply to finite ideals but only to the strictly infinite; and if it is admitted that we possess a true idea of the infinite, and that this idea is not self-contradictory, it does not seem possible to find any flaw in the argument.^ Even the theist must admit that this argument seems too good to be true.
  • The Determinability of God's Existance 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Original source]

^ But this criticism however smart it may seem is clearly unsound, for it overlooks the fact that the argument is not intended to apply to finite ideals but only to the strictly infinite ; and if it is admitted that we possess a true idea of the infinite , and that this idea is not self-contradictory, it does not seem possible to find any flaw in the argument.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is the true infinite of which we have the thought and idea.
  • The Existence of God by Francois de Salignac de La Mothe- Fenelon - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/2) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Actual existence is certainly included in any true concept of the Infinite, and the person who admits that he has a concept of an Infinite Being cannot deny that he conceives it as actually existing.^ But if God’s existence is possible – if we can conceive of a necessary being – he must exist.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Actual existence is certainly included in any true concept of the Infinite, and the person who admits that he has a concept of an Infinite Being cannot deny that he conceives it as actually existing.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One cannot deny ones own existence.
  • A Proof of the Existence of God (This Rock: May-June 2006) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.catholic.com [Source type: Original source]

But the difficulty is with regard to this preliminary admission, which if challenged -- as it is in fact challenged by Agnostics -- requires to be justified by recurring to the a posteriori argument, i.e. to the inference by way of causality from contingency to self-existence and thence by way of deduction to infinity. Hence the great majority of scholastic philosophers have rejected the ontological argument as propounded by St. Anselm and Descartes nor as put forward by Leibniz does it escape the difficulty that has been stated.

II. AS KNOWN THROUGH FAITH ("THE GOD OF REVELATION")

Sacred Scriptures

.Neither in the Old or New Testament do we find any elaborate argumentation devoted to proving that God exists.^ Can you also prove God doesn’t exist ?
  • SpoonBlog » Blog Archive » Proofs for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC spoonbot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would not prove that God does not exist.
  • How to Disprove the Existence of “God” « State of Protest 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.stateofprotest.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Neither in the Old or New Testament do we find any elaborate argumentation devoted to proving that God exists.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.This truth is rather taken for granted, as being something, for example, that only the fool will deny in his heart [Ps.^ This truth is rather taken for granted, as being something, for example, that only the fool will deny in his heart [ Psalm 13:1 and 52:1 ]; and argumentation, when resorted to, is directed chiefly against polytheism and idolatry .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This truth is rather taken for granted, as being something, for example, that only the fool will deny in his heart [Ps.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Only a fool will deny Gods existence.
  • Chapter 1 - The Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

xiii .(xiv), 1; lii (liii), 1]; and argumentation, when resorted to, is directed chiefly against polytheism and idolatry.^ This truth is rather taken for granted, as being something, for example, that only the fool will deny in his heart [ Psalm 13:1 and 52:1 ]; and argumentation, when resorted to, is directed chiefly against polytheism and idolatry .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.But in several passages we have a cursory appeal to some phase of the general cosmological argument: v.g.^ Perhaps that is what makes cosmological arguments so appealing.
  • Evidence for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC sguthrie.net [Source type: Original source]

^ But in several passages we have a cursory appeal to some phase of the general cosmological argument: v.g.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The cosmological/ kalam argument is valid but I don’t think one can appeal to most people with this.
  • Parchment and Pen » 10 Arguments for God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reclaimingthemind.org [Source type: Original source]

Ps. xviii .(xix), 1, xciii (xciv), 5 sqq., Is., xli, 26 sqq.; II Mach., vii, 28, etc.; and in some few others -- Wis.^ Is., xli, 26 sqq.; II Mach., vii, 28, etc.; and in some few others -- Wis.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ II Mach., vii, 28, etc.; and in some few others — Wis.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

xiii, .1-9; Rom., i, 18,20 -- the argument is presented in a philosophical way, and men who reason rightly are held to be inexcusable for failing to recognize and worship the one true God, the Author and Ruler of the universe.^ Rom., i, 18,20 — the argument is presented in a philosophical way, and men who reason rightly are held to be inexcusable for failing to recognize and worship the one true God , the Author and Ruler of the universe .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How do men reason in this way?
  • ADLER ARCHIVE: The Great Idea of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God is the sole creator and ruler of the universe .
  • God - Christianity Knowledge Base 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC christianity.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.These two latter texts merit more than passing attention.^ These two latter texts merit more than passing attention.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I do not claim to be an authority of religious thought, but I find these distinctions are important to make in order to have a healthy co-existence of the two fields...perhaps theology is a more important subject than previously thought?
  • New Statesman - Descartes and God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newstatesman.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But Descartes' complete view is subtler and more sophisticated than these remarks first suggest.
  • Descartes' Ontological Argument (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Wis., xiii, 1-9 reads:
But all men are vain in whom there is not the knowledge of God: and who by these good things that are seen, could not understand him that is, neither by attending to the works have acknowledged who was the workman: but have imagined either the fire, or the wind, or the swift air or the circle of the stars, or the great water, or the sun and moon, to be the gods that rule the world.^ It was for God to better understand 'things that happen'.
  • Arguments for the existence of God - Rod Dreher 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC blog.beliefnet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Furthermore, if god were all-good, as he is supposed to be, he could not sin.

^ He should abstain from associating anything with God and should worship neither sun nor moon, nor stars, nor air, nor fire, nor water, nor any other thing whatsoever.
  • The Essence of Islam: Volume One 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.alislam.org [Source type: Original source]

.With whose beauty, if they, being delighted, took them to be gods: let them know how much the Lord of them is more beautiful than they: for the first author of beauty made all those things.^ First, I ask how anyone would know this about any god.

^ Thus, we know that God is the creator of all things in the universe, and of the universe itself.
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How do they know right from wrong ?
  • existence of God - Ask the atheist. 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC asktheatheist.com [Source type: Original source]

.Or if they admired their power and effects, let them understand by them that he that made them, is mightier than they: for by the greatness of the beauty, and of the creature, the creator of them may be seen, so as to be known thereby.^ Or if they admired their power and effects, let them understand by them that he that made them, is mightier than they: for by the greatness of the beauty, and of the creature, the creator of them may be seen, so as to be known thereby.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are dependent on that Creator-creature bond, He is not.
  • The Nature of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ovrlnd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse (Romans 1:20).
  • Evolution: Improbable or Impossible?, Is God's Existence Logical 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

.But yet as to these they are less to be blamed.^ But yet as to these they are less to be blamed.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All these attributes are such that, the more carefully I concentrate on them, the less possible it seems that they could have originated from me alone.
  • Descartes' Proof for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC oregonstate.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The infinite transcendent cause of these things cannot be less than they are, but must be infinitely more.
  • Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.peterkreeft.com [Source type: Original source]

.For they perhaps err, seeking God, and desirous to find him.^ For they perhaps err, seeking God, and desirous to find him.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I would advise Him to seek counselling at the earliest possible opportunity.” ~ Sigmund Freud on God Does God exist?
  • Existence of God - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That [men] should seek the Lord, if haply they might feel after Him, and find Him, though He be not far from every one of us.
  • Cyberspace Ministry - The Moment of Truth - Lesson 1 - «God: Could He Be Dead?» 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cyberspaceministry.org [Source type: Original source]

.For being conversant among his works, they search: and they are persuaded that the things are good which are seen.^ For being conversant among his works, they search: and they are persuaded that the things are good which are seen.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse (Romans 1:20).
  • Evolution: Improbable or Impossible?, Is God's Existence Logical 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For the invisible things of Him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse.
  • Cyberspace Ministry - The Moment of Truth - Lesson 1 - «God: Could He Be Dead?» 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.cyberspaceministry.org [Source type: Original source]

But then again they are not to be pardoned. For if they were able to know so much as to make a judgment of the world: how did they not more easily find out the Lord thereof?
Here it is clearly taught
  • that the phenomenal or contingent world -- the things that are seen -- requires a cause distinct from and greater than itself or any of its elements;
  • that this cause who is God is not unknowable, but is known with certainty not only to exist but to possess in Himself, in a higher degree, whatever beauty, strength, or other perfections are realized in His works,
  • that this conclusion is attainable by the right exercise of human reason, without reference to supernatural revelation, and that philosophers, therefore, who are able to interpret the world philosophically, are inexcusable for their ignorance of the true God, their failure, it is implied, being due rather to lack of good will than to the incapacity of the human mind.
Substantially the same doctrine is laid down more briefly by St. Paul in Rom., i, 18-20:
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and injustice of those men that detain the truth of God in injustice: because that which is known of God is manifest in them. .For God hath manifested it unto them.^ For God hath manifested it unto them.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath showed it unto them.
  • The Resurrection of Thomism 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reformed.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The fact is that this passage is mistranslated: instead the correct statement, quoted in context reads: "For unto such hath God promised his Spirit.
  • Mormon Doctrine of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC wri.leaderu.com [Source type: Original source]

For the invisible things of him, from the creation of the world, are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, his eternal power also and divinity: so that they are inexcusable.
It is to be observed that the pagans of whom St. Paul is speaking are not blamed for their ignorance of supernatural revelation and the Mosaic law, but for failing to preserve or for corrupting that knowledge of God and of man's duty towards Him which nature itself ought to have taught them. .Indeed it is not pure ignorance as such they are blamed for, but that wilful shirking of truth which renders ignorance culpable.^ Indeed it is not pure ignorance as such they are blamed for, but that wilful shirking of truth which renders ignorance culpable.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Their attention to such a being will, indeed, always increase and they will constantly look towards it with desire.
  • The Manifestations of God in Nature 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.al-islam.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such ignorance is inconsistent with the standard account of omniscience, which requires that God know all truths, and is surely incompatible with God's maximal cognitive excellence.
  • bethinking.org - Who are you God? - The coherence of theism - part 1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bethinking.org [Source type: Original source]

Even under the corruptions of paganism St. Paul recognized the indestructible permanency of germinal religious truth (cf. Rom., ii, 14, 15).
.It is clear from these passages that Agnosticism and Pantheism are condemned by revelation, while the validity of the general proof of God's existence given above is confirmed.^ How can one fashion a proof for God's existence from these material s?
  • Descartes' Proof for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC oregonstate.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Scientific proof of god's non-existence .
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Arguments against God's existence have been given by philosophers, atheists, and agnostics.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is also clear that the extreme form of Traditionalism (q.v.^ It is also clear that the extreme form of Traditionalism, which would hold that no certain knowledge of God's existence or nature is attainable by human reason without the aid of supernatural revelation, is condemned.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is also clear that the extreme form of Traditionalism , which would hold that no certain knowledge of God's existence or nature is attainable by human reason without the aid of supernatural revelation, is condemned.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

), which would hold that no certain knowledge of .God's existence or nature is attainable by human reason without the aid of supernatural revelation, is condemned.^ The existence of God and the human need for God .
  • bethinking.org - Who are you God? - The Resurrection of Theism 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bethinking.org [Source type: Original source]
  • bethinking.org - Who are you God? - The coherence of theism - part 1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC bethinking.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is also clear that the extreme form of Traditionalism, which would hold that no certain knowledge of God's existence or nature is attainable by human reason without the aid of supernatural revelation, is condemned.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The third is, can we know God's existence and nature?
  • ADLER ARCHIVE: The Great Idea of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC radicalacademy.com [Source type: Original source]

Church Councils

What the author of Wisdom and St. Paul and after them the Fathers and theologians had constantly taught, has been solemnly defined by the Vatican Council. .In the first place, as against Agnosticism and Traditionalism, the council teaches (cap.^ In the next place, as against Pantheism, the council (cap.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the first place, as against Agnosticism and Traditionalism, the council teaches (cap.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In what sense can we 'prove' God's existence, according to the teaching of the First Vatican Council?

ii, De revelat.) .
that God, the first cause (principium) and last end of all things, can, from created things, be known with certainty by the natural light of human reason (Denz., 1785-old no.^ If He is the Creator of all things, then He must be the cause of all things.
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, we know that God is the creator of all things in the universe, and of the universe itself.
  • Evidence for God from Science • View topic - Emotions of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC discussions.godandscience.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For all natural things can be reduced to one principle, which is nature; and all voluntary things can be reduced to one principle, which is human reason, or will.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

1634)
and in the corresponding canon (can. i, De revelat.) it .anathematizes anyone who would say
that the one true God our Creator and Lord, cannot, through the things that are made, be known with certainty by the natural light of human reason (Denz., 1806-old no.^ No one ever has seen God.

^ For all natural things can be reduced to one principle, which is nature; and all voluntary things can be reduced to one principle, which is human reason, or will.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Question: No one ever has seen God.

.1653).
As against Agnosticism this definition needs no explanation.
^ As against Agnosticism this definition needs no explanation.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no answer from Science: and, even if there were, it would merely tell us of another moving body or bodies whose motion would equally need explanation.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As far as the second option of gaining financial advantage over others is concerned, it needs no explanation.

.As against Traditionalism, it is to be observed that the definition is directed only against the extreme form of that theory, as held by Lamennais and others according to which -- taking human nature as it is -- there would not, and could not, have been any true or certain knowledge of God, among men, had there not been at least a primitive supernatural revelation -- in other words, natural religion as such is an impossibility.^ I am aware that commonly used words such as “knowledge” do not have simple definitions.
  • Free - Resources - Has physics disproved the existence of God? 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC free-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nothing that happens is supernatural, so anything gods do would be natural for them.
  • Some of the evidences of the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC lofi.forum.physorg.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There's nothing that would count as evidence for or against God.
  • There is a website that successfully argues for the existence of God.Here is the URL.Therefore, God exists. | MetaFilter 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

.There is no reference to milder forms of Traditionalism which hold social tradition and education to be necessary for the development of man's rational powers, and consequently deny, for example, that an individual cut off from human society from his infancy, and left entirely to himself, could ever attain a certain knowledge of God, or any strictly rational knowledge at all.^ There is no evidence for God, as there is with Unicorns.
  • Scientific proof of god's non-existence | Machines Like Us 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC machineslikeus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When there is a change in the creature there is no change in God.
  • The Nature of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ovrlnd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Olympus and there were no gods there.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]
  • http://www.tektonics.org/guest/300proof.html 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.tektonics.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Over Three Hundred Proofs of God’s Existence- ExChristian.Net - Articles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC exchristian.net [Source type: Original source]

.That is a psychological problem on which the council has nothing to say.^ That is a psychological problem on which the council has nothing to say.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The problem with nothing says how we ought to behave is that it is tantamount to saying there are no rules of behavior.
  • The Argument from Morality: Objective morality as evidence for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

.Neither does it deny that even in case of the homo socialis a certain degree of education and culture may be required in order that he may, by independent reasoning, arrive at a knowledge of God; but it merely affirms the broad principle that by the proper use of their natural reasoning power, applied to the phenomena of the universe, men are able to know God with certainty.^ Therefore, even atheists know God.
  • Hundreds of Proofs of God�s Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.godlessgeeks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As Creator, God's power in His universe is unlimited.
  • Understanding God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.aish.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The same may apply to the laws of nature.
  • God's Existence 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.vengara.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the next place, as against Pantheism, the council (cap.^ In the first place, as against Agnosticism and Traditionalism , the council teaches (cap.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the next place, as against Pantheism, the council (cap.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the next place, as against Pantheism , the council (cap.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

i, .De Deo) teaches that God, "since He is one singular, altogether simple and incommutable spiritual substance, must be proclaimed to be really and essentially [re et essentia) distinct from the world most happy in and by Himself, and ineffably above and beyond all things, actual or possible, besides Himself" (Denzinger, 1782-old no.^ Whether God is altogether simple?
  • Summa Theologica 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But in the things which God has made, nothing is altogether simple.
  • Summa Theologica 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ccel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No one ever has seen God.

.1631); and in the corresponding canons (ii-iv, De Deo) anathema is pronounced against anyone who would say "that nothing exists but matter"; or "that the substance or essence of God and of all things is one and the same"; or "that finite things both corporeal and spiritual, or at least spiritual, have emanated from the Divine substance; or that the Divine essence by a manifestation or evolution of itself becomes all things; or that God is universal or indefinite being, which by determining itself constitutes the universe of things distinguished into genera, species and individuals" (Denzinger, 1802-4; old no.^ For if it were of the same nature, God, by that very fact, would be admitted to exist.
  • ethica1 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.mtsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ 'Old things have passed away, behold all things have become new.'
  • The Existence of God3 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC maritain.nd.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ No one ever has seen God.

1648).
.These definitions are framed so as to cover and exclude every type of the pantheistic theory, and nobody will deny that they are in harmony with Scriptural teaching.^ These definitions are framed so as to cover and exclude every type of the pantheistic theory, and nobody will deny that they are in harmony with Scriptural teaching.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Furthermore, E is equally likely on these theories, so they will prevent G from being the best explanation of E in the same way that we saw G∗ threatened to do.
  • How convincing is the ‘fine-tuning’ argument for God’s existence? | PhilosoFiles 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.philosofiles.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But even with that theory they are still left with these basic dilemmas as to the origin of the universe: where did the black hole, which is envisioned as being physical, come from?
  • THE PROOF that God exists and the Bible is true, conclusive scientific proof of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC conclusiveproofofgod.com [Source type: Original source]

.The doctrine of creation, for example, than which none is more clearly taught or more frequently emphasized in Sacred Scripture, is radically opposed to Pantheism -- creation as the sacred writers understand it being the voluntary act of a free agent bringing creatures into being out of nothingness.^ The doctrine of creation, for example, than which none is more clearly taught or more frequently emphasized in Sacred Scripture, is radically opposed to Pantheism -- creation as the sacred writers understand it being the voluntary act of a free agent bringing creatures into being out of nothingness.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The doctrine of creation , for example, than which none is more clearly taught or more frequently emphasized in Sacred Scripture , is radically opposed to Pantheism — creation as the sacred writers understand it being the voluntary act of a free agent bringing creatures into being out of nothingness.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But He cannot bring Himself into being.
  • The Nature of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ovrlnd.com [Source type: Original source]

The Knowability of God

.It will be observed that neither the Scriptural texts we have quoted nor the conciliar decrees say that God's existence can be proved or demonstrated; they merely affirm that it can be known with certainty.^ Does the existence of love "prove" God?
  • Human Love As Proof Of God's Existence? Bayard Stringer (Forum) (7-00) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.positiveatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Surprisingly it is possible to prove the existence of God.
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Now one may, if one wishes, insist on the distinction between what is knowable and what is demonstrable, but in the present connection this distinction has little real import.^ Now one may, if one wishes, insist on the distinction between what is knowable and what is demonstrable , but in the present connection this distinction has little real import.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Now one may, if one wishes, insist on the distinction between what is knowable and what is demonstrable, but in the present connection this distinction has little real import.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since there is a conceptual link between the divine attributes, a clear and distinct perception of one provides a cognitive route to any of the others.
  • Descartes' Ontological Argument (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It has never been claimed that God's existence can be proved mathematically, as a proposition in geometry is proved, and most Theists reject every form of the ontological or deductive proof.^ Does the existence of love "prove" God?
  • Human Love As Proof Of God's Existence? Bayard Stringer (Forum) (7-00) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.positiveatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Surprisingly it is possible to prove the existence of God.
  • Can science be used to prove the existence of God? | Science | guardian.co.uk 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Immanuel Kant: The impossibility of an Ontological Proof of the existence of God 57; 7.
  • History of the Ontological Argument for the existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.formalontology.it [Source type: Original source]

.But if the term proof or demonstration may be, as it often is, applied to a posteriori or inductive inference, by means of which knowledge that is not innate or intuitive is acquired by the exercise of reason, then it cannot fairly be denied that Catholic teaching virtually asserts that God's existence can be proved.^ Does the existence of love "prove" God?
  • Human Love As Proof Of God's Existence? Bayard Stringer (Forum) (7-00) 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.positiveatheism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The few that deny Gods existence are insignificant.
  • Chapter 1 - The Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.pbministries.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It seems that the existence of God cannot be demonstrated.
  • St. Thomas Aquinas 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ewtn.com [Source type: Original source]

Certain knowledge of God is declared to be attainable "by the light of reason", i.e. of the reasoning faculty as such from or through "the things that are made"; and this clearly implies an inferential process such as in other connections men do not hesitate to call proof.
.Hence it is fair to conclude that the Vatican Council, following Sacred Scripture, has virtually condemned the Scepticism which rejects the a posteriori proof.^ Hence it is fair to conclude that the Vatican Council, following Sacred Scripture, has virtually condemned the Scepticism which rejects the a posteriori proof.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hence it is fair to conclude that the Vatican Council , following Sacred Scripture , has virtually condemned the Scepticism which rejects the a posteriori proof .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You state then the following: Quote Logic + Science prove Universe had a start Universe was created from nothing Time had a beginning And then conclude: Quote A Creator of the Universe and Time exists In accordance with your proof.

.But it did not deal directly with Ontologism, although certain propositions of the Ontologists had already been condemned as unsafe (tuto tradi non posse) by a decree of the Holy Office (18 September, 1861), and among the propositions of Rosmini subsequently condemned (14 December, 1887) several reassert the ontologist principle.^ But it did not deal directly with Ontologism, although certain propositions of the Ontologists had already been condemned as unsafe (tuto tradi non posse) by a decree of the Holy Office (18 September, 1861), and among the propositions of Rosmini subsequently condemned (14 December, 1887) several reassert the ontologist principle.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But it did not deal directly with Ontologism , although certain propositions of the Ontologists had already been condemned as unsafe ( tuto tradi non posse ) by a decree of the Holy Office (18 September, 1861), and among the propositions of Rosmini subsequently condemned (14 December, 1887) several reassert the ontologist principle.
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One is the failure, which we have already noted in connexion with the Ontological Argument, to recognize the peculiarity of existential propositions and the fact that they are utterly unlike characterizing propositions in logical structure.
  • Arguments for the Existence of God 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.ditext.com [Source type: Original source]

This condemnation by the Holy Office is quite sufficient to discredit Ontologism, regarding which it is enough to say here
  • that, as already observed, experience contradicts the assumption that the human mind has naturally or necessarily an immediate consciousness or intuition of the Divine,
  • that such a theory obscures, and tends to do away with, the difference, on which St. Paul insists (I Cor., xiii, 12), between our earthly knowledge of God ("through a glass in a dark manner") and the vision of Him which the blessed in heaven enjoy ("face to face") and seems irreconcilable with the Catholic doctrine, defined by the Council of Vienne, that, to be capable of the face to face or intuitive vision of God, the human intellect needs to be endowed with a special supernatural light, the lumen gloriae and
  • finally that, in so far as it is clearly intelligible, the theory goes dangerously near to Pantheism.
.In the decree "Lamentabili" (3 July, 1907) and the Encyclical "Pascendi" (7 September, 1907), issued by Pope Pius X, the Catholic position is once more reaffirmed and theological Agnosticism condemned.^ In the decree "Lamentabili" (3 July, 1907) and the Encyclical "Pascendi" (7 September, 1907), issued by Pope Pius X, the Catholic position is once more reaffirmed and theological Agnosticism condemned.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Agnosticism upon this subject appears to us to be the more reasonable position to take.
  • The Existence Of God or Questions For Theists by Charles Watts 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC englishatheist.org [Source type: Original source]

In its bearing on our subject, this act of Church authority is merely a restatement of the teaching of St. Paul and of the Vatican Council, and a reassertion of the principle which has been always maintained, that God must be naturally knowable if faith in Him and His revelation is to be reasonable; and if a concrete example be needed to show how, of logical necessity, the substance of Christianity vanishes into thin air once the agnostic principle is adopted, one has only to point the finger at Modernism. Rational theism is a necessary logical basis for revealed religion; and that the natural knowledge of God and natural religion, which Catholic teaching holds to be possible, are not necessarily the result of grace, i.e. of a supernatural aid given directly by God Himself, follows from the condemnation by Clement XI of one of the propositions of Quesnel (prop. .41) in which the contrary is asserted (Denzinger, 1391; old no.^ To claim that no such being could exist is simply to assert the contrary to the conclusion of the cosmological argument without defending this assertion.
  • The Resurrection of Thomism 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC www.reformed.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Denzinger, 1391; old no.
  • http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/argument.htm 30 January 2010 2:02 UTC mb-soft.com [Source type: Original source]

1256).
Portions of this entry are taken from The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907.

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 26, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Existence of God, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message