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Odysseus wearing a pilos, an exomis and a chlamys.

The exomis (from exo: "outside", and omos: "shoulder") was a Greek tunic used by workers and light infantry. The tunic largely replaced the older chitoniskos as the main tunic of the hoplites during the later 5th century BC. It was made of two rectangles of linen (other materials were also used), which were stitched together from the sides to form a cylinder, leaving enough space at the top for the arms. A opening at the top was also left for the head. The cylinder was gathered up at the waist with a cloth belt using a reef knot, which made the cloth fall down over the belt, hiding it from view. To allow freedom of movement to the right arm, the seam at the right shoulder was taken apart, and the right hand was passed through the head opening.

The color of the tunic varied, but red (especially crimson) was increasingly the standard color preferred by hoplites during and after the Peloponnesian War.

The exomis could be worn in conjunction with the chlamys (also known as ephaptis) cape.


  • Greek costume (French)
  • Sekunda, Nicholas (2000). Greek Hoplite 480–323 BC. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1855328674.


Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Unassigned core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales
Familia: Amaranthaceae
Subfamilia: Chenopodioideae
Genus: Exomis
Species: E. albicans - E. atriplicioides - E. axyrioides - E. microphylla


Exomis Fenzl ex Moq., 1840.


  • The International Plant Names Index Exomis.
  • Fenzl, Eduard - Moquin-Tandon, Christian Horace Bénédict Alfred, 1840: Chenopodearum Monographica Enumeratio. Paris, 49.
  • GBIF .

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